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corresponding  secretary  and  historian  of  new  england  historic-genealogical 

society;   Librarian    Emeritus  of   Woburn    public  library;   author 

OF  "Cutter  family."  "History  of  Arlington,"  etc.,  etc. 

VOLUME    I         ^ 





Coi'VKiGin    igi2 


Lewis  FiisTORicxL  Pi'ki.ishinc  Compakv. 



HE  present  work,  "Genealogical  and  Family  History  of  Central  New  York,"  ])re- 
sents  in  the  aggregate  an  amount  and  variety  of  genealogical  and  personal  infor- 
mation and  portraiture  unequalled  by  any  kindred  publication.  Indeed,  no  similar 
work  concerning  the  families  of  this  region  has  ever  before  been  presented.  It 
contains  a  vast  amount  of  ancestral  history  never  before  printed.  The  object 
clearly   defined  and   well   digested,   was   threefold : 

First.  To  present  in  concise  form  the  history  of  Central  Xew  ^'ork  Families  of 
the  Colonial  Days. 

Second.     To  preserve  a  record  of  the  preiminent  iiresent-day  people  of  the  region. 

Third.  To  present  through  personal  sketches  the  relation  of  its  prominent  families  of 
all  times  to  the  growth,  singular  prosperity  and  widespread  influence  of  this  portion  of  the 
Empire  State. 

There  are  numerous  voluminous  histories  of  the  State,  making  it  unnecessar\'  in  this 
work  to  even  outline  its  annals.  What  has  been  published,  however,  relates  principally  to 
civic  life.  The  amplification  necessary  to  complete  the  picture  of  the  section,  old  and 
nowadays,  is  what  is  supplied  in  large  measure  by  these  ( ienealogical  and  Family  Memoirs. 
In  tther  words,  while  others  have  written  of  "the  times."  the  jirovince  of  this  work  is  to 
be  a  chronicle  of  the  people  who  have  made  Central   Xew  York  what  it  is. 

L'nique  in  conception  and  treatment,  this  work  constitutes  one  of  the  must  original  and 
|3ermancntlv  valuable  contributions  ever  made  to  the  social  history  of  an  .\merican  com- 
monwealth. In  it  are  arrayed  in  a  lucid  and  dignified  manner  all  the  imjjortant  facts 
regarding  the  ancestrv.  personal  careers  and  matrimonial  alliances  nf  many,  who,  in  each 
succeeding  generation,  have  been  accorded  leading  positions  in  the  social,  professional  and 
business  life  of  the  State.  Xor  has  it  been  based  upon,  neither  does  it  minister  to,  aristo- 
cratic prejudices  and  assumptions.  ()n  the  contrary,  its  fundamental  ideas  are  tlidrnughly 
American  and  democratic.  The  work  everywhere  conveys  the  lesson  that  distinction  has 
)>cen  gained  only  by  honorable  public  service,  or  by  usefulness  in  [jrivate  station,  and  that 
the  develojiment  and  prosperity  of  the  region  <if  which 
it  treats  has  been  dependent  upon  the  character  nf  its 
citizens,  and  in  the  stimulus  which  they  have  given  to 
commerce,  to  industry,  to  the  arts  and  sciences,  to  edu- 
cation and  religion — to  all  that  is  comprised  in  the 
highest  civilization  of  the  present  day — through  a  con- 
tinual progressive  development. 

The  inspiration  underlying  the  present  work  is  a 
fervent  appreciation  of  the  truth  so  well  expressed 
by  .Sir  Walter  Scott,  that  "there  is  no  heroic  poem  in 

the  world  but  is  at  the  bottom  the  life  of  a  man."    .And  .james  pumpeli.v, 

with  this  goes  a  kindred  truth,  that  to  know  a  man.  and  '^^''^"ion"p7/setti°/rrtT)weg^"'"''' 



Kirst    White   Woman   in    Elniira. 

rightly  measure  his  character,  and  weigh  his 
acliievements,  we  must  know  whence  he  came, 
from  what  forbears  he  sprang.  Truly  as  heroic 
poems  have  been  written  in  human  lives  in  the 
paths  of  peace  as  in  the  scarred  roads  of  war. 
Such  examples,  in  whatever  line  of  endeavor,  are 
of  much  worth  as  an  incentive  to  those  who  come 
afterward,  and  as  such  were  never  so  needful  to 
be  written  of  as  in  the  present  day,  when  pessi- 
mism, forgetful  of  the  splendid  lessons  of  the 
past,  withholds  its  effort  in  the  present,  and  views 
the  future  only  with  alarm. 

Every  community  with  such  ample  history  as 
this,  should  see  that  it  be  worthily  supplemented 
by  Genealogical  and  Personal  Memoirs  of  its 
leading  families  and  prominent  citizens.  Such  a 
work  is  that  which  is  now  presented.  And,  it 
should  be  admitted,  the  imdertaking  possesses 
value  of  the  highest  importance — in  its  historic 
utility  as  a  memorial  of  the  development  and 
progress  of  the  community  from  its  very  founding,  and  in  the  personal  interest  which 
attaches  to  the  record  made  by  the  individual.  On  both  these  accounts  it  will  prove  a  highly 
useful  contribution  to  literature,  and  a  valuable  legacy  to  future  generations.  Out  of  these 
considerations  the  authors  and  publishers  have  received  the  encouragement  and  approval  of 
authorities  of  the  highest  standing  as  genealogists,  historians  and  litterateurs.  In  the  pro- 
duction of  this  work,  no  pains  have  been  spared  to  ensure  absolute  truth — that  quality  upon 
which  its  value  in  every  feature  depends.  The  material  comprising  the  genealogical  and  per- 
sonal records  of  the  active  living,  as  well  as  of  the  honored  dead,  was  gathered  by  men  and 
women  experienced  in  such  work  and  acquainted  with  local  history  and  ancestral  families. 
These  have  appealed  to  the  custodians  of  family  records  concerning  the  useful  men  of  pre- 
ceding generations,  and  of  their  descendants  who  have  lived  useful  and  honorable  lives. 
Such  custodians,  who  have  availed  themselves  of  this  opportunity  of  having  this  knowledge 
placed  in  preservable  and  accessible  form,  have  performed  a  public  service  in  rendering 
honor  to  whom  honor  is  due,  in  preserving  the  distinction  which  rightfully  belongs  to  their 
families,  and  which  distinguishes  them  from  later  immigrations  :  as  well  as  in  inculcating 
the  most  valuable  and  enduring  lessons  of  patriotism  and  good  citizenship. 

There  is  probably  no  section  of  the  United  States  in  which  are  so  well  preserved  the 
ideas  and  characteristics  of  the  original  New  England  immigrants  as  in  Central  New  York. 
.'\t  the  time  when  most  of  the  pioneer  settlers  located  in  this  region,  the  war  for  American 
Independence  had  just  closed,  and  many  of  them  were  fresh  from  the  struggle,  imbued  with 
the  highest  principles  of  patriotism,  and  all  brought  to  their  new  homes  and  instilled  in 
their  children  the  practice  of  the  simple  virtues,  the  industry  and  enterprise  which  have 
made  the  sons  of  the  Empire  State  pre-eminent  in  every  walk  of  life  throughout  the 
Nation.  .'Vnother  important  element  in  the  settlement  of  this  section  was  made  up  of  the 
early  Dutch  settlers  who  came  to  New  .Amsterdam  (New  York)  before  the  adoption  of 
surnames  among  them. 


'I'lian  this  region  no  other  offered  a  more  pecuHarly  interesting  field  for  research.  Its  sons 
— "native  here,  and  to  the  manner  born,"  and  of  spieiiiUd  ancestry — have  attained  distinction 
in  everv  field  of  human  eft'ort.  .An  additional  interest  attaches  to  the  present  undertaking 
in  the  fact  that,  while  dealing  ])rimarily  with  the  history  of  native  New  York,  this  work 
approaches  the  dignity  of  a  national  epitome  of  genealogy  and  biography.  (Jwing  to  the 
wide  dispersion  throughout  the  country  of  the  old  families  of  the  State,  the  authentic 
account  here  presented  of  the  constituent  elements  of  her  social  life,  past  and  present,  is 
of  far  more  than  merely  local  value,  in  its  special  field  it  is,  in  an  appreciable  degree, 
a  reflection  of  the  development  of  the  country  at  large,  since  hence  went  out  representa- 
tives of  historical  families,  in  various  generations,  who  in  far  remote  j^laces — beyond  the 
Mississippi  and  in  the  Far  West — were  with  the  vanguard  of  civilization,  building  up  com- 
munities, creating  new  commonwealths,  planting,  wherever  they  went,  the  church,  the  school 
house  and  the  printing  press,  leading  into  channels  of  thrift  and  enterprise  all  who  gath- 
ered about  them,  and  proving  a  power   for  ideal  citizenship  and  good  government. 

It  was  the  consensus  of  opinion  of  gentlemen  well  informed  and  loyal  to  the  memories 
of  the  past  and  the  needs  of  the  present  and  future,  that  the  editorial  supervision  of 
William  Richard  Cutter,  .\.  M.,  would  ensure  the  best  results  attainable  in  the  prepa- 
ration of  material  for  the  proposed  work.  For  more  than  a  generation  past  he  has  given 
his  leisure  to  historical  and  genealogical  research  and  authorshi]x  He  was  the  author, 
with  his  father,  of  "History  of  .\rlingt(_in.  Massachusetts,"  i8So;  and  edited  Lieutenant 
Samuel  Thompson's  "Diary  W'hile  Serving  in  the  French  and  Indian  War.  1758,"  1896. 
He  also  prepared  a  monograph  entitled  "Journal  of  a  Forton  Prisoner,  England;"  sketches 
of  Arlington  and  W'oburn,  Massachusetts,  and  many  articles  on  subjects  connected  with 
local   historical   and   genealogical    matters    in    ])eriodical   literature.      He   prepared   a   "Uibli- 

iKT    .-\T    OSWEGO. 



HINOHAM'l'ON    mil   YKARS   ACd. 



ography  of  Woburn,  "  and  he  has  been 
editor  of  various  historical  works  out- 
side of  his  own  city. 

Others  to  whom  the  pubhshers  desire 
to  make  grateful  acknowledgment  of 
services  rendered  in  various  ways — as 
writers,  or  in  an  advisory  way  in  point- 
ing to  channels  of  valuable  information, 
are:  Edward  Kissam  Clark  an  anticjua- 
rian  authority,  of  I'.inghamton ;  Edwin 
Jerome  llrown,  .\.  IS.,  president  of  the 
Madison  County  I listi.>rical  Society,  of 
( )neida :  .Mr.  .\Ionzo  D.  lilodgett,  of 
L'ortland  :  ( ieorge  .Abraham  Ihomas,  .A. 
M.,  LL.  1).,  antii|uarian.  of  Norwich; 
Mr.  Roswell  Randall  Moss,  an  authority 
on  local  history:  and  Mr.  Leroy  Wilson 
Kingman,  author  of  "History  of  Tioga 
t'ountw"  and  for  fort\'  years  editor  of 
The  (  )wego  Gazette. 

In  order  to  insure  greatest  possible 
accuracy,  all   matter    for  this   work   was 
submitted   in   typewritten   manuscript   to 
the  persons   most   interested   for  correc- 
tion.    If.  in  any  case,  a  sketch  is  incom- 
plete or  faulty,  the  shortcoming  is  ascrib- 
able  to   the  paucity   of   data   obtainable, 
many   families  being  without  exact  records  in  their  famil_\-  line:  while,  in  some  cases,  repre- 
sentatives of  a  given   family  are  at   a  disagreement  as  to  names  of  some  of  their  forbears, 
important  dates,  etc. 

It  is  believed  that  the  present  work,  in  spite  of  the  occasional  fault  which  attaches 
to  such  undertakings,  will  prove  a  real  addition  to  the  mass  of  annals  concerning  the  his- 
toric families  of  Central  Xew  York,  an<l  that  without  it,  much  valuable  infcirmation  would 
be  inaccessilile  to  the  general  reader,  or  irretrie\ably  lost,  owing  to  the  passing  away  of 
custodians  of  family  records,  and  the  conser|uent  disappearance  of  material  in  their  pos- 





NORWICH    IX    IS311. 



Dr.  William  Nichols,  immi- 
NICHOLS  grant  ancestor,  was  a  Scotch- 
man by  birth,  who  went  to 
England  to  obtain  his  medical  education,  and 
then  came  to  this  country.  He  was  born  in 
i68g,  died  January  13,  1754.  He  settled  in 
ISerkley.  Bristol  county,  Massachusetts,  where 
he  built  a  house  and  practiced  his  professir>n. 
He  is  buried  in  the  Paull  burying-ground.  in 
Berkley.  He  married  Joanna  Paull,  born  in 
1697,  died  April  10,  1779,  daughter  of  John 
and  Dorothy  Paull.  Her  father  was  born  in 
1662,  died  March  23,  1718.  son  of  William 
I'aull.  who  was  born  in  1622,  died  in  1704. 
Children:  I.  John,  born  November  22,  1721  ; 
married,  in  1762,  Elizabeth  Valentine.  2.  \\'ill- 
iam,  April  2,  1723;  married Whit- 
marsh.  3.  Eleazer,  May  13,  1724,  died  July  7, 
1754;  married,  in  1749,  ]\Iary  Tisdale.  4. 
Moses,  October  22,  1725,  died  April  22,  1800; 
married,  in  1748,  Abigail  Strange.  5.  Joanna, 
September  9,  1727,  died  October  29,  1790; 
married  Elder  John  Paull,  of  Berkley.  6. 
Aaron,  March  3,  1729,  died  July  14,  1760; 
married  Hannah  Jones.  7.  Margaret,  Novem- 
ber 20,  1730,  died  in  1807.  8.  James,  men- 
tioned below.  9.  Mary,  February  9,  1734, 
died  November  24,  1756.  10.  Edward,  August 
22,  1737.  II.  Robert,  June  28,  1739;  married 
Grissell  Nichols.  12.  Peter,  April  10,  1741, 
died  1762. 

(H)  James,  son  of  Dr.  William  Nichols, 
was  born  February  i,  1732,  died  March  2. 
1811.  He  married  Esther  Dean.  Children, 
born  in  Berkley,  i.  Paul,  born  1765,  died  No- 
vember I.  1800:  married  Tryphena,  daughter 
of  Moses  Nichols.  2.  James,  1768,  died  ]\Iarch 
29,  1792;  unmarried.  3.  Joseph,  1770,  died 
October  3,  1817;  married  Phebe,  daughter  of 
Benjamin  Crane.  4.  Gilbert.  1773,  died  March 
2,  1836;  married  Rebecca,  daughter  of  Benja- 
min Crane.  5  Sally,  1774,  died  December  30, 
180S  :  unmarried.  6.  Abiel,  mentioned  below. 
7.  John,  May  i,  1780,  died  June  4,  1848.  8. 
Joanna,  1782,  died  June  28,  1804;  married 
Seth  Winslow,  of  Berkley.  9.  Esther,  1784. 
died  March  i,  1792. 

(HI)   Abiel,  son  of  James  Nichols,  was  born 

in  Berkley,  1777,  died  March  2^.  1819.  He 
married  Fidelia,  daughter  of  Abiel  and  Dyer 
(Paul)  Briggs  (see  Briggs  VI).  Children: 
Abiel,  mentioned  below ;  James,  mentioned 
below;  Walter,  married  (first)  Lucinda  Har- 
vey, (second)  Nancy  Dean;  Jerusha,  married 
Asahel  Crane. 

(IV)  Abiel  (2),  son  of  Abiel  (i)  Nichols, 
was  born  at  Berkley.  He  was  a  farmer  and 
blacksmitii  in  A\indsor,  Massachusetts.  He 
married  (first)  Jerusha  Knight  Parsons,  by 
whom  he  had  one  son,  Rev.  Gideon  Parsons, 
mentioned  below.  Married  (second )  Octavia 
Parsons,  sister  of  his  first  wife,  and  thev  had 
three  children :  Jerusha  Jane.  Sarah  Aurclia, 
James  Walter.  Married  (third)  Ruth  ]\Iiner. 
Married   ( fourth )   Mrs.  Nancy  Miner. 

( I\')  Rev.  James  Nichols,  son  of  Abiel  ( i ) 
Nichols,  was  born  August  6,  181 1.  He  was  a 
graduate  of  L'nion  College,  1835 ;  Andover 
Theological  Seminary,  1838.  Later  he  was 
professor  of  Greek  at  Union  College  for  three 
years,  principal  of  LItica  Female  Seminary  for 
three  years,  then  became  pastor  of  the  First 
Presbyterian  Church,  Oneida,  where  he  re- 
mained from  1844  to  1851,  after  which  he  was 
appointed  principal  of  Temple  Hill  Academy, 
at  Geneseo,  New  York,  where  he  remained 
seven  years,  when  he  resigned  to  accept  the 
position  of  principal  of  the  Rochester  Female 
Academy,  where  he  remained  until  August, 
1862,  when  he  received  a  commission  as  chap- 
lain of  the  One  Hundred  and  Eighth  State 
\'olunteers.  As  a  result  of  exposure,  he  con- 
tracted a  fever  from  which  he  died  January  31, 
1864.  He  married,  August  20,  1841,  Sarah 
Jane  Hastings,  born  March  15,  1818,  died 
June  4,  1892,  daughter  of  Ephraim  and  Lucy 
(Shepard)  Hastings  (see  Hastings  VI).  Chil- 
dren: I.  Lizzie  Shepard,  born  1842,  died  1847. 
2.  Delia  Briggs,  married  Rev.  Gideon  Parsons 
Nichols  (see  Nichols  V).  3.  Jane  Hastings, 
born  December  3,  1845,  resides  in  Rochester, 
New  York.  4.  Nancy,  died  aged  three  years. 
5.  Margaret  Dewey,  born  January  2,  1849, 
resides  in  Rochester,  unmarried.  6.  Elizabeth 
Borden,  born  1853;  married  Lewis  T.Sterling, 
has  one  child,   Ruth  Hastings ;  thev  reside  in 

NEW   \'(JRK. 

Iron  Mountain.  Michigan.  7.  James  Ephraim 
Hastings,  born  October.  1856;  graduate  of 
Rochester  L'niversity.  degree  of  A.  B. ;  College 
of  Physicians  and  Surgeons,  of  New  York 
City,  degree  of  M.  D. ;  took  special  courses  in 
diseases  of  the  eye  and  ear.  being  a  remarkable 
surgeon ;  connected  with  Manhattan  Eye  and 
Ear  Hospital,  of  New  York  City;  died  1898; 
married  Mary  W'inthrop  Tappin.  who  died 
1899.  ( For  further  particulars  of  this  fam- 
ily see  Parson's  Memorial  work,  published  in 

(V)  Rev.  Cjideon  Parsons  Nichols,  son  of 
Abiel  (2)  Nichols,  was  born  July  30,  1837.  at 
Windsor.  F)erkshire  county.  Massachusetts.  He 
attended  the  public  schools  there,  and  during 
his  boyhood  worked  on  his  father's  farm.  At 
the  age  of  seventeen  he  entered  Temple  Hill 
Academy,  at  Geneseo.  New  York,  of  which 
his  uncle.  Rev.  James  Nichols,  was  principal, 
and  fitted  for  college.  He  entered  Union  Col- 
lege in  1856.  and  graduated  in  the  class  of 
i860.  He  was  a  charter  member  of  Union 
Chapter  of  the  Delta  Kappa  Epsilon  frater- 
nity, and  was  valedictorian  at  commencement. 
He  was  a  member  of  Phi  PiCta  Kappa.  He 
taught  for  two  years  in  the  Academy  of  War- 
nerville.  New  York,  and  while  there  decided  to 
enter  the  ministry  in  the  P^resbyterian  church. 
In  1862  he  went  to  Princeton  Theological 
Seminary,  from  which  he  graduated,  and  in 
May.  1865.  was  licensed  to  preach  by  the  Pres- 
bytery of  Rochester,  but  he  was  stricken  with 
typhoid  fever  in  the  fall  and  prevented  from 
an  immediate  beginning  in  his  profession.  He 
declined  a  call  as  pastor  of  the  Calvary  Pres- 
byterian Church,  of  Rochester,  and  accepted  a 
position  as  teacher  in  the  Rochester  Female 
Academy  there,  preaching  occasionally  until 
June  7,  1866,  when  he  took  charge  of  the  Pres- 
byterian church,  of  Victor,  New  York.  He 
was  ordained  in  the  First  Presbyterian  Church, 
of  Rochester,  in  May.  1867.  He  remained  in 
the  Victor  pastorate  until  September.  1869, 
when  he  was  called  to  the  Olivet  Presbyterian 
Church,  of  Chicago.  In  March,  1871,  he  ac- 
cepted a  call  to  the  Immanuel  Presbyterian 
Church,  of  Milwaukee,  and  moved  thither  im- 
mediately, remaining  ten  years.  While  there 
he  was  for  several  years  a  trustee  of  the  Lake 
Forest  L'niversity.  and  in  1881  received  from 
that  institution  the  honorary  degree  of  Doctor 
of  Divinity.  He  then  came  to  Binghamton. 
New  York,  to  take  the  pastorate  of  the  First 
Presbyterian  Church.  Except  for  a  few  months. 

when  he  was  pastor  of  the  Central  Presby- 
terian Church,  of  Denver,  in  1887.  he  con- 
tinued to  fill  the  pulpit  of  the  P.inghamton 
church  until  January  i.  1906,  when  failing 
health  compelled  him  to  resign  the  charge.  He 
was  made  pastor  emeritus  of  the  church  with 
salary,  and  continued  to  reside  in  Binghamton 
as  long  as  he  lived.  He  declined  several  at- 
tractive calls,  including  the  pastorates  of  Im- 
manuel Church,  of  Milwaukee,  and  Calvary 
Church,  of  Buffalo,  and  adhered  to  the  Bing- 
hamton church,  to  which  he  was  devotedly 
attached,  and  by  the  people  of  which  he  was 
greatly  beloved  and  honored.  He  died  Sep- 
tember 17.  1908. 

He  married.  June  22.  1871.  Delia  I'riggs 
Nichols,  daughter  of  Rev.  James  and  Sarah  J. 
(Hastings)  Nichols,  mentioned  above.  Chil- 
dren: I.  Rev.  Robert  Hastings,  born  October 
2.  1873;  graduate  of  Yale  University,  A.  B., 
1894;  Ph.  B.,  1896.  and  graduate  of  Auburn 
Theological  Seminary.  1901.  He  was  pastor 
of  the  First  Presbyterian  Church,  at  Unadilla. 
1901-02.  then  went  to  South  Orange.  New 
Jersey,  where  he  was  pastor  of  Trinity  Pres- 
byterian Church.  1902-10.  at  which  time  he 
was  appointed  professor  of  Church  History  in 
the  Auburn  Theological  Seminary,  which  posi- 
tion he  still  retains.  He  married.  June  9,  1910, 
Marjorie  Newton  Wallace,  of  South  Orange, 
New  Jersey,  graduate  of  Bryn  Mawr.  1908. 
2.  Margaret  Parsons,  born  April  30.  1875 ; 
graduate  of  Bryn  Mawr.  A.  B..  1897;  mar- 
ried .August  31.  1904.  William  Hemans  Smith, 
graduate  of  Harvard  University.  A.  M.;  now 
principal  of  Elmwood  School.  East  Orange. 
New  Jersey.  Children :  Delia  Nichols  Smith, 
born  August  10.  -1905:  Margaret  Hemans 
Smith.  May  14.  1907;  \Villiam  Shepard  Smith. 
April  II.  1909.  3.  Henry  James,  born  ]\Iay 
21.  1877;  graduate  of  Yale  University.  A.  B.. 
and  of  the  University  of  Pennsylvania  Medical 
School.  M.  D. ;  served  in  the  field  in  the  Philip- 
pines as  surgeon  from  1906  to  1909.  and  is 
now  instructor  in  the  Army  Medical  School, 
at  Washington.  D.  C.,  and  captain  in  the  Med- 
ical Corps  ;  married,  September  21,  1910,  Grace 
Gundry,  of  Baltimore,  Maryland.  4.  Content 
Shepard,  born  February  3,  1879;  graduate  of 
Bryn  Mawr  College,  A.  B.,  1899:  A.  M..  1900; 
unmarried.  5.  James  Knight,  born  March  28, 
1881  ;  graduate  of  Yale  University,  A.  M., 
1903,  then  served  two  years  on  the  editorial 
staff  of  the  Hartford  Courant.  after  which  he 
entered  Harvard  Law  School,  from  which  he 

s.  9.  jyiMh 


graduated  in  1Q08;  was  admitted  to  the  bar  in 
September,  1908,  and  is  practicing  law  in 
baniton.  New  York. 

(The  Briggs  Line). 

( 1  )  Jolin  Briggs,  immigrant  ancestor,  was 
born  in  England,  and  was  an  early  pioneer  and 
settler  of  Newport,  Rhode  Island.  He  was 
admitted  a  freeman,  October  I.  1O38;  was  liv- 
ing at  Portsmouth,  April  30,  1639,  and  in  1642. 
He  was  admitted  a  freeman  at  A([uitlnet,  Octo- 
ber I,  1640.  He  was  appointed  on  the  com- 
mittee to  build  a  prison  at  Portsmouth,  in 
1655  ;  was  an  assistant  in  1648,  and  a  commis- 
sioner for  the  purpose  of  effecting  the  union 
of  the  four  towns  of  Providence  Plantation, 
August  31,  1654.  Children:  John,  mentioned 
below  :  Thomas  ;  Susan,  married North- 
way  ;  Enoch ;  Job. 

(H)  John  (2),  son  of  John  (i)  P>riggs, 
married  Hannah  h'isher,  of  Portsmouth,  Rhode 
Island.  Children:  Edward,  John,  Job,  Will- 
iam, mentioned  below. 

(Ill)  William,  son  of  John  (2)  Briggs,  was 
born  in  Rhode  Island,  about  1645,  died  May, 
1716.  He  married  (first),  November  30,  1665, 
Sarah  Macomber,  who  died  March  20,  1680- 

81.     He  married   (second)    Elizabeth , 

born  1653,  died  .\ugust,  1716.  He  settled  at 
Taunton.  Children  of  first  wife,  born  at  Taun- 
ton :  William,  January  26,  i667-<)8;  Thomas 
(twin),  September  9,  1669;  Sarah  (twin); 
Elizabeth,  March  14,  1671  :  Hannah,  Novem- 
ber 4,  1672;  Mary,  August  14,  1674;  Mathew, 
February  5,  1676-77;  Amos,  about  1678,  men- 
tioned below  ;  John,  March  19,  1(180.  Children 
of  second  wife:  Susan,  April  9,  1682;  John, 
November  13,  1685,  died  January  21,  1712; 
William,  January  II,  1688;  Elizabeth,  Decem- 
ber 2~.  1(389;  Thomas  (twin),  September  5, 
1693,  died  March  2},.  171^);  Deborah  (twin); 
Job,  August  3,  1696. 

(I\')  Amos,  son  of  William  P.riggs,  was 
born  about  1(178.  He  resided  in  Berkley.  He 
married,  January  2,  1706,  at  Taunton,  Sarah 
Pain,  who  is  mentioned  an  heir  in  the  will  of 
Ral])h  Pain,  .\pril  2},.  \'/22.  She  was  a  daugh- 
ter of  Ralph  and  Dorothy  Pain.  Amos  Briggs 
resided  also  at  Freetown,  Massachusetts,  and 
died  at  Berkley.  His  will  was  dated  March 
14,  1753,  proved  May  6,  1760.  Children: 
Mercy,  Jime,  26,  1707;  Sarah,  June  16,  1709; 
Mary,  May  i,  1711  ;  Hannah,  November  5, 
1712  ;  Amos,  February  6,  1715  ;  Thomas,  Janu- 
ary 20,  1717,  mentioned  below;  Abigail,  June 

-?•  1719;  John.  September  18,  1721  ;  Nathan- 
iel. December  18,  1724;  Nathan,  May  10,  1727. 
(V)  Thomas,  son  of  x-\mos  Briggs,  was 
born  in  Freetown,  January  20,  1717,  died  No- 
vember 10,  1779.  He  married  Thankful  Ax- 
tell,  born  December  8,  1725,  daughter  of  Dan- 
iel Axtell.  Daniel  Axtell  was  born  November 
4,  1673,  ^'^''1  '"  January,  1735;  married.  May 
12,  1702,  Thankful,  daughter  of  Elder  William 
Pratt,  of  Dorchester,  Massachusetts,  and  South 
Carolina.  Daniel  Axtell  went  to  South  Caro- 
lina and  lived  there  until  1707,  and  became  a 
large  lantlowner  in  Berkley,  Massachusetts, 
then  a  part  of  Dighton  and  Taunton.  Lady 
A.xtell,  widow  of  Landgrave  Daniel  Axtell,  of 
South  Carolina,  mentions  him  in  her  will.  Chil- 
dren of  Daniel  and  Thankful  Axtell :  Eliza- 
beth, born  April  28,  1703  ;  Daniel,  October  24, 
1706;  Rebecca,  November  22.  1708;  Hannah, 
April  ID,  1710;  William,  April  13,  1713:  Henry. 
June  24,  1715;  Samuel,  October  25,  1717; 
Ebenezer,  March  24,  1724:  Thankful,  men- 
tioned above;  Thomas.  September  15,  1727. 
Henry  Axtell,  father  of  Daniel  Axtell,  was 
born  in' England,  in  1641,  and  took  up  land 
with  the  first  proprietors  of  Marlborough. 
Massachusetts,  in  i6fio;  married.  June  14, 
1665,  Hannah  Merriam.  He  was  killed  bv  the 
Indians  early  in  i67().  His  widow  married. 
July  5,  if)77.  Will  Taylor.  Children  of  Henry 
and  Hannah  A.xtell:  Samuel,  born  March  27, 
i66(5;  Hannah,  November  18,  1667;  Mary, 
.\ugust  8,  1670;  Thomas,  .\pril  16.  1672;  Dan- 
iel, mentioned  above;  Sarah,  September  18, 
1675.  Thomas  Axtell,  father  of  Henry  Axtell, 
was  the  immigrant  from  liarkhamstead,  Hert- 
fordshire, England.  The  earliest  appearance 
of  the  name  discovered  in  the  records  is  dated 
1535,  when  John  Axstyl's  name  is  found  in  a 
conveyance  of  property  at  Gatesden,  Hertford- 
shire. At  St.  Peter's  Church,  f>arkhamstead, 
John  Axtell,  son  of  John,  was  baptized  in 
1539.  and  W'illiam.  son  of  John,  1541.  Nine 
children  of  William  Axtell  were  baptized  be- 
tween 1614  and  1628.  Thomas  was  baptized 
January  26,  1(119,  and  was  brother  of  Daniel, 
born  1622,  colonel  in  Cromwell's  army,  who 
was  put  to  death  in  1660,  after  the  Restora- 
tion. Mary,  daughter  of  Thomas  Axtell,  was 
baptized  in  Barkhamstead,  September  25,  1639, 
and  Henry,  mentioned  above,  October  15,  1641. 
The  family  then  came  to  Sudbury,  Massachu- 
setts. Thomas,  the  immigrant,  died  there  in 
July,  1646.  His  widow  married  (second), 
September  19,  i^S^^,  John  G(X>dnow. 


(V'l)  Abiel,  son  of  Thomas  Briggs,  was 
born  about  1750.  He  married,  at  IJerkley 
(intention  dated  December  9,  1775).  Dyer 
Paul  (see  Paul  III).  Their  daughter.  Fidelia 
Briggs,  born  about  1777,  married  Abiel  Nichols 
(see  Nichols  IIP). 

(The  Paul  Line). 

(I)  William  Paul,  immigrant  ancestor,  was 
born  in  England,  about  1624.  He  left  Grave- 
send,  England,  in  1635,  on  the  "Truelove  de 
London."  and  settled  in  Taunton,  1637.  In 
company  with  several  others,  he  purchased 
land  in  what  was  known  as  South  Purchase, 
in  the  town  of  Dighton,  in  1672,  and  had  lots 
3,  28,  45  and  85.  He  later  deeded  these  lots, 
together  with  his  house,  to  his  sons,  John  and 
Edward,  February  27,  1687.  He  was  a  weaver 
by  trade,  which  he  followed  most  of  his  life, 
and  died  at  Taunton,  Massachusetts,  Novem- 
ber 9,  1704,  aged  eighty  years.  He  married 
Mary,  born  1639,  died  October  3,  171 5,  daugh- 
ter of  John  Richmond.  Children  :  James,  born 
at  Taunton,  April  7,  1657  ;  John,  July  10, 1660; 
Edward,  February  7,  1664;  Mary,  February 
8,  1667;  Sarah,  July  5,  1668;  Abigail,  May  13, 
1673;  Ebenezer;  Benjamin,  mentioned  below. 

(II)  Benjamin,  son  of  William  Paul,  was 
born  in  Taunton,  in  1681,  died  at  Berkley. 
January  12.  1757  (gravestone).  He  was  well 
educated  and  taught  school ;  was  selectman  of 
Berkley,  1740-42.  Pie  had  a  son  Benjamin, 
mentioned  below. 

(III)  Benjamin  (2),  son  of  Benjamin  (i) 
Paul,  was  born  August  7,  1705,  died  January 
25.  1789.  He  settled  at  Berkley,  formerly 
part  of  Taunton.  He  married  Anne  Staples, 
who  died  November  2,  1778,  aged  seventy- 
two.  He  joined  the  Berkley  church  in  1737. 
They  had  four  sons  and  six  daughters.  Among 
their  children  were:  Benjamin,  who  died  May 
5,  1S38,  at  Berkley,  aged  eighty-six;  Seth, 
born  October  i,  1741,  at  Taunton,  removed  to 
Westmoreland,  New  Hampshire,  and  thence 
to  South  Barnard,  married,  December  8,  1765, 
Freelove  French,  daughter  of  Captain  Samuel 
and  Freelove  (Andrews)  French  ;  Dyer,  men- 
tioned below;  Benjamin  Paul,  died  at  South 
Barnard,  Vermont.  .August  21,   1825. 

Dyer,  daughter  of  Benjamin  Paul,  married, 
December  9,  ,7.5.  Abie,   B„g,s   ,s« 

(The  Hastings  Line). 

The  name  Blastings  is  older  than  the  Nor- 
man  Conquest   in    England.      It   was   spelled 

Hastang  also.  The  castle  and  seaport  of  Hast- 
ing were  owned  by  the  family  that  adopted 
the  surname  as  early  as  911,  before  the  Nor- 
mans were  in  Gaul.  There  was  a  Danish 
pirate,  not  of  this  family  perhaps,  who  was  a 
formidable  foe  of  the  Saxons  occupying  a  part 
of  Sussex.  In  nearly  every  county  of  England 
the  family  has  established  itself.  Branches 
bearing  coats-of-arms  are  found  in  .\gmon- 
disliam,  Buckshire :  in  Dorsetshire  and  Lei- 
cestershire: in  Cambridgeshire;  in  Gloucester- 
shire and  Derbyshire;  in  Ireland;  at  Billesby, 
Lincolnshire;  at  Hinton,  Northamptonshire; 
vin  Nottinghamshire  and  Northumberland;  in 
Staffordshire;  Yorkshire;  Oxfordshire,  and 
Scotland.  Of  the  numerous  coats-of-arms  the 
American  branch  claims  the  following :  A 
maunch  sable.  Crest :  A  buffalo's  head  erased 
sable,  crowned  and  gorged  with  a  ducal  coro- 
net and  armed  or.  Supporters :  Two  man- 
tigers  affrontee  or,  their  visages  resembling  the 
human  face  proper.  Motto  :  In  virtute  victoria. 
Also :  Honorantes  me  honorabo. 

(I)  Deacon  Thomas  Hastings,  immigrant 
ancestor,  was  born  in  England,  in  1605.  Thomas, 
aged  twenty-nine,  and  his  wife  Susanna,  aged 
thirty-four,  embarked  at  Ipswich,  England, 
April  10,  1634,  in  the  ship  '"Elizabeth,"  Will- 
iam Andrews,  master,  for  New  England.  He 
settled  at  Watertown,  Massachusetts,  where 
he  was  admitted  a  freeman.  May  6,  1635.  He 
owned  land  in  Dedhani,  but  never  lived  there. 
He  was  selectman,  1638-43-50-71  ;  town  clerk. 
1671-77-80;  deputy  to  the  general  court  in 
1673,  and  long  held  the  office  of  deacon.  His 
wife  Susanna  died  February  2,  1650,  and  he 
married  (second), 'in  April,  1651,  Margaret, 
daughter  of  William  and  Martha  Cheney,  of 
Roxbury.  He  died  in  1685.  His  will  was 
dated  March  12,  1682-83,  and  proved  Septem- 
ber 7,  1685.  The  inventory  amounted  to  four 
himdred  and  twenty-one  pounds.  Children : 
Thomas,  born  July  i,  1652,  mentioned  below: 
John,  March  i,  1654;  William,  August  8, 
1655,  drowned  August,  1669;  Joseph,  Septem- 
ber II,  1657;  Benjamin,  August  9,  1659;  Na- 
thaniel, September  25,  1661  ;  Hepsibah,  Janu- 
ary 31,  1663;  Samuel,  March  12,  1665. 

(II)  Dr.  Thomas  (2)  Hastings,  son  of  Dea- 
con Thomas  ( i)  Hastings,  was  born  in  Water- 
town,  July  I,  1652,  died  at  Platfield,  Massa- 
chusetts, July  23,  1712.  He  was  admitted  a 
freeman,  February  8,  1678.  He  studied  medi- 
cine and  settled  in  Hatfield,  praticing  also  in 
Northampton,  Hadley  and  Deerfield,  and  was 


for  many  years  the  only  physician  in  those 
towns.  He  was  also  the  first  school  teacher  in 
Hatfield.  A  remarkable  thing  about  Dr.  Hast- 
ings' school  was  that  girls  were  admitted  on 
the  same  footing  as  boys.  Elsewhere  in  New 
England,  until  after  the  Revolution,  girls  were 
not  taught  in  the  public  schools.  It  was  1789 
before  Boston  schools  were  open  to  both  aexes 
and  not  until  1802  in  Northampton.  Dr.  Hast- 
ings married  (first),  October  10,  1672,  Anna, 
daughter  of  John  Hawks,  of  Hadley.  She 
died  October  25,  1705,  and  he  married  (sec- 
ond). February  14,  1706,  Mary,  daughter  of 
David  Burt,  of  Northampton.  She  died  April 
13,  1734.  Children  of  first  wife:  Hannah, 
January  19,  1677;  Thomas,  September  24, 
i()7g,  mentioned  below;  Hepsibah,  April  (1, 
1682;  Alehitable,  June  2^.  1684:  John,  at  Hat- 
field, September  18.  1689. 

(IH)  Dr.  Thomas  (3)  Hastings,  son  of  Dr. 
Thomas  (2)  Hastings,  was  born  at  Hatfield, 
September  24,  1679,  died  April  14,  1728.  He 
was  also  schix)l  teacher  and  physician  in  the 
field  that  his  father  occupied  before  him.  He 
was  taken  ill  in  Boston  while  on  a  visit,  re- 
turned to  his  home,  and  told  his  wife  that  he 
should  die  April  14,  1728,  which  prediction 
was  fulfilled.  He  died  a  comparatively  young 
man.  He  was  thought  to  have  been  a  victim 
of  slow  poison.  A  quaint  tinpoetical  but  flat- 
tering eulogy  and  an  acrostic  to  his  memory 
were  written  at  the  time  of  his  death  by  Jo- 
sephus  Nash.  A  record  of  a  surgical  case  of 
note  is  preserved  in  Rev.  John  Williams's 
■'History  of  Captivity  and  Deliverance"  ( .App. 
31.  Dr.  Hastings  married.  March  6,  1701. 
Mary,  daughter  of  John  and  Mary  Field,  born 
February  20.  1680,  died  November  9,  1764. 
Children:  Mary,  born  December  29,  1701, 
died  January  10.  1702;  Thomas,  November  6, 
1702,  died  November  4,  1703:  Mary.  July  26, 
1704:  Anna,  October  13,  1706:  Dorothy.  July 
27,  1709,  died  July  29,  171 1  :  Thomas,  May  3, 
1713,  died  voung ;  Waitstill,  June  3,  1714. 
mentioned  below;  Tabitha,  October  6,  171 3; 
Hopestill,  April  13,  1718;  Dorothy,  March  20, 
1720,  died  April  6,  1720;  Lucy,  February  i, 

(IV)  Dr.  \\'aitstill  Hastings,  son  of  Dr. 
Thomas  (3)  Hastings,  was  born  June  3.  1714, 
died  April  22,  1748.  He  settled  in  Hatfield, 
Massachusetts,  and  there  has  been  of  this  fam- 
ily a  physician  in  that  town  ever  since,  except 
during  the  time  after  his  death  and  the  gradu- 
ation of  his  grandson.  Dr.  John  Hastings.   He 

married,  in  1737,  Abigail  Mar>h.  She  married 
(second),  April  10,  1731.  Colonel  John  Eulke- 
ley,  of  Colchester,  Connecticut,  lawyer,  judge 
of  the  superior  court,  and  had  Charles  Bulke- 
ley,  born  May  22,  1732;  Colonel  John  Bulke- 
ley,  July  25.  1753.  She  married  (third),  No- 
vember 3,  1753,  Rev.  Ephraim  Little,  of  Col- 
chester, and  had  several  children.  Children 
of  Dr.  Waitstill  Hastings :  John,  mentioned 
below;  xA.bigail,  born  February  28,  1739;  Han- 
nah Barnard,  March  16,  1742;  Mary,  January 
10,  1744;  Samuel,  March  14,  1747,  died  young. 

(\')  John,  son  of  Dr.  Waitstill  Hastings, 
was  born  at  Hatfield,  January  10,  1738,  died 
December  6,  181 1.  He  was  a  magistrate  in 
Hatfield  for  thirty-four  years;  representative 
to  the  general  court  and  state  senator  twenty- 
eight  years  ;  the  foremost  citizen  of  the  town 
for  many  years.  He  married,  November  29, 
1763,  Content  Little,  born  August  10,  1740. 
died  .April  9,  1829.  Children,  born  at  Hat- 
field :  John  Jr.,  born  October  7,  1764;  Content, 
September  14,  1766;  Mary,  January  i,  1769; 
^^'aitstill,  May  14  or  19,  1771  ;  Elizabeth. 
March  7  or  8,  1773;  Abigail,  May  7,  1773: 
Samuel,  March  30,  1777;  Ephraim,  mentioned 
below;  Son,  born  April  K),  1783;  Justin,  Feb- 
ruary 14.  1786. 

(\'I)  Ephraim,  son  of  John  Hastings,  was 
born  at  Hatfield,  November  16,  1780.  He 
married,  December  24,  180(1,  Lucy,  daughter 
of  (General  William  and  Sarah  ( Dewey)  Shep- 
ard,  of  Westfield.  She  was  born  December 
13,  1778,  died  in  Heath,  March  3,  1833.  Her 
father  was  captain  in  the  French  and  Indian 
war,  and  was  general  in  the  Revolution,  in 
which  he  fought  in  twenty-two  battles,  being 
wounded  but  once,  then  in  the  neck.  At 
Shay's  insurrection  he  commanded  the  forces 
on  Springfield  Hill.  General  Lafayette  pre- 
sented him  with  a  dress  sword  which  is  now 
in  possession  of  the  family.  General  Shep- 
ard's  wife,  Sarah  Dewey,  whom  he  married 
January  31,  1760,  was  of  remarkable  ability 
for  management,  and  during  his  absence  ran 
the  farm  as  well  as  the  house.  General  Shep- 
ard  was  born  November  30,  1739,  died  No- 
vember 16,  1817.  Children:  William  Shepard, 
born  March  K),  1761,  died  July  13,  1823; 
Turner,  September  16,  1762.  died  July  8,  1796; 
Charles,  September  27.  1764.  died  May  11, 
1813;  Sally,  February  17,  1767,  died  April  3. 
1847;  Noah,  February  20,  1769;  Nancy,  Octo- 
ber 25,  1771,  died  February  17.  1802;  Ware- 
ham.  December  29,  1773;  Lucy,  December  13, 


1778.  died  March  5,   1833,  married  Epliraim 

Ephraim  Hastings  went  from  Hatfield  to 
Heath  abont  1805,  and  in  May,  1848,  removed 
to  Nashua,  New  Hampshire,  where  he  had 
bought  a  large  piece  of  land.  His  daughter 
Margaret  and  her  husband  made  a  home  for 
him.  He  died  November  24,  1861,  aged  eighty- 
one.  In  181 1  he  was  chosen  first  representa- 
tive for  Heath  and  continued  as  representative 
almost  constantly  until  1834,  when  he  was 
chosen  senator,  and  two  years  later  member 
of  the  council.  He  was  most  of  the  time 
selectman  or  assessor  for  Heath.  Children : 
Twins,  born  and  died  January  18,  1813;  Jane, 
born  and  died  February  8,  1815;  Nancy,  bom 
.April  21,  1816;  Sarah  Jane,  March  15,  1818; 
married  James  Nichols  (see  Nichols  IV); 
Margaret;  Nancy  S.,  December  28,  1820.  died 
March  13,  1847. 

The  DeWitt  family,  mentioned 
DeW'ITT  in  the  following  sketch,  is  de- 
scended from  Claes  DeVVitt,  of 
Grootholt,  in  Sunderlant,  Holland.  The  Sun- 
derlant.  or  as  it  was  more  frequently  called, 
"The  Sauerland  or  Surland,"  was  the  most 
southerly  of  the  three  natural  divisions  of  the 
old  Dutchy  of  Westphalia,  and  is  described  as 
"consisting  of  hills  and  vales,  and  having  fine 
w(X)ds  and  meadows,  suited  for  grazing  and 
the  dairy."  In  those  respects  it  was  distin- 
guished from  the  other  two  divisions,  which 
were  more  productive  of  the  cereals.  Groot- 
holt is  situated  a  little  east  of  the  river  Rhine, 
between  the  Li]ipe  and  the  Imster,  and  not  far 
from  the  manufacturing  town  of  Essen. 

DeWitt  is  one  of  the  very  few  Dutch- 
.American  names  which  were  illustrious  in  the 
Fatherland.  The  grand  pensionary,  John  De- 
Witt,  administered  the  government  of  Holland 
from  1652  to  1672.  He  and  his  brother  Cor- 
nelius, who  also  held  important  positions  in 
civil  and  military  life,  were  killed  by  a  mob 
at  the  Hague,  after  years  of  faithful  service  to 
their  country.  They  had  incurred  the  hostility 
of  the  monarchical  party. 

In  the  Royal  Library,  at  the  Hague,  in  Hol- 
land, "The  Geschlacten  Von  Dordrecht"  gives 
the  descent  of  the  family  in  an  unbroken  line 
from  the  year  1295  to  September  8,  1639. 
After  the  death  of  John,  of  Rarneveldt,  Jacob 
DeW^itt  became  "Land  Advocate  of  Holland." 
John  }r.  became  "Grand  Pensionary  of  Hol- 

The  "History  of  Ulster  County"  (by  Syl- 
vester), pp.  298-99,  says:  "Among  the  many 
old  Holland  families,  who  about  the  middle  of 
the  seventeenth  century  sought  the  shores  of 
the  New  World,  none  has  been  more  distin- 
guished in  social  and  political  life,  none  has 
numbered  in  their  ranks  more  noted  men  than 
the  DeWitts." 

They  were  natives  of  Dordrecht,  one  of  the 
old  burgher  towns  of  Holland,  and  in  later 
years  dear  to  theology  as  the  meeting  of  the 
Synod  of  Dort.  After  the  death  of  John,  of 
I'arneveldt,  Jacob  DeWitt  succeeded  to  the 
high  honors  of  "Land  .Advocate  of  Holland," 
his  son  Cornelius,  the  burghermaster  of  Dord- 
recht, at  the  head  of  a  Dutch  fleet  with  a 
staunch  Dutch  admiral  to  do  his  bidding,  sailed 
up  the  Thames  river,  burning  the  English  ships 
and  sending  consternation  into  the  very  heart 
of  London. 

Another  son,  John  DeWitt,  one  of  the  most 
distinguished  men  in  the  history  of  the  Nether- 
lands, became  "Grand  Pensionary  of  Holland," 
during  the  period  of  the  separation  of  Spain 
and  the  opening  of  the  "Thirty  Years  War," 
a  position  which  at  that  time  required  the 
most  consummate  ability  and  statesmanship. 
Through  his  guidance  Holland  became  a  power 
among  the  nations  of  Europe.  Cieddes,  in  his 
recent  valuable  work,  "The  History  of  the 
.Administration  of  John  DeWitt,  Grand  Pen- 
sionary of  Holland,"  says  of  him:  "He  was 
head  and  shoulders  above  nearly  all  of  the 
notable  men  of  his  time  and  one,  moreover,  on 
whose  public  virtue  there  was  hardly  a  blemish 
or  spot." 

The  coat-of-arms  of  the  DeWitt  family  con- 
sists of  the  hare  and  hounds  upon  a  shield, 
beneath  which  is  a  scroll  and  the  words  "Fortis 
et  Fidus." 

Tjerck  Claes  DeWitt  was  the  kinsman  of 
John  and  Cornelius  DeWitt  and  came  to  this 
coimtry  from  Zunderland  about  the  middle  of 
the  seventeenth  century.  A  history  of  John 
DeWitt,  and  incidently  his  brother  Cornelius, 
issued  in  1885,  by  Pontalis.  shows  the  political 
situation  in  Holland,  during  the  time  of  the 
grand  pensionary. 

(I)  Tjerck  Claeszn  DeWitt,  son  of  Claes 
DeWitt,  immigrant  ancestor  of  the  family  in 
this  country,  first  appears  in  the  records  of 
New  Amsterdam  in  1656,  when  he  married, 
according  to  the  records  of  the  old  Dutch 
Reformed  Church,  P.arbara  Andriessen,  who 
came  from  Amsterdam,  Holland.     He  resided 


in  New  Amsterdam  until  1657,  when  he  re- 
moved to  Alban}-,  and  he  finally  located,  in 
1661,  at  Wiltwyck  (now  Kingston),  Ulster 
county.  New  York,  where  he  resided  until  he 
(lied,  February  17,  1700.  His  widow,  Barbara, 
died  July  6,  1714.  In  1667,  when  the  British 
sent  Captain  Broadhead  and  thirteen  soldiers 
to  take  possession  of  Kingston,  DeWitt  was 
one  of  those  who  opposed  British  occupation 
and  among  the  complaints  made  afterward  by 
the  l)urghers  was  the  following:  "Captain 
Broadhead  has  beaten  Tj crick  Claeszen  De- 
Witt  without  reason  and  brought  him  to  prison. 
Ye  reason  why  Capy.  Broadhead  abused  Tje- 
rick  DeWitt  was  because  he  would  keep  Christ- 
mas day  on  ye  day  according  to  ye  Dutch  and 
not  on  ye  day  according  to  ye  English  observa- 
tion." The  remonstrance  of  the  burghers  sent 
to  the  governor  against  the  imprisonment  of 
Tarentson  Slight,  was  signed  among  others  by 
DeWitt.  He  was  granted  leave,  April  8.  i6()q. 
to  build  a  house,  barn  and  stables  on  land  be- 
tween Kingston  and  Hurley.  He  appears  to 
have  been  well-to-do  and  brought  servants  with 
him  to  Kingston.  Complaint  was  made  by  an 
Indian  before  the  court  that  DeWitt  had  re- 
fused to  pay  wages  due  and  the  court  appears 
to  have  taken  a  rather  absurd  snap  judgment, 
ordering  DeWitt's  banishment  and  fining  him 
six  hundred  guilders,  i'pon  appeal,  the  cjrder 
of  banishment  was  rescinded  and  the  fine  re- 
mitted, and  DeWitt  was  ordered,  instead,  to 
pay  a  reasonable  sum  for  his  services  to  the 
complaining  Indian — about  eighty  cents.  De- 
Witt  was  granted  the  right  to  occupy  a  mill 
site  about  five  miles  from  Kingston  and  to 
erect  and  operate  a  mill  there  and  a  tract  of 
seventy  acres  a  mile  farther  distant,  known  as 
"Dead  Men's  Bones,"  was  addetl  for  his  sub- 

The  old  one-story  stone  dwelling  on  the 
road  from  Kingston  to  Hurley  is  probably  the 
site  of  the  house  erected  by  Tjerck  Claeszn 
DeWitt,  in  1669,  in  pursuance  of  the  license 
above  mentioned. 

This  property,  with  the  adjoining  estate,  re- 
mained, in  1872,  in  possession  of  his  descend- 
ants. The  owners,  in  the  year  last  mentioned, 
were  the  two  daughters  of  Isaac  DeWitt,  who 
succeeded  to  the  estate  in  1826,  through  a 
series  of  devises  and  inheritances. 

The  records  of  Ulster  county  also  show  that 
Tjerck  Claeszn  DeWitt  owned  negro  slaves, 
and  also  ]30ssessed  two  sloops  which  j)lied 
upon  the  waters  of  the  Hudson,  and  along  the 

Atlantic  coast,  carrying  on  trade  at  various 
])oints.  They  also  show  that  he  sold  one  of 
the  sloops,  named  "Ye  St.  Barbara,"  to  Cap- 
tain Daniel  Hobart,  a  mariner  of  the  Island  of 
Barbadoes,  to  be  taken  to  that  island  for  com- 
mercial trade.  When  Tjerck  Claeszn  DeWitt 
died,  he  left  large  bodies  of  real  estate  in  and 
about  the  city  of  Kingston,  and  had  about 
$8,000  in  personal  property. 

When  the  English  required  the  oath  of 
allegiance  to  be  taken  by  heads  of  families  in 
1668,  he  was  one  of  the  few  who  refused  to 
submit.  In  the  roll  of  heads  of  families  in 
Ulster  county,  in  1689,  his  name  is  not  given, 
nor  is  that  of  his  son  Andrew,  but  Tjerck  C. 
was  living  at  that  time,  as  shown  by  the  fact 
that  he  was  a  witness  at  a  baptism  of  a  grand- 
child in  December,  1700.  He  was  also  evi- 
dently possessed  of  some  Dutch  stubbornness. 
Of  his  descendants  nearly  a  hundred  served  in 
the  Revolutionary  army.  Children:  i.Andries, 
mentioned  below.  2.  Tjaatje,  born  about  1659, 
in  Albany;  married,  in  1677,  Matthys  Mat- 
thysen  Van  Kensen  ;  she  was  captured  by  In- 
dians at  the  burning  of  Kingston  in  1663,  but 
afterward  rescued.  3.  Jannetje,  baptized  Feb- 
ruary 12,  1662,  died  1744:  married  Cornelis 
Switz.  4.  Klaes,  baptized  February  17,  1664, 
died  before  1698.  5.  Jan,  baiitized  February 
14,  i6f)6,  died  before  April  12,  1715;  married 
Wyntje  Kiersted.  6.  Geertruy,  baptized  Octo- 
ber 15.  1668:  married,  March  24,  1688,  Hend- 
rick  Hendrickson  Schoonmaker.  7.  Jacob,  mar- 
ried Grietje  Vernooy.  8.  Rachel,  married  Cor- 
nelis Bogardus.  9.  Lucas,  married,  December 
22,  ifx)5,  Annatje  Delva.  10.  Peek,  married 
(first),  January  2,  1698,  Maritje  Jense  V^an- 
derberg;  (second),  December  21,  1723,  Maria 
Tennis,  widow  of  Jacob  DeMott.  11.  Tjerck. 
12.  Marritje,  married  (first),  November  3, 
1700,  Hendrick  Hendrickson  Kortright ;  (sec- 
ond), September  6,  1702,  Jan  Wacklin.  13. 
Aaggje,  baptized  January  14,  1684;  married, 
August  2T,.   17 1 2,  Jan   Pawling. 

(II)  Andries,  son  of  Tjerck  Claeszn  De- 
Witt,  was  born  in  New  Amsterdam  in  the 
early  part  of  1657.  He  married,  March  9, 
1682,  Jannetje  Egbertson,  baptized  January 
II,  1664,  died  November  23,  1710,  daughter  of 
Egbert  Meindertse  and  Jaepje  Jans.  He  lived 
for  some  time  on  a  farm  at  Alarbletown,  given 
him  by  his  father,  but  afterward  removed  to  a 
farm  on  which  he  settled,  located  about  a  mile 
southwest  from  Kingston,  on  the  road  to  Hur- 
ley.    From  an  old  Dutch  Bible,  still  preserved 


at  Kingston,  we  learn  that  on  July  22,  1710. 
"Captain  Andries  DeWitt  departed  this  life 
in  a  sorrowful  way;  through  the  breaking  of 
two  sleepers  (beams),  he  was  pressed  down 
and  very  much  bruised  ;  he  spoke  a  few  words 
and  died."  He  was  buried  in  the  old  church- 
yard of  the  Kingston  church,  his  grave  being 
marked  with  a  flat  stone,  fastened  with  iron 
bands  to  a  red  cedar  post ;  both  are  still  stand- 
ing, as  placed  in  1710.  Children:  i.  Tjerck, 
baptized  January  12,  1683,  died  August  30, 
1762:  married  (first),  January  18,  1708,  Anne 
Pawling:  (second),  October  17,  1739,  Deborah 
Schoonmaker.  2.  Jacob,  baptized  September 
28,  1684.  died  in  infancy.  3.  Barbara,  bap- 
tized August  22,  1686,  died  in  infancy.  4. 
Vlaes,  baptized  April  30.  1688,  died  in  infancy. 

5.  Barbara,  born  October  30,  1689,  died  No- 
vember I.  1715;  married,  March  25,  1715. 
Johannes  Van  Leuven.  6.  Jacob,  mentioned 
l)el()w.  7.  Alana,  born  January  21,  1(593;  n:ar- 
ried,  October  30,  1713,  Jan  Roosa  Jr.  8. 
Helena,  December  7,  1695  ;  married,  June  6, 
1719,  Jacob  Switz.  9.  Andries,  April  i,  1697, 
died  July  2,  1701.  10.  Egbert,  March  18.  1699: 
married,  November  4,  1726,  Mary  Notting- 
ham ;  their  daughter  Mary  married  Cieneral 
James  Clinton  and  became  the  mother  of  Gov- 
ernor DeWitt  Clinton,  of  New  York.  11. 
Johannes,  March  26,  1701  ;  married,  June  27, 
1724,  Mary  Broadhead.  12.  Andries,  bap- 
tized February  20,  1704,  died  in  1764;  mar- 
ried, December  3,  1731.  Bredjen  Nottingham. 

(HI)  Jacob,  son  of  Andries  DeWitt,  was 
born  December  30,  1691  :  married,  May  9, 
1731,  Heyltje  Van  Kampen.  baptized  October 

6,  1700,  daughter  of  Jan  Van  Kampen  and 
Tjaatje  Janse  Decker.  Children:  i.  Child, 
born  probably  in  1732,  but  the  parish  records 
of  that  time  are  lost.  2.  Johannes,  baptized 
September  22,  1734.  3.  Jacob  J.,  mentioned 
below.  4.  Elizabeth,  baptized  September  25, 
1738.     5.  Maria,  baptized  October  5,  1740. 

(IV)  Jacob  J.,  son  of  Jacob  De^\'itt,  was 
baptized  at  Rhinebeck  Flats  (then  regarded  as 
within  "Nieu  Englant"),  August  22,  1736; 
married,  ]\Iarch  30,  1758,  Leah  Kortwright. 
Children:  i.  Heyltje,  baptized  November  22, 
1759;  married  Uriah  Masterson.  2.  Moses, 
mentioned  below.  3.  Bodewyn,  baptized  Janu- 
ary 8.  1764,  died  before  1797.  4.  Mary,  bap- 
tized May  28,  1766.  5.  Jacob.  6.  Samuel,  bap- 
tized August  27,  1772.  7.  Margaret.  8.  Sev- 
eryn,  born  February,  1781. 

(V)  Moses,  son  of  Jacob  J.   DeWitt,  was 

born  October  23,  1761,  died  December  8,  1842. 
He  married  Margaret  Wilson,  who  died  May 
19,  1845.  She  was  a  daughter  of  Richard 
Wilson.  Children :  Hiram,  born  November  9, 
1783:  Olive,  January  7,  1785;  Jezereel,  men- 
tioned below;  Tjerck,  April  19,  1788;  Evi, 
June  II,  1789;  Moses,  September  i,  1790; 
Mary,  April  20,  1792;  Aaron,  June  24,  1793; 
Elizabeth,  January  20,  1796;  ]\Iargaret,  Octo- 
ber 13,  1797;  John,  January  18,  1799;  Naomi, 
March  23,  1801 ;  Jacob,  November  27,  1804; 
Catherine.  March  23,  1806. 

The  history  of  Sussex  and  Warren  counties 
says  that  Moses  DeW'itt  came  to  Wantage 
township.  New  Jersey,  and  that  he  held  the 
office  of  ca])tain  in  the  revolutionary  war. 
The  Nc-Ki  Jersey  Herald,  of  Newton,  Sussex 
county,  of  July 7, 1892,  says  of  Moses  DeWitt: 

He  was  at  the  battle  of  Minisink  in  1779.  Dr. 
Wilson  says  several  attempts  to  break  our  lines  had 
failed,  but  just  as  the  lire  began  to  slacken,  one  man, 
who  guarded  the  northeast  angle  of  the  hollow  square, 
and  who  had  kept  up,  from  behind  a  rock,  a  de- 
structive tire  on  every  side,  fell,  and  the  Indian  and 
Tory  crew  broke  in  upon  our  ranks  like  a  resistless 
deluge.  Edsall,  in  his  centennial  address,  claims  this 
man  to  have  been  Moses  DeWitt.  He  escaped  the 
massacre  and  after  the  war  moved  to  Wantage. 

On  the  top  of  one  of  the  highest  mountains 
overlooking  the  Delaware  river,  near  Lacka- 
waxen.  New  York,  a  monument  was  erected 
in  1904,  to  commemorate  the  battle. 

The  Nczi'  York  Tribune,  of  July  17,  com- 
mented upon  the  monument,  and  among  other 
things  said : 

The  battlefield  where  it  stands  is  in  the  town  of 
Highland,  Sullivan  County,  and  is  elevated  above  the 
Delaware  River  about  a  thousand  feet.  The  ticld 
itself  is  a  plateau,  formed  by  a  ledge  of  rock,  which 
is  covered  with  earth  of  a  sufficient  depth  to  support 
shrubbery.  With  an  unobstructed  view  of  the  four 
points  of  the  compass,  its  strategical  value  was  recog- 
nized by  both  whites  and  Indians. 

The  Indians  belonged  to  the  Delaware  tribe,  and 
had  been  harassing  the  whites  in  the  vicinity  of  the 
Minisink  and  Goshen  regions,  in  Orange  County. 
Under  the  leadership  of  the  noted  half-breed.  Brant, 
they  committed  many  depredations.  Colonel  Hathorn 
or.ganized  a  force  of  two  hundred  men  and  started 
in  pursuit  of  the  Indians,  who  retreated.  Colonel 
Hathorn  kept  up  this  pursuit  for  more  than  fifty 
miles,  and  the  forces  met  at  10  o'clock  on  the  morn- 
ing of  July  22,  1779,  on  the  fields  in  the  wilds  of 
what  was  then  Ulster  County,  now  Sullivan.  The 
whites  had  entrenched  thernselves  upon  the  plateau 
and  for  hours  Brant  sought  to  break  through  their 
ranks.  He  had  practically  decided  to  give  up  the 
fight  when  he  learned  that  the  ammunition  of  the 
whites  had  given  out.  The  Indians  then  charged 
upon  the  little  l)and  and  massacred  nearly  all. 


Moses  DeW'itt.  tliough  wounded,  escaped 
from  the  fury  of  the  Indians  and  Tories  by 
descending  the  mountainside  and  swimming 
across  the  Delaware  river  into  Pennsylvania. 
a  short  distance  below  Lackawaxen.  After 
the  war  it  is  said  that  a  large  tract  of  land  in 
Wantage  township.  Sussex  county.  New  Jer- 
sey, was  granted  him  by  the  government,  in 
recognization  of  his  services  in  the  war.  The 
farm  upon  which  he  lived  and  died  is  said  to 
be  still  in  the  possession  of  some  of  the  family. 

A  large  monument  in  memory  of  the  soldiers 
who  fell  at  Minisink  has  been  erected  by  the 
citizens  of  Goshen,  and  still  stands  in  that 

"Old  Ulster."  volume  2.  at  page  333.  in  its 
account  of  the  battle,  says: 

It  was  .sunset.  Brant  was  (liscouraged.  He  was 
just  ordering  a  retreat  when  the  defender  of  the 
northwest  angle  fell.  All  day  he  had  kept  his  post 
which  was  the  key  of  the  position.  His  aim  had 
been  deadly,  and  from  behind  the  rock  which  shel- 
tered him  he  could  not  be  dislodged.  He  is  said  to 
have  been  a  DeW'itt.  but  his  name  does  not  appear 
among  those  inscribed  on  the  Goshen  monument. 
Brant  saw  him  fall  and  rushed  around  the  rock 
where  the  defender  had  stood.  Many  of  the  savages 
followed  and  before  they  could  prevent  it  the  patriots 
were  overpowered.  Their  powder  was  exhausted, 
many  of  the  Americans  were  slain,  and  the  enemy 
was  in  possession. 

The  season  why  Aloses  DeW'itt's  name  did 
not  appear  on  the  monument  at  Goshen  is  be- 
cause that  monument  was  erected  to  the  mem- 
ory of  those  who  died  in  the  battle  and  did 
not  purport  to  commemorate  the  survivors. 

In  the  same  volume  is  a  poem  by  Charles  E. 
Stickney.  entitled  "Minisink."  One  of  its  stan- 
zas refers  to  Captain  Moses  DeWitt,  in  the 
following  language : 

The  sun  to  westward  wheeled  his  blazing  car. 

The  river  rolled  its  flashing  waters  by. 

While  Hathorn's  men  through  heat  and  worse  by  far. 

Dread  thirst,  fought  on  beneath  the  cloudless  sky. 

When  these  at  last  had  dark  despair  brought  nigh, 

DeWitt  fell  wounded — powder  all  was  spent — 

No  chance  was  left  except  to  flee  or  die. 

Yes  flee,  and  leave  their  wounded:  as  they  went. 

Their  cries  for  mercy  with  the  roar  of  battle  blent. 

John  N.  Dolph,  late  superintendent  of  the 
schools  at  Port  Jervis,  New  York,  a  short 
time  before  his  death,  wrote: 

Moses  DeWitt  could  have  been  only  about  18  years 
old  when  he  was  at  the  battle  of  the  Minisink.  I 
have  been  to  the  battle  ground.  It  was  about  one 
mile   and   a   half    easterly    from    Lackawaxen.      The 

whites  were  on  the  summit  of  a  hill.  The  Indians 
had  them  at  a  disadvantage.  They  surrounded  the 
hill.  The  breast-works  which  were  hastily  thrown 
up  by  the  whites  are  now  plainly  visible.  There  is  a 
monument  erected  on  the  battle  ground  to  com- 
memorate the  event.  The  Indians  had  the  white  men 
cut  ofi^  from  all  supply  of  water. 

"Old  Ulster,"  volume  2,  page  334,  has  a  full 
page  portrait  of  this  monument. 

There  has  been  considerable  controversy  in 
the  public  prints  abotit  the  birthplace  of  Gov- 
ernor DeWitt  Clintnn.  some  maintaining  that 
he  was  born  at  the  residence  of  his  grand- 
father. Egbert  DeWitt,  at  Xapanoch,  Ulster 
county,  and  others  urging  that  the  place  of  his 
birth  was  the  residence  of  his  uncle,  David 
Rutsen  DeW'itt,  at  Peenpack,  near  Port  Jervis, 
in  C)range  county. 

"Old  Ulster."  vulume  <<.  page  362.  review- 
ing the  matter,  said  of  David  Rutsen  DeWitt 
and  his  place  of  residence  : 

He  built  the  old  stone  and  frame  house  at  the 
Xeversink  River,  and  a  grist  mill.  .\  fort  was  built 
conti.guous  to  this  house  which  was  termed  "Fort 
DeWitt"  and  was  used  as  a  place  of  refuge  and 
safety  for  women  and  children  during  the  Indian 
wars  which  preceded  and  continued  during  the  years 
of  the  Revolution.  This  Fort  DeWitt  was  located 
near  the  suspension  bridge  which  crossed  the  Never- 
sink  River  leading  from  Port  Jervis  to  Cuddeback- 
ville.  about  one  mile  south  of  Cuddebackville.  The 
small  house  which  stood  in  1889  near  the  then  dwell- 
ing of  Jessie  Tillson  was  on  the  foundation  of  this 

"Eager's  History  of  Orange  County."  pub- 
lished in  1846  and  1847,  states: 

DeWitt  Clinton  was  born  March  2,  1769,  at  Fort 
DeWitt,  at  the  residence  of  Captain  Jacob  DeWitt. 
This  Fort  was  both  a  residence  and  Fort,  being  a 
stone  house  fortified  to  an  extent  to  be  a  protection 
against  the  Indians  who  for  many  years  before  the 
Revolution  were  troublesome  in  that  vicinity,  being 
on  the  outskirts  of  the  white  settlement. 

(AT)  Jezereel,  son  of  Moses  DeW^itt,  was 
born  Septetnber  i,  1786.  He  married  Lucy 
Stoddard,  born  August  2y,  1793,  in  Groton, 
Connecticut.  She  was  the  daughter  of  In- 
crease B.  Stoddard,  who  had  then  removed  to 
the  township  of  Minisink,  Orange  county.  New 
York.  A  portion  of  the  last-named  township, 
containing  his  farm  and  place  of  residence  was 
afterwards  set  off  and  became  part  of  the  town- 
ship of  Waway  wanda.  The  children  of  Jezereel 
and  Lucy  Stoddard  I3e\\'itt  were  as  follows: 
Simion  Stoddard,  born  July  10,  1815,  married 
Sallv   Venov;    Evi,   hereinafter   more   partic- 



ularly  mentioned;  Jezereel,  born  June  5,  1822, 
married  Lucy  Loomis ;  Increase  B.,  born  April 

3,  1825,  married  Maria ;  Diadama,  born 

January  9,  1826.  married  Thomas  B.  Morgan; 
Abel  Shute,  born  April  26,  1830,  married  Kate 
Brown;  Chauncy  B.,  born  March  ig,  1833. 
married  Elvira  Stowell. 

Lucy  Stoddard  DeWitt  died  May  31,  1834. 
Jezereel  DeW'itt  Sr.  married  Esther  Lambert 
for  his  second  wife,  about  1835.  Their  son, 
Samuel  M.  DeWitt,  was  born  in  or  about 
1836,  and  died,  immarried,  August  2t,.  i860, 
at  the  age  of  twenty-three  years  and  six  months, 
Jezereel  DeWitt  'died  March  10,  1868,  and 
Esther  DeWitt  departed  this  life  February  16, 
1871,  age  seventy-seven  years  and  six  days. 

Jezereel  DeWitt  Sr.  removed  from  Sussex 
county,  New  Jersey,  to  Brooklyn,  Susque- 
hanna county,  Pennsylvania,  in  or  about  1823, 
where  he  died  and  his  remains  were  buried  in 
the  public  cemetery  at  Brooklyn  Center. 

(VII)  Evi,  son  of  Jezereel  DeWitt,  was 
born  in  Montague  township,  near  the  old  "Brick 
House,"  Sussex  county.  New  Jersey,  Novem- 
ber 14.  1819,  died  March  28,  1903.  On  De- 
cember 28.  1843.  he  married  Annie  Elizabeth 
W'ilson,  at  Carbondale,  Pennsylvania,  who  died 
February  i.  1892.  Their  children  were:  Jer- 
ome, mentioned  below ;  Lucy,  born  at  New 
Milford,  January  22,  1847,  '^•'^f'  September  10, 
1848;  Mary,  born  April  19,  185 1,  died  Febru- 
ary 6,  1865  ;  Levi  Justine,  born  May  30,  1859, 
married  Mary  Curley,  of  Great  Bend,  Penn- 
sylvania, January  lo,  1899;  William  Wilson, 
born  September  10,  1861,  died  February  2, 
1865  ;  Annie,  born  July  23,  1867,  died  October 
19,  1882;  Agnes,  twin  to  .Annie,  married  Eu- 
gene M.  Casey,  April  10,  1896,  and  died  at 
Oxford,  New  York,  March  29,  1903. 

Annie  E.  Wilson,  mentioned  above,  was 
born  January  24,  1824,  at  or  near  Chorley,  in 
Lancashire  county,  England,  the  daughter  of 
William  and  Margaret  Wilson.  Her  birth- 
place was  on  the  .Avon  river,  near  the  home  of 
Shakespeare.  When  she  was  three  months 
old  her  parents  immigrated  to  this  country, 
and  lived  for  a  short  time  in  New  York  City. 
Afterwards  at  West-Farms,  near  Mott  Haven, 
in  Westchester  county,  New  York,  and.  while 
Annie  E.  was  still  young,  moved  to  a  farm  in 
Brooklyn,  Pennsylvania,  where  lier  father  died 
at  the  age  of  thirty-three  years.  Her  mother. 
with  her  two  daughters,  Annie  E.  and  Mar- 
garet Wilson,  tiicn  removed  to  Carbondale. 
Pennsylvania,  in  or  about  the  year  1839.  Annie 

E.  Wilson  was  a  person  of  superior  education 
and  intelligence  and  there  opened  and  conduct- 
ed a  select  school  for  young  ladies  until  the 
time  of  her  marriage  to  Evi  DeWitt.  He  and 
she  lived  in  Eirooklyn  one  year,  then  removed 
to  Nicholson.  Pennsylvania,  where  they  re- 
sided for  two  or  three  years.  They  then  re- 
moved to  a  farm  in  New  Milford.  where  they 
continued  to  reside  until  the  time  of  their 
deaths.  Evi  De\\'itt  was  a  strong  man.  phy- 
sically, morally  ami  mentally.  He  was  one  of 
the  prosperous  farmers  of  Susquehanna  county. 

(VIH)  Jerome,  son  of  Evi  and  Annie  E. 
(Wilson)  DeWitt,  was  born  at  Nicholson,. 
Wyoming  county,  Pennsylvania,  February  16, 
1845.  He  married  Ida  Brougham,  of  Newark 
Valley.  New  York,  January  26,  1892.  When 
he  was  two  years  old  he  was  taken  to  New 
Milford,  Susquehanna  county,  with  the  fam- 
ily, to  reside,  and  his  father  followed  fann- 
ing there.  He  attended  the  public  schools,  the 
New  Milford  Academy  and  afterwards  the 
Gibson  Academy,  in  which  he  prepared  for 
college.  He  entered  the  LTniversity  of  Michi- 
gan, at  Ann  Arbor,  from  which  he  was  gradu- 
ated in  1868.  In  the  autumn  of  the  same  year 
he  came  to  Binghamton.  New  York,  and  began 
the  study  of  the  law,  in  the  office  of  the  Hon. 
William  Barrett.  After  remaining  there  a 
year  he  read  law  with  Judge  Horace  S.  Gris- 
wold  for  a  year,  and  later  with  Judge  Benja- 
min N.  Loomis  for  about  six  months.  He  was 
admitted  to  the  bar  in  the  old  general  term,  sit- 
ting at  Albany,  in  February.  1871.  He  then 
became  a  partner  with  the  late  William  H. 
Scoville  in  the  practice  of  law.  under  the  firm 
name  of  "Scoville  and  DeWitt."  which  jsartner- 
ship  continued  until  the  spring  of  1890,  when 
Mr.  Scoville  died.  Since  Mr.  Scoville's  death 
Mr.  DeWitt  has  continued  to  practice  alone. 
He  has  for  many  years  occupied  a  prominent 
position  in  his  profession,  and  has  been  honor- 
ed with  many  offices  of  trust.  In  jiolitics  he  is 
a  Democrat. 

Mr.  DeWitt  was  a  member  of  the  old  volun- 
teer fire  department,  jinning  the  Excelsior 
Hook  and  Ladder  Company,  No.  i,  in  the 
year  1871.  He  soon  became,  by  election,  assist- 
ant foreman  of  that  company,  and  later  was 
elected  foreman,  and  twice  reelected  to  the 
last-named  position.  He  then  became,  by  elec- 
tion, second  assistant  engineer  for  one  year, 
first  assistant  engineer  for  a  like  term,  and  at 
the  expiration  of  the  last  term  was  elected 
chief  of  the  fire  department,  March  4,   1879. 



That  last  position  he  again  tilled  for  a  sec- 
ond term,  by  reelection.  In  1876  he  was  the 
candidate  for  his  party  for  member  of  the 
popular  branch  of  legislature.  The  county 
(Broome)  being  very  strongly  Republican  in 
politics  he  was  not  elected,  but  ran  some- 
thing over  five  hundred  ahead  of  his  party 
ticket.  For  the  period  of  twelve  years,  ending 
April  12,  1894.  he  was  the  treasurer  of  the 
llinghamton  State  Hospital  for  the  Insane. 
He  was  one  of  the  first  fire  commissioners  of 
the  city,  under  the  act  of  the  legislature  of 
1888,  creating  a  board  of  fire  commissioners 
for  the  management  of  the  volunteer  fire  de- 
partment. He  served  two  years  under  this 
appointment,  which  was  made  by  Mayor  Mor- 
gan, and  was  then  reappointed  by  Mayor  .Ste- 
phens for  a  full  term  of  four  years,  but  re- 
signed May  26,  1893. 

In  November,  1897,  Mr.  DeWitt  was  elect- 
ed mayor  of  the  city  of  Binghamton,  defeating 
e.x-Mayor  George  E.  Green.  In  the  fall  of 
1899  he  was  reelected  mayor  for  a  further 
term  of  two  years  ;  William  L.  Griswold,  Esq., 
being  the  Republican  candidate.  .-Vt  the  fall 
election,  in  1906,  he  was  the  candidate  of  his 
party  for  the  office  of  county  judge  and  surro- 
gate of  Broome  county,  but  the  Republican 
majority  being  something  over  four  thousand 
in  the  county,  he  was  not  elected.  December 
10,  1906,  he  was  appointed  by  Governor  Hig- 
gins  to  be  a  member  of  the  board  of  managers 
of  the  Binghamton  State  Hospital  for  the 
Insane,  to  fill  a  vacancy ;  and  was  reappointed 
by  Governor  Hughes  for  a  full  term  of  five 
years,  .A.pril  4,  1907.  but  resigned  April  i, 

He  resides  at  No.  33  St.  John  avenue,  and 
still  occupies  the  old  law  office  of  the  late 
Judge  Griswold,  where  he  studied  ;  which,  with 
the  library  and  belongings,  he  and  Mr.  Scoville 
purchased  in  1871.  In  January  of  the  present 
year  (1911)  he  was  appointed  a  member  of 
the  board  of  education  of  the  city  of  Bingham- 
ton for  the  term  of  five  years,  a  position  which 
he  still  occupies. 

The  surname  Goodwin  is  de- 
GOODWIN  rived  from  the  ancient  per- 
sonal name,  Godwin,  mean- 
ing good  friend,  common  in  northern  Europe 
and  England  as  early  as  the  fifth  century.  Its 
use  as  a  surname  dates  from  the  adoption  of 
surnames  in  England.  A  Robert  Goodwin 
lived  in  Norwich  in  1238. 

( I )  Ozias  Goodwin,  the  immigrant,  was  born 
in  England,  in  1596,  according  to  his  deposi- 
tion in  court,  September,  1674,  when  he  stated 
his  age  as  seventy-eight.  Elder  William  Good- 
win, his  brother,  and  he  came  to  this  covmtry 
about  the  same  time,  and  both  settled  in  Hart- 
ford, Connecticut.  Ozias  married,  in  Eng- 
land, Mary,  daughter  of  Robert  Woodward, 
of  Braintree,  county  Essex.  Her  father's  will, 
dated  May  27,  1640,  mentions  her  as  a  legatee. 
It  is  believed  that  the  Goodwins  were  from 
this  vicinity  also.  The  first  record  of  Ozias, 
in  Hartford,  is  as  a  landholder  among  "such 
inhabitants  as  were  granted  lots  to  have  only 
at  the  town's  courtesie,  with  libertie  to  fetch 
wood  and  keep  swine  or  cows  by  proportion 
on  the  common."  His  home,  in  February, 
1639-40,  was  on  the  highway  from  the  cow 
pasture  to  Mr.  Allen's  land  on  the  west,  ad- 
joining lands  of  Thomas  Burchwood,  Thomas 
Hale  and  Richard  Lord.  This  lot  is  what  is 
now  Trumbull  street,  near  Church  street ;  later 
he  moved  to  a  lot  on  the  highway  from  the 
mill  to  the  old  ox  pasture.  He  was  one  of  a 
company  from  Hartford,  Windsor  and  Weth- 
ersfield.  who,  April  18,  1659,  signed  an  agree- 
ment to  remove  to  Hadley,  Massachusetts. 
He  decided  to  remain  at  Hartford.  He  was  a 
freeman  as  early  as  October  13,  1669.  He 
died  in  the  spring  of  1683  and  his  inventory 
was  dated  April  3.  1683.  The  heirs  signed  an 
agreement  of  partition  Ajiril  C>,  lC^H^|.  Chil- 
dren; William,  born  about  i'>29;  Nathaniel, 
about  1637,  mentioned  below  ;  Hannah,  about 
16^9,  married,  1661,  William  Pitkin,  of  Hart- 

(II)  Nathaniel,  son  of  C)zias  Goodwin,  was 
born  about  1637,  and  was  admitted  a  freeman 
of  Connecticut,  October,  1662.  He  was  a 
townsman  of  Hartford,  1669-78-82.  He  mar- 
ried (first)  Sarah,  daughter  of  John  and  Han- 
nah Coles,  of  Hatfield,  Massachusetts,  for- 
merly of  Farmington,  Connecticut.  She  died 
May  8,  1676,  aged  twenty-nine,  and  was  buried 
in  the  Center  church  burying-ground.  where 
her  monument  is  still  to  be  seen,  the  oldest  in 
Hartford  bearing  the  name  of  Goodwin.  He 
married  (second)  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Dan- 
iel Pratt,  of  Hartford.  ChiUlren  of  first  wife: 
Nathaniel,  baptized  July,  1665,  married  (first) 
Lois  Potter,  (second),  September  14,  1699, 
Sarah  Easton,  died  March  12,  1746:  Sarah, 
baptized   1668;  John,  baptized  May  19,  1672, 

married  (first)  Sarah ,  (second),  before 

June,  1740,  Mary  Olmstead,  died  February  6. 



1757.  Children  of  second  wife:  Samuel,  men- 
tioned below  ;  Hannah,  baptized  December  6, 
1685,  buried  January  31,  1693;  Ozias,  born 
June  26,  1689,  married,  June  6,  1723,  Martha 
Williamson,  died  January  26.  1776;  Elizabeth, 
October  14,  1691,  married,  September  12.  1713, 
John  Cole,  died  December  28,  1773. 

(III)  Samuel,  son  of  Nathaniel  Goodwin, 
was  born  August  22,  1682.  He  married,  March 
18,  1707-08,  Mary,  daughter  of  Lieutenant 
James  and  Sarah  (Barnard)  Steele,  of  Hart- 
ford. She  married  (second),  December  2, 
1714,  Joseph  Ashley.  He  lived  in  Hartford. 
and  died  before  January  23,  1711-12.  Chil- 
dren: Abigail,  born  December  12,  1708,  mar- 
ried, March  23,  1737-38;  Nathaniel  Eggleston, 
died  September  30,  1801  ;  Samuel,  mentioned 

(IV)  Samuel  (2),  son  of  Samuel  ( i )  Good- 
win, was  born  October  10,  1710,  died  September 

30,  1776.    He  married  (first)   Abigail  . 

who  died  September  16,  1748,  and  (second), 
January,  1750,  Laodamia  Merrill,  born  January 
28,  1728-29,  buried  May  6,  1790,  daughter  of 
Moses  and  Mary  Merrill,  of  Hartford.  He 
lived  in  Hartford,  and  held  numerous  town 
offices  there;  hay  ward,  1732:  collector,  1737- 
45-47;  grand  juror,  1743.  October,  1749,  he 
was  elected  ensign  of  the  First  Company  of 
Foot  Guard,  in  the  First  Connecticut  Regi- 
ment. Children :  Samuel,  born  October  7, 
1752,  married,  January  18,  1781,  Abigail  But- 
ler, died  April  6,  1807 ;  James,  mentioned 
below;  George,  January  7,  1757,  married,  De- 
cember 2,  1779,  Mary  Edwards,  died  May  13, 
1844:  Abigail,  May  28,  1759,  married  James 
Anderson,  died  December  23,  1843 ;  David, 
August  7,  1 761,  married  Susanna  Pratt,  died 
November  15,  1 810 ;  Theodore,  April  18,  1764, 
married  (first),  November  11,  1792,  Lucy 
Adams,  (second),  June  24, 1805,  Harriet  Prior, 
died  March  21,  1845;  Russell,  September  14, 
1766.  married,  July  4,  1789,  Ruth  Church,  died 
May  19,  1839;  Mary,  May  14,  I7'i9,  buried 
Mav  27,  1783. 

(V )  James,  son  of  Samuel  (2)  Goodwin, 
was  born  in  Hartford,  December  15,  1754, 
died  in  East  Hartford,  June  24,  1822.  He 
married,  March  10,  1783,  Hannah,  daughter 
of  Nathaniel  and  Elizabeth  (Allyn)  Mather, 
born  in  Windsor,  Connecticut,  March  20,  1762, 
died  February  22,  1805.  Children:  Roxana. 
born  March  9,  1784,  married,  November  11, 
1828,    Chester    Wells,    died    March    9,    1878; 

James  Mather,  mentioned  below ;  Mary,  May 
25,  1787,  married,  March  31,  1811,  Timothy 
Spencer,  died  August  28,  1870;  Manning,  May 
2j.  1789,  died  July  6,  1789;  Manning,  August 
27,  1790,  died  June  15,  1832;  Hannah,  Decem- 
ber 20,  1792,  married,  November  27,  1814, 
Oliver  Wells,  died  May  24,  1820;  Erastus, 
March  14,  1795,  married,  August  i,  1821, 
Anna  Seaman,  died  June  7,   1882. 

(VI)  James  Mather,  son  of  James  Good- 
win, was  born  August  24,  1785,  in  Hartford; 
died  March  30,  1870.  He  married,  December 
21,  1809,  Roxana,  daughter  of  John  and  Theo- 
dosia  (Foote)  Bulkley,  born  in  Colchester, 
Connecticut,  May  14,  1788,  died  August  9, 
1869.  He  began  his  business  life  as  a  West 
India  merchant  in  his  native  town  and  con- 
tinued as  such  until  1828,  when  he  became 
secretary  for  the  ^Htna  Fire  Insurance  Com- 
pany, of  Hartford,  and  in  1837  was  elected  to 
the  same  position  in  the  Protection  Company. 
From  1819  to  1823  he  was  major  in  the  (jov- 
ernor's  Foot  Guards.  In  religion  he  was  an 
Episcopalian,  and  in  1837  was  elected  junior 
warden,  and  in  1829  and  1838  senior  warden. 
Children:  James  Mather,  born  October  i,  1810, 
married  (first),  September  16,  1834,  Julia  Ann 
Dickinson,  (second).  May  7,  1838,  Charlotte 
Rebecca  Johnson;  Frederick,  July  24,  1812, 
died  October  27,  1845  •  Mary,  February  3, 
1816,  died  March  17,  1817;  Mary  Jane,  Janu- 
ary 26,  1818,  married.  May  16,  1838,  Charles 
Haskell  Brainard ;  Henry  Wheaton,  mention- 
ed below;  William  Alfred,  February  14,  1831, 
died  September  20,  1838. 

( VII)  Henry  Wheaton,  son  of  James  ]\Iath- 
er  Goodwin,  was  born  in  Hartford,  Connecti- 
cut, September  26,  1^23,  died  at  New  Flaven, 
Connecticut,  November  5,  1876.  He  married. 
May  6,  1846,  Caroline  Althea,  daughter  of 
Joel  and  Maria  (Scovill)  Hinman,  born  in 
Waterbury,  Connecticut,  July  9,  1827,  died 
March  4,  1874.  He  lived  for  a  time  in  Green- 
field, Massachusetts,  and  Waterbury.  After 
his  marriage  he  returned  to  Hartford,  and  for 
a  number  of  years  was  engaged  in  the  crockery 
business.  In  1862  he  removed  to  West  Hart- 
ford, and  in  1870  to  Cheshire.  Children : 
Maria  Hinman,  September  20,  1847,  married, 
January  13,  1868,  Percival  W.  Clement;  Al- 
fred Scovill,  March  30,  1850,  married,  Febru- 
ary 5.  1880,  Mrs.  Emma  Amelia  (Atkinson) 
Elv ;  Henry  W'illiam,  January  29,  1835,  mar- 
ried, May  27,  1875,  Eleanor  C.  Steele;  Caro- 



line  Anna,  October  31.  1859.  married.  October 
13.  1880.  John  Dwight^  Parker  ;  Frederick  Ab- 
bott, mentioned  below. 

(VIII)  Dr.  Frederick  Abbott  Goodwin,  son 
of  Henry  Wheaton  Goodwin,  was  born  at 
West  Hartford,  August  28,  1865.  He  received 
his  early  education  in  the  public  schools  of 
Hartford,  in  Rutland,  Vermont,  and  Shoe- 
makertown,  Pennsylvania.  In  1885  he  enter- 
ed the  medical  department  of  the  University 
of  Vermont,  and  graduated  in  1887.  He  then 
took  a  post-graduate  course  at  the  Columbia 
University  Medical  School,  and  graduated  in 
1888.  From  1888  to  1890  he  was  surgeon  in 
the  Hartford  Hospital.  In  1890  he  went  to 
Europe,  and  studied  medicine  and  surgery  in 
Germany  and  Austria  for  two  years.  From 
1892  to  1898  he  practiced  in  New  York  City, 
and  was  also  instructor  in  orthopedic  surgery 
at  the  New  York  Post-Graduate  School  and 
Hospital.  He  then  became  surgeon  for  the 
Erie  railroad  and  removed  to  Suscjuehanna, 
Pennsylvania,  where  he  remained  until  1907. 
For  six  years  he  was  coroner  of  .Susc|ueliaima, 
and  was  the  founder  and  organizer  of  the 
'  Simon  Barnes  Hospital.  In  1907  he  removed 
to  Binghamton,  New  York,  where  he  follows 
a  general  practice.  He  still  continues  as  sur- 
geon to  the  Erie  Railroad,  and  consulting  sur- 
geon at  the  Susquehanna  Hospital.  He  is 
a  member  of  the  Benevolent  and  Protective 
Order  of  Elks :  of  the  New  Y'ork  and  New 
England  Railroad  Surgeons'  Association,  of 
which  he  is  president ;  of  the  Erie  Railroad 
Surgeons'  Association ;  Broome  County  Med- 
ical Society,  of  which  he  is  treasurer.  He 
married,  Alarch  2,  1899,  Minnie  H.,  daughter 
of  Dr.  Francis  Vinton  and  Mary  Elizabeth 
(Bensel)  Brush  (see  Brush  VIII).  She  was 
a  graduate  of  the  New  York  Post-Graduate 
Training  School  for  Nurses,  class  of  1898. 
Children  of  Dr.  and  Mrs.  Goodwin :  Dorothy 
Athcrton,  born  April  3,  1900:  Edith  Brush, 
May  26,  1902.  Mr.  and  Airs.  Dr.  Goodwin 
attend  the  Episcopal  church. 

(The  Brush  Line). 

The  first  of  the  name  of  whom  there  is  any 
record  was  Robert  De  Brush,  who  went  to 
England  with  the  Conqueror  in  1066.  From 
this  French  De  Brus  or  De  Brewes  are  de- 
rived the  English  names  of  Bruse,  Bruce, 
Bush  and  Brush.  The  following  extracts  show 
perhaps  the  source  from  which  the  family  in 
this  country  sprang.     William  de   Brus  lived 

in  Heworth,  a  mile  to  the  north  of  Aycliffe. 
His  son,  Adam  de  Brus,  "held  the  will  by 
Knights  service."  William  Brus,  1354,  "then 
styled  Chivalier,  held  the  Manor  of  Heworth 
by  the  fourth  part  of  a  Knight's  fees  and  40s. 
\\'illiam  Bruys  son  and  heir,  1381.  Robert 
Bruys  sold  the  estate  in  1435." 

( I )  Thomas  Brush,  immigrant  ancestor,  was 
born  in  England  about  1610,  and  came  to  this 
country  before  1633,  in  which  year  he  is  re- 
corded as  owning  a  lot  in  Southold,  Suftolk 
county.  Long  Island.  In  1656  he  witnessed  a 
will  in  Southold,  and  attended  a  town  meeting 
there  in  October,  1660.  That  same  year  it 
was  agreed  that  "Gudman  Brush"  shall  keep 
"the  ordinary."  He  was  made  a  freeman  of 
Connecticut  in  16(14.  In  165(1  or  i()37  he  re- 
moved to  Huntington,  Long  Island,  having 
sold  his  home  in  Southold  to  Thomas  Mapes, 
his  wife  Rebecca  assenting.  About  1666  he. 
with  two  others,  was  sent  by  the  "Inhabitants 
of  Huntington  with  an  Indian  called  Chichinee 
to  the  South  Meadow"  to  find  and  fix  the 
boundaries  of  a  piece  of  land  bought  from  the 
Massapagus  Indians.  This  land  was  South 
Neck,  and  upon  it  was  a  marked  tree,  which 
was  to  serve  as  a  witness  to  the  bargain.  The 
whites  met  there  some  twenty  Indians,  with 
their  sachem,  who  was  at  first  very  reluctant 
to  conclude  the  transaction.  They  finally  agreed 
to  point  out  the  tree,  however.  Thomas  Brush 
was  ahead  of  the  other  white  men,  and  went 
past  the  said  tree,  without  noticing  it.  "Then 
an  Indian  called  him  back  and  showed  him." 
He  was  one  of  the  proprietors  of  Huntington 
in  1672.  He  was  also  chosen  one  of  the  over- 
seers of  the  town,  and  finally  constable.  He 
exercised  his  authority  in  the  latter  position, 
when.  February  21,  1670,  the  town  "refuse  to 
repair  the  P'ort"  at  New  York  because  they 
felt  deprived  of  the  liberties  of  Englishmen. 

His  wife  was  Rebecca,  daughter  of  John 
Conkling,  or  Conolyne,  who  was  said  to  have 
come  from  Nottinghamshire,  England.  He 
was  received  as  an  inhabitant  of  Salem,  Massa- 
chusetts, September  14,  1640,  and  had  four 
acres  of  land  allotted  to  him  in  1649.  He  was 
an  active  man,  who  "identified  himself  with 
every  new  enterprise  with  zeal  and  energy  and 
soon  became  the  cynosure  of  all  the  village." 
He  moved  later  to  Southold,  and  about  1660 
to  Huntington,  where  he  is  numbered  among 
the  founders  of  the  town.  He  is  believed  to 
have  been  born  about  1600,  and  died  in  1683. 

Thomas   Brush   died   in    1670,  and  his   son 



Thomas  administered  upon  his  estate  in  1677. 
It  was  valued  at  three  hundred  and  six  pounds, 
which  was  a  ver)'  fair  sum   for  those  times. 
Children  :  Thomas  ;  Richard,  mentioned  below  ; 
John,  born  about  1650:  Rebecca,  married,  Feb- 
ruary 8,  1682,  Jeremiah  Hobart,  or  Hubbard. 
(II)    Richard,  son  of  Thomas  Brush,  settled 
on  West  Neck,  on  the  south  shore  of  Lloyd's 
Harbor.     This  property  remained  in  the  pos- 
session of  his  descendants  until   1898.      Like 
his  father,  he  was  a  town  officer,  a  commis- 
sioner to  lay  out  lands  and  roads,  and  in  1663 
one  of  the  seven  trustees  annually  elected  under 
the  new  patent.     He  marrierl   Hannah  or  Jo- 
anna Corey.     Following  the  common  practice 
of  h:s  time  he  divided  his  real  estate  among 
his  sons  during  his  lifetime.     In  1700  he  gave 
a   farm    to   his    son    Thomas,    with    the    con- 
sent of  his  wife.     In   1709  he  gave  Richard 
and  Thomas  "Meadows  and  uplands."  and  in 
1 710  his  son  Robert  his  home  lot,  with  other 
property,   including  one-half  of  one  hundred 
pounds  right  of  commonage.    Children  :  Rich- 
ard ;  Thomas  :  Robert,  mentioned  below  ;  Reu- 

(III)  Robert,  son  of  Richard  Brush,  was 
born  m  1695.  He  was  a  town  trustee,  and 
when  a  new  meeting-house  was  built,  was 
among  the  most  liberal  subscribers,  giving  the 
sum  of  twenty  pounds.  He  was  executor  of 
the  will  of  Jeremiah  Hubbard  Jr..  his  nephew, 
in  1730.  He  had  four  sons,  of  whom  Reuben 
married  Ruth  Woods,  February  11,  17^9,  and 
was  a  prominent  citizen ;  Jonathan,  mentioned 

(IV)  Jonathan,  son  of  Robert  Brush,  was 
born  and  lived  at  Huntington,  Long  Island. 
He  married  Elizabeth  Sniith.  Among  their 
children  was  Joshua,  mentioned  below. 

(V)  Joshua,  son  of  Jonathan  Brush,  was 
born  at  Huntington,  and  alwavs  lived  there. 
He  married  Margaret  Ireland,  of  West  Hills, 
Long  Island.  Among  their  children  was  Philip' 
mentioned  below. 

(VI)  Philip,  son  of  Joshua  Brush,  was  born 
at  Huntington  and  removed  to  Ridgetield,  Con- 
necticut. He  married  Ruth  Brush,  a  distant 
relative.  Among  their  children  was  larvis 
born  January  6,  1787,  father  of  Professor 
George  Jarvis  Brush,  director  of  the  Sheffield 
Scientific  School,  Yale  University,  from  1872 
to  1898;  Conklin,  mentioned  below. 

(VII)  Hon.  Conklin  Brush,  son  of  Philip 
Brush,  was  born  at  Ridgefield,  Connecticut 
March  8,   1794,  died  Julv  4,   1870.     He  was 

educated  in  the  public  schools.    Just  after  the 
war  of  181 2  he  commenced  business  in  New 
York   City,    with    no   resources   but   his   good 
character   and    remarkable   business   tact   and 
energy,  and  he  very  rapidly  acquired  a  reputa- 
tion as  a  safe  and  successful  merchant.     He 
was  a  dealer  in  crockery  and  hardware.   From 
1816  to  1840,  including'all  the  periods  of  com- 
mercial disaster,  he  was  at  the  head  of  nine 
successful  firms,  no  one  of  which  ever  failed, 
and  all  of  which  were  highly  prosperous.    He 
came  to  Brooklyn  in  1827  and  made  his  home 
in  that  city  the  remainder  of  his  life.     When 
Brooklyn  was  made  a  city,  in  April,  1834,  Mr. 
Brush  was  asked  to  occupy  the  chair  during 
the  election  of  the  first  mayor.  George  Hall 
He  wasa  member  of  the  board  of  trustees  in 
1830,  of  the  common  council  in  1834-35,  and 
president  of  the  board.     At  the  close  of  his 
term  he  was  given  a  unanimous  vote  of  thanks 
for  the  able  and  impartial  manner  in  which  he 
presided.     In  politics  he  was  a  Whig  until  that 
party  was  dissolved.     In  every  movement  for 
the  development  and  welfare  of  Brooklyn  he 
took  an  active  part.     When  he  moved  thither, 
there  was  not  a  public  street  lamp  in  Brooklyn,' » 
which   was  then  a  village.     In    1832  he  to'ok 
steps  to  have  Hicks  and  William  streets  lighted 
at  night  and  from  that  time  the  public  lighting 
system  was  extended  to  all  parts  of  the  munici- 
pality. In  1834  he  was  chairman  of  the  citizens' 
committee  which  secured  for  Brooklyn,  against 
the  opposition  of  N'ew  York  City,  the  South  or 
Atlantic  Ferry.   He  led  the  movement  to  widen 
Fulton   street  below   the  junction  with   Main 
street  against  violent  opposition.     He  was  ap- 
pointed at  a  public  meeting  of  the  city  on  a 
committee  to  select  and  secure  a  site  for  a  city 
hall   and   the   committee   secured   the   site   on 
which  the  building  was  subsequently  erected, 
though  instead  of  a  city  hall  costing'$  100,000.' 
as  proposed  by  the  committee,  a  costly  struc- 
ture was  started  and  various  scandals  develop- 
ed before  the  city  hall  was  finally  completed. 
With    Daniel   Richards  he  projected  the  At- 
lantic docks,  incorporated  in  1840.  and  he  was 
a  director  of  the  company  for  six  years.     In 
1848  he  erected  a  grain  elevator.     In  1850  he 
was  elected  mayor  of  Brooklyn,  as  the  Whig 
candidate,  against  John  Rice,'  the  Democratic 
candidate,  and  George  Hall,  independent,  and 
he  served  the  city  with  ability  and  credit  dur- 
ing 1 85 1  and  1852.     It  has  been  said  that  the 
city  never  had  a  better  mayor.     His  perfect 
familiarity  with   financial  affairs  secured    for 

i\E\V  YORK. 


him  the  confidence  and  support  of  the  large 
property  interests  of  the  city.  He  was  one 
of  the  organizers  of  the  Mechanics'  Bank,  of 
Brooklyn;  its  first  president,  remaining  in  that 
capacity  until  his  death.  He  was  influential 
in  the  movement  to  procure  an  adecjuate  mu- 
nicipal water  supply,  and  served,  in  1857,  on 
the  first  water  commission.  He  was  a  promi- 
nent member  and  vestryman  of  the  Protestant 
Episcopal  church.  In  later  years  he  was  a 
Democrat  in  politics.  For  many  years  he  was 
one  of  the  commissioners  of  Prospect  Park. 
His  favorite  motto  was  "Honesty  is  the  Best 
Policy."  He  was  public  spirited  and  often 
served  the  city  without  compensation. 

He  married  Rosannah  Hoyt,  July  7,  1816, 
at  Norwalk,  Connecticut.  Eleven  children, 
four  sons  and  seven  daughters,  among  whom 
were :  Delia ;  Jane,  married  George  Smith ; 
Anna;  Goold  ;  Henry  ;  Julia  M. ;  Francis  Vin- 

(X'lH)  Dr.  Francis  \'inton  Brush,  son  of 
Hon.  Conklin  Brush,  was  born  August  26, 
1844,  died  July  8,  1882.  He  was  educated  as 
a  physician  and  loved  his  profession,  but  ill 
health  obliged  him  to  retire  from  active  prac- 
tice. He  married  Mary  Elizabeth  Bensel. 
daughter  of  James  Mcjimpsey  and  Mary  Eliz- 
abeth (Wright)  Bensel.  Children:  i.  Rosa- 
belle,  married  Herbert  L.  Joeckel,  and  had 
Dorothy  Rosabelle  Joeckel.  2.  Marie  Louise. 
3.  Minnie  H.,  married,  March  2,  1890,  Dr. 
Frederick  A.  Goodwin   (see  Goodwin  \'HI). 

Walter  Dean  or  Deane,  immigrant 
DEAN  ancestor,  was  born  in  the  parish 
of  Chard,  in  Somersetshire.  His 
brother  John,  who  was  somewhat  older,  was 
also  born  there.  Chard  is  in  Taunton  Dean, 
and  the  family  name  is  derived  from  the  name 
Dean  or  valley.  From  Taunton  Dean  and 
vicinity  came  many  of  the  families  that  settled 
in  Taunton,  Massachusetts.  There  is  among  the 
people  of  this  section  of  England  a  proverb : 
"Where  should  I  be  born  else  than  in  Taunton 
Dean?"  Meaning  to  express  the  utmost  satis- 
faction with  their  native  place. 

Walter  Deane  was  born  between  161 5  and 
161 7.  He  was  admitted  a  freeman  of  Taun- 
ton, Massachusetts.  December  4,  1638.  although 
he  appears  to  have  landed  in  Boston  first  and 
to  have  been  in  Dorchester  for  about  a  year 
before  going  to  Taunton.  His  homestead  was 
about  a  mile  from  the  present  centre  of  Taun- 
ton   and   adjoined    his    brother    John's    place. 

Their  descendants  own  and  occupy  the  farms. 
or  did  recently.  Walter  Deane  was  a  tanner 
by  trade.  He  was  a  deacon  of  the  church.  He 
was  a  deputy  to  the  general  court  at  Plymouth 
in  1640,  and  was  a  selectman  of  Taunton  from 
1679  to  1686  inclusive.  He  is  mentioned  by 
the  historians  as  especially  prominent  in  town 
affairs,  .^.t  the  time  of  King  Philip's  war  he 
served  on  the  committee  of  the  town  of  Taun- 
ton to  reply  to  the  generous  offer  of  other 
towns  less  exposed  to  Indian  attacks,  to  shelter 
the  people  of  Taunton.  The  letter  declining 
the  proffered  aid  and  shelter  and  thanking 
those  who  made  the  ofifer  was  signed  by  Deane 
and  shows  that  he,  as  did  also  his  brother, 
used  the  finel  "e"  in  his  surname,  which  is  now 
generally  spelled  without  it. 

He  married  Eleanor,  daughter  of  Richard 
Strong  and  sister  of  Elder  John  Strong,  who 
came  in  the  ship  "Mary  and  John"  in  1630, 
and  afterward  settled  in  Northampton.  His 
wife  Eleanor  was  living  in  1693.  They  had 
eight  in  the  family  in  1639,  from  which  it  is 
presumed  that  they  had  six  children,  but  the 
names  of  three  only  are  known,  viz :  Joseph,  a 
shoemaker  of  Taunton:  Ezra;  Benjamin,  who 
married  Sarah  Williams  and  settled  in  Taun- 

( II )  Ezra  Dean,  son  of  Walter  Deane.  was 
probably  born  in  Taunton,  Massachusetts.  He 
married.  December  17,  1676,  Bethiah  Edson, 
daughter  of  Deacon  Samuel  and  Susanna  Or- 
cutt  (Amory)  Edson.  Deacon  Samuel  Edson. 
of  l;]ridgewater,  was  one  of  the  first  settlers 
and  owned  the  first  mill  built  in  Bridgewater. 
Ezra  Dean  died  between  October  28,  1727, 
when  his  will  was  made,  and  February  17, 
1732,  when  it  was  proved.  He  lived  in  Taun- 
ton and  his  children  were  born  there.  Chil- 
dren:  Bethiah,  born  October  14,  1677,  died 
November  2"].  1679  ;  Ezra  ;  Samuel,  born  .April 
II,  1681,  died  February  16,  1682-83;  Seth- 
born  June  3,  1683.  lived  at  Taunton ;  Mar- 
garet ;  Ephraim,  married  Mary  Allen,  of  Reho- 

(III)  Ezra  (2),  son  of  Ezra  (i)  Dean,  was 
born  in  Taunton,  Massachusetts,  October  14, 
1680.  He  married  (first)  .\bigail,  daughter  of 
Captain  James  Leonard.  He  married  (second) 
Abigail  Bretnall,  who  survived  him.  He  died 
July  I,  1737,  at  Taunton.  Ezra  Dean  was  a 
phvsician  of  note  in  his  day.  A  writer  in  the 
Colitnibiaii.  of  Taunton,  in  1825,  stated  some 
interesting  facts  about  Dr.  Dean's  children.  He 
had  sixteen  and  their  united  ages. dead  and  alive. 


NE\\'   YORK. 

amounted  to  thirteen  lumdred  and  seven  years. 
The  ages  of  eleven  amounted  to  over  a  thou- 
sand years.  His  daughter  Theodora  lived  to 
see  descendants  in  the  fifth  generation,  and 
was  the  mother  of  Dr.  Job  Godfrey,  of  Taun- 
ton, eminent  for  half  a  century.  Descendants 
of  several  of  his  sons  settled  in  Worcester 
county,  some  in  Hardwick,  some  in  Rutland 
and  Westminster,  and  others  in  Oakham  and 
vicinity.  The  children  of  Dr.  Ezra  Dean 
were :  Ezra,  died  at  eighty-nine  years  ;  Theo- 
dora, died  at  age  of  one  hundred  years ;  Abi- 
gail, died  at  ninety-five  ;  Bethiah,  died  at  nine- 
ty-six ;  Nehemiah,  died  at  ninety;  James,  born 
1722,  died  February  9,  1812,  aged  eighty-nine, 
according  to  Oakham  records,  called  ninety  in 
the  nev\'spaper ;  Seth,  died  at  eighty-eight ;  Sol- 
omon, died  at  sixty-one;  Elkanah,  died  at 
eighty-seven;  William,  living  in  1825,  aged 
ninety-four,  born  1731 ;  George,  died  at  eighty- 
six;  Elisha,  died  at  eighty-three;  Nathaniel, 
died  at  twenty-five;  Esther,  living  in  1825, 
aged  ninety-two,  born  1733;  Prudence,  died  at 
eighty;  Stephen,  died  at  fifty-one.  The  pre- 
ceding are  probably  not  given  in  order,  Ijut  no 
better  record  has  been  found. 

(V)  William  Dean,  descendant  probably  in 
the  fifth  generation  of  Walter  Deane,  accord- 
ing to  tradition,  came  from  Rhode  Island  early 
in  the  eighteenth  century  and  settled  in  Put- 
nam county.  New  York,  where  he  bought 
eight  hundred  acres  of  land,  some  of  which 
has  been  owned  by  descendants  ever  since. 
He  had  five  sons :  Seth,  who  settled  in  Putnam 
county,  New  Y'ork;  Benjamin,  who  settled  in 
Delaware  county.  New  York;  Ezekiel,  who 
settled  in  Kent,  Putnam  county.  New  York ; 
Caleb,  who  settled  in  Kent ;  John,  mentioned 

(VI)  John,  son  of  ^Villiam  Dean,  settled 
in  Putnam  county.  New  York,  and  was  father 
of  Niles,  mentioned  below. 

(VH)  Niles,  son  of  John  Dean,  married 
Nancy,  daughter  of  Stephen  Northrop  (see 
Northrop  V).  Children:  i.  Milton  N.,  born 
January  i,  1815,  near  Carmel.  Putnam  county; 
"died  August  18,  1897;  married,  October,  1841, 
Phebe  Jane  Haveland.  2.  Ranslear,  born  near 
Carmel,  October  31,  1816;  married  Deborah 
Ann  Peck,  in  Patterson,  New  York,  May  16, 
1844.  3.  Aner,  born  August  29,  1819,  near 
Carmel;  died  June  2t„  1896;  married  Philip 
T.  Smith,  at  Matteawan.  New  Y^ork.  4.  Willis, 
born  September  10,  1821,  near  Carmel;  mar- 
ried  (first)   Katherine  Squires,  December  22, 

1846,  who  died  without  issue,  January  2,  1883 ;, 
married  (second-)  Jennie  Van  Voorhis,  Sep- 
tember 10,  1889.  5.  Ursula,  born  near  Carmel, 
August  25,  1823;  died  January  8,  1892;  mar- 
ried Benjamin  Stone,  in  Pulteney.  New  York, 
January.  1849.  '-••  La  Fayette,  born  near  Car- 
mel, June  10,  1825  ;  married  Hattie  Sinsebox, 
October  20,  1852;  she  died  January  2,  1883. 
7.  Jackson  W.,  born  at  Carmel,  July  20,  1827; 
married  Elizabeth  D.  Knapp,  February  22, 
1849.  8.  Erastus,  mentioned  below.  9.  Oliver, 
born  near  Carmel,  March  6,  1831 ;  married 
(first)  Ellen  Howe,  April  2,  1862,  and  she 
died  the  same  year ;  married  (second)  Jane 
.Squires,  December  12,  1865  ;  he  died  March  9, 
1898.  Niles  Dean  died  December  28,  1833; 
his  wife  died  April  30,  1863. 

(VHI)  Erastus,  son  of  Niles  Dean,  was 
born  near  Carmel,  New  Y'ork,  August  18, 
1829.  He  was  apprenticed  to  learn  the  trade 
of  a  machinist,  and  because  of  his  natural  me- 
chanical ability  he  soon  became  an  expert  in 
the  business.  After  working  for  a  while  in 
Fishkill,  New  York,  he  went,  in  1840,  to  Bing- 
hamton,  where  for  a  time  he  was  a  Methodist 
preacher.  He  then  found  employment  as  over- 
seer for  Shepley  &  Wells,  and  later  entered 
the  employ  of  A.  S.  Bartlett,  where  for  thirty 
years  he  was  superintendent  of  machinery, 
until  his  death.  He  married,  April  30,  185 1, 
Mary  S.,  daughter  of  Stephen  and  Sophia 
(Carpenter)  Harris.  Children:  i.  Frank  W., 
born  August  29,  1853;  married  (first),  Sep- 
tember 3,  1875.  Ella  Rood;  married  (second), 
March  18,  1885,  Minnie  J.  Brown;  children: 
Edwin  H.,  Minnie  H.  and  Mabel  A.  2.  Amy 
Jane,  born  January  28.  1859,  died  October  11. 
1859.  3.  Mary  L.,  born  March  14.  1864;  mar- 
ried, June  2,  1891,  George  H.  Downing;  chil- 
dren:' Mildred  and  Richard  B.  4.  Arthur  E., 
mentioned  below. 

( IX  )  Arthur  E.,  son  of  Erastus  and  Alarv  S. 
(Harris)  Dean,  was  born  in  Binghamton.  New 
Y'ork.  October  12,  1870.  He  received  his  early 
education  in  the  public  schools  of  his  native 
town  and  prepared  for  college  in  the  P)ingham- 
ton  high  school.  He  was  graduated  from  the 
New  York  School  of  Pharmacy  in  1895,  and 
immediately  engaged  in  business  as  a  druggist, 
succeeding  his  brother,  Frank  W.  Dean,  in 
1909.  His  store  is  located  at  the  corner  of 
Chenango  and  Lewis  streets,  Binghamton.  In 
religion  Mr.  Dean  is  a  Presbyterian,  and  he 
is  a  member  of  Independent  Order  of  Odd 
Fellows,  and  New  York  State  Pharmaceutical 



Association,  Binghamton  Cliamber  of  Com- 
merce and  the  Slerchants'  and  Advertisers' 

He  married.  March  5,  1896.  Augusta  J.  Dun- 
lap,  born  in  Ovid.  Seneca  county.  Xew  York, 
(laughter  of  Arthur  and  ^lary  Helen  (John- 
son) Dunlap.  Her  father  was  born  in  Ovid, 
Seneca  county,  New  York,  son  of  Andrew  Jr. 
and  Hannah  (Kinney)  Dunlap.  and  grandson 
of  Andrew  Sr.  and  Mary  (\\'ilson)  Dunlap. 
Andrew  Sr.  was  son  of  John  Dunlap,  immi- 
grant ancestor,  who  came  in  ijbo  to  this  coun- 
try, settled  in  Xew  York  state,  and  died,  in 
1801.  in  Seneca  county.  His  wife  was  a  Gil- 

(The  Northrop  Line). 

(I)  Joseph  Northrop,  the  ancestor  of  this 
family,  came  perhaps  from  Yorkshire,  Eng- 
land. He  was  one  of  "Eaton  and  Davenport's 
Company,  of  good  cjiaracter  and  fortune," 
who  came  from  England,  in  1637,  in  the  ships 
"Flector"  and  "Martin."  They  landed  in  Bos- 
ton, July  26,  1637,  and  settled  at  New  Haven, 
in  April,  1638.  They  were  mostly  from  York- 
shire, Herefordshire  and  Kent.  Members  of 
this  company  and  of  Sir  Richard  Saltonstall's 
company  removed  to  Milford.  Connecticut,  and 
the  "free  planters  of  the  town"  were  enrolled 
November  30,  1639,  but  Joseph,  not  then  being 
in  the  church  following,  appears  in  the  list  of 
names  immediately  after  the  free  planters.  The 
surname  Northrop  was  spelled  in  the  early 
records  with  the  "u,"  with  "rup,"  and  some- 
times "roop,"  "rupp,"  and  more  often  "rop," 
especially  in  latter  days.  January  9,  1642, 
Joseph  united  with  the  First  Church,  in  Mil- 
ford.  He  married  Mary,  daughter  of  Francis 
Norton,  who  came  to  Milford  from  Wethers- 
field  with  the  Rev.  Peter  Prudden  and  his 
party.  He  died  September  11,  1669.  His  will 
was  dated  September  i,  1669,  and  it  men- 
tions of  his  children  only  Joseph.  Samuel, 
Jeremiah  and  John.  Codicil  to  his  will  says : 
"Aly  mother  shall  have  a  living  in  my  house  as 
long  as  she  lives" — perhaps  meaning  his  wife's 
mother,  Mrs.  Norton.  His  wife  survived  him. 
and  made  her  will  January  24,  1683,  and  men- 
tions Joseph,  Samuel,  Jeremiah,  Zophar,  Dan- 
iel, \\'illiam  and  Mary,  the  last  two  being  in 
their  minority,  also  her  mother,  Mrs.  Norton. 
The  inventory  of  her  estate  is  dated  February 
28,  1683.  Children,  born  in  Milford :  Joseph. 
July  17,  1649,  mentioned  below ;  Samuel,  Octo- 
ber  26,    1651  :    Jeremiah,    January    14.    1633; 

John,  September  7,  1656;  Zophar.  June  21, 
1661  :  Daniel,  August  7,  1664;  William,  June 
2.  1666:  Mary,  January  6,  1670. 

(H)  Joseph  (2),  son  of  Joseph  (i)  North- 
rop, was  born  July  17,  1649,  baptized  August 
9,  1649,  at  Milford.  He  was  made  freeman, 
Alay  12,  1670.  He  married  Miriam  Blakeman, 
daughter  of  James  and  ^Miriam  JBlakeman. 
Miriam,  wife  of  James  Blakeman,  was  daugh- 
ter of  Moses  Wheeler,  and  was  born  1657, 
died  about  1789.  James  Blakeman  was  son  of 
Rev.  Aaron  Blakeman,  who  was  born  in  Strat- 
fordshire,  England,  in  1598,  and  entered  Christ 
College,  Oxford,  May  28,  1617  ;  came  to  Amer- 
ica, in  1638;  to  Stratford,  Connecticut,  in 
1639 ;  died  September,  1665 ;  his  widow  Jane 
died  1674;  she  was  said  to  be  sister  of  Moses 
Wheeler.  Moses  Wheeler,  father  of  ]\Iiriam, 
wife  of  James  Blakeman,  probably  came  with 
Eaton  to  New  Haven  in  1638,  and  his  wife  was 
Miriam,  sister  of  Joseph  Hawley.  Joseph 
Northrop  died  June  i,  1700,  and  was  buried  at 
Milford.  His  widow  Miriam  gave  an  adminis- 
tratrix's bond,  dated  November  13,  1700.  She 
married  (second)  John  Smith,  and  had  chil- 
dren :  Johanna,  Josiah  and  Abigail.  Children 
of  Joseph  Northrop,  born  at  Milford:  Joseph, 
baptized  October  29,  1689;  James,  baptized 
January  15.  1(393,  nientioned  below;  Moses, 
baptized  i\Iarch  31,  1695;  ]\Iiriam,  baptized 
May  15,  1698. 

(HI)  James,  son  of  Joseph  (2)  Northrop, 
was  baptized  at  ^lilford,  January  15,  1693. 
He  bought  lands  at  Milford  with  his  brothers, 
Joseph  and  Moses,  in  171 5-21-27,  and  settled 
there.  He  also  bought  lands  of  Joseph  Bene- 
dict, for  sixty  pounds,  on  Alarch  29,  17 14.  He 
married  (first)  Hannah  Hine,  of  Alilford,  who 
died  about  1737-  He  married  (second)  Lydia 
Mills,  widow.  Children  by  first  wife:  James, 
born  November  9,  1719,  mentioned  below  ;  Na- 
than, May  30,  1721  ;  Hannah,  November  16, 
1623,  died  before  1731 ;  Stephen,  December  13, 
1725;  Thomas.  December  5,  1727;  Hannah, 
August  20,  1729;  Anna.  Children  by  second 
wife:  .Ambrose,  April  30.  1740,  died  October 
7,  1743:  John.  November  28,  1743:  Benjamin, 
October  26,  1747. 

(I\')  James  (2).  son  of  James  (i)  North- 
rop, was  born  at  Ridgefield,  November  9.  1719. 
He  married,  January  13,  1742,  Rachel,  daugh- 
ter of  Samuel  Smith,  of  Norfolk.  She  was 
born  iVIarch  27,  1723.  His  estate  was  distrib- 
uted July  26,  1784.  Children,  born  at  Ridge- 
field: James,  January  22,  1744-43.  died  before 

NEW   \i)liK. 

July  15,  1751:  Samuel,  March  5,  1746;  Mat- 
thew, April  6.  1749;  James.  July  15,  1751  :  Na- 
thaniel, July  15,  1751,  twin  of  James;  Rachel, 
January  28,  1754: Hannah,  February  28,  1755 : 
Stephen,  mentioned  below. 

(V)  Stephen,  son  of  James  (2)  Northrop, 
was  born  at  Ridgefield,  January  22,  1759.  He 
was  a  soldier  in  the  revolution  for  one  year 
and  nine  months.  He  removed  to  \'enice, 
Cayuga  county.  New  York,  and  from  there  to 
Chardon,  (ieauga  county,  Ohio,  October  9, 
1827.  He  was  a  carpenter  by  trade.  He  died 
October  17,  1831,  at  Munson,  Geauga  county. 
He  married  ( first )  Betsey  Murch  ;  ( second  ) , 
about  1793,  Deborah  Robinson,  who  was  born 
June  2,  1776,  in  Dutchess  county,  New  York, 
and  died  October  4,  1844,  in  Munson,  Ohio. 
Ciiildren  by  first  wife:  Stephen  ;  Hannah,  mar- 
ried Edward  Covey,  and  went  to  Orange,  I'ort- 
age  county,  Ohio ;  Ruth,  married  Peter  Baker, 
and  lived  in  Broome  or  Tioga  county,  New- 
York  ;  Nancy,  married  Niles  Dean  ( see  Dean 
VH)  ;  Nathan,  born  February  22,  1791,  in 
New  London,  Connecticut.  Children  by  sec- 
ond wife:  Amaziah,  born  April  8,  1795:  Pru- 
dence, February  12,  1797,  married  and  had 
children:  Rachel,  November  5,  1798;  Lewis, 
March  5,  1801  ;  Margaret,  March  15,  1803; 
Deborah,  November  3,  i8ori,  married,  1825, 
Nathan  West,  and  died  July  17,  1890,  had 
children :  Jane,  Calvin,  Alanson,  Stephen.  An- 
son, home  near  Chicago,  Illinois  :  James,  I-"cb- 
ruary  25,  1809. 

Among  the  representative  fam- 
CORBETT     ilies  of  Central  New  York,  who 

for  generations  have  taken  a 
prominent  part  in  the  business  world,  is  the 
Corbett  family,  the  early  ancestors  of  whom 
settled  in  Mendon,  and  later  Milford,  both  of 
ALassachusetts,  then  the  first  settlers  of  New 
Milford,  Pennsylvania,  and  finally  the  found- 
ers of  Corbettsville,  New  York,  represented  in 
the  present  generation  (1911)  by  Merritt  J. 
Corbett,  of  Binghamton,  New  York,  one  of 
the  largest  manufacturers  of  chemicals  in  the 
United'States.  The  Corbetts  settled  in  Massa- 
chusetts in  the  seventeenth  century.  They  were 
Normans,  descended  from  Roger  Corbett,  a 
military  leader  under  William,  the  First,  in  the 
conquest  of  England.  W'illiam,  the  eldest  son 
of  Roger,  was  seated  at  Wattsborough,  wdiile 
his  second  son.  Sir  Roger  Corbett,  had  for  his 
inheritance  the  castle  and  estate  of  Cons.  Rob- 
ert's   son,    also    named    Robert,    accompanied 

Richard,  the  First,  in  the  Third  Crusade,  A.  D. 
1 191,  to  the  siege  of  Acre,  bearing  on  his  coat- 
of-arms  two  ravens.  Another  Roger  Corbett, 
in  1649,  was  one  of  the  signers  of  Charles,  the 
I""irst's  death  warrant,  and  was  beheaded,  with 
many  others  who  had  also  signed  this  warrant, 
soon  after  Charles  the  Second,  came  to  the 

( I )  Robert  Corbett,  ancestor  of  this  family, 
was  in  Weymouth  early,  and  fought  bravely  in 
King  Philip's  war,  in  1675-76.  Many  of  the 
Weymouth  settlers  became  interested  in  land 
in  Mendon  and  Woodstock,  then  in  Massachu- 
setts, and  Corbett  was  one  of  those  who  set- 
tled in  Woodstock  about  1700.  He  married, 
February  2T,,  1682,  Priscilla,  daughter  of  John 
Rockwood,  of  Mendon.  Children:  i.  Dr.  John, 
born  December  7,  1683;  settled  in  the  north- 
west part  of  Bellingham ;  married  Mehitable 
Rockwood.  2.  Joseph.  3.  Daniel,  mentioned 

(H)  Daniel,  son  of  Robert  Corbett,  was 
born  in  1690,  at  Woodstock.  He  married,  De- 
cember 14,  1717,  Sarah,  born  1694,  daughter 
of  Elder  John  and  Sarah  Jones.  They  lived 
first  at  Bellingham.  where  he  was  a  member  of 
the  Congregational  church.  Afterwards  he 
belonged  to  the  Mendon  church,  joining  in 
1744.  In  1742-44  he  exchanged  farms  with  his 
brother-in-law,  John  Jones,  and  he  removed  to 
North  Purchase,  Mendon,  where  he  had  four 
hundred  acres  of  land.  He  was  elected  elder 
of  the  churcli  in  1749,  and  "was  altogether  an 
influential  member  of  both  civil  and  religious 
society."  Children,  born  in  Bellingham  :  Mercy, 
September  2,  1718;  Daniel,  July  8,  1720.  men- 
tioned below;  Sarah,  May  4,  1722;  Nathaniel, 
March  21,  1724:  Bridget,  February  25,  1726; 
Lois,  December  24,  1727  ;  Eunice,  May  4, 1728; 
Priscilla,  May  9,  1732:  Alice,  February  23, 
1733.  Elder  Daniel  Corbett  died  in  1753, 
and  his  widow  Sarah  administered  his  estate. 
His  widow  afterward  married  John  Sawin,  of 
Watertown,  October  9,  1755. 

(Ill)  Deacon  Daniel  (2)  Corbett,  son  of 
Elder  Daniel  ( I  )  Corbett,  was  born  July  8, 
1720.  He  married  (intention  dated  November 
4,  1 741  )  Mary  Holbrook.  It  is  thought  that 
they  lived  for  a  time  in  \\'rentham  West  Par- 
ish, now  Franklin,  Massachusetts,  but  the  births 
of  children  are  not  recorded  there.  Deacon 
Daniel  Corbett  inherited  and  left  a  large  estate, 
which  appears  to  have  been  equital)ly  distrib- 
uted, after  his  death,  among  his  children.  He 
and  his  wife  were  among  the  temporary  "come- 

NHW    \()RK. 


outers"  from  the  Congregational  church,  dur- 
ing the  pastorate  of  Rev.  Mr.  Frost,  ami  for  a 
time  were  among  the  adherents  of  Rev.  Samuel 
Hove}'.  Daniel  Corbett  died  in  1761.  and  his 
widow  married.  I-'ebruary  7.  1770,  Lieutenant 
Josiah  Chapin,  whom  she  survived.  She  died 
November  7,  1809.  Children:  Kathaniel.  born 
at  Bellingham,  May  20,  1742,  married  Lucy 
Thayer;  Priscilla,  November  16.  1743.  Born 
at  North  Purchase,  Mendon :  Robert,  mention- 
ed below;  Daniel,  October  22,  1746;  Peter. 
.\ugust  2;^,  1748;  Josei)li.  May  3,  1750;  F.ldad, 
March  3.  1752,  married  Hannah  Stearns  ;  Mary, 
|ul\-  28,  1753,  died  young;  Mary,  November 
15,  1755,  married  Elisha  White:  Hepzibah. 
July  21,  1757,  married,  June  4,  1777,  \\'illiam 
Legg;  Beidah,  October  9,  1759,  married,  Au- 
gust 19,  1778,  Daniel  Thayer;  John,  November 
22,  1761,  married,  .April  6,  1786,  Lydia  Cheney. 
(I\')  Robert,  son  of  Deacon  Daniel  (2) 
Corbett,  was  born  at  North  Purchase,  later 
called  Mendon.  February  10,  1745.  He  mar- 
ried Elizabeth  Daniels,  of  HoUiston,  of  an  old 
.Sherburn  family.  .\])ril  5,  1769.  She  was  born 
in  1751,  died  Se])tember  25.  1840.  Robert 
Corbett  settled  in  Mendon,  anfl  was  a  soldier 
in  the  revolution  from  Mendon,  a  private  in 
Captain  Ciershom  .Nelson's  company,  on  the 
[,exington  alarm,  .\])ril  19,  1773,  to  Cambridge 
and  RoNbury,  and  also  under  the  .same  cai)tain, 
July  II),  1776  (p.  995  and  p.  999,  "Mass.  Rev. 
Rolls."  iii).  He  was  virtually  the  founder, 
and  gave  to  the  town  of  New  Mil  ford,  Penn- 
sylvania, the  name  of  his  former  home.  Mil- 
ford,  Massachusetts,  formerly  North  Purchase 
of  Mendon.  In  1790  he  and  his  family  located 
on  the  ground  in  New  Mil  ford.  Pennsvlvania, 
formerly  occupied  by  a  hunter  named  De\'aux. 
The  history  of  New  .Milford  says  he  came 
from  "near  Boston,"  through  the  agency  of 
Mr.  Cooper,  of  Cooperstown,  New  York.  In 
171)9  a  road  was  laid  out  from  Corbett's  home 
to  .Solomon  Millard's  house,  in  Nicholson,  now 
Lenox.  In  1801  Corbett  was  taxed  as  an  inn- 
keejier.  but  must  have  left  New  Milford  soon 
afterward,  with  his  sons  Sewell  and  Cooper, 
to  locate  at  the  mouth  of  Snake  creek,  now 
known  as  Corbettsville,  New  York,  named  for 
him  and  his  family.  His  son  Asaph  remained 
in  New  Milford.  and,  in  1802.  was  an  assessor 
there,  in  the  W'illingborough  district,  and  about 
this  time  he  probably  built  the  first  frame 
house  in  New  Milford,  on  land  later  part  of 
the  garden  of  Henry  Burnett.  The  house  was 
removed  man\"  vears  aeo  to  the  bank  of  the 

creek  and  seventy  years  later,  when  it  was  de- 
molished, the  timbers  were  so  sound  that  many 
of  them  were  used  in  building  the  new  house 
of  Charles  Ward.  The  old  house  was  the 
temporary  home  of  many  of  the  early  settlers. 
Asaph  Corbett  removed,  about  1812,  to  the 
west  shore  of  Seneca  lake,  near  Watkin's 
Cilen,  where  he  s]ient  the  remainder  of  his  life. 
Robert  Corbett  died  May  (>,  1823.  .After  he 
went  to  Pennsylvania  he  sold  land  at  Milford, 
Massachusetts,  November  21.  1793,  giving  his 
then  residence  as  Salt  Lick,  Luzerne  coun- 
ty, Pennsylvania.  Children,  born  at  Milford: 
.\saph,  born  September  24,  1770,  married,  at 
llopkinton,  Massacliusetts,  in  1790,  Matilda 
Reed;  Ede,  born  August  28,  1771.  married 
Hasper  Daniell  Hunt;  Pruda,  July  30,  1773, 
died  -April  13.  1776;  Puah,  March  2,  1776,  died 
March  28,  following;  Pruda,  February  8,  1777: 
Ruby,  married,  March,  1794,  Benjamin  Hay- 
den,  of  New  Milford,  son  of  Samuel:  Ruth, 
Jime  i(),  1781, married  Daniel  Leach;  Eve, July 
LS.  1783.  married  Captain  Hezekiah  Leach; 
Sewell.  mentioned  below;  Cooper,  born  at  New 
Milford,  lived  at  Binghamton,  New  York,  to 
a  great  age  ;  Warren. 

(  V  )  Sewell,  son  of  Robert  Corbett.  was  born 
at  Milford,  b>bruary  26,  1783.  died  February 
24,  1832.  He  was  a  farmer  at  Corbettsville, 
New  York,  and  became  active  in  other  lines, 
owning  and  operating  a  gristmill  and  a  saw- 
mill, a  foundry,  and  conducting  a  general  store. 
He  was  a  prominent  man  in  the  community, 
living  and  dying  on  the  homestead,  where  his 
father  located  in  1804.  and  on  which  the  old 
house  is  still  standing.  He  was  a  very  large 
landholder,  owning  over  eleven  hundred  acres 
of  land,  and  at  his  death  this  was  divided,  and 
each  of  his  children  received  a  farm.  .A  man 
greatly  beloved  and  highly  respected  by  all. 
The  home  of  Sewell  Corbett,  at  Corbettsville, 
was  the  stopping  place  of  all  the  itinerant 
ministers  in  the  early  days.  They  frec|uently 
preached  and  held  religious  services  under  his 
roof.  He  was  also  postmaster,  and  kept  the 
pest  office  in  his  house  for  a  number  of  years. 

He  married,  in  1822.  Chloe  Smith,  who  was 
born  September  23,  1804.  in  Mount  Pleasant. 
F^ennsylvania.  Children:  i.  Julia  Ann,  born 
January  13,  1824.  2.  .Amanda  Jane,  .April  17. 
1826.  3.  Ruby  Cornelia,  November  i,  1828: 
married,  January  31,  1834,  John  C.  Fish,  Esq., 
lawyer  of  Great  Bend,  Pemisylvania ;  died 
September  2.  i88r).  4.  Julius  Smith,  mentioned 
below.    3.  Julia  .Ann  Elizabeth,  .Vugust  26,  1833  ; 



married,  November  26,  1853,  Dr.  Alerritt  H.  C. 
Vail.  6.  Amanda  Jane,  July  8,  1838;  married, 
April  12,  1859,  John  Bayless.  7.  Sarah,  born 
September  6,  1842,  died  same  day.  8.  Sewell 
Frank,  born  September  26,  1843,  died  April 
II,  1845.  9.  Myrtis  Chloe,  born  January  31, 
1848;  married,  July  18,  1875,  Marcus  W. 
Scott,  superintendent  of  Binghamton  (New 
York)  schools  seventy-three  years,  a  great 
teacher  antl  educator;  died  Alay  9,  1891. 

(VI)  Julius  Smith,  son  of  Sewell  Corbett, 
was  born  November  22,  1831.  in  Corbettsville. 
fie  was  educated  at  the  Binghamton  Academy, 
and  later  at  Homer,  and  as  a  young  man  be- 
came associated  with  his  father,  and  after  the 
latter's  death  he  changed  the  foundry  to  a  tan- 
nery, and  conducted  this  for  a  time.  He  then 
sold  it  to  Friend  H.  Burt,  of  Boston.  He  also 
operated  the  gristmill  and  the  sawmill,  cutting 
most  of  the  timber  from  the  large  tracts  of 
land  left  by  his  father,  and  also  purchased 
other  timber  lands.  This  he  continued  to  1881, 
then  sold  the  mill,  and,  in  1883,  came  to  Bing- 
hamton. Some  time  after  selling  the  mill 
he  became  interested,  with  John  Emmons,  \  . 
Mandville  and  Mr.  Nitckee,  in  the  chemical 
business.  They  built  the  first  plant  at  Livings- 
ton Manor,  the  first  plant  of  the  kind  in  the 
country.  Later  he  started  the  building  of  a 
plant  at  Rockland,  New  York,  but  his  health 
failed  and  his  son  completed  it  and  then  dis- 
posed of  it.  After  recovering  his  health  he 
purchased  a  ]-ilant  at  Sherman  and  operated  it, 
also  had  an  interest  with  his  son,  and  this  con- 
tinued up  to  the  time  of  his  death.  The  Liv- 
ingston Manor  plant  is  still  operated  by  his 
son,  who  later,  with  Mr.  Stuart,  purchased  the 
plant  at  Sherman,  both  of  which  they  still  own. 
Mr.  Corbett  took  a  great  interest  in  the  temper- 
ance cause,  and  at  a  meeting  of  the  town,  of 
which  he  was  chairman,  a  vote  was  taken  by 
the  citizens  of  the  town  on  the  question  of 
license  or  no  license.  It  was  a  tie  vote,  and  he, 
as  chairman,  cast  the  deciding  vote  against 
license,  and  this  has  since  been  the  policy  of 
the  town. 

For  many  years  he  represented  the  town  of 
Conklin  in  the  board  of  supervisors,  and,  al- 
though a  staunch  Republican,  he  was  several 
times  the  candidate  of  both  Democratic  and 
Republican  parties.  He  was  an  active  member 
of  the  Presbyterian  church,  at  Conklin,  which 
he  supported  liberally,  but  after  coming  to  Bing- 
hamton, at  the  earnest  solicitation  of  Dr.  Holly, 
pastor  of  the  First  Congregational  Church,  he 

became  an  active  member  of  that  church.  He 
was  a  fine  example  of  a  good,  honest,  upright, 
prosperous  citizen.  His  business  ventures  have 
been  of  a  nature  that  tended  to  the  welfare 
and  prosperity  of  numerous  homes,  and  the 
happiness,  of  which  he  was  indirectly  author, 
was  great.  He  was  essentially  a  man  of  honor, 
and  the  integrity  of  his  nature  and  the  upright- 
ness of  his  character  were  ever  visible  in  his 
business  and  social  relations.  Kind,  manly  and 
true  hearted,  Mr.  Corbett  was  always  an  ex- 
ample for  good  among  his  associates,  and  the 
beneficent  mfluence  of  his  life  and  the  im- 
pressions his  sterling  character  have  made 
upon  men  will  not  soon  fade  away. 

His  death  occurred  March  7,  1899,  at  his 
home,  No.  82  Chestnut  street,  Binghamton, 
and  removed  from  that  city  one  of  its  most 
prosperous  and  influential  citizens. 

Mr.  Corbett  was  of  a  nature  so  modest  and 
unobtrusive  that  men  accepted  him  for  what 
he  was,  and  came  to  reckon  with  him  as  a 
fixed  and  stable  quantity.  His  death  brought 
his  personality  and  his  life  record  into  bold 
relief,  bringing  vividly  before  the  mind  of 
every  one  who  ever  had  any  dealings  with  him 
the  picture  of  a  character  that  might  well 
awaken  enthusiasm  and  an  example  well  worthy 
of  emulation.  It  is  a  satisfaction  to  contem- 
plate a  personality  so  thoroughly  wholesome, 
upright  and  four-square  in  its  substantial  out- 
lines as  that  of  this  quiet  Christian  gentleman. 
The  keynote  of  Mr.  Corbett's  character  was 
honesty  and  a  scrupulous  regard  for  every  ob- 
ligation. He  came  of  a  family  in  which  the 
sense  of  duty  was  very  strong.  "Full  measure, 
pressed  down  and. running  over,"  was  the  law 
of  his  business  dealings.  He  would  rather  pay 
a  man  more  than  was  due  him  than  run  any 
chance  of  paying  less.  He  usually  planned  to 
meet  his  obligations  before  they  were  due.  A 
large  employer  of  labor,  he  was  universally 
respected  and  beloved  by  those  who  worked 
for  him.  He  keenly  appreciated  the  situation 
of  the  working  man,  and  of  those  less  for- 
tunately situatea,  to  whom  life  is  an  anxious 
struggle  for  daily  bread,  and  he  felt  it  a  ])art 
of  his  Christian  obligation  to  deal  generously 
with  all  such.  Many  was  the  debt  that  was 
never  collected  ;  many  the  tenant,  hard  pressed, 
who  found  a  month's  rent  generously  remitted 
by  his  landlord. 

Mr.  Corbett  was  a  hearty  and  unquestioning 
believer  in  Christianity.  He  found  in  it  the 
law  of  right  living  here  and  of  hope  for  the 

//////tJ  .  /     Gcrf.>e 



hereafter.  Earl}'  in  life  he  took  his  stand  as  a 
Christian,  and  the  qnahty  of  his  faith  was  testi- 
fied by  his  works.  He  was  a  man  who  ajipre- 
ciated  the  value  of  the  great  conservative  insti- 
tutions of  human  society,  the  family,  the  state, 
the  church.  In  his  relationship  to  his  church, 
to  his  political  party,  and  to  his  business  asso- 
ciates, he  was  ever  found  loyal  and  steadfast. 
Mr.  Corbett  married,  October  14, 1858,  Emma 
Ruth,  born  near  Chenanfo,  Tioga  county,  New 
York,  daughter  of  Rev.  J.  M.  (irimes,  a  Meth- 
odist minister,  member  of  the  Wyoming  Con- 
ference, and  Rachel  Candficld  (  Taylor  )  Grimes. 
John  M.  Grimes,  a  member  of  Wyoming  Con- 
ference, was  born  in  the  town  of  Candor,  Tioga 
county.  New  York,  November  19,  i8r2,  died 
at  his  home,  near  Flemingville,  .New  York, 
October  16,  1891.  His  parents  were  members 
of  the  Presbyterian  church,  and  after  prayer- 
ful study  of  various  church  creeds  and  the  word 
of  God  he  became  a  member  of  the  Methodist 
Episcopal  church,  at  hdemingville.  New  York, 
at  about  twenty.  The  pastor,  John  Griffin, 
gave  him  license  to  exhort,  April  10,  1837.  He 
received  license  to  preach  from  George  Her- 
man, presiding  elder,  November  19,  1839.  So 
clear  was  his  call  to  the  ministry  that  the  Quar- 
terly Conference,  held  at  Flemingville.  July  13, 
[844,  recommended  him  to  Oneida  Conference, 
and  also  for  deacon's  orders,  into  which  con- 
ference he  was  received  on  probation  in  Au- 
gust, and  ordained  deacon,  by  Bisho])  Ilamline, 
August  2^.  1844.  John  M.  Grimes  luarried 
Rachel  C.  Taylor,  March  22,  1838.  Her  natural 
ability  and  scholarly  attainments,  united  with 
her  strong  faith  and  clear  Christian  experience. 
(|ualified  her  to  speak  words  of  wisdom  in 
])rivate.  and  in  i)ublic  her  prayers  and  testi- 
uKinv  were  always  a  power  for  good.  Reverend 
Grimes  was  a  minister  fifty-two  years,  and  a 
member  of  conference  for  forty-seven  years, 
and  never  failed  to  be  present  at  its  regular 
sessions.  For  twenty-seven  years  he  received 
regular  appointments  and  always  entered  cheer- 
fully upon  his  work.  He  served  seventeen 
charges,  and  his  labors  were  blessed  in  the 
salvation  of  souls  and  the  sanctification  of  be- 
lievers. During  his  ministry  he  led  two  tlniu- 
sand  souls  to  Christ.  Children  of  Mr.  and 
Mrs.  Corbett,  born  at  Corbettsville :  i.  Nettie 
Eloise.  ]\Iarch  15.  i860,  died  May  13,  kX)"  : 
married,  February  28,  1883,  John  L.  Stuart; 
children:  Charlotte  E.,  born  October  4,  1885: 
Merritt  C.  born  October  27.  1887  ;  John  Leon- 
ard, October  2^,  1892.    2.  Julia  .Mice,  Novem- 

ber 12,  1861  :  married,  September  26,  1883, 
Melvin  C.  Craver ;  children:  George  C,  born 
Alay  2,  1889;  Emma  Ruth,  April  4,  1891  ; 
Helen  Louise,  June  16,  1892.  3.  Merritt  J., 
mentioned  below. 

(  \'n  )  Merritt  J.,  son  of  Julius  Smith  Cor- 
bett, was  born  on  the  old  homestead,  at  Cor- 
bettsville, New  York,  ]\Iay  3,  1865.  He  at- 
tended the  public  schools  of  Corbettsville,  New 
York,  and  the  high  school  of  Binghamton, 
New  York.  For  a  time  he  was  bookkeeper 
for  the  firm  of  Anderson  &  Gregg,  shoe  dealers, 
and  afterward  in  a  similar  capacity  for  the 
Merchants'  liank,  of  liinghamton,  for  four 
years.  In  1885  he  became  associated  with  his 
father,  as  a  ]iartiur  in  the  manufacture  of 
acids.  This  contiiuied  for  about  three  months, 
when  the  partnership  was  dissolved,  and  Mer- 
ritt J.  continued  the  business  alone.  After  a 
short  time  he  admitted  his  brother-in-law,  and 
the  firm  became  Corbett  &•  Stuart.  Mr.  Corbett 
being  the  secretary  and  treasurer.  They  built 
their  first  jilant  at  Harvard,  New  York,  in 
1887,  and  their  second,  in  1890,  at  East  Branch, 
New  York,  and,  in  1892,  a  third  plant  at  Trout 
Brook,  New  York,  and  later  they  purchased  a 
plant  at  Sherman,  Pennsylvania,  and  also  one 
at  Livingston  Manor,  New  York,  and,  in  1898, 
they  built  their  largest  plant  at  St.  Mary's, 
Pennsylvania,  operating  in  all  six  plants.  Of  the 
above  ]ilants  the  first  five  are  o]ierated  by  Cor- 
bett &  Stuart,  and  the  last  plant,  at  St.  Mary's, 
is  ojierated  Ijy  M.  J.  Cnrbett  &  Company. 
Julius  S.  Corbett,  father  of  M.  J.  Corbett,  was 
for  many  years  a  stockholder  in  this  concern. 

In  addition  to  this  business,  which  Merritt  J. 
Corbett  has  built  up  to  its  enormous  propor- 
tions, he  has  always  taken  an  active  part  and 
interest  in  ]")ublic  affairs  in  Binghamton.  In 
1907  he  was  appointed,  by  Governor  Hughes, 
one  of  the  board  of  managers  of  the  Bingham- 
ton State  Insane  Asylum,  to  fill  an  unexpired 
term  of  two  years,  and  at  the  expiration  of  this 
term,  in  1909,  he  was  reapjiointed  by  the  gov- 
ernor for  the  full  term  of  six  years,  to  serve 
until  191 5.  He  has  been  a  director  of  the 
First  National  Bank  since  1904;  secretary  of 
"The  Boys'  Club" ;  member  of  the  Chemist 
Club,  of  New  York ;  one  of  the  organizers  of 
the  Binghamton  Country  Club,  on  the  board 
of  managers  ten  years  and  treasurer  a  number 
of  years ;  member  of  Binghamton  Press  Club  ; 
one  of  the  members  of  the  executive  committee 
and  on  the  board  of  directors  of  the  Manu- 
facturers'   Cliemical    Company,    of    Bradford, 


I'ennsylvania ;  president  of  the  Binghamton 
Cold  Storage  Company ;  vice-president  of  the 
Broome  County  Reahy  Company ;  director  of 
the  Acrum  Gypsum  Company;  director  of  the 
Yorktown  Chemical  Company,  and  a  member 
of  the  Lenape  T'ishing  Club.  He  was  for  sev- 
eral years  president  of  the  Young  Men's  Chris- 
tian Association,  of  Binghamton,  and  under 
his  direction  the  present  magnificent  new  build- 
ing was  erected.  He  is  a  trustee  of  the  First 
Presbyterian  Church.  In  politics  he  is  a  Re- 

i\Ir.  Corbett  married,  April  30,  1890,  Julia 
Morgan,  born  July  24,  1867,  daughter  of  Closes 
and  Sarah  A.  Morgan.  Thev  have  no  children. 

Robert  Ashley,  immigrant  an- 
ASHLEY     cestor,   is  first  mentioned   as  a 

resident  of  Springfield,  Massa- 
chusetts, on  January  13,  1638-39,  when  there 
was  a  rating  of  forty  pounds  agreed  upon  to 
meet  a  portion  of  the  expense  of  the  minister's 
residence  and  maintenance.  At  this  time  Rob- 
ert Ashley  gave  the  sum  of  one  pound  sixteen 
shillings,  the  fifth  in  amount  on  the  list.  The 
first  allotment  of  land  that  he  received  was  on 
January  5,  1640-41,  when  he  had  lot  No.  3,  of 
eight  rods,  he  being  unmarried,  situated  be- 
tween Widow  Searle  and  John  Dibble.  The 
next  important  record  of  him  is  .\ugust  7, 
1641,  when  Air.  Pynchon,  founder  of  Spring- 
field, announced  on  this  record  the  marriage 
of  Robert  Ashley  and  Widow  Horton,  which 
was  to  take  place  soon.  At  that  time  she  gave 
over  all  her  property  to  him,  providing  that  he 
cared  for  her  two  sons.  He  married,  1641, 
Mary,  widow  of  Thomas  Horton,  of  Spring- 
field. The  home  lots  of  the  inhabitants  were 
laid  out  on  the  west  side  of  what  is  now  Main 
street,  extending  to  the  Connecticut  river,  while 
on  the  east  side  of  Main  street  was  the  "wet 
meadow,"  which  was  allotted  to  each  inhabit- 
ant in  the  same  width,  opposite  his  home  lot, 
and  running  forty  rods  to  the  foot  of  the  hill. 
Adjoining  the  "wet  meadow,"  on  the  eastern 
end,  was  also  given  a  wood  lot,  eighty  rods  in 
length  and  eight  rods  wide.  Robert  Ashley's 
lot  was  on  what  is  now  the  northwest  corner 
of  Main  and  State  streets,  and  extended  to 
the  river.  There  were  only  four  other  inhabit- 
ants who  owned  more  land  than  he  did  at  this 
time,  and,  in  1647,  he  was  ta.xed  on  fifty-one 
acres.  In  1646  he  was  licensed  to  keep  the 
ordinary,  and,  January  22,  1651-52,  he  received 
a  grant  of  land  on  Mill  river,  on  condition  that 

he  do  so.  Un  June  27,  1655,  he  was  forbidden 
to  sell  "eyther  wine  or  strong  waters  to  Eng- 
lish or  Indians."  He  probably  resigned  his  posi- 
tion as  keeper  of  the  ordinary  in  the   fall  of 

1660,  for,  December  31,  1660,  Samuel  Marsh- 
field  was  appointed  to  keep  it.  By  this  time 
Robert  .Ashley  owned  much  land  on  the  west 
side  of  the  Connecticut  river,  and  his  house 
lot  there  had  been  granted  him  in  February. 

1661,  "provided  that  he  build  and  dwell  there." 
He  probably  built  soon  after  this,  and  he  lived 
there  the  remaining  twenty  years  of  his  life. 

He  was  often  called  to  serve  as  juryman, 
his  first  appearance  being  January  2,  1639-40, 
when  he  was  on  the  jury  that  tried  Mr.  Moxon's 
slander  suit  against  John  Woodcock.  He  also 
served  on  the  juries  at  Springfield,  February 
13,  1639-40,  Alarch  I,  1654,  and  those  in  the 
month  of  Se];)tember,  in  1661-62-64-67-70.  He 
and  Miles  Alorgan  were  chosen  for  overseers 
of  the  fences  of  the  house  lots,  November  3, 
i')46.  He  and  \\  illiam  Warriner  were  chosen 
overseers  of  fences  for  the  fields  in  the  upper 
part  of  the  town,  November  5,  1650.  He  was 
chosen  surveyor  of  highways,  with  Nathaniel 
Bliss,  November  4,  165 1,  and  was  again  chosen 
to  this  oiifice  in  1652  and  1657.  In  1653,  at  the 
reorganization  of  the  town  by  the  younger 
men,  he  was  chosen  one  of  the  five  selectmen, 
and  was  reelected  annually  until  1659,  and  in 
1660-62-65  ;  being  first  selectman  in  1657.  In 
1655  he,  with  two  others,  refused  to  serve,  and 
were  fined  twenty  shillings  apiece.  He  took 
the  oath  of  fidelity  March  23,  1655-56.  On 
February  7,  1659,  he  was  chosen  town  con- 
stable, and.  March  5.  1659,  sealer  of  weights 
and  measures,  being  reelected  to  the  latter  office 
the  next  year.  In  April,  1665  he,  with  several 
others,  was  fined  for  being  absent  from  town 
ineeting.  On  March  30,  1669,  he  was  freed 
from  military  training  on  petition.  In  Feb- 
ruary. 1653.  he  received  three  shillings  as  pay- 
ment "for  the  use  of  his  mare  for  the  use  of 
the  church."  He  was  on  the  firsit  seating  com- 
mittee of  the  church,  December  23,  1659,  and 
sat  in  the  first  seat.  In  1663  he  was  again  on 
the  seating  committee.  He  took  the  oath  of 
allegiance,  with  the  other  inhabitants  of  Spring- 
field, December  31,  1678.  He  died  in  West 
Springfield.  November  29,  1683,  and  his  wife 
died  there,  September  19,  1683.  She  and  his 
son  Joseph  were  made  administrators  of  his 
estate,  and  he  mentioned  in  his  will,  made 
October  9,  1679,  his  sons  Jonathan,  Joseph, 
David,   wife    Mary,   grandson   John,   child   of 

^•E\^'  YORK. 


son  David,  and  John  Root.  Children,  born  in 
Springfield:  David  (twin),  June  3,  1642,  men- 
tioned below:  daughter  (twin),  June  3,  1642, 
died  soon  after  ;  Mary.  April  6,  1644  :  Jonathan, 
February  25,  1645-46;  Sarah,  August  2^,  1648, 
probably  died  young,  as  she  is  not  mentioned 
in  her  father's  will  of  1679:  Joseph,  July  A, 

( II )  David,  son  of  Robert  Ashley,  was  born 
in  Springfield,  June  3,  1642,  died  December  8, 
1718,  ill  W'estfield.  Massachusetts.  He  mar- 
ried, November  24,  1663,  Hannah,  daughter 
of  Henry  and  Helena  Glover,  born  May,  1646, 
Xew  Haven  :  dietl  June  7.  1722,  W'estfield.  He 
settled  in  Springfield,  and  lived  there  until  he 
iiad  been  married  three  years.  He  received  a 
grant  of  land  at  W'oronoco,  now  W'estfield, 
February  8,  1663-64,  on  condition  that  he  and 
the  other  grantees  "pay  the  Indians  for  their 
purchase  within  three  years  and  that  they  go 
there  to  dwell.''  His  father  had  also  a  grant 
of  land  there  in  1661,  the  title  of  which  was 
eventually  confirmed  on  David.  The  latter 
was  one  of  the  original  grantees  on  the  Fort 
Side  (Main  .street),  July  6,  i66f),  and  probably 
removed  his  family  there  in  the  spring  of  1667. 
.March,  i6()8.  a  division  of  land  was  made  into 
three  parts,  and  lots  cast  for  it,  and  his  lands 
fell  in  the  first  division.  He  and  Joseph  Whit- 
ing received  Sacketts  creek,  in  March,  i6fK). 
"to  set  a  mill  thereon  and  grind  ct)rn."  During 
King  Philip's  war  he  was  one  of  a  committee 
of  three,  appointed  to  convey  to  the  govern- 
ment, at  P)Oston,  the  protest  of  the  town  against 
a  letter,  dated  March  20,  1676,  which  advised 
the  inhabitants  to  abandon  W'estfield  and  re- 
treat to  Springfield  for  ])rotection  against  the 
Indians.  He  was  granted,  with  three  others, 
liberty  to  erect  a  sawmill  on  the  brook,  on  the 
northeast  side  of  the  river.  Towards  the  close 
of  Queen  Anne's  war,  June  9.  1712,  his  was 
one  of  the  houses  chosen  for  a  fort.  He  hekl 
a  number  of  responsible  offices:  juror.  1665: 
selectman,  i676-77-79-85-g4-ij9 :  clerk  of  the 
writs,  1678-86-90:  treasurer,  1694.  He  perform- 
ed the  duties  of  these  offices  in  a  manner  satis- 
factor)-  to  the  town  and  was  a  highly  respected 
citizen.  He  united  with  the  W'estfield  church. 
January  i,  1679-80,  and  took  the  freeman's 
oath,  September  28,  1680.  Roth  he  and  his 
wife  were  buried  in  the  old  W'estfield  cemetery, 
where  their  gravestones  may  still  be  seen.  Chil- 
dren, the  first  two  born  in  Springfield,  the 
others  in  W'estfield:  Samuel,  October  26,  1664. 
mentioned  below;  David,  March  10,  1666-67; 

John,  June  2J.  1669;  Joseph,  July  31,  1671  ; 
Sarah,  September  10,  1673;  Mary  (twin),  De- 
cember 26,  1675.  died  July  19,  1676;  Hannah 
(twin),  December  26,  1675;  Jonathan,  June 
21,  1678;  .Abigail,  April  2y.  1681  ;  Mary,  March 
3,  1682-83:  Rebecca,  May  30,  1685. 

(HI)  Samuel,  son  of  David  Ashley,  was 
born  in  Springfield,  October  26,  1664,  died  in 
W'estfield,  1722.  He  married,  .April  2~.  1686, 
in  I  ladle}-,  ^lassachusetts,  Sarah,  daughter  of 
Lieutenant  Joseph  and  Joanna  Kellogg,  born 
August  2/.  1666,  in  Hadley  :  died  January  30, 
1729,  in  W'estfield.  He  settled  in  the  latter 
town,  where  he  was  a  carpenter  by  trade.  He 
was  also  engaged  in  farming,  and  kept  the  inn 
at  W^estfiekl  for  a  number  of  years.  He  was 
a  considerable  landowner,  and  had  a  quarter 
interest  in  a  gristmill  at  Two  Mile  Brook,  in 
com]3any  with  his  brother,  Deacon  David  Ash- 
ley, and  Lieutenant  James  Dewey.  During 
Oucen  .Anne's  war.  June  9.  171 2,  three  houses 
in  the  town  were  selected  "to  be  forted,"  as  a 
protection  against  the  Indians,  and  his  was  one 
of  the  three.  In  1719  he  sold  to  his  brother 
David  half  the  home  lot  which  had  belonged 
to  their  father,  and  his  name  appears  on  a  large 
number  of  deeds  of  land  during  his  residence 
in  W'estfield.  He  held  a  large  number  of  town 
offices:  tythingman,  1697-98  antl  1703;  select- 
man, 1703-04-20:  in  1700  he  was  chosen,  with 
iiis  brother  David  and  two  others,  a  committee 
to  build  the  schoolhouse,  and,  in  17CK),  was 
elected  constable,  but  refused  to  serve.  March 
8,  1713-14.  he  was  appointed  one  of  a  com- 
mittee to  settle  the  bounds  between  W'estfield 
and  Springfield.  He  united  with  the  church, 
April  15.  1 714.  and  was  an  active  member.  He 
was  ai^pointed  on  the  committee  to  build  a 
new  meeting-house,  in  1719.  and  on  its  com- 
pletion was  chosen  on  the  seating  committee, 
1721.  His  services  in  the  church  were  con- 
sidered worthy  of  a  special  vote  of  the  town 
after  his  death.  Children,  born  in  W'estfield: 
Marv,  March  6.  1687.  died  in  infancy;  Samuel, 
November  3,  1688:  Daniel,  September  7,  1691, 
mentioned  below:  Sarah.  September  11.  1693, 
died  in  infancy:  Rachel.  February  14,  i<595; 
Jactib,  September  24,  1697;  Joanna,  February 
6,  1699:  Ezekiel,  April  2j.  1701  ;  Aaron.  Janu- 
ary 1,  1702-03;  Abigail.  May  27,.  1708:  Joseph. 
October  11.  1709. 

(I\')  Daniel,  son  of  Samuel  .Ashley,  was 
born  .September  7,  i6gi,  in  W'estfield;  died  in 
1726,  before  November  4,  when  his  inventory 
was  taken.     He  married  (intentions  published 



November  15,  1718),  in  W'estfield,  Thankful 
(Hawks)  Taylor,  widow  of  Thomas  Taylor, 
and  daughter  of  Deacon  Eleazer  and  Judith 
(  Smead  )  Hawks,  born  in  Deerfield,  1690.  She 
married  (third),  March  6,  1728-29,  Colonel 
\\'illiam  Symes,  of  Northtield,  I\Iassachusetts. 
He  settled  in  Westfield,  and  was  one  of  the 
original  proprietors  of  the  Lower  Township, 
now  Shefifield,  on  the  Housatonic  river.  There 
is  no  evidence,  however,  that  he  ever  removed 
there.  He  was  appointed  from  Deerfield  to 
attend  the  delegates  from  the  Five  Nations, 
wdio  came  to  Albany  in  the  summer  of  1723. 
and  were  thence  conducted  to  Boston  to  hold 
conference  with  the  English  commissioners. 
He  was  a  farmer  by  occupation.  Children, 
born  in  Westfield :  Samuel,  March  20,  1720, 
mentioned  below:  Martin,  September  17,  1724. 
(V)  Colonel  Samuel  (2)-  Ashley,  son  of 
Daniel  Ashley,  was  born  March  20,  1720,  in 
Westfield:  died  February  18,  1792,  in  Clare- 
mont.  New  Hampshire.  He  married,  1742,  in 
Northfield,  Eunice,  daughter  of  Rev.  Benja- 
min and  Lydia  (Todd)  Doolittle,  born  July 
24,  1724,  in  Northfield;  died  in  1807,  in  Clare- 
mont.  He  spent  his  youth  in  Northfield  and 
settled  there  after  his  marriage,  in  1742.  He 
had  been  an  original  grantee  of  the  town  of 
Winchester,  New  Hampshire,  under  the  Massa- 
chusetts charter,  and,  in  1753,  when  by  the 
settlement  of  the  boundary  between  the  former 
state  and  Massachusetts  that  town  became  a 
part  of  New  Hampshire,  he  settled  there,  and 
became  one  of  the  first  selectmen.  He  was 
one  of  the  "Hinsdale  petitioners,"  .August  29, 
1753,  and  also  a  petitioner  and  grantee  of  the 
towns  of  ^\'indsor,  \'ermont.  in  1761  :  Shrews- 
bury, A'ermont,  1763,  and  Claremont,  New 
Hampshire,  1784.  In  1781,  in  the  Vermont 
controversy,  a  contention  in  which  New  York 
claimed  jurisdiction  over  the  former  state.  Colo- 
nel Ashley,  with  ten  others,  protested  against 
the  proceedings  of  the  convention,  and  bv 
united  and  determined  action  prevented  civil 
feud.  About  this  time  he  removed  to  Clare- 
mont, which  had  been  granted  to  him,  and 
sixty-eight  others.  October  26,  1764.  and  was 
chosen  first  moderator.  He  and  members  of 
his  family  at  this  date,  1784,  possessed  twenty- 
two  of  the  seventy-five  shares  into  which  the 
town  had  been  originally  divided.  At  a  meet- 
ing of  the  proprietors.  May  26,  1784,  these 
shares  were  laid  out  into  one  tract,  and  the 
dividing   line   named    "Ashley's    Lane."      The 

land  thus  acquired  was  controlled  independently 
from  the  other  town  proprietors. 

Colonel  Ashley  had  a  long  and  brilliant  mili- 
tary service,  from  the  French  and  Indian  wars, 
through  the  revolution.  He  served  at  Fort 
Dummer,  under  Captain  Josiah  Kellogg,  from 
August  7  to  November  20,  1740,  enlisted  the 
following  day  in  Captain  Josiah  Willard's  com- 
pany, for  duty  at  the  same  place,  and  was  dis- 
charged, ]\Iarch  4,  1741-42.  He  served  also 
in  Captain  ^^'illard"s  company,  from  May  25 
to  November  21,  1742, -and  from  February  12, 
1748,  to  June  7,  1749.  At  the  outbreak  of  the 
revolution  he  was  a  delegate  to  the  provincial 
government,  as  representative  from  W'inches- 
ter,  and  was  at  the  session.  May  10,  1774,  at 
Portsmouth,  at  which  a  committee  of  corre- 
spondence was  appointed  for  the  purpose  of 
exchanging  information  with  similar  commit- 
tees from  other  colonies.  He  was  also  a  dele- 
gate to  the  convention  held  at  E.xeter,  July  21, 
1774,  which  appointed  representatives  to  the 
first  continental  congress,  at  Philadelphia,  and 
also  to  those  held  there  January  5  and  April 
21.  1775-  May  17,  1775.  at  the  meeting  of  an- 
other convention,  which  styled  itself  the  first 
provisional  congress,  the  famous  committee  of 
safety  was  appointed,  and  at  another  session, 
held  that  same  day,  four  more  members  were 
added  to  the  latter  committee,  among  whom 
Colonel  .Ashley  was  one.  He  was  in  continual 
attendance  from  June  14th  to  June  29th.  He 
acted  as  mustering  officer  from  the  last  date  to 
October  31,  1775,  and  was  commissioned  colo- 
nel, August  24,  of  the  first  part  of  the  regi- 
ment, formerly  commanded  by  Colonel  Josiah 
Willard.  From  October  31st  to  November 
i6th  he  was  again  a  constant  attendant  on  the 
committee.  He  was  elected  a  member  of  the 
council  of  eight,  January  5,  1776,  and  served 
on  that  body  until  1780.  He  was  appointed 
first  justice  of  the  inferior  court  of  common 
pleas,  of  Cheshire  county,  January  10,  1776, 
and,  June  26th,  the  house  voted  to  appoint  a 
committee  to  consider  a  petition  of  Colonel 
Ashley,  and  others,  for  a  company  of  "Rang- 
ers." They  voted  to  raise  four  companies,  of 
fifty  men  each,  to  guard  the  western  frontier, 
and  Colonel  Ashley  was  to  enlist  one  of  these 
companies,  muster  and  pay  the  men.  The 
following  July  he  was  appointed  to  muster 
men  for  the  reenforcement  of  the  army  in 
Canada.  He  marched  his  regiment  to  Ticon- 
deroga,    October    21,    177(1,    to   reenforce    the 



army  there,  and  returned  on  November  i6tli. 
He  marched  again  to  Ticonderoga,  on  May  7, 
1/77'  with  one  hundred  and  nine  men,  and 
served  until  June  i8th,  when  he  was  dis- 
charged. He  reenhsted,  on  June  29th,  and  was 
present  at  the  evacuation  of  Ticonderoga.  He 
was  discharged  July  nth,  but  volunteered  for 
General  Stark's  staff,  in  the  regiment  which 
was  then  being  raised  to  check  Rurgoyne's  ad- 
vance, and  was  present  at  the  battle  of  Ben- 
nington. He  continued  in  the  service  under 
General  Gates,  at  Saratoga,  until  Burgoyne's 
surrender,  and  held  command  of  his  regiment, 
the  Thirteenth,  afterwards  the  Sixth,  New- 
Hampshire,  until  he  resigned,  June  18,  1779. 
March  24,  1779,  he  had  been  chosen  a  repre- 
sentative to  the  continental  congress,  but  de- 
clined. He  continued  a  highly  respected  citi- 
zen of  Claremont  until  his  death.  Children, 
the  births  of  the  first  four  recorded  in  North- 
field,  and  those  of  all  of  them  in  Winchester: 
Oliver,  October  20,  1743;  Tir/.ah,  December 
24,  1745;  Samuel,  September  29,  1747,  men- 
tioned below:  Thankful,  November  10,  1749: 
Eunice,  December  17,  1751  ;  Daniel.  January 
15,  1754:  Luther,  April  27,  1762,  died  in 
infancy:  Luther,  August  19,  I7'')4:  Susannah, 
December  16,  1766. 

(VI)  Colonel  Samuel  (3)  .Ashley,  son  of 
Colonel  Samuel  (2 )  Ashley,  was  born  in  North- 
field,  September  29,  1747;  died  October,  1820, 
in  .S]iringville.  I'ennsylvania.  He  settled  in 
Claremont.  where  he  lived  on  what  is  now- 
known  as  the  Charles  Ainsworth  farm.  In  the 
spring  of  1818  he  removed  to  Springville,  and 
remained  there  until  his  death.  He  served  in 
the  revolution,  was  appointed  first  lieutenant 
of  the  Claremont  company.  Colonel  Benjamin 
Bellows'  regiment,  .Sixteenth  New  Hampshire, 
served  from  C)ctober  21st  to  November  i6th, 
1776.  During  this  time  and  the  Saratoga  cam- 
paign he  acted  as  adjutant,  on  Colonel  Bel- 
lows' staft".  His  company  had  also  served  at 
Ticonderoga  until  the  evacuation,  and  were 
discharged  July  8,  1777.  He  served  in  Lieu- 
tenant Jeremiah  Spencer's  scouting  party,  of 
twenty-four  men.  .August.  1780,  which  went  in 
pursuit  of  the  enemy  who  had  made  a  raid  on 
Claremont  and  surrounding  towns.  About  this 
time  Lieutenant  Ashley  was  made  captain  of 
the  New  Hampshire  line.  After  the  close  of 
the  war  he  continued  to  take  an  active  part  in 
military  afi^airs.  He  was  appointed  lieuten- 
ant-colonel of  the  Fifteenth  New  Hampshire 

Militia  Regiment,  December  2^,  1784.  and  its 
colonel,  September  23.  178^). 

He  married,  August  9,  1770,  in  Northfield. 
his  cousin  Lydia,  daughter  of  Lucius  and 
Sarah  ( Smith)  Doolittle,  born  December,  1753, 
in  Northfield.  Children,  born  in  Claremont: 
Content,  1771;  Samuel,  1773;  Solomon  Will- 
ard,  1774:  Sarah,  1776;  Lydia,  November  22, 
I77<>:  Charles,  1782,  mentioned  below:  Har- 
mony, January,  1784,  died  September  25.  1784  ; 
Friendly,  1786,  died  in  infancy;  Olive,  1788: 
Cynthia,  August  8,  1791  ;  Susannah,  1793. 

(VII)  Charles,  son  of  Colonel  Samuel  (3) 
Ashley,  was  born  at  Claremont.  New  Hamp- 
shire, in  1782:  died  March  30,  1848,  in  Water- 
loo. Wisconsin.  He  married,  about  1802,  at 
Claremont.  Roccena,  daughter  of  Nathaniel 
and  Rachel  ( Gould )  Goss.  She  was  born 
February  11,  1784,  in  Claremont:  died  Novem- 
ber 9,  1 861,  in  Waterloo.  Ashley  took  the 
oath  of  allegiance  at  Le.xington,  X'ermont.  in 
1796,  probably  at  the  first  town  meeting.  He 
removed  to  Danville.  \'erniont,  where  he  lived 
until  181 1,  when  he  returned  to  Claremont. 
In  1818  he  went  to  Springville.  .Susc|Uehanna 
county,  Pennsylvania,  and  afterward  to  Water- 
loo, (jrant  count}',  Wisconsin.  He  was  a  farmer 
and  held  numerous  town  offices.  Children : 
Nathaniel,  born  1803,  died  1840:  L\(lia,  b(irn 

June  25,  1805,  married  (first),  in  1825. 

Tucker,  and  (second),  in  September,  1831. 
Daniel  Raymond  Burt:  Charles,  mentioned 
below:  Roccena,  1809.  married,  in  1834,  Jere- 
miah Dodge:  Oliver,  born  January  2,  181 1, 
died  May  12,  1839,  married,  January,  1833, 
Catherine  Ainsworth:  Samuel,  June  18.  1813, 
married.  October  24,  1843,  Sarah  Ann  Chaft'ee  : 
Lucius,  born  May  7,  1815,  died  February  15, 
1873,  married.  January  29.  1S43,  Caroline  Bid- 
die:  Caroline  Jones,  born  April  10.  1817,  mar- 
ried, .April  r,  1838.  James  I.  Blakeslee :  Will- 
iam Drinker.  Iiorn  May  5.  1819.  died  July  11, 
1890.  married.  January  4,  1853,  Angeline  Jack- 
son ;  Rachel  Matilda,  born  July  4,  1822,  mar- 
ried, in  1843.  Jeremiah  E.  Dodge. 

(\'HI)  Charles  (2),  son  oi  Charles  (1) 
Ashley,  was  born  July  2,  1807,  in  Danville, 
A'ermont :  died  October  9.  1863.  in  .Stockton. 
California.  He  married  (first ),  Alarch  6,  1831. 
in  Springville,  Pennsylvania.  Hannah  Blakes- 
lee, born  May  i,  1805,  in  Springville:  who. 
while  crossing  the  plains  on  the  way  to  Cali- 
fornia, in  company  with  her  husband,  was 
taken   sick  near   Fort   Laramie,   on   the    Piatt 



river,  and  died  there,  June  4.  1852.  He  mar- 
ried (second),  April  29,  1855,  in  Stockton, 
Margaret  Curry,  who  died  September  14,  18^5. 
Charles  Ashley  came  with  his  father  to  Spring- 
ville,  when  a  cliild.  and  he  lived  there  until 
1834.  He  removed,  in  183ft,  to  Mauch  Chunk, 
Pennsylvania,  thence  to  Rockport,  Pennsyl- 
vania, and,  in  1838,  to  Reading,  Pennsylvania, 
where  he  remained  for  about  a  year.  In  the 
following  summer  he  located  at  \\'aterloo,  Wis- 
consin, with  others  of  the  family,  and  spent 
nearly  ten  years  there.  In  1852  he  located  at 
Stockton,  California,  where  he  lived  the  re- 
mainder of  his  life.  For  a  number  of  years 
he  conducted  a  livery  stable.  After  moving  to 
California  he  gave  his  attention  to  farming 
and  stock  raising.  Children:  Roccena,  born 
December  29,  1834,  died  March  5.  1839:  Sarah 
Catherine,  August  28..  1837,  married,  Septem- 
ber 21,  1855,  John  E.  McKenzie  :  Edwin  Lucius, 
born  October  15,  1840.  married.  March  29,  1866, 
Emma  Robinson  Brannack ;  Charles  Albert, 
born  March  2,  1843,  married,  April  i,  1866, 
Louise  Jahont :  Robert  Asa,  mentioned  below. 
(IX)  Robert  Asa,  son  of  Charles  (2)  Ash- 
ley, was  born  June  21,  1846,  in  a  district  called 
Bee  Town,  Wisconsin.  He  married,  Octuber 
18,  1876,  in  ]\Iauch  Chunk,  Lida  Rosina  \'anne- 
man,  born  April  12,  1849,  i"  Auburn,  Pennsyl- 
vania, daughter  of  Isaac  Dana  and  Wealthy 
Zyprali  (  Bennett")  ^'anneman.  In  1852  he 
went  with  his  father's  family  to  Stockton,  Cali- 
fornia, anfl,  in  1870,  came  eastward  and  located 
at  Mauch  Chunk,  Pennsylvania.  .\  year  later 
he  went  to  Delano,  Pennsylvania,  where  he 
was  clerk  in  the  store  of  his  uncle,  James  I. 
P.lakeslec.  In  1873  he  was  appointed  station 
agent  of  the  Lehigh  \'alley  Railroad  Company, 
at  Delano,  but  he  also  continued  in  the  store. 
In  November,  1878,  he  removed  to  Slattington, 
Pennsylvania,  and  thence  to  Binghamton,  New 
York,  where,  from  June,  1879,  to  April,  1886, 
he  conducted  a  retail  grocery  store.  During 
the  next  two  vears  he  was  in  the  employ  of 
the  Crandall  Typewriter  Company,  and  since 
then  (1890)  he  has  been  contracting  freight 
agent  of  the  Central  Railroad  of  New  Jersey. 
He  is  a  member  of  the  Free  and  Accepted 
Masons,  Binghamton  Lodge,  No.  177;  Im- 
proved C)rfler  of  Red  Men,  Annawana  Tribe, 
No.  41,  having  formerly  been  a  charter  mem- 
ber of  the  Wanasetta  Tribe,  but  upon  the 
organization  of  the  Annawana  Tribe  he  be- 
came a  charter  member  of  this  and  has  passed 
all  the  chairs  of  this   lodge:  member  of   the 

Binghamton  Club,  and  with  his  family  attends 
Christ  Episcopal  Church. 

Children:  i.  Charles  Asa.  born  November  7, 
1878,  died  January  21 ,  1880.  2.  Douglas  \'anne- 
man,  born  May  23,  1881  :  graduate  of  Princeton 
College,  later  the  New  York  Law  School,  and 
now  practicing  his  profession  in  Binghamton, 
New  York,  being  a  partner  of  Judge  Olstead, 
of  that  city;  he  married,  July  28,  1909,  Eliza- 
beth R.  Stone,  of  Binghamton,  New  York. 

(The  Blakeslee  Line). 

(I)  Samuel  Blakeslee,  the  ancestor  of  this 
family,  came  from  England  to  this  country 
with  his  brother  John  about  1636.  From  Bos- 
ton he  came  first  to  Guilford,  Connecticut,  and 
afterward  to  New  Haven,  where  he  married, 
December  3,  1650,  Hannah  Porter.  He  died 
in  1678.  The  following  account  of  him  is 
taken  from  the  notes  of  a  descendant.  Captain 
Sanniel  Blakeslee,  who  had  the  facts  from  his 
father  and  other  older  men:  "In  the  early  set- 
tlement of  America  there  was  two  brothers  by 
the  name  of  Samuel  and  John  Blakeslee,  both 
blacksmiths  by  occupation,  left  England  with 
their  anvil,  vises,  hammers,  tongs  and  other 
necessary  tools  fitted  to  their  occupation,  and 
landerl  at  Boston,  Massachusetts,  and  purchased 
what  was  and  is  since  called  Boston  Neck,  a 
poor  barren  strip  of  land  which  joins  the  penin- 
sula to  the  mainland  upon  which  Boston  is 
located ;  here  they  lived  for  a  few  years  with 
their  families,  following  their  trade  of  black- 
smithing.  But  the  then  village  of  Boston  was 
poor  and  the  narrow  neck  which  they  had  pur- 
chased was  incapable  of  affording  much  for 
the  subsi.stence  of  their  families.  These  two 
brothers,  being  stout,' robust,  enterprising  men, 
agreed  to  seek  their  fortunes  elsewhere.  With 
their  families,  they  left  Boston  and  proceeded 
by  the  seashore  to  New  Haven,  in  Connecticut. 
They  did  not  dispose  of  their  land  in  Boston 
Neck :  time  passes  and  they  died,  and  it  was 
never  disposed  of.  Samuel  Ixiught  land  in 
New  Haven  and  settled  with  his  family,  but 
his  brother  John  went  to  the  western  part  of 
the  state  to  what  is  now  Woodbury  or  Rox- 
bury."  Children  of  Samuel:  John,  born  1651. 
Born  at  Guilford:  Mary.  November  2.  1659. 
I'lorn  at  New  Haven :  Ebenezer,  mentioned 
below  :  Hannah,  May  22, 1666 :  Jonathan,  March 
3.  1668,  died  young;  Jonathan,  .-\pril.  1672. 
died  voung. 

(II)  Ebenezer.  son  of  Samuel  Blakeslee. 
was  born  July   17.   1664,  in  New  Haven,  and 



was  one  of  the  earliest  settlers  of  North  Haven. 
In  his  house  the  Presbyterians  held  religious 
services  until  a  church  was  established,  and 
later  the  Episcopalians  also  held  services  in  his 
mansion.  He  married  Hannah  Lupton.  Chil- 
dren, born  at  North  Haven :  Ebenezer  and 
Hannah,  twins,  born  February  4,  1685  ;  Sus- 
annah, May  21,  1689:  Grace,  January  i,  if)93- 
94;  Abraham,  December  15,  1695,  mentioned 
below:  Samuel,  1697;  Thomas,  1700;  Isaac, 
July  21,  1703. 

(III)  Abraham,  son  of  Ebenezer  lUakeslec, 
was  born  in  North  Haven,  December  15,  1A95. 
He  married,  March  15,  1721-22,  Elizabeth 
Cooper,  born  February  18,  1694.  daughter  of 
John  Cooper,  of  New  Haven.  He  died  March 
6,  1759:  his  wife,  January  2,  1776.  His  will 
was  dated  .Vpril,  1759,  and  proved  in  the  same 
month.  Chililren:  John,  born  February  2, 
1724-25;  .\braham.  October  22,  1727;  Zophar, 
mentioned,  below  ;  Stephen,  September  24.  1732: 
Jude,  March  31,  1735;  Joel,  December  11, 
1737,  died  young;  Joel,  June  30,  1739. 

(IV)  Zophar,  son  of  .\braham  lUakeslee, 
was  born  .April  21,  1730,  and  his  estate  was 
administered  in  1798. 

(\')  Zophar  (2),  son  of  Zoj^har  (  i  )  Blakes- 
lee,  married  (first)  Clarinda  Whitmore,  and 
(second)  Lucinda  Taylor.  Children  by  first 
wife:  I.  Sarah,  married  Judge  .\sa  Packer,  and 
had  :  Lucy :  Marion ;  Mary,  married  Charles 
Cunimings ;  Robert,  and  Harry  Packer.     2.  .\ 

daughter,    married    Melvin,    and    had 

Gertrude,  Derwin.  3.  Clarinda,  married  Will- 
iam Baker,  and  had  a  son,  Charles  Baker.  4. 
Hannah,  married  Charles  Ashley  (see  Ashley 
XIH).  By  second  wife:  5.  Wallace,  married 
Tamer  Bidle,  and  had :  Emma,  Darwin,  Will- 
iam, Jesse.    6.  Frank,  married Bonnell, 

and  had :  Mary,  Sarah,  William,  Edward.  7. 
Betsey,  married  Lyman  Cogswell.  8.  James  I., 
married  Caroline  .\shley,  and  had :  Eugene, 
.\lonzo,  .\sa  Packer,  Charles  ,\shley.  9.  Lem- 
uel, married  Clementine  Bonnell,  and  had : 
Jessie,  Carrie,  Robert.  10.  Lucimla,  married 
.\braham  Luce,  and  had :  Mary,  Irwin,  George 
and  one  daughter.  11.  Eunice,  married  John 
Crellen,  and  had:  Lucius  Pittston :  Rollin.  re- 
sides in  Scranton  ;  Lizzie ;  Caroline,  who  re- 
sides in  White  Haven. 

The  surname  Spaulding  or 
SPAL'LDING     Spaldingappearsquite  early 
in  England.     Some  conjec- 
ture that  it  is  a  place  name,  the  family  deriving 

the  name  from  the  town  of  Spalding,  in  Lin- 
colnshire, which  is  said  to  have  been  named  for 
a  spa  or  spring  of  mineral  water  in  the  market 
place.  There  have  been  many  distinguished 
men  of  this  name  in  England,  in  ancient  and 
modern  times.  Many  of  the  family  bore  coats- 
of-arms.  The  Spauldings  of  .America,  with  the 
e.\:ce]3tion  of  a  few  that  have  recentlv  emigrated, 
are  all  descendants  from  three  earlv  settlers, 
one  of  whom  located  in  Massachusetts,  an- 
other in  Maryland,  and  the  third  in  Georgia. 
The  latter  are  descended  from  the  Ashantilly 
.Spaldings,  Perthshire,  Scotland,  from  Sir  Pierce 
Spalding,  who  surrendered  Berwick  castle 
to  the  earl  of  Murray.  The  (jeorgia  pioneer, 
James  Sjialding,  son  of  Captain  Thomas,  came 
to  .America  in  1760,  and  married  .Anna  Ler- 

(  1  )  Edward  .Spaulding.  immigrant  ancestor, 
came  to  New  England,  between  1630  and  1633, 
and  settled  in  Braintree,  Massachusetts,  where 
he  appears  among  the  proprietors  of  the  town 
as  early  as  1640,  and  was  admitted  a  freeman 
of  the  colony.  May  13,  1640.  He  removed 
thence  to  Wenham,  and  was  one  of  the  peti- 
tioners for  the  town  of  Chelmsford  grant,  Octo- 
ber I.  i'')45,  and  one  of  the  early  settlers  of 
that  town.  He  was  a  leading  citizen;  select- 
man in  1654-56-60-61  ;  surveyor  of  highways 
in  1663,  and  juror  in  1648.  He  died  February 
26,  1670.  His  will  was  dated  February  13, 
1666,  proved  .April  5.  1670,  bef|ueathing  to 
wife  Rachel,  sons  Edward,  John  and  .Andrew, 
anl  daughter  Dinah.  His  wife  Margaret  died 
-August,  i()40.  and  his  second  wife  Rachel  soon 
after  he  died.  Children  of  Edward  and  Mar- 
garet Spaulding:  John,  born  about  1633,  men- 
tioned below  ;  Edward,  about  1635  ;  (jrace,  died 
in  May,  1641.  Children  of  second  wife:  Ben- 
jamin, born  .April  7,  1643 ;  Joseph.  October  25, 
1646;  Dinah,  March  14,  1649;  .Andrew,  No- 
vember 19,  1652. 

(II)  John,  son  of  Edward  Spaulding,  was 
born  about  1633,  died  October  3,  1721.  He 
came  to  Chelmsford  with  his  father,  in  1654, 
and  was  admitted  a  freeman,  March  11,  1689- 
90.  He  received  numerous  grants  of  land  in 
Chelmsford  from  time  to  time.- He  was  a  soldier, 
under  Captain  Manning,  in  King  Philip's  war. 
He  married,  May  18,  1658,  Hannah  Hale  (or 
Heald),  of  Concord,  Massachusetts.  She  died 
.August  14,  1689.  Children  :  John,  mentioned 
below:  Eunice,  born  July  27,  1660:  Edward, 
September  16,  1663:  Hannah,  April  25,  1666; 
Samuel.  March  6,   1668;  Deborah.  November 



12,  1770;  Joseph,  October  22,  1673;  Timothy, 
about  1676. 

(Ill)  John  (2),  son  of  John  (i)  Spaniel- 
ing, was  born  in  Chelmsford,  February  15, 
1659.  He  married  (tirst)  Ann  Ballard,  of 
Andover,  Massachusetts,  September  20,  1681  ; 
( second )  Mary  Fletcher,  widow,  November 
18,  1700.  He  removed  with  his  family  to  Plain- 
field,  Connecticut.  Children,  born  at  Chelms- 
ford: Anna,  born  August  25,  1684;  Samuel, 
mentioned  below;  Jonathan,  August  7,  1688: 
Deborah  and  Eleazer,  twins,  August  12  and  13. 
1690;  Dinah,  January  24,  1693;  William,  No- 
vember 14,  1695. 

(1\')  Samuel,  son  of  John  (2)  Spaulding. 
was  born  at  Chelmsford,  August  6,  1686,  died 

June  9,  1749.     He  married  Susannah  . 

Children,  all  born  at  Plainfield,  Connecticut : 
John,  April  2,  1707  ;  Jcdediah,  mentioned  below  ; 
Abigail,  May  7,  171 1  :  Elizabeth,  July  16.  1714: 
Susannah,  October  19,  1723. 

(V)  Jedediah,  son  of  Samuel  Spaulding, 
was  born  at  Plainfield,  April  i,  1709,  died  July 
•8,  1776.  He  married  Mary  How,  born  Marcli 
I,  171 5,  died  March  17,  1794,  aged  seventy- 
nine,  daughter  of  Samuel  How.  Children,  all 
"born  in  Plainfield:  Ezekiel,  March  18,  1734: 
Timothy,  February  15,  1737:  Samuel,  March 
28,  1749;  Asa,  October  6,  1751  ;  Stephen,  Au- 
gust 19,  1754:  Daniel,  mentioned  below;  Lem- 
uel ;  Jedediah ;  James. 

(VI)  Daniel,  son  of  Jedediah  Spaulding, 
was  born  at  Plainfield,  December  18,  1757.  He 
was  a  soldier  from  Connecticut  in  the  revolu- 
tion, in  Caj^tain  Waterman  Cleft's  company 
(Sixth),  Colonel  Samuel  Holder  Parson's  regi- 
ment, at  Boston  siege,  in  1775;  also  in  Lieu- 
tenant Clark's  company.  Twenty-first  Militia, 
joining  the  army  in  New  York  state  in  1776. 
He  removed  from  Plainfield  to  Stephentown, 
New  York,  in  the  winter  or  early  spring  of 
1792.  and  lived  there  two  or  three  years,  re- 
moving thence  to  Coeymans,  New  York,  now 
the  town  of  Westerlo,  New  York.  He  mar- 
ried, November  18,  1781,  Mercy  Hewitt,  born 
November  14,  1758,  in  Preston,  Connecticut, 
died  February  6,  1828,  in  Westerlo,  and  he 
died  January  4,  1852,  in  Westerlo.  Children; 
Daniel,  born  April  25,  1784;  ]\Iary,  June  17, 
1786, at  Stonington,  Connecticut,  married  David 
Foster;  William,  September  18,  1791,  in  Plain- 
field;  Betsey,  September  21,  1794;  Closes,  men- 
tioned below. 

(VI I)  Moses,  son  of  Daniel  Spaulding,  was 
torn  in  Coeymans,  New  York,  November  22, 

1800,  was  killed  by  the  cars  of  the  Erie  rail- 
road, in  the  town  of  Conklin,  Broome  county. 
New  York,  near  his  home,  May  11,  1854.  He 
married  Betsey  WMllsey,  January  2,  1822.  Chil- 
dren ;  Willsey,  born  December  27,  1824,  died 
January  31,  1863,  married  Miranda  Terboss ; 

Amanda,    January    7,    1827.    married    

Cross;  Daniel,  born  March  21,  1829,  married, 
May  5,  1853,  Emily  I.  Conklin ;  Ananias,  Janu- 
ary 8,  1832,  died  March  10,  1841 ;  Sally  Maria, 
born  October  19,  1834,  married,  September  22, 
1863,  Henry  Terboss;  Emily,  born  March  21, 
1837,  married,  December  23,  1855,  Ezra  P. 
Barton  ;  William  A.,  mentioned  below  ;  Zerah, 
born  December  28.  1844,  died  December  8, 

(VIII)  William  A.,  son  of  Moses  Spauld- 
ing, was  born  in  .\lbany  county,  New  York, 
March  11,  1841.  He  came  to  Broome  county 
with  his  parents,  when  a  small  boy,  and  was 
educated  there  in  the  public  schools.  For  many 
years  he  was  engaged  in  teaming  business.  He 
is  now  retired,  living  at  Binghamton.  He 
married,  November  22,  1863,  Melvina  Jaynes, 
(laughter  of  Holloway  and  Sarah  (Rought) 
Jaynes.  Children ;  Renna  Z.,  mentioned  below  ; 
Elizabeth  Jaynes,  born  February  23,  1872,  died 
May  II.  1892. 

(  IN  )  Renna  Z.,  son  of  William  A.  Spauld- 
ing, was  born  at  .\bington,  Luzerne  county, 
Pennsylvania.  He  attended  the  public  schools 
at  Factoryville,  later  Scranton,  Pennsylvania, 
and  the  Binghamton  high  school,  New  York. 
The  family  came  to  Binghamton  in  1877,  when 
he  was  a  youth.  His  first  venture  was  as 
maker  of  cigars,  and  later  as  dealer.  After- 
ward he  engaged  in  the  bakery  business,  in 
partnership  with  T.  W.  Russell,  and  the  busi- 
ness was  incorporated  under  the  name  of 
the  Russell-Spaulding  Company,  of  which  Mr. 
Spaulding  was  president  and  Mr.  G.  W.  Rus- 
sell, vice-president.  In  1905  they  started  a 
small  shop  and  from  that  small  beginning  the 
business  has  developed  into  its  present  large 
[iroportion  the  largest  in  this  line  in  the  city 
of  Binghamton,  and  according  to  the  popula- 
tion the  largest  in  the  United  States. 

In  addition  to  being  successful  in  business 
Mr.  Spaulding  has  taken  an  active  part  in  vari- 
ous fraternal  organizations,  being  a  member  of 
the  Masonic  order,  having  passed  through  all 
the  various  bodies  up  to  and  including  the 
thirty-second  degree  in  the  Scottish  Rite.  He 
is  a  member  of  the  Improved  Order  of  Red 
Men,  Benevolent  and  Protective  Order  of  Elks, 



the  Binghaniton  Club,  and  the  Press  Club,  ami 
also  the  Chamber  of  Commerce.  He  is  one  of 
the  directors  in  the  Merchants"  and  Adver- 
tisers' Association.  He  has  been  a  member  of 
the  \'olunteer  Firemen's  Association  for  some 
sixteen  years;  treasurer  of  the  local  company 
seven  years. 

He  married,  December  24,  1883,  Jessie  F. 
Slatter.  Children  :  Bessie  E.,  born  January  6, 
1889.  married,  June  i,  1911,  E.  A.  Brewer,  of 
Cortland;  Georgia  Lncile,  May  17,  1890;  Eliz- 
abeth Jaynes,  August  7,  1893. 

Sylvester  Hayward  Slatter,  father  of  Mrs. 
Spaulding,  was  son  of  Samuel  and  Hannah 
(Hayward)  Slatter,  and  was  born  in  Sussex 
county,  England,  about  1822;  married,  Decem- 
ber 13,  1854,  Emma  Drake,  at  St.  Mary's 
Church,  Lewishaven,  county  Kent,  England, 
and  died  December  22,  1878.  Children  of 
Sylvester  Hayward  Slatter:  i.  Alice  Miriam 
Slatter,  born  February  29,  1856;  married,  Au- 
gust 15,  1879,  Harry  Hart,  and  had:  Isaac, 
Miriam,  Esther  and  George  Hart.  2.  Adelaide, 
born  December  24,  1857;  married  (first),  Sep- 
tember 15,  1886,  James  Shaw;  (second)  Scott 
Bruce.  3.  Sylvester  B.  Slatter,  born  July  29, 
1859 ;  married,  October  23,  1889,  Nancy  Brown, 
and  had  Marjorie,  born  June  30,  1893.  4. 
Walter  Drake  Slatter,  born  July  6.  1861,  died 
Januar)-  22,  1890.  5.  Jessie  Florence  Slatter, 
born  January  17,  i8()():  married  R,  Z.  Spauld- 
ing (  see  Spaulding  IX  ).  6.  Edna  Bertha  Slat- 
ter, born  March  29,  1867,  died  March  11,  1869. 
Emma    (Drake)    .'-ilatter    was   a   daughter    of 

William    and ( Chap])eri    Drake,    and 

was  born  about  1831,  tlied  in  September,  1879. 
Her  fatlier  was  a  cajitain  in  the  English  mer- 
chant marine.  Children  of  William  Drake: 
Sarah,  ^laria,  Benjamin,  William,  Emma,  Re- 
becca and  Jane  Drake. 

Jacob  McKinney,  of  Scotch 
McKINNEY  ancestry,  was  born  April  30, 
1 77 1,  in  Pennsylvania,  and 
died  February  4,  1848.  He  lived  in  Simsbury, 
Pennsylvania,  and  removed  thence  to  North- 
lunberland,  New  York,  and  finally  to  Bing- 
haniton, New  York,  He  was  a  man  of  the 
highest  character,  and  universally  respected  by 
the  people  of  the  community  in  which  he  lived. 
He  had  much  to  do  with  the  early  history  of 
Binghaniton,  and  was  widely  known  by  his 
title  of  "Judge"  McKinney.  In  1808  he  was 
sheriff  of  the  county,  and,  in  1809,  county 
clerk.     For  a  time  he  was  partner  of  General 

Joshua  Whitney  in  the  business  of  general 
merchants.  He  married,  August  8,  1805,  Eliza 
Sabin,  liorn  November  28,  1780.  died  May  7. 
1844,  daughter  of  Walter  Sabin,  mentioned 
elsewhere  in  this  work,  a  surveyor  by  pro- 
fession, who  came  from  Norwich,  Connecticut, 
to  Harpersville,  Delaware  county.  New  York, 
prior  to  1788,  and  then  removed  to  Broome 
county,  New  York,  returning  eventually  to 
Connecticut,  where  he  died,  leaving  a  widow, 
five  daughters  and  one  son.  Children:  i.  Ed- 
ward, mentioned  below.  2.  Ann  Eliza,  born 
June  17,  1808,  died  September  2,  1862.  3. 
"Charles,  born  June  17,  1810,  died  June  8,  1884; 
married.  May  27,  1839,  Catherine  B.  Ely.  4. 
Samuel  Sweetland,  born  April  i,  1813,  died 
June  25,  1837.  5.  Sabin,  born  March  7,  1816; 
married,  January  27,  1847,  Elizabeth  Sheldon 
Corliss.  6.  Silas,  born  November  2,  181 8,  died 
.April  21,  1888;  married  (first),  February  24, 
1847,  Fannie  M.  Nelson  ;  (second  ),  1865,  Alary 
C.  Burt.  7.  Amelia,  born  May  4,  1823,  died 
October  25,   1823. 

( 11  )  Edward,  son  of  Jacob  McKinney,  was 
born  .Vugust  18,  1806,  in  Binghaniton,  New 
\'ork,  and  died  May  24,  1849.  He  married, 
.■\pril  21,  1832,  Marcia  Maria,  daughter  of  John 
and  Mehitable  (May)  Phillips,  of  Coopers- 
town,  New  York.  Children:  Frank,  died  young; 
E.  Paschal,  mentioned  below  ;  William,  mar- 
ried Mary  Eliza  Niven. 

(HI)  Major  E,  I'aschal  McKinney,  son  of 
Edward  McKinney,  was  born  at  Phoenix,  near 
Cooperstown,  New  York,  February  23,  1838; 
married,  June  18,  1868,  Fanny  Fee  Fish  (see 
JMsh  ).  Major  McKinney  was  graduated  from 
Yale  L'niversity  in  the  class  of  1861.  He  im- 
mediately enlisted  in  the  Union  army,  and  was 
commissioned  second  lieutenant  of  Company 
(i.  Sixth  New  York  Cavalry,  October  17,  1861, 
and  continued  in  service  until  the  end  of  the 
civil  war  ;  he  was  commissioned  first  lieutenant. 
Company  C,  January  20.  1863;  captain  and 
commissary  of  subsistence,  United  States  Vol- 
unteers, May  18,  1864;  brevet  major,  July  7, 
1865.  "for  efficient  and  merhorious  service." 
Major  ]\IcKinney  passed  through  the  follow- 
ing battles  and  operations :  Siege  of  Yorktown, 
\irginia :  battles  of  Williamsburg  and  Fair 
Oaks  :  the  Peninsular  Campaign  ;  was  escort  to 
General  Keyes,  commanding  Fourth  Corps, 
.\rniy  of  the  Potomac,  in  battle  of  Chancellors- 
ville :  brigade  commissary  on  staff  of  General 
Thomas  "^C.  Devin ;  acting  adjutant  of  regi- 
ment, battle  of  Deep  Bottom,  Trevillian  Sta- 



tion  and  the  Wilderness,  Cavalry  Corps,  Army 
of  the  Potomac;  battle  of  Cedar  Creek,  Vir- 
ginia, commissary  Second  Brigade,  First  Di- 
vision, Cavalry  Corps,  Army  of  the  Potomac, 
and  Sheridan's  Cavalry  Corps.  He  was  wound- 
ed, August  13,  1864,  at  Berryville,  Virginia, 
in  an  attack  by  General  Mosby's  troops,  while 
serving  in  the  Commissary  Department,  under 
General  Phil  Sheridan.  At  the  close  of  the 
war  he  returned  to  Binghamton,  and  engaged 
in  the  wholesale  grocery  business,  in  partner- 
ship with  his  uncle,  Sabin  McKinney,  and  this 
still  continues.  He  is  a  member  of  the  ^lilitary 
Order  of  the  Loyal  Legion,  and  of  Watrous 
Post,  Grand  Army  of  the  Republic,  of  Bing- 
hamton. Children,  born  at  Binghamton:  i. 
Ldward,  born  September  26,  1869;  married 
Frances  Nora  Sexton  ;  children:  Frances  Ruth, 
March  8,  1900:  Edward  Phillips,  May  24,  1902  ; 
Elizabeth,  died  in  infancy;  IMarcia  May,  Octo- 
ber 31,  1908,  and  Georgia  Christiane.  2.  Marcia 
May,  born  December  zj .  1871  ;  married  George 
Buell  Hollister;  died  February  12,  1909.  3. 
Fanny  Lee,  born  November  7,  1876.  4.  Carlos 
Tucker,  born  January  20,  1882,  died  in  infancy. 

(The  Fish  Line). 

(i)  Nathaniel  Fish,  the  immigrant  ancestor, 
was  born  in  England,  and  settled  in  Sandwich, 
Massachusetts,  before  1640,  when  he  was  one 
of  the  proprietors  of  that  town.  His  brother 
John  was  of  Lynn  and  Sandwich,  and  his 
brother  Jonathan  of  Lynn,  Sandwich,  and 
finally  of  Newtown,  Long  Island,  was  ancestor 
of  the  famous  New  York  family  to  which 
Governor  Hamilton  Fish  belonged.  Nathaniel 
married  Lydia,  daughter  of  Rev.  John  Miller, 
and  from  her  come  the  names  Miller  in  later 
generations.  The  widow  Lydia  and  her  brother. 
John  Miller,  of  Yarmouth,  Massachusetts,  ad- 
ministered the  estate  of  Nathaniel  Fish,  who 
engaged  before  marriage  to  pay  her  as  much 
as  he  had  with  her,  £66.  The  inventory  was 
dated  March  14,  1693-94.  Children:  Nathaniel, 
born  November  27,  1648  ;  John,  April  13,  1651  ; 
Thomas,  mentioned  below ;  Samuel,  August 
10.  1668.  died  and  be(|ueathed  £8  to  his  aged 
father,  February  2,  1691-92. 

(H)  Thomas,  son  of  Nathaniel  Fish,  was 
born  about  1665.  He  settled  at  Duxbury, 
Ahissachusetts.  Children,  burn  at  Duxbury: 
I.  Thomas,  May  22,  1700.  2.  Ebenezer,  De- 
cember 13,  1703,  died  I\Iarch  2,  1791.  3.  Rev. 
Josejjh,  January  28,  1705-06:  graduate  of  Har- 
vard.   1728:  married   Rebecca   Pabodie    (Pea- 

liody),  great-granddaughter  of  John  Alden, 
December  6,  1732;  he  died  May  26,  1781,  and 
she  died  at  Fairfield,  October  27,  1783.  4. 
Lydia,  born  March  24,  1708:  married  Eliakim 
Willis.  5.  Samuel,  October  i,  1710;  married 
Elizabeth  Randall.  (>.  Nathaniel,  mentioned 

(HI)  Nathaniel,  son  of  Thomas  Fish,  was 
born  April  ri,  1713,  at  Duxbury,  Massachu- 
setts. With  his  brother.  Rev.  Joseph  Fish,  he 
settled  at  Stonington,  Connecticut,  afterward 
North  Stonington.  He  married  Mary  Pabodie. 
a  descendant  of  John  Alden  (see  Peabody), 
and  sister  of  his  brother  Joseph's  wife.  Chil- 
dren of  Nathaniel  and  Mary,  born  at  Stoning- 
ton:  Miller,  mentioned  below:  William,  April 
26,  1738:  Eliakim,  February  2,  1741  ;  Joseph. 
March  21,  1744;  Lydia.  March  i,  1746. 

(IV)  Miller,  son  of  Nathaniel  Fish,  was 
born  in  Stonington,  October  9,  1737.  He  set- 
tled in  Hartford,  and,  in  1790,  had,  according 
to  the  first  federal  census,  five  males  over  six- 
teen, one  under  that  age,  and  three  females 
in  his  family.  His  brother  Eliakim  had  two 
females  and  no  sons  in  his  familv  at  that  time. 

(V)  Miller  (2),  son  of  Mifler  (O  Fish, 
was  born  about  1763,  probably  in  New  London 
county,  Connecticut.  He  married,  July,  1786, 
in  Hartford,  Connecticut,  Huldah  Corning, 
who  died  January  15,  1806.  He  died  Septem- 
ber 16,  1816.  He  appears  to  have  lived  with 
his  father  until  about  1790.  Children,  born 
at  Hartford:  Henry,  mentioned  below;  Re- 
becca, September  28,  1790:  John,  January  15, 
1792,  died  May  2-^.  1807;  Mary,  December  26, 
1795:  Frederick,  August  3,  1798;  Edward, 
February  11.  1800;  George  H..  September  5, 
1803:  Huldaii  C,  January  5,  1806,  died  Sep- 
tember, 1853,  unmarried. 

(\'l)  Dr.  Henry  Fish,  son  of  Miller  (2) 
Fish,  was  born  October  15.  1788,  died  Decem- 
ber 29,  1850;  married  Rebecca  Birch.  He 
graduated  from  Yale  College  in  i8o5,  and 
studied  medicine  at  Dartmouth  Medical  School, 
from  which  he  received  the  degrees  of  AL  A. 
and  AL  B.  in  1810.  In  1826  he  received  the 
degree  of  M.  D.  from  Yale  College.  He  had 
what  was  then  called  a  country  practice  in 
New  York  City,  with  an  office  in  Beekman 
street.  He  removed  later  in  life  to  Salisbury. 
Connecticut,  where  he  resided  and  practiced 
his  profession  to  the  time  of  his  death.  Chil- 
dren:  I.  Henry  F.,  born  October  29,  1813; 
married,  February  21,  1850,  Lucy  Wilco.x.  2. 
Myron    H.,    mentioned    below.      3.    Jnhn    C, 



January  ifi,  1822;  married,  October  3,  1843, 
Lydia  Kilburn ;  removed  to  California,  and 
died  there,  November  24,  1850.  4.  William 
Tully,  born  January  13,  1825;  married  (first). 
December  6,  1849.  5-  ^Jary  Elizabeth,  born 
June  13,  1826,  died  unmarried. 

(V'll)  Myron  HoUey,  son  of  Dr.  Henry 
Fish,  was  born  at  Salisbury,  Connecticut.  .Seii- 
tember  21,  1820.  He  was  educated  in  the  pub- 
lic schools.  In  1854  he  went  to  Illinois  and  en- 
gaged in  business  as  a  merchant  and  banker, 
at  Rock  Island,  and  died  there,  December  3, 
i860.  One  of  the  last  acts  of  his  life  was  to 
vote  for  Abraham  Lincoln  for  President.  He 
married,  August  25,  1845,  Fanny  Scoville  Lee, 
born  August  11,  1823,  daughter  of  Elisha  and 
Almira  (Scoville)  Lee.  Children:  Fanny  Lee, 
married  Major  Edward  P.  McKinney ;  Eliza- 
beth Julia,  born  .\pril  26,  1850,  died  young; 
Mary,  March  24,  1853,  died  in  infancy;  Myra 
Ruth,  born  September  30,  1856. 

(The  Corning  Line). 

(I)  Samuel  Corning,  the  immigrant,  was 
born  in  England,  and  came  to  Salem,  Massa- 
chusetts, as  early  as  1638,  and  was  admitted 
a  freeman  June  2,  1641.  .An  acre  of  land  was 
granted  him.  in  1(141.  for  sowing  hem]).  He 
removed  to  Wenham,  Massachusetts.  His  wife 
was  admitted  to  the  church  April  5,  1640.  He 
was  afterward  prominent  in  Ileverly.  He  was 
on  the  committee.  May  13,  1663,  equivalent  to 
the  first  board  of  selectmen,  though  the  tnwn 
was  not  incorporated  until  i6()8.  He  was 
selectman  in  1670-74-73-77,  and  perhaps  in 
other  years;  collector  of  ta.xes  in  1676,  ensign 
in  1667  and  afterward;  on  a  committee  to 
settle  the  boundary  with  Wenham  in  1682; 
licensed  to  keep  an  ordinary  in  1670;  assistant 
of  the  colony  in  1670;  on  various  committees 
to  lay  out  land  for  the  town.  He  had  many 
grants  in  1671  and  afterward.  His  widow 
Elizabeth  survived  him.  His  estate  was  divided 
among  his  children  Samuel,  Elizabeth  and  Re- 
member, and  his  wi 'ow  March  — ,  1694-95. 
Children:  Remember,  baptized  May  3,  1640: 
Samuel,  n^entioned  below  ;  Eliza,  or  Elizabeth, 
June  4,  1643. 

(II)  Samuel  (2),  son  of  Samuel  (  i  )  Corn- 
ing, was  baptized  March  14,  1640-41,  and  died 
May  II.  1714,  aged  seventy-three  years.  He 
married  Hannah  r>atchelder,  who  died  Febru- 
ary 17.  I7i8,  aged  seventy-two  years,  daugh- 
ter of  John  pjatchelder.  Children,  born  at 
Beverly:   Samuel,  June   i,    i()7o;  John,   1676; 

Joseph,  mentioned  belijw  ;  Daniel,  September 
17,  1686. 

(III)  Joseph,  son  of  Samuel  (2)  Corning, 
was  born  in  Beverly,  November  19,  i')79,  and 
died  in  17 18.  He  removed  from  Beverly  to 
Norwich,  Connecticut,  and  settled  in  the  fVes- 
ton  Society.  He  married,  January  17,  1702-03, 
Rebecca  Woodbury.  Children:  Hannah,  born 
( ktober  6,  1703  ;  Joseph,  May  22,  1707  ;  Josiah, 
menti(.ined  below  ;   Nehemiah,  April  23,   1717. 

(IV)  Josiah,  son  of  Joseph  Corning,  was 
born  in  1709,  and  died  February  2"/ ,  i'](yo.  He 
married,  January  10,  1733,  Jane  Andrews, 
of  Norwich,  who  died  March  21,  1803,  aged 
eighty-eight  years.  Children,  born  in  Preston: 
.Sarah.  October  13,  1734;  Ezra,  mentioned  be- 
low; Daniel,  July  iS,  1739;  Lydia,  October  4, 
1741  ;  Elisha,  July  23,  1743:  John,  November 
2},.  1746;  E])hraim,  died  at  sea:  Polly,  or 
Mary,  May  22,  1749;  Ann,  April  22,  1731; 
.Asa,  December  3,  1733,  resided  at  Hartford; 
Ephraim,  1753. 

(  \  )  Ezra,  son  of  Josiah  Corning,  was  born 
at  Preston,  April  10,  1737.  He  was  the  first 
of  the  family  to  come  from  IVeston  to  Hart- 
fird.  He  was  a  shoemaker  by  trade,  and  kept 
a  grocery  at  Hartford,  fie  lived  near  the  site 
of  the  Governor  Toucey  house.  He  married 
(first)  Mary,  daughter  of  Captain  Thomas 
Hopkins;  (second)  Catherine  Hall;  (third) 
Hannah  P.entdn.  Children:  Marv,  died  young: 
Huli'ah,  married,  1786,  Miller  Fish,  of  Hart- 
ford (see  Fish)  ;  Daniel,  married \'ib- 

bert :  Ezra  Jr.  Children  of  second  wife  :  George, 
Charles,  Catherine,  William ;  Henry,  died 
young;  Henry,  resided  at  Harford. 

(  The  Peabody  Line  ) . 

The  surname  Peabody  is  of  ancient  English 
origin.  The  generally  accepted  explanation  of 
the  origin  of  this  name  is  given  by  the  English 
Heraldry  office  as  from  a  leader  of  one  of  the 
tribes,  a  man  of  wealth  and  influence  named 
Peabodie,  who  by  his  prowess  and  exertions 
in  the  brittle  on  the  river  D(iuglass  aided  in  ex- 
pelling the  northern  Saxon  invaders,  and.  hav- 
ing in  his  possession,  the  trophy  taken  by  his 
ancestors  from  a  Roman  officer  at  the  time 
Oueen  Boadicea,  of  Briton,  was  subdued  by 
Emperor  Nero,  the  coat-of-arms  was  confirm- 
ed with  additions  by  King  Arthur.  This  an- 
cient Roman  coat-of-arms  is  described :  Paty 
]ier  fesse  nebule,  cjules,  aziire,  two  suns  proper 
with  a  gare.  Crest:  A  scroll.  The  familv  motto 
\^:Mnrns   acncus   coiisciciitia   saiui.      Boadie, 



who  k'd  the  Britons  in  the  battle  with  the 
Romans,  escaped  to  the  mountains  of  Wales. 
The  word  Pea,  meaning  a  hill  or  mountain, 
was  added  to  the  name,  and  by  it  the  tribe  was 
known  for  centuries.  The  tribe  maintained  a 
separate  existence  for  five  hundred  years.  Upon 
the  helmet  and  armor  of  the  Roman  olTicer  was 
a  Roman  badge  of  honor  and  distinction,  con- 
sisting of  two  suns  proper  in  bordure.  There 
was  also  a  miniature  likeness  of  the  Empress 
Poppaea,  wife  of  Nero.  The  spelling  Pay- 
body,  Paybodie,  Pabodie  and  various  other 
forms  are  found. 

(I)  John  Peabody,  the  American  immigrant, 
came  to  this  cotmtry  from  England,  about 
if>3(),  and  settled  in  the  Plymouth  colony,  New 
England.  Ilis  name  appears  on  the  list  of 
freeman  ]\Iarch  7,  1636-37.  He  had  grants  of 
land  at  Duxbury.  His  will  was  dated  July,  1640, 
and  was  proved  April  2"^,  1667.  He  married 
Isabel  .  Cliildren :  i.  Thomas,  men- 
tioned in  the  will.  2.  Erancis,  came,  in  1635,  in 
the  ship  "Planter";  ancestor  of  most  of  the 
Essex  county  families.  3.  William,  mentioned 
below.  4.  Annis,  married,  i63<;,  John  Rowe 
(or  Rouse). 

(U)  William  Peabodie,  or  Pabodie,  son  of 
John,  was  born  in  England,  in  1620,  and  died 
December  13,  1707,  at  Little  Compton,  Rhode 
Island.  He  married  at  Plymouth,  December 
26,  1644,  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  John  and 
Priscilla  (Mullins)  Alden.  She  was  born  in 
Plymouth,  and  died  at  Little  Compton,  Rhode 
Island,  May  31,  171 7.  As  her  parents  came 
in  the  "Mayflower,"  her  descendants  are  eligi- 
ble to  the  Society  of  Mayflower  Descendants. 
William  Peabody  spent  his  youth  in  Duxbury. 
In  various  documents  he  is  called  yeoman, 
boatman,  planter,  and,  in  1681.  wheehvright. 
He  was  also  a  land  surveyor.  He  bought  land 
of  John  Holland  and  Hopestill  Foster,  of  Dor- 
chester, November  i,  1648,  and  other  lands  at 
Mattapoisett  and  Sepecan.  He  removed  to 
Little  Compton,  Rhode  Island,  about  1684.  He 
was  deputy  to  the  general  court,  from  Dux- 
bury, in  1654-63-68-71  to  1682.  He  was  ad- 
mitted a  freeman  June  5,  1651.  His  will  was 
dated  May  13,  1707.  Children:  John,  born 
October  4.  1645;  Elizabeth,  April  2.  1647; 
Mary,  August  7,  1648 ;  Mercy  and  Martha, 
January  2,  1649;  Priscilla,  January  15,  1653; 
Sarah,  August  7,  1656;  Ruth,  June  19,  1658; 
Rebecca,  October  15,  1660;  Hannah,  October 
15,  1662:  William,  November  24,  1664;  Lydia, 
April  3,  1667. 

(HI)  William  (2),  son  of  William  (i) 
Peabody,  was  born  at  Duxbury,  November  24, 
1664.  He  removed  with  his  father  to  Little 
Compton,  and  spent  the  rest  of  his  days  there. 
He  was  a  farmer.  He  was  admitted  a  free- 
man. May  I,  1722,  in  Massachusetts.  He  died 
September  17,  1744.    His  will  is  dated  August 

7,   1743.     He  married    (first)   Judith , 

born  1669,  died  July  26,  1714;  (second)  Eliz- 
abeth  ;  (third)  Mary  (Morgan)  Starr. 

Children,  born  at  Little  Compton :  Elizabeth, 
April  10,  1698;  John,  February  9,  1700;  Will- 
iam, February  21,  1702;  Rebecca,  February 
29,  1704;  Priscilla,  March  4,  1706;  Judith, 
January  23,  1708;  Joseph,  July  26,  1710;  Mary, 
April  4,  1712,  married,  November  26,  1736, 
Nathaniel  Fish  (see  Fish)  ;  Benjamin,  Novem- 
ber 25,  1717. 

Lawrence  Clinton,  the  first  of 
CLINTON  the  name  in  New  Haven,  Con- 
necticut, was  born  in  1679,  died 
in  1757-58.  He  settled  in  what  is  now  North 
Haven,  Connecticut,  in  1704,  and  became  a 
member  of  the  Center  Church,  at  New  Haven, 
that  same  year,  and  was  one  of  si.x  men  who 
united  in  forming  an  Episcopal  Society  in 
North  Haven,  in  1723.  By  occupation  he 
was  a  mason.  He  married,  about  1700,  Mary 
Brockett ;  (second)  Elizabeth  (Barnes).  Chil- 
dren of  first  wife:  Elizabeth,  married,  January 
20,  1725-26,  James  Bishop;  Abigail;  Mary, 
married,  October  21, 1725,  Isaac  Griggs  ;:  Lydia  ; 
Sarah ;  Anne,  and  Phebe.  Children  of  second 
wife:  Lawrence,  January  i.  1737;  John,  born 
April  9,  1740. 

(I)  Shubael  Clinton,  possibly  a  brother  of 
Lawrence  Clinton,  probably  came  with  him  to 
New  Haven  from  Massachusetts,  and  was 
doubtless  born  in  England,  as  early  as   1690. 

He  married  Elizabeth  .     He  joined  the 

Episcopal  church,  at  West  Haven,  and  this 
religious  affiliation  is  almost  positive  proof  of 
English  birth.  Shubael,  his  wife  Elizabeth 
and  si.x  children  were  baptized  in  the  Episcopal 
church,  at  West  Haven,  in  1734.  Children: 
Elizabeth,  married,  June,  1737,  Eliphalet  Ste- 
vens ;  Mercy  ;  Mary  ;  Shubael,  died  in  the  serv- 
ice in  the  French  and  Indian  war  (p.  105,  vol. 
ix.  Conn.  Hist.  Society  French  and  Indian 
War  Rolls),  he  was  in  the  Seventh  Company, 
First  Regiment,  and  was  reported  dead  Octo- 
ber 13,  1756,  he  served  under  Captain  David 
Baldwin,  of  Milford  (Jesse,  Henry,  Joseph 
and  L)hn  Clinton  were  also  in  the  French  and 

Xi:\V  YORK. 


Indian  wars),  in  the  inventor}-  of  his  estate  an 
item  appears,  "for  service  in  his  country's 
cause,  7  pounds" ;  Henry,  mentioned  below. 

(II)  Henry,  son  of  Shubael  Clinton,  was 
born  in  1727,  probably  at  New  Haven,  and 
died  April  i,  1814,  at  North  Colebrook,  Con- 
necticut. He  was  a  soldier  in  the  French  and 
Indian  war,  inCaptain  Joseph  Woodrufif's  com- 
pany, of  Milford,  and,  in  1757,  marched  to  the 
relief  of  Fort  William  Henry  (p.  220,  vol.  ix, 
I'>ench  and  Indian  War  Rolls).  In  1790  he 
was  living  in  Litchfield  county.  He  settled 
at  Barkhamstead,  Connecticut,  and  afterward 
located  at  New  Milford,  Litchfield  county, 
Connecticut,  in  1763.  He  married,  in  1760.  at 
Derby,  Rachel  Pierson.  Children:  i.  Elijah 
P.,  baptized  at  Derby,  April,  1762,  died  young. 

2.  Henry,  1765,  at  New  Milford.  3.  Sheldon, 
born  in  1767,  at  New  Milford.  4.  Lyman, 
mentioned  below.  5.  Clarissa,  born  1780,  at 
New  Milford;  married,  1799,  Ira  Andrews. 

(III)  Lyman,  son  of  Henry  Clinton,  was 
born  at  New  Milford,  April  3,  1771,  diell  April 
30,  1855,  at  Newark  Valley,  New  York.  He 
moved  from  Colebrook,  with  his  family,  to 
Newark,  Tioga  county.  New  York,  in  1831, 
after  visiting  Newark  \alley  the  previous  year 
and  buying  six  hundred  acres  of  land,  which 
he  later  shared  with  his  sons.  He  married 
Mehitable  Pease,  who  died  at  Newark  Valley, 
September  7,  1834,  aged  fifty-seven  years.  Chil- 
dren :  I.  Lyman,  mentioned  below.  2.  Samuel, 
born  April  2,  1800,  died  December  6,  1858,  at 
Ithaca,    New   York ;   married    Rachel    Knapp. 

3.  Henry,  born   September  2,    1802;  married 

Mary  .     4.    Alehitable,  July   24,    1805, 

died  September  29,  1868,  at  Newark  \'alley, 
unmarried.  5.  Sheldon,  born  October  20,  1807; 
died  June  22,  1876,  at  Williamsport,  Pennsyl- 
vania ;  married,  in  June,  1840,  Elinor  Ogden. 
6.  George,  born  June  14,  1809,  died  April  17, 
1853.  ^t  Newark  Valley.  7.  Eli,  June  25,  181 1, 
died  August,  1892.  8.  Rhoda,  born  June  12, 
1814,  died  March  9,  1875:  married,  in  1837, 
Albert  Williams. 

(IV)  Lyman  (2),  son  of  Lyman  (i)  Clin- 
ton, was  born  May  7,  1798,  at  Barkhamstead, 
Connecticut ;  died  July  4,  1873,  at  Newark 
X'alley,  New  York.  He  removed  wnth  his 
father  from  Colebrook,  Connecticut,  to  New- 
ark \'alley,  in  1831.  His  farm  was  a  mile  and 
a  half  east  of  Newark  \'alley.  By  trade  he 
was  a  cooper.  In  politics  he  was  a  Democrat. 
He  married,  November  i,  1821,  Miranda  Stone. 
born  December  29,  1801,  at  Sharon,  Connecti- 

cut, died  February  i,  1882,  at  Newark  \'alley. 
New  Y'ork.  Children,  born  at  Colebrook  and 
Newark  Y'alley:  i.  Royal  Wells,  mentioned 
below.  2.  Elizabeth,  born  April  10,  1824,  died 
January  26,  1899.  3.  Annis  M.,  born  April  6, 
1825,  died  ApvW  20,  1885;  married  James 
Ayres.  4.  Julian,  born  May  6,  1826,  died  Sep- 
tember 30,  1857;  married  Mary  Strong.  5. 
Stephen  P.,  born  November  7,  1827,  died  Janu- 
ary 3,  1881.  6.  Corinda,  born  February  8, 
1830,  died  April  25,  1832.  7.  Lucy,  born  Au- 
gust 27,  1831 ;  married  Myron  Hayford.  8. 
Oliver  P.,  born  June  11,  1833.  9.  Amaryllis 
P.,  born  February  23,  1837,  died  October  30, 
1898;  married  Edgar  Boyce.  10.  Gilbert  S.,  ■ 
born  June  i,  1840,  died  April  20,  1851.  11. 
Edwin  \'.,  born  May  9,  1841  ;  married,  No- 
vember lO,  1861.  Ellen  roasted.  12.  Alvira, 
twin  of  Edwin  \'.,  died  April  20,  1842.  13. 
Alvira  ]\I.,  born  C)ctober  11,  1842,  died  Au- 
gust 7,   1872;  married  Porter  Moore. 

( \' )  Royal  Wells,  son  of  Lyman  (2)  Clin- 
ton, was  born  at  Colebrook,  Connecticut,  March 
I,  1823,  died  at  Newark  Valley,  March  20, 
1895.  He  was  educated  in  the  public  schools, 
and  from  his  youth  followed  farming  for  a 
calling.  From  1850  to  1865  he  lived  on  a  farm 
a  mile  and  a  half  east  of  Newark  Valley,  and 
from  that  year  to  1895  in  the  village  of  New- 
ark X'alley.  He  built  the  first  steam  sawmill 
operated  in  New  York,  and  was  extensively 
interested  in  the  lumber  business  for  many 
years.  In  religion  he  was  a  Methodist,  and 
for  forty  years  was  superintendent  of  the  Sun- 
day school.  He  was  a  director  of  the  South 
Central  Railroad  Company  from  1868  to  1895, 
and  a  trustee  of  the  Tioga  National  Bank,  of 
Owego.  He  was  generous  and  public  spirited. 
He  gave  a  handsome  school  building  to  the 
village  of  Newark  Valley.  In  politics  he  was 
a  Republican.  For  many  years  he  represented 
the  town  in  the  board  of  supervisors.  In  1891 
he  represented  the  tlistrict  in  the  state  assem- 
bl}'  and  served  on  important  committees.  He 
married,  at  Newark  Valley,  May  16,  1844, 
Anna  C.  Knapp,  who  was  born  at  New  Marl- 
borough, Massachusetts,  September  7,  1825, 
died  at  Newark  Valley,  June  13,  1882.  Chil- 
dren: I.  Ella  J.,  born  April  20,  1845:  married, 
November  22,  1865,  Morris  Elwell,  born  Au- 
gust 3,  1840,  died  December  31,  1894:  chil- 
dren: i.  Cora,  born  August  20,  1867,  married 
(first),  October  27,  1886,  at  Scranton,  Penn- 
sylvania, Grant  Dilley,  married  (second),  Feb- 
ruary  17,   1898,  A.   L.   Morrison;  ii.  Clinton, 


i\EW   YORK. 

born  April  14,  iSCvj.  marrieil,  January  30, 
1895,  Mary  C.  Lawrence;  iii.  Anna  C,  born 
March  20,  1879,  married,  September,  1901, 
Harry  Miller.    2.  Austin  W.,  mentioned  below. 

3.  Arthur  Ci.,  born  March  3,  1856;  married, 
June  13,  1880,  Addie  Roys,  born  April  27, 
1858:  children:  Edith  K.,  born  August  8,  1881  ; 
Leonard,  June  22.  1885;  Ruth,  May  15,  1892. 

(\'I)  Austin  \V.,  son  of  Royal  Wells  Clm- 
ton,  was  born  March  11,  1850,  at  Newark 
\'alley.  Xevv  York.  He  attended  the  public 
schools  of  his  native  town,  the  Cazenovia 
Seminary,  the  Wyoming  Seminary,  and  Cor- 
nel! L'niversity,  from  which  he  was  graduated 
in  the  class  of  1872,  with  the  degree  of  Bach- 
elor of  Science.  h''r(jm  1872  to  1874  he  taught 
natural  science  in  Wyoming  Seminary.  He 
then  when  abroad,  and  upon  his  return,  in 
1875,  he  located  at  Harford,  New  Y'ork,  and 
engaged  in  the  lumber  business  and  operated 
a  sawmill.  In  1882-83  1^^  ^'^^  supervisor  of 
the  town  of  Harford,  and  for  ten  years  was 
postmaster  there.  He  removed  to  Galeton, 
Pennsylvania,  where  he  had  lumber  interests. 
Since  1895  he  has  been  in  the  lumber  business 
in  Binghamton,  and  has  made  his  home  in  that 
city.  He  is  a  director  of  the  Tioga  National 
Bank,  at  Owego :  of  the  People's  Bank,  in 
Binghaniton  ;  treasurer  of  the  Lestershire  Lum- 
ber and  Box  Company,  and  ])resident  of  Lester- 
shire Spool  and  Manufacturing  Company.  In 
politics  he  is  a  Rejiublican,  in  religion  a  Meth- 
odist, and  is  a  trustee  of  Tabernacle  Church, 
of  Binghamton,  New  York. 

He  married,  October  13,  1876,  Alice  Davis, 
of  Scranton,  Pennsylvania,  daughter  of  David 
R.  Davis.  Children:  i.  Emelius,  born  July  3, 
1878,  at  Harford  Mills,  New  York;  died  May 
28,  1892.  2.  Harry  Davis,  born  November  7, 
187C),  at  Harford;  entered  Cornell  University, 
in  the  class  of  1903;  was  a  sergeant  in  the 
British  army,  in  South  Africa,  in  1901  ;  engi- 
neering in  Ecuador,  South  America,  in  1902 ; 
was  in  Cuba  in  1903;  at  present  manager 
of  the  Leicestershire  Spool  &  Manufacturing 
Company;  married,  June  15,  1907,  Elizabeth 
Newcomb,  born  April  7,  1886;  children:  Aus- 
tin W.,  born  August  15,  1908;  Harry  Davi> 
Jr.,  July  16,  igio.     3.  Louis  Royal,  born  July 

4,  1881,  at  Harford  Mills;  entered  Cornell 
University,  in  the  class  of  1901  ;  married,  Sep- 
tember 27,  1904,  Jessica  M.  Ostrom,  born  May 
20,  1880;  child:  Royal  Duane,  born  January 
2,  1910.  4.  Helen  Bessie,  born  April  i;,  1883. 
at  Harford  ;  graduate  of  \'assar  College,  class 

of  1905.  5.  Caroline  Mabel,  born  March  11, 
1889,  at  Galeton,  Pennsylvania:  graduate  of 
\  assar  College,  in  191 1. 

The  Bliss  family  is  believed  to  be 
BLLSS  the  same  as  the  Blois  family  of 
Normandy,  gradually  modified  in 
spelling  to  Bloys,  Blysse,  Blisse,  and.  in  .Amer- 
ica, to  Bliss.  The  family  has  been  in  England, 
however,  since  the  Norman  conquest,  but  is 
not  numerous  and  never  appears  to  have  been. 
The  coat-of-arms  borne  by  the  Bliss  and  Bloys 
families  is  the  same :  Sable,  a  bend  vaire,  be- 
tween two  fleurs-de-lis  or.  Crest :  A  hand 
holding  a  bundle  of  arrows.  Motto:  Scinfier 
sursani.  The  ancient  family  tradition  repre- 
sents the  seat  of  the  Bliss  family  in  the  south 
of  England,  and  belonging  to  the  yeomanry, 
though  at  various  times  some  of  the  family 
were  knighted. 

(I)  Thomas  Bliss,  progenitor  of  the  Amer- 
ican family,  lived  at  Belstone  parish,  Devon- 
shire. -England.  Little  is  known  of  him  ex- 
cept that  he  was  a  wealthy  landowner,  and  was 
a  Puritan,  jiersecuted  on  account  of  his  faith, 
by  civil  anfl  religious  authorities,  under  the 
direction  of  the  infamous  Archbishop  Laud, 
that  he  was  maltreated,  impoverished  and  im- 
prisoned. He  was  reduced  to  poverty  and  his 
health  ruined  by  the  persecution  of  the  Church 
of  England.  He  is  supposed  to  have  been  born 
about  i553-(:)0,  and  he  died  about  1636.  When 
the  parliament  of  1628  assembled,  Puritans  or 
Roundheads,  as  they  were  called  by  the  Cava- 
liers or  Tories,  accompanied  the  members  to 
London.  Two  of  the  sons  of  Thomas  Bliss, 
Jonathan  and  Thomas,  rode  from  Devonshire 
on  iron-grey  horsej,  and  remained  for  some 
time — long  enough,  anyhow,  for  the  king's 
officers  and  spies  to  mark  them,  and  from  that 
time  they,  with  others  who  had  gone  on  the 
same  errand  to  the  capital,  were  marked  for 
destruction.  The  Bliss  brothers  were  fined  a 
thousand  pounds  for  their  non-conformity,  and 
thrown  into  prison,  where  they  lay  for  weeks. 
Even  their  venerable  father  was  dragged 
through  the  streets  with  the  greatest  indignities. 
C^n  another  occasion  the  officers  of  the  high 
commission  seized  all  their  horses  and  all  their 
sheep,  except  one  poor  ewe,  that  in  its  fright 
ran  into  the  house  and  took  refuge  under 
a  bed.  .At  another  time  the  three  sons  of 
Thomas  Bliss,  with  a  dozen  Puritans,  were  led 
through  the  market  place,  in  Okehampton, 
with  ropes  ar(  imd  their  necks  and  also  fined 



lieavily.  On  another  occasion  Thomas  was  ar- 
restetl  and  thrown  into  prison  with  his  son 
Jonatlian,  who  eventually  died  from  the  hard- 
ships and  abuse  of  the  churchmen.  At  an- 
other time  the  king's  officers  seized  the  cattle 
of  the  family  and  most  of  their  household 
goods,  some  of  which  were  highly  valued  for 
their  age  and  beauty,  and  as  heirlooms,  having 
been  for  centuries  in  the  family.  In  fact,  the 
family  being  so  impoverished,  b)'  constant  per- 
secution, was  unable  to  pay  the  fines  and  secure 
the  release  of  both  father  and  son  from  prison, 
so  the  young  man  remained  and  the  father's 
fine  was  paid.  At  Easter  the  young  man  re- 
ceived thirty-five  lashes.  .After  the  father  died, 
his  widow  lived  with  their  daughter,  whose 
husband,  .Sir  John  Calclit'fe,  was  a  communi- 
cant of  the  Cliurch  of  England,  in  good  stand- 
ing. The  remnant  of  the  estate  was  divided 
among  the  three  sons,  who  were  advised  to 
go  to  America  to  escape  further  persecution. 
Thomas  and  George  feared  to  wait  for  Jona- 
than, who  was  ill  in  prison,  and  they  left  Eng- 
land in  the  fall  of  1635  with  their  families 
Thomas,  son  of  Jonathan,  and  grandson  of 
Thomas  Pdiss,  retuained  in  England  until  his 
father  died,  and  then  he  also  came  to  .Amer- 
ica, settling  near  his  uncle  of  the  same  name. 
At  various  times  the  sister  of  the  immigrants 
sent  to  the  brothers  boxes  of  shoes,  clothing 
and  articles  that  could  not  l>e  procured  in  the 
colonies,  and  it  is  through  her  letters,  long  ]3re- 
served  in  the  original  but  now  lost,  that  knowl- 
edge of  the  family  was  handed  down  from 
generation  to  generation.  Children  of  Thomas  : 
Jonathan,  dieil  in  England,  in  i635-3() ;  Thomas, 
mentioned  below  ;  Elizabeth,  married  Sir  John 
CalclifTe,  of  Belstone ;  George,  born  1591,  died 
August  31,  1687,  settled  in  I^ynn,  Massachu- 
setts, and  later  at  Sandwich,  in  that  province, 
and  at  Xew]3ort,  Rhode  Island :  Mary. 

( II )  Thomas  (  2  ),  son  of  Thomas  (  1  )  I'.liss, 
was  born  in  England,  at  Belstone.  in  Devon- 
shire,  about    1585.      He  married   in   Englaml. 

about   1612,  Margaret 

It  is  believed 

that  her  name  was  Margaret  Lawrence,  and 
that  she  was  born  about  1594.  She  is  said,  by 
good  authority,  to  have  been  a  good  looking 
woman,  with  a  square  chin,  indicating  great 
strength  of  character.  After  the  death  of 
her  husband,  which  took  place  about  1639.  she 
managed  the  affairs  of  the  family  with  great 
prudence  and  good  judgment.  She  was  ener- 
getic, efficient  and  of  great  intellectual  capacity. 
Her  eldest  daughter  married  Robert  Chapman. 

of  Saybrook.  Connecticut,  .\pril  29,  if>42,  and 
settled  in  Saybrook,  wdiere  Thomas  Dliss  Jr. 
also  settled,  removing  to  Springfield,  Massa- 
chusetts, on  account  of  the  malarial  fevers 
then  prevalent  in  Connecticut.  She  sold  her 
property  in  Hartford  and  purchased  a  tract  a 
mile  square  in  Springfield,  in  the  south  part 
of  the  town,  on  what  is  now  Main  street. 
Margaret  Bliss  tiled  August  29,  1(184.  full 
forty  years  after  the  death  of  her  husband, 
and  nearly  fifty  after  she  emigrated.  Children  : 
.\nn,  born  in  England ;  Mary,  married  Joseph 
Parsons  ;  Thomas  ;  Nathaniel ;  Lawrence  ;  Sam- 
uel, born  1624;  Sarah,  born  in  Boston,  in  1635  ; 
Elizabeth.  i')37,  at  Boston,  married  Myles 
Morgan,  founder  of  Springfield;  Hannah,  born 
at  Hartford,  in  1639:  John,  mentioned  below. 

(Ill)  John,  son  of  Thomas  (2)  liliss,  was 
born  at  Hartford,  Connecticut,  in  1640,  died 
Se])tember  10,  1702.  He  removed  to  North- 
ampton, in  1672,  and  was  there  through  his 
sister's  trial  for  witchcraft.  He  removed  to 
•Springfield,  in  1683,  and  soon  afterward  to 
Longmeadow,  where  he  spent  the  remainder 
of  his  life.  He  married,  October  7,  I&^/, 
Patience  Burt,  born  August  18,  1643,  died 
r)ctober  23,  1732,  daughter  of  Henry  Burt,  of 
Springfield.  Children  ;  John,  born  Sejjtember 
7,  1669;  .Nathaniel,  January  26,  1671  ;  Thomas, 
mentioned  below  :  Jo.seph,  1676  ;  Hannah,  No- 
vember 16,  1678;  Henry,  .August  15,  1681  : 
Ebenezer,  1683. 

(  I\' )  Thomas  (3),  son  of  John  ISliss,  was 
born  at  Longmeadow,  October  29,  1673,  died 
there,  .August  12,  1758.  He  married,  ^lay  27, 
1714,  Mary,  daughter  of  William  and  Mar- 
garet Macranny.  She  was  born  November  2, 
1690,  died  March  30,  1761.  Children,  born 
at  Longmeadow:  IVIary,  December  4,  1715: 
Thomas,  May  3,  1719:  Henry.  December  3. 
1722,  died  young;  Henry,  mentioned  below. 

(A')  Henry,  son  of  Thomas  (3)  Bliss,  was 
born  August  21.  1726,  at  Longmeadmv  ;  died 
I*>bruary  7-8,  1761.  He  was  a  farmer  at  Long- 
meadow. He  married  Ruby  Brewer,  of  Leb- 
anon (published  December  22,  1749).  The 
widow  and  children  removed,  in  I7(>3,  to  Leb- 
anon, Connecticut,  and  afterward  to  Bernards- 
ton,  ^Massachusetts.  Children:  Thomas,  born 
December  7,  1730:  Solomon,  November  8, 
1751  :  Calvin,  mentioned  below;  Henry,  June 
7,  1737:  lluldah,  July  2,  1759. 

I  \  I )  Calvin,  son  of  Henry  lUiss,  was  born 
at  Coleraine,  Massachusetts,  Alay  14,  1734. 
died  in  October,   184').     He  was  a   farmer  at 



Bernardston.  and,  about  1800,  removed  to 
Shorehain,  Addison  county,  Vermont.  He  was 
a  soldier  in  the  revolution,  in  Captain  Ephraim 
Chapin's  company.  Colonel  Ruggles  Wood- 
bury's regiment,  August  17,  1777,  to  Novem- 
ber 29,  and  is  said  to  have  held  a  commission 
in  Washington's  army.  He  married,  June  26, 
1777,  Ruth,  born  May  11,  1756-57,  daughter  of 
Ebenezer  and  Sarah  (Field)  Janes,  of  North- 
field,  Vermont.  Children:  Ruby,  born  1778; 
Philomela,  June  11,  1782;  Huldah;  Solomon, 
mentioned  below  ;  Martha,  September  15,  1788; 
Ruth,  June  10,  1790;  Mehitable,  May  17,  1792; 
Calvin,  May  14,  1794;  Henry,  March  2/,  1796; 
Oliver  Brewster,  July  6,  1799. 

(VH)  Solon_ion,  son  of  Calvin  Bliss,  was 
born  April  9,  1786,  died  at  Wilk-t,  New  York, 
June  6,  1861.  He  settled  at  Preston,  Chenango 
county,  New  York.  He  married,  January  i, 
1808,  Anna  Packer,  born  at  Guilford,  Ver- 
mont, June  30,  1786,  died  at  Henderson,  New 
York,  January  14,  1866.  Children:  Eunice 
P.,  born  July  28,  1809;  Amanda  P.,  July  5, 
1813,  died  young;  Lydia  J.,  January  11,  1815; 
Ruth,  January  11,  1817,  died  young;  Joshua 
P.,  at  Preston,  April  29,  1818;  Ruth  C,  July 
17,  1820;  Calvin  J.,  mentioned  below;  Ira  G., 
July  27,  1824. 

(VHI)  Calvin  J.,  son  of  Solomon  Bliss, 
was  born  May  22,  1822,  at  Preston,  New  York, 
and  settled  in  Willet,  Cortland  county,  New 
York.  He  married.  September  18,  1850,  Bet- 
sey A.  Landers,  of  Willet.  Children :  Charles 
Emery,  mentioned  below;  Cora  L.,  born  Sep- 
tember 9,  1870,  at  Binghamton,  died  August 
9,  1 87 1. 

(IX)  Charles  Emery,  son  of  Calvin  J.  Bliss, 
was  born  July  5,  185 1,  at  W'illet,  and  was  edu- 
cated in  the  public  schools  of  Binghamton 
and  in  the  academy.  He  followed  farming  for 
a  number  of  years,  and  then  engaged  in  the 
dry  goods  business  at  Binghamton.  He  was 
deacon  of  the  Baptist  church  and  superin- 
tendent of  the  Sunday  school  for  many  years. 
He  died  July  30,  1900.  He  married,  June  25, 
1874,  Florence,  daughter  of  Hon.  George  Sher- 
wood (see  Sherwood  VI 1).  They  had  one 
son,  George  C.  S.,  mentioned  below. 

(X)  George  C.  S.,  son  of  Charles  Emery 
Bliss,  was  born  April  18,  1877,  at  Towanda. 
Pennsylvania.  Engaged  in  wholesale  dry  goods 
business  in  Binghamton.  He  married,  June 
25,  1902,  Katherine  Shieder.  Children :  George 
Emery,  born  l-'ebruary  24,  1904:  Robert  Leon, 

November  19.  1907;  Barbara  Ruth,  February 
27,  1909. 

(The  Sherwood  Line). 

(II)  Isaac  Sherwood,  youngest  son  of 
Thomas  (q.  v.)  and  Mary  (Fitch)  Sherwood, 
was  born  in  1655,  died  in  1739.  He  had  land 
grants  at  Eastchester,  New  York.  In  1678  he 
was  of  Rye,  New  York,  and,  in  16S7,  of  West- 
port,  Connecticut.  He  married  Elizabeth  Jack- 
son. Children :  Daniel,  Isaac,  John,  David, 
Abigail,  Thomas  (mentioned  below),  Eliza- 

(III)  Thomas,  son  of  Isaac  Sherwood, mar- 
ried Eleanor  Churchill,  of  Green  Farms,  Con- 
necticut. He  died  at  Albany,  New  York,  Au- 
gust 5,  1756,  in  the  French  and  Indian  war,  in 
which  he  was  captain  of  Whitney's  company. 
His  wife  died  October  i,  1754. 

(IV)  John,  son  of  Thomas  Sherwood,  mar- 
ried, March  24,  1761,  Mary  Gorham.  Chil- 
dren :  Asa,  mentioned  below ;  Levi,  born  June 
17,  1764;  Ellen,  February  23,  1766;  Abigail, 
November  18. 1770;  John,  September  10,  1773  ; 
Plezekiah,  twin  of  John ;  Hannah,  July  28, 

(V)  Asa,  son  of  John  Sherwood,  was  born 
July  4,  1762.  He  was  a  soldier  in  the  revolu- 
tion, enlisting  at  Fairfield,  Connecticut,  Febru- 
ary I,  1777;  also  in  the  Second  Connecticut 
Regiment,  under  Colonel  Swift,  and  in  the 
Fourth  Connecticut,  under  Colonel  Meigs.  He 
married  Molly  Phillips,  daughter  of  a  New 
York  City  merchant,  who  had  also  a  son  in 
the  continental  army,  captured  by  the  British 
and  confined  in  one  of  the  prison  ships,  but 
finally  released  through  the  influence  of  the 
father.  ChildreTt:  Isaac  (mentioned  below), 
William,  Asa,  David,  Gorham,  John,  Sally  and 

(VI)  Isaac  (2).  son  of  Asa  Sherwood,  was 
born  probably  at  Guilford,  New  York  ;>,  mar- 
ried Amy  Budlong,  of  Cassville,  New  York. 
Children :  Johan,  married  Frank  LTrsley  and 
lived  at  Waverly;  Ira,  married  Mary  Wallace. 
and  lived  at  Genegan,  Connecticut ;  Asa,  died 
young;  Mary,  married  William  Thomas,  and 
lived  at  Pontusac,  Illinois ;  Eliza,  married 
David  Leach,  and  lived  at  Webster,  Illinois  ; 
Stephen,  married  Clara  Babcock,  and  lived  at 
(ireene ;  Sarah,  married  Albert  Sprague,  and 
lived  at  Binghamton  ;  George,  mentioned  below  ; 
Amy,  married  Myron  Stanton,  and  lived  at 
Greene  ;  Lucy,  married  Joseph  Bixby,  and  lived 

'^/iaic/ed  ^.  ^3/f-U 


kJccicic   i^^lictss'cod 



at  \\  averly  ;  Sophrunia,  married  Thomas  Cow- 
an, ami  lived  at  I'ort  Crane;  Daniel,  dietl  in 
infancy;  Mandana,  married  Edwin  Adams, 
and  lived  at  Binghamton  ;  David,  married  R(js- 
anna  Warner,  and  lived  at  Greene. 

(  \'I1 )  Hon.  George  Sherwood,  son  of  Isaac 
(  2  )  Sherwood,  was  born  in  RIcDonough,  Chen- 
ango county.  New  York,  January  21,  1821, 
died  in  llinghaniton.  New  York,  May  24.  1903. 
He  was  a  farmer,  owning  land  in  Cinghaniton, 
and  a  ]5rominent  citizen.  He  represented  his 
district  in  the  state  assembly,  in  1874-75,  and 
was  active  in  the  temperance  movement,  both 
as  a  legislator  and  a  citizen.  Before  the  war 
he  was  an  earnest  Abolitionist.  He  was  for 
many  years  a  leading  member  and  local  preach- 
er of  the  I'^irst  Bajitist  Church.  He  was  ba])- 
tized  by  the  late  Rev.  R.  A.  Washburn  into 
the  fellowship  of  the  Baptist  church,  at  Gene- 
gantslct  Corners  (now  extinct  or  merged  into 
other  Baptist  churches),  and  later  was  a  mem- 
ber of  the  church  at  Upper  Lisle.  He  removed  to 
the  town  of  Windsor,  Broome  county,  in  1857, 
and  while  there  was  a  member  of  the  Baptist 
church  in  that  place.  He  came  to  Binghamton 
and  became  a  member  of  the  First  liajitist 
Church,  where  he  served  faithfully,  and  was 
an  honored  and  valued  member.  In  1894,  on 
the  organization  of  the  Park  Avenue  Church, 
he  ])ecame  a  constituent  member  of  that  church. 
In  all  of  his  church  life,  of  more  than  three 
score  years,  he  was  an  earnest  and  faithful 
laborer  in  the  Master's  service,  and  was  ever 
ready  to  do  any  work  that  he  could  to  pro- 
mote the  interest  of  the  church  and  to  advance 
the  cause  of  Christ.  To  this  end  he  contributed 
liberally  of  his  money,  time  and  talents,  of 
which  he  was  abundantly  resourceful.  In  him 
his  pastor  always  found  a  true,  wise  and  help- 
ful counselor,  and  he  was  ever  ready  to  render 
any  assistance  he  could.  He  was  a  ready  and 
an  earnest  speaker,  and  very  often  occupied 
the  pulpit  of  the  pastorless  churches  in  a  very 
acceptable  manner.  He  was  kind  and  good  to 
the  aged  and  infirm,  and  often  conducted  relig- 
ious services  in  the  homes  of  those  who  were 
unable  to  attend  church.  He  was  a  man  of 
strong  and  deep  convictions,  ever  battling  for 
the  right,  and  yet  he  always  did  it  in  his  quiet, 
unassuming,  yet  firm  and  imi^ressive  way.  He 
only  wanted  to  know  what  was  right  and  from 
that  he  never  swerved  in  the  path  of  duty.  His 
Christian  home  life  in  the  family  was  delight- 
fid   and   winning,   and   his  children   now   look 

back  upon  it  with  sweet  pleasure  and  the  kind- 
liest remembrances. 

In  public  life  he  was  most  highly  respected 
and  admired,  and  his  integrity  was  never  ques- 
tioned in  any  way  or  manner,  for  he  always 
lived  above  reproach,  and  was  as  consistent, 
firm  and  true  in  all  his  public  duties  and  mat- 
ters entrusted  to  him  as  he  was  in  his  private 
and  church  life.  He  held  the  office  of  super- 
visor of  his  town  when  the  present  county 
poor  house  was  erected,  and  was  one  of  the 
committee  in  charge  of  and  entrusted  with 
that  work.  He  represented  the  county  in  the 
state  legislature  for  the  years  1873-74-75.  There 
was  the  crowning  work  of  his  life,  for  in  that 
body,  through  his  earnest,  heroic  and  inde- 
fatigable eft'orts,  he  secured  the  passage  of  the 
bill,  and  the  appropriation  from  the  state,  that 
gave  to  us  and  this  section  of  the  state  the 
Susquehanna  \'alley  Home,  of  this  city,  for 
orijhan  and  destitute  children,  one  of  the  worth- 
iest institutions  of  its  kind  in  the  country. 
When  others  said  to  him  he  could  never  suc- 
ceed in  accomplishing  these  measures,  he  only 
worked  the  harder  and  adopted  other  methods 
and  was  untiring  in  his  efforts  to  carry  out  his 
long  cherished  jilans,  and  he  left  no  stone  un- 
turned, but  from  the  governor  and  the  leading 
politicians  of  both  parties,  down  to  the  in- 
dividual members,  he  continued  his  persistent 
and  unceasing  eliforts  until  they  were  crowned 
with  abundant  success.  In  this  matter,  as  in 
all  others  he  was  interested  in,  he  had  the 
respect  and  confidence  of  the  leading  men  of 
the  legislature.  They  felt  that  he  was  right 
and  they  admired  his  perseverance,  his  cour- 
age, his  energy  and  his  integrity  of  character. 
He  succeeded  in  his  efforts  and  was  one  of  the 
trustees  of  the  home  from  that  time  until  his 
death.  I  le  was  a  recognized  leader  in  the  tem- 
perance cause  and  was  much  sought  for  to  ad- 
dress the  people  upon  this  subject  far  and 
wide.  He  was  always  very  earnest,  enter- 
taining and  interesting  in  his  addresses,  and 
it  was  a  ])leasure  to  listen  to  him. 

He  married,  April  8,  1849,  Alary  Ann  Jef- 
fords, born  February  17,  1828,  died  November 
28,  1906,  daughter  of  Allen  Cleveland  and 
Ann  Eliza  (  Robinson  )  Jeffords.  .-Mien  C.  Jef- 
fords was  a  son  of  Aniasa  Jeft'ords,  who  was 
born  in  1748.  at  Woodstock,  Connecticut,  and 
marriecl  (first)  Sally  Cleveland,  and  (second) 
Sarah  Clift'ord.  John  Jeffords,  father  of  Amasa, 
was  a  soldier  at  the  battle  of  ISunker  Hill,  in 



1775.  and  his  father  was  killed  in  the  French 
and  Indian  war.  George  Sherwood  died  May 
24,  1903.  His  children:  Florence,  married, 
June  25,  1874,  Charles  Emery  Bliss  (see  Bliss 
IX)  ;  \'iola,  died  July  i,  1903;  Carl  G.,  who 
resides  in  South  Dakota,  in  the  political  affairs 
of  which  state  he  had  taken  an  active  part, 
having  been  a  state  senat(ir  and  a  member  of 
the  first  constituti(jnal  convention,  married, 
February  10,  1885,  Xellie  Fountain,  children: 
(leorge  Fountain,  Harry  Allen  (deceased), 
Mary  Carlton  and  Dolly  Viola:  William  J., 
married,  October  31,  1902,  lona  May  Bills, 
and  had;  Nellie,  Mason  William  (deceased) 
and  Harold :  Grace  Eliza,  mentioned  below. 

(Vni)  Grace  Eliza,  daughter  of  lion. 
George  Sherwood,  was  born  in  riinghamton, 
married  Charles  F.  Parker,  born  September  1 1, 
1 87 1    (see  Parker  III). 

(The   Parker  Line). 

(I)  .\sa  Parker,  first  of  the  famil}-  in  New 
York  state,  came  thither  from  the  village  of 
Green  Mountain,  X'ermont,  and  settled  at  Port 
Crane,  near  Binghamton.  He  married  ]\lary 
Wilson.  Children:  Polly,  married  Matthew 
Carroll ;  Caroline,  married  Joel  Scott :  Eliza, 
married  Hervey  Cronk  ;  Henry,  married  (first) 
Olive  Prentice,  (second)  Sarah  Scoville ;  Mor- 
gan; Obadiah,  mentioned  below;  Emily,  mar- 
ried Norman  Bacon  ;  Daniel. 

(II)  Obadiah,  son  of  Asa  Parker,  was  born 
June  23,  1824,  died  March  10,  1906.  He  mar- 
ried, June  18,  1859,  Candace  White.  Children; 
Delphine,  married,  December  25,  1878,  Ed- 
ward Hopkins,  and  had  Elizabeth,  Hattie, 
Freeman,  Amelia,  Edward  and  George ;  Ida 
May,  born  February  4.  1865,  married,  Febru- 
ary 15,  1888,  Emory  Wells;  Carrie  J.,  April 
3,  1866,  married,  November  17,  1905,  Avery 
Dart;  George  H.,  October  3,  1867,  married, 
November  16,  1892,  Emma  Pond,  and  had 
Florence  and  Howard ;  Edith  May ;  Frank, 
born  February  20,  18(19;  Charles  F.,  mention- 
ed below. 

(III)  Charles  F.,  son  of  Obadiah  Parker, 
was  born  September  11,  1871  ;  married.  Sep- 
tember I,  1898,  Grace  Eliza,  daughter  of  (jcorge 
and  Mary  .'\nn  Sherwood  (see  Sherwood  III). 
Children  ;  Sherwood,  born  May  30,  1902 ;  Carl 
-Sherwood.  November  14,  1905. 

(The  Howland  Line). 

(I)  John  Howland,  the  "Mayflower"  ances- 
tor, was  born  in  England,  in  1593,  and  came  in 

the  "Mayflower,"  with   the   first  company  of 
Pilgrims,  in  1620. 

(II)  Desire  Howland,  daughter  of  John 
Howland,  was  born  at  Plymouth,  in  1(123.  She 
married  Captain  John  Gorham,  of  Briersfield, 
England,  who  won  fame  in  King  Philip's  war, 
and  the  town  of  Gorham,  Maine,  named  for 
him.  has  erected  a  monument  in  his  memory. 

(III)  Jabez  Gorham,  scjn  of  John  and  De- 
sire (Howland)  (jorham.  married  Hannah 
(Sturges)  (jray.  a  widow,  and  had  a  son  Jo- 
se])h,  mentioned  below. 

(IV)  Joseph,  son  of  Jabez  (jorham,  was 
born  at  Bristol,  Rhode  Island,  .\ugust  22, 1692, 
died  January  11,  1773.  He  married,  January 
13,  1726,  Deborah  Barlow,  born  at  Fairfiekl. 
Connecticut,  May  3.  1705,  antl  harl  a  daugh- 
ter Mary  who  married,  March  24,  1761,  John 
.Sherwood  (see  Sherwood  IV). 

The  MacDonalds  of  liing- 
M.\cDON.\LD  hamton,  New  York,  de- 
scend from  the  famous 
Scotch  clan  of  that  name,  who,  both  numerous 
and  powerful,  have  figured  so  prominently  in 
the  history  of  Scotland,  known  as  the  Flora 
MacDonald  clan,  The  maternal  line  traces  to  the 
Marquis  de  Boquet,  of  France,  a  Fluguenot, 
who  escaped  from  the  King's  palace  on  the 
night  of  the  "Massacre  of  St.  Bartholomew," 
and  found  asylum  in  England,  where  he  mar- 
ried and  had  a  daughter.  She  married  a  nephew 
of  Sir  Walter  Raleigh,  Sir  \\'illiam  Arnold.  The 
first  generation  of  MacDonalds  in  .America  be- 
gins with  Thomas  MacDonald,  of  Scotland, 
who  came  to  America  with  his  family,  settling 
in  Hoboken.  later  at  Guttenburg,  Hudson  coun- 
ty, New  Jersey,  'where  he  purchased  land, 
erected  a  home  and  cultivated  the  soil  until  his 

( II)  Thomas  (2),  son  of  Thomas  (i)  Mac- 
Donald. was  born  in  Scotland,  about  the  year 
1740.  He  came  to  America  with  his  parents, 
settled  with  them  on  the  Guttenburg,  New 
Jersey,  farm  which  he  afterward  owned.  He 
followed  the  occupation  of  a  farmer,  supple- 
menting this  by  that  of  a  fisherman  of  the 
neighboring  bays  and  rivers,  then  most  bounti- 
fully stocked  with  the  finest  of  food  fish.  The 
produce  raised  on  the  farm  found  ready  sale 
in  New  York  City,  being  transported  across 
the  Hudson  in  small  boats  or  barges.  He  mar- 
ried and  among  his  children  was  Thomas,  see 

(III)  Thomas    (3),    son    of    Thomas    (2) 



MacDonald,  was  born  on  the  homestead  farm 
in  Guttenburg,  Hudson  county.  New  Jersey, 
about  1770.  He  followed  the  occupations  of 
farmer  and  fisherman,  and  passed  a  life 
similar  to  that  of  his  father,  cultivating  his 
fields  and  in  the  season  drawing  his  nets,  and 
finding  a  good  market  for  all  he  could  produce 

in  the  city  across  the  river.  He  married 

.      Children:    1.    Thomas    (4).   married 

Jennie  English.  2.  Jeremiali.  of  further  men- 
tion.    3.  James,  married  Elizabeth  .     4. 

Sarah  Maria,  married  James  Demorcst  Mc- 
Donald. 5.  Rudolphus,  married  -Sarah  Ann 
Gardner.     6.  David,  married  Mary  Sedore. 

(I\')  Jeremiah,  son  of  Thomas  (3)  Mac- 
Donald,  was  born  in  Guttenburg,  Hudson  coun- 
ty. New  Jersey,  December  19,  1807,  died  July 
26,  1880.  He  was  educated  in  the  town  schools, 
and  forsaking  the  farm  and  bays  learned  the 
trade  of  cabinet-maker  with  Henry  Lee,  nf 
New  York  City.  After  completing  his  years 
of  apprenticeshi]x  he  began  as  a  journeyman 
with  Joseph  Bradley,  at  317  Pearl  street.  New 
York  City.  Tliey  sold  out  their  business  to 
Creore  &  Rogers,  who  were  succeeded  by  James 
T.  Pratt  &  Company,  they  in  turn  selling  out 
to  Swaim  &  Company,  with  whom  Jeremiah 
MacDonald  was  connected  for  many  years, 
continuing  until  within  a  few  years  of  his  de- 
cease. During  all  the  firm  changes  mentioned. 
he  remained  with  each  succeeding  firm,  work- 
ing for  forty-seven  years  at  his  trade  in  the 
same  building,  at  the  same  number,  317  Pearl 
street.  His  residence  was  in  New  York  City, 
at  129  East  Fiftieth  street,  between  Third  and 
Lexington  avenues  (now  No.  131  ).  He  was  a 
member  of  the  P)aptist  church;  a  Democrat  in 
politics,  and  a  member  of  the  Tammany  Hall 
organization  from  its  foundation.  He  mar- 
ried (first),  February  16,  1832.  Susan  Whit- 
church, born  April  i,  1812,  died  May  7.  1848: 
married  (second).  May  i,  1852,  Rebecca  .\nn 
Howland,  born  July  7,  181 7,  died  January  7. 
1904  (see  Howland).  Children  by  first  wife: 
1.  Thomas  Whitchurch,  born  November  20, 
1832,  died  August  11,  1836.  2.  Charles  H., 
born  June  2,  1835,  died  June  id,  1863.  prob- 
ably at  Baton  Rouge,  Louisiana,  while  serving 
as  a  soldier  in  the  L^nion  army,  during  the 
civil  war.  3.  Thomas  Whitchurch  (2).  born 
October  15.  1839,  died  .August  7,  1847.  Child 
by  second  wife:  4.  Jeremiah  (2).  of  further 

(V)  Dr.  Jeremiah  (2)  MacDonald.  son  of 
Jeremiah    (t)    and   Rebecca   Ann    (Howland) 

MacDonald,  was  born  in  New  York  City,  129 
East  Fiftieth  street,  May  22.  1859.  He  was 
educated  in  the  city  schools,  public  and  private, 
and  as  a  child  and  youth  became  deeply  inter- 
ested in  the  "(Jccult  Science."  When  a  lad  of 
''ix  years  he  says  "1  remember  my  grand- 
mother Howland  telling  hair-raising  stories 
(she  died  at  age  of  ninety-six  years),  and  the 
next  day  1  would  tell  them  over  again  to  the 
children  at  school  (a  small  private  school  kept 
by  Miss  Rose  Failing).  I  heard  so  nuich  about 
visions,  apparitions  and  clairvoyance  that  at 
about  fourteen  years  of  age  I  also  began  to 
'see  things'  and  foretell  things  that  would  hap- 
])en,  imtil  1  became  the  wonder  of  the  neigh- 
borhood and  began  to  a]iply  myself  diligently 
to  the  study  of  everything  in  that  line,  devot- 
ing especial  attention  to  astronomy,  geography, 
mathematics,  clairvoyance,  medicine,  and  every 
species  of  mystery."  Xotwithstanding  this 
early  predilection  for  the  "mysterious,"  he 
began  life  as  a  real  estate  agent  in  New  York 
City,  and  contituied  for  several  years  with 
offices  at  171  Broadway.  .At  last  he  decided 
to  follow  his  natural  inclinations  and  entered 
Chicago  Medical  College,  where  he  was  gradu- 
ated M.  D.  in  1893.  He  located  in  Detroit, 
Michigan,  later  removing  to  ^liddletown.  New 
York,  removing  to  Binghamton,  New  York, 
in  1895.  where  he  continued  the  practice  of 
medicine,  later  engaging  in  the  manufacture 
and  sale  of  a  proprietary  medicine,  known  as 
Atlas  Compound,  which  he  still  continues 
(191 1 ).  During  these  years  he  continued  his 
investigation,  giving  especial  attention  to  astro- 
logy and  clairvoyance :  traveling  as  he  says 
"Many  thousands  of  miles:  accumulated  thou- 
sands of  rare  books:  cast  more  than  one  hun- 
dre  1  thousand  nativities:  treated  another  one 
hundred  thousand  sick  and  ailing  people  :  cheer- 
ed the  discouraged  and  foretold  peril  and  dan- 
ger." He  is  the  author  of  a  work  on  astrology, 
pulilished  in  1904.  He  is  a  graduate  of  the 
Chicago  School  of  Psychology;  and  of  the 
.\mcrican  .Academy  of  Physics  and  Medical 
College;  member  of  St.  fluke's  Ho.spital,  Niles. 
Michigan ;  Surgeon's  American  College  of 
.Science,  Philadelphia,  Pennsylvania,  and  the 
New  York  Osteopathic  Physicians'  Society. 

He  married.  June  8,  1881.  Alida  MacDonald 
(a  third  cousin),  born  March  i,  1839,  daugh- 
ter of  Abraham  and  Sarah  Ellen  MacDonald. 
Children:  i.  Reuben  Howland,  born  March 
14,  1882:  married,  October  27,  1910,  Lillian, 
daucrhter  of  Nathaniel  Livernmre.     2.  .Arthm" 


NEW    \()RK. 

Cleveland,  born  August  28,  1884;  married, 
September  12,  1906.  Fanny  M.  Noyes,  of  Port 
Dickinson,  New  York.  3.  Elsie  Dinsmore, 
born  May  (>,  1887,  died  July  19,  1888.  4.  Edgjar 
Coe,  born  March  i,  1889,  died  February,  1890. 

(The  Howland  Line). 

Rebecca  Ann  (  Howland  )  AlacDonald.nidther 
of  Dr.  Jeremiah  MacDonald,  is  a  descendant 
of  the  Marquis  de  Boquet,  born  in  France,  in 
1542.  He  was  apposed  to  the  Duke  of  Guise, 
who  ruled  the  kingdom  under  King  Francis  II. . 
and  to  whom  the  Protestants  attributed  all 
their  calamities.  The  Duke  owed  his  ascend- 
ency in  the  kingdom  through  the  marriage  of 
his  niece  Mary,  Queen  of  Scots,  with  the  young 
King,  Francis  II.,  who  was  only  fifteen  years 
of  age  when  married,  and  died  one  year  after 
ascending  the  throne.  The  Huguenots  were 
oath-bound  Protestants,  who  were  much  ilread- 
ed  by  the  Duke  of  Guise  on  account  of  their 
views  on  personal  freedom.  When  Francis  H. 
died,  the  Queen  Mother,  Catherine  de  Medici, 
gave  tolerance  to  free  worship  throughout 
France.  The  Duke  rashly  infringed  this  ordi- 
nance by  disturbing"  a  Huguenot  C(.ingregation, 
which  had  assembled  for  worship.  The  Duke's 
suite  attacked  the  place,  stones  were  thrown 
and  swords  drawn.  The  Duke  was  wounded 
and  forty-nine  of  the  Huguenots  slain.  This 
was  in  1562.  at  Rouen,  and  then  followed  the 
frightful  religious  war,  that  arrayed  family 
against  family,  noble  against  noble,  town 
against  town,  until  1572,  when  Catherine  open- 
ed her  court  to  the  Huguenots.  On  August 
23,  1572,  the  King,  Charles  IX.,  gave  orders. 
'"Kill  all,  let  none  be  left  to  reproach  me."  At 
midnight,  on  the  eve  of  St.  Bartholomew's 
Day,  August  24,  1572,  while  the  palace  was  fill- 
ed with  Huguenot  gentlemen,  who  were  attend- 
ant on  the  King  of  Navarre,  the  great  Ijell  of 
St.  Germain  rang  out  as  a  signal  and  the 
slaughter  began  in  the  palace.  Tlie  King,  mad- 
dened by  horror,  killed  his  nurse  and  surgeon 
and  would  have  killed  the  Spanish  King  of 
Navarre,  if  his  (Charles  IX.)  wife,  Elizabeth 
of  Austria,  had  not  stepped  between  them. 
The  Marc|uis  of  Boquet  escaped  from  the 
palace,  fled  from  I'aris.  readied  the  coast  in 
safety  and  continued  his  flight  to  England. 
There  he  married  an  Englisli  lady  of  title,  who, 
in  1584,  bore  him  a  daughter,  who,  in  1616, 
married  Sir  William  Arnold,  a  nejihew  of  Sir 
Walter  Raleigh.  In  1619  Sir  William  .Arnold 
sailed   fcjr  .\merica,  on  -i  vessel  that  sailed  a 

few  weeks  after  the  "Mayflower"  ;  was  wreck- 
ed on  the  Connecticut  coast,  and  was  rescued 
from  the  waves  by  a  man  named  Abijah 
Brown.  Sir  William  in  his  gratitude  declared 
that  if  ever  he  had  a  child  born  it  should  be 
called  Abijah.  In  1624  a  daughter  was  born 
whom  he  called  Abijah;  she  was  later  of  Am- 
sterdam, Flolland,  where,  in  1659,  she  married 
Jacob  Van  Zanett.  In  1661  they  had  a  daugh- 
ter bcTrn  to  whom  was  also  given  the  name 
Abijah.  In  1686  she  married  Jacob  Arden. 
In  1702  their  ilaughter,  Boquet  Arden,  was 
born,  who.  in  1735,  married  Jacob  Beekman. 
Their  daughter  Rebecca,  born  1742,  married 
Henry  Wilt.  Their  daughter,  Rebecca  Wilt, 
was  born  March  22,  1784,  married  Henry  How- 
land, a  descendant  of  the  English  family 
through  the  New  York  City  branch.  Their 
daughter,  Rebecca  Ann,  married  Jeremiah 
MacDonald,  and  they  are  the  parents  of  Dr. 
Jeremiah  MacDonald,  of  P.inghamton,  New 

The   Sessions    family   had   its 

SESSIONS  origin  in  Wantage,  I5erkshire, 
England.  There  is  at  present 
but  one  family  of  the  name  to  be  found  in 
England,  in  the  county  of  (iloucester.  The 
head  of  this  family  is,  or  was  lately.  Hon.  J. 
Sessions,  who  was  mayor  of  the  town  of 
Gloucester,  at  the  age  of  eighty  years.  His 
three  sons  were  associated  with  him  in  a  large 
manufacturing  business  in  both  Gloucester  and 
Cardiff  (Whales),  under  the  firm  name  of  J. 
Sessions  &  Sons.  There  is  also  a  daughter 
who  is  actively  engaged  in  benevolent  and  re- 
formatory work.  The  mother  established  and 
built  a  "Home  for  the  Fallen,"  which  is  man- 
aged by  members  of  the  family.  The  entire 
family  belongs  to  the  "Society  of  Friends," 
and  Frederick  Sessions,  besides  being  at  the 
head  of  a  large  business,  gives  his  entire  time, 
without  salary,  to  reformatory  work,  lecturing 
and  organizing  Sunday  schools,  temperance 
and  other  beneficient  societies. 

The  crest  of  the  English  Sessions  family  is 
a  griffin's  head.  This  mythological  creature 
was  sacred  to  the  sun,  and  according  to  tradi- 
tion, kept  guard  over  hidden  treasure. 

(  1  )  Samuel  Sessions,  immigrant  ancestor, 
came  to  this  country  in  1630.  He  had  a  son 
.Alexander,  mentioned  below. 

(II)  Alexander,  son  of  Samuel  Sessions, 
was  born  in  1(^^45.  and  lived  in  Andover,  Massa- 
chusetts, in    \(>(n).  at   the  age  of  twenty-four 



years,  according"  to  a  deposition  niaile  by  him, 
January  27,  1669.  He  married,  April  24,  1672, 
Elizabeth,  daughter  of  John  Spofford.  of  Row- 
ley, Massachusetts.  After  his  death,  his  wife 
married  a  Mr.  Low.  Both  Ale.xaniler  Sessions 
and  his  wife  were  members  of  the  church  in 
Andover,  and  continued  so  until  their  death. 
He  was  freeman  there,  in  1677,  and  was  also 
one  of  the  proprietors  of  the  town,  as  appears 
by  a  vote.  He  died  there,  February  26,  1689- 
90.  His  will  was  admitted  to  probate,  March 
8,  1696-97,  and  inventoried  at  one  hundred  and 
nineteen  pounds.  His  widow  was  named  as 
administratri:5.  Mis  name  was  originally  spell- 
ed "Sessins,"  or  "Sutchins."  Children;  John, 
born  October  4,  1674  ;  .\lexander,  October  4, 
1676;  Timothy,  .April  14,  1678;  Samuel,  Alarch 
8,  1680,  drowned  at  Bosford,  1750;  Nathaniel, 
August  8.  i'68i,  mentioned  below;  Josiah,  May 
2,  1(184;  Joseph,  March  28,  1686. 

(  HI)  Nathaniel,  son  of  Alexander  Sessions, 
was  born  .August  8,  1681,  and  was  one  of  the 
first  settlers  of  I'omfret,  Connecticut.  He  was 
also  a  large  pro])rietor  of  Union,  Connecticut, 
and  bought  there,  June  12,  1721,  of  William 
-McCoy,  one-thirteenth  of  the  town,  but  never 
lived  there.     He  sold  it  to  his  son  Darius,  in 

January,    1742.     He  married  Joanna  , 

and  died  at  Punifret,  in  1771.  Children:  Eliz- 
abeth, born  December  15,  1707;  Nathaniel, 
(Jctolier  22.  1709;  John,  August  18,  i/i  I  ; 
.Mexander,  October  4,  1713,3!  Warren,  Massa- 
chusetts ;  .\masa.1715  ;  Darius,  August  11,  17 17, 
graduated  from  Yale  College,  1737,  lieutenant- 
governor  of  colony  of  Rhode  Island,  1745; 
Simeon,  February  11,  1720;  Abner,  March  4, 
1722,  mentioned  below  ;  Mary,  August  4,  1724; 
-\bijah,  February  I,  1726,  mentioned  below; 
Joanna,  January  19,  1729. 

(IV)  Abner,  son  of  Nathaniel  Sessions,  wai 
born  March  4.  1722.  He  settled  in  Union, 
Connecticut.  He  was  town  clerk  from  1747 
until  1780;  was  captain  of  the  militia  antl 
justice  of  the  peace  .some  thirty  years;  was 
active  in  the  struggle  for  independence  and  was 
for  many  years  deacon  of  the  Congregational 
cluirch.  He  died  February,  1781.  He  mar- 
ried Mary  Wyman,  widow  of  Ebenezer  \\'y- 
luan.  first  Congregational  minister  of  Union. 
Children:  Ebenezer,  mentioned  below;  Silence, 
born   1749;  Mary,   1751. 

(V)  Ebenezer,  son  of  Abner  Sessions,  was 
born  at  Union,  March  6,  1748.  He  married. 
May  13,  1769,  Huldah  Hayward,  of  Ashford, 
Connecticut.      Children :   Anna,   married   Cap- 

tain Robert  Paul,  and  their  daughter  Marcia 
married  Lyman  Sessions  (see  Sessions  \  I )  ; 
Abner ;  Ebenezer. 

(IV)  Abijali.  son  of  Nathaniel  Sessions, 
was  born  February  i,  1726,  in  I'omfret.  He 
was  a  farmer  by  occupation,  and,  about  1752, 
removed  to  Union,  Tolland  county,  Connecti- 
cut. He  had  a  gift  deed  of  two  hundred  and 
ninety  acres  of  lanrl  there,  March  4,  1750, 
from  his  father.  He  married,  about  1752,  jo- 
anna,  daughter  of  Isaac  Dana,  of  I'omfret, 
who  died  March  20,  1797.  He  is  said  to  have 
been  a  large,  strongly-built  man,  and  died  April 
12,  1753,  in  consequence  of  over-exertion  and 
fatigue,  caused  by  participation  in  a  wolf  hunt. 
His  widow  never  married  and  was  rendered 
partly  insane  by  grief  over  his  deatli.  Child, 
Abijah,  mentioned  below. 

(V)  Abijah  (2),  sou  of  Abijah  (i)  Ses- 
sions, was  born  June  2,  1751.  He  passed  his 
early  life  in  Ptnnfret,  but  went  back  to  Union 
when  twenty-one  years  of  age.  He  was  a 
soldier  in  the  revolution  ;  served  first  as  a  per- 
sonal attendant  of  General  Israel  Putnam  and 
afterwards  as  ensign.  He  served  through  three 
campaigns;  was  at  Cambridge  and  at  the  battle 
of  AVhite  Plains,  where  he  was  slightly  wound- 
ed. After  the  war  he  settled  in  Union,  and 
was  known  as  Colonel  Sessions,  from  holding 
that  office  in  the  state  militia  for  a  long  time. 
He  was  a  selectman  for  many  years,  justice 
of  the  peace  thirty  years,  and  fdso  in  the  state 
legislatiu'e  for  many  years.  He  died  July  6, 
1834.  He  married  Hannah  May,  of  Holland, 
Massachusetts,  February  8,  1778.  She  was 
born  February  17,  1754,  died  .\pril  14,  1845, 
daughter  of  Nehemiah  May,  of  Holland.  Chil- 
dren;  William  Pitt,  born  F'ebruary  6,  1779; 
Sarah  W.,  September  5,  1780;  Louisa,  March 
10.  1782: Joanna,  February  11,  1784;  Hannah, 
December  11,  1789;  Abijah,  April  12,  1791  ; 
Lyman,  .April  7,  1793,  mentioned  below  ;  Olive, 

November    11,    1794:    Alary,    married   

Dana,  same  family  as  Richard  H.  and  Charles 
.A.  Dana;  the}'  had  two  children,  Jare<l  and 

( \'I )  Lyman,  son  of  .Abijah  (2)  .Sessions, 
was  born  April  7,  1793.  He  was  justice  of 
the  peace,  selectman  and  member  of  the  legis- 
lature. He  was  a  farmer,  merchant  and  manu- 
facturer by  occupation.  He  luarried,  January 
16.  1823,  Marcia,  daughter  of  Captain  Robert 
and  Anna  (Sessions)  Paul.  Children:  i.  Jo- 
anna Dana,  born  December  i,  1826,  died  June 
TO,  1875.     2.  Alarcia  Paul,  May  13.  1831.  died 



1890:  married  Closson  M.  Stone;  cliildren : 
Fred  ;  Helen,  deceased  :  Grace  ;  May,  antl  Fran- 
ces M.     3.  Gilman  Lyman,  mentioned  below. 

(VII)  Gilman  Lyman,  son  of  Lyman  Ses- 
sions, was  born  at  Woodstock,  Connecticut. 
February  14,  1833,  died  July  8,  1900.  His  early 
life  was  spent  upon  the  farm  of  his  father  at 
Woodstock,  in  the  town  of  LTnion,  Connecti- 
cut, and  his  early  education  was  in  the  district 
schools.  His  studies  preparatory  for  college 
were  at  Monson  Academy  and  Williston  Semi- 
nary, Massachusetts.  He  entered  Dartmouth 
College  in  the  year  1849.  and  was  graduated 
in  1853.  After  leaving  college  he  taught  school 
for  several  terms  in  N'ew  England,  and  was 
for  a  short  time  an  instructor  in  Latin  and 
Greek  at  a  boys'  school  in  Washington,  D.  C. 
In  the  year  1855  he  located  at  Binghamton, 
Broome  county.  New  York,  and  engaged  in 
the  study  of  law  in  the  office  of  Hon.  Daniel 
F.  Dickinson,  and  was  admitted  to  practice  as 
an  attorney  and  counselor  in  the  state  of  New 
York,  at  a  general  term  of  the  supreme  court, 
held  at  the  village  of  Delhi,  Delaware  county, 
in  July,  1856,  and  soon  thereafter  he  com- 
menced the  practice  of  his  profession  at  Bing- 
hamton. He  was  a  law  partner  of  (jeorge 
Bartlett,  who  died  in  1870,  and  after  that  date 
became  a  partner  of  Daniel  S.  Richards,  which 
partnership  continued  for  a  period  of  about 
seven  years. 

During  a  period  of  several  years,  commenc- 
ing about  1862,  Mr.  Sessions"  health  became 
im])aired  and  he  spent  several  years  in  change 
and  travel,  visiting  the  principal  cities  and 
health  resorts  of  Europe,  and,  in  about  the 
year  1869,  he  returned  to  Binghamton,  re- 
sumed his  practice  and  was  busily  engaged  as 
a  practicing  attorney  for  a  period  of  more 
than  twenty-five  years  from  that  time.  He 
attained  honor  and  distinction  in  his  profession 
and  gave  much  attention  to  literary  matters, 
writing  many  papers  on  public  and  historical 
questions  and  doing  considerable  in  poetry  and 
verse.  His  private  library  of  general  works 
was  one  of  the  most  complete  in  the  city  of 

In  politics  he  maintained  his  independence, 
although  usually  voting  with  the  Republican 
party.  He  never  sought  public  office,  yet  was 
keenly  interested  in  public  afifairs.  During 
the  latter  years  of  his  practice,  partly  on  ac- 
count of  lack  of  perfect  health  and  partly  on 
count  of  ])referment,  he  gave  u|)  the  practice 
of  active  litigation  for  the  more  pleasant  branch 

of  a  lawyer's  business,  such  as  examination  of 
titles,  general  consultation,  probate  court  busi-' 
ness  and  the  management  of  large  trusts  and 
estates.  For  a  period  of  many  years  he  was 
a  trustee  and  vice-president  of  the  Bingham- 
ton Savings  Bank  and  its  general  counsel ;  also 
a  director  and  officer  of  the  Suscjuehanna  \'al- 
ley  i^>ank,  which  offices  he  held  up  to  the  time 
of  his  death. 

On  November  22,  1866,  he  married  Eliza 
Hartlett,  born  July  20,  1835,  died  October  16, 
1904,  daughter  of  Robert  S.  and  Dorcas  M. 
Bartlett.  Dorcas  M.  Bartlett  was  born  April 
14,  1812,  daughter  of  Colonel  Loring  Bart- 
lett and  granddaughter  of  Sylvanus  Bartlett. 
The  children  of  Robert  S.  and  Dorcas  M. 
ISartlett  were  Eliza,  mentioned  above;  John 
Stephens  Bartlett,  born  December  15,  1838; 
James  Henry  Bartlett,  born  February  15,  1841  ; 
George  Loring  Bartlett,  born  November  15, 
1852;  Georgianna  I'artlett,  twin  sister  of 
George  Loring,  married  Oliver  W.  Sears. 

(  \'III  )  George  Dana,  son  of  Gilman  Lyman 
Sessions,  was  born  in  Binghamton,  New  York, 
May  6,  1877.  He  attended  the  public  schools 
there  and  graduated  from  the  Binghamton  high 
school  in  1895.  He  entered  Hamilton  College 
in  the  fall  of  that  year,  and  was  graduated  in 
the  class  of  1899.  After  completing  his  college 
course  he  studied  law  in  his  father's  office  and 
in  the  law  office  of  Theodore  R.  Tuthill,  at 
liinghamton,  and  also  in  the  New  York  Law 
School.  He  was  admitttd  to  the  bar,  Novem- 
ber 20,  1901,  and  immediately  thereafter  began 
the  practice  of  his  profession  in  Binghamton. 
In  politics  he  is  a  Republican.  He  is  a  mem- 
ber of  several  clubs,  ^n  officer  of  the  Bingham- 
ton Country  Club,  and  of  Otseningo  Lodge, 
Free  and   .Accepted   Masons,  at   Binghamton. 

He  married,  June  2~.  1903,  Margaret  Emma, 
daughter  of  Mrs.  Margaret  Clark,  of  Tomp- 
kinsville,  Staten  Island,  New  York.  They  have 
two  children,  (iilman  Lyman  Sessions  and 
Margaret  Clark  Sessions,  both  born  on  July  6, 
1904.  Mr.  Sessions  still  resides  in  the  home 
built  by  his  father,  in  1876,  on  Court  street,  in 
Binghamton,  and  his  children  were  born  in  the 
same  house  in  which  he  was. 

Among  the  representative  fam- 
Cl'RTISS     dies    of    Central    New    York, 
whose  members,  by  dint  of  per- 
severance  and   energy   have   risen   to  a  com- 
manding place  in  the  professional  world,  should 
be  mentioned  the  Curtiss  family,  represented 

.\I':\V  YORK. 


by  the  eminent  United  States  district  attorney, 
and  compiler  of  the  great  work.  "Protection 
and  Prosperity."  George  B.  Curtiss.  of  Bing- 
hamton.  New  York,  who  was  born  at  Alt. 
Morris.  Livingston  county,  Xew  "S'ork.  Sep- 
tember 1 6,  1852. 

He  traces  his  hne  through  George  to  Rozell 
Curtiss.  who  was  the  son  of  Samuel  Curtiss, 
an  English  sea  captain,  and  the  founder  of  the 
family  in  this  country.  The  early  history  of 
the  different  branches  of  this  family  is  too 
well  known  to  need  repetition  here ;  suffice  to 
say  that  among  them  was  William  Curtiss. 
who  came  to  Xew  England  in  the  ship  "Eion." 
in  1632,  and  settled  in  Boston,  later  in  Rox- 
bury,  Massachusetts;  Richard,  William  and 
John,  who  settled  in  Scituate,  Massachusetts, 
in  1643.  and  a  number  of  others  who  were 
among  the  pioneer  families  of  the  New  World. 

(I)  Rozell  Curtiss,  mentioned  above  as  the 
son  of  Samuel,  was  born  about  1785,  in  Royal- 
ton.  \'ermont.  He  later  removed  to  Livings- 
ton county,  New^  York,  to  the  town  of  Mt. 
Morris,  and  took  a  prominent  part  in  the  af- 
fairs of  that  section.  He  was  a  farmer,  and. 
as  were  many  of  the  early  pioneers  who  clear- 
ed the  new  country,  also  engaged  to  quite  an 
extent  in  lumbering.  A  man  of  a  considerable 
intelligence,  with  a  knowledge  of  surveying, 
which  profession  he  followed  to  a  certain  ex- 
tent, he  also  took  a  j)rominent  part  in  the  mili- 
tary affairs  of  the  state,  rising  through  the 
various  ranks  to  that  of  brigadier-general, 
which  office  lie  held  for  some  years.  He  spent 
his  life,  after  coming  to  New  ^'nrk  state,  in 
Mt.  Morris,  where  he  died  and  is  buried. 

He  married  Rachel  French,  born  in  Xew 
Hampshire,  in  1802,  died  at  Marengo,  Illinois, 
in  1892.  When  a  child  of  twelve  years  she 
travelled  from  Xew  Hampshire  to  Livingston 
county.  New  York,  with  her  brother,  making 
the  journey  on  horseback  in  the  middle  of  win- 
ter. Children:  i.  George,  of  further  mention.  2. 
John,  married  Sophrona  Marsh ;  children : 
Olive,  Frank,  John,  May,  Samuel  and  Irene. 
3.  Frank  S.,  attended  Antioch  College,  'S'ellow 
Springs,  Ohio,  and  Oberlin  College,  graduating 
at  the  latter.  He  settled  in  Chicago,  where 
he  was  admitted  to  the  bar  in  1860-61.  He 
enlisted  in  the  Union  army,  as  first  lieutenant 
of  the  Fifteenth  Illinois  Volunteer  Regiment, 
and,  after  serving  about  a  year,  resigned  and 
reenlisted  in  the  One  Hundred  and  Twenty- 
seventh  Regiment,  Illinois  \'olunteers,  of  which 

he  became  major  and  later  colonel,  and  was 
in  command  when  the  war  closed.  After  the 
war  he  settled  in  St,  Louis,  Missouri,  where 
he  was  attorney  for  the  Missouri  Pacific  Rail- 
road until  his  death,  in  i8i)8.  He  married 
Mattie  Pope,  of  C^hio.  diildren  :  Leroy  and 
Lillian.  4.  Ira  R.,  attended  college  at  Antioch, 
C)hio.  and  Union  (  New  York  )  College,  grad- 
uating from  the  latter  in  1859  or  i860.  He 
located  at  Marengo,  Illinois,  where  he  became 
a  well-known  lawyer  and  banker,  and  still  re- 
sides. He  married  Josephine  Dayton,  no  issue. 
(Ill)  George,  son  of  Rozell  and  Rachel 
(French)  Curtiss,  was  born  about  1819;  died 
at  \'icksburg,  Mississippi,  July  2,  1863.  He 
followed  agricultural  pursuits,  removing  to 
Illinois  in  1836,  settling  in  McHenry  county, 
near  Marengo,  where  he  remained  until  1861, 
when  he  enlisted  in  the  L'nion  army,  serving 
in  the  One  Hundred  and  Twenty-seventh  Regi- 
ment, Illinois  \'olunteer  Infantry.  This  regi- 
ment formed  a  part  of  the  army  under  Gen- 
eral ( irant,  at  X'icksburg.  He  died  shortly  be- 
fore the  surrender  of  General  Pemberton.  and 
was  buried  at  the  foot  of  a  great  cottonwood 
tree,  standing  near  the  river  bank.  In  1867 
Cokine!  Frank  S,  Curtiss  visited  the  spot  to 
remove  the  remains  to  a  northern  burying- 
gripund,  but  found  the  river  had  encroached 
and  carried  away  the  tree  and  immediate  vicin- 
it\'.  ("icorge  Curtiss  married  1  luldah  Hart 
Bougliton,  daughter  of  Harry  and  Elizabeth 
(Gordon)  Boughton  (according  to  Boughton 
genealogy)  (data  says  Huldah  Hart  Boughton, 
daughter  of  Henry  and  Elizabeth  (Hart) 
Boughton).  Huldah  Boughton  was  the  daugh- 
ter of  Harry,  son  of  Hezekiah  (2),  son  of 
Hezekiah  (  i).  son" of  Eleazer.  son  of  John  (2) 
and  Sarah  (Greggorie)  P>oughton.  John  (2) 
was  the  third  child  of  John  Boughton  (i),  son 
(as  is  supposed)  of  Count  Nicholas  Boughton. 
John  (i)  was  a  Huguenot,  who  fled  from 
France  to  England,  thence  to  America,  landing 
at  Boston,  ATassachusetts,  in  December,  1635, 
from  the  barque  "Assurance."  He  married 
(first)  Joan  Turney,  lived  in  Boston  and 
Watertown,  Massachusetts ;  was  an  early  set- 
tler at  flartford  and  Norwalk,  Connecticut: 
representative  to  the  general  court  of  Connecti- 
cut, and  served  in  many  responsible  capacities 
at  Xorwalk.  where  his  wife  died.  He  married 
(second),  January  i,  1656,  Abigail  Alarvin : 
married  (third),  1673,  Mrs.  Mary  Stevenson. 
John  Boughton  (2)  was  a  son  of  second  wife. 



Huldah  (Boughton)  Curtiss  died  on  the  farm, 
at  Marengo,  Illinois,  in  1873,  having  survived 
her  husband  ten  years. 

ChiUlren  :  i.  \\'illiam  Henry,  born  1849,  died 
at  ^larengo,  Illinois,  December,  1905  ;  he  was 
a  veterinary  surgeon.  2.  George  Boughton,  of 
further  mention.  3.  Rozell  Morgan,  born  1856, 
studied  medicine,  and  is  a  practicing  physician 
of  Marengo,  Illinois;  married  (first)  Sarah 
Sears:  died  without  issue:  (second)  Adela 
Stull :  child,  Hulda  Elizabeth,  4.  Ira  Oliver, 
educated  at  Oberlin  (Ohio)  College;  prepared 
for  the  practice  of  law,  was  admitted  to  the 
bar,  and  located  at  Aberdeen,  South  Dakota ; 
was  elected  state  senator  in  1908,  reelected  in 
1910;  married,  no  issue. 

(R')  George  Boughton,  son  of  George  and 
Huldah  (Boughton)  Curtiss,  was  born  at  Mt. 
Morris,  Livingston  county.  New  York,  Se])- 
tember  16,  1852.  His  early  life  was  spent  on 
the  farm,  near  Marengo,  where  his  parents 
removed  when  he  was  four  years  old.  He  was 
educated  in  the  public  schools  and  at  Marengo 
Academy.  In  the  spring  of  1875  he  entered 
the  Northwestern  Business  College,  Madison, 
Wisconsin,  being  graduated  in  the  following 
September.  During  the  following  v^inter  he 
taught  a  private  school  and  a  class  in  penman- 
ship. In  April,  1876,  he  came  to  Binghamton, 
Xew  Y'ork,  where  for  four  years  he  was  in- 
structor in  penmanship  and  bookkeeping,  at 
Lowell's  Business  College.  He  had,  as  a  young 
man,  been  ambitious  to  become  a  lawyer,  and 
bent  all  his  energy  in  this  direction.  During 
this  period  he  read  law,  and  with  Professor 
Magoris,  of  the  high  school,  also  took  a  spe- 
cial scientific  course.  He  pursued  legal  studies 
under  Hotchkiss  &  Millard,  of  Binghamton. 
also  with  A.  D.  Wales.  During  the  general 
term  of  the  supreme  court,  held  at  Ithaca,  in 
May,  1880,  he  passed  the  rec|uired  examina- 
tions, and  was  admitted  to  the  bar.  In  1880 
he  opened  a  law  office  in  Binghamton.  In  a 
very  short  time  he  began  to  attract  attention 
for  his  marked  ability.  .Mthough  a  [perfect 
stranger  in  the  city  of  I'.inghamton,  he  rose 
rapidly  to  a  prominent  position  at  the  bar.  His 
first  case  before  the  su])erior  court  was  the  de- 
fense of  \'ictoria  Scott,  a  colored  girl,  charged 
with  the  crime  of  murder.  The  case  was  ably 
prosecuted  by  David  II.  Carver,  the  then  dis- 
trict attorney  of  Broome  county,  assisted  by 
.Alexander  Cummings  as  counsel,  yet  so  skill- 
ful was  the  defense  by  Mr.  Curtiss  that,  after 
a  remarkable  trial  lasting  one  week,  his  client 

was  only  convicted  of  manslaughter  in  the 
fourth  degree,  and  sentenced  to  eighteen 
months  in  prison.  This  case  attracted  a  vast 
amount  of  favorable  comment  from  the  press, 
and  in  the  fall  of  that  year,  1883,  Mr.  Curtiss 
was  nominated  for  district  attorney  of  Broome 
county,  and,  as  a  result  of  the  favorable  im- 
pression which  he  had  made  upon  both  the 
press  and  the  public,  was  elected  to  this  office. 
He  served  three  years,  and,  in  1886,  was  again 
elected,  serving  till  1889 — two  terms  of  three 
years  each.  During  this  entire  time  he  never 
drew  a  defective  indictment,  and,  in  addition 
to  all  of  the  other  business  connected  with, 
this  office,  he  conducted  one  hundred  and 
twenty  criminal  prosecutions,  and  although  all 
were  ably  defended  by  the  best  legal  talent,  he 
was  successful  in  nearly  every  case ;  in  fact, 
but  twelve  were  decided  against  him.  In  1886 
he  formed  a  partnership  with  Taylor  L.  Arms, 
the  firm  being  known  as  Arms  &  Curtiss.  This 
continued  till  1889,  when  Mr.  Arms  was  elect- 
ed county  judge  and  surrogate,  and  the  part- 
nership was  dissolved.  From  1892  to  1896 
he  was  associated  with  W.  W.  Kewell  as  part- 
ner. In  1900  he  was  appointed  by  President 
McKinley.  L^nited  States  district  attorney,  ami 
has  been  reappointed  successively  by  Presi- 
dents Roosevelt  and  Taft;  his  present  term 
will  expire  in  1913.  January  i,  1901,  he  again 
formed  a  partnership  with  Judge  Taylor  L. 
Arms  and  Thomas  J.  Keenan,  under  the  firm 
name  of  Curtiss,  Arms  &  Keenan.  The  firm  con- 
tinued a  successful  career  until  1908,  when  it 
was  dissolved  by  the  death  of  Judge  Arms. 
Theodore  Tuthill  was  then  admitted  as  the 
jmiior  partner,  and  as  Curtiss,  Keenan  &  Tut- 
hill. the  firm  still  cont-inues. 

For  more  than  a  quarter  of  a  century  Mr. 
Curtiss  has  appeared  in  the  most  important 
trials  in  Broome  county,  during  which  time  he 
has  been  called  upon  to  cope  with  the  ablest 
lawyers  in  southern  New  York,  and  in  all  cases 
his  adroitness,  legal  acumen,  and  thorough 
knowledge  of  the  law  have  been  readily  recog- 
nized by  his  opponents.  During  all  his  ])ublic 
career,  first  as  prosecutor  for  the  county  and 
later  as  L'nited  States  district  attorney,  he  has 
proved  a  valuable  official,  doing  his  duty  fear- 
lessly. His  actions  have  commanded  the  at- 
tention of  the  leading  jurists  in  the  L'nited 
States  courts,  and  upon  each  appointment  by 
the  President,  he  has  received  many  flattering 
letters  from  the  judges  and  others.  He  stands 
high  in  the  legal   fraternity,  and  holds  the  re- 




spect  of  all.  His  practice  is  very  large,  and  his 
career  is  one  that  he  can  review  with  satisfac- 

But  it  is  not  only  as  a  great  lawyer  that  Mr. 
Curtiss  has  achieved  distinction,  but  in  a  far 
wider  scope  as  a  speaker  and  writer  on  the 
subject  of  the  tariff.  For  thirty  years  he  has 
devoted  all  of  his  leisure  time  to  a  close  study 
of  this  great  subject,  and,  in  1896,  he  published 
his  first  work  upon  this  subject,  under  the  title. 
"Protection  and  Prosperity,"  an  account  of 
the  tariiif  legislation  and  its  effect  in  Europe 
and  .\merica.  Introduction  written  by  Will- 
iam McKinley  and  Thomas  B.  Reed.  Air. 
AIcKinley  says  in  his  introduction: 

The  value  of  such  an  exhaustive  work  to  students 
comes  from  the  fact  that  the  author  shows  in  the 
logical  order  pursued  the  economic  conditions  which 
suggested  and  brought  into  existence  protective  prin- 
ciples and  has  given  the  historical  origin  of  the 
essential  principles.  While  writing  from  the  pro- 
tective standpoint  there  is  no  indication  of  any  hobby 
or  new  scheme  of  political  econoiny.  The  apparent 
endeavor  is  to  show  what  the  experience  of  business 
men  and  the  practices  of  nations  have  proven  to  be 
wise,  just  and  beneficient ;  that  the  principles  of  pro- 
tection had  their  origin  with  the  institution  of  society 
and  governments,  and  are  a  necessary  part  of  that 
policy  under  wliich  civilization  has  advanced. 

Speaker  Reed  says  in  his  intr(.)duction : 

The  book  which  Mr.  Curtiss  has  written  is  unlike 
any  other  which  has  been  presented  on  the  subject 
in  its  method  of  treatment,  and  in  the  width  of 
range.  *  *  *  The  calin  and  careful  history  in  this 
book  of  the  protection  system  in  England  which  pre- 
ceded the  Cobden  movement,  and  the  history  of  the 
Cobden  movement  itself  will  go  far  to  rectify  the 
false  ideas  which  have  been  so  long  prevalent,  an<l 
if  it  contained  nothing  else  will  be  worth  all  the  book 
will  cost  and  all  the  trouble  of  understanding  the 
story  therein  narrated.  *  *  *  This  book  is  also  the 
story  of  how  the  nations  discovered  that  the  best 
way  to  be  protected  and  prosperous  was  not  to  leave 
things  alone  but  to  use  their  brains  and  make  things 
better.  *  *  *  This  book  gives  the  history  of  experi- 
ments tried  all  over  the  world  of  the  two  systems 
and  the  results  which  have  followed.  It  teaches 
what  the  facts  teach  and  nothing  more.  It  does  not 
teach  that  this  law  or  that  law,  this  rate  or  that  rate, 
is  essential  to  national  success ;  for  rates  change  with 
circumstances  and  laws  with  conditions  ;  but  it  teaches 
that  protection  whether  it  be  at  one  rate  or  another, 
whether  it  be  by  one  law  or  another,  so  long  as  it  is 
protection  it  is  the  sole  essential. 

It  contains  eight  hundred  and  sixty-four 
pages  and  embraces  a  history  of  the  tariff 
question  of  all  nations  from  the  earliest  time 
to  1895.  On  account  of  the  importance  of  the 
silver   c|uestion    which    was   injected   into   the 

campaign  of  1896,  entirely  supplanting  the 
tarilT  question  as  a  political  issue,  only  ab(jut 
fifteen  hundred  copies  of  "Protection  and  Pros- 
])erity"  were  sold,  about  four  hundred  of  which 
were  suld  in  England.  L'pon  Lord  Masham's 
(who  was  president  of  the  Fair  Trade  League 
of  I'jigland  )  attention  being  called  to  the  work, 
he  voluntarily  sent  a  circular  to  all  of  the  lords 
and  members  of  parliamenf,  in  which  he  said 
that  "Tt  was  by  far  the  most  important  and 
comprehensive  work  ever  published."  Pro- 
fessor Gunton,  reviewing  the  work  in  Gunton's 
Magaciiic  of  .liiirrican  Hcouoiiucs  and  Political 
Science,  sail] : 

The  work  itself  has  elements  of  breadth,  perma- 
nence and  endurance  reaching  not  only  far  beyond 
any  presidential  campaign  and  beyond  the  limits  of 
any  single  country,  but  beyond  also  the  popularity 
or  permanence  of  any  particular  form  of  govern- 
mental institutions  or  type  of  national  civilization. 
For  neither  in  Europe  nor  America  has  there  ever 
lieen  furnished  in  a  single  purely  historical  work  the 
tnaterials  for  so  exhaustive  a  study  or  for  so  suc- 
cessful a  mastering  of  the  Tariff  Question  in  all  its 

The  part  of  the  work  devoted  to  the  British  tariff 
policy  far  exceeds  in  e.xhaustivencss  and  value  the 
writings  of  any  Englishman  and  even  of  Sir  .\rchi- 
bald  .Mison,  an  achievement  to  which  we  had  not 
thought  any  American  would  be  equal. 

Of  Mr.  Curtiss  we  may  say  he  has  found  enough 
to  compel  every  statesman,  publicist,  economist  and 
historian  who  desires  to  say  anything  bearing  on  the 
tariff  cjueslion,  to  carefully  study  the  question  over 
again.  It  will  not  do  not  to  know  the  new  matter 
here  brought  to  light. 

The  above  are  selected  from  scores  of  a 
similar  nature  written  by  the  most  learned  men 
not  only  of  the  L'nited  States  but  of  England 
as  well,  each  and  all  of  whom  admit  that  it  is 
by  far  the  most  exhaustive  work  ever  publish- 
ed upiin  this  or  any  kindred  subject,  and  is  the 
oidy  complete  consecutive  history  of  the  tariff 
from  a  protective  standpoint  ever  written  up 
to  the  date  of  its  publication. 

On  account  of  urgency  of  friemls  who  de- 
sired that  the  work  appear  in  the  campaign  oi 
1896,  which  at  that  time  it  was  thought  would 
be  fought  on  the  tariff  (|uestion,  the  work  was 
published  before  Mr.  Curtiss'  plan  had  been 
entirely  worked  out,  and  the  history  of  tlie 
United'  .States  prior  to  i860  was  greatly  abbre- 
viated. Since  that  time  Mr.  Curtiss  has  been 
carrying  out  his  original  decision,  and  will 
soon  bring  out  a  new  edition  contained  in  two 
volumes,  the  first  to  be  devoted  entirely  to  the 
tariff'  question  in  foreign  countries,  the  second 
volume  to  the  United  States.   The  latter  volume 



will  contain  a  carefully  written  account  of  the 
industrial  life  and  development  of  the  Amer- 
ican colonists  from  the  earliest  time  to  the 
adoption  of  the  Federal  Constitution,  and  the 
most  complete  and  exhaustive  history  of  the 
tariff  legislation  from  1789  to  i860  that  has 
been  written.  The  data  pertaining  to  the  his- 
tory of  all  nations  will  also  be  brought  down 
to  the  present  time. 

Mr.  Curtiss  has  always  been  an  ardent  su])- 
porter  of  the  Republican  party,  and  while 
political  preferment  has  ever  been  within  his 
reach,  he  has  declined  all  such  except  his  pro- 
fessional appointments.  He  has  spent  much 
time  in  the  selection  of  a  library  of  the  choicest 
literature,  comprising  works  upon  a  large  num- 
ber of  subjects,  among  which  are  over  one 
thousand  volumes  and  four  hundred  pamphlets 
upon  the  tariff  question,  this  exceeding  any 
private  collection  in  the  L'nited  States,  in  fact, 
any  public  collection,  except  that  of  the  Con- 
gressional Library,  at  Washington. 

Mr.  Curtiss  married,  May  7,  1888,  Mary  D., 
daughter  of  Calvin  and  Elizabeth  Bliss,  of 
Lisle.  Broome  county.  New  York.  Of  this 
marriage  two  children  have  been  born :  Eliza- 
beth Hulda.  .August  i,  1890;  Isabella  Bliss, 
June  22,  1894. 

Sergeant  George  Darrow,  the 
DARROW  first  of  the  family  in  this  coun- 
try, settled  at  New  London, 
Connecticut,  about  1675,  and  died  there,  in 
1704.  He  married,  about  1678,  Mary,  widow 
■of  George  Sharsvvood,  and  she  died  in  1698. 
He  married  (second),  August  10,  1702,  Eliza- 
beth Marshall,  of  Hartford.  The  children 
were :  Christopher,  baptized  at  New  London, 
December  i,  1678;  George,  October  17,  1680; 
Nicholas,  May  20,  1683;  Jane,  April  17,  1692. 

( I )  Richard  Darrow,  probably  nephew  of 
George  Darrow,  was  born  in  May,  1682,  antl 
was,  according  to  family  tradition,  of  Welsh 
descent.  He  resided  first  in  New  London,  and 
later  located  at  East  Haven,  Connecticut,  on 
an  island  that  separates  the  town  from  Bran- 
ford  and  is  still  called  Darrow's  Island.  After- 
ward he  removed  to  the  center  of  the  town, 
where  he  died  March  19,  1775,  aged  ninety- 
two  yearsA  ten  months.  He  married  Sarah 
She]5ard.  Children,  born  at  East  Haven:  Rich- 
ard, May,  171 1  :  John,  June,  1713  ;  John,  Octo- 
ber 24,  1716;  Ebenezer,  mentioned  below. 

(II)  Ebenezer,  son  of  Richard  Darrow,  the 
only  child  to  grow  to  maturity,   was  born   in 

1719,  at  East  Haven.  He  married  Lydia  .Aus- 
tin. In  1760  they  moved  to  Plymouth,  Con- 
necticut. He  was  a  shoemaker  by  trade  and 
also  a  farmer.  Children,  born  at  East  Haven : 
Ebenezer,    March,    1743:    Abigail,    July    29, 

1745,  married  (first)  Johnson,  of  West 

Haven,  and  (second)  Bishop;  Jemima, 

February  or  July  9,  1748.  married  Benjamin 
Barnes  ;  Asa,  mentioned  below  ;  Titus,  July  or 
.Se|)tember  15,  1753,  soldier  in  the  revolution, 
married,  in  1778,  .Anna  Hill:  Eunice,  married 
John  Warren:  Lydia,  born  1759. 

(Ill)  Asa,  son  of  Ebenezer  Darrow,  was 
born  at  East  Haven,  May  22,  1750.  He  learn- 
ed his  father's  trade  as  shoemaker,  and  follow- 
ed it.  He  died  in  Plymouth,  Connecticut,  No- 
vember 16,  1821.  He  married  Lyrlia  Bartholo- 
mew. Children,  born  at  Plymouth :  Martha, 
July  15,  1775,  married  David  Roice :  Lydia, 
December  13,  1778,  married  J.  Morton;  Lucy, 
March  12,  1781,  married  Ebenezer  French; 
Asa,  mentioned  below;  Andrew  S.,  March  3, 
1785.  married  (first)  Nancy  Adkins,  who  died 
May  16,  1815,  and  (second)  Phoebe  Woodin ; 
Rosella,  Alarch  19,  1787,  married  John  Brad- 
ley; Freelove,  September  17,  1789;  Jania,  May 
12,  1792. 

(I\')  Asa  (2),  son  of  Asa  (i)  Darrow. 
was  born  January  11,  1783.  He  was  a  farmer 
and  shoemaker.  He  married  Clarissa  Birch- 
ard  and  settled  at  Farmington,  Connecticut. 
Children :  John ;  .Asa  B.,  mentioned  below ; 
Clarissa,  Maria,  George  and  Charles. 

(\')  Asa  B.,  son  of  Asa  (2)  Darrow,  mar- 
ried Sarah  Garner.  Among  their  children  was 
Ralph  Samuel,  mentioned  below. 

(\T)  Ralph  Samuel,  son  of  Asa  B.  Dar- 
row, was  born  September  18,  1840,  in  Con- 
necticut, died  at  Binghamton,  New  York,  De- 
cember 13,  1889.  He  came  to  Binghamton 
with  his  parents  when  he  was  six  years  old, 
and  was  educated  there  in  the  public  schools, 
academy  and  business  college.  He  was  em- 
ployed for  a  time  as  clerk  by  the  firm  of  Pres- 
ton &  Sears,  and  afterwards  in  the  bank  of 
Judge  Phelps.  In  ])artnership  with  David 
Hogg,  he  engaged  in  the  hay,  grain  and  feed 
business  in  Bingliamton.  .After  a  few  years 
the  firm  was  dissolved  and  the  business  was 
continued  by  Mr.  Darrow  as  long  as  he  lived, 
with  abundant  and  substantial  success.  He  was 
a  member  of  the  board  of  education  of  Bing- 
hamton for  several  years.  In  politics  he  was 
a  Republican.  In  religion  he  was  a  prominent 
Methodist   and    for   a    number   of   years   was 

NI-:\V  YORK. 


superintendent  of  the  Sunday  school  and  also 
on  the  official  board  of  the  Methodist  church 
up  to  his  death. 

He  married,  September  30.  18(14,  Louise, 
daughter  of  John  C.  and  lietsey  (  Seaverson ) 
Moore  (see  Moore  II).  They  have  one  child. 
Ray  S.,  born  November  17,  1870. 

(The   Moore   Line). 

(I)  Andrew  Moore  was,  according  to  fam- 
ily tradition,  a  major  in  the  American  army, 
and  was  killed  in  the  revolutionary  war,  lie 
married  Louise  Remington.  Children:  Jdhn 
C. ;  Emeline.  married  Solomon  Orcutt ;  Lima. 
married  Alonzo  Kattell :  Folly,  died  young; 
Harriet,  married  Cornelius  DeW'itt ;  B.  Frank- 
lin, married  Fannie  \'an  Trump ;  George  W., 
married  Anna  \\  ard.  .Andrew  Moore  was  an 
early  settler  in  P)inghamton  and  owned  sev- 
eral farms  within  the  limits  of  the  present 
city,  but  then  the  town  of  I'inghamton. 

(II)  John  C.,  son  of  .\ndrew  Moore,  was 
born  in  Binghamton,  on  his  father's  homestead, 
about  iSof).  died  in  18A4.  He  was  educated 
there  in  the  public  schools  and  for  a  few  years 
taught  school.  He  studied  medicine  but  never 
practiced.  He  was  county  clerk  and  held  other 
offices  of  trust,  and  was  prominent  in  the 
Methodist  church,  of  which  for  many  years 
he  was  superintendent  of  the  Sunday  school. 
He  married  Betsey,  daughter  of  Peter  and 
Maria  Seaverson.  Children,  born  at  Bingham- 
ton :  Louise,  married  Ralph  Samuel  Darrow 
(see  Darrow  \  I )  ;  John  .\..  married  F'hebe 
Rhinevautt,  and  had :  Minnie.  Ida,  Carrie  and 
Charles;  George,  born  1840,  married  Belle 
Towner,  and  had ;  Anna,  Georgia,  Bessie  and 
Ethel ;  Charles,  married  Ida  Mead,  and  had 
Edson  and  .Arthur. 

|.  George  Quirin,  father  of  Lniil 
OriRlX  J.  F.  Quirin.  was  born  in  West- 
liofFen.  .Alsace,  then  France,  now 
in  Germany,  and  died  at  Olean,  Xew  York, 
April  I,  1907.  He  came  to  the  Lnited  States 
in  1852.  and  became  an  apprentice  in  the  calf- 
skin shop  of  Mercer,  in  Cambridge,  Massachu- 
setts. He  then  removed  to  Iowa,  where  he 
was  engaged  in  the  business  of  tanning  imtil 
1807.  He  returned  to  the  east  with  his  brothers. 
Philip  and  Jacob,  and,  in  June.  1869.  together 
with  them,  purchased  the  tannery  of  the  lata 
Colonel  William  Ransom,  at  Tioga  Centre, 
Xew  York,  and  converted  it  into  an  upper 
leather  tanncrv.  under  the  firm  name  of  L  G. 

Quirin  &  Com])any.  I'hey  gave  em]5loyment 
to  from  one  hundred  to  one  hundred  and  fifty 
men  in  the  tanning  of  wax  calf,  and  were  con- 
nected with  William  C.  Quirin  &  Company,  of 
Boston.  William  C.  Quirin  remained  at  the 
head  of  this  firm  until  his  death  in  1901.  The 
latter  firm  had  a  currying  shop  on  Longwood 
avenue.  Roxbury,  Massachusetts,  where  two 
hundred  men  were  employetl  in  finishing  the 
])roduct  of  the  tannery.  At  that  time  they 
were  the  largest  manufacturers  of  wax  calf- 
skins in  the  country,  ami  produced  skins  of  a 
superior  quality  to  the  P'rench  calfskins  then 
in  such  demand.  Philip  Quirin  died  in  187 1, 
and  Jacob  in  1880.  and.  in  1887,  J.  George 
Quirin  retired  from  active  business  life,  and 
spent  the  remainder  of  his  life  on  his  farm  in 
summer,  and  with  his  sons,  at  Olean,  in  winter. 
Pie  was  later  for  a  time  engaged  in  operating 
a  stuffing  mill  for  a  Mr.  Hofl:'man,  in  Somer- 
ville,  Massachusetts.  .After  his  retiu'n  from 
the  west  he  wrote  a  number  of  articles  on  this 
subject,  which  appeared  in  The  Shoe  and 
Leather  Re  pari  er.  in  1867-68-69.  and  which 
attracted  consitlerable  attention  at  that  time. 
he  having  been  one  of  the  first  men  to  operate 
machinery  for  this  pur]50se. 

He  married  Madeleine  P>ernliardt.  Chil- 
dren; William  C.  A.,  married  Lilibie  Deane ; 
Emil  J.  F.,  mentioned  below;  George  L.  A., 
married  Celia  F.  Sewell.  of  Boston ;  Frederick, 
died  young;  Edward  X..  married  Edna  L. 
Earle ;  Charles  X..  unmarried;  Lydia  E..  mar- 
ried Etlward  Muller  :  .Albert,  deceased  ;  Frank 
J.,  married  Elma  Bromdage,  of  California; 
Larrie  L.,  deceased  ;  Angelica  F".,  unmarried. 

(  11  )  Emil  J.  F.,  son  of  John  George  Quirin, 
was  born  in  Buffalo,  Xew  A'ork.  February  21, 
1855,  and  was  educated  in  the  schools  of 
Owego  and  at  Boston  Business  College.  He 
entered  the  employ  of  his  father,  and  later 
became  a  partner  in  the  firm.  He  is  at  present 
general  manager  of  the  Quirin  Leather  Press 
Comjianv.  of  (31ean.  He  married.  .September 
_'.  1880.  Cecilia  Eleanor,  daughter  of  Stejihen 
Durkee  and  Mary  Robbins  (Magray)  Archer 
(see  .Archer  HI),  and  they  have  one  child, 
\'iolet  Madeleine,  born  June  21.  1884. 

Mrs.  Cecilia  Eleanor  Quirin  had  for  her 
revolutionary  ancestor  Joseph  Robbins.  who 
left  the  following  autoljiography ; 

I  w.TS  born  at  Kingston.  Plymouth  county,  in  the 
State  of  Massachusetts,  in  the  year  of  our  Lord  1757. 
When  T  was  between  seventeen  and  eighteen  years  of 
age  I  cnhsted  the  first  day  of  May,  1775,  in  Middle- 



burg,  where  I  then  resided,  as  a  private  soldier  to 
the  American  Army  in  the  Revokitionary  war,  for 
the  first  eight  months'  service  in  Captain  Isaac  Wood's 
company,  under  Colonel  Cotton  Jr.,  General  Thomas' 
brigade.  I  marched  from  Middleburg  to  Roxbury, 
where  I  served  my  time  out  at  the  siege  of  Boston. 
Soon  after  this  I  enlisted  in  the  same  company,  but 
under  Colonel  Bailey's  command,  in  General  Heath's 
brigade,  for  the  time  of  one  year,  in  1776,  and 
marched  with  the  army  to  New  'V'ork.  While  I  was 
in  New  York  I  worked  considerably  at  my  trade  as 
an  artificer.  C)n  the  25th  of  December,  1776,  I  took 
part  in  the  capture  of  the  Hessians  at  Trenton.  My 
time  of  service  e.xpired  Jan.  ist,  1777.  Then  I  volun- 
teered anew  for  six  weeks  longer,  and  followed 
General  Washington  into  the  field  of  battle  at  Prince- 
ton. I  remained  with  the  army  until  my  six  weeks 
was  expired,  and  then  was  discharged  and  came 
home  and  remained  until  June,  1779,  then  I  enlisted 
in  the  army  and  went  one  campaign  with  General 
Sullivan,  up  in  the  wilderness  in  the  back  country, 
to  fight  the  Indians.  I  think  my  captain's  name  was 

Services:  8  months  at  Roxbury,  Mass.;  12  months 
at  New  York,  and  there  about  1 '  _>  month  volunteers; 
6  months  in  General  Sullivan's  army;  2"/  months  and 
twelve  days,  which  I  claim  a  pension  for. 

The  following  will  show  that  his  claim  for 
pension  was  successful: 


Revolution-ary  Claims. 

I    certify   that   in   conformity   with   the   law   of   the 

United  States  of  the  7th  June,  1832,  Joseph  Robbins, 

of  Nova  Scotia,  who  was  a  Private  in  the  war  of  the 

Revolution,  is  entitled  to  receive  eighty  dollars  and 

cents    per    annum,    during    his    natural    life, 

commencing  on  the  4th  of  March,  1831,  and  4th  of 
September  in  every  year. 

Given  at  the  War  Office  of  the  United  States,  this 
9th  day  of  January,  one  thousand  eight  hundred  and 
thirty-eight.  [Seal]     J.  R.  Pomteli,. 

Secretary  of  War. 
Examined  and  Countersigned, 
J.  L.  Edwards, 

Commissioner  of  Pensions. 

(The  Archer  Line). 
For  more  than  five  hundred  years  the  fam- 
ily of  Archer  has  been  of  some  note  in  Eng- 
land. Like  the  origin  of  most  patronymics  of 
the  earlier  Anglo-Sa.xon  period,  that  of  Archer 
appears  to  be  involved  in  some  obscurity,  and 
it  is  doubtful  whether  the  armorial  bearings  of 
the  family  were  derived  from  the  name  and 
that  still  earlier  from  the  occupation  or  pro- 
fession of  archery,  or  were  assumed,  either  in 
fanciful  reference  to  the  name  or  in  allusion  to 
the  tenure  by  which  John  Archer,  champion 
to  Thomas,  earl  of  Warwick,  held  his  estates 
of  that  noble,  namely,  annual  payinent  of 
twelve  broad  arrows.  The  Archer  family  of 
Umberslade  has  been  the  principal   family  of 

the  name  in  England.  The  line  of  descent 
down  to  the  time  that  the  American  ancestor 
of  the  Archer  family  left  England  is  given 
below : 

Fulbert  Archer  came  to  England  with  Will- 
iam, the  Conqueror,  and  his  name  is  on  the 
roll  of  Battle  Abbey. 

Robertus,  son  of  Fulbert  Archer,  was  of 
Tamworth,  Warwick  county,  England,  mar- 
ried Selida,  daughter  and  heir  of  Roger  de 
Hulehall ;  had  children :  Richard,  John  and 

William,  son  of  Robert  Archer,  married 
Margeria,  daughter  and  heir  of  John  Saway 
de  Oxton  Saway,  Leicestershire.  Children : 
Thomas,  John,  William  and  Flenry. 

John,  son  of  William  Archer,  married  Mar- 
gery, daughter  of  William  Barneville,  and  had: 
William,  Ela  and  John. 

John  (2),  son  of  John  (i)  Archer,  was  of 
Tamworth ;  married  Margery,  daughter  of 
William  Tracy  de  Tuddington,  and  they  had : 
Thomas  and  John. 

John  (3),  son  of  John  (2)  Archer,  married 
Isabell,  daughter  of  Radi  de  Erasat,  and  they 
had  :  William  and  Thomas. 

Thomas,  son  of  John  (3)  Archer,  was  of 
L'mberg,  of  Tainworth  or  Tanworth ;  married 
Margaretta,  daughter  and  heir  of  Walter  Cle- 
bury,  of  Clebury.  He  died  in  the  forty-sixth 
year  of  Edward  IIL 

Thomas  (2),  son  of  Thomas  (i)  Archer, 
married  Agnes,  daughter  of  John  Hanbury,  of 
Hanbury,  Staffordshire,  and  they  had :  Henry 
and  Richard.  He  died  in  the  fourth  year  of 
Henry  VL,  aged  eighty-four  years. 

Richard,  son  of  Thomas  (2)  Archer,  mar- 
ried Alice,  daughter  of  William  Hugford, 
widow  of  Thomas  Lucy.  He  died  in  the  elev- 
enth year  of  Edward  IV..  aged  eighty-five. 

John  (4),  son  of  Richard  Archer,  married 
Christina,  daughter  and  heir  of  Rodi  Balklow, 
widow  of  Henry  Sewell. 

John  (5),  son  of  John  (4)  Archer,  was  of 
Tanworth ;  married  Alice,  daughter  of  Bald- 
win Montfort. 

Johannes,  son  of  John  (  5  )  Archer,  was  of 
Tanworth  ;  married  Alary,  daughter  of  I  lumph- 
rey  Stafl-'ord. 

Richard  (2),  son  of  Johannes  Archer,  mar- 
ried Matilda,  daughter  and  heir  of  Edward 

Hutnfrey  Archer  de  Tanworth,  son  of  Rich- 
ard (2)  Archer,  married  Anna  Townsend, 
(laughter  ef  Robert  Townsend. 


icw^-v  }-hs!,:.ricnl  fu.h  (.■ 



Andreas  Archer,  son  of  Hunifrey  Arclier  de 
Tainvorth,  was  of  Tanworth :  he  (hed  there, 
April  6,  1629;  married  Mary,  daughter  of 
Simon  Raleigh  de  Farnborow.  She  died  Au- 
gust 10.  1614.  Children:  Simon,  Thomas  and 

Richard  (3),  son  of  Andreas  Archer,  mar- 
ried Maria  Bull,  daughter  of  Roland  Bull. 
Richard  died  in  1646-47,  at  Xethope,  in  Ox- 

Simon,  son  of  Richard  (3)  Archer,  married 
.\nne,  daughter  of  John  Ferres  de  Tanworth. 

The  connection  with  the  American  ancestor 
has  not  been  definitely  established,  but  he  was 
doubtless  from  a  branch  of  the  family  outlined 
above,  founded  by  John  Archer,  rector  of  Car- 
hayes,  instituted  there  about  1614.  The  rector 
had  a  son  Nicholas  who  inherited  from  his 
uncle,  Richard  Archer,  of  St.  Kew,  all  his 
jiroperty,  but,  dying  without  issue,  beciueathed 
liis  estate  to  the  eldest  son  of  his  brother  Ed- 
ward, who  married,  in  1683,  Judith  Swete. 
The  son  of  Edward  Archer  married  Sarah, 
co-heir  of  John  Addis,  of  W'hiteford.  John, 
the  .-\merican  immigrant,  came  from  Cornwall, 
and  was  perhaps  a  grandson  of  Edward  Archer, 
mentioned  above. 

(I)  John  Archer,  the  American  immigrant, 
was  the  progenitor  of  the  Archer  family  of 
Nova  Scotia,  as  well  as  of  many  in  New  Eng- 
land and  other  sections  of  the  country.  He 
came  to  America  during  the  French  and  In- 
dian wars,  1757-62,  having  been  impressed  in 
the  British  navy.  He  left  the  navy,  perhaps 
deserting,  like  many  seamen  who  were  forced 
to  enter  the  navy  against  their  wills,  and  he 
settled  at  Cherryfield,  Maine.  He  was  well 
educated  and  found  employment  in  his  new 
home  as  a  teacher  and  land  surveyor.  He  took 
up  a  lot,  afterward  occupied  by  his  son  John, 
situated  on  the  Beddington  road.  He  had  a 
family  of  twenty-three  children,  most  of  whom 
were  sons  and  nearly  all  of  whom  grew  to 
maturity.  The  youngest  of  the  family,  David 
Cobb  Archer,  who  lived  near  Cherryfield,  was 
well  known  to  travelers  in  his  day,  going  from 
Columbia  Falls  to  Jonesboro,  Maine.  John 
Archer  was  a  soldier  in  the  revolution  in  the 
American  army,  a  private  in  the  artillery  com- 
pany of  Colonel  John  Allen's  regiment  in  1778- 
79,  under  Captain  Thomas  Robbins.  He  was 
also  in  Captain  Jeremiah  (I'Brien's  company 
of  rangers.  Colonel  Allen's  regiment,  serving 
at  Machias,  Maine,  late  in  the  year  1779.  John 
Archer  married  Elizabeth  Gates  Tupper,  niece 

of  General  (jates,  of  the  American  army  at 
Saratoga,  etc.,  and  granddaughter  of  Governor 
Mayhew.  She  was  daughter  of  Peleg  ( born 
1731)  and  Deborah  (Fish)  Tupper,  born  at 
Sandwich,  Massachusetts.     Children:  William 

Gates,  married Mullhall,  of  Liverpool, 

Nova  Scotia,  and  had  two  children,  Henry  and 
Elizabeth:  Henry;  Robert;  John;  Thomas; 
Joseph  Tup|jer,  mentioned  below;  George; 
Allan  ;   Mary ;    Eliakini   and  David  Cobb. 

(II)  Joseph  Tupper,  son  of  John  Archer, 
was  born  at  Cherryfield,  Maine,  in  1782.  He 
received  his  education  in  the  public  schools, 
and  at  home  under  his  father's  instruction. 
He  learned  the  trade  of  mason  and  stone-cutter. 
He  went  to  Yarmouth  and  Liverpool,  Nova 
Scotia,  when  a  young  man,  and  soon  engaged 
in  contracting  for  mason  work  in  that  vicinity. 
He  worked  on  many  public  buildings,  and,  in 
later  life,  did  much  cemetery  work,  at  which 
he  was  especially  skillful.  In  1854  he  removed 
to  Sudbury,  ^Massachusetts,  where  he  bought 
a  farm.  He  died  there,  October  11,  1863,  at 
the  advanced  age  of  eighty-one  years.  In  re- 
ligion he  was  an  active  and  consistent  Baptist. 
In  politics  a  Republican.  He  married  (first) 
Dorcas  Nickerson,  of  Harrington,  Nova  Scotia. 
He  married  (second)  Eleanor  Durkee,  daugh- 
ter of  Stephen  and  Lydia'  (Lovette)  Durkee, 
of  Yarmouth,  Nova  Scotia.  Children  of  Jo- 
seph Tupper  and  Dorcas  (Nickerson)  Archer: 
Freeman,  born  May  8,  1812.  died  1885;  Jo- 
seph .Mien,  born  May  17,  1814,  died  November 
2"/.  1889.  Children  of  Joseph  Tupper  and 
Eleanor  (  Durkee)  Archer:  Dorcas  Eliza,  mar- 
ried Benjamin  Crosby ;  Mary  Eleanor,  born 
1820.  died  August  12,  1890.  married.  October 
14,  1841.  Charles  W.  Wynian.  of  Yarmouth, 
Nova  Scotia ;  George  Edward,  lost  at  sea  in 
1837;  Caroline,  married,  November  28,  1844. 
Joseph  Churchill,  of  Yarmouth,  Nova  Scotia  ; 
"Stephen  Durkee,  see  below ;  Lydia,  married 
Caston  Harris,  of  Boston,  Alassachusetts. 

(HI)  Stephen  Durkee,  son  of  Joseph  Tup- 
per Archer,  was  born  at  Yarmouth,  Nova 
Scotia,  September  22,  1826.  He  received  his 
education  in  the  town  of  Yarmouth.  Although 
his  schooling  was  ended  when  he  was  sixteen, 
he  was  a  lifelong  student.  He  learned  the 
mason's  trade  of  his  father  and  made  it  his 
life  business.  He  built  the  Yarmouth  Bank, 
also  the  Clements  and  Rierson  buildings.  Short- 
ly after  his  marriage,  in  1850,  he  removed  to 
New  York  City,  where  he  worked  at  his  trade 
for  three  vears  on  the  liible  House  building. 



He  then  came  to  Sudbury,  Massachusetts, 
where  he  and  his  father  bought  a  farm,  which 
they  carried  on  for  four  years.  He  continuetl 
also  to  work  at  his  trade  in  the  vicinity.  He  then 
removed  to  Danvers,  Massachusetts,  where  he 
followed  his  trade  for  about  si.x  years,  thence 
going  to  Amesbury,  where  he  worked  for  three 
years.  In  1864  he  removed  to  Yarmouth. 
Nova  Scotia,  for  the  purpose  of  building  the 
courthouse  and  jail  there.  After  three  years 
he  located  at  Boston,  where  he  was  a  con- 
tractor. He  removed  to  Hyde  Park  and  was 
employed  by  the  h'rancis  Estate,  which  was 
located  on  the  present  site  of  Boston  College, 
and  remained  until  1891,  when  he  bought  an 
estate  at  Maiden  and  settled  there,  where  he 
lived  retired  for  the  remainder  of  his  days, 
and  died  December  8,  1902.  He  was  a  member 
of  the  South  Ba]itist  Church,  of  Boston,  and 
was  active  and  ])rominent  in  his  denomination. 
He  had  ])reviously  belonged  to  the  Baptist 
church,  of  Yarmouth.  In  politics  he  was  a 
Republican.  He  was  also  a  member  of  the 
Ancient  Order  of  .American  Mechanics.  His 
portrait,  found  in  this  work,  has  been  placed 
here  by  his  daughter,  Mrs.  Emil  J.  F.  Ouirin, 
in  loving  remembrance  of  his  many  fine  qual- 
ities of  mind  and  heart. 

He  married,  January  15,  1850.  Mary  Robbins 
Magray,  who  was  born  at  Yarmouth,  May  21, 
1827,  daughter  of  Captain  John  and  Abigail 
(Robbins)  Magray,  and  a  lineal  descendant 
of  Elder  Thomas  Cushman,  passenger  in  the 
"Fortune"  in  1621,  and  of  Mary  Allerton, 
passenger  in  the  "Mayflower"  to  Plymouth,  in 
1620.  Children:  i.  Eudora  Frances,  born 
May  21,  1851  ;  married,  in  September,  1870, 
Joseph  E.  Webster,  of  Berwick,  Maine,  and 
they  had  twelve  children.  2.  George  Edward, 
born  February  15,  1853,  died  December,  1903; 
chief  architect  of  the  New  York  and  Lake  Erie 
Railroad  Company  for  seventeen  years,  and 
one  of  the  leaders  in  his  profession  in  this 
country;  married,  August  2,  1880,  Catherine 
Henry,  of  New  York  City,  and  had  two  chil- 
dren, Annie  Louise,  and  Viola  Agnes,  who 
married  Wilbur  Clements,  of  New  York  City. 
3.  Cecilia  Eleanor,  born  April  16,  1855:  mar- 
ried, September  2,  1880,  Emil  J.  F.  Ouirin,  of 
Tioga,  New  York  (see  Ouirin  H).  4.  Luella 
May,  born  .August  Ti,  1857;  married,  .April  2, 
1878,  Warren  \lontague,  of  Portland,  Maine, 
and  they  have  :  George  Warren,  Harry  Messen- 
ger and  Walter  Emil.  5.  Viola  .Alberta,  born 
July  2,   i860;  married,  July   15,   1884,  George 

L.  Haines,  of  Milton,  Massachusetts,  and  they 
have  one  child,  Luella  .Archer  Haines,  born 
July  27,  i8qi.  6.  Calvert  Bradford,  born  at 
Danvers,  .April  22,  1862;  rubber  manufacturer 
of  Milford,  Massachusetts;  married  (first), 
February  3,  1883,  Myra  Violet  Linscott ;  (sec- 
ond), February  14,  1889,  Mary  Poole;  chil- 
dren :  Stephen  Calvert,  Lillian  and  Alicia  Vio- 
let. 7.  .Agnes  Lillian,  born  January  25,  1865; 
married,  July  16,  1884,  Elmer  E.  Walter,  of 
Hyde  Park  ;  children  ;  Warren  Theodore,  born 
January  26,  1887;  Lucile  Agnes,  June  23, 
1 89 1  ;  Clara  Josephine,  February  6,  1894.  8. 
Stella  May,  born  November  18,  1867;  married, 
in  1893,  Captain  A.  S.  Maloney,  of  St.  An- 
drews, New  Brunswick,  deceased. 

Mary  Robbins  (Magray)  Archer,  mother  of 
Mrs.  Quirin,  was  the  daughter  of  Captain  John 
and  Abigail  ( Robbins )  Magray,  married  at 
Yarmc:)uth,  1803.  Captain  John  Magray  was 
born  at  Marblehead,  1774:  died  at  Yarmouth, 
November  9,  1845.  Abigail,  born  at  Plymouth, 
Massachu.setts,  September  17,  1788;  died  at 
Yarmouth,  Nova  Scotia,  April  2,  1870,  was  the 
daughter  of  Joseph  Robbins,  born  at  Plymouth, 
December  11,  1756;  died  at  Yarmouth,  July 
8,  1859;  married,  June  6,  1779,  Elizabeth  Ste- 
phens, born  at  Plymouth,  March  15,  1760; 
died  at  Yarmouth,  Nova  Scotia,  October  27, 
1843.  Joseph  Robbins  was  the  son  of  Benja- 
min Robbins.  born  at  Plymouth,  1732,  drown- 
ed at  Yarmouth,  Nova  Scotia,  1762;  married 
Abigail  Cushman,  born  at  Kingston,  April  3, 
1737;  died  at  Yarmouth,  Nova  Scotia.  Abigail 
Cushman  was  the  daughter  of  Robert  Cush- 
man, born  at  Kingston,  July  2,  1698;  died 
there,  1751  ;  married  there,  April  17,  1725, 
Mercy  Washburn.,  born  at  Kingston,  1702. 
Robert  Cushman  was  the  son  of  Robert  Cush- 
man, born  at  Plymouth,  October  4,  1666;  died 
at  Kingston,  September  7,  1757  ;  married,  1697, 

Persis  ,  died  at  Kingston,  January  14, 

1743.  Robert  Cushman  was  the  son  of  Thomas 
Cushman,  born  at  Plymouth,  September  16, 
1637;  died  there,  August  23,  1726;  married 
there,  November  17,  1664,  Ruth  Howland, 
born  at  Plymouth,  and  died  there,  between 
1672  and  1679,  daughter  of  John  Howland, 
who  came  over  in  the  "Mayflower,"  and  Eliza- 
beth Tille\',  daughter  of  John  Tilley,  of  the 
"Mavflower."  Thomas  Cushman  was  the  son 
of  Thomas  and  Mary  ( Lerton )  Cushman. 
married  1636.  She  died  1699,  daughter  of 
Isaac  Lerton,  of  the  "Mavflow^er,"  who  died 
in    New    Haven,    1659.   .  Elizabeth    .Stephens, 


wife  of  Joseph  Robbins,  \va.s  the  daughter  of 
Edward  Stephens,  who  died  at  Carver,  April 
9.  1788;  married.  1747,  Phebe  Harlow,  born  at 
Plymouth,  October  21,  1728.  Phebe  Jrlarlow 
was  the  daughter  of  William  Harlow,  born  at 
Plymouth,  July  26,  1692;  died  there,  April  11, 
1731  ;  married  Mercy  Rider,  born  Plymouth, 
November  14,  1696;  died  there,  January  2, 
1772.  William  Harlow  was  the  son  of  Samuel 
Harlow,  born  at  Plymouth,  January  2f,  1052: 
married  Hannah  ,  who  died  at  Plym- 
outh. Samuel  Harlow  was  the  son  of  William 
Harlow,  who  died  at  Plymouth,  August  26, 
1 69 1  ;  married  Rebecca  Bartlett,  at  Plymouth. 
Rebecca  Piartlett  was  the  daughter  of  Robert 
and  Mary  (Warren)  Partlett.  Mary  Warren 
was  the  daughter  of  Richard  Warren,  of  the 

Of  the  twelve  patentees  of  the 
DEYO     town   of    New    Paltz,    New    York, 

two  bore  the  name  Deyo  and  were 
father  and  son.  They  were  among  the  last  of 
the  twelve  to  come  to  come  to  the  new  world, 
the  others  having  been  in  .America  several 
years.  New  Paltz  was  one  of  the  few  Hugue- 
not settlements  in  this  country  and  perhaps 
the  only  one  in  which  the  stock  of  the  original 
settlers  was.  not  speedily  overwhelmed  by  a 
flood  of  newcomers  from  other  Eurojiean 
nationalities.  With  the  exception  of  Kingston, 
no  other  place  in  that  part  of  the  C(iuntrv  was 
settled  at  so  early  a  period.  The  New  Paltz 
clnirch  was  organized  exactly  forty  years  be- 
fore the  first  church  at  Poughkeepsie  was 
erected.  The  old  Deyo  house  in  the  village 
came  down  in  the  same  family  nearly  two  hun- 
dred years.  In  1675  Pierre  Deyo  was  still  in 
the  Palatinate,  as  shown  by  the  following  cer- 
tificate of  good  standing  antl  church  member- 
ship still  preserved  in  the  family  : 

This   is   to   certify    that    Peter    Doio   and    .\gatha 

Nickel,  both  in  honor  hving  in  C Pfahz,  Miitter- 

stadt.  circuit  of  New  Sladt.  have  hcen  united  in  mar- 
riage, the  intent  of  such  marriage,  having  been  an- 
nounced three  times  from  the  puh^it,  that  they  arc 
members  of  the  Reformed  Church  and  as  far  as  we 
know,  the  same  are  well  behaved  people. 

J.\coB  Amvot. 

Mutterstadt.  Curr  Pfaltz,  Pastor. 

21  January  1675. 

Christian  Deyo  was  quite  an  old  man  at  the 
time  of  settlement  of  New  Paltz  and  lived  only 
ten  years  afterward.  His  will  is  recorded  in 
book  A,  county  clerk's  office  in  Kingston.  He 
was  called  "Grandpere"  or  grandfather  in  the 

old  documents,  and,  in  fact,  was  the  grand- 
father of  most  of  the  children  in  the  new 
settlement.  His  son  I'ierre  (Peter)  was  a 
patentee,  as  were  his  four  sons-in-law,  Abra- 
ham Hasbrouck,  John  Hasbrouck,  Simon  Le- 
Fevre  and  Abraham  Du  liois. 

(  II  )  Pierre,  only  son  of  Christian  Deyo, 
was  of  Huguenot  extraction;  was  married  in 
the  German  Palatinate,  to  Agatha  Nickel,  and 
with  his  father  came  to  .America  in  1675.  He 
was  one  of  the  twelve  patentees  of  the  town 
of  New  Paltz,  lister  county.  New  York,  and 
tradition  says  that  he  lost  his  life  while  on  an 
evjiedition  to  find  a  route  from  New  Paltz  to 
the  river,  and  that  long  afterwards  a  buckle  of 
a  truss  that  he  wore  was  found.  It  is  probable 
that  this  was  Pierre,  son  of  I'ierre,  the  pat- 
entee, who  grew  to  manhood,  but  left  no  chil- 
dren. Pierre,  the  patentee,  left  four  sons;  i. 
Abraham,  born  at  Ilurly,  October  16,  1676; 
married  Elsie  Clearwater,  and  left  .Abraham 
(2),  Alarytje  and  Wyntje.  2.  Christian,  of 
whom  further.  3.  Pierre,  bajnized  at  New 
Paltz,  1683,  probably  the  one  lost  in  the  forest. 
4.  Hendricus,  baptized  at  Kingston,  October 
12.  1690;  married  Margaret  \'on  Bummel,  and 
left  a  large  family. 

(  HI  )  Christian,  son  of  Pierre,  the  patentee, 
and  Agatha  (Nickel)  Deyo.  was  baptized  at 
r.rooklyn.  New  York,  1681.  He  settled  in  the 
Sjiringtown  district,  where  descendants  yet  re- 
side. His  name  appears  in  a  list  of  taxpayers 
in  1712;  in  a  list  of  soldiers  of  Captain  Hoff- 
man's company  in  1716;  in  the  list  of  those 
who  built  the  first  stone  church  in  1720;  in  a 
list  of  freeholders  in  1728.  and  in  a  list  of 
slave  holders  in  1735.  His  name  a[ipears  as 
deacon  in  the  church  at  New  Paltz.  in  1733. 
and  as  elder  in  i7()5.  He  married,  at  New 
Paltz.  in  1702.  Marytje  De  Graff.  This  mar- 
riage is  recorded  on  both  the  church  books  of 
New  Paltz  and  Kingston.  He  left  children: 
I.  Moses,  born  1706;  married.  1728.  Clarissa 
Stokhard.  and  lived  about  a  mile  north  of 
Springtown.  His  name  appears  in  the  list  of 
New  Paltz  soldiers  in  1738.  He  and  his  wife 
joined  the  New  I^altz  church  in  1752.  2. 
Jacobus,  of  whom  further.    3.  Mary,  married, 

in    1731.   J Ackmoidi,   a   Scotchman,  and 

ancestor  of  the  Auchmoody  family. 

(  I\')  Jacobus,  son  of  Christian  and  Marytje 
I  De  ( iratif )  Deyo,  was  born  about  1708.  He 
left  the  Springtown  home  and  settled  in  Kings- 
tun,  where  he  married  in  1724.  In  1738  he  is 
friund  in  a  li'-t  of   fnot   soldiers  of   Kingston, 



which  proves  liis  residence  there,  ahhough  the 
marriage  record  names  them  both  as  of  New 
I'altz.  Afterward  he  or  his  widow  removed 
to  Dutchess  county,  and  in  the  records  of  the 
Poughkeepsie  church  is  found  a  record  of  his 
widow's  second  marriage,  April  22,  1754.  He 
married  Janitje  Freer.  Children,  several  daugli- 
ters,  and  sons.  Jacobus  (2)  and  Peter. 

(V)  Jacobus  (2),  son  of  Jacobus  (i)  and 
Janitje  (Freer)  Deyo,  was  born  in  1732.  He 
was  twenty-two  years  old  when  his  mother,  in 
1754,  married  (second)  Richard  Gryn,  and  it 
is  supposed  that  he  then  left  home  and  settled 
at  Nine  Partners,  Dutchess  county,  New  York. 
He  married  and  had  issue. 

(VI)  William,  son  of  Jacobus  (2)  Deyo, 
was  born  about  1775,  and  settled  in  the  town 
of  Ghent,  Columbia  county.  New  York,  where 
he  married  and  reared  a  family.  Among  his 
sons  were  David,  Jonathan,  Israel  T.  and  Rich- 

(VH)  Richard,  son  of  William  Deyo,  was 
born  in  the  town  of  Ghent,  Columbia  county, 
New  York,  in  1819;  died  1888.  He  removed 
to  Broome  county,  where  he  engaged  in  farm- 
ing. He  married  Caroline  B.,  daughter  of 
Jonas  and  Gertrude  Eckert.  Children :  Alar- 
tin  L. ;  Christina;  Joseph  H. ;  Israel  Tripp,  of 
whom  furtiier  ;  Gertrude  ;  R.  Herbert. 

(VIII)  Israel  Tripp,  son  of  Richard  and 
Caroline  B.  (Eckert)  Deyo,  was  born  in  the 
town  of  Union,  Broome  county,  New  York, 
January  28,  1854.  His  education  was  obtain- 
ed in  district  schools  and  at  the  high  school  in 
Binghamton,  where  he  was  graduated  in  1875, 
valedictorian.  He  entered  Amherst  College, 
whence  he  was  graduated  A.  B.,  class  of  1879, 
and  was  a  member  of  the  Delta  Kappa  Epsilon 
and  Phi  lieta  Kappa  ( jreek  letter  fraternities. 
For  several  years,  after  leaving  college,  he  was 
engaged  in  teaching,  being  principal  of  the 
school  at  Whitney's  F'oint,  New  York,  and 
later  an  instructor  at  the  State  Normal,  at 
Cortland,  New  York.  Deciding  to  embrace 
the  profession  of  law,  he  entered  the  law 
office  of  David  H.  Carver,  under  whose  per- 
ceptorship  he  continued  until  1883,  when  he 
was  admitted  to  the  bar.  A  partnership  was  at 
once  formed  with  David  H.  Carver,  and  under 
the  firm  name  of  Carver  &  Deyo  a  successful 
legal  business  w-as  transacted.  In  1901  Charles 
H.  Hitchcock  was  admitted,  constituting  the 
firm  of  Carver,  Deyo  &  Hitchcock,  as  it  re- 
mained until  the  death  of  Mr.  Carver,  in  1908. 
]\lr.  William  B.  Carver,  a  son  of  Mr.  D.  H. 

Carver,  was  then  adiuitted  to  the  firm,  and  the 
firm  name  was  changed  to  Deyo,  Hitchcock  & 
Carver,  as  it  still  remains.  This  is  one  of  the 
leading  law  firms  of  Binghamton,  command- 
ing an  extensive  clientage  and  holding  a  high 
position  at  the  New  York  bar.  In  1890-91- 
92-93  Mr.  Deyo  was  elected  a  member  of  the 
state  assembly,  where  he  rendered  important 
service  on  house  committees,  and  in  shaping 
beneficial  legislation.  He  was  appointed  by 
Governor  Flower  a  member  of  the  commission 
to  investigate  the  management  of  the  State 
Reformatory,  at  Elmira,  the  report  of  that 
commission  forming  the  basis  of  some  needed 
reforms  in  that  institution.  He  is  vice-presi- 
dent of  the  New  York  State  Bar  Association  ; 
member  of  the  local  board  of  managers  of  the 
State  Normal  School,  at  Cortland;  director  of 
the  liinghamton  Gas  Works  ;  director  and  sec- 
retary iif  the  Deyo-Macey  Engine  Company, 
and  interested  in  other  business  enterprises  of 
his  city.  He  is  a  member  of  the  New  York 
State  and  Broome  County  Bar  associations, 
and  prominent  in  the  Masonic  Order,  holding 
all  degrees  of  the  York  Rite,  including  that  of 
Knight  Templar  and  all  of  the  Scottish  Rite, 
up  to  and  including  the  thirty-second.  In 
religious  connection  he  is  a  member  of  the 
Congregational  church,  which  l>e  serves  as 
trustee.  In  political  faith  he  is  a  Republican, 
and  an  ardent  supporter  and  active  worker. 

He  married,  in  Binghamton,  New  York. 
June  26,  1889,  Edith  A.,  daughter  of  Eliakim 
and  \'erena  .\.  \\'eld.  Children:  .Austin  \\  ., 
born  September  15,  1891  ;  Dorothy,  born  March 
22,  1899;  Martin  W.,  born  December  12,  1902. 

Eli  Sleeker  was  born  in  Duanes- 
MEEKER     burg,  of  an  old  New  England 

family,  and  removed  to  Quaker 
Lake,  Pennsylvania,  where  he  bought  a  tract 
of  land,  covered  with  the  primeval  forests, 
and  he  cleared  a  farm  and  brought  it  to  a  high 
state  of  cultivation.  This  farm  has  remained 
in  the  family  to  the  present  time  and  the  fam- 
ily burying-ground  there  contains  the  last  rest- 
ing places  of  many  of  the  family. 

(II)  Samuel,  son  of  Eli  Meeker,  was  born 
in  Massachusetts,  where  his  homestead  still 
stands.  He  was  educated  in  the  public  schools 
and  worked  on  the  homestead  until  the  time  of 
his  marriage.  Then  he  located  at  liingham- 
ton.  New  York,  where  he  purchased  wild  lan<l. 
cleared  a  farm  and  conducted  it  for  many 
years.    He  lived  for  a  time  at  Ilawleyton,  New 



York,  and  on  the  shore  of  Quaker  Lake,  Siis- 
((iiehanna  county,  Pennsylvania.  His  later 
years  were  spent  in  the  village  of  Ringhamton, 
with  his  son  Eli,  and  he  died  there  in  February, 
1892,  aged  eighty-six  years.  Fie  was  a  zealous 
Methodist  in  religion  and  often  walked  several 
miles  to  attend  church.  He  married  Sarah 
Finch,  of  Susquehanna  county.  Her  last  years 
were  spent  in  the  home  of  her  son  Eli,  where 
she  died,  aged  nearly  ninety.  Children :  An- 
drew ;  Eli  S.,  mentioned  below  ;  Oliver,  kill- 
ed in  the  civil  war ;  Samuel ;  Elvira,  married 
(first)  William  Bell,  (second)  George  Vos- 
hurg;  Deborah,  married  Frank  Rulison  ;  Ann 
Eliza;  \'an  Rensselaer;  Elijah;  .Alfred;  Lor- 

(Ill)  I"lli  S..  son  nf  Samuel  Meeker,  was 
born  near  Hawleyton,  January  29,  1833.  He 
had  a  common  school  education,  and  when 
twenty-two  years  of  age  engaged  in  the  lumber 
business  at  Hawleyton.  For  many  years  he 
was  a  ]iartner  in  the  firm  of  Weed.  Meeker  & 
Mundy.  wholesale  dealers  in  lumber.  In  1881 
he  came  to  Bingliamton.  New  York,  and  en- 
tered into  partnership  with  Waring  S.  Weed, 
under  the  name  of  W.  S.  Weed  &  Company, 
and  the  firm  did  an  extensive  business  in  lum- 
ber in  western  Pennsylvania,  as  well  as  a  large 
retail  business  in  blinds,  sash,  doors,  etc..  in 
Binghamton.  While  in  Hawleyton  he  was  a 
supervisor  and  school  commissioner.  In  Ring- 
hamton he  was  for  two  terms  alderman  from 
the  second  ward,  in  1888-89.  I"  politics  he 
was  a  staunch  Republican.  He  was  one  of 
the  commissioners  of  Ross  Park,  and  was 
president  of  the  Columbian  Manufacturing 
Company.  He  married  Samantha  L.  Morgan, 
who  was  born  at  Richfield  Springs,  New  York, 
and  lived  in  Madison  county.  He  and  his  wife 
were  members  of  the  Tabernacle  Methodist 
Episcopal  Church.  Children:  I.  Helen,  mar- 
ried George  F.  Twining,  and  had  one  son, 
Laverne,  who  married  \"iolet  Woodley.  and 
has  one  daughter.  Adelaide  Twining.  2.  Rollin 
Weston,  mentioned  below. 

(I\^)  Rollin  W^eston.  son  of  Eli  S.  Meeker, 
was  born  December  25,  1870,  at  Binghamton, 
and  was  educated  in  the  public  and  high  schools 
of  his  native  town  and  by  private  tutors.  In 
September,  1888,  he  began  to  study  law  in  the 
office  of  Hon.  Edmund  O'Connor,  and  he  was 
admitted  to  the  bar  at  Ringhamton,  February 
5,  1892,  just  after  he  came  of  age.  In  the  same 
office  in  which  he  read  law,  he  began  to  prac- 
tice and  was  soon  actively  engaged  in  litigated 

cases  and  trials  before  juries,  not  only  on  his 
own  account  but  was  also  associated  with  Mr. 
O'Connor  in  a  number  of  notable  cases.  Mr. 
Meeker  has  taken  a  ])rominent  place  among 
the  attorneys  of  the  county  and  enjoys  a  large 
practice.  He  is  at  present  president  of  the 
Broome  County  Rar  .Association,  and  a  mem- 
ber of  several  committees  of  the  New  York 
State  Bar  Association.  In  Masonic  circles  he 
is  well  known  throughout  this  section,  a  mem- 
ber of  Binghamton  Lodge;  of  Binghamton 
Chapter.  Royal  .Arch  Masons,  of  Ringhamton  ; 
of  Malta  Commandery.  Knights  Templar;  of 
C)tseningo  Consistory,  first  lieutenant  com- 
mander since  1895.  "'"c  years  in  all,  still  serv- 
ing ;  master  of  Otseningo  Lodge  of  Perfection, 
which  t)ffice  he  has  held  nine  consecutive  years  ; 
past  potentate  of  Katurah  Temple,  Mystic 
Shrine,  two  }'ears.  and  he  had  conferred  upon 
him  at  lioston.  1906,  thirty-third  degree  in 
Masonry,  a  distinction  attained  by  but  few. 
He  is  treasurer  of  the  Columbian  Manufac- 
turing Com])any  ;  secretary  of  the  Binghamtim 
Woolen  Company,  and  member  of  the  Chem- 
ical Fire  Company,  antl  of  the  Binghamton 
Club.  In  politics  he  is  a  Republican,  and  he 
has  been  on  the  executive  committee  of  the 
Republican  League  of  the  Second  Ward,  and 
secretary  of  the  Second  Ward  Republican  Club. 
In  religion  he  is  a  Methodist,  attending  and 
supporting  the  Tabernacle  Church. 

lie  married.  July  I.  i8<)3.  Sarah  Stoddard, 
daughter  of  John  and  Mary  (  Stoddard)  Lewis, 
l)oth  deceased,  a  prominent  family  in  Lisle. 
New  York.     Thev  have  no  children. 

Jonathan  Miller,  the  first  of  this 
MILLER  family  in  Pennsylvania. vi'as  born 
December  10.  1789.  probably  in 
the  old  home  of  the  family  in  Connecticut.  He 
settled  in  Pleasant  Mount.  \\'ayne  county. 
Pennsylvania.  He  acquired  large  tracts  of  land 
there  and  was  a  well-to-do  farmer  and  black- 
smith. He  held  the  office  of  justice  of  the 
peace  for  many  years,  and  was  a  useful  and 
influential  citizen.  He  married.  March  10, 
18 14.  Tryphena.  daughter  of  James  Rigelow 
(see  Rigelow  V).  Children,  born  at  Pleasant 
Mount:  i.  Jonathan,  mentioned  below.  2. 
John  G..  born  February  18.  i8i().  died  May 
15.  1S16.  3.  Mary  T.,  born  June  24.  1820. 
died  .August  20,  1848;  married,  September  3, 
1838.  Dr.  Rodney  T.  Harmes.  4.  James,  born 
March  31.  1826;  married  (first),  June  11, 
i8si.    .Anna    W.    .Smith,   and    (second)    Mary 


NE\\'  YORK. 

.    5.  Joseph,  twin  of  James,  died  Febru- 

ar}-  4,  1831.  6.  Hervey  D.,  born  September  15, 
1830;  an  engineer,  was  killed  in  a  railway  acci- 
dent, September  zj,  1861  :  married,  August  17, 
1859,  Sarah  M.  Day. 

(II)  Major  Jonathan  (2)  Miller,  son  of 
Jonathan  (  i  )  Miller,  was  born  in  Pleasant 
Mount,  Wayne  county,  Pennsylvania,  (Jctoher 
29,  1814,  died  there  October  29,  1898.  Like 
bis  father  he  ];>ecame  a  blacksmith.  He  was  one 
of  the  leading  citizens  of  Pleasant  Mount, 
where  he  held  several  town  offices.  He  was 
the  constable  and  town  officer  for  many  years, 
and  known  to  everyone.  For  manv  years  he 
was  connected  with  the  state  militia,  and,  in 
1842,  he  was  elected  major  of  the  Seventh 
Regiment  of  Pennsylvania  \'olunteer  Militia, 
receiving  his  commission  from  the  governor, 
August  7,  1842.  He  married,  November  5, 
1834,  Polly  .\.,  daughter  of  .\bner  Stone.  Chil- 
dren: I.  Helen,  born  March  8,  1836;  married, 
January  i.  1857,  John  J.  Fulkerson,  and  had 
a  child,  Jennie,  who  married  Judson  Tififany. 
2.  Evaline  A.,  born  May  i.  1838;  married 
(first),  December  22,  1859,  George  VV.  War- 
ner, and  had  one  daughter,  Anna  W. ;  mar- 
ried (second),  December  13,  1866,  Robert 
Clark,  and  had  children:  Nellie  and  Mabel, 
twins.  3.  Henry  AI.,  born  November  18,  1843; 
married,  December  26,  1867,  Laura  E.  P.on- 
ham ;  children :  Nelson,  Robert,  Estella  and 
Grace.  4.  Sanford  J.,  born  May  20,  1849; 
married  (first),  April  8,  1880,  Libbie  Under- 
wood, and  (second) .     5.  Anna 

M.,  born  November  15,  1854,  died  September 
20,   1857.     6.  Frederick  D.,  mentioned  below. 

( III )  Frederick  D.,  son  of  Major  Jonathan 
(2)  Miller,  was  born  at  Pleasant  Mount,  Penn- 
sylvania, April  23,  1857.  He  was  educated  at 
the  Academy  at  Pleasant  Mount,  and  at  an 
early  age  began  his  business  life  as  clerk  in  a 
general  store,  where  he  remained  until  he  was 
twenty-one.  He  then  ojjened  a  general  store 
at  Herrick  Centre,  Pennsylvania,  and  two 
years  later  removed  to  Dinghamton,  New  York, 
and  became  floor  manager  for  the  firm  of  Hills 
McLean  &  Haskins,  where  he  remained  until 
1890.  He  next  held  various  positions  with  the 
Erie  Railway  Company  for  eight  years,  up  to 
1898,  when  he  engaged  in  the  undertaking 
business  in  Binghamton,  which  he  has  since 
conducted  in  a  very  successful  manner.  He 
is  a  member  of  Otseningo  Lodge,  No.  435, 
Free  and  .Accepted  Masons ;  Press  Club ;  New 
York  State  Indertakers'  .Association  and  Em- 

balmers'  Association.  He  married,  June  6, 
1878,  Josephine  G.,  daughter  of  Charles  A. 
and  Sarah  J.  (Sherwood)  Campbell.  He  has 
one  daughter,  Mabel  Pearl,  and  has  legally 
ado])ted  two  grandchildren,  Dorothy  Marie 
and  Ruth  .Sherwood. 

(The  Bigelow  Line). 

(II)  Daniel  Bigelow,  son  of  John  ((|.  v.) 
and  Mary  (Warren)  Bigelow,  was  born  in 
Watertown,  New  York.  December  i,  1630, 
died  about  171 5.  He  married  Abigail  or  Abial 
Pratt,  daughter  of  Thomas  Pratt,  and  settled 
in  Framingham,  in  1686,  where  he  was  a  tailor 
by  trade.  He  lived  near  the  east  end  of  what 
was  known  as  Gleason's  Poni.  His  wife  sur- 
vived him.  Children,  born  in  Framingham : 
Abigail,  October  28,  i68g ;  Daniel,  November 
24,  1691,  mentioned  below;  Abiel,  January  20, 
161)3:  Susanna,  March  4,  1696:  Ep'hraim,  May 
12,  1(598;  Lydia,  January  2,  1702. 

(III)  Daniel  (2),  .son  of  Daniel  (i)  and 
.Abigail  (  FVatt )  Bigelow,  was  born  November 
24,  1(391,  in  Framingham,  Massachusetts.  He 
married  (first),  June  2"],  1723.  Rebecca,  born 
July  25,  1697,  died  July  7,  1738,  daughter  of 
Nathaniel  and  Anna  Fames.  He  married  ( sec- 
ond), July  17,  1746,  Prudence  Stone,  widow 
of  Ebenezer  Stone.  He  is  said  to  have  died 
in  1752,  and  his  brother  F]3hraim  was  adminis- 
trator of  his  estate.  Children,  born  in  Fram- 
ingham:  Rebecca,  May  15.  1726,  died  July  3, 
1729:  Daniel,  October  29,  1727,  died  March 
30,  1730;  Joseph,  October  28,  1729,  died  May 
18,  1730;  Daniel,  July  16,  1732;  Rebecca.  May 
ID,  1734,  died  July  20,  1734;  Joseph,  1736, 
mentioned  below  ;  .\.nn,  June  29,  1738,  died  the 
same  day. 

(IV)  Joseph,  son  of  Daniel  (2)  and  Re- 
becca (Fames)  Bigelow,  was  born  in  Fram- 
ingham, in  173(1,  and  when  not  yet  of  age  went 
to  Leicester  to  work.  There  he  married,  .April 
30,  1756,  Sarah,  daughter  of  Captain  John 
Stebbins.  Soon  after  marriage  he  returned  to 
Framingham,  where  he  lived  until  he  was 
twenty-one  and  came  into  possession  of  his 
father's  estate  from  the  hands  of  his  Uncle 
Ephraim.  He  removed  to  Leicester  soon  after 
this,  and,  about  1766,  moved  to  Spencer,  where 
he  lived  until  his  tleath,  April  19,  1774.  His 
widow  married  ( second)  Ezekiel  Howe,  of 
Shrewsbury,  and  died  in  Shrewsbury,  April  5, 
i8o<').  Children:  John,  born  August  24,  1757; 
Joseph,  December  6,  1759;  James,  Jutie  7, 
1762,  mentioned  below  ;  Jabez,  March  17,  1764 ; 



Daniel,  February  14,  ijdb;  William,  Jul)'  1, 
1768;  Sarah,  October  3,  1770;  Elizabeth,  Janu- 
ary 13,  I773- 

(V)  James,  son  of  Joseph  anil  Sarah  (  Steb- 
bins)  Digelow.  was  born  in  Leicester,  Alassa- 
chusetts,  June  7,  1762.  He  married,  Decem- 
ber 18,  1783,  Mary,  daughter  of  John  (Iraham, 
and  they  moved  to  Mount  Pleasant,  Pennsyl- 
vania, where  he  died  in  1841.  Children  :  John  ; 
Tryphena,  married  Jonathan  Miller  (  see  Miller 
I);  Sarah;  Tryphosa,  born  1801,  married, 
1822,  Clayton  Rogers,  of  Towerville,  Wiscon- 
sin, she  died  1870.  and  he  died  i8(X),  children 
born  at  Mount  Pleasant:  John  S.,  Martha 
Ann,  Clayton  E.,  Cushman  S.,  Eldad  A.,  Earl 
M.,  Helen  M. 

The  surname  Skinner  is  like  a 
SKIXXER  large  class  of  English  trade 
and  business  names  adopted 
about  the  twelfth  century  as  family  names, 
like  butcher,  baker,  chantller,  merchant,  brewer, 
etc.  Skinner  means  simply  a  dealer  in  furs 
and  hides.  The  .Skinners  Company,  of  Lon- 
don, received  a  charter  of  incorporation  as 
early  as  the  reign  of  Edward  HL,  and  has  a 
coat-of-arms  of  ancient  date.  The  families  of 
Skinner  are  found  in  all  parts  of  England. 
The  Skinners  of  Le  I'lurtons  and  Ledbury, 
county  Hereford,  descended  from  Stephen 
Skinner  ( 1557),  elder  son  of  Stephen  Skinner, 
of  county  Herefiird.  .\rms  :  Sable,  a  chevron 
or  between  three  griffins'  heads  erased,  argent, 
a  mullet  for  tlifference.  Crest :  A  griffin's  head 
erased,  argent,  hokling  in  the  beak  a  hand, 
couped  gules  on  the  breast,  a  mullet  for  differ- 
ence. .\  common  device  in  various  Skinner 
arms  is :  .Sable,  three  griffins'  heads  erasetl, 
argent.  The  families  at  Cowley,  Devonshire,  in 
London,  in  county  Esse.x,  the  Isle  of  Wight, 
Dewlich,  and  various  other  localities,  also  bear 
arms.  Thomas  Skinner  was  lord  mayor  of 
London  in  1596. 

(I)  Sergeant  Thomas  Skinner,  immigrant 
of  the  Essex  county  families,  was  born  in 
1617,  in  England,  and  died  ALarch  2,  1703-04, 
in  Maiden,  Massachusetts,  He  came  from 
Chichester,  county  Sussex,  England,  bringing 
with  liim  his  wife  and  two  sons.  He  lived  at 
one  time  at  Subdeanery  and  Parish,  Chichester. 
He  was  a  victualler,  and.  May  31,  1652,  was 
licensed  to  keep  an  inn  at  Maiden.  His  house 
there  was  situated  at  the  southeast  corner  of 
Cross  and  W'alnut  streets.  It  was  given  to 
Skinner's   son   Abraham,   March    13,    1694-93. 

He  was  admitted  freeman  May  18,  i()(y^.     He 

married     (first),    in    England,    Mary    , 

who  died  April  9,  1671  ;  (second  )  Lydia  (  Shep- 
ardson )  Call,  widow  of  Thomas  Call.  She 
died  December  17,  1723,  aged  eightv-seven. 
Children,  born  at  Chichester,  England  :  Thomas, 
mentioned  below;  Abraham,  bajitized  in  Pal- 
lant   I'arish  C'hurch,  September  29,   i(>49. 

(II)  Thomas  (  2  ) ,  son  of  Thomas  ( i )  Skin- 
ner, was  born  in  Subdeanery  and  Parish,  Chi- 
chester, England,  July  23,  1(143.  He  married 
Mary,  daughter  of  Richard  and  Mary  Pratt, 
of  Maiden,  Essex  county,  England.  Richard 
Pratt  was  baptized  there,  June  29,  1615,  died 
ifM)!.  Deacon  Thcimas  Skinner  removed,  with 
his  wife,  sons  Richard.  Penjamin,  Ebenezer, 
Nathaniel,  and  daughter  .\bigail,  to  Ctilchester, 
Connecticut,  where  he  was  one  of  the  original 
proprietors.  His  name  and  that  of  his  son 
Ebenezer  frequently  occur  in  the  early  records. 
He  held  various  town  officers  and  served  on 
important  committees.  He  and  his  son  Ben- 
jamin were  granted  lots,  January  21,  1702, 
and,  in  May,  1702,  he  drew  his  house  lot.  The 
diary  of  his  son  Thomas  has  lieen  iireserved 
and  gives  many  interesting  details  of  family 
history.  All  his  children  were  born  in  Maiden. 
His  wife  died  March  26,  1704.  Children: 
Mar_\-,  Ixjru  November  3,  i66(i;  Thomas,  No- 
vember 3,  i()f)8,  removed  to  Norton,  Massa- 
chusetts; -\biah,  June  if),  1671;  John,  April 
3,  t('>73,  mentioned  below ;  Richard,  June  2, 
1673;  Joseph,  January  13,  i()78;  Hannah,  died 
October  20,  1728;  Penjamin,  born  January  30, 
1681  ;  Ebenezer,  .\pril  2^.  1684;  Nathaniel, 
January  27,  1686;  Abigail,  February  17,  1691. 

(III)  John,  son  of  Tliomas  (2)  Skinner, 
was  born  April  3.  1673,  in  Maiden,  Massachu- 
setts. He  and  his  brother  Thomas  settled  in 
Norton,  Massachusetts,  though  for  many  years 
he  was  a  member  of  the  church  at  Wrentham, 
Massachusetts,  in  which  his  children  were  bap- 
tized, 1701-17.  He  may  have  lived  in  Wrent- 
ham, though  probably  not,  for  the  births  of 
the  children  are  recorded  at  Norton.  The 
births  of  his  brother  Thomas's  children  were 
recorded  at  Wrentham,  The  Norton  history 
tells  us  that  John's  home  was  in  the  west  part 
of  the  North  Purchase  of  Taunton  (Norton), 
and  he  was  a  member  of  the  church  at  its 
organization.  He  died  at  Wrentham,  April  8, 
1734,  according  to  the  town  records.  He  mar- 
ried Sarah  .     Children,  Ijorn  at  Norton 

and  baptized  at   Wrentham:      i.   Sarah,  born 
January  31,  1697,  bai)tized  Sejitember  11,  1 701. 



2.  lolin.  born  December  17,  1700,  baptized 
September  11,  1701.  3.  Ezra,  mentioned  below. 
4.  Ebenezer,  "born  January  iq,  1707,  bajjtized 
Marcli  16,  1707;  married  Joanna  Bacon.  5. 
Hepsibab,  born  June  27,  171 1,  baptized  August 

26,  171 1.  6.  Abigail,  born  August  26,  1713, 
baptized  October  18,  1713;  married  Seth  Ricb- 
ardson.  7.  Jemima,  born  January  2.  1717, 
baptized  April  7,  17 17. 

(IV)  Ezra,  son  of  Jobn  Skinner,  was  born 
at  Norton,  April  26,  1703,  baptized  at  Wrent- 
ham,  April  26,  1703.  He  married  Elizabetb 
Swan,  or  Swaine.  January  8,  1724,  at  JMedford. 
Children,  born  at  Norton :  Timothy,  mention- 
ed below:  Elijah  and  Elisha.  twins.  February 

27,  1725-26;  Ezra,  February  14,  1730.  Per- 
haps others. 

(V)  Timothy,  son  of  Ezra  Skinner,  was 
born  at  Norton,  September  10,  1724:  married 
there,  November  6,  1748,  Hannah  Tiffany.  He 
settled  in  Mansfield,  Massachusetts,  originally 
a  parish  of  Norton.  Children,  born  at  Norton  : 
Elizabeth,  October  3,  1749:  John,  November 
12,  1751  ;  Elisha,  July  20,  1754;  Hannah,  Octo- 
ber 10,  1756.  Born  at  Mansfield:  Timothy, 
mentioned  below. 

(VI)  Timothy  (2).  son  of  Timothy  (i) 
Skinner,  was  born  at  Mansfield,  February  10, 
1761.  He  was  a  soldier  in  the  revolution  from 
Mansfield,  enlisting  September  2,  1777,  in  Cap- 
tain Silas  Cobb's  company.  Colonel  Dan  forth 
Keyes's  regiment :  also  a  private  for  six  months, 
June  28,  1778,  to  January  i,  1779,  in  Colonel 
John  Daggetts'  regiment,  and  in  Captain  Jo- 
seph Cole's  company.  Colonel  John  Jacobs's, 
regiment:  also,  in  1779.  in  Captain  Enoch 
Robinson's  company.  Colonel  Samuel  Fisher's 
regiment  (vol.  xiv,  Mass.  Rev.  Rolls,  p.  282). 
He  married,  at  Westmoreland,  New  Hamp- 
shire, September,  1790.  Ruth  Warner,  born  at 
Westmoreland,  November  6,  1770,  died  at 
Keene,  New  Hampshire,  where  two  of  her 
sons  lived.  July  2,  1849.  aged  seventy-eight 
years.  Children :  Alanson,  settled  in  Chester- 
field, New  Hampshire,  about  1815.  Barton, 
born  December  19,  1801,  resided  at  Chester- 
field, 1853-56.  and  died  at  Keene,  February  11, 
1865  ;  Warren  :  Cynthia  :  Avery,  mentioned 
below:  Hiram:  .\dol]3hus  ;  John:  Albert. 

(VII)  Hon.  Avery  Skinner,  son  of  Timo- 
thy (2)  Skinner,  was  born  in  Westmoreland, 
New  Hampshire,  June  9.  1796.  He  worked 
on  his  father's  farm  in  his  native  town  during 
his  boyhood,  attended  the  public  schools  there. 

and  taught  school  in  winter  in  order  to  com- 
plete his  education  in  the  Chesterfield  Acad- 
emy. In  1816  he  started  for  the  Black  River 
country  on  horseback,  and  ten  tla)s  later  reach- 
ed Watertown,  JefTfer.son  county.  New  York, 
where  he  remained  si.x  years  and  followed 
various  occupations.  In  1823  he  came  to  what 
is  now  Union  Square,  Oswego  county,  the 
name  of  which  he  gave.  He  cleared  a  farm, 
conducted  a  tavern,  and  was  appointed  post- 
master by  President  John  Quincy  Adams,  and 
held  the  office  more  than  fifty  years.  He  was 
one  of  the  founders  of  the  Alexico  Academy, 
and  trustee  and  secretary  for  many  years.  In 
1831  he  was  elected  to  the  assembly  of  New 
York,  and  reelected  in  1832.  In  1826  he  was 
elected  county  treasurer,  and  held  that  office 
by  reelection  from  term  to  term  for  a  period 
of  twelve  years.  In  1828  he  was  appointed 
county  judge  and  held  the  office  until  1839, 
when  he  declined  reelection.  He  represented 
the  county  in  the  state  senate,  1838-42.  He 
was  nominated  for  congress  in  1846,  and  was 
defeated  by  Hon.  William  Duer  by  a  few  votes. 
In  politics  he  was  a  strong  and  influential 
Democrat.  He  filled  the  many  offices  which 
he  held,  with  exceptional  ability  and  efficiency, 
being  fitted  not  only  by  natural  qualifications 
and  ability  but  by  good  training  and  sterling 
character,  and  for  many  years  was  one  of  the 
most  prominent  and  useful  citizens  of  the 
county.  He  married,  June  9,  1822.  Elizabeth 
Lathrop,  daughter  of  Solomon  and  Ann 
(Jones)  Huntington.  Her  father  came  from 
Norwich,  Connecticut,  to  Mexico,  New  York, 
in  1804:  was  a  near  relative  of  Samuel  Hunt- 
ington, signer  of  the  Declaration  of  Independ- 
ence and  president  of  the  Continental  Con- 
gress (see  Huntington).  Avery  Skinner  mar- 
ried (second),  in  1834,  Charlotte  Stebbins,  of 
Watertown,  New  York.  Children:  i.  Lucretia, 
born  September  13,  1824,  died  Seiitembcr  27, 
1824.  2.  Timothy  Warner,  mentioned  below. 
3.  Solomon  Avery.  Irorn  July  23,  1829,  died 
September  6,  1830.  4.  Eliza  Huntington,  born 
July  13.  1833:  married  Charles  Richardson. 
Children  of  second  wife:  5.  Rev.  James  A., 
born  November  15,  1835:  Protestant  Epis- 
copal clergyman  of  New  York  City.  6.  Char- 
lotte G.,  born  January  22.  1837.  7.  Infant, 
died  December  14,  1841,  unnamed.  8.  Albert 
T..  born  November  12.  1841.  9.  Charles  R., 
August  4,  1844:  former  assemblyman  and  con- 
gressman, now  an  officer  of  the  custom  house, 

NEW   Y(  )RK. 


New  York  Cit\'.  lo.  Mary  Grace,  born  Sep- 
tember 12,  i84r);  married  Hon.  Manrice  I,. 
AVright  (  see  Wright ) . 

(\"III)  Timothy  Warner,  son  of  Hon. 
Avery  Skinner,  was  born  at  Union  Stiuare, 
town  of  Mexico,  Oswego  county.  New  York, 
April  24,  1827.  [le  attended  the  public  schools 
of  his  native  town,  and  worked  on  his  father's 
farm  there  until  he  was  twenty-five  years  old. 
[■"or  several  years  he  taught  the  district  school 
in  winter,  and  had  charge  of  the  farm  in  sum- 
mer. In  1852  he  was  elected  a  justice  of  the 
])eace  of  the  town  and  served  two  terms.  He 
moved  to  the  village  of  Mexico  in  1853,  and 
has  resided  there  since  that  year.  In  1857  Mr. 
Skinner  was  admitted  to  the  bar,  and,  in  nji  1. 
after  practicing  tifty-five  )-ears,  he  is  the  oldest 
practicing  attorney  in  Oswego  county.  In  Ncj- 
vember,  1857,  he  entered  into  partnership  with 
Judge  Cyrus  Whitnew  in  the  law  and  banking 
firm  of  Whitney  iK:  .Skinner.  The  firm  con- 
tinued until  1870,  when  the  senior  partner  re- 
moved to  Oswego.  .Maurice  L.  \\'riglit,  brother- 
in-law  of  Mr.  Skinner,  then  became  his  part- 
ner, and  the  firm  name  became  Wright  iK: 
Skinner.  Since  1880,  when  the  firm  was  dis- 
solved, Mr.  Skinner  has  practiced  alone.  In 
public  life  Mr.  Skinner  has  had  a  long  and 
distinguished  career.  He  was  elected  surrogate 
of  Oswego  county  in  1863.  reelected  in  1870, 
and  again  in  1876.  serving  in  this  office  longer 
than  any  other  incumbent.  He  has  taken  an 
active  part  in  village  affairs,  and  was  jjresi- 
dent  of  the  incorporated  village  of  Mexico  for 
many  years.  For  many  years  he  was  one  of 
the  trustees  of  the  old  Alexico  Academy.  In 
politics  he  was  formerly  a  Democrat,  after- 
ward a  Republican.  He  is  also  prominent  in 
the  Masonic  fraternity,  a  member  of  the  lodge, 
and  past  high  jiriest  of  Mexico  Chapter,  No. 
135,  Royal  Arch  Masons,  and  now  the  oldest 
Free  Mason  in  the  town.  In  religion  he  is  a 
Methodist.  He  married,  January  17,  1856. 
Sarah  Elizabeth  Calkins,  died  in  1861.  daugh- 
ter of  Minor  H.  Calkins.  He  married  (  sec- 
ond), August  18,  1862.  Sarah  L.  Rose,  born 
January  4,  1833,  died  May  23,  19 10,  daughter 
of  Joseph  Rose.  Child  of  first  wife:  i.  Lizzie 
B.,  born  June  18,  1857;  married  J.  B.  Stone, 
of  .Auburn.  New  Y'ork ;  children :  .\very  J., 
.\lliene.  Grace  and  Charlotte  Stone.  Children 
of  second  wife:  2.  Grace,  died  December  24, 
1894.  3.  .Avery  Warner,  born  August  18, 
1870:  graduate  of  Syracuse  University;  princi- 
pal of  Oneida  high   school,  later  principal  of 

Andes  Academy  and  of  the  Mexico  high  school, 
and  now  state  inspector  of  schools  of  New 
York :  married  Nancy  Brown  Bates,  of  Titus- 
ville.  Pennsylvania ;  children :  Margaret  and 

(The  Huntin.citon  Line). 

( I  )  Simon  Huntington,  immigrant  ancestor, 
was  born  in  England,  and  sailed  for  New  Eng- 
land, in  1^133,  with  his  wife  and  children,  but 
was  taken  ill  and  died  on  the  voyage,  of  small- 
pox. His  widow,  Margaret  (Barrett)  Hunt- 
ington, settled  with  her  children  first  in  Rox- 
bury,  Massachusetts,  where  she  married  ( sec- 
ond). 1633-36,  Thomas  Stoughton,  of  Dor- 
chester. They  removed  to  Windsor,  Connecti- 
cut, and  settled  there.  Margaret  was  probably 
born  in  Norwich,  England.  Practically  noth- 
ing is  known  of  Simon  Huntington — even  his 
name  was  a  mystery  to  the  early  genealogists 
of  the  family.  Children:  William,  settled  in 
.Salisbury,  in  1640:  Thomas,  settled  in  Con- 
necticut: Christopher,  settled  in  Norwich,  one 
of  the  founders:  Simon,  mentioned  below; 
.Ann,  mentioned  in  a  letter  written  by  Peter 
Barrett  to  his  sister.  Margaret  (  Barrett)  Hunt- 

(11)  Simon  (2),  son  of  Simon  (i)  Hunt- 
ington, was  born  in  England,  about  1630,  and 
came  to  .\merica  on  the  ill-fated  voyage  with 
his  mother,  in  1633.  He  settled  in  Norwich 
and  was  a  member  of  Mr.  Fitch's  church  there, 
and  a  deacon  of  the  church  until  1696,  when 
his  sons  succeeded  him.  He  was  a  member  of 
the  general  assembly  in  1674.  had  a  grant  of 
land  in  1686,  was  townsman  in  1690  and  1694. 
In  i^ii;4  he  was  on  a  committee  to  search  out 
anil  rejjort  the  deficiencies  in  the  public  records. 
He  served  on  the  committee  to  seat  the  meet- 
ing-house, i6<;)7-i7oo,  and  was  on  a  committee 
to  give  deeds  and  fix  titles  of  lands  in  dispute 
or  with  defective  title.  He  married.  October, 
1653.  Sarah,  daughter  of  Joseph  Clark,  of 
Windsor,  Connecticut.  She  died  1721,  aged 
eightv-eight.  He  died  at  Norwich,  June  28, 
1706,  aged  seventy-seven.  Children:  Sarah, 
born  at  Saybrook.  August,  1657,  married  Dr. 
.Solomon  Tracy :  Mary,  born  at  Saybrook,  .Au- 
gust, 1657,  married Forbes,  of  Preston  ; 

.Simo!i  Saybrook,  February,  1659,  succeeded 
his  father  as  deacon:  Joseph,  mentioned  below. 
Born  at  Norwich:  Elizabeth,  February,  1664, 
died  young;  Samuel,  March  i.  1665;  Eliza- 
beth, October  6,  1666,  married  Joseph  Backus; 
Nathaniel.  July  10,  1672,  died  young;  Daniel, 
March  13,  1673-76. 



(Ill)  Deacon  Joseph  Huntington,  son  of 
Simon  Huntington,  was  born  at  Norwich,  Sep- 
tember, 1661,  and  (bed  at  Windham,  Decem- 
ber 20.  17 17.  In  1687  he  went  to  Windham, 
Connecticut,  and  built  his  house,  materials 
from  which  were  used  in  the  construction  of 
the  house  now  on  his  old  farm.  He  was  elect- 
ed deacon  in  Windham  church  in  1729.  He 
owned  land  in  \Villiamantic  and  in  W^indham. 
He  married,  November  28,  1787,  Rebecca, 
daughter  of  Deacon  Thomas  Adgate.  Chil- 
dren :  Deacon  Joseph,  born  at  Norwich,  Au- 
gust 29,  1688,  married  July  6,  1719,  Elizabeth 
Ripley;  Nathaniel,  born  at  Norwich,  Septem- 
ber I,  1691.  Born  at  Windham  :  Jonathan,  Oc- 
tober 7,  1695,  married,  Noveiuber  7,  1734, 
Elizabeth  Rockwell,  (second),  August  7,  1754, 
Sarah  Norton;  David,  December  6,  1697,  mar- 
ried, June  30,  1725,  Mary  Mason,  born  Au- 
gust 31,  1707;  Solomon,  mentioned  below  ;  Re- 
becca, September  18,  1712  (doubtless  1702), 
married  January  24,  1734,  John  Crane;  Sarah, 
born  May  25,  1706,  married  March  28,  1728, 
Ebenezer  Wright ;  Mary,  August  4,  1707,  mar- 
ried Theophilus  Fitch,  of  Canterbury. 

( 1\' )  Solomon,  son  of  Deacon  Josejih  Hunt- 
ington, was  born  in  Windham,  February  6, 
1700,  and  died  April  30,  1752.  He  married, 
October  31,  1727,  Mary,  daughter  of  Thomas 
and  Margaret  (Griswold)  Buckingham,  grand- 
daughter of  Rev.  Thomas  and  Esther  (Hos- 
mer)  Buckingham,  born  June  5,  1705,  died 
September  7,  1778.  Children:  Solomon,  born 
November  24,  1728,  died  January  2,  1729; 
Margaret,  born  April  8,  1730;  Jeremiah,  Feb- 
ruary 24,  i72,2-2,i,  a  soldier  in  the  revolution; 
Rebecca,  June  7,  1735 ;  Solomon,  mentioned 
below;  Temperance,  October  6,  1739;  Mary, 
October  8,  1741 ;  Lydia,  Novemijer  2,  1744. 

(V)  Solomon  (2),  son  of  Solomon  (i) 
Huntington,  was  born  October  19,  1737,  and 
died  Marcli  3,  1809.  He  married,  March  28, 
1762,  Anna  Denison,  born  1742,  died  Septem- 
ber 6,  1807.  She  joined  the  church,  1770.  He 
was  prominent  in  town  atTairs.  Children,  born 
at  Windham :  Minor,  April  22,  1763,  removed 
to  Nova  Scotia,  1784;  Alathea,  November  29, 
1764;  Elizabeth,  January  15,  1767;  Anna  and 
Solomon  (twins),  April  7,  1770;  Joseph  Deni- 
son, October  28,  1778;  Mary,  February  25, 

(\T)  Solomon  (3),  son  of  Solomon  (2) 
Huntington,  was  born  April  7,  1770,  and  mar- 
ried, October  25,  1801,  Anna  Jones,  of  New 
Haven.     He  removed  to  Mexico,  New  York. 

Children,  first  born  in  Connecticut,  the  rest  in 
Mexico:  Elizabeth  Lathrop,  September  13, 
1802,  married  Avery  Skinner  (see  Skinner)  ; 
William  Jones,  February  9,  1804;  Herbert 
Nelson,  April  9,  1807;  Benjamin  Lathrop,  Feb- 
ruary 16,  1810;  Samuel  I'eck,  May  25,  1811  ; 
John  Lathrop,  March  24,  181 7. 

(HI)  Lieutenant  Sam- 
HCNTIN(;T0N  uel  Huntington,  son  of 
Simon  Huntington  (q. 
V.I,  was  burn  in  Norwich,  March  I,  1665, 
ilied  at  Lebanon,  May  10,  1717.  In  1700 
he  removed  to  Lebanon,  Connecticut,  after 
selling  his  house  and  lot  for  a  parsonage, 
r.efore  his  removal  he  had  been  in  public  life 
and  held  various  offices.  In  1692  he  was  elect- 
ed constable  and  he  had  been  one  of  the  towns- 
men. Ten  years  after  settling  in  Lebanon,  he 
was  appointed  by  the  citizens  of  Norwich  on  a 
committee  to  locate  the  new  meeting-house, 
about  which  a  serious  dispute  had  arisen.  He 
owned  much  land  both  in  Norwich  and  Leb- 
anon. His  name  was  on  the  list  of  members 
of  the  Lebanon  church  in  1707,  and  his  wife's 
name  in  1701.  He  married,  in  Norwich,  Octo- 
ber 29,  1686,  Mary,  daughter  of  William  Clark, 
of  Wethersfield ;  she  died  October  5,  1743. 
Children,  born  in  Norwich :  Elizabeth,  April 
24,  1688-89;  Samuel,  August  28,  1691  ;  Caleb, 
mentioned  below;  Mary,  October  i,  1696;  Re- 
becca, February,  1698-99.  Born  in  Lebanon  : 
Sarah,  October  22,  1701  ;  John,  May  17,  1706; 
Simon,  /\ugust  15,  1708. 

( I\  )  Caleb,  son  of  Lieutenant  Samuel  Hunt- 
ington, was  born  at  Norwich,  Connecticut. 
February  8,  1693-94;  married  there,  January 
28,  1720,  Lydia  Griswold,  born  May  28,  1696. 
Children,  bom  at  Lebanon,  Connecticut :  Caleb, 
December  9.  1721  ;  Lydia,  June  3,  1722  ;  Elisha 
and  Elijah,  twins,  April  25,  1724;  Abner, 
March  6,  1726;  James,  .April  25,  1728;  Sus- 
anna. June  2T„  1730;  Ezekiel,  August  2,  1732, 
mentioned  below. 

(V)  Ezekiel.  son  of  Caleb  Huntington,  was 
born  at  Lebanon,  Connecticut,  August  2,  1732. 
He  lived  at  Lebanon,  and  perhaps  for  a  time 
at  Sharon,  Connecticut,  locating  after  the  revo- 
lution at  Stephentown,  Albany  county.  New 
York,  where  he  was  living  in  1790,  according 
to  the  first  federal  census,  with  two  males  over 
sixteen,  two  males  under  sixteen,  and  three 
females  in  his  family.  He  married  twice. 
Children,  born  at  Lebanon :  Joseph,  May  25. 
1758,  was  of  Rensselaerwyck,  New  York,  in 



i/yo;  r.etsey,  Septeml)cr  3,  17(10,  livcil  at 
Cornwallis,  Nova  Scotia  ;  Estlier,  July  5,  1763  ; 
Ezekiel,  Novt-niber,  1764,  settled  at  Stephen- 
town,  and  was  head  of  family  there  in  1790; 
Daniel.  September  6,  1766;  Caleli,  mentioned 

(\'I)  Caleb  (2),  .son  of  Ezekiel  Hunting- 
ton, was  born  at  Sharon,  Connecticut,  October 
4,  1770.  He  was  a  millwright  by  trade,  and 
settled  when  a  young  man  in  (Jtsego  county. 
He  came  to  the  town  of  Me.xico,  New  ^'ork, 
January  15,  1824,  and  was  contractor  and 
builder  of  many  of  the  mills  erected  in  Cen- 
tral New  York.  He  and  his  son  Edwin  own- 
ed and  operated  the  Huntington  Mills,  at  Mex- 
ico. He  married  (first),  in  1795,  Sarah  Joyce, 
who  died  September  13,  1823:  married  (sec- 
ond) Demaris  Wight,  ("aleb  died  in  Mexico. 
October  i,  1839.  Children:  Allen,  born  June 
12,  1797:  Eli,  December  22,  1799;  Harry,  De- 
cember 25,  1801  ;  Edwin,  of  whom  further; 
Willis  l'.,\May  9,  1808;  Lester  11. ;  Sarah  M., 
\o\ember  id,  1812:  Olive  .\..  December  12, 

(\  n  )  Edwin  Huntington,  son  oi  Caleb  (2) 
Huntington,  was  born  in  Burlington,  Otsego 
county,  New  York,  June  I,  1805,  and  died  at 
Mexico,  C)swego  count}',  New  York,  May  20, 
1870.  He  attended  the  common  and  high 
schools  of  the  town  of  Mexico,  and  for  sev- 
eral years  was  a  school  teacher.  He  learned 
the  trade  of  millwright  of  his  father,  with 
whom  he  was  afterward  in  partnership,  own- 
ing and  ciperating  the  Huntington  Mills,  at 
^Mexico.  L'pon  the  death  of  his  father  he  suc- 
ceeded to  the  ownershi])  of  the  mills  and  con- 
ducted them  until  some  ten  years  before  he 
died.  In  connection  with  the  mills  he  had  a 
general  store  in  Mexico,  and  for  many  years 
was  postmaster  there.  In  early  life  he  was  an 
old-line  Whig  in  politics,  afterwards  a  Re- 
publican. He  was  a  prominent  member  of  the 
Methodist  Episco]>al  church,  and  a  member  of 
the  order  of  Sons  of  Temperance.  He  died  May 
20,  1870.  Fie  married,  January  20,  1831,  Mary 
Charity  Gregory,  who  died  July  6,  1834.  He 
married  (second),  in  1835,  Lucy  Ann  Gregory, 
a  sister  of  his  first  wife,  wdio  died  January  i, 
1851.  He  married  (third),  June  3,  1853,  Mar)- 
E.  (Borden)  Hewett,  who  died  in  1881.  Chil- 
dren of  first  wife:  Marion,  born  March  20, 
1832,  died  in  infancy;  Mary  H.,  born  May  10, 
1834.  Children  of  second  wife;  Lester  B. ; 
Edwin  L.,  mentioned  below;  Sarah  H. ;  Lewis 
J.,  born  1846,  enlisted  during  the  civil  war  in 

Battery  L,  Ninth  Regiment  Artillery,  New 
York,  died  in  Washington,  D.  C,  July  9,  1864, 
of  fever  contracted  in  the  Wilderness  cam- 

(\'I11)  Ca])tain  Edwin  L.  Huntington,  son 
iif  Edwin  Huntington,  was  born  in  Mexico, 
New  ^'ork,  July  8,  1839,  and  was  educated  in 
the  public  schools  there  and  in  the  Mexico 
Academy.  Vrnm  1856  to  1858  he  was  in  Wis- 
consin and  Michigan.  In  1861,  when  Presi- 
dent Lincoln  called  for  volunteers,  after  the 
attack  of  Fort  Sumter,  he  was  one  of  the  first 
to  enlist,  and  from  first  to  last  during  the  civil 
war  was  active  in  service.  He  went  to  the 
front  in  the  first  regiment  that  left  the  county, 
being  mustered  in  as  a  private  and  winning 
promotion  from  grade  to  grade  until  he  was 
captain  of  his  company.  He  enlisted  in  Com- 
pany B,  Twenty-fourth  New  York  Volunteer 
Infantry,  First  Brigade  (the  famous  Iron  Bri- 
gade), I-'irst  Division,  First  Army  Corps.  Mr. 
1  luntington  took  part  in  the  following  engage- 
ments during  the  years  1861-63;  Bailey's  Cross 
Roads,  July  25,  1861  ;  h'alls  Church,' October 
8,  18^)1;  Falmouth.  April  17,  1862;  Massa- 
ponax,  August  6,  1862;  Rappahamiock  River, 
.\ngust  22,  1862  ;  (iainesville,  .\ugust  28,  1862  ; 
Sulphur  Springs,  August  29,  i8(>2;  Groveton, 
August  29,  18(12;  I'uU  Run,  August  30,  1862; 
Little  River  Turnpike,  September  i,  1862; 
South  Mountain,  September  14,  1862;  Antie- 
tam,  .Sej)tember  17,  1862;  Fredericksburg,  De- 
cember 14-13,  1862;  Pollock's  Mill  Creek, 
.\pril  29,  i8()3;  Chancellorsville,  May  2-3,  1863. 
At  Chancellorsville  Mr.  Huntington  was  the 
only  private  in  Company  B  to  escape  injury, 
all  the  others  being  wounded  or  killed.  He 
was  slightly  wounded  at  Fredericksburg.  He 
was  honorably  discharged  and  mustered  out 
May  29,  1863.  He  reelisted  in  1863,  and  was 
commissioned  second  lieutenant  in  Captain 
Frank  Sinclair's  Battery  L,  Ninth  New  York 
.Artillery,  and  was  commissioned  captain  July 
6,  1863.  His  regiment  was  in  the  Second  Bri- 
gade, Third  Division,  Sixth  Army  Corps,  and 
took  ])art  in  the  following  engagements  in 
18(14-65;  Cold  Harbor,  May  31  to  June  12, 
1864;  Petersburg,  June  15-19,  1864;  Weldon 
Railroad,  June  21-23,  1864;  Washington,  July 
12-13,  1864;  Charlestown,  August  21,  1864; 
Summit  Point,  August  29,  1864;  Winchester, 
September  19,  1864;  near  Cedar  Creek,  Octo- 
ber 26,  1864;  assault  on  Petersburg  Works, 
March  25,  1864;  fall  of  Petersburg,  April  2, 
1865 ;  Sailors'  Creek,  April  6,  1865,  and  Appo- 



matox  Court  House,  April  9,  1865.  He  was 
slightly  wounded  at  Cedar  Creek.  He  was 
honorably  discharged  and  mustered  out  Sep- 
tember 6,  1865. 

Upon  his  return  from  the  front  Captain 
Huntington  engaged  in  business  as  a  druggist, 
in  the  town  of  Mexico,  and  enjoyed  a  large 
and  flourishing  business  for  a  number  of  years. 
Since  the  war  he  has  been  prominent  in  the 
state  militia  and  in  the  public  service.  In  June, 
1878,  he  organized  a  company  which  was  at- 
tached to  the  Forty-eighth  Regiment,  New- 
York  National  Guard,  commonly  known  as 
the  Huntington  Guards,  and  for  a  period  of 
twelve  years  was  captain.  It  was  composed 
largely  of  veterans  and  won  the  reputation  of 
being  one  of  the  finest  companies  in  the  regi- 
ment. It  was  called  into  service  several  times, 
the  most  important  being  at  the  time  of  the 
railroad  riots  at  Hornellsville  and  otlier  parts 
of  New  York  state.  In  1880  Captain  Hunting- 
ton was  unanimously  nominated  for  the  office 
of  sherifif  of  Oswego  county,  on  the  first  ballot 
in  the  Re]niblican  county  convention,  being  the 
first  nominee  in  the  county  to  receive  the  nomi- 
nation for  this  office  without  a  contest.  He 
was  elected  bv  an  unusually  large  plurality. 
In  1894  he  was  elected  supervisor  of  the  town 
of  Mexico  and  reelected  from  year  to  year 
until  he  had  served  fourteen  years,  and  he  be- 
came one  of  the  most  prominent  members  in 
the  board  of  supervisors  of  the  county.  He 
has  always  been  a  Republican.  His  first  vote 
was  cast  for  Lincoln.  He  was  commander  of 
Melzar  I^ichards  Post,  No.  367,  Grand  Army 
of  the  Republic,  for  twenty-one  years,  and  the 
camp  of  Sons  of  Veterans  in  Mexico  was 
named  for  him.  He  has  always  taken  a  keen 
interest  in  village  improvement,  and  largely 
through  his  energy  and  support  the  electric 
lighting  system  was  secured.  In  the  move- 
ment to  raise  funds  for  the  soldiers'  monu- 
ment he  was  an  earnest  worker.  The  monu- 
ment was  erected  in  the  Mexico  cemetery. 
He  is  a  member  of  Mexico  Lodge,  No.  136, 
Free  Masons,  and  has  been  honored  with  all 
the  offices  in  succession ;  member  of  Mexico 
Oiapter,  No.  135,  Royal  Arch  Masons:  of 
Lake  Ontario  Commandery,  Knights  Templar. 
In  religion  he  is  a  Methodist. 

He  married  (first),  September  i,  1868,  Flor- 
ence A.  Allen,  born  in  Mexico,  died  April  20, 
1888,  daughter  of  Alonzo  .'\llen.  He  married 
(second),  in  1891,  Mary  A.  Tourdot,  born  in 
Mexico,   1862,  daughter  of  Joseph  and  Mary 

Tourdot.  Children:  i.  Edith  L.,  born  July  30, 
1871  :  married,  March  5,  i8gi,  Clinton  E. 
Avery :  child,  l<'lorence  Avery.  2.  Lulu  Adelle, 
born  March  22.  1875  :  married,  June  18,  1902, 
Dr.  L.  D.  Pulsifer,  of  Mexico:  children,  Allen 
Huntington  and  Helen  D.  Pulsifer. 

John  Everts,  or  Evarts,  immi- 
E\'ERTS  grant  ancestor,  was  born  in 
England,  and  settled  early  in 
Concord,  Massachusetts,  of  which  he  was  made 
a  freeman  by  the  general  court  in  March,  1637- 
38.  He  resided  there  several  years,  and  at 
least  two  of  his  children  were  born  there.  He 
removed  to  Guilford,  Connecticut,  and  took  the 
freeman's  oath  in  Connecticut,  February  5. 
1631-52.  In  1655  he  was  defendant  in  two 
civil  suits,  being  then  a  resident  of  (juilford. 
He  purchased  John  Mepham's  allotment  at 
Guilford,  for  twenty-one  pounds,  July  29, 
165 1.  In  1667  he  was  appointed  tithingman. 
He  is  said  to  have  lived  also  at  New  Haven 
for  a  time.  He  died  at  Guilford,  May  9,  1669. 
He  married  (first)  Elizabeth .and  (sec- 
ond). May  zy,  1663,  Elizabeth,  widow  of  John 
Pannelce,  who  died  in  November.  1688.  Chil- 
dren of  first  wife:  John,  born  February  29, 
1639-40,  mentioned  below:  Judah,  October  27, 
1642,  at  Concord;  Daniel,  1643:  James,  1648: 
Elizabeth,  married  Peter  Abbott,  and  was  mur- 
dered by  her  husband  at  Fairfield,  for  which 
offence  he  was  tried,  convicted  and  executed, 
October  16,  1667. 

(II)  John  Everts,  son  of  John  Everts,  or 
Evarts,  was  Ijorn  at  Concord,  February  29, 
1639-40,  died  at  Guilford,  December  28,  1692. 
He  married  (first),  September  14,  1663,  Mary, 
daughter  of  Thoma's  French.  She  died  in  1668, 
and  he  married  (second)  Mary,  daughter  of 
Alexander  Bow,  of  Middletown,  Connecticut. 
She  died  April  25,  1700.  Children  of  first 
wife,  born  at  Guilford:  Mary,  born  August  12, 
1666:  John,  September  16.  1668.  Children  of 
second  wife,  born  at  Guilford:  Hannah,  No- 
vember 12,  1670:  Sarah,  June  4,  1673;  Eliza- 
beth, 1674:  Nathaniel,  mentioned  below;  Me- 
hitable,  February  23,  1678-79:  Ebenezer,  Sep- 
tember 15,  1681  :  Silence,  January  26,  1683-84: 
Patience,  May  14,  1689. 

(III)  Nathaniel,  son  of  John  Everts,  was 
born  at  Guilford,  July  24,  1673,  died  in  May, 
1739.  He  lived  at  East  Guilford,  where  he 
was  assessed,  in  1716,  for  sixty-six  pounds 
seven  shillings  six  pence.  He  married.  May  7, 
1707,  Margaret,  daughter  of  Dr.  Thomas  Hast- 

XF.W   ^■()KK. 


ings,  of  Hatfield,  Massachusetts.  Children, 
born  at  (inilford:  John,  September  21,  1708, 
lived  at  Salisbury  and  New  Haven,  X'ermont; 
Margaret,  August  22,  1710;  Rllijah,  mentioned 
below;  Nathaniel,  May  9,  1719:  Sylvanus, 
March  31,  1721. 

(  I\' )  Elijah,  son  of  Nathaniel  Everts,  was 
born  at  (juilford,  April  4,  1712.  He  probably 
married Ciillette. 

(V)  Samuel  (iillett  Everts,  son  or  nephew 
of  Elijah  Everts,  was  born  at  (juilford,  Janu- 
ary 29,  174A.  Many  of  his  near  relatives  set- 
tled in  \'ermont  and  New  York.  In  1790 
Euther,  Ambrose,  Timothy,  Solomon,  Jesse, 
Jesse  Jr.,  James,  Gilbert  H.,  Edward,  Eber. 
Charles  and  Abner  were  heads  of  families  in 
New  Haven.  Salisbury,  Middlebury,  Sunder- 
land and  other  towns  in  \'ermont.  Many  of 
the  \'ermont  families  afterward  moved  to  New 
York  and  westward.  .\mos,  Jonathan  ami 
Solomon  were  heads  of  families  in  Massachu- 
setts, in  1790,  according  to  the  first  federal 
census.  Luther  Everts,  of  Lanesborough,  and 
Judah  Everts,  of  Stockbridge,  were  soldiers 
from  Massachusetts  in  the  revolution.  Eben- 
ezer  Everts,  a  brother  of  Samuel  Everts,  set- 
tled in  the  town  of  Me.xico,  Oswego  county, 
New  York,  in  1804,  clearing  a  farm  in  the 
southwest  ])art  oi  the  town,  and  had  sons  Fred- 
erick and  I'hilo  Everts.  Saiuuel  Everts  came 
to  Mexico  about  1804  and  settled  on  the  farm 
which  his  descendants  still  own  and  occupy. 
Samuel  married,  September  10,  1771,  .Sarah 
Fuller.  Their  sons  Elijah,  Walter,  Samuel 
and  Luther  Everts  took  up  farms  in  Me.xico. 
Children  of  Samuel  (jillette  and  Sarah  FN-erts : 
Elijah,  Samuel  (mentioned  below),  \VaIter, 
Luther,  Electa,  Sarah,  Asenatli,  (  )live  and 

(\'l )  Samuel,  son  of  Samuel  Cillett  FIverts, 
was  born  in  Connecticut,  September  20,  1780, 
and  came  with  his  father  and  uncle's  family  to 
Mexico.  He  drew  land  and  cleared  a  farm  in 
Mexico  and  besides  following  farming  was  a 
land  surveyor.  He  gave  the  land  for  a  church 
in  his  neighborhood,  now  called  North  Mexico 
church.  He  married  Lucinda  Roberts.  He 
died  at  the  age  of  seventy  years;  his  wife  at 
the  age  of  eighty.  Children:  Myron,  mention- 
ed below ;  Alma,  Matilda,  Milton,  Sarah  and 
Avery,  the  last  dying  in  young  manhood,  the 
others  living  to  an  advanced  age. 

(\'n)  Myron,  son  of  .Samuel  Everts,  was 
born  in  ^lexico,  in  1816,  died  there,  in  1908,  at 
the  age  of  ninety-two.     He  attended  the  com- 

mon schools  of  his  native  town,  and  worked 
during  boyhood  on  his  father's  farm.  On  ac- 
count of  his  father's  illness,  he  had  to  take 
charge  of  the  farm  at  an  early  age,  and  he  fol- 
lowed farming  throughout  his  life.  Fie  was 
a  competent  and  successful  business  man.  In 
jjolitics  he  was  a  Republican.  He  married,  Oc- 
tober 20.  1840,  Lucretia  Matthews,  born  x\pril 
3,  1820,  (lied  in  1892,  daughter  of  Edmund 
Matthews.  Fler  father  was  born  in  Massachu- 
setts, January  3.  1775.  died  September  2.  1848, 
one  of  the  first  settlers  of  Mexico,  t)swego 
county.  New  York;  married  (first),  iMcy 
liruce.  born  .March  11,  1780,  died  October  12, 
1803.  Edmund  Matthews  married  (second), 
December  24.  1806.  Lucy  McLellan,  born  Jan- 
uary 10,  1779,  died  February  2,  1862.  Child 
of  Edmund  and  Lucy  (Bruce)  Matthews: 
Charles  I!.  Matthews,  born  March  27,  1803. 
Children  of  Edmund  and  Lucy  (McLellan) 
.Matthews:  Henry  Matthews,  born  January 
25.  1808,  died  June  24,  1874;  Lucy  Mat- 
thews, born  December  11,  1810.  died  (Jctober 
8,  1861  ;  Pa.schal  P.,  born  August  5,  1812,  died 
in  Chicago,  Illinois,  in  1906,  one  of  the  great 
financiers  of  the  country,  who  achieved  his 
wealth  by  his  own  efforts,  who  married.  May 
I,  1840,  Louisa  Vinton,  born  November  11, 
1809,  anil  had  one  child,  Lucy  .Mice  Matthews., 
born  December  2,  1842,  died  .-\ugust  4,  1882; 
Emery  Matthews,  born  September  12,  1813,. 
died  in  i860;  Lucretia  Matthews,  married 
Myron  Everts,  as  stated  above.  Children  of 
Myron  and  Lucretia  Everts:  Edmund  M.,  men- 
tioned below  ;  Charles  IL,  mentioned  below. 

( VHI)  Edmund  M.,  son  of  Myron  Everts,, 
was  born  June  11,  1850,  in  Mexico,  on  tl'.e  old 
Matthews  homestead.  Fie  attended  the  iwblic 
schools  of  his  native  town  and  th.e  Mexico 
Academy.  For  nearly  fifty  years  he  lived  on 
the  farm  vvdiere  he  was  born  and  followed 
farming  from  his  early  youth.  In  1901  he  re- 
tired from  active  labor  and  since  the:i  he  has 
resided  in  the  village  of  Mexico.  In  ])oIitics 
he  is  a  Republican  ;  in  religion  a  Presbyterian. 
He  married,  September  25,  1879,  Margaret 
Cadby,  born  November  6,  1853,  in  Jefferson 
county.  New  York,  daughter  of  George  and 
Marg,?ret  (Dean)  Cadby.  Fler  father  was 
born  in  England  and  settled  in  Jefferson  county. 
New  York,  when  a  young  man.  Children  of 
Mr.  and  Mrs.  Everts:  i.  Paschal  P.,  born  July 
I,  1880,  educated  in  the  public  scl.oi  L  and  a 
graduate  of  Mexico  Academy  and  Columbia 
College,  a  pharmacist  in  New  York  City :  mar- 



ried,  June  28,  1905,  Mrs.  Ella  (Sherman) 
Mabey.  2.  Ethel  Lucretia,  February  9,  1888, 
a  graduate  from  the  Mexico  high  school  and 
academy,  also  a  graduate  of  the  State  Normal 
School,  at  Oswego,  now  a  kindergarten  teacher. 
(\'III)  Charles  H.,  second  son  of  Myron 
Everts,  was  born  in  Mexico,  April  20,  1854, 
and  was  brought  up  on  the  old  Matthews  home- 
stead on  which  he  was  born.  He  attended  the 
public  schools,  Mexico  Academy  and  the  State 
Normal  School,  at  Oswego.  After  completing 
his  education  he  engaged  in  farming  and 
other  occupations.  He  is  a  member  of  the 
Mexico  Lodge,  No.  136,  Free  and  Accepted 
Masons;  of  Mexico  Chapter,  No.  135,  Royal 
Arch  Masons ;  of  Ontario  Lake  Command- 
ery.  Knights  Templar,  of  Oswego;  of  Media 
Temple,  Mystic  Shrine,  of  W'atertown ;  of  the 
Citizens  Club,  of  Syracuse.  In  politics  he  is  a 
Republican.  He  married,  December  29,  1883, 
Emma  E.  Aird,  born  in  Richland,  Oswego 
county.  New  York,  March  15,  1854,  daughter 
of  Robert  and  F'hilinda  (Tyler)  Aird.  Her 
father  was  born  in  New  Y'ork  state,  son  of 
Matthew  Aird,  who  was  born  in  Scotland,  and 
came  to  New  York  soon  after  1800.  Matthew 
Aird  married  Sarah  Howard  (see  Howard  V). 
Robert  Aird  was  a  soldier  in  the  civil  war, 
serving  three  years  in  the  One  Hundred  and 
Tenth  New  York  Regiment,  \'olunteer  Infan- 
try, and  is  a  member  of  the  Grand  Army,  the 
Free  Masons,  of  the  Methodist  Episcopal 
church,  and  a  Republican  in  politics ;  married 
Philinda  Tyler,  born  in  Pulaski,  Oswego  coun- 
ty. New  Y'ork,  daughter  of  William  and  Ruha- 
mah  ( Morton )  Tyler,  of  New  Haven,  (L)swego 
county,  previously  of  Connecticut.  William 
Tyler  was  a  farmer  at  New  Haven,  and  a 
soldier  in  the  war  of  1812.  Child  of  Mr.  and 
Mrs.  Charles  H.  Everts:  Myron  Aird,  born 
1887,  died  aged  two  months. 

(The  Howard  Line). 

(I)  Henry  Howard,  immigrant  ancestor, 
was  doubtless  born  in  England,  and  he  settled 
early  at  Wethersfield,  Connecticut.  He  also 
lived  at  Hartford.  He  was  a  malster  by  trade. 
He  was  born  probably  in  1623.  His  will  was 
proved  .\pril  4,  1709.  His  inventory  amounted 
to  five  hundred  and  thirty-one  pounds  fourteen 
shillings  six  pence.  He  married,  at  Hartford. 
September  28,  1648,  Sarah  Stone.  Children : 
Mary,  born  1651  :  Sarah,  1633  :  Elizabeth,  i()56  ; 
John  and  Lydia  (twins)  ;  Mary;  Samuel,  men- 
tioned below. 

(11)  Samuel,  son  of  Henry  Howard,  was 
born  in  Hartford  or  Wethersfield,  about  1660, 
died  in  1716.  His  inventory  dated  May  30, 
17 16,  amounted  to  two  thousand  two  hundred 
and  five  pounds  seventeen  shillings  and  seven 
pence.  His  will  was  tlated  F'ebruary  23,  1716, 
proved  August  17  following.  He  was  a  pros-« 
perous  shop  keeper  or  merchant  at  Hartford. 
He  married  Susanna  .  Children,  men- 
tioned in  the  will,  the  daughters  being  minors : 
.Samuel,  mentioned  below ;  Susanna,  Abigail 
and  Ruth. 

(  III  )  .Samuel  (2  ),  son  of  Samuel  ( i  )  How- 
ard, was  born  in  Hartford,  about  1690.  He 
and  his  mother  were  executors  of  his  father's 
will  in  1716,  and  he  inherited  house,  land  and 
business  at  Hartford.  He  was  in  business  in 
Hartford.  He  died  there  in  1749.  His  inven- 
tory shows  an  estate  valued  at  four  thousand 
four  hundred  pounds,  January  12.  1749-50. 
His  widow  Alice  sold  real  estate  in  1751  and 
the  estate  was  distributed  in  that  year.  She 
was  appointed  administratrix,  March  22,  1749- 
50.  He  had  only  one  son,  Samuel,  and  several 
daughters,  whose  names  are  not  known. 

( I\'')  Samuel  (3),  son  of  Samuel  (2)  How- 
ard, was  born  about  1720.  He  received  a 
double  share  from  his  father's  estate  in  175 1. 
Sons  :  Samuel,  mentioned  below  ;  James  ;  Ben- 
jamin ;  Daniel. 

(\  )  Samuel  (4),  son  of  Samuel  (3)  How- 
ard, was  born  at  Hartford,  and  removed  to 
Benson,  Rutland  county,  \'ermont,  according 
to  the  history  of  that  town,  with  several 
brothers.  In  1790  Samuel  Howard,  of  Ben- 
son, had  one  son  under  sixteen  and  three 
females  in  his  family,  accortling  to  the  first 
federal  census;  his*  brother  James  had  two 
sons  under  sixteen  and  tvv'o  females,  and  his 
brother  Benjamin  two  males  over  sixteen, 
three  under  that  age  and  two  females.  His 
brother  James  was  deacon  of  the  Benson  Con- 
gregational Church  in  1797,  and  died  in  1831, 
aged  sixty-eight.  All  of  the  brothers  lived  on 
Howard  Hill.  Sanuiel,  James,  Daniel  and  prob- 
ably Benjamin.  Samuel  Howard  was  a  soldier 
in  the  revolution  in  Captain  James  Davis's 
company  in  1781,  in  Connecticut,  and  went  to 
Vermont  about  1785.  He  was  selectman  of 
Benson  from  1791  to  1795;  in  1800,  from  1806 
to  1 81 6;  and  represented  the  town  in  the  state 
legislature  in  1815  and  1823.  He  died  there 
in  .'\pril,  183 1,  aged  seventy  years.  His  son. 
Major  Edward  S.  Howard,  was  an  active  an-d 
successful    man    in    lienson,    representative   to 

XEW  Y(  )RK. 


the  legislature  in  1S42.  died  June  7,  1863,  aged 
seventy-two  years.  Sarah  lloward,  daughter 
of  Samuel  llovvard,  married  Matthew  Aird  and 
settled  in  Xew  York  state;  her  son,  Rohert 
Aird,  married  I'hilinda  Tyler  and  their  daugh- 
ter, Emma  E.  Aird,  married,  in  1883,  Charles 
H.  Evarts  (see  Evarts  VIII). 

Christopher  (Goodwin,  the  im- 
GOODWIX  migrant  ancestor,  was  horn 
in  luigland  and  settled  in 
C'harlestown,  Massachusetts,  wdiere  his  wife 
Mar}-  was  admitted  to  the  church,  August  9, 
1656.  He  was  a  mason  by  trade.  He  ilied 
there,  according  to  his  gravestone,  January  22, 
1682,  aged  sixty-five  years.  Children :  En- 
sign Nathaniel,  deputy  to  general  court  from 
Charlestown.  removed  to  Reading,  where  his 
son,  John  was  a  prominent  citizen  :  Christo- 
pher, mentioned  below  ;  John,  iiad  son  John, 
not  one  mentioned  below  ;  Mary,  married,  1672, 
\\'illiam  ISrown;  Elizabeth,  born  March  13. 
1659:  Timothy,  bajitized  June  8,  1662. 

(II)  Christopher  (2),  son  of  Christopher 
(i)  Goodwin,  was  born  in  1647,  according  to 
his  deposition,  1682,  giving  his  age  as  thirty- 
five.  He  was  like  his  father,  a  mason  by  trade. 
He  and  his  wife  were  admitted  to  the  Charles- 
town  church,.  March  18,  1676-77.  He  married 
(first).  May  11.  1672,  Mercy  Crouch,  who  died 
July,  1678,  aged  twenty-five  ;  (  second  ),  Decem- 
ber 10,  1678,  Joanna  Johnson.  Children  (jf 
first  wife:  Mary,  born  December  15,  1672; 
Hannah,  baptized  April  30.  1676;  Mercy,  bap- 
tized June  6,  1680.  Children  of  second  wife: 
Deborah,  baptized  June  6,  1680:  Christo^jher, 
baptized  r)ctober  8.  1681  :  John,  mentioned 

(III)  John,  son  of  Christopher  (2)  Good- 
win, was  born  about  1683-85,  in  Charlestown. 
He  resided  in  Boston,  Cambridge,  Maiden  and 
Charlestown.  He  was  a  housewright  by  trade, 
and  left  a  large  estate  for  his  day.  He  mar- 
ried   (first)   :    (second)    Lydia 

Sprague,  November  25,  1714:  (third),  Sep- 
tember 3,  1751,  Margaret  Gibbs,  who  died  in 
1759,  probably  a  Prentiss  of  Cambridge.  He 
was  taxed  in  Charlestown  1727-48;  was  of 
Cambridge  in  1724.  His  son  Edw^ard  was  ap- 
pointed administrator  February  19,  1753.  He 
owne'l  land  to  the  eastward  with  the  Plymouth 
Land  Company.  His  widow  Margaret  was  tax- 
ed in  1756.  Children  :  Edward  ;  John,  men- 
tioned below;  Samuel, born  March  16,  1716-17. 

(I\')  John  (2),  son  of  John  (ij  Goodwin, 

was  born  about  1710.  and  was  baptized,  an 
adult,  November  2,  1736.  at  Charlestown.  He 
was  also  a  housewright.  He  was  a  soldier  in 
the  revolution,  a  private  in  Captain  Sanford's 
company,  enlisting  January  11,  1777,  Colonel 
Phili|}  I').  ISradley's  regiment,  from  Connecti- 
cut ;  also  in  Captain  Jcinathan  Rudd's  com- 
[lany.  Colonel  Chapman's  regiment,  August 
2,  to  September  12,  1778;  also  in  an  inde- 
pendent company  from  Lebanon,  Connecticut, 
in  Twelfth  Regiment,  under  Cajitain  John. 
\aughan.  He  married  (first).  April  8,  1736, 
Ann  Davison,  who  died  June  14,  1752,  aged 
according  to  her  gravestone,  thirty-seven  years. 
He  married  (second)  (intentions  dated  March 
I.  1753),  Anna  Cox.  of  Boston.  He  was  tax- 
ed in  Charlestown,  \j2y-2[j.  In  1770  he  deed- 
eil  land  on  Bow  street,  formerly  owned  by  his 
father.  His  widow  had  a  claim  for  loss  on 
account  of  the  battle  of  Bunker  Hill.  Chil- 
dren, born  and  baptized  at  Charlestown:  John, 
horn  November  j^.  1726,  Baptismal  dates: 
Ann,  .\pril  2;^.  1738:  Samuel,  December  30, 
1739;  Sarah,  February  21,  1742;  David,  Octo- 
ber 19,  1744;  Jonathan,  mentioned  below; 
Hannah,  May  2-.  1730;  William,  October  12, 
1735;  Elizabeth,  November  2~.  1737;  Rebecca, 
February  24,  1760;  Mary,  August  9,  1761  ; 
Abigail,  January   i,   1 7^)3. 

I  \' )  Jonathan,  son  of  John  (2)  Goodwin, 
was  born  at  Charlestown.  in  May,  1747,  and 
baptized  there,  July  26,  1747.  He  married,  in 
1768,  .Anna  Clark.'  He  and  his  brother  Will- 
iam located  at  Lebanon,  Connecticut.  In  171)0 
the  first  federal  census  shows  that  Jonathan 
had  two  males  over  sixteen,  one  under  that 
age.  and  two  females  ;  William  had  a  son  under 
sixteen  and  four  females,  wliile  .Samuel,  a  son 
of  Jt)nathan  or  William,  had  one  son  under 
si>  teen  and  two  females. 

(  \'I  )  Rev.  Jonathan  (2)  Goodwin,  son  of 
Jonathan  (  i  )  (ioodwin,  w'as  born  about  1770, 
in  Lebanon.  Connecticut,  or  came  there  with 
his  ])arents.  He  became  a  minister  of  the 
Bajjtist  church.  In  June.  1810,  a  committee 
was  appointed  by  the  church  at  Mansfield, 
Connecticut,  to  arrange  for  the  calling  of  Mr. 
(Goodwin,  and  he  preached  there  for  eighteen 
}'ears.  After  he  was  dismissed  from  Mans- 
field he  removed  to  Middletown,  Connecticut, 
to  the  \\'estfield  Society.  He  preached  for 
forty  years,  anil  was  well  known  and  highly 
respected.  In  1830  he  founded  the  Baptist 
church  at  Mexico,  New  York,  and  preached 
there  as  its  pastor  for  five  years,  after  which 



he  returned  to  Connecticut.  He  married  Alary 
Cheever,  who  died  in  1825.  He  married  (sec- 
ond), in  1826,  Sarah  Wilcox,  who  died  in 
1829;  (third)  Abigail  Wilcox,  in  1835.  He 
died  at  Mexico,  aged  eighty  years.  Children  : 
Mar)';  Alilo;  Calvin,  mentioned  below;  I'hilo; 
Lucinda  ;  Jonathan,  born  at  Alansfield,  lulv  i. 

(Vn )  Calvin,  son  of  Rev.  Jonathan  (2) 
Goodwin,  was  born  in  Lebanon,  Connecticut, 
December,  1800.  He  was  educated  in  the 
public  schools  in  Connecticut.  In  1828  he  came 
to  Mexico,  New  York,  and  settled  on  a  farm, 
which  is  now  the  site  of  the  village  of  Mexico. 
He  continued  to  follow  farming  until  1855, 
when  he  retired.  He  held  various  offices  of 
trust  and  responsibility.  For  many  years  he 
was  a  trustee  of  the  Baptist  church.  He  died 
in  Mexico,  in  1869.  He  married  (,  at 
Mansfield,  Coimecticut.  December  16,  1824, 
Emily  Hinckley,  born  there,  in  1802,  died  at 
Mexico,  1845.  He  married  (second)  Rhoda 
Druce,  died  in  1887.  Chiklrcn  of  first  wife: 
Josiah  Austin,  born  at  Mansfield,  September 
15,  1825;  Joseoh  Clark;  Henry;  George  H., 
mentioned  below ;  Lucia ;  Louisa.  The  two 
youngest  died  in  infancy,  and  George  H.  was 
the  only  survivor  in  191 1,  in  which  year  he  died. 

(VIII)  George  H.,  son  of  Calvin  Goodwin, 
was  born  in  Mexico,  New  York,  December  15, 
1833.  He  attended  the  public  schools  and  the 
Mexico  Academy.  He  studied  law  in  the 
offices  of  Judge  Cyrus  Whitney,  of  Orville 
Robinson  and  James  Noxon,  and  was  gradu- 
ated from  the  Albany  Law  School,  in  the  class 
of  1856.  He  practiced  his  profession  in  Os- 
wego county  and  in  the  state  of  California 
for  several  years,  but  was  afterwards  diverted 
in  some  degree  from  the  law  by  ill  health  and 
the  cares  devolving  upon  him  in  the  settle- 
ment of  various  estates,  and  in  recent  years 
gave  more  time  to  business  and  literature  than 
to  his  profession.  He  formerly  took  a  keen 
interest  in  politics  and  held  many  offices  of 
trust  and  honor.  He  was  chairman  of  the 
Democratic  county  committee  many  years,  and 
was  fre(|uently  chosen  delegate  to  state  and 
other  nominating  conventions  of  his  party.  In 
1879  he  was  president  of  the  incorporated 
village  of  Mexico,  and,  in  1883,  supervisor  of 
the  town,  being  the  only  Democrat,  with  one 
exception,  that  had  been  elected  supervisor  of 
the  town  for  fifty  years  or  more.  Mr.  Good- 
win traveled  extensively  both  in  this  country 
and  al)n  1,-1(1.  In  1882  he  \'isited  Ireland,  Englancl, 

France,  Italy,  Switzerland,  Germany,  Belgium 
and  Holland.  In  1889  he  made  a  more  ex- 
tended tour  in  the  east,  ascending  the  Nile 
river,  visiting  Palestine,  Syria,  Turkey,  Greece, 
and  many  islands  in  the  Mediterranean  Sea. 
i  le  has  traveled  in  almost  every  part  of  North 
.America.  W'hile  he  was  abroad  he  wrote  a 
series  of  letters  that  were  published  in  the 
local  newspapers  and  widely  copied  in  the 
newspapers  of  the  state.  In  recent  years  he 
silent  the  winters  in  California.  His  courtesy 
and  kindliness  of  manner,  his  social  qualities 
and  broad  culture  explain  in  some  degree  his 
popularity.  Vew  men  in  the  county,  if  any, 
were  as  well  known  and  highly  esteemed.  He 
married,  June,  1883,  Adelaide  E.  Alfred,  died 
April  II,  1884,  daughter  of  Charles  L.  Webb, 
of  Mexico.  Their  only  child,  Mabel  A.,  died 
.September  28,  1884. 

John    Richardson,    immi- 
RICHARDSOX     grant  ancestor. came  from 

England  about  1636  and 
settled  in  Watertown,  where  he  had  a  grant 
of  land  in  the  Beaver  Brook  Plowlands,  within 
the  present  city  of  Waltham.  His  name  is  not 
found  in  Watertown  after  1643,  as  he  doubt- 
less emigrated  from  there  with  many  others. 
There  was  a  John  Richardson  in  Exeter,  New 
Hampshire,  in  1642.  but  he  did  not  continue 
there.  It  seems  probable  that  he  was  inijili- 
cated  in  the  .Antimomian  controversy  in  1637, 
which  wt)uld  account  for  his  leaving  Water- 
town  in  1637,  and  if  he,  being  an  ardent,  im- 
pulsive, indiscreet  young  man.  was  a  favorer 
of  the  Rev.  Air.  Wheelwright,  it  is  quite  likely 
that  he  followed  the  latter  to  Exeter,  and  later 
to  W^ells.  Alaine,  where  Air.  Wheelwright  had 
])urchased  about  five  hunilred  acres  of  land,  in 
April,  1643.  Here  a  church  was  formed  with 
Wheelwright  as  its  pastor,  and  Richardson 
doubtless  was  one  of  its  members.  John  Rich- 
ardson, of  Exeter,  had  a  wife  there,  Hannah 
Tryer,  or  Truair.  It  is  safe  to  conclude  that 
this  John  Richardson  who  came  to  Watertown 
and  was  afterwards  in  Exeter  and  later  \\'ells. 
Alaine,  was  the  father  of  John,  who  appears 
in  the  latter  place  in  1673,  and,  in  1679,  mar- 
ried Rebecca  Clark,  of  Medfield,  Alassachu- 
setts.  There  is  no  mention  of  the  Aledfield 
Richardsons  until  1679. 

(H)  John  (2),  son  of  John  (i)  Richard- 
son, was  born  about  1(150,  in  \\'ells,  Alaine. 
and  married,  Alay  i.  1678-79,  Rebecca,  daugh- 
ter of  Joseph  and  Alice  (Pepper)  Clark,  born 



August  16,  iUm.  in  Aledfielil.  died  I-Vbruary 
17-  173S-39.  in  Slierborn,  Massachusetts.  She 
married  (second)  John  Hill,  of  the  latter  place. 
John  Richardson  first  appears  in  Medfield,  in 
1676,  when  he  was  credited  with  a  month's 
service  in  the  Medfield  garrison.  In  1678  he 
had  a  grant  of  land  from  the  town  on  the  west 
side  of  the  river.  February  21,  1675,  Medfield 
was  attacked  by  five  hundred  Indians  and  fifty 
buildings  antl  two  mills  were  destroyed  and 
twenty  people  killed.  During  this  time  John 
Richardson  was  doubtless  in  Maine,  but  after 
the  death  of  King  Philip,  in  August,  1676,  the 
war  ceased  in  Massachusetts,  but  continued  to 
rage  in  Maine,  and  he  then  moved  to  Medfield. 
His  home  there  was  very  near  the  present  village 
of  East  Medway,  which  was  up  to  171 3  a  part 
of  Medfield.  He  was  a  cordwainer  by  trade 
and  cultivated  a  small  farm  of  less  than  fifty 
acres.  He  was  a  member  of  the  MedfieKl 
church  before  1697,  as  was  also  his  wife.  He 
died  there  May  29,  1697,  about  fifty  years  of 
age.  No  will  is  founfl  on  record,  and  he  pos- 
sessed but  little  property.  The  inventory  of 
his  estate,  February  22,  1699,  included  a  home- 
stead of  twenty-six  acres,  with  orchard  and 
buildings,  valued  at  thirty  pounds,  eight  acres 
of  meadow  near  Boggastovv  Brook,  and  ten 
acres  of  upland  and  swamp  near  Bear  Hill. 
Powers  of  administration  were  granted  his 
widow,  July  18,  1700.  Children:  John,  men- 
tioned below  ;  Elizabeth,  born  September  24, 
1681  ;  Daniel,  August  31,  1685;  Joseph,  1687; 
Mehitable,  June  16,  1689;  Benjamin,  1693; 
Rebecca,  February  28,  1696-97. 

(HI)  John  (3),  son  of  John  (2)  Richard- 
son, was  born  in  Medfield,  now  Medway.  April 
25.  1679.  He  was  a  cordwainer,  but  later  be- 
came a  husbandman,  and  was  also  a  carpenter. 
He  refused  the  real  estate  left  him  by  his 
father,  which  was  accepted  by  his  brother  Dan- 
iel. He  owned  considerable  land,  as  shown 
in  various  deeds.  He  and  his  wife  sold  to 
Nathaniel  Fairbank,  of  Wrentham,  two  parcels 
of  land  in  Wrentham.  For  two  hundred 
pounds  he  sold  to  his  son  Moses  of  Medway 
forty  acres  of  land  in  Medway.  He  died  in 
Medfield,  now  East  Aledway,  May  19,  1759, 
and  his  son  John  was  appointed,  February  13, 
1761,  his  administrator.  He  married,  about 
1699,  Esther,  daughter  of  John  Brack,  of  Mod- 
field,  born  there,  1679:  died  of  cancer,  x\ugust 
17,  1774.  Children:  Sarah,  born  April  25, 
1700:  John,  C)ctober  22,  1701  ;  David,  June 
10,  1703,  died  March  2^,  1723-24;  Jonathan, 

February  i,  1704-05  ;  Esther,  January  2,  1706- 
07;  Mary,  September  9,  1709;  Joseph,  April 
3,  171 1  ;  Samuel,  January  3, 1713-14;  Solomon, 
mentioned  below;  Moses,  February  8,  1717; 
Asa,  October  16.  1720;  David,  December  6, 

(  I\ J  Solomon,  son  of  John  (3)  Richard- 
son, was  born  April  21,  1716,  and  died  Novem- 
ber, 1771.  He  married,  at  Medway,  Rebecca 
Alann.  Children,  born  at  Medway:  Amasa, 
March  8,  1744;  Sarah,  October  24,  1746;  Asa, 
September  25,  1752;  Oliver,  mentioned  below. 

(V)  Oliver,  son  of  Solomon  Richardson, 
was  born  in  Medway,  August  12,  1754.  He 
appears  to  be  the  Oliver  Richardson  who  set- 
tled .1  Oneida  county  probably  after  1790,  and 
removed  later  to  Oswego  county.  New  York. 
Children:  Oliver;  Reuben;  John  M.,  mention- 
ed below ;  Alvin ;  Edward.  Alvin  was  an 
assemblyman  of  New  Y'ork  state  from  Oswego 

(VI)  John  M.,  son  of  Oliver  Richardson, 
was  born  about  1775.  He  settled  in  Mexico, 
New  York,  and,  in  1838,  represented  his  dis- 
trict in  the  state  assembly.  He  cleared  a  farm 
in  the  wilderness  at  what  is  now  Mexico. 

(\'I1)  Alvin,  son  of  John  AI.  Richardson, 
was  born  about  1800,  in  Massachusetts,  and 
came  with  the  family  when  a  child  to  C)swego 
county.  He  was  apprenticed  to  a  blacksmith, 
and  followed  this  trade  many  years.  He  be- 
came one  of  the  leading  men  of  the  town,  for 
many  years  was  justice  of  the  peace  and  a 
faithful  town  officer  and  magistrate;  in  1868 
he  represented  the  town  in  the  state  assem- 
bly. He  married  Nancy  Douglass.  He  died 
in  1883,  at  the  age  of  eighty-three  years;  his 
wife  died  in  the  70's.  He  had  a  large  family, 
who  all  (lied  young  excepting  Charles  H.,  men- 
tioned below. 

(  Mil )  Charles  H.,  son  of  Alvin  Richard- 
son, was  born  in  Mexico,  New  York,  in  1823. 
In  his  youth  he  attended  the  public  schools  and 
worked  on  a  farm.  He  also  attended  the 
Mexico  Academy.  His  occu[)ation  through 
life  was  farming,  and  he  lived  in  his  native 
town.  He  was  a  member  of  the  Icjcal  lodge  of 
Odd  Fellows,  a  Baptist  in  religion,  and  a  Re- 
publican in  politics.  He  married  Eliza  H. 
Skinner,  born  in  1833,  died  in  1880,  daugh- 
ter of  Hon.  Avery  Skinner  (see  .Skinner). 

( IX)  Webster  M..  only  child  of  Charles  H. 
Richardson,  was  born  in  Mexico,  New  York, 
August  25,  1853.  He  attended  the  public 
schools  of  his  native  town  and  Mexico  Acad- 



emy.  During  his  boyhood  he  worked  at  farm- 
ing, and  continued  to  make  farming  his  occu- 
pation when  a  young  man.  He  was  active  in 
poHtics  and  town  affairs,  and,  in  1880,  was  ap- 
pointed notary  public.  He  came  to  the  village 
of  Mexico  in  1884,  and  has  lived  there  since. 
For  twelve  years  he  was  justice  of  the  peace, 
and  largely  occupied  with  his  duties  as  mag- 
istrate and  member  of  the  town  board.  For 
eleven  years  he  was  clerk  of  the  incorporated 
village  of  Mexico.  Since  August  i,  1899, 
he  has  been  postmaster  of  Mexico,  having 
been  appointed  by  President  McKinley  and 
reappointed  by  President  Roosevelt.  In  poli- 
tics he  is  a  Republican.  He  is  a  member  of 
Mexico  Lodge,  No.  136,  Free  Masons;  of 
Mexico  Chapter,  No.  135,  Royal  Arch  Masons  ; 
of  the  Order  of  the  Eastern  Star.  He  attends 
the  Presbyterian  church.  He  married,  April 
II,  1875,  Ida  A.  Bettinger,  born  February  27, 
1858,  daughter  of  Hiram  and  Ruth  (Rose) 
Bettinger,  of  Oswego  county.  Children:  i. 
Matie  E.,  died  aged  one  year.  2.  Alvin  W., 
born  Mav  24,  1878,  assistant  postmaster;  mar- 
ried Sadie  Eason  ;  children  :  Robert  and  Velma. 
3.  Charles  H.,  bom  May  19,  1884;  now  in  the 
employ  of  the  American  Express  Company  at 

Phineas  Osborn  was  probably  a 
OSBORN  native  of  Vermont,  who  settled 
in  Herkimer  county,  New  York, 
and  removed  thence  to  Clayton,  Jeft'erson  coun- 
ty, New  York,  in  1817.  His  farm  in  Clayton 
was  about  three  miles  northwest  of  the  fjlls, 
three  miles  north  of  Depauville,  on  what  was 
known  as  "Elm  Flats."  He  married  Ann  Frame, 
and  they  ha<l  children  :  Caroline,  Clarissa,  Eliza, 
Mary,  Eleanor,  Duane,  Daniel  Webster,  Will- 
iam, Phineas  Alden  and  Orlando.  Another 
source  of  information  gives  Thomas  Schuyler. 
The  home  of  the  family  in  Vermont  has  not 
been  located,  but  it  may  be  said  that  the  first 
federal  census  of  Vermont,  taken  in  1790, 
gives  the  names  of  these  heads  of  family,  John, 
Joseph,  Lemuel;  Benjamin,  of  Tinmouth ; 
Isaac,  of  Pittsford. 

(II)  Orlando,  son  of  Phineas  Osborn,  was 
born  in  Clayton,  Jefferson  county.  New  York. 
May  II,  1835.  He  attended  the  district  school 
in  his  native  town,  anil  at  an  early  age  began 
to  learn  the  trade  of  miller  in  the  old  mill  at 
Depauville.  For  several  years  he  followed  his 
trade  in  Jefferson  county  and  then  in  Kansas 
and  .Arizona,  remaining  in  the  west  for  sixteen 

years.  In  1898  he  returned  to  New  York  state, 
and  in  partnership  with  his  son,  W.  H.  Os- 
born, purchased  the  mills  at  Woodville  and  the 
\'alley  Mills  in  Madison  county,  New  York, 
and  he  continued  in  business  to  the  end  of  his 
life.  He  died  January  6,  1905.  In  politics  he 
was  a  Republican,  in  religion  a  Universalist. 
He  married,  December  2^,  1858,  Elizabeth 
Faire.  wlio  was  born  in  Clayton.  September  3, 
1836,  daughter  of  Thomas  and  Alargaret 
(  Bearon )  Faire.  Her  father  was  born  in 
Dublin,  Ireland,  of  English  parentage,  and  was 
a  iarge  landowner  in  Dublin.  He  came  to 
Canada  in  the  British  army  and  when  his  term 
of  service  expired,  he  settled  at  Clayton  and 
followed  farming,  and  for  many  years  worked 
in  the  .\shery,  Margaret  Bearon  was  a  native 
of  France  and  came  with  her  father's  family 
to  settle  in  Montreal,  Canada.  The  chiUlren 
of  Thomas  and  Margaret  (Bearon)  Faire 
were  :  William  ;  Mary  ;  Elizabeth  ;  Juliann  ; 
Marcella,  who  died  young;  Junia ;  Alice  Mar- 
cella ;  Joseph,  who  died  young ;  Ella  and  Lu- 
cinda.  Mr.  Faire  died  April  13,  1890,  and 
his  widow  died  in  the  following  year. 

Children  of  ( )rlando  and  Elizabeth  (  Faire  j 
Osborn  :  Clara  ;  Lorantine  ;  DeWitt  Clinton  ; 
William  H.,  mentioned  below  ;  P'rederick  ;  Eva, 
and  Charles,  the  latter  died  in  infancy. 

(HI)  William  H.,  son  of  Orlando  Osborn, 
was  born  in  Cape  Vincent,  Jefferson  county. 
New  York,  .August  16,  1864.  He  worked  in 
the  mill  with  his  father  during  his  boyhood. 
His  schooling  was  very  limited  even  for  those 
days.  When  he  was  fifteen  he  went  to  work 
in  a  mill  owned  by  his  uncle,  Phineas  .\lden 
Osborn,  at  Dexter,  New  York,  and  afterward 
worked  for  two  years  for  A.  H.  Herrick  & 
Son,  at  Watertow'n.  New  York.  .After  an- 
other year  in  the  employ  of  his  uncle  at  Dexter 
and  four  years  in  the  employ  of  Farwell  & 
Rhines,  of  Watertown,  he  entered  upon  a  busi- 
ness career  on  his  own  account.  He  had  ac- 
c|uired  a  broad  and  detailed  knowledge  of  the 
lousiness  and  a  wide  and  diversified  experience, 
entirely  through  his  own  efforts  and  perse- 
verance. In  1891  he  bought  the  old  Bryant 
mill  at  the  village  of  Evans  Mills,  New  York, 
and  contluctcd  it  until  he  sold  it  in  1895.  Two 
months  later,  in  May,  1895,  he  bought  the  old 
S.  H.  Pitcher  mill,  at  -Adams,  New  York,  and 
conducted  it  three  years.  In  1896,  in  partner- 
ship with  his  father,  he  bought  the  Woodville 
Mill.  In  March,  1898,  he  bought  the  .Almerion 
N.  Thomas  mill,  in  Alexico.   New  York,  an<l 


conducted  it  until  May  i8,  1910.  In  tlic  mean- 
time he  also  bought  a  half  interest  in  the  Pots- 
dam Mills  and  iield  this  interest  for  three  years, 
and  in  addition  to  his  various  sawmill  prop- 
erties, he  had  organized  the  Wright  &  Osborn 
Lumber  Company  and  had  an  extensive  busi- 
ness in  lumber  and  in  building  and  contracting. 
Before  he  sold  his  mill,  Mr.  Osborn  had  bought 
a  half  interest  in  the  Wilson  Canning  Com- 
pany, with  factories  at  Mexico,  in  Oswego 
county ;  Taberg.  Oneida  county,  and  at  Rush, 
Monroe  county.  The  comjiany  also  has  a 
leased  factory  at  Taberg.  The  business  of  the 
concern  is  extensive  and  among  the  largest  in 
this  line  in  northern  New  York,  having  a  total 
capacity  of  two  million  five  hundred  thousand 
cans  of  fruits  and  vegetables  per  annum,  and 
the  plant  is  run  to  its  full  caj^acity.  He  is 
also  the  treasurer  of  the  Wilson  Canning  Com- 
pany ;  vice-president  of  the  Citizens  National 
Bank,  of  Adams,  and  formerly  vice-president 
of  the  Majestic  Furniture  Coni[)any.  In  all 
liis  various  investments  and  enterprises  he  has 
been  highly  successful,  possessing  the  execu- 
tive ability  and  business  sagacity  to  bring  pros- 
perity to  every  undertaking,  an<l  is  noted  for 
iiis  fair  and  scjuare  business  methods.  Though 
an  exceedingly  busy  man,  he  has  never  neglect- 
ed the  recreations  and  diversions  necessary  for 
a  healthy  mind  and  body.  He  is  fond  of  driv- 
ing and  has  raised  and  owned  some  fine  horses, 
among  which  may  be  mentioned :  "Colonel  Os- 
born," with  a  record  of  2:o8'4:  "Mohonk." 
2:25;  "Prodigal  Queen."  z-.z^^y^;  "Miss  Bar- 
ney," 2:i3'4:  "John  Engart,"  three-year-old, 
2:21 '4.  and  many  others.  In  ]iolitics  he  is  a 

He  married  (first).  April  5.  1888,  Mary  C. 
Casler.  of  Dexter.  Jefferson  county,  daughter 
of  Melza  and  Lydia  Casler.  She  died  October 
31.  1895.  ^nd  he  married  (second).  June  27, 
1900,  Lillian  M.  Ingersoll.  who  was  born  at 
Palermo.  Oswego  county.  New  York.  Ajiril  i. 
1 87 1,  daughter  of  Alonson  and  Lydia  (Jen- 
nings) Ingersoll.  Children  by  first  wife  :  Leon 
C'.,  born  November  25,  1890.  now  manager  of 
the  Rush  Canning  Factory;  Gaylord  F..  born 
September  11,  1894;  Kent  M..  October  i,  1895, 
died  November  13,  1897. 

The  Lockwoods  of  Amer- 
LOCKWOOD     ica,  descendants  of  Robert 

and  Edmund  Lockwood. 
who  came  in  Governor  W'inthrop's  fleet,  are  of 
English  lineage.     The  Lockwood  arms,  as  de- 

rived from  Rev.  Richard  Lockwood,  rector  of 
Dingle)-  Church,  Northampton  county,  in  1530. 
are:  "Argent,  a  fesse  between  three  martlets 
sable."  Crest :  "On  the  stump  of  an  oak  tree 
erased  proper  a  martlet  sable."  Motto:  "Tutus 
in  L'ndis"  (secure  against  the  waves). 

The  line  herein  recorded  begins  with  Rob- 
ert Lockwood.  who  came  from  England  about 
i')3o:  settled  in  Watertown.  Massachusetts, 
where  six  of  his  ten  children  were  born.  He 
was  made  a  freeman,  March  9,  1637.  About 
1 64 1  he  removed  to  Fairfield,  Connecticut,  where 
he  died  in  1(138.  He  was  made  a  freeman  of 
Connecticut,  May  20,  1652;  appointed  sergeant 
at  Fairfield,  in  Alay,  1657.  He  married  Sus- 
annah — ■ ,  who  after  his  death  was  ap- 
pointed administratrix.  Of  the  ten  children  of 
Robert  and  Susannah  Lockwood,  Ephraim. 
luentioned  in  the  next  paragra])h  was  the  fifth. 

( II )  E])hraim,  son  of  Robert  and  Susannah 
Lockwood.  was  born  in  Watertown. Massachu- 
setts. December  i.  1641.  He  removed  to  Con- 
necticut with  his  father  wdien  a  youth ;  was 
made  a  freeman,  October.  \H^'j  \  married,  June 
8,  1665,  Mercy,  daughter  of  Alatthias  Sention 
(I),  of  Norwalk,  Connecticut.  Of  their  ten 
children.  Deacon  Eliphalet,  mentioned  in  next 
paragrajih,  was  the  fifth. 

(III)  Deacon  Eliphalet  Lockwood,  son  of 
Ephraim  and  Mercy  (Sention)  Lockwood, 
was  born  in  Norwalk,  Connecticut,  February 
2y,  1676.  died  there,  October  14,  1753.  He 
was  representative  to  the  general  assembly 
from  Norwalk,  1724;  deacon  of  the  church; 
married,  October  11,  1699,  May,  born  1673, 
died  March  6,  1761.  daughter  of  John  Gold, 
of  Stanford.  Of  their  nine  children.  Deacon 
Peter,  of  further  mention,  was  the  eighth. 

( I\  )  Deacon  Peter  Lockwood,  son  of  Dea- 
con Eliphalet  and  May  ( Gold )  Lockwood, 
was  born  in  Norwalk,  Connecticut,  March  16, 
1711.  died  in  Danbury,  Connecticut,  in  1775. 
He  served  as  representative  from  Norwalk 
six  terms,  between  1755  and  1764;  was  deacon 
of  the  church  before  removing  to  Danbury, 
wdiere  he  died.  He  married  (  first ),  September 
8,  1737.  Abigail,  daughter  of  Rev.  Thomas 
Hawle_\'.  of  Ridgefield.  Connecticut;  she  died 
June  Ci.  1747;  married  (second).  January  I. 
1 75 1.  Elizabeth,  born  January  17.  1728.  daugh- 
ter of  David  and  Laurana  (  Piill )  Lambert,  and 
granddaughter  of  John  Bill,  of  Lebanon.  Con- 
necticut:  married  (third)  Hannah  Fitch.  C)f 
his  nine  children.  Lambert,  of  further  mention. 
was  the  eighth. 



(V)  Lambert,  son  of  Deacon  Peter  and  his 
second  wife,  Elizabeth  (Lambert)  Lockwood, 
was  born  in  Norwalk,  Connecticut,  July  17, 
1757,  died  February  11,  1825.  He  was  a  mer- 
chant of  Bridgeport,  Connecticut,  and  lived  on 
State  street.  He  was  of  full  stature,  fine  pres- 
ence and  affable  manner.  In  1792  he  built  a 
store  and  wharf  at  Bridgeport  and  had  a  dry 
goods  and  general  store ;  also  ran  a  packet 
sloop,  the  "Julia,"  to  New  York.  In  1806  he 
was  a  subscriber  and  organizer  of  the  Bridge- 
port Bank,  and,  in  1807,  a  director.  In  181 1 
was  chosen  first  clerk  of  the  Bridgeport  and 
Stratford  Burying-Ground  Association.  He 
was  a  public-spirited  man,  a  devoted  member 
of  the  Congregational  church,  and  his  home 
was  always  open  to  visiting  clergymen.  Dur- 
ing the  revolution  he  diil  active  service ;  was 
taken  prisoner  by  Colonel  Tryon  on  his  Con- 
necticut raid,  but  .soon  released,  as  the  Amer- 
icans were  closely  pursuing.  He  served  as  as- 
sistant deputy  quartermaster-general, his  widow 
Elizabeth  drawing  a  pension  of  six  hundred 
dollars  annually,  on  account  of  his  services. 
He  married,  December  5,  1793,  Elizabeth,  born 
March  i,  1771,  died  February  3,  1846,  daugh- 
ter of  Rev.  Azel  Roe,  D.  D.,  of  Woodbridge, 
New  Jersey.  Of  his  live  children,  Peter,  of 
further  mention,  was  the  third. 

(VI)  Rev.  Peter  Lockwood,  son  of  Lam- 
bert and  Elizabeth  (Roe)  Lockwood,  was  born 
at  Bridgeport,  Connecticut,  February  9,  1798, 
died  at  Binghamton,  New  York,  November  16, 
1882.  He  was  graduated  at  Yale  College,  in 
1817;  Andover  Theological  Seminary,  in  1821  ; 
ordained  a  minister  of  the  gospel,  1823,  and 
for  a  time  preached  in  Virginia ;  was  settled 
as  pastor  at  Peekskill,  New  York,  1824.  The 
Presbyterian  church  was  established  in  Bing- 
hamton, New  York,  in  1817;  Rev.  Niles  was 
the  first  pastor,  serving  until  1823,  and  was 
succeeded  by  Rev.  Peter  Lockwood,  who  con- 
tinued as  pastor  until  1833.  He  filled  the  pul- 
pit and  was  pastor  in  charge  at  Cortland  and  at 
Berkshire,  Tioga  county.  New  York ;  then  re- 
turning to  his  former  charge  in  Binghamton, 
where  he  died,  aged  eighty-four  years  nine 
months  and  seven  days.  He  was  a  faithful 
Christian ;  a  devoted  minister  and  served  well 
his  Master's  cause.  A  successor.  Rev.  J.  P. 
Culliver,  D.  D.,  writes  of  him,  "I  had  always 
regarded  Mr.  Lockwood  since  I  knew  him,  as 
a  very  remarkable  man.  His  force  of  char- 
acter seemed  to  press  up  into  view  on  all  occa- 
sions and  in  all  directions,  as  from  an  inex- 

haustible fountain.  His  simplicity  and  art- 
lessness  were  even  more  remarkable,  as  it 
seemed  to  me.  Happy  shall  we  be  if  we  can 
bear  such  a  record."  He  married,  October  22, 
1822,  Matilda,  born  April  17,  1798,  died  July 
4,  1886,  daughter  of  Hon.  Abraham  and  Mary 
Sylvester  (Wells)  Davenport,  and  granddaugh- 
ter of  Hon.  Abraham  and  Elizabeth  (  Hunt- 
ington) Davenport,  and  granddaughter  of  Rev. 
Noah  Wells,  D.  D.,  and  his  wife,  Abigail 
( Woolsey  )  W^ells.  Rev.  Peter  Lockwood  and 
wife  celebrated  their  golden  wedding  and  spent 
an  entire  married  life  of  sixty  years,  he  being 
the  first  to  die.  Children:  i.  John  Davenport, 
born  October  9,  1825,  died  December  20,  1844, 
at  Yale  College,  where  a  monument  was  erect- 
ed to  his  memory  by  his  classmates.  2.  Theo- 
dore, born  June  30,  1827,  died  May  8,  1831. 
3.  Radcliffe  Boorman,  born  May  6,  1829,  died 
February  5,  191 1  ;  married,  June  3,  1896,  Mary 
Brewster  Angier,  born  June  23,  1868,  daugh- 
ter of  the  Rev.  Marshall  Bullard  Angier  and 
Emma  ( Brewster )  Angier,  who  was  in  the 
ninth  generation  from  Elder  William  Pirewster, 
of  the  "Mayflower."  Rev.  Marshall  B.  Angier 
preached  for  many  years  in  Windsor,  Broome 
county,  New  York.  4.  James  Boorman,  born 
May  31,  1831,  died  June  3,  1831.  5.  Mary 
Elizabeth,  born  February  28,  1835.  6.  Annie 
Matilda,  born  October  i,  1837,  died  March  30, 
1909;  married.  May  18,  1865,  Josiah  Salisbury 
Leverett,  born  Windsor,  Vermont,  January  24, 
1810,  son  of  John  and  Elizabeth  (  Salisbury) 
Leverett.  John  Leverett  was  born  in  Boston, 
Massachusetts,  1758,  died  1821,  in  Windsor, 
Vermont.  Elizabeth  Salisbury,  his  wife,  was 
born  in  Boston,  1773;  married,  1803;  died 
1848  daughter  of  Deacon  Samuel  Salisbury 
and  his  wife,  Elizabeth  Sewell.  Children  of 
Annie  Matilda:  i.  John,  born  March  4,  1866; 
ii.  Theodore  Lockwood,  born  October  8,  1867; 
iii.  William  Josiah,  born  January  11,  1870;  iv. 
Annie  Matilda,  born  October  12,  1871,  died 
March  5,  1903  ;  v.  Mary  Elizabeth,  born  No- 
vember 2(1,  1873;  vi.  Samuel  Salisbury,  born 
June  4,  1875,  died  March  3,  1877.  7.  Theo- 
dosia  Davenport,  born  July  28,  1839,  died 
December  19,  1907;  married,  July  23,  1884, 
Henry  Harris  Jessup,  D.  D.,  born  April  19. 
1832,  died  .■\pril  28,  1910.  He  was  for  fifty- 
three  years  a  missionary  in  Beirut,  Syria,  and 
a  work  of  two  volumes  of  nearly  fifteen  hun- 
dred pages  has  been  published,  showing  the 
facts  of  his  wonderful  life  there. 


1-^      . 




(The  Davenport  Line). 

Matilda  (Davenport)  Lockvvood.  wife  of 
Rev.  Peter  Lockwood.  was  a  lineal  descendant 
of  Rev.  John  Davenjiort.  who  was  of  the 
seventeenth  generation  from  Ormers  de  Daven- 
port, born  1086.  and  assumed  the  local  name 
of  Davenport,  a  township  m  the  county  of 
Chester,  England. 

( I)  Rev.  John  Davenport,  son  of  John  and 
grandson  of  Henry  Davenport,  was  born  in 
the  ancient  city  of  Coventry,  Warwickshire. 
England,  in  1597.  His  father  was  a  merchant 
of  Coventry,  a  city  of  which  his  grandfather 
was  at  one  time  mayor.  He  pursued  his  aca- 
demical studies  at  the  grammar  school  in  Cov- 
entry, and,  in  1613,  was  admitted  to  Merton 
College,  Oxford  University.  After  two  years 
at  Merton,  he  removed  to  Magdalena  Hall,  in 
the  same  University,  where  he  received  the 
degree  of  A.  11.  He  was  cliaplain  at  Hilton 
Castle,  then  assistant  in  London,  and  soon 
after  vicar  of  St.  Stephens,  in  that  city.  This 
was  at  the  time  of  the  dreadful  plague  which 
carried  oi¥  thousands,  but  the  young  pastor 
remained  at  his  post.  He  next  returned  to 
Oxford,  where  he  received  the  degree  of  Mas- 
ter of  Arts  and  also  that  of  Bachelor  of  Divin- 
ity. Eor  the  next  few  years  he  lived  a  stormy  life, 
as  the  storm  of  intolerance  and  persecution 
was  now  ready  to  break  against  all  ministers, 
showing  the  faintest  signs  of  freedom  of 
thought,  or  action  contrary  to  the  authorities 
in  control  of  the  Established  Church.  His 
friendship  for  Rev.  John  Cotton  soon  result- 
ed in  his  liecoming  a  non-conformist,  a  result 
that  caused  him  to  resign  his  pulpit  and  forced 
liim  to  take  refuge  in  Holland.  His  next  re- 
solve was  to  collect  a  band  of  colonists  and 
seek  asylum  in  America.  They  sailed  on  the 
ship  "Hector,"  arriving  in  Boston,  June  26, 
1637.  In  the  fall  of  that  year,  with  Mr.  Eaton, 
he  journeyed  to  Connecticut,  where  they  select- 
ed a  spot  for  his  colony  to  settle,  Ouinnipiack, 
the  Indian  name,  at  the  head  of  a  harbor  four 
miles  from  Long  Island  sound.  .April  14,  1638, 
Air.  Davenport,  with  his  band  of  pilgrims,  ar- 
rived at  the  future  New  Haven.  He  was  then 
forty-one  years  of  age.  The  next  day  was  the 
Sabbath ;  service  was  held  under  the  spreading 
branches  of  an  oak  tree,  and  the  new  settle- 
ment consecrated  to  God.  In  1639  a  civil  gov- 
ernment was  formed  and  a  church  organized, 
Mr.  Davenport  being  chosen  pastor.  Two 
months  later  the  general  court,  consisting  of 
the  "seven  pillars"  of  the  church,  elected  offi- 

cers of  the  new  col(.)ny  of  New  Haven.  The- 
ojihilus  Eaton  was  chosen  governor  and  solemn  - 
ly  charged  by  Rev.  Davenport.  He  was  annual- 
ly chosen  governor  for  twenty  succeeding  years, 
until  his  death,  January.  1658.  In  1654  Rev. 
Davenport  brought  forward  a  plan  for  estab- 
lishing a  college  at  New  Haven,  the  town  mak- 
ing a  donation  of  land.  Governor  Hopkins 
donated  five  hundred  pounds  sterling.  The 
general  court  erected  the  college  school  into  a 
college  for  teaching  the  three  learned  lan- 
guages, Latin,  Greek  and  Hebrew.  Rev.  Dav- 
enport took  care  of  the  colony  school,  which 
after  his  removal  to  Boston  terminated  in  a 
grammar  school,  which  continued  to  hold  the 
Hopkin"s  fund.  This  was  not  the  origin  of 
Yale  College:  that  occurred  in  1700.  In  1667 
he  accepted  a  call  from  the  Second  Church,  of 
Boston,  where  he  was  installed  pastor.  Decem- 
ber 9,  after  fifty  years  in  the  ministry,  twenty 
in  England  and  thirty  years  in  New  Haven. 
He  did  not  long  live  to  minister  to  his  Boston 
congregation,  but  died  of  apoplexy,  March  15, 
1670.  His  tomb  is  in  the  burying-ground  of 
the  Stone  Chapel  Church,  on  Tremont  street, 
Boston.  A  broad  slate  stone  monument  marks 
the  spot  on  which  are  the  following  inscrip- 
tions: "Here  Lye  Intombed  the  Bodyes  of  the 
Pamous  Reverend  and  Learned  Pastors  of  the 
Eirst  Church  of  Christ  in  Boston,  viz :  Mr.  John 
Cotton  aged  67  years,  deceased  December  23, 
1652,  Mr.  John  Davenport  aged  72  years,  de- 
ceased May  15,  1670,  Mr.  John  Oxenbudge 
aged  ()C)  years,  deceased  December  28,  1674." 
He  was  a  great  man.    He  married,  in  England, 

Elizabeth ,  died  September  i,  1672,  aged 

seventy-three  years.  Pier  monument  was  dis- 
covered in  T831,  in  King's  Chapel  Burial- 
Oounds,  near  the  tomb  of  Governor  Winthrop, 
and  not  far  from  the  grave  of  her  husband. 

( II )  John  (2),  only  child  of  Rev.  John  (  i ) 
and  Elizabeth  Davenport,  was  born  in  Lon- 
don, and  did  not  accomjiany  his  parents  to 
America.  He  came  over  in  charge  of  Mr. 
Penwick,  in  1639,  in  one  of  the  only  two  ships 
that  ever  came  from  England  to  New  Haven. 
He  was  one  of  the  judges  of  New  Haven 
courts  in  1661.  After  removing  to  Boston 
with  his  father  he  was  register  of  probate,  but 
at  the  time  of  his  death,  March  21,  1677.  is  call- 
ed a  merchant.  He  married,  November  27, 
1663,  Abigail,  daughter  of  Rev.  Abraham  Pier- 
son,  of  Branf(.)rd,  Connecticut,  sister  of  Rev. 
Abraham  (2)  Pierson,  the  first  rector  of  Yale 



(III)  Rev.  John  (3)  Davenport,  son  of 
John  (2)  and  Abigail  (Pierson)  Davenport, 
was  born  in  Boston,  February  22,  1668,  and 
was  baptized  by  his  grandfather  six  days  later. 
He  was  graduated  at  Harvard  College,  1687, 
and  began  preaching  in  1690.  In  1691  he  be- 
came assistant  to  Rev.  Air.  James,  of  East 
Hampton,  Long  Island.  In  1692  was  called 
to  the  Stamford  church,  Fairfield  county,  Con- 
necticut ;  taught  the  Hopkin's  grammar  school 
in  New  Haven  before  going  to  Stamford,  and 
was  a  member  of  the  corporation  of  Yale  Col- 
lege from  1707  until  his  death  in  1731.  He 
married  (first),  April  18,  1695,  Martha,  widow 
of  John  Selleck,  formerly  a  Miss  Gould,  who 
bore  him  seven  children ;  she  died  December 
I,  171 2,  and  is  buried  at  New  Haven.  He 
married  (second)  Mrs.  Elizabeth  Maltby, 
daughter  of  John  Morris,  by  whom  he  had  two 
children.  Children  by  first  wife:  i.  .Abigai'. 
married  Rev.  Stephen  Williams,  D.  D.,  by 
whom  she  had  eight  children,  three  of  whom 
became  ministers.  2.  John,  married  Sarah 
Bishop,  and  was  one  of  the  twenty-four  orig- 
inal members  of  the  Congregational  church,  of 
New  Canaan,  Connecticut.  3.  Martha,  married 
Rev.  Thomas  Goodsell.  4.  Sarah,  married  Cap- 
tain William  Maltby,  and  had  a  son.  Rev.  John 
Maltby,  graduate  of  Yale  and  for  several  years 
pastor  of  a  church  in  Bermuda,  West  Indies. 
5.  Theodora,  died  young.  6.  Deacon  Deodate, 
married  Lydia,  daughter  of  Rev.  John  Wood- 
ward. 7.  Elizabeth,  married  Rev.  William 
Gaylord.  8.  Abraham,  of  further  mention.  9. 
Rev.  James,  graduate  of  Yale,  and  a  most  won 
derful  preacher  and  revivalist. 

(IV)  Abraham,  son  of  Rev.  John  (3)  and 
his  first  wife,  Martha  (Gould-Selleck )  Daven- 
port, was  born  1715,  and  was  graduated  at 
Yale  College,  1732,  and  became  one  of  the 
most  prominent  and  best  known  men  in  th.e 
state.  He  represented  Stamford  in  the  state 
legislature  for  twenty-five  sessions,  and  at  sev- 
eral times  was  clerk  of  the  house.  He  was 
state  senator  from  1766  to  1784,  judge  of  nro- 
bate  several  years,  and  judge  of  the  county 
court,  and  was  equally  active  in  the  Congrega- 
tional church,  holding  the  office  of  deacon, 
1759-89.  In  1776  he,  his  son  John  and  Tha  1- 
deus  Burr  were  sent  to  the  army  under  Wash- 
ington, to  assist  in  "arranging  it  into  companies 
and  regiments,"  and  to  commission  the  ofiicers 
appointed  by  the  assembly  for  the  battalions 
raised  by  the  state.  He  was  also  empowered 
to  arrest  and  bring  to  trial  persons  suspected 

of  irresolution  or  disloyalty.  "In  1777  he  was 
one  of  the  Committee  of  Safety  for  the  state 
and  was  always  consulted  by  Governor  Trum- 
bull and  General  Washington,  as  one  of  tht 
wisest  counselors  in  our  most  trying  days." 
An  instance  in  his  career  was  pleasingly  ren 
dcred  into  verse  by  John  G.  Whittier  and 
alludes  to  the  "Dark  Day"  in  Connecticut.  The 
legislature  was  in  session  at  Hartford  and  it 
was  the  general  opinion  that  the  day  of  judg- 
ment was  at  hand.  The  house  being  unable 
to  see  to  transact  business  adjourned.  A  pro- 
posal to  adjourn  the  council  was  under  con- 
sideration, when  the  opinion  of  Colonel  Dav- 
enport was  asked,  he  said,  "I  am  against  an 
adjournment.  The  day  of  judgment  is  either 
approaching,  or  it  is  not.  If  it  is  not  here, 
there  is  no  cause  for  adjournment.  If  it  is  I 
choose  to  be  found  doing  my  duty.  I  wish 
therefore  that  candles  be  brought."  He  held 
his  last  court  at  Danbury,  where  he  heard  a 
considerable  part  of  a  trial;  gave  the  charge 
to  the  jury,  then  retired  from  the  bench  and 
was  soon  after  found  dead  in  his  bed,  Novem- 
ber 20,  1789,  aged  seventy-four  years.  He 
held  the  title  of  A.  B.  from  Yale ;  deacon  from 
the  church ;  colonel  from  the  state  and  honor- 
able from  his  long  public  service.  He  was  best 
known  as  Colonel  Davenport  and  greatly  be- 
loved, especially  by  the  young.  He  married 
(first),  at  Windham,  Connecticut,  November 
16,  1750,  Elizabeth  Huntington,  whose  mother 
was  a  daughter  of  Rev.  Timothy  Edwards  and 
the  sister  of  President  Jonathan  Edwards  ;  she 
died  December  17,  1773;  he  married  (second). 
.\ugust  8,  1776,  a  widow,  -Mrs.  Martha  Fitch. 
Child  by  first  wife :  John,  of  further  mention. 
(V)  John  (4),  son  of  Colonel  Abraham  and 
Elizabeth  (  Huntington  )  Davenport,  was  born 
in  Stamford,  Connecticut,  January  16,  1752; 
graduate  of  Yale  College,  1770,  where  he  was 
appointed  tutor  in  1773.  He  was  major  of 
militia  during  the  revolution.  In  1799  he  was 
elected  to  congress,  to  fill  the  vacancy  caused 
by  the  death  of  his  brother,  Hon.  James  Dav- 
enport. Here  he  was  continued  for  eighteen 
years.  He  served  on  important  committees, 
but  was  more  known  as  a  worker  than  as  a  de- 
bater. He  declined  reelection  in  181 7,  and 
spent  the  remainder  of  his  life  at  his  country 
home  in  Stamford,  where  he  had  the  honor  to 
welcome  and  entertain  General  Lafayette,  He 
was  a  lawyer  by  profession  ;  deacon  of  the 
Congregational  church :  a  benevolent,  active 
and  exemplary  Christian;  died  November  28, 



1830:  he  married.  May  7.  1780,  Alary  Syl- 
vester, daughter  of  Rev.  Noah  Wells,  D.  D. 
Children:  i.  Elizabeth  Huntington,  born  March 
4,  1781  ;  married  Judge  Peter  W.  Radcliffe,  of 
Brooklyn.  2.  John  Alfred,  graduate  of  Yale 
College,  and  for  fifty  years  was  a  well-known 
prosperous  merchant  of  New  York  City;  mar- 
ried, in  1806,  Eliza  Maria,  daughter  of  Dr. 
William  Wheeler,  of  Red  Hook,  New  York. 

3.  Mary  Wells,  born  September  12.  1785: 
married  James  Boorman,  of  New  York,  No- 
vember 10,  1810.  Tie  was  a  member  of  the 
firm  of  Boorman,  Johnson  &  Company,  a  lead- 
ing firm  of  New  York  City:  ])resident  of  the 
Hudson  River  Railroad  Comjiany  :  founder  of 
the  P.ank  of  Commerce,  and  one  of  the  orig- 
inal members  of  the  Chamber  of  Commerce. 

4.  Theodosia,  died  aged  twenty-one  years.  5. 
Deacon  Theodore,  born  January  26,  1792,  re- 
sided for  sixty  years  in  the  mansion  erected 
bv  his  father,  in  1807,  on  Main  street,  Stam- 
ford; active  member  of  the  Congregational 
church  and  deacon ;  married,  May  9,  1833, 
Harriet  Grant  Chesebrough,  of  New  York.  6. 
Rebecca  Ann,  died  aged  twenty-two  years.  7. 
Matilda,  born  in  Stamford,  April  17,  1798; 
married  Rev.  Peter  Lockwood  (  see  Lockwood 

This  is  a  very  old  family 
HASBROCCK     in  southern  New  York  and 

was  founded  by  Abraham 
and  Jean  Hasbrouck.  brothers,  who  were  among 
the  original  patentees  of  New  Paltz,  Ulster 
county,  and  were  active  in  both  civil  and 
ecclesiastical  afifairs  of  that  section.  Both  left 
a  large  progeny  and  their  descendants  have  to 
some  extent  intermarried.  Prom  L'lster  the 
family  spread  to  Orange,  Dutchess  and  other 
counties  in  the  vicinity,  and  is  now  very  numer- 
ously represented  throughout  the  region.  The 
family  was  conspicuous  in  the  settlement  and 
development  of  St.  Lawrence  county,  and  of 
various  sections  of  Central  New  York.  Abra- 
ham and  Jean  Hasbrouck  were  born  in  Calais, 
France,  of  which  town  their  father  was  also 
a  native.  The  latter  with  his  two  sons,  above 
named,  and  a  daughter,  who  was  the  wife  of 
Pierre  Ilayaar,  was  driven  out  of  France  by 
the  persecutions  of  the  Huguenots,  and  re- 
moved to  Mannheim,  Germany,  in  the  lower 
palatinate,  and  there  they  resided  several  years, 
being  higiily  respected  and  affiliating  with  the 
local  churches.  Numerous  other  families  were 
similarly    situated    and    a    considerable    group 

migrated  to  the  new  world  in  the  latter  part 
of  the  seventeenth  century,  settling  in  CIster 
county,  New  York.  Jean,  with  his  wife,  Anna 
Duyon  (Deyo)  Hasbrouck,  removed  in  1673 
from  Germany  and  settled  at  Esopus,  New 

(  1  )  .\braham  Hasbrouck  removed  from 
Mannheim  to  Holland,  whence  he  sailed  in 
April,  1675.  landing  at  Boston,  Massachusetts, 
thence  he  proceeded  direct  to  New  York,  and, 
in  July,  arrived  at  Esopus,  where  he  found  his 
brother  and  many  old  former  Europeon  friends. 
In  1677  a  group  of  these  including  the  Has- 
brouck brothers  obtained  a  patent  from  Gov- 
ernor Andros  to  a  large  tract  south  of  Kings- 
ton, where  they  settled  and  named  the  place 
New  Paltz.  Here  they  formed  what  was 
known  as  the  Walloon  Protestant  Church  after 
the  name  and  discipline  of  the  church  at 
( ieneva.  a  Calvinistic  organization.  For  about 
half  a  century  until  after  the  death  of  the  Has- 
brouck brothers  the  services  of  this  church 
were  conducted  in  the  French  language,  after 
which  it  was  changed  to  the  Dutch  language. 
.Abraham  Hasbrouck  was  a  member  of  the 
provincial  assembly,  and  was  major  of  the 
Lister  county  regiment  of  militia.  He  died  at 
New  Paltz,  Alarch  17,  1717.  He  married,  No- 
vember 17,  i'')75,  at  Hurley,  Marie,  daughter 
of  Christian  Deyo,  whom  he  had  known  in 
Euroije.  and  who  came  to  this  country  on  the 
same  vessel  with  him.  She  was  probably  a 
sister  of  his  brother's  wife.  Children:  Rachel, 
baptized  May  12,  1680,  in  New  York;  Anna, 
baptized  October  9,  1682,  in  Kingston,  died 
young;  Joseph,  baptized  October  23,  1684,  in 
New  Paltz;  Solomon,  October  17,  i68fi ;  Jonas, 
October  14,  1691  ;  Benjamin,  mentioned  below. 
Some  others  died  in  infancy. 

(  II )  Benjamin,  youngest  surviving  child  of 
Abraham  and  Marie  (  Deyo)  Hasbrouck,  was 
baptized  May  31,  1696,  in  New  Paltz.  and  was 
one  of  the  original  grantees  of  the  Rumbout 
Patent,  in  what  is  now  Dutchess  county.  About 
1720  he  settled  near  Hopewell,  in  the  present 
town  of  Fishkill,  where  he  married,  February 
13,  1737,  Jannetje  De  Long  (sometimes  writ- 
ten De  Lange).  Children:  Daniel;  Benjamin; 
John ;  Jacob ;  Mary,  married  John  Halstead ; 
Heiltje,  married  Dr.  Nathaniel  House  ;  Francis. 

(Ill)  Daniel,  eldest  child  of  Benjamin  and 
Jannetje  ( De  Long)  Hasbrouck,  was  born 
about  1738,  in  Fishkill,  and  there  resided  on 
the  paternal  homestead.  He  married  Diana 
\*an  \'!ecken  and  their  familv  included  :  Tunis, 


NE^^■  YORK. 

died  in  infancy.  2.  Benjamin,  born  Septem- 
ber 7,  1703;  married  (first)  Elizabeth  Parker, 
(second)  Margaret  Stedman,  four  children.  3. 
Mary,  born  October  23,  1705;  married  her 
cousin  Henry,  son  of  Thomas  Cheney,  seven 
children.  4.  Hannah,  twin  of  Mary,  married 
Cai)tain  Zachariah  Goodale,  eight  children.  5. 
Colonel  Thomas,  born  about  1708,  served  in 
the  French  and  Indian  war,  in  the  Eighth 
Massachusetts  Regiment ;  commissioned  captain 
at  Louisburg,  June  20,  1745,  by  Governor  Shir- 
ley; colonel  of  militia;  representative  to  the 
provincial  congress,  1774  and  1773  :  large  land 
owner  and  wealthy  business  man.  He  married 
his  second  cousin  Sarah,  daughter  of  John  and 
Sarah  (  Squires )  Fessenden.  6.  Joseph,  born 
November  2,  1709;  married  Elizabeth  Tucker; 
four  children.  7.  Ebenezer,  died  at  age  of 
twenty  years.  8.  Ruth,  born  about  1713;  mar- 
ried Elias  Mason ;  three  children.  9.  John, 
born  about  1716;  married  Martha  Fessenden. 
10.  William,  of  further  mention.  11.  A  daugh- 
ter, died  young. 

( I\' )  William  (  2  ),  son  of  Benjamin  and  his 
second  wife,  Mary  (Herbert)  Cheney,  was 
born  in  Cambridge,  Massachusetts,  about  1718. 
He  joined  the  Ashford  church.  May  16,  1742; 
bought  land  there  in  1746,  a  part  of  which  he 
later  sold  to  his  brother,  Colonel  Thomas 
Cheney.  He  was  a  farmer  and  figures  in  sev- 
eral land  transactions.  Six  of  his  children 
were  living  at  the  death  of  the  colonel  and 
inherited  shares  in  his  estate.  He  enlisted  in 
Fifth  Company,  Third  Regiment,  Colonel  Isaac 
Putnam,  ^Iay  i,  1775,  and  was  killed  June  17, 
1775,  at  the  battle  of  Bunker  Hill.  His  name 
is  on  the  bronze  tablet  in  the  park  at  Charles- 
town,  Massachusetts.  He  married  (first),  in 
.\shford,  Connecticut,  March  14.  1739,  Ruth, 
born  April  23,  1722,  died  October  16,  1756, 
daughter  of  Philip  Eastman.  He  married  (sec- 
ond), February  i,  1757,  Mehitabel  Chubb. 
Children:  i.  Ebenezer,  born  May  23.  1740; 
married  Priscilla,  daughter  of  Seth  and  Abi- 
gail Lyon,  eight  children.  2.  Thomas,  born 
July  I.  1742.  3.  Benjamin,  of  further  men- 
tion. 4.  William,  born  April  17,  1747.  5. 
John,  died  young.  6.  Joseph,  died  young.  7. 
Elizabeth,  born  September  6,  1752;  married 
John  Babyno.  8.  John,  died  young.  9.  Jo- 
seph, baptized  February  23. 1759.  10.  A  daugh- 
ter, twin  of  Joseph.  11.  John,  son  by  adoption, 
baptized  October  12,  1760. 

(V)  Benjamin  (2),  son  of  William  (2) 
and  his  first  wife.  Ruth   (Eastman)    Cheney, 

was  born  June  10,  baptized  June  27,  1744,  in 
Ashford,  Massachusetts,  where  he  continued 
to  reside.  He  married,  May  30,  1765,  Abigail, 
born  May  5,  1745,  died  September  21,  1790. 
daughter  of  John  Parry.  Children:  i.  Mehit- 
abel, born  September  26,  1766.  2.  Huldah, 
September  9,  1767.  3.  Thomas,  June  24,  1769. 
4.  Daniel,  of  further  mention.  5.  Abiel,  born 
August  10,  1773,  removed  to  Littleton,  Ver- 
mont: married  Irene  Munson.  6.  Elizabeth, 
August  2"],  1775.  7.  Benjamin,  September  12, 
1777.  8.  Nabbey,  born  May  17,  1779.  9.  John, 
August  17,  1781.  10.  Hannah,  November  19, 
1783.  II.  William,  Februarv  17,  1785.  12. 
Ruth,  July  31,  1788. 

(  \T  )  Daniel,  son  of  Benjamin  (  2  )  and  .Abi- 
gail (Parry)  Cheney,  was  born  in  .Ashford, 
Connecticut,  June  9,  1771,  died  in  the  town 
of  Olean,  New  York,  January  23,  1837.  At 
an  early  day  he  removed  from  Connecticut  to 
Essex  county.  New  York,  where  he  remained 
but  a  short  time,  later  settling  in  the  town  of 
Olean,  Cattaraugus  county,  where  he  was  high- 
ly respected  for  his  honest  and  kind  heart.  He 
married  Irene  Ashford,  who  died  November 
4,  1842,  aged  sixty-eight  years  and  five  months. 
Children:  i.  Sally,  married  a  Mr.  White.  2. 
Eunice,  married  a  Mr.  Randall.  3.  Rachel. 
4.  Welles,  born  April  6,  i8o5,  a  farmer  of 
Delevan,  New  York ;  married  Deborah  R. 
Hawkins,  and  had  Munson.  Nancy  L.  and 
Mehitabel.  3.  Mehitabel.  6.  John,  of  further 
mention.     7.  Lyman.     8.  Eletheer.    9.  Walter. 

(\  II  )  John,  son  of  Daniel  and  Irene  (Ash- 
ford) Cheney,  was  born  in  Olean,  Cattaraugus 
county.  New  York,  June  6,  18 13,  died  in  York- 
shire, same  county,  August  20,  1881.  He  spent 
his  whole  life  in  Cattaraugus  county,  except  a 
few  years  passed  in  the  present  town  of  (Gar- 
field, Pennsylvania,  where  he  was  engaged  in 
operating  a  sawmill.  He  was  a  successful 
farmer  and  by  energy  and  thrift  secured  a 
competence.  He  was  a  man  of  upright.  Chris- 
tian life  and  character,  honored  and  respected 
wherever  known.  He  was  active  in  the  Meth- 
odist Episcopal  church,  and  held  several  im- 
portant town  offices.  In  political  preference 
lie  was  a  Republican.  He  married,  in  Penn- 
sylvania, September  20,  1840,  Sarah  A.,  daugh- 
ter of  Leonard  and  Mary  Hodges,  of  \\'arren, 
Pennsylvania.  Children:  i.  Clark  Abial,  born 
April  30,  1842,  in  Yorkshire.  New  York,  own- 
ed and  operated  the  Truman  Coal  Farm,  in 
Yorkshire ;  married,  August,  1863,  Jeannette, 
daughter  of  \\'illiani  and  Laura  (  Davis)  Lang- 


/  .■> 

made,  of  Yorkshire:  children:  Sarah  Belle, 
born  August  24,  1867 :  Georgia  Anna,  August 
26,  1873;  Fred  Mason,  born  February  6,  1876: 
Myrna,  born  October  11,  1883.  2.  Walter 
W'ilmot,  born  in  Warren  county,  Pennsylvania, 
July  6,  1844,  was  extensively  engaged  in  oil 
production  in  the  oil  fields  of  Pennsylvania 
and  Western  New  York,  with  residence  at 
Delevan,  New  York;  married,  March  10,  1873, 
Louise,  daughter  of  Henry  Strong,  of  Sar- 
dinia, New  York ;  child,  RIabel  Strong,  born 
January  8,  1879.  3.  Eunice  Irene,  born  March 
24,  1846:  married,  December  31,  1866,  Henry 
L.  Crooker,  of  Arcade  :  children  :  Charles  Fran- 
cis, born  April  16,  1872:  John  Cheney,  born 
December  26,  1874:  Walter  Elgene,  born  De- 
cember 16,  1878.  4.  Francis  John,  of  further 
mention.  5,  George  Hamline,  born  March  7, 
1850;  educated  in  the  public  schools,  Arcade 
Academy  and  Griffith  Institute,  Springfield, 
New  York,  and  Ten  Broeck  Free  Academy,  at 
Franklinville.  He  taught  in  the  public  schools 
several  years ;  was  principal  of  the  I'nion 
School,  at  Hinsdale,  New  York,  and  was  pro- 
fessor of  mathematics  in  Northern  New  York 
Conference  Seminary,  at  Antwerp,  New  York. 
He  prepared  for  the  ministry,  and,  in  1873-75, 
was  pastor  of  the  EUicottville  (New  York) 
circuit.  In  the  fall  of  1875  he  entered  Boston 
Cniversity  School  of  Theology,  being  grad- 
uated therefrom  in  1879.  He  joined  the  New 
England  Conference  of  the  Methodist  Epis- 
copal Church,  in  1878,  on  probation,  being  ad- 
initted  to  full  connection  in  1880;  was  ordain- 
ed deacon  by  Bishop  Foster,  at  Lynn,  Massa- 
chusetts. April  8,  1877 ;  ordained  elder  by 
Bishop  Peck,  in  Worcester.  Massachusetts, 
April  10,  188 1.  He  has  filled  important  pul- 
pits in  Massachusetts,  and  is  an  eloquent,  suc- 
cessful minister  of  the  gospel.  He  married  Elea- 
nor Robinson,  of  Somerville.  Massachusetts : 
children:  Emily  M..  born  May  14.  1882;  David 
McGregor.  December  12,  1884:  Sarah  R..  June 
30.  1887;  Eleanor  R..  June  11.  1893.  6.  Charles 
Summer,  died  aged  five  years.  7.  Lyman 
Josiah.  born  October  11.  i860,  was  successively 
druggist  and  dry  goods  merchant  in  Delevan. 
New  York.  In  1892  he  was  appointed  clerk 
in  the  L'nited  States  railway  postal  service : 
prominent  in  local  politics  and  a  supporter  of 
the  Republican  party.  He  married,  in  .\rcade, 
Wyoming  county.  New  York,  March  8.  1882. 
Florence  N..  daughter  of  Charles  and  Ravilla 
Cagwin  :  children :  Lloyd  Lyman,  born  April 
23.  1884:  Clifford  Carleton.  June  17.  1887. 

(\T11)  Francis  John,  son  uf  John  and 
Sarah  A.  (  Hodges  )  Cheney,  was  born  in  War- 
ren. Pennsylvania.  June  5,  1848.  His  parents 
removed  to  Cattaraugus  county.  New  York,, 
when  he  was  six  years  of  age.  and  his  early 
education  was  obtained  in  the  district  schools 
during  the  winter  months,  his  summers  being 
spent  in  assisting  his  father  in  farming  opera- 
tions. He  remained  on  the  farm  until  he  was 
twenty  years  of  age,  working  and  studying. 
In  this  way  and  by  a  few  terms  at  Arcade 
Academy  he  prepared  for  college.  In  i8(-)8  he 
entered  Genesee  College,  and  was  graduated 
A.  B..  class  of  1872,  at  head  of  his  class,  the 
first  class  graduated  after  the  college  was 
merged  with  Syracuse  University.  Immedi- 
ately after  graduation  he  entered  upon  the  pro- 
fession of  teaching,  a  line  of  activity  he  has 
ever  since  continued  with  honor  and  success. 
His  fame  as  an  educator  is  more  than  state- 
wide, but  the  institutions  he  has  served  are  the 
best  witnesses  to  his  ability.  In  the  spring  of 
1872  (even  before  graduation)  he  was  elected 
to  the  chair  of  mathematics  in  the  Northern 
New  York  Conference  Seminary,  at  .\ntwerp 
(Ives  .Seminary  I.  where  he  remained  two 
years,  resigning  to  accept  a  call  to  the  principal- 
ship  of  Dryden  (New  York)  Union  School. 
Here  he  remained  seven  years,  finishing  a 
course  of  legal  study,  and,  in  1880,  was  ail- 
mitted  to  the  bar.  He  had  ilecided  to  settle 
in  the  west  and  devote  his  after  life  to  the 
jiractice  of  law,  all  necessary  arrangements 
Iiaving  been  made.  While  still  at  the  head  of 
Dryden  Union  School  he  received  such  a  flat- 
tering offer  from  the  Kingston  (New  York) 
board  of  education,  to  become  principal  of 
Kingston  Free  Academy,  that  his  western  plans 
were  abaniloned  and  the  offer  accepted.  He 
remained  at  Kingston  ten  years  at  the  head  of 
the  Academy,  raising  the  standard  of  the  school 
and  wonderfully  increasing  its  etificiency.  These 
years  had  thoroughly  established  his  standing 
as  an  educator,  and  his  services  were  frequent- 
ly sought  by  other  cities  and  institutions.  Syra- 
cuse L'niversitv  offered  him  the  chair  of  Eng- 
lish and  Belles  Lettres :  Olean.  New  York, 
elected  him  city  superintendent  of  schools, 
which  he  did  not  accept  because  the  Kingston 
board  of  education  did  not  want  to  release  him. 
In  i8t)o  he  was  a  candidate  for  the  principal- 
ship  of  the  State  Normal  School,  at  Greeley. 
Colorado.  Having  been  appointed  inspector 
of  high  schools  and  academies  of  New  York, 
by  the  board  of  regents,  he  withdrew  his  ap- 



plication,  however,  although  it  was  so  favor- 
able considered  that,  it  is  said,  he  would  prob- 
ably have  been  appointed,  had  he  not  with- 
drawn it.  This  necessitated  severing  his  con- 
nection with  Kingston  Free  Academy,  although 
the  board  of  eilucation  offered  a  substantial 
increase  in  salary  and  such  an  increase  in 
teaching  force  as  to  leave  him  little  actual 
teaching,  but  his  decision  was  made  in  favor 
of  the  inspectorsliip.  The  "School  Bulletin" 
said  regarding  his  appointment :  "The  lioard 
of  Regents  are  to  be  congratulated  for  the 
good  sense  shown  in  the  selection  of  such  a 
man  for  the  place."  The  Kingston  papers 
spoke  of  his  departure  with  regret,  one  saying : 
"He  is  one  of  the  men  who  is  vastly  broader 
than  his  profession.  He  is  fully  abreast  of  the 
times  not  only  as  an  educator  but  as  a  man  of 
affairs."  He  only  held  the  inspectijrship  one 
year,  resigning  to  accept  the  appointment  of 
the  State  Normal  and  Training  School,  at  Cort- 
land, New  York.  He  began  his  duties  there 
with  the  opening  of  the  fall  term,  1891,  and 
now,  twenty  years  later  (1911),  he  is  still  the 
honored  head  of  the  institution.  These  have 
been  years  of  improvement  and  progress  for 
the  school,  years  also  broadening  and  strength- 
ening the  man.  The  school  has  doubled  in 
size,  buildings,  apparatus,  and  teaching  staff 
keeping  pace.  Mr.  Cheney  out  of  his  wide  ex- 
perience is  a  most  able  instructor  of  instructors 
and  much  in  demand  for  lectures  and  addresses 
before  educational  associations  and  other  soci- 
eties. In  i8go-Qi  he  was  president  of  the 
Associated  Academic  Principals,  of  the  state 
of  New  York,  and  holds  membership  in  the 
state  and  national  educational  associations.  In 
1885  he  made  a  tour  of  Great  Britain  and 
Europe,  visiting  the  principal  countries  and 
cities,  gathering  information  of  special  value 
to  him  in  his  profession.  In  1888,  after  an 
examination  at  the  School  of  American  His- 
tory, Syracuse  I'niversity  conferred  on  him  the 
degrees  of  .\.  M.  and  PIi.  D.  In  i8(/)  he  was  lay 
delegate  to  the  general  conference  of  the  Meth- 
odist Episcopal  church,  being  sent  from  Cen- 
tral New  York.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Ma- 
sonic Order,  belonging  to  Cortlandville  Lodge. 
Dr.  Cheney  married  (first),  July  30,  1873, 
Lydia  Henrietta,  died  March  21,  1896,  daugh- 
ter of  Buel  G.  and  Lucy  (Thornton)  Smith, 
of  Delevan,  New  York.  Child,  Genevieve 
(ado])ted),  born  May  q,  1885.  He  married 
(second),  July  20,  1898,  Clara  Jane,  daugh- 
ter of  John  J.  and  Margaret  (Livingston)  Rob- 

inson, of  Fort  Edward.     Child,  Clara  Frances, 
born  January  20,  1900. 

The  Keators  of  Cortland.  New 

KEATOR  York,  trace  from  Holland  an- 
cestry. The  name  is  an  uncom- 
mon one  in  early  days  and  the  present  form 
is  evidently  an  anglicized  form  of  a  Dutch 
name.  It  is  impossible  to  trace  definitely  be- 
yond John  Keator,  of  Ulster  county.  New 
York,  who  was  ambushed  and  slain  by  Indians 
with  another  of  his  family.  In  1676  John 
Keator  made  a  purchase  of  land  in  the  town 
of  Marbletown,  Ulster  county,  New  York. 
This  was  no  doubt  the  emigrant  from  Holland, 
and  founder  of  the  Ulster  county  family  of 
Keator.  The  name  is  met  with  in  the  Leister 
records  and  the  family  seem  to  have  borne 
well  their  part  in  the  development  of  the  coun- 
try. Among  the  founders  and  subscribers  to 
the  fund  for  erecting  the  first  house  of  worship 
for  the  Reformed  Protestant  Dutch  church,  at 
Marbletow^n  (where  the  Keators  seemed  to 
have  centered),  is  found  the  names  of  Au- 
gustinus,  Johannes.  Melgert  and  Jacob  Keator. 
This  church  was  organized  in  1737,  and  a 
church  built  in  1743.  Among  the  signers  in 
the  Troop  of  Horse  in  Ulster,  at  Kingston, 
June  9,  1775,  from  the  town  of  Marbletown, 
the  name  of  Johannes  Keator  is  second. 

(HI)  John  Keator,  of  Marbletown,  was 
born  about  1700,  and  was  probably  a  grand- 
son of  the  emigrant,  John  Keator,  of  whom 
nothing  seems  to  be  known  after  his  land 
purchase  in  1676.  John  (2)  Keator  was  killed 
b)-  Indians  and  there  is  no  record  of  his  family 
further  than  that  his  son  John  met  his  death 
at  the  same  time.  PTe  was  the  signer  to  the 
enlistment  rolls  in  1735,  his  father  being  among 
the  first  members  of  the  Dutch  Church,  at 
]\Iarbletown.  who  signed  the  subscription  list 
in  1743,  when  the  first  building  was  erected. 
He  is  enrolled  as  a  soldier  of  the  Third  Regi- 
ment I'lster  County  Militia  (Land  Bounty 
Rights).  He  was  undoubtedly  of  the  third 
generation  in  .America. 

(  I\')  John,  son  of  John  Keator,  was  of  the 
town  of  Marbletown,  P'lster  county.  New 
York,  where  he  was  born  about  the  year  1730. 
Nothing. further  can  be  told  of  him  than  that 
he  was  married  and  had  at  least  a  son  Cor- 
nelius, and  met  his  death  at  the  hands  of  the 

( V )  Cornelius,  son  of  John  Keator,  of 
Marbletown,  was  born  in  New  York,  in  17(13, 



(lied  in  Roxbury,  Delaware  cuunt\',  about 
1856.  He  married  Elizabeth  Krom  from  near 
High  Falls,  Ulster  county.  After  his  marriage 
several  years  Cornelius  removed  to  the  town 
of  Roxbury,  Delaware  county,  New  York, 
where  descendants  are  yet  seated.  This  was 
when  that  town  was  yet  virgin  forest,  except- 
ing the  first  settler,  Isaac  Inman,  1788;  a  party 
of  twenty  families  from  Fairiield,  Connecticut, 
1789.  and  the  Scotch  settlement  of  John  Moore, 
on  the  headwaters  of  the  Delaware  river,  now 
known  as  Grandgorge,  then  called  "Moore's 

(\  Ij  Joseph,  son  of  Cornelius  and  Eliza- 
beth (Krom)  Keator,  was  born  in  Marble- 
town,  Ulster  county,  New  York,  about  1784. 
He  was  living  at  Kingston  Creek,  that  county, 
in  1797,  and  from  there  went  to  Roxbury,  Del- 
aware county,  probably  at  the  same  time  his 
father  settled  in  that  town.  He  was  a  farmer 
and  general  trailer;  owning  considerable  prop- 
erty of  various  kinds.  After  an  active  life  in 
Delaware  county,  he  died  about  1820.  He 
married  Polly  Wight,  who  survived  him  until 
1852.  Children  :  Thomas  ;  Harvey  ;  Chauncey  ; 
Mary,  married  Noah  Dimmick ;  Hettie,  mar- 
ried Levi  ulead ;  Rachel,  married  John  T. 
Mead  ;  Betsey,  married  Jeremiah  G.  Baughton  ; 
Debby,  married  Jonas  Al.  Sweet. 

(VH)  Thomas,  son  of  Joseph  and  Polly 
(Wight)  Keator,  was  born  in  Roxbury,  Dela- 
ware county,  i\ew  York,  November  25,  1803, 
died  in  Cortland,  New  York,  June  19,  1879. 
He  was  educated  in  the  public  schools  and  for' 
a  time  followed  the  occupation  of  a  farmer, 
exchisively.  Later  he  established  a  small  mer- 
cantile business  at  what  is  now  \'ega.  not  far 
from  Roxbury.  He  continued  farming  and  in 
merchandise  until  1854,  when  he  removed  to 
Cortland,  New  York,  where  he  became  jiromi- 
nent.  He  purchased  what  is  now  known  as 
the  Wickwire  farm  and  for  a  time  was  engaged 
in  its  operation.  He  later  established  himself 
in  the  mercantile  business  in  the  village  of 
Cortland,  continuing  for  two  or  three  years. 
He  was  a  man  of  great  energy  and  unusual 
business  capacity.  In  1863  he  effected  the 
organization  of  the  First  National  Bank,  of 
Cortland,  and  was  elected  its  first  president, 
holding  that  important  office  until  his  death. 
He  was  president  of  the  village  corporation  of 
Cortland  and  in  many  ways  aided  in  the  devel- 
opment of  the  village.  In  Delaware  county  he 
was  a  member  of  the  Dutch  Reformed  church, 
but    after   coming    to    Cortland    attended    the 

Presbyterian  church.  He  was  broad-minded 
and  liberal  in  all  things,  giving  to  every  man 
his  justice,  and  leaving  behind  him  a  reputa- 
tion for  upright,  generous  dealing.  His  political 
creed  was  Whig,  later  Republican.  He  mar- 
ried (first)  Sarah,  born  1806,  died  May  8, 
1834,  daugliter  of  Samuel  Slaughson.  He  mar- 
ried (second)  Betsey  More,  born  1812,  died 
1891,  daughter  of  Edwin  and  Charity  (Mc- 
Ginnis)  More,  granddaughter  of  John  and 
Betty  (Taylor)  More,  the  latter  coming  to 
the  United  States  from  Edinburg,  Scotland, 
their  native  land.  Children  by  first  marriage : 
I.  Samuel,  of  further  mention.  2.  Polly,  mar- 
ried R.  B.  Smith.  Children  by  second  mar- 
riage :  3.  Edward,  died  aged  seven  years.  4. 
Sarah,  deceased.  5.  Esther,  married  Oliver 
Porter,  whom  she  survives,  a  resident  of 
Homer  X'illage,  New  York  (1911).  6.  Jane, 
married  (first)  William  S.  Newkirk;  (second) 
Henry  C.  Rogers,  and  resides  in  Cortland.  7. 
Elizabeth,  married  Brainard  N orris,  who  sur- 
vives her.  8.  Joseph,  died  aged  thirteen 
years.  9.  Edward,  now  president  of  the  First 
National  Bank,  of  Cortland ;  married  Hattie 
L.  Jones,  of  Wilkes-Barre,  Pennsylvania  ;  chil- 
dren :  Thomas,  born  November  12,  1890  ;  Oliver 
Porter,  November  9,  1892;  Martin  Derby,  July 
14,  1899.  10.  Mary,  marrieil  William  1".  Chad- 

(\'II)  Samuel,  eldest  son  and  child  of 
Thomas  and  his  first  wife  Sarah  (Sally) 
(  Slaughson )  Keator,  was  born  in  Roxbury,. 
Delaware  county,  New  York,  August  26,  1826. 
He  was  educated  in  the  public  schools ;  work- 
ed with  his  father  in  the  Roxbury  store  and  on 
reaching  the  age  of  twenty-one  years  was  ad 
mitted  to  a  partnership.  He  remained  in  busi- 
ness at  Ro.xbury  two  years  after  his  father's 
removal  to  Cortland,  then  disposed  of  his  en- 
tire interests  and  removed  to  Broome  county,. 
New  York,  where  he  took  charge  of  a  tannery, 
forming  a  partnership  with  his  father.  He 
continued  there  nine  years,  until  1865,  when  he 
removed  to  Cortland,  New  York,  which  has 
since  been  his  continuous  residence.  He  had 
large  farming  interests  and  dealt  extensively 
in  live  stock  for  many  years.  Upon  the  death 
of  Thoiuas  Keator,  in  1879,  he  succeetied  to 
the  presidency  of  the  First  National  Bank,  of 
Cortland,  holding  that  position  for  nine  years, 
and  is  still  a  member  of  the  board  of  directors. 
In  1903  Mr.  Keator  came  into  possession  of 
the  Cortland  Foundry  and  Machine  Shops., 
which  he  still  owns  and  operates.     He  has  led. 



an  exceedingly  busy,  active  life  and  the  success 
that  has  attended  his  efforts  has  been  fairly 
earned.  He  has  worthily  and  capably  filled 
every  station  in  life  to  which  he  has  been 
called,  shirked  no  duty  and  faithfully  executed 
every  trust.  He  is  a  Republican  in  politics, 
and  while  in  Delaware  county  was  town  col- 
lector. In  religious  faith  he  is  a  Presbyterian. 
He  married,  June  29,  1858.  Annie  S.  Stewart, 
born  in  Scotland,  died  in  Cortland  in  1903. 
Children:  i.  Sarah,  married  Charles  F.  Brown, 
a  leading  merchant  of  Cortland,  many  times  a 
member  of  the  state  legislature,  where  he  is  an 
important  and  useful  legislator ;  children : 
Florence  and  Thomas  Keator.  2.  Annie,  mar- 
ried Frank  J.  Peck,  of  Cortland ;  child,  Susan. 
3.  Clara,  married  Thomas  F.  Ward,  whom  she 
survives  :  children  :  Thomas  and  Madeline. 

"Burke's  Commoners,"  vol- 
WICKWIRE  ume  4,  states:  "The  family 
of  Ware  claims  a  descent 
from  Roger  de  Ware,  Lord  of  Isefield,  and  a 
Baron  of  Parliament  in  the  reign  of  Edward 
I."  The  founder  was  Jordan  Ue  la  War,  of 
Wick,  Gloucestershire,  England,  whose  de- 
scendants enjoyed  extensive  grants  of  land  in 
the  southern,  middle  and  western  counties  of 
England,  for  bravery  in  various  wars,  partic- 
ularly on  the  fields  of  Cressy  and  Poictiers. 
In  early  records  the  name  is  spelled :  War, 
Ware,  Warr,  Warre  and  Weare.  Arms  :  "Gules, 
a  lion  rampart  between  eight  crosslets,  argent." 
Crest :  "Out  of  a  ducal  coronet  or,  a  griffith's 
head  azure."  During  the  century  following  the 
grant  of  the  Manor  of  Wick  to  John  La  Warre 
(  1207)  the  Manor  gradually  acquired  the  name 
of  Wyke- Warre.  In  1290  the  parish  of  Wick- 
war  was  established.  The  advowson  of  the 
church  belonged  to  the  Warre  family,  passing 
from  them  after  the  death  of  Thomas.  Lord 
de  la  Warre,  governor  of  \'irginia,  when  the 
Manor  of  Wickwar  was  sold  to  Sir  Robert 
Ducie,  and  descended  to  his  heirs.  The  town 
of  Wickware  or  Wickwaire  lies  in  the  parish 
of  the  same  name  about  twenty-six  miles  south 
from  Gloucester  on  the  best  road  from  there 
to  Bath.  The  town  has  the  privilege  of  a 
weekly  market  and  a  yearly  fair,  granted  by 
Edward  I.  Wickware  as  a  surname  was  not  in 
use  until  1500  and  probably  first  came  from 
a  branch  of  the  family  resiiling  at  or  near  the 
Manor  of  Wick,  or  Wickwarre,  and  assumed 
that  name  to  distinguish  themselves  from  the 
main  l)ranch,  which  after  a  few  generations  had 

their  principal  seat  in  Sussex  county.  In  the 
earliest  entries,  the  name  is  spelled  Wyckwarre, 
Wyckwarr,  \\'yckware,  Wickwarre,  Wickwarr, 
and  Wickware.  There  are  many  entries  of  the 
name  prior  to  the  year  1700  in  various  parishes 
but  none  are  found  that  give  a  John  Wickwarr, 
whose  age  corresponds  with  the  supposed  age 
of  John  of  New  London  except  one.  John 
\A'ickware  baptized  May  18,  1656,  son  of  John 
Wickwarr,  of  Wotton-Under-Edge,  in  Glou- 
cestershire. His  father  died  when  he  was  less 
than  a  year  old  and  this  lack  of  a  paternal  care 
may  have  been  a  factor  in  his  determination 
to  seek  his  fortune  in  the  new  world.  The  fam- 
ily is  said  to  be  almost  extinct  in  England  and 
the  name  is  not  a  common  one  in  the  United 

( I )  John  \\'ickware  (Wickwire),  the  ances- 
tor of  the  American  family  uf  Wickware  and 
Wickwire,  settled  at  New  London,  Connecti- 
cut, in  1675.  He  is  supposed  to  have  been  the 
son  of  John  and  Mary  Wickware,  of  Wotton- 
Under-Edge,  England,  baptized  May  18,  1656, 
died  in  March  or  April,  1712.  He  was  a  soldier 
io  King  Philip's  war  and  was  engaged  in  the 
Great  Swamp  fight,  December  19,  1675,  when 
the  power  of  the  Narragansetts  was  broken. 
For  his  service  in  this  war,  he  afterwards  re- 
ceived from  the  general  court  a  grant  of  one 
hundred  and  forty  acres  of  land  in  Voluntown. 
His  name  appears  on  the  list  of  residents  in 
New  London,  in  1676;  he  settled  in  the  north 
parish  of  New  London,  now  known  as  Mont- 
ville.  He  was  one  of  the  seventy-seven  paten- 
tees of  New  London  named  in  the  patent  grant- 
ed by  Governor  Winthrop,  October  14,  1704. 
By  deed,  datetl  June  30,  1798,  he  and  Mary, 
his  wife,  granted  to  Rene  Grigon,  the  tract  of 
land  in  Voluntown,  received  for  his  service  in 
the  Indian  war.  At  the  time  of  his  death  he 
owned  several  tracts  of  land  besides  his  home- 
stead and  was  considered  a  man  of  wealth  for 
those  times.  The  use  of  the  word  "Mr."  be- 
fore his  name  in  the  clerk's  certificate  indicates 
the  social  position  as  it  was  only  applied  to 
men  of  social  rank.  He  married,  November  6, 
1676,  Mary,  daughter  of  George  and  Margery 
Tonge.  George  Tonge  was  an  early  settler  in 
New  London,  and,  in  1656,  the  general  town 
meeting  chose  him  to  keep  an  inn  for  five 
years.  In  those  times  only  trustworthy  citi- 
zens were  accorded  this  privilege.  In  the  same 
year  he  purchased  a  house  and  lot  on  the 
Thames  river,  "and  here  he  opened  the  house 
of  entertainment  which  he  kept  during  his  life 



and  which  being  continued  by  his  family,  was 
the  most  noted  inn  of  the  town  for  sixty 
years."  Children  of  John  and  Mary  (Tonge) 
Wickware :  i.  George,  born  October  4,  1677. 
2.  Christopher,  of  further  mention.  3.  John, 
born  December  2,  1685.  4.  EHzabeth,  born 
March  23,  1688-89  '<  married,  at  New  London, 
.September  9,  1708,  Jonas  Hamilton,  born  about 
1678,  son  of  David  Hamilton,  a  Scotchman  of 
Berwick,  Maine,  who  was  killed  by  the  In- 
dians, September  28,  1691.  He  and  his  wife 
were  baptized  at  New  London,  June  25,  1710. 
He  joined  the  church  at  New  London,  October 
8,  1738.  In  1748  Jonas  Hamilton  was  described 
in  a  petition  to  the  general  court  as  a  member 
of  the  church  in  the  parish  of  New  Salem. 
Children :  Jonathan,  Solomon,  Mary,  Eliza- 
beth, James,  Lucretia,  Daniel,  Ann.  5.  Jona- 
than, born  February  19,  1690-91.  6.  Peter, 
born  March  12,  1694.  7.  Ann,  born  Septem- 
ber 25,  1697  ;  married,  October  14,  1714,  James 
Brown,  of  Colchester,  who  was  probably  son 
of  James  and  Remembrance  (Brooks)  Brown, 
of  Colchester.  She  was  baptized  with  her 
daughter  Ann,  by  Rev.  James  Hillhouse,  Octo- 
ber 28,  1722.  Children:  James,  Ann,  Jonathan. 
(II)  Christopher  Wickwire,  second  son  of 
John  and  Mary  ( Tonge )  Wickware,  was  born 
January  8,  1679-80,  in  the  North  Parish  of 
New  London,  now  Montville.  On  January  16, 
1716-17,  he  conveyed  to  Lieutenant-Colonel 
John  Livingston  a  tract  of  land  at  New  Lon- 
don, the  deed  was  acknowledged  at  Norwich. 
One  of  the  points  described  in  the  deed  is  "a 
cellar  that  John  Wickwire  built."  In  1734  he 
removed  to  Lyme.  On  June  5,  1739,  Christo- 
pher Wickwire,  "of  New  London,  now  a  resi- 
dent in  Lyme,"  conveyed  to  Peter  Wickwire, 
his  farm  in  the  North  Parish,  near  Stony 
Brook.  He  married,  in  New  London,  Eliza- 
beth   .    Children:  i,  Ichabod,  of  further 

mention.  2.  .Solomon,  born  about  171 5.  "The 
Colonial  Records  of  Connecticut,"  volume  9, 
page  371,  show  that  in  May.  174S.  a  memorial 
was  presented  to  the  legislature  of  Connecti- 
cut by  Solomon  Wickwire  and  twenty-two 
others,  members  of  the  church  and  inhabitants 
of  the  society  or  parish  of  New  Salem,  "lying 
partly  in  Colchester  in  the  county  of  Hartford 
and  partly  in  Lyme  in  the  county  of  New 
Haven,"  praying  they  might  be  authorized  to 
call  a  minister  and  levy  a  ta.x  for  the  support 
of  the' church.  He  was  a  soldier  in  the  French 
and  Indian  war,  serving  in  Captain  Edmund 
Well's  Hebron  company,  in  1756.     3.  Nathan. 

4.  Elizabeth,  married  Joshua  Parker,  of  New 
London.  5.  Ann,  married  a  Mr.  Chapman, 
who  died  before  1747.  6.  Mary,  married  Na- 
thaniel Avery,  of  Lyme,  born  January  30, 
1702,  son  of  Samuel  and  Susannah  (  Palmes) 
Avery,  and  grandson  of  Captain  James  Avery. 
One  child,  Mary,  baptized  May  24,  1729.  7. 
James,  born  1725,  died  October  2^,  1726.  8. 
Zebediah,  baptized  March  22,  1729-30.  9. 

(  III  )  Ichabod,  son  of  Christopher  and  Eliz- 
abeth Wickwire,  was  born  about  1713,  died 
al)out  1763-64.  On  October  16,  1764,  his  son 
"Samuel  Wickwire  was  allowed  to  be  guardian 
to  Oliver  Wickwire,  bonds  given,  etc."  Oliver 
was  then  about  nineteen  years  of  age,  and  it  is 
])robable  that  the  appointment  was  necessary 
:ii  order  that  the  father's  estate  might  be  set- 
tled. About  1770  the  widow  and  children  re- 
moved to  Cornwall.  Ichabod  is  said  to  have 
served  in  the  French  and  Indian  war  and  to 
have  participated  under  General  Wolfe  in  the 
campaign  against  Quebec.  He  married,  at 
New  London,  March  19.  1736,  Deborah,  daugh- 
ter of  Jonathan  Fairbanks,«the  ancestor  of  the 
American  family,  who  came  from  Yorkshire, 
England,  to  Boston,  Massachusetts,  in  1633.  He 
had  a  son  Jonathan  who  was  a  soldier  in  King 
Philip's  war,  serving  in  the  Mount  Hope  and 
several  other  campaigns.  Children  of  Ichabod 
and  Deborah  (Fairbanks)  Wickwire:  i.  Sam- 
uel, liorn  1738;  married  Jane  Brown.  2.  Elisal, 
born  1740:  married  John  Gilbert.  He  was  a 
soldier  (  with  James  Wickwire  and  John  Grant ) 
in  Captain  .Stephen  Hosmer's  New  Salem  com- 
[lany.  in  the  French  and  Indian  war  in  1755. 
3.  Oliver,  of  further  mention.  4.  Ichabtid,  born 
1746:  married  (first)  Widow  Huntley,  mar- 
ried (second)  Submit  Ford,  February  27,  1794. 

(I\')  Oliver,  son  of  Ichabod  and  Deborah 
(  Fairbanks)  Wickwire,  was  born  in  1745,  died 
August  17,  1829.  Gold's  "History  of  Corn- 
wall" says :  "Oliver  Wickwire  came  from  New 
London  county  before  the  time  of  the  Revolu- 
tion. He  settled  in  the  old  road  long  since  dis- 
continued, running  northeast  from  near  Ches- 
ter Wickwire's.  His  nearest  neighbor  in  the 
south  was  James  Douglas."  The  house  of 
C)i'ver  Wickwire  was  situate  1  on  Cream  Hill, 
in  the  northern  part  <.)f  Cornwall.  His  son, 
Newton  C.  stated,  in  1901,  that  Oliver  served 
in  the  war  of  1812.  He  married  (first)  Lois 
r>eckvvith.  born  1752,  died  January  28,  1813. 
.She  and  her  husband  were  both  buried  at 
Ljmc    Rock.      He    married    (second)    Widow 



Mary  Gibbs  Havvley-  Children  by  first  mar- 
riage: I.  Esther,  born  1773,  at  Lyme;  married 
Lumaii  Howe ;  children :  Alvah  and  Lucretia. 
2.  Joseph,  born  1775,  at  Cornwall ;  died  Janu- 
ary 18.  1813.  3.  Joshua,  born  1781.  4.  Daniel, 
of  further  mention.  5.  Richard.  6.  Ransom. 
7.  Lois,  married  James  Robb.  of  Salisbury. 
Connecticut;  they  had  several  children.  8. 
Lucretia.  born  June  4.  1789;  married  Calvin 
Butler,  and  had  ten  children.  9.  Julia  D.,  mar- 
ried James  E.  Kellogg.  10.  Mary,  married 
Paul  Price,  born  1782,  son  of  Sergeant  Paul 
and  Sarah  (Berry)  (Viall)  Price,  of  Goshen, 
and  had  four  children.  Children  by  second 
marriage:  11.  Clarissa,  married  Lucius  Foote, 
born  June  22,  1815,  son  of  Colonel  Samuel 
and  Lucy  (Lord)  Foote.  12.  Newton  C,  born 
August  20,  1818.  13.  Jeannette,  born  1825: 
married  Charles  Page,  of  Aurora,  Illinois. 

(  V)  Daniel,  son  of  Oliver  and  Lois  (Beck- 
with )  Wickwire,  was  born  in  1782,  died  in 
1870.  In  April,  1825,  he  was  appointed  a 
member  of  a  committee  to  build  a  meeting- 
house for  the  society  of  North  Cornwall.  He 
was  the  owner  of  a  large  farm  of  over  a  thou- 
sand acres  in  Cream  Hill.  He  married,  at 
Cornwall,  December  30,  1803,  Mary  Scoville. 
Children:  i.  Irene,  born  January  12,  1806; 
married  Lewis  Dean,  and  died  March  3,  1824. 
at  birth  of  twins,  who  died  when  two  years 
old.  2.  Chester,  born  May  29,  1810.  3.  Ray- 
mond, of  further  mention.  4.  Mary,  born  De- 
cember 28,  1817,  died  July  30,  1850;  married 
Joseph  Kinney,  of  Cortland,  New  \'ork ;  chil- 
dren:  .-Kmelia,  married  Daniel  Smith,  after  her 
death  he  married  Sarah  Jane  Wickwire  ;  Helen, 
died  unmarried ;  Edgar,  deceased. 

(VI)  Raymond,  son  of  Daniel  and  Mary 
(Scoville)  Wickwire,  was  born  January  28, 
1816.  died  at  Cortland,  New  York,  September 
4,  1866.  He  married,  at  McGrawville,  New 
York,  February  2/,  1840,  Elmira,  daughter  of 
Homer  B.  Greenman,  born  at  Stephcntown, 
New  York,  son  of  Benjamin  Greenman,  born 
at  Block  Island.  Rhode  Island.  Homer  B. 
Greenman  married  Rachel,  daughter  of  David 
Waterbury,  born  at  Nassau.  New  York.  Ray- 
mond Wickwire  resided  at  Cortland.  New  York. 
Children:  i.  Mary  Celcstia.  born  February  13, 
1841  :  married,  September  18.  1861,  Edward 
Stilson,  born  July  i,  1839,  died  October  23, 
1868,  son  of  Ansyl  Ford  and  Susan  (Dewey) 
Stilson;  children  i.  Arthur  Ford,  born  Decem- 
ber 9,  1864.  married,  January  22.  1890,  Carrie 
Louise,  daughter  of  Henry  F.  and  Carrie  (Put- 

nam )  Benton.  Mrs.  Stilson  is  an  active  member 
of  the  Daughters  of  the  American  Revolution; 
children:  a.  Raymond  Putnam,  born  October  ii, 
1892,  died  December  11,  1893;  b.  Chester  Ben- 
ton, born  January  16,  1896;  ii.  Edward,  born 
March  9,  1867,  married,  March  4,  1891,  Mar- 
tha, daughter  of  Frank  \\\  Collins;  children: 
a.  Georgia  Jennette,  born  July  22,  1892;  b. 
Mary  Wickwire,  born  July  13,  1894;  c.  Laura 
Ford,  born  November  15,  1895;  d.  Edward, 
born  November  18,  1899.  2.  Chester  Franklin, 
of  further  mention.  3.  Chauncey  John,  born 
May  22,  1845,  died  October  14,  1872,  unmar- 
ried. 4.  Ella  Adelia.  born  January  13.  1849; 
married,  August  19,  1868,  Charles  W.  Sanders, 
M.  D.,  of  New  York  City,  son  of  Charles  W. 
Sanders,  the  author  of  "Sander's  Series  of 
School  Books."  He  graduated  from  Columbia 
College,  and  from  the  College  of  Physicians 
and  Surgeons  in  1878;  children:  i.  Grace  Eliz- 
abeth, born  August  18.  1870,  graduated  at 
\'assar  in  1890;  married  John  Hicks  Macy  (2), 
November  7,  1894;  he  died  in  1903;  children: 

a.  John  Hicks  (3),  born  .September  22,  1895; 

b.  Grace  Elinor,  born  August  31,  1897;  ii. 
Mary  Noxon,  born  November  6,  1876,  gradu- 
ated at  \'assar  in  1896,  class  president ;  mar- 
ried William  Henry  Hays,  October  19,  1898: 
he  graduated  at  Columbia  in  1896;  he  is  a 
member  of  the  L^niversity  Club;  children:  a. 
Ethel  Sanders,  born  June  12,  1901  ;  b.  Will- 
iam Henry  (2),  born  May  3,  1903;  c.  Grace, 
born  March  I,  1907;  iii.  Ethel  Blanche,  born 
February  28,  1879,  graduated  at  Miss  Brown's 
school  in  1897;  married  William  Stocking 
Gould,  April  20,  1898;  children:  a.  ?Ie!en 
Sanders,  born  June  18,  1900;  b.  William  Stock- 
ing (2),  born  Septetpber  12,  1903;  c.  Marian 
Ethel,  born  January  18.  1906.  5.  Theodore 
H.,  of  further  mention. 

(VII)  Chester  Franklin  Wickwire,  son  of 
Raymond  \Vickwire,  was  born  on  the  home- 
stead on  the  hill  south  of  McCjrawville,  May 
31,  1843,  ^T^l  '"IS  attended  the  public  schools 
o*  Cortlandville.  In  1865  he  came  to  Cort- 
land village  and  started  a  grocery  store  in 
the  north  part  of  the  Riley  building  on  the 
west  side  of  Main  street,  at  what  is  now  16 
Main  street.  For  forty-five  years  he  continued 
in  active  and  successful  business  there.  He 
died  Septemljer  14,  1910,  and  he  was  active 
until  a  few  days  before  his  death.  After  about 
a  year,  however,  he  sold  his  grocery  stock  and 
continued  in  the  hardware  business  in  the  same 
store,  under  the  firm  name  of  C.  F.  Wickwire 

I  Xj'^ir^^r.iiLi 




&  Company,  his  father  being  in  partnership. 
When  his  father  died  about  a  year  later,  his 
younger  brother,  Chauiicey  J.,  succeeded  to  his 
interests.  Chauncey  J.  died  October  14,  1872, 
and  was  succeeded  in  the  firm  by  the  youngest 
brother,  Theodore  H.  Wickwire,  the  name 
being  changed  then  to  Wickwire  Brothers,  and 
thus  it  lias  continued  since.  The  firm  bought 
the  Rose  building  on  the  opposite  side  of  Main 
street.  It  was  destroyed  by  fire  in  February, 
1884,  after  which  the  present  four-story  brick 
Wickwire  building  was  erected.  The  store 
has  been  located  in  this  building  since  its  erec- 
tion. In  1873  an  old  loom  came  into  the  pos- 
session of  the  firm  in  the  way  of  trade,  and 
Chester  F.  Wickwire,  who  was  gifted  with 
inventive  genius  and  mechanical  skill,  began  to 
experiment  with  the  loom  in  wire  weaving  and 
succeeded  in  making  it  operate  perfectly.  In 
1873,  accordingly,  the  firm  began  with  the  old 
loom  to  manufacture  wire  screen  and  other 
wire  goods  in  a  small  building  at  the  rear  of 
the  store.  More  looms  were  added  and  the 
business  grew  rapidly.  The  factory  was  en- 
larged until  it  occupied  all  the  available  space 
within  the  square.  In  1876  the  hardware  store 
was  sold,  and  in,  1881,  the  firm  began  to  draw 
fine  wire  for  use  in  the  business,  erecting  a 
large  brick  factory  for  the  purpose  on  South 
Main  street.  In  1884  the  wire  weaving  and 
wire  goods  departments  were  moved  to  this 
location.  The  business  was  incorporated  in 
1892,  under  the  same  name,  Wickwire  Brothers, 
of  which  Chester  F.  Wickwire  was  president, 
and  Theodore  H.  W'ickwire,  treasurer.  Other 
additions  were  made  from  time  to  time.  A  rod 
mill,  an  open-hearth  steel  plant  and  other  de- 
partments were  added.  This  industry  became 
the  most  important  in  Cortland.  The  present 
plant  occupies  thirty-six  acres  of  land,  nearly 
covered  with  buildings.  It  is  also  known  as 
the  largest  and  best  equipped  factory  for  tlie 
manufacture  of  wire  goods  in  this  country. 
The  machinery  used  in  weaving,  spooling, 
painting  and  finishing  wire  cloth  was  largely 
invented  by  Mr.  Wickwire,  and  nearly  all  built 
for  the  concern.  lie  could  operate  all  the 
machines  and  knew  every  detail  of  the  manu- 
facture, and  he  used  to  spend  much  time  in 
watching  the  machinery  and  making  improve- 
ments in  operations,  to  increase  the  efficiency 
or  production.  He  was  always  respected  and 
liked  by  his  employees.  He  avoided  labor 
troubles  through  his  fairness  and  considerate- 


He  was  a  clirector  of  the  First  National 
Bank  for  many  years  and  previously  had  been 
director  of  other  banks.  He  was  interested 
keenly  in  public  alYairs  and  gave  his  time  free- 
Iv  to  public  duties.  He  was  appointed,  June 
6,  1892,  one  of  the  five  sewer  commissioners  in 
charge  of  constructing  a  sewer  system  for  Cort- 
land, and,  in  iqoo,  the  same  sewer  board  be- 
came' under  the  city  charter  the  board  of 
public  works.  The  same  men  continued  in 
office  afterward  and  Mr.  Wickwire's  death 
brought  the  first  change  in  a  remarkably  able 
and  efficient  commission.  Mr.  Wickwire  was 
determined  to  have  public  work  performed 
right,  and  he  had  peculiar  opportunities  to 
carry  out  his  wishes  and  determination.  The 
slag  with  which  the  streets  are  paved  was 
given  by  Wickwire  Brothers  to  the  city,  and 
even  the  cost  of  crushing  and  preparing  this 
material  for  the  roads  was  borne  by  Wickwire 
Brothers.  For  many  years  Mr.  Wickwire  was 
a  trustee  of  the  Presbyterian  church.  For  all 
public  charities  and  many  private  needs  he  has 
given  freely.  His  greatest  single  gift  was  the 
handsome  new  hos|)ital,  which  was  nearly  com- 
pleted at  the  time  of  his  death,  and  which  he 
gave  to  the  city  and  county.  For  many  years 
he  was  on  the  board  of  trustees  of  the  hospital 
and  always  gave  liberally  of  his  tiiue  as  well 
as  his  money  for  this  institution.  He  took  the 
greatest  personal  interest  in  superintending  the 
erection  of  the  building.  He  made  various 
changes  from  time  to  time  to  improve  the 
hospital,  bearing  cheerfully  the  added  cost,  and 
it  is  believed  that  the  total  value  of  the  gift 
was  fully  a  hundred  thousand  dollars.  The 
forenoon  before  he  suffered  the  fatal  stroke  of 
paralysis  he  had  spent  at  the  hospital.  The 
building  will  be  one  of  the  finest  memorials 
to  the  first  citizen  of  Cortland.  Mr.  Wickwire 
was  also  director  of  the  Wickwire  Steel  Com- 
pany, incorporated  in  1907,  having  a  large, 
modern  plant  on  the  Niagara  river,  just  north 
of  Bufifalo.     T.  H.  Wickwire  Jr.  is  treasurer. 

The  following  editorial  from  the  Cortland 
Daily  Standard  shows  the  appreciation  of  Mr. 
Wickwire's  character  and  service  to  the  com- 
munity : 

It  is  only  the  simple  truth  to  say  that  the  death  of 
no  other  citizen  of  Cortland  could  cause  the  wide- 
spread and  deeply-felt  loss  which  follows  upon  the 
death  of  Chester  F.  Wickwire.  Xo  other  citizen 
has  done  so  much  for  the  place  in  so  many  ways,  or 
has  shown  such  interest  and  pride  in  its  progress 
and  welfare.  More  than  any  one  else  he  has  con- 
tributed to  make  Cortland   what  it   is,   not   only  by 



laying  the  foundations  of  the  great  business  of  which 
he  was  head  and  lending  his  remarkable  mechanical 
genius  and  sound  judgment  tu  building  it  up  to  its 
present  proportions,  but  by  years  of  faithful,  intelli- 
gent and  self-sacrificing  service  on  its  board  of  pub- 
lic works,  and  last  of  all  by  the  splendid  gift  which 
he  recently  made  the  city  in  the  hospital  building 
which  is  not  yet  completed.  He  was  quiet  and  mod- 
est, simple  and  sincere,  kindly  and  genuine.  His 
word  was  never  given  to  be  broken,  and  his  sym- 
pathies and  acts  were  always  on  the  side  of  that 
which  was  straight  and  square  and  right.  Careful 
in  reacliing  his  conclusions,  he  stood  like  a  rock  when 
his  mind  was  made  up.  -And  there  was  throughout 
his  whole  career  an  unwavering  faithfulness  and 
perseverence  and  loyalty  in  whatever  his  hands  found 
to  do  which  won  admiration  and  commanded  success. 
The  story  of  the  great  mills  which  grew  up  from 
the  seed  of  an  old  liand-wire  loom  under  the  touch 
of  the  genius  of  the  man  reads  like  a  fairy  tale  of 
American  business.  Opportunity  knocked  at  his  door 
and  did  not  knock  in  vain.  But  not  one  man  in  a 
million  would  have  made  of  the  opportunity  \vhat  he 
did,  and  even  he  had  no  vision  of  what  it  would 
bring  in  its  train.  He  simply  saw  a  piece  of  machin- 
ery to  be  put  in  order  and  then  improved,  and  he 
did  the  work  and  did  it  well.  .And  so  it  was  with 
every  demand  which  increasing  business  and  enlarg- 
ing outlook  put  upon  him.  He  did  the  day's  duties  to 
the  best  of  his  ability,  without  self-consciousness  or 
greed,  and  he  grew  and  things  about  him  grew  with 

Those  who  worked  with  him  and  under  him  liked 
him  and  respected  him.  He  had  done  work  and  the 
hardest  kind  of  work  himself,  he  knew  what  a  fair 
day's  work  was,  and  he  was  never  unreasonable  or 
exacting,  but  always- appreciative  of  intelligent  and 
efficient  effort.  Few  employers  have  commanded  to 
a  greater  degree  the  sincere  affection  and  coniidence 
of  their  employees. 

As  he  was  in  business,  so  he  was  in  his  social  and 
domestic  life.  He  was  a  true  friend,  a  kind  and  gen- 
erous husband  and  father,  a  public-spirited  and  right- 
minded  citizen.  Friends  who  were  closest  to  him 
believe  that  what  he  had  already  done  for  his  city 
in  the  gift  of  a  hospital  building  by  no  means 'repre- 
sented all  that  he  had  in  mind.  While  few  men  as 
busy  as  he  was  give  the  public  more  and  better  serv- 
ice than  he  gave  to  Cortland  by  his  years  of  member- 
ship on  its  board  of  public  works,  his  modesty  led 
him  to  think  that  he  had  done  little  where  he  might 
have  done  much,  and  had  his  life  been  spared  it 
would  undoubtedly  have  been  still  richer  in  labors 
and  benefits  for  his  fellow  townsmen. 

His  death  means  a  loss  to  Cortland  which  no  one 
can  estimate.  He  was  its  most  honored  and  valiied 
citizen.  He  leaves  a  vacancy  in  the  community  which 
cannot  be  filled.  And  there  is  a  universal  and  heart- 
felt sympathy  with  those  to  whom  he  stood  in  the 
closest  relations  and  upon  whom  his  death  falls  with 
a  weight  all  the  harder  to  bear  because  he  was 
stricken  down  in  apparent  health  and  with  the  pros- 
pect of  years  of  usefulness  before  him. 

He  married.  October  2,  i8(t6,  Ardell  L., 
daughter  of  Sinieon  and  Sabrina  ( Rowley ) 
Rouse,  of  Cortland.  Children:  i.  Ra^^mond 
Chester,   born   .August   2,    1872,  died  January 

15,  1878.  2.  Charles  Chester,  born  June  23. 
1879,  mentioned  below.  3.  Frederic  Ross,  born 
January  16,  1883,  graduated  from  Andover, 
1902:  graduated  from  Yale,  1905;  a  director 
and  secretary  of  Wickwire  Brothers ;  also  di- 
rector in  Wickwire  Steel  Company,  and  suc- 
ceeded his  father  on  the  hospital  board. 

(\'III)  Charles  Chester,  second  son  of  Ches- 
ter I'ranklin  and  Ardell  L.  ( Rouse )  Wick- 
wire, was  born  in  Cortland,  New  York,  Jtme 
23,  1879.  He  was  educated  at  Cortland  Normal 
Sthool  and  Phillips  Academy,  at  Andover,  Mas- 
sachusetts, being  graduated  from  the  latter 
class  of  1898.  Immediately  upon  the  comjdc- 
tion  of  his  studies,  he  entered  upon  an  active 
business  life,  becoming  associated  with  his 
father  in  the  manufacturing  plant  of  "Wick- 
wire llrothers,"  in  Cortland.  He  rapidly  de- 
velope  1  fine  executive  qualities,  and,  in  1907, 
was  elected  vice-president  of  the  corporation, 
an  office  he  now  fills  (1911).  He  holds  other 
positions  of  trust  and  is  interested  in  other 
enterprises,  including  membership  on  the  board 
of  directors  of  the  National  Bank,  of  Cortland  ; 
director  of  Wickwire  Steel  Company,  near 
Buffalo.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Presbyterian 
church.  In  1904  he  was  presidential  elector, 
and  succeeded  his  father  on  the  board  of  public 
works.  Politically  he  is  a  Republican.  He 
married,  October  9,  1902,  Mabel  Louise,  daugh- 
ter of  Hon.  Lawrence  Fitzgerald,  ex-state 
treastirer  of  New  York.  She  was  educated  in 
the  Cortland  schools,  and  at  Smith  College, 
where  she  was  graduated  in  class  of  1901. 
Children:  Helen  .\rdell.  born  September  18. 
1904:  Charlotte  Rouse,  March  20,  1909. 

(  VII )  Theodore  H.,  youngest  child  of  Ray- 
mond and  Elmira  (  Greenman  )  Wickwire,  was 
born  in  Cortland,  New  York,  March  29,  1851. 
In  1873,  '"  association  with  his  brother,  Ches- 
ter Franklin  Wickwire  (now  deceased),  he 
engaged  in  the  mantifacture  of  wire  cloth  and 
wire  goods,  under  the  firm  name  "Wickwire 
Brothers."  The  business  steadily  increased  in 
volume,  and,  in  1892,  was  incorporated  umler 
the  same  name,  with  Chester  F.  Wickwire, 
president,  and  Theodore  H.  Wickwire,  treas- 
urer. The  plant  is  very  large  and  is  well 
e(|tiipped  with  special  machinery  invented  by 
members  of  the  company.  Mr.  Wickwire  has 
numerous  other  business  activities.  He  is  presi- 
dent of  the  Wickwire  Steel  Company,  with 
plant  on  the  Niagara  river,  just  north  of  Buf- 
falo :  vice-president  of  First  National  Bank, 
of  Cortland  ;  director  of  the  Second  National 



Bank,  of  Cortland  ;  chairman  of  the  board  of 
trustees  of  the  First  Presbyterian  Church,  of 
Cortland  ;  secretary  of  the  local  board  of  the 
Cortland  State  Normal  School ;  director  of  the 
Albany  Theological  Seminary,  and  other  minor 
interests.  In  1896  he  was  presidential  electur 
for  the  state  of  New  York,  on  the  ticket  of  the 
Reiniblican  party.  He  married,  June  12,  1878, 
iMiinia  \'.  Woodmansee.  Children:  i.  Theo- 
dore Harry,  born  at  Cortland,  New  York,  April 
6,  1879;  prepared  for  college  at  Phillips  An- 
dover  Academy,  whence  he  was  graduated 
1898;  entered  Yale  University,  being  gratlu- 
ated  in  1903,  with  the  degree  of  A.  B. ;  mar- 
ried, at  Brooklyn,  New  York,  October,  1903, 
Sophie  Bremmer,  daughter  of  Charles  Gor- 
hani  Hedge,  and  has  sons,  Theodore  Harry 
(2),  born  September  27,  1906,  and  Hedge  W'.. 
born  February,  1910.  2.  Jere  Raymond,  born 
Jul\-  3,  1883:  graduated  at  Phillips  Andover 
Academy,  1902:  Yale  L'niversity,  1906,  degree 
of  A.  P>. ;  married,  April  21,  1908,  Constant 
Lounsberry,  daughter  of  Isaac  Bradley  John- 
son, of  New  York  City;  one  child,  Jere  R.  Jr.. 
born  March  31,  191 1.  3.  Ward  .\llington,  born 
March  31,  1885  :  entered  Yale  University,  class 
of   1909.     4.   Harriet  Allington. 

The  Kinney  family  of  Cortland, 
KINNEY  New  York,  trace  their  ancestry 
in  unbroken  male  line  to  the 
emigrant  who  landed  in  New  England  more 
than  two  and  one-half  centuries  ago.  He  was 
of  English  birth,  son  of  a  titled  Englishman, 
and  was  doubtless  reared  in  aflluence.  Like 
many  of  his  day  he  demanded  for  himself  en- 
tire freedom  in  matters  of  religion,  and  being 
denied  in  his  native  land,  he  joined  the  tide  of 
emigration  flowing  to  Holland,  the  one  bright 
s]X)t  in  Europe  where  religion  was  conceded 
to  be  a  matter  of  personal  arljustment  and  not 
to  be  governed  by  dictate  of  jirince  or  church 

(II)  Henry  Kinney,  born  in  England,  in 
1642,  was  the  son  of  Sir  Thomas  Kinney,  of 
Norfolk,  England,  who  had  been  knighted  for 
n  valuable  service  rendered  his  king.  Henry 
Kinney  came  to  America  from  Holland,  in 
1633,  and  settled  on  a  farm  at  Salem,  Massa- 
chusetts, where  he  died  in  1712.  He  served  in 
King  Philip's  war:  was  a  prosperous  farmer, 
and  a  most  religious  man,  often  officiating  at 
public  service  endeavoring  by  precept  and  ex- 
ample to  advance  the  cause  of  his  Master. 
He  held  public  office  in  Salem,  where  his  name 

is  found  as  Keyney,  Kenney,  Kenny,  Kinney 
and  Kinne.  He  married  Anna .  Chil- 
dren: John,  born  1651  ;  Thomas,  of  further 
mention;  Hannah,  born  1658:  Mary,  1659; 
Sarah,  1661  ;  Elizabeth,  it)()2 ;  Lydia,  1666; 
Henry,   1669. 

(III)  Thomas,  second  son  of  Henry  Kin- 
ney, was  born  in  Salem,  Massachusetts,  1656, 
died  in  that  town,  1687.  His  name  appears  in 
the  "First  Booke  of  record  of  ye  proprietors 
of  ye  common  lands  in  Salem  and  of  their  first 
meeting  which  was  ye  29  day  of  June,  1713,  in 
a  list  of  ye  proprietors,"  as  Thomas  Kenney 
He  was  also  a  farmer  and  a  religious  man.  He 
married,  1677,  Elizabeth  Knight,  who  bore  him 
four  sons. 

(IV)  Thomas  (2),  eldest  son  of  Thomas 
(  I  )  and  Elizabeth  (  Knight  )  Kinney,  was  bo.rn 
at  Salem,  Alas.sachusetts,  1678,  died  at  Preston, 
Connecticut,  October  i,  1756.  In  1715  he  sold 
his  Salem  property  and  removed  to  Preston 
(now  Griswold),  Connecticut.  When  he  made 
deeds  for  his  Salem  property  he  signed  his 
name  Kinne  and  carried  that  spelling  to  Con- 
necticut with  him.  His  gravestone  on  the 
banks  of  the  Tackany  bore  the  same  form 
which  is  still  adhered  to  by  some  branches  of 
his  descendants.  He  was  one  of  the  founders 
and  a  deacon  of  the  "Second  Church  of  Christ" 
in  Preston,  now  the  First  Congregational 
Church,  of  Griswold.  He  married  Martha 
Cox,  who  bore  him,  between  1702  and  1727, 
ten  sons  and  six  daughters.  His  eldest  son. 
Jeremiah,  died  in  \'oluntown,  Connecticut; 
married  Mary  Strackweather  and  had  thir- 
teen children ;  another  son.  David,  married 
Eunice  Cogswell,  who  bore  him  twelve  chil- 
dren, of  whom  the  eighth.  Elizabeth,  was  the 
mother  of  eleven  children.  Amos,  fifth  child, 
married  Sarah  Palmer,  and  had  eight  children. 
His  son  served  in  the  revolution,  as  did  twenty- 
two  others  of  the  name  Kinne  from  Connecti- 

(\  )  Moses,  sixth  scjn  of  TiKimas  (2)  and 
Martha  (Cox)  Kinney,  was  born  in  Salem. 
Massachusetts.  May  8,  17 10,  died  in  \'olun- 
town.  Connecticut,  1798.  He  married  Abigail 
Read.     Among  their  children  was  Ira. 

(  \'I)  Ira,  son  of  Moses  and  Abigail  (  Read) 
Kinney,  was  born  in  Vokmtown.  Connecticut. 

August  7,  1740.     He  married  Miriam , 

and  had  a  son  Moses. 

(\'II)  Moses  (2),  son  of  Ira  and  ^Miriam 
Kinney,  was  born  June  7.  1768.  died  at  Cort- 
land, New  York,  1853.     In  the  vear  1800  he 



was  living  in  Preston.  Connecticut,  from 
whence  he  departed  on  this  long  overland  jour- 
ney to  Cortland  county,  New  York,  where  he 
had  selected  a  farm  in  the  town  of  Homer,  one 
and  one-half  miles  east  of  the  village  of  Cort- 
land. His  journey  took  him  through  an  un- 
broken wilderness  filled  with  the  wild  things  of 
the  forest,  ever  ready  to  do  him  harm.  The 
journey,  however,  was  safely  made.  He  im- 
proved his  farm  to  such  an  extent  that  it  was 
considered  one  of  the  very  best  in  Cortland 
county.  In  the  spring  of  1836  he  sold  this 
farm  to  his  son  Gilmore,  realizing  $6,000  for 
it.  He  then  settled  in  the  village  of  Cortland, 
where  he  resided  until  his  death.  In  early  life 
he  united  with  the  Presbyterian  church  and 
lived  according  to  the  strict  tenets  of  that  faith. 
His  punctuality  and  regularity  at  church  serv- 
ices were  proverbial  and  the  story  is  told  of 
his  horses  running  or  walking  away,  going  to 
the  church  where  they  stopped  long  enough 
for  the  family  to  alight  (had  they  been  there), 
then  proceeding  to  the  church  sheds  and  stand- 
ing orderly  until  Moses  came  after  them.  He 
was  very  positive  in  his  opinions  and  exceed- 
ingly loath  to  admit  himself  in  the  wrong,  but 
so  sturdy  and  inflexible  in  his  integrity  that  he 
held  the  respect  of  all.  He  was  appointed 
lieutenant  of  militia,  April  8,  and  ensign,  April 
29,  1805,  his  commission  bearing  the  signature 
of  Governor   Morgan   Lewis,   of   New   York. 

He  married  (first)  Adah ,  who  died  in 

Homer,  New  York,  February  23,  1810,  only 
surviving  the  burdens  of  a  pioneer's  wife  ten 
years.  In  1811  he  married  (second)  Polly 
Forbes,  who  died  in  Cortland,  New  ^'ork, 
April  13,  1838.  Children  by  first  wife:  i.  Bet- 
sey, born  September  10,  1789,  died  at  Delevan, 
Wisconsin  ;  ten  children.  2.  Moses,  born  March 
II,  1792.  died  June  i,  1849,  vvithout  issue.  3. 
Lorin,  born  September  18,  1794,  died  July  29, 
1 81 5,  without  issue.  4.  Gilmore,  of  further 
mention.  5.  Clarissa,  born  August  27,  1799, 
died  July  11,  1815.  6.  Azor,  born  October  13, 
1803.  7.  Olinda,  born  January  28,  180C). 
8.  Giles,  born  February  9,  1808.  Children  by 
second  marriage :  9.  Norman,  born  January  25, 
1812,  died  May  22,  1875.  10.  Adah,  born  No- 
vember 22,  1813,  died  January  28,  1819.  11. 
Anna,  born  February  23,  1816.  12.  Frances 
A.,  born  July  10,  1818.  13.  Esther  A.,  born 
February  14,  1822.  14.  Ronielia  F.,  born  June 
29.  1829. 

(Mil)   (iilmorc,  fdurth  cliild  of  Moses  (2) 
and  his  first  wife,  .\dah  Kinney,  was  born  July 

22,  1796,  at  Preston,  Connecticut,  died  at  Mc- 
(jrawville,  Cortland  county.  New  York,  De- 
cember 16,  1856.  He  came  to  Cortland  county 
with  his  parents  in  1800.  He  assisted  in  wrest- 
ing the  farm  from  its  wild  uncultivated  state, 
obtaining  his  education  at  a  school  three  miles 
distant,  taking  turns  with  his  two  other  brothers, 
during  the  three  winter  months  of  school.  He 
remained  with  his  father  until  his  marriage, 
then  rented  a  farm  on  the  share  plan,  meeting 
with  indifl'crent  success.  About  1828  he  was 
elected  constable  anfl  was  reelected  seven  suc- 
cessive years.  During  his  last  three  years  of 
office  he  was  also  under-sheriff  and  lived  in 
the  Cortland  county  jail,  then  located  at  the 
west  end  of  Court  street,  in  Cortland  Village. 
In  1836  he  purchased  the  homestead  farm  of 
his  father,  moved  there,  where  he  continued 
his  residence  until  the  spring  of  1840,  when 
he  sold  the  entire  property  of  one  hundred  and 
seventy-five  acres  and  removed  to  Cortland 
X'illage,  remaining  until  the  following  Decem- 
ber. For  the  next  seven  years  he  was  owner 
and  proprietor  of  the  McGrawville  Hotel;  dis- 
posing of  that  property  he  purchased  a  home 
just  west  of  the  hotel,  where  he  lived  until  his 
death.  He  was  a  successful  man  of  business 
and  left  his  family  a  competence.  He  joined 
the  Presbyterian  church  when  young,  but  in 
later  life  adopted  more  liberal  views  and  firm- 
ly believed  in  future  happiness  for  all.  He 
was  a  Whig  in  politics.    He  married,  February 

23,  1819,  Lois  Noble.  Children:  i.  Lorin  A., 
born  January  20,  1820,  tlied  May  17,  1836.  2. 
(Jrson  .Alonzo.  of  further  mention.  3.  Minerva 
A.,  born  January  9,  1823.  died  June  7,  1843. 
4.  Selina,  born  February  i,  1824;  married, 
February  i,  1866,  Alanson  Pike.  5.  Clarissa 
M.,  born  April  28,  1827:  married,  June  13. 
1850,  Lucius  Babcock.  6.  Edwin  R.,  born 
January  13,  1831  :  married,  January  14.  1852. 
Eleanor  Decker ;  children :  Arthur,  Emma, 
Mary,  Edwin,  who  died  June  4,  1857. 

(IX)  Orson  .\lonzo,  second  son  of  Gilmore 
and  Lois  (Noble)  Kinney,  was  born  in  Cort- 
land, New  York,  October  31,  1821,  died  at  Mc- 
Grawville, New  York,  June  17,  1896.  He 
attended  the  common  schools,  and  early  began 
working  on  his  father's  farm,  first  settled  by 
his  grandfather,  Moses  Kinney.  There  was  a 
great  deal  of  stock  raised  on  the  farm  and 
(irson  A.  made  trips  across  country  to  Phila- 
delphia, driving  the  cattle,  which  were  dis- 
posed of  on  arrival  at  the  city  mentioned.  In 
1846  he  settled  about  two  miles  south  of  Mc- 



Grawville,  on  a  farm,  remaining  there  until 
1857,  when  he  removed  to  Blodgett's  Mills. 
In  1870  he  returned  to  the  village  of  McGraw- 
ville,  where  he  lived  until  his  death.  He  dealt 
extensively  in  real  estate,  built  many  residences 
and  did  much  to  improve  McGrawville ;  was 
town  trustee  many  years  and  aided  greatly  in 
every  movement  for  the  advancement  of  the 
town.  He  was  prominent  in  the  Independent 
Order  of  Odd  Fellows;  was  for  twenty  years 
a  member  of  the  old  lodge  and  became  a  char- 
ter member  of  the  new  lodge  instituted  in 
1880;  held  the  rank  of  past  noble  grand  at  the 
time  of  his  death.  He  was  a  Democrat  in 
politics.  He  married  (first)  February  25, 
1846.  lulia  E.  (jreenman,  of  Solon,  New  York, 
born  February  29.  1824,  died  July  24,  1876. 
He  married  (second)  Nancy  E.  Lamont,  of 
McGrawville.     Children,  all  by  first  marriage ; 

I.  Clarissa,  born  January  7,  1847,  died  Octo- 
ber 28,    1861.     2.   Clara  .Augusta,  born  .\pril 

II.  1848,  died  October  20.  1861.  3.  Roger, 
born  .April  10,  1850,  died  December  20,  1863. 
4.  Gilmore,  born  January  2,  1852,  resident  of 
\\'eehawken,  New  Jersey :  married  Celia  Os- 
born  :  children:  Benjamin,  born  May  6,  1875; 
Montrose,  September  22,  1876;  Julia,  Febru- 
ary 8,  1880:  Clarine,  Alarch  25,  1883;  (Jilmore, 
June  9,  1886:  Charles,  February  7,  1889.  5. 
Julia  Etta,  born  May  29,  1834:  married  Colo- 
nel Daniel  S.  Lamont:  children:  Elizabeth, 
born  December  i,  1881  ;  Julia,  September  22, 
1883,  died  August  26,  1902;  Frances  Cleve- 
land, November  18,  1888;  Catherine.  Cktober 
II.  1896.  6.  Orson  A.  (2),  of  further  men- 
tion. 7.  Jessie,  born  December  21,  i8()8,  died 
February  19,  1871. 

( X )  Orson  Alonzo  ( 2 ) ,  son  of  Orson  Alonzo 
fi)  and  Julia  E.  (Greenman)  Kinney,  was 
born  in  Rlodgetts  J^Iills,  Cortland  county.  New 
York,  February  8,  1866.  He  was  educated  at 
AIcGrawville  Free  Academy,  and  on  leaving 
school  at  the  age  of  seventeen  years  associated 
with  his  brother  for  several  years,  engaged  in 
ranching  in  Kansas.  From  1888  until  1892  he 
was  cashier  of  the  First  National  ISank,  of 
Dighton,  Kansas.  In  1892  he  returned  to 
Cortland  and  until  1899  was  employed  in  the 
ofifices  of  the  "Wickwire  Brothers"  manufac- 
turing plant.  In  1899  he  was  elected  secretary 
of  the  H.  F.  Benton  Lumber  Company  (  estab- 
lished in  1866.  incorporated  in  1899),  and  ujion 
the  death  of  Mr.  Benton,  in  1910,  was  elected 
president  of  the  corporation,  which  position  he 
now   holds    (1911).     He   is   an   elder   of   the 

Presbyterian  church,  of  Cortland  :  member  of 
the  McGrawville  Lodge,  Independent  Order 
of  Odd  Fellows,  and  of  the  Cortlandville 
Lodge,  Free  and  Accepted  Masons.  Politically 
he  is  a  Democrat.  He  married  (first),  Octo- 
ber 26,  1887,  Sadie  G.  Taylor,  born  December 
29,  1865,  died  .August  29,  1893,  daughter  of 
\Vilson  Taylor,  of  East  Palestine,  Ohio.  He 
married  (second),  November  19,  1896,  Mar- 
garet Townsend,  of  Moravia,  New  York,  born 
February  8,  1872,  daughter  of  James  J.  and 
Amy  (.Arnold)  Townsend.  Children:  I.  Mar- 
garet Reade,  born  September  16,  1901.  2. 
Orson  .Alonzo  (3),  born  April  21,  1903,  died 
March  10,  1904.  3.  Daniel  Lamont,  born  July 
22,  1905. 

Lieutenant  William  Clark,  immi- 
CL.ARK  grant  ancestor,  was  born  in  Dor- 
setshire, England,  in  1609.  Ac- 
cording to  family  tradition,  he  came  to  New 
England  in  the  shi]i  "Mary  and  John,"  which 
left  Plymouth,  England,  .\iarch  30,  1630.  The 
name  of  William  Clark  also  appears  in  the  list 
of  passengers  who  took  "Oathes  of  Supremacy 
and  Allegiance  to  pass  for  New  England  in 
the  'Mary  and  John'  of  Lqndon,  Robert  Sayres, 
Master,  24th  Mar.  1633."  He  settled  at  Dor- 
chester, Alassachusetts,  before  1635.  There 
were  three  other  Clarks  among  the  first  set- 
tlers at  Dorchester,  who  were  buried  beneath 
one  gravestone,  which  bears  the  following  in- 
scription : 

Here  lie  tliree  Clarkes.  tlieir  ace  Hints  are  even. 
Entered  nn  earth,  carried  np  to   Heaven. 

The  name  is  by  many  families  spelled  with  a 
final  ''e." 

William  Clark  was  a  prominent  citizen  of 
Dorchester,  and  was  a  selectman,  1646-50.  In 
1653  he  was  one  of  the  petitioners  to  the  gen- 
eral court  of  Massachusetts  for  permission  to 
settle  in  the  "New  Country,"  now  Northamp- 
ton, Massachusetts,  and  removed  to  that  town 
in  1659.  A  history  of  Northampton  says  "Lieu- 
tenant William  Clarke  moved  his  family  to 
Northampton  in  1639.  His  wife  rode  on  horse- 
back, with  two  baskets  called  'panniers'  slung 
across  the  horse,  carrying  one  boy  in  each 
basket  and  one  on  her  lap,  her  husband,  fifty 
vears  old,  preceding  on  foot."  From  the 
town  records  of  Northampton,  it  appears  that 
William  Clark  received  twelve  acres  of  land 
on  the  west  side  of  what  is  now  Elm  street. 



bordering  on  Mill  river.  Here  he  erected  a 
log  house,  which  he  occupied  from  1659  to 
1681,  when  it  was  burned.  An  historian  says 
of  this  occurrence:  "Here  behold  a  sad  picture 
of  the  times !  Jack,  a  negro  servant  of  Sam- 
uel Wolcott,  of  Wethersfield,  set  fire  to  the 
house  of  Lieutenant  William  Clarke  by  taking 
a  brand  of  fire  from  the  hearth  and  swinging 
it  up  and  down,  for  to  find  victuals,  and  was 
sentenced  to  he  taken  from  the  bar  to  the  place 
whence  he  came,  and  then  to  be  hanged  by  the 
neck  till  he  was  dead,  and  then  to  be  taken 
down  and  burnt  to  ashes  in  the  fire.  He  con- 
fessed that  he  did  it  and  did  it  in  carelessness 
and  the  law  had  its  course."  The  new  house, 
erected  in  1681,  remained  standing  in  North- 
ampton until  1826.  Lieutenant  William  Clark 
organized,  in  1661,  in  Northampton,  a  train 
band  of  sixty  men,  for  defence  against  the  In- 
dians, and  he  commanded  the  company  in  King 
Philip's  war  and  other  Indian  wars.  He  was 
one  of  the  seven  incorporators  of  the  first 
church  in  Northampton ;  he  was  also  a  judge 
of  the  county  court.    He  married  (first)  Sarah 

,    who    died    September    6,    1675.      He 

married  (second)  Sarah  Cooper,  November  15, 
1676,  who  died  May  6,  1688.  He  died  at 
Northampton,  July  19,  1690.  A  monument  has 
been  erected  to  his  memory  in  the  Northamp- 
ton cemetery.  Children:  Sarah,  born  1638; 
Jonathan,  1639:  Nathaniel,  1642;  Experience, 
1643;  Increase,  1646;  Rebecca,  1648;  John, 
1651  ;  Samuel,  1653;  William,  1656,  mentioned 
below ;  Sarah,  1659. 

(II)  Captain  W'illiam  (2)  Clark,  son  of 
Lieutenant  William  (  i  )  Clark,  was  born  at 
Dorchester.  His  birth  is  recorded  as  follows: 
"Wm.  Clarke  ye  sonne  of  Wm.  Clarke  borne 
3 :5  :56."  When  he  was  three  years  old,  his 
father  removed  to  Northampton,  and  he  was 
carried  there  in  a  "pannier"  on  horseback.  He 
was  an  early  settler,  large  landowner,  and 
prominent  citizen  of  Lebanon,  Connecticut. 
He  was  one  of  the  purchasers  of  the  tract  of 
land  in  the  north  part  of  the  town,  known  as 
"The  Clarke  and  Dewey  Purchase,"  from 
Ow^anecho.  sachem  of  the  Mohegan  Indians, 
who  claimed  rights  under  Uncas,  and  was  also 
one  of  the  "fifty-one  original  land  proprietors." 
He  was  the  first  representative  of  Lebanon  in 
1705,  in  the  general  assembly,  and  continued 
in  that  office  for  thirteen  years.  He  was  also 
a  selectman  sixteen  years  and  town  clerk,  1700- 
25.  He  was  captain  of  militia,  and  served  in 
several  wars  with  the  Indians.     He  married 

(first)  Hannah  Strong,  at  Northampton,  July 

15,  1680.  She  died  January  31,  i(>93,  and  he 
married  (  second  ),  1(394,  Mary  Smith,  who  died 
April  2^,  1748.  He  died  at  Lebanon,  May  9, 
1725.  Children  of  first  wife:  Hannah,  born 
1682:  Abigail,  1683;  William,  1685;  Jonathan, 
1688.  mentioned  below ;  Thomas,  1690;  Joseph, 
1691  ;  Benoni.  1693.  Children  of  second  wife: 
Timothy,  1695:  Gershom,  1697. 

(  HI )  Jonathan,  son  of  Captain  William  (  2  ) 
Clark,  was  born  at  Northampton,  May  13, 
r688.  He  was  a  farmer  by  occupation,  and 
died  at  Lebanon,  January  12,  1743.  He  mar- 
ried Hannah  Smalley,  January  6,  1713.  Child, 
Jonathan,  mentioned  below. 

(IV)  Jonathan  (2),  son  of  Jonathan  (i) 
Clark,  was  born  at  Lebanon.  November  i. 
171 5.  He  was  a  farmer  by  occupation  and  in- 
herited large  landed  property.  This  property 
he  sold,  and  lost  his  fortune  by  the  continental 
money  of  the  revolution.  In  1757  he  was 
selectman  of  Lebanon.     He  married,  January 

16,  1734,  Mercy  Dewey.  Children:  Hannah, 
born  1735  ;  Jonathan,  1737 ;  Dan.  1741  ;  Mercy, 
1745;  David,  1748:  Zerviah,  1751  :  Lemuel, 
1753:  Gershom,  1755. 

(V)  Lemuel,  son  of  Jonathan  (2)  Clark, 
was  born  at  Lebanon,  August  8,  1753,  died  at 
Candor,  New  York,  1831.  He  was  a  farmer 
by  occupation,  and  lived  successively  at  Leb- 
anon, Connecticut ;  Columbia  county.  New 
York ;  West  Stockbridge,  Lenox,  and  Loudon, 
now  Otis,  Berkshire  county,  Massachusetts, 
and  Canaan,  Bridgewater  and  Candor,  New 
York.  He  served  in  the  revolution  for  a  short 
time,  and  his  name  is  on  the  roll  of  Captain 
David  Tilden's  company,  raised  in  Lebanon, 
April,  1775,  and  also  in  the  ofiicial  "List  of 
the  Men  who  marched  from  the  Connecticut 
Towns  for  the  Relief  of  Boston  in  the  Lexing- 
ton Alarm,  April,  1775."     He  married  

Children:   Sarah,   born    1773;   Lem- 

uel, 1775:  William,  1777,  mentioned  below; 
Erastus,  1779;  Ruth,  1781  ;  Daniel,  1783; 
Gershom,  1785;  Benjamin.  1787:  Ira,  1789; 
Gustavus,  1791  :  John  Flavin,  1793;  Amos, 
1794;  Alvin,  1797. 

(VI)  William  (3),  son  of  Lemuel  Clark, 
was  born  in  Lebanon,  September  22,  1777.  He 
became  a  well  educated  and  successful  Pres- 
bvterian  clergyman,  licensed  by  the  Berkshire 
Presbyterian  Association,  1803.  From  1803 
to  1808  he  was  a  missionary  in  western  New 
York.  He  preached  successively  at  Romulus, 
Ovid,  Wolcott,  Huron,  Hannibal,  Danby  and 



Ira,  New  York.  He  was  a  fluent  and  im- 
pressive speaker,  an  ardent  friend  of  law  and 
order,  education,  all  social  and  moral  reforms, 
and  was  a  pioneer  in  the  crusades  against  in- 
temperance and  slavery.  He  was  distinguished 
for  his  fine  physique  and  commanding  pres- 
ence, strong  and  logical  mind,  ready  wit  and 
remarkable  memory.  He  married,  July  16, 
1807,  at  Cjenoa,  New  York,  Sophronia  Tillot- 
son.  Children:  Elizabeth,  born  1808:  William, 
1810,  mentioned  below  :  Samuel,  181 1  ;  Darius, 
1814:  Sophronia,  1816:  Corintha,  1818:  Em- 
mons, 1827:  Tillotson,  1828. 

(VH)  William  (4),  son  of  William  (3) 
Clark,  was  born  at  Ovid,  .Seneca  county.  New 
York,  February  9,  1810.  His  ancestors  on  his 
mother's  as  well  as  his  father's  side  served  with 
credit  in  the  revolution.  Two  of  his  younger 
brothers  were  John  T.  Clark,  late  judge  of  the 
state  of  Wisconsin,  and  General  Emmons 
Clark,  of  New  York  City,  for  twenty-five  years 
colonel  of  the  Seventh  Regiment,  and  since 
1866  secretary  of  the  New  York  health  de- 
partment. He  came  with  his  father  at  the  age 
of  six  years  to  Huron,  Wayne  county,  and  re- 
mained there,  except  for  about  two  years,  until 
he  was  twenty,  when  he  went  to  Lyons  to  study 
law.  Here  he  entered  the  office  of  Graham  H. 
Chapin  and  afterwards  that  of  John  M.  HoUey. 
He  was  admitted  to  practice  as  an  attorney 
at  law  in  the  supreme  court,  January,  1838, 
and  practiced  at  Lyons  for  two  years.  He  then 
entered  into  partnership  with  Hon.  John  M. 
Holley,  which  continued  until  the  latter's  death. 
While  a  member  of  congress,  January,  1841,  he 
was  admitted  under  the  system  then  in  force  in 
New  York,  as  a  counselor  of  law  in  the  su- 
preme court,  as  a  solicitor  in  chancery,  January. 
1838,  and  as  a  counselor  in  chancery,  January. 
1843.  In  March,  1842,  he  was  also  admitted 
to  practice  in  the  district  and  circuit  courts  of 
the  L'nited  States,  in  and  for  the  northern  dis- 
trict of  New  York,  From  the  time  of  Mr. 
Holley's  death,  Mr.  Clark  practiced  alone  to 
the  time  of  his  leaving  Lyons  for  Denver,  Colo- 
rado, except  for  a  few  years  when  Colonel  An- 
son S.  Wood,  late  of  \Volcott,  New  York,  was 
associated  with  him  under  the  firm  name  of 
Clark  &  Wood,  and  from  1870  to  1876,  when 
his  son,  William  H.  Clark,  was  associated  with 
him  under  the  firm  name  of  W.  &  W^  H.  Clark. 
Mr.  Clark  was  a  strong  and  convincing  advo- 
cate, and  was  particularly  well  known  as  a 
thoroughly  informed  and  safe  legal  advisor,  a 
reputation  which  gained  for  him  the  term  of 

'"Counselor"  Clark,  He  took  a  deep  interest 
in  politics,  first  as  a  Whig  and  afterwards  as  a 
Republican,  and  was  state  senator  in  1854-55, 
and  chairman  of  the  judiciary  committee.  In 
December,  1878,  Mr.  Clark  removed  to  Denver 
for  the  benefit  of  his  health,  which  had  been 
much  impaired  from  asthma.  While  on  his 
return  tu  that  city  from  a  visit  to  Lyons  he  fell 
from  a  train  near  Clyde,  Ohio,  July  9,  1890, 
and  was  instantly  killetl.  He  was  a  member  of 
the  Central  Presbyterian  Church,  of  Denver. 
He  married,  October  13,  1847,  Amelia  R.  Heer- 
mans,  formerly  of  Nassau,  New  York,  who 
died  October  16,  1880.  They  had  six  children, 
of  whom  two  died  when  very  young.  Surviv- 
ing children :  William  H.,  mentioned  below ; 
John  H.,  for  many  years  principal  of  the  Lyons 
L^nion  School,  afterwards  superintendent  of 
schools  at  Flushing.  New  York,  now  principal 
of  the  Flushing  high  school,  a  part  of  the 
(jreater  New  York  system;  Mrs.  James  W. 
Putnam,  of  Lyons,  New  York,  and  Mrs.  James 
II,  Brown,  of  Denver,  Colorado. 

(VIII)  William  Heermans,  son  of  Hon. 
William  (4)  Clark,  was  born  at  Lyons,  New 
York,  August  12,  1848.  He  was  educated  at 
Hamilton  College,  which  he  attended  in  1865- 
66,  and  at  Union  College,  1866-68,  from  which 
he  obtained  the  degree  of  A.  B.  He  took  the 
tlegree  of  A.  M.,  in  1871,  and  delivered  the 
Master's  oration  at  commencement  that  year. 
While  in  college,  he  took  the  Ingham  and  War- 
ner prizes  and  other  prizes  in  speaking  and 
writing.  He  was  a  member  of  the  Phi  Beta 
Kappa  .Society.  In  1869  he  was  admitted  to 
the  bar  and  practiced  law  until  April  i,  1876, 
in  which  year  he  bought  the  Cortland  Stand- 
ard, a  weekly  newspaper,  now  a  daily  and  semi- 
weekly.  Since  1903  he  has  also  been  presi- 
dent of  the  Norwich  ( New  York )  Publish- 
ing Company,  publishing  the  Norzvich  Daily 
Sun  and  Chenango  Scnii-U'eekly  Telegraph. 
He  is  also  president  of  the  Cortland  Standard 
Printing  Company.  In  1875  he  was  a  member 
of  assembly  from  Wayne  county,  and  was  a 
member  of  the  Republican  state  committee, 
under  the  chairmanship  of  Chester  A.  Arthur. 
He  is  now  jiresident  of  the  local  board  of 
managers  of  the  State  Normal  and  Train- 
ing .School  at  Cortland,  postmaster  of  the 
city  of  Cortland,  and  was  one  of  the  first 
Cnion  P'ree  School  commissioners  of  Cort- 
land. He  married.  December  31,  1879,  Helen, 
daughter  of  Rev.  Thomas  Street,  D.  D.  ChU- 
dren:  .Antoinette,  born   1880:  Thomas  Street, 


]\Iay  4.  1884,  (lied  May  12.  1909,  graduated 
from  Cortland  High  and  Normal  schools,  and 
from  Princeton  University,  1908,  and  was  a 
student  at  Harvard  Law  School  at  the  time  of 
his  death;  Eilward  Heermans,  1886;  Helen. 

The  Saunders  family  is  one 
SAUNDERS  of  the  oldest  in  Rhode  Isl- 
antl,  Tobias  Saunders  hav- 
ing made  settlement  in  Taunton  as  early  as 
1643.  He  was  the  associate  of  Robert  Burdick 
when  they  were  arrested  and  brought  before 
Governor  John  Endicott  for  "forcible  entry 
into  the  Pequot  lands."  He  was  later  deputy 
and  an  important  man.  The  Cortland,  New 
York,  branch,  however,  claim  descent  from 
Jonathan  Saunders,  believed  to  have  been  an 
emigrant  from  England.  He  was  a  resident  of 
Stonington,  Rhode  Island,  a  member  of  the 
Seventh  Day  Baptist  Church  and  a  preacher. 
He  married  a  Miss  Sisson.  Children:  Benja- 
min, Cyrus,  Jonathan  (2).  Henry  Ziba,  Bina, 
and  Elisha. 

(H)   Cyrus,    son   of   Jonathan    and   

f Sisson)  Saunders,  was  born  near  Stonington, 
Rhode  Island,  Alay  19,  1772.  He  married  in 
his  native  state  and  with  his  young  wife  came 
to  Central  New  York,  settling  in  the  town  of 
Freetown,  Cortland  county,  in  1795,  where  he 
passed  fifteen  years  of  toil,  privation  and  lone- 
liness, being  the  first  settler  in  the  town.  He 
labored  hard  to  clear,  cultivate  and  pay  for  his 
farm.  When  the  last  payment  was  made  and 
he  deemed  himself  in  a  home  secure  from  debt 
he  found  to  his  dismay  that  his  title  was  imper- 
fect and  worthless.  He  lost  his  farm,  then  re- 
moved with  his  family  to  Factory  Hill,  in 
Homer  \'illage,  where  he  remainecl  until  the 
factory  burned  in  1815.  From  Homer  the 
family  removed  to  the  town  of  Solon,  settling 
on  fifty  acres  of  land  for  which  he  paid  three 
hundred  dollars.  This  tract  was  covered  with 
forest  and  here  Mr.  Saunders  had  practically 
to  begin  life  over  again.  The  first  step  was  to 
build  a  log  cabin,  then  clear  enough  land  to  raise 
a  crop.  For  nineteen  years  he  labored  on  his 
farm,  then  with  his  son.  Perry  H.,  went  to 
McGrawville.  New  York,  and  bought  the  card- 
ing and  cloth  dressing  mill,  which  had  been 
conducted  by  Eber  Wilcox  and  John  Peat.  This 
business  Saunders  &  Son  conducted  for  ten 
years,  then  removed  to  Cuyler,  in  what  was 
known  as  the  Kinney  settlement.  Later  he 
removed   to   Chautauc|ua   county.   New   York, 

where  he  died  in  1856.  He  married,  in  Rhode 
Island,  1794,  Nancy  (Nabbie)  Hiscock.  born 
near  Stonington,  Rhode  Island,  January  15,. 
1772,  died  in  Cortland  county.  New  York,  July 
18,  1852.  In  1796  she  took  her  infant  daugh- 
ter Nabbie  (later  a  resident  of  Westfield,  Chau- 
tauqua county),  and  made  the  journey  from 
Freetown  to  her  former  home  in  Rhode  Island, 
making  the  journey  on  horseback  in  company 
with  a  neighbor  woman.  A  year's  sojourn  in 
the  wilderness  where  she  seldom  saw  a  white 
woman  had  caused  such  a  longing  for  home 
and  kindred  that  she  was  willing  to  brave  the 
dangers  of  such  a  trip  to  see  again  her  loved 
ones.  The  journey  was  made  in  safety  as  was 
the  return,  both  ways  on  horseback.  Children : 
I.  Nabbie,  born  (October  2^.  1796,  married 
Gabriel  House,  and  at  age  of  eighty-nine  years 
was  in  good  health.  2.  Catherine,  born  May 
14,  1799;  married  Alvin  Hodges.  3.  Richard. 
4.  George.  5.  Lavinia,  born  February  8,  1802. 
6.  Almeda,  born  December  23,  1803;  married 
Henry  G.  Randall.  7.  Maria,  born  October  22, 
1805 ;  married  Billings  Browning.  8.  Cyrus 
(  M.  D. ),  born  June  4,  1807,  died  February  29, 
1858,  his  death  was  caused  by  drowning  in  his 
attempt  to  ford  a  river  while  on  his  way  to 
minister  to  a  sick  patient :  married  (first)  Sally 
Ann  Dunning,  (second)  Cynthia  Gallup.  9. 
Nancy  B.,  born  August  20,  1809  ;  married  Pres- 
ervoid  Bromley.  10.  Perry  Howlett,  of  fur- 
ther mention.  11.  Elisha,  born  November  22, 
1813:  married  Cordelia  C.  Chenev.  12.  Cvn- 

( III )  Perry  Howlett,  son  of  Cyrus  and 
Nancy  (Nabbie)  (Hiscock)  Saunders,  was 
born  in  the  town  of  Cincinnatus,  Cortland 
county.  New  York,  May  11,  181 1,  died  Janu- 
ary 12,  1890.  He  was  educated  in  the  public 
schools  ;  was  his  father's  assistant  on  the  farm 
and  for  ten  years  engaged  in  business  with 
him  at  the  cloth  dressing  mill  in  McC^rawville. 
For  many  years  thereafter  he  was  engaged  in 
farming.  He  was  a  man  of  great  energy  and 
high  character,  commanding  the  respect  of 
all.  For  over  half  a  century  he  was  a  devoted 
member  and  active  worker  in  the  Methodist 
Episcopal  church.  He  married,  April  23,  1835, 
Sarah  Emerson,  born  in  Groton,  Massachu- 
setts, January  2,  1816,  died  July  30.  1889, 
daughter  of  Dearborn  and  Sally  (  Brooks)  Em- 
erson. Children:  i.  Edwin,  born  May  10,  1837, 
married  Mary  Woodruff.  2.  Samuel,  born  De- 
cember 17,  1838,  died  July  6,  1905  ;  enlisted  in 
1 86 1  in  Company  G,  Seventy-sixth  Regiment, 

NEW  Y()R[ 


New  York  \'olunteers ;  was  severely  wounded 
at  (Gettysburg,  which  later  caused  his  honor- 
able discharge  ivLnn  the  army ;  he  rose  to  the 
rank  of  lieutenant  of  Company  G;  married 
Alary  W'heelock.  3.  George  E.,  born  May  15, 
1840,  died  November  22,  1876:  married  Ber- 
tha E.  Kibbe,  died  April  4.  191 1.  4.  Sarah, 
born  January  29,  1842,,  died  November  23. 
1866:  married  \\'alter  Thompson.  5.  Juliette, 
born  September  3,  1843,  'I'^d  January  23, 
1866:  married  Ilomer  D.  Call.  f>.  Mary  E., 
born  September  17,  1845,  married  Almond  M. 
Kibbe.  7.  Charles  \V.,  born  August  24,  1847, 
married  Mary  Brown.  8.  Franklin  P.,  of  fur- 
ther mention.  <).  William  F..  born  July  20, 
1853.  married  Ellen  Skinner,  of  Syracuse.  10. 
Lucia  B..  born  May  28,  1835,  married  Samuel 
H.  McCuIlough  and  lives  in  Idaho.  11..  Fred- 
erick J.,  born  September  18,  i860,  married 
Alice  Bunnell. 

(IV)  Franklin  P.,  son  of  Perry  Hewlett 
and  Sarah  (Emerson)  Saunders,  was  born  in 
the  town  of  Fabius,  Onondaga  county,  New 
York,  February  27,  1849.  He  was  educated  in 
the  public  schools  of  the  town  of  Truxton 
(where  his  parents  had  removed),  and  at  the 
Seventh  Day  Baptist  Seminary  at  De  Ruyter. 
finishing  his  education  at  Cazenovia  Seminary. 
.After  completing  his  studies  he  engaged  in  the 
nursery  business  for  several  years,  represent- 
ing well  known  firms  of  Rochester  and  Syra- 
cuse. He  later  engaged  in  the  same  business 
on  his  own  account,  emjiloying  many  agents 
and  doing  a  successful  business  in  New  Eng- 
land and  in  New  York  state.  In  1879  he  mar- 
ried and  settled  on  a  farm  in  Truxton,  which 
he  operated  until  March,  1883.  when  he  re- 
moved to  Truxton  Village,  and,  in  1892,  re- 
moved to  Cortland,  New  York.  During  his  years 
of  residence  in  Truxton  Mr.  Saunders  gave 
special  attention  to  live  stock,  buying,  breeding 
and  selling,  shipping  mostly  to  tlie  New  York 
and  Philadelphia  markets.  He  was  a  most 
successful  farmer  and  stock  dealer  and  is  well 
known  all  over  the  county.  He  is  a  director 
of  the  Second  National  Bank,  of  Cortland, 
and  interested  in  other  business  enterprises  in 
Cortland.  He  has  devoted  much  of  his  time 
to  the  public  service  and  although  a  Republican 
in  politics,  he  obtained  strong  endorsement 
from  his  Democratic  friends  of  Democratic 
Truxton.  In  1887  he  was  elected  supervisor 
by  a  large  majority,  reelected  in  1888-89,  re- 
fusing another  nomination,  being  the  only  Re- 
publican so  honored  during  a  period  of  twenty- 

four  years.  In  1895  'i*^  was  tlie  candidate  of 
his  party  for  the  state  assembly,  and  was  elect- 
ed, receiving  two  thousand  more  votes  than  his 
nearest  opponent.  During  the  session  of  1896 
he  served  on  legislative  committees,  taxation 
and  retrenchment,  villages  and  internal  aft'airs. 
During  the  session  he  introduced  bills:  "Pro- 
viding for  the  issuing  of  railway  mileage- 
books  :  to  punish  the  pollution  of  streams  ;  to 
punish  violations  of  the  .Agricultural  Law  :  re- 
garding the  collection  of  taxes  ;  providing  that 
notices  of  political  primaries  shall  be  given  : 
relative  to  affidavits  under  foreclosure :  re- 
garding the  foreclosure  of  mortgages."  In 
1896  he  was  reelected  to  the  assembly  by  a 
large  majority,  serving  in  the  session  of  1897 
on  committees:  judiciary:  banks  and  public 
education,  and  was  chairman  of  committee  on 
printed  and  engrossed  bills.  Mr.  Saunders' 
life  has  been  a  successful  one  from  whatever 
point  viewed.  He  has  an  abundance  of  world- 
ly goods,  the  confidence  and  respect  of  his 
community,  has  been  honored  publicly  and  has 
a  nature  that  enjoys  and  appreciates.  He  is 
a  member  and  trustee  of  the  Methodist  Epis- 
copal church,  of  Cortland,  and  interested  in 
church  and  benevolent  work. 

He  married,  C)ctober  22,  1879,  Harriet  L. 
Peck,  born  in  Solon.  New  York,  .August  20, 
185.S,  daughter  of  Piatt  and  Mary  .Ann  (Kin- 
ney) Peck,  of  Solon,  granddaughter  of  Cap- 
tain .Stephen  N.  Peck,  and  the  ninth  in  line 
from  William  Peck,  the  progenitor,  who  was 
line  of  the  founders  of  the  New  Haven  colony. 
Children:  I.  Carrie,  born  August  8,  18S0,  died 
Jannarv  17,  1881.  2.  .Arthur  Franklin,  born 
Ausiist  I,  1882,  engaged  with  his  father  in  the 
cattle  and  live  stock  business :  married  Ger- 
trude Huber,  of  \'an  Etten,  New  York ;  child. 
Franklin  Arthur,  born  October  7,  1910.  3. 
-Anna  Harriet,  born  November  18,  1883,  died 
February  24,  1910;  married  Harry  A.  Jenni- 
son  :  child,  Harriet,  died  in  infancy.  4.  Fannie 
Sarah,  born  September  4,  1891.  5.  Helen 
Peck,  born  .\pril  8,  1897. 

This  name  is  not  as  numerous- 
TISD.ALE     ly   represented   in    .America   as 

many  others,  but  it  is  among 
the  earliest,  and  has  contributed  many  useful 
citizens.  Its  connection  with  the  settlement 
and  development  of  Central  New  York  has 
been  an  honorable  one,  and  it  is  still  associated 
with  the  annals  of  the  region.  It  appears  in 
the  early  New  England  records  with  various 



spellings,  such  as  Tisdall,  Tisdel,  Tisdell  and 
numerous  other  forms.  The  English  arms  of 
the  family  represent  an  arm  passing  through 
a  crown  holding  a  javelin.  Among  the  earlier 
generations  were  Elkanah  Tisdale,  a  noted 
lawyer,  and  Nathan  Tisdale,  an  eminent  class- 
ical scholar  and  teacher  of  Lebanon,  Connecti- 
cut. The  family  has  its  part  in  the  various 
wars,  incident  to  the  building  and  preservation 
of  the  Union,  and  in  civil  affairs  has  taken  no 
mean  part. 

( I )  John  Tisdale,  ancestor  of  nearly  all  now 
bearing  the  name  in  this  country,  was  born  in 
England.  1615-20,  and  settled  in  Du.xbury, 
Massachusetts,  1636.  He  was  styled  "yeo- 
man," and  his  name  appears  on  the  list  of 
planters  and  proprietors.  He  brought  suit  in 
court,  June  7,  1636,  against  Stephen  Hopkins 
for  an  assault  and  battery  by  which  Tisdale 
was  dangerously  wounded,  and  Hopkins  was 
fined  five  pounds  and  costs.  He  was  admitted 
an  inhabitant  of  Duxbury,  1638:  was  among 
those  able  to  bear  arms  according  to  the  list 
of  1643:  constable,  1645:  removed  to  Taunton, 
where  he  was  living  December  26,  165 1,  when 
he  bought  lanils  of  William  Brett,  at  Dux- 
bury.  In  Taunton,  he  was  constable  in  1659: 
was  among  purchasers  of  Taunton  North 
Purchase,  1668;  selectman,  1674;  deputy  to 
Plymouth  general  court,  same  year.  He  was 
murdered  by  Indians  in  King  Philip's  war, 
June  2-].  1675.  His  wife,  Sarah,  died  Decem- 
ber, 1676.  His  will,  proved  November  2,  1676, 
bef|ueathed  to  sons,  John,  James,  Joshua  and 
Joseph ;  to  daughters,  Elizabeth,  Sarah,  Mary 
and  Abigail.  The  court  made  note  in  its  record 
that  the  two  younger  sons  had  endangered 
their  lives  in  protecting  the  property.  The 
estate  was  divided  by  agreement  between  these 
sons  and  the  three  sons-in-law,  John  Smith, 
James  Dean  and  Nathaniel  b'rench.  His  in- 
ventory amounted  to  one  hundred  and  fifty 
I)ounds.  He  owned  land  at  Taunton  and  near 
Assonet.  He  married  Sarah  Walker,  born 
1618,  died  December,  1678,  daughter  of  Widow- 
Walker,  of  Rehoboth.  Children  :  i.  John,  born 
in  Duxbury,  died  about  the  last  of  December, 
1677:  married,  November  23,  1664,  Ann, 
daughter  of  John  Ruggles,  of  Duxbury.  2. 
James,  born  1644,  died  January  15,  1715  ;  mar- 
ried, November  5,  1666,  Mary  Avery,  who  died 
September  9,  1713,  aged  sixty-six;  resided  at 
P>erkeley.  admitted  a  freeman.  May,  1670.  3. 
Joshua,  born  at  Duxbury,  1646,  died  aged 
seventy-two,    in    Freetown ;   married.   July    5, 

1688,  Abigail,  daughter  of  Henry  Andrews; 
she  died  1741  ;  resided  at  Taunton,  or  Assonet 
River.  4.  Joseph,  mentioned  below.  5.  Eliza- 
beth, married  John  Smith.  6.  Sarah,  married 
James  Dean.  7.  Mary,  born  at  Taunton,  died 
there.  May  18,  1731.  8.  Abigail,  born  at  Taun- 
ton;  married,  February  i,  1683,  Edward  Bob- 
bett,  born  July  15,  1653,  son  of  Edward  Bob- 
bett :  child,  Edward,  born  February  i,  1684. 
Each  of  the  four  sons  named  his  oldest  son 
for  himself. 

( II)  Joseph,  fourth  son  of  John  and  Sarah 
(Walker)  Tisdale,  was  born  1656.  in  Duxbury, 
died  1721-22,  in  his  sixty-fifth  year.  He  set- 
tled in  Taunton,  of  which  Norton  was  former- 
ly a  part,  and  inherited  a  large  estate  of  his 
father.  He  married,  .\ugust,  1681,  Mary 
Leonard,  born  .\ugust  2,  1663,  daughter  of 
Major  Thomas  Leonard.  Their  children  were: 
I.  Joseph,  of  whom  later.  2.  Elkanah,  born 
1684.  3.  Mary,  1686.  married  Joseph  Winslow, 
of  Swansea.  4.  Hannah,  1688 ;  married,  Feb- 
ruary 8,  1710-11,  William  Hodges,  of  Norton, 
died  March  7,  1715.  5.  Sarah,  1690;  married 
Thomas  Reed,  of  Dighton.  6.  .Abigail  (twin). 
1(192;  married  Ephraim  Hayward,  of  Bridge- 
water.  7.  Elizabeth  (twin),  1692;  married 
Elkanah  Leonard,  of  Middleburg. 

(HI)  Captain  Joseph  (2)  Tisdale,  eldest 
child  of  Joseph  (i)  and  Mary  (Leonard)  Tis- 
dale, was  born  in    1682,  at  Taunton,  died  in 

1739.  He  married  there,  March  13,  1707,  Ruth, 
daughter  of  John  and  Bethiah  (  Frye)  Reed. 
She  died  August,  1748,  in  her  sixty-third  year. 
Their  children,  mentioned  in  his  will  of  May, 
1735,  were:  Job,  Joseph,  Loved,  Seth,  Eben- 
ezer,  Simeon  (father  of  James,  ancestor  of 
Samuel  R.  Tisdale,  merchant,  late  of  New 
York  City).  Bethsheba.  Mary  and  Hannah. 

(R')  Job,  son  of  Captain  Joseph  (2)  and 
Ruth  (  Reed  )  Tisdale,  was  born  1708,  in  Taun- 
ton, where  he  resided  and  died  May  19.  1755, 
at  the  age  of  forty-seven  years. 

( \ )   James,  son  of  Job  Tisdale,  was  born 

1740,  died  181 1.  He  resided  in  West  Taunton, 
was  a  Presbyterian  clergyman,  and  wrote  his 
own  funeral  discourse  in  preparation  for  his 
e.xpected  death.  He  married  .Abigail  Free- 
man, of  Norton.  Massachusetts,  December  22, 
1774,  and  among  their  sons  were  Leonard  and 
Rev.  James.  The  latter  was  graduated  from 
Brown  L'niversity.  1821,  studied  theology  with 
Rev.  A.  Cobb,  of  West  Taunton,  and  was  or- 
dained September  29,  1830,  over  the  churches 
in  Chiildhall  and  Granby,  Vermont,  whence  he 



was  dismissed  May  4,  i83('i.  He  preached  four 
years  in  Dublin.  Xew  Haiupsliire,  seven  years 
in  Gilsum,  same  state,  and  after  October,  1851. 
in  Shutesbury,  Massachusetts. 

( \'I )  Leonard,  son  of  James  and  Abigail 
(  Freeman  )  Tisdale,  was  born  August  23,  1776, 
in  \\'est  Taunton,  died  February  18,  1850,  in 
Cortland,  New  York,  where  he  settled  in  1803- 
04.  Fie  married,  February  8,  1805,  Sallie 
Hicks,  born  February  18,  1774,  died  February 
8,  1862.  Children:  i.  Alonzo,  mentioned  below. 
2.  Minerva,  born  August  21.  1807;  married, 
June  3,  1832,  Noah  Ashley.  3.  Almira,  Janu- 
ary 24,  1809;  married,  January  i,  1829,  Alan- 
son  Van  \'alkenberg.  4.  Loring,  May  2,  1812; 
married,  February  18,  1836,  Sophia  Dutter- 
field.  5.  Evaline,  April  21,  1816;  married,  Feb- 
ruary 24,  1842,  Ephraim  Spencer,  and  died 
November  11,  1897.  6.  Orlando,  November  16, 
1818:  married  (first),  February  16,  1843,  Emily 
Eggleston,  who  died  March  16,  1844:  mar- 
ried (second),  November  7,  1849,  Ann  Wes- 
cott,  born  July  2"/,  1818.  7.  Orsamus,  Novem- 
ber 28,  1820:  married,  February  12,  1845,  Julia 
Sholes,  and  died  March  24,  1898.  8.  Lovinia, 
October  7,  1823;  married  (first),  October  12, 
1843,  L^c  Rose,  who  died  November  5.  1853; 
married  (second),  January  20,  1859,  Edwin 

(A'H)  Alonzo,  eldest  child  of  Leonard  and 
Sallie  (Hicks)  Tisdale,  was  born  December 
12.  1805,  in  Cortland,  where  he  died  July  7, 
1865.  He  received  a  common  school  educa- 
tion, learned  the  trade  of  carpenter,  and  con- 
ducted an  extensive  milling  business  at  Blod- 
getts  Mills,  also  had  a  saw  and  gristmill  there. 
He  was  captain  of  state  militia.  He  married, 
January  17,  1832,  Dorliska,  born  181 1,  died 
1899,  daughter  of  Loren  and  Nancy  (Salis- 
bury) Blodgett.  Children:  i.  Theresa,  born 
March  17,  1833.  died  February  21,  1908;  mar- 
ried Lucian  Hale;  children:  Wayland,  Clara, 
Frank.  Elvena.  Mabel.  2.  Aldoretta,  born 
1835,  died  March  3,  1908;  married  Rev.  W.  R. 
Stone ;  child,  Anna.  3.  Wayland  D.,  see  for- 
ward. 4.  Elvena,  born  1843:  married  Charles 
Hinman  ;  three  children :  William,  Carrie  and 

(\'ni)  Wayland  D.,  son  of  Alonzo  and 
Dorliska  (  Blodgett )  Tisdale,  was  born  in  Cort- 
land, New  York,  December  10,  1837.  He  was 
educated  in  the  town  schools  and  Cortland 
Academy.  He  taught  school  several  years, 
then  engaged  in  lumber  business  in  Cortland 
for  a  time,  later  engaged  in  coal  business,  under 

firm  name  of  W.  D.  Tisdale  &  Company,  and 
continued  in  coal  business  up  to  1874,  when  he 
went  with  the  Cortland  Wagon  Company,  and 
was  treasurer  of  that  company  from  1874  to 
1888.  He  was  president  of  the  Erie  and  Cen- 
tral New  York  railroad,  and  treasurer  for  five 
years,  or  until  they  sold  out  to  the  Delaware, 
Lackawanna  &  Western  railroad ;  at  the  pres- 
ent time  is  secretary  of  the  Cortland  &  Auburn 
railroad.  He  was  president  of  the  village  in 
1873  and  1894,  and  was  trustee:  was  elected 
member  of  assembly  in  1887-88,  and  served  on 
committees  on  banks  and  public  education,  and 
was  chairman  of  committee  on  villages.  Mem- 
ber of  Cortlandville  Lodge,  No.  470,  Free  and 
.Accepted  Masons.  He  married,  June  2,  1863, 
Rosetta  Burlingham,  of  Salon,  New  York, 
daughter  of  Philip  and  Hulda  (  Feet)  Burling- 
ham. Children:  i.  Glenn  A.,  born  July  zj, 
18*^)4;  educated  in  town  schools  and  Cortland 
Normal :  was  ticket  agent  at  Cortland  when 
sixteen  years  of  age ;  was  telegraph  operator 
and  manager  for  Western  L'nion  several  vears 
in  Cortland ;  was  -in  brokerage  business  in 
Providence,  Rhode  Island,  for  ten  years ;  is 
now  with  the  Franklin  Automobile  Company, 
of  Syracuse.  He  married  Kate  Pratt,  of 
(iloversville.  New  York,  and  has  four  children: 
(jlenn  W.,  born  August  2,  1890;  Doris,  Sep- 
tember 30,  1896;  Katherine,  May  4,  1899; 
Hulda,  June  7,  1902.  2.  Maud,  born  July  23, 
1871,  died  July  2T.  1880. 

The  surname  Rowley  is  of  an- 
R()WLEY  cient  English  origin,  derived 
from  some  place  name  at  the 
time  (jf  the  adoption  of  surnames  in  England. 
Many  of  the  family  in  England,  as  well  as  in 
America,  have  been  distinguished  in  various 
walks  of  life.  There  are  several  coats-of-arms 
borne  by  Rowley  faiuilies  in  the  old  country. 
Most  of  the  American  colonial  families  of  thi'^ 
name  descended  from  Henry  Rowley,  men- 
tioned below. 

(  I )  Henry  Rowley,  immigrant  ancestor,  was 
born  in  England  and  diefl  in  Barnstable  or 
Falmouth,  Massachusetts,  in  1675.  He  was 
one  of  the  early  planters  of  Plymouth  and  was 
a  taxpayer  as  early  as  1632.  According  to 
some  accounts  he  came  with  Pilgrims  from 
Leyden  in  1630.  He  was  admitted  a  freeman 
in  1634,  after  removing  to  Scituate,  where  he 
and  his  wife  Anne  joined  the  church.  January 
8,  1634.  In  1638  he  removed  with  Rev.  John 
Lotlirop  to  the  new  settlement  at  Barnstable, 



on  Cape  Cod.  He  was  a  deputy  to  tlie  general 
court  at  Plymouth.  In  1650  he  removed  to 
West  Barnstable  and  later  to  Falmouth.  He 
married  (first)  Sarah,  daughter  of  William 
Palmer.  He  married  (second),  October  17, 
1633,  Anne,  daughter  of  Deacon  Thomas  Blos- 
som, who  started  for  New  England  in  the 
"Speedwell"  from  Holland,  in  1620,  but  had 
to  return  ;  came  to  Plymouth  in  1629.  Chil- 
dren :  Moses,  mentioned  below ;  Joseph,  said 
to  have  gone  to  the  Barbadoes ;  Sarah,  mar- 
ried, April  II,  1646,  Jonathan  Hatch,  of  Barn- 
stable and  Falmouth. 

(II)  Moses,  son  of  Henry  Rowley,  was 
born  about  1630,  died  in  1705,  at  East  Flad- 
dam,  Connecticut.  He  married,  April  11,  1652, 
at  Barnstable,  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Captain 
Matthew  Fuller,  soldier  and  surgeon-general 
of  the  colony.  She  died  at  East  Haddam  or 
Colchester,  Connecticut,  after  1714.  Moses 
is  mentioned  in  the  will  of  William  Palmer,  as 
legatee  "Moses  whom  1  love."  The  grand- 
father Palmer  gives  evidence  of  some  Part- 
ridge, that  "he  might  be. brought  up  in  the 
feare  of  God  &  to  that  end  if  his  father  suffer 
it,  I  give  Mr.  Partridge  five  pounds."  Ap- 
parently Moses  lived  with  his  grandfather, 
and,  March  7.  1653-54,  the  court  allowed  him 
a  cow  from  Palmer's  estate.  He  was  ad- 
mitted a  freeman  in  1677:  was  constable  at 
Falmouth  in  1681  ;  deputy  to  the  general  court 
in  1693.  He  bought  sixty  acres  of  land  of 
Jonathan  Gilbert,  at  Haddam,  Connecticut, 
originally  laid  out  to  John  Henderson,  May  3, 
1692,  by  deed  of  CJctober  4,  1^393.  He  prob- 
ably removed  to  Haddam  in  1691,  but  his 
wife  did  not  approve  of  the  removal,  for  she 
refused  to  sign  the  deeds,  and  in  a  deed  of  her 
dower  rights,  she  declares  that  her  husband 
left  her  without  support  and  dependent  on 
the  bounty  of  her  sons,  John  and  Moses.  His 
will  is  dated  August  16,  1704.  at  Haddam.  He 
left  his  homestead  to  sons,  Moses  and  Mat- 
thew. Children:  Mary,  born  March  20,  1653, 
married,  January  7,  1675,  John  Weeks,  of 
Falmouth;  Moses,  November  10,  1654;  Child, 
died  August  16,  1656;  Shubael  (twin),  born 
January  11,  1659,  married  Catherine  Cri])pen  ; 
Mehitable  (twin),  married  John  Fuller:  Sarah, 
September  16,  1662  ;  Nathan,  mentioned  below  : 
Aaron,  Alay  16,  1666,  married  Mary  Weeks; 
John,  October  22.  1667;  ]\Iatthew.  married 
Joanna . 

(III)  Nathan,  son  of  Moses  Rowley,  was 
born  at  Falmouth,  on  Cape  Cod,  in  1664.    He 

married  IMercy  Hatch,  born  April  27,  1667, 
at  Falmouth,  in  Barnstable,  daughter  of  Jon- 
athan and  Sarah  (Rowley)  Hatch.  Children, 
born  at  Barnstable:  Mercy,  August,  1691  ; 
Sarah,  October,  1693;  Elizabeth,  1695;  Alary, 
September,  1699;  Nathan,  April,  1700:  Moses, 
February,  1704-05  ;  John,  May  25,  1706  ;  Hatch, 
Alarch,  1706-07;  Mehitable,  May,  1709;  Alat- 
thew,  November  10,  1720,  mentionetl  below; 
Anna,  June  8,  1724. 

(IV)  Matthew,  son  of  Nathan  Rowley,  was 
born  at  Falmouth,  in  Barnstable,  November 
10,  1720,  died  there.  May  31,  1801.  He  was 
a  carpenter  by  trade  and  resided  at  Woods 
Hole.  Barnstable,  on  Great  Neck.  He  was  a 
grand  juror  in  1767;  highway  surveyor  in 
1758-61-72.  He  married,  February  24,  1744-45, 
Christina  \\'eeks,  of  Falmouth.  She  died 
Alarch  15,  1808,  aged  ninety-two  years.  Chil- 
dren, born  at  Falmouth :  Mary ;  Nathaniel 
Chamberlain,  mentioned  below,  and  probably 

( \')  Nathaniel  Chamberlain,  son  of  Mat- 
thew Rowley,  was  born  at  Falmouth,  in  1756, 
died  in  1830.  He  came  to  New  York  state  be- 
fore the  year  1800,  and  settled  at  South  Cort- 
land in  1 82 1,  and  bought  a  farm  of  five  hun- 
dred acres.  He  was  a  soldier  in  the  revolu- 
tion. He  married  (first) ;  (sec- 
ond) Lucy  Lamont.  born  in  1778,  died  Sep- 
tember 28,  1851.  Children:  Philemon  C,  Lu- 
cina,  Moses,  Sabrina,  Nathan  Weeks,  Caroline, 
Silva,  Washington  and  Daniel. 

(VI)  Philemon  Chamberlain,  son  of  Na- 
thaniel Chamberlain  Rowley,  was  born  in 
Greene  county,  New  York,  July  7,  1800,  died 
in  South  Cortland,  New  York,  Alay  26,  1874. 
He  came  with  his  father  to  South  Cortland  in 
1821,  and  engaged  in  business  in  a  general 
store  there  for  several  years.  He  brought  his 
stock  from  Albany  in  carts  and  carried  pro- 
duce to  market.  For  a  number  of  years  he 
conducted  a  four-horse  stage  line  between 
Cortland  and  Owego.  In  1835  he  sold  his 
projierty  in  Cortland  and  went  west,  driving 
in  his  own  carriage.  He  bought  land  in  Illi- 
nois, and  lived  there  for  a  time,  and  afterward 
in  Kalamazoo  county,  Michigan.  He  spent 
his  last  years  in  Cortland,  however,  and  died 
there.  He  was  captain  in  the  state  militia  in 
his  younger  days.  He  was  an  energetic,  cap- 
able and  upright  man.  He  married,  September 
17,  1823,  Alary  Sweet  Curtis,  born  November 
12,  1803,  died  November  24,  1882,  daughter 
of  Gideon   and   Fanny    (Rice)    Curtis.     Chil- 



(Iren  :  Curtis,  born  December  29,  1825,  died  in 
1908,  in  Santa  Barbara,  California;  Addison 
Porter,  mentioned  below;  Mary  L.,  March  12, 
1832,  married  John  Gere;  Charlotte,  July  12, 
1835,  married  Frederick  Downs;  Charles  Mil- 
ton. July  10,  1838. 

(\'II)  Addison  Porter,  son  of  Philemon 
Chamberlain  Rowley,  was  born  at  Cortlancl- 
ville,  New  York,  June  2,  1830.  He  attended 
the  public  schools  of  his  native  town  and 
Homer  Academy.  He  taught  school  for  a  time 
in  Russellville  .\cademy,  Camden,  South  Caro- 
lina. In  1851-52  he  had  a  general  store  at 
Congaree,  South  Carolina.  Upon  his  return 
to  New  York  he  settled  at  South  Cortland 
and  for  a  period  of  fifty-two  years  followed 
farming.  He  won  two  prizes  on  corn  raised 
on  his  farm,  exhibited  at  the  World's  Fair, 
Chicago.  He  dealt  also  in  live  stock  and  was 
general  agent  for  the  McCormick  farm  ma- 
chinery. From  1862  to  1894  he  was  post- 
master at  South  Cortland  and  during  this  long 
period  gave  the  utmost  satisfaction  to  both 
government  and  patrons  of  the  office.  He  has 
always  been  active  in  politics.  He  is  a  Repub- 
lican and  for  fifteen  years  was  a  member  of 
the  board  of  registration.  lie  contributed  to 
the  Presbyterian  church  fund  for  the  church 
at  Cortland.  Since  1904,  when  he  retired  from 
active  business,  he  has  lived  at  Cortland  City. 
His  daughters  are  members  of  the  Daughters  of 
the  .American  Revolution. 

He  married,  in  1854,  Mary  E.  Smith,  of 
Pitcher,  Xew  York,  daughter  nf  .Moses  Smith 
and  .\urelia  (  Pierie )  Smith.  She  died  in 
1898.  Children:  Cora  May,  married  Lewis  E. 
Waters,  attorney  of  Syracuse,  Xew  York ; 
children :  Lewis  .Addison  and  Lillian  Louise 
Waters:  Lizzie,  died  in  childhood;  Louise, 
married   ( leorge   Harkness,   of   Cortland. 

Peter  \\'right,  immigrant  ances- 
WRIGIIT  tor,  was  one  of  three  brothers, 
said  to  be  grandsons  of  Sir 
Thomas  Wright,  of  Kilverston,  England,  who 
immigrated  to  .\merica  in  i'''36-37,  and  set- 
tled first  at  Lynn,  Massachusetts,  and  shortly 
after  at  Sandwich,  Massachusetts.  In  1653 
they  removed  to  Long  Island  with  Rev.  Will- 
iam Leveridge,  and  purchased  land  at  Oyster 
Bay  for  the  sum  of  four  pounds  sterling,  a 
quantity  of  beads  and  other  trinkets.  The 
other  brothers   were   Nicholas  and   Anthony. 

Peter  Wright  married  Alice .     He  died 

in  1669,  leaving  a  widow  and  eight  children. 

.Alice  married  (  second  )  Richard  Crale.  Chil- 
dren, among  them  Adam,  mentioned  below. 

(II)  Adam,  son  of  Peter  Wright,  was  born 

March  20,  1663,  and  married . 

Children ;  Peter,  Rachel,  Deborah,  Thomas, 
James,  Solomon,  Abigail.  Reuben,  mentioned 

(III)  Reuben,  son  of  Adam  Wright,  was 
born  February  11,  1726.  He  was  a  member 
of  the  Society  of  Friends  and  therefore  did 
not  engage  in  the  military  operations  during 
the  revolution.  He  was  a  miller  by  trade,  and 
during  the  war  his  mill  provided  flour  for  the 
.American  army,  and  at  one  time,  when  a  Brit- 
ish attack  was  feared,  a  brigade  was  sent  under 
General  Israel  Putnam  to  guard  it.  Like  many 
others,  who  had  faith  in  the  government,  he 
lost  heavily  by  the  depreciatitm  and  final  repu- 
diation of  the  continental  currency.  He  de- 
clined to  put  his  money  in  real  estate  when  it 
still  had  some  value  and  his  grandchildren  and 
their  children  used  thousands  of  dollars  of  it 
for  bookmarks  and  play  money.  He  lived  in 
the  town  of  Somers,  Westchester  county,  New 
York,  and  had  at  least  nine  children.  .Accord- 
ing to  the  census  of  1790,  p.  206,  he  had  at  that 
time  four  males  over  si.xteen,  three  under  six- 
teen and  si.x  females  in  his  family.  He  mar- 
ried (first)  Sarah  Smith,  1754;  (second) 
Phcebe  (Juimby,  1770.  Children:  Thomas. 
James,  Elizabeth,  Sarah;  Reuben,  mentioned 
below;  Phcebe,  Mary,  Ephraim,  Hannah. 

{I\')  Reuben  (2),  son  of  Reuben  (i) 
Wright,  was  born  Alarch  26,  1778.  He  mar- 
ried, Alarch  3,  1808,  Margaret,  daughter  of 
Thomas  Strang  (see  Strang  I\').  He  had 
thirteen  children  :  Caroline  .A. ;  Thomas  Strang, 
mentioned  below  ;  George  W.,  Joseph  .Sackctt. 
Ann  E.,  Mary  E..  Phoebe  Ouimby,  Susan,  Eliz- 
abeth. Ephraim  R.,  Charles,  .Abby  Jane,  Theron 

(V)  Thomas  Strang,  son  of  Reuben  (2) 
Wright,  was  born  in  Somers,  Westchester 
county.  February  5,  1813,  died  a  resident  of 
Lisle,  New  York,  in  September,  1876.  He  was 
educated  in  the  common  schools  and  became  a 
prominent  contractor  and  builder.  He  was 
ambitious,  enterprising  and  capable,  and  was 
especially  noted  for  his  skill  in  building  rail- 
road and  other  bridges  and  erecting  churches 
and  other  large  edifices.  He  removed  to  Car- 
mel,  Putnam  county.  New  York,  soon  after 
his  marriage,  and  lived  there  for  seven  or  eight 
years.  He  then  removed  to  the  town  of 
Somers,   Westchester  county,   New   York,  on 



the     \\  right   Homestead."     After    remaining 
there  for  one  year,  he  removed  to  Brooklyn 
New  \ork,  and  at  the  end  of  a  year  moved 
back  to  the  home.stead,  where  he  lived  for  three 
years.     Pie  finally  removed  to  a  farm  in  the 
town  of  Richford.  Tioga  county,  New  York 
in  the  spnng  of  1850.     During  this  time  his 
occupation  was  farming.     He  was  also  a  car- 
penter and  joiner,  master  workman.     In  i860 
he   removed    to   Lisle,    Broome    county,    New 
York,  and  he  died  a  resident  of  that  place  in 
September,  1876.     In  politics  he  was  a  Whig 
until  the  Republican  party  was  formed,  when 
he  became  a  member  of  the  latter  party  and 
continued  so  for  the  remainder  of  his  life    He 
married,  January   24,    1837,   Mary   Elizabeth, 
daughter  of  Nathaniel  and  Martha  Ann  (  Town- 
send)   Lrane,  born  July  29,  1818   (see  Crane 
■     VI).    .She  died  January  28,   1897,  at  the  resi- 
dence of  her  son,  Benjamin  T.,  who  was  named 
tor  her  maternal  grandfather,  Benjamin  Town- 
send,  who  was  of  Quaker  ancestry,  but  himself 
an  active   and   zealous    Methodist.     Children- 
Benjamin  Townsend,  mentioned  below  •  Sackett 
LeCrand:   Reuben  Augustus,   lives  at   Ithaca, 
^ew    York;    Alarj;   Augusta,   married    (first) 
l:rank  Stone,  (second)  William  J.  Walker,  and 
live   at   Elizabeth,    Colorado:   Morton    Crane- 
Amelia    Phebe,    married    Nelson    Ripley    and 
fives  in  Syracuse,  New  York;  Frederick  K  - 
bophia  Elizabeth,  married  William  N.  Haynes' 
(VI)    Benjamin  Townsend,  son  of  Thomas 
Strang  Wright,  was  born  in  Carmel,  Putnam 
county,   New   York,   February  28    1838      He 
was  educated  in  the  district  schools  and  the 
Cortland   Academy,   at   Homer,   and   took   up 
the  study  of  law  in  the  office  of  McDowell  & 
Edwards,   of   Lisle.    New   York.     He   turned 
away   from  the  law,  however,  on  account  of 
the  civil  war,  and,  in  1862,  enlisted  in  Company 
t'    ?  J  ,      Twenty-seventh    Regiment,    New 
'i^ork  Volunteer  Infantry,   for  two  years    but 
was  transferred  to  Company  H,  One  Hundred 
and    Sixty-eighth    New    York   Regiment,    and 
served  m  the  Army  of  the  Potomac.     In  186^ 
his  regiment  was  transferred  from  the  Army 
of  the   Potomac  to   Georgia,   with   the  troops 
sent  as  reinforcements  after  the  battle  of  Chick- 
amauga,  and  when   Sherman  marched  to  the 
sea  his   regiment   was   detailed  to  watch  and 
guard    the    bridge   across    the    Tennessee    at 
Bridgeport,  Alabama.     While  in  the  service  he 
was  on  a  gunboat  during  three  naval  eno-a<re- 
ments,  in  one  of  which  he  was  an  active  par- 
ticipant.    In  1863  he  took  part  in  a  hazardous 

mtantry  raid  to  within  a  few  miles  of  the  city 
of  Richmond   for  the   purpose  of  destroying 
certain  military  and  medical  stores  belonging 
to  the  Confederates.     The  raid  was  success" 
tuJ,  but  the  command  narrowly  avoided  cap- 
ture.     It    was   composed   of   volunteers    from 
several   regiments,  and  included  one  hundred 
and  forty  men  of  his  regiment,. who  were  sta- 
tioned finally  at  an  advantageous  position  at  a 
cross   roads,  a   few  miles   from   the  objective 
point  of^  the  expedition,  with  orders  to  hold 
the  position  at  all  hazards  and  keep  open  com- 
munication.    His  detachment  was  attacked  by 
a  .superior  torce  of  rebels  and  an  engagement 
lasting  several  hours  ensued,  but  the  position 
was  held  and  the  commanding  officer  especially 
commended  the  men  who  saved  the  day  and 
made  the  success  of  the  raid  possible 

He  was  mustered  out  of  service   with  the 
rank  of  corporal,  October  31,    1863,  and  im- 
mediately resumed  the  study  of  law.     He  was 
for  .several  months  a  clerk  in  the  office  of  the 
United  States  provost  marshal,  at  Owego  New 
York.     May  12,  1864,  he  was  admitted  to  the 
bar  and  began  to  practice  at  Whitney's  Point 
New  \  ork.    After  two  years  there  he  removed 
to    Marathon,    Cortland    county,    New    York 
where  he  practiced   for  the  ne.xt  eight  years' 
Since    1874,^  however,  he  has  been  located  at 
Cortland,  New  York.     At  Marathon  he  built 
up  an   extensive  practice  and   took  an  active 
and  prominent  part  in  public  affairs.     He  was 
attorney    and    counsel    for    the    incorporated 
village  of   Marathon   and    rendered    valuable 
service  in  that  capacity  in  drafting  the  by-laws 
ot  the  village.     He  was  one  of  the  founders 
in  Marathon  of  a  council  of.  the  Loyal  Lea^^ue 
and  was  for  several  years  its  president.    In  "the 
tall  of   1873  he  was  elected   district  attorney 
of  Cortland  county  and,  in  February  following- 
moved  his  office  to  the  county  seat  and  took  up 
his   residence   there   in    April.      As   a   district 
attorney  he  made  an  exceptionally  good  repu- 
tation for  ability  and  zeal  in  the  trial  of  cases 
Many  of  the  criminal  cases  in  which  he  secured 
convictions  were  important,  and  the  fines  and 
penalties  paid  into  the  county  treasury  durino- 
his  term  of  office  were  substantial  evidence  0I 
his  efficiency  as  a  public  prosecutor.     He  held 
the  office  until  1877  and  since  then  has  devoted 
himself  to  his  private  practice,  which  has  been 
very  large.     In  politics  he  is  a   staunch  Re- 
publican, though  he  has  on  occasion  given  an 
example   of   political    independence.      On   ac- 
count  of  his  good   fighting  qualities,   his   ad- 

f'^JU^O-yiy^A^s^^  U (TUnAyOJ!^<^cl_  /fHj^^^jC^ 

NEW  Y(  )RK. 


■versaries  in  politics  came  tu  calling  him  Ben- 
jamin "Tecumseh"  Wright,  and  the  nickname 
has  for  many  years  been  used  by  his  friends 
generally.  As  a  public  speaker  at  banquets,  in 
the  court  room,  on  the  political  platform,  and 
at  other  gatherings  he  has  won  a  reputation 
second  to  none  in  the  county. 

He  is  a  member  of  Grover  Post,  No.  98, 
Grand  Army  of  the  Republic,  and  for  two 
consecutive  terms  was  its  commander.  In 
1880  he  was  inspector  general  of  the  Depart- 
ment of  New  York,  on  the  staiif  of  Hon.  L. 
Coe  Young,  department  commander,  and  his 
report  received  the  hearty  commendation  of 
the  annual  encampment  as  the  m<i^t  complete 
and  useful  one  ever  submitted.  He  was  also 
a  member  of  the  staff  of  General  Russell  .A. 
Alger,  national  commander,  and  is  now  a  mem- 
ber of  the  Russell  A.  Alger  National  Staff 
Association.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Cortland 
County  \'eterans  Association  and  other  organ- 
izations of  veterans  of  the  civil  war. 

Mr.  Wright  is  a  lover  of  nature  and  in  his 
younger  days  was  an  enthusiastic  sportsman. 
He  continues  to  enjoy  his  annual  seasons  of 
recreation  in  field  and  forest,  on  the  lake,  or 
beside  the  stream  with  rod  and  gun.  In  relig- 
ion he  is  a  Congregationalist  and  a  member  of 
the  First  Congregational  Church  and  Society 
of  Cortland,  has  been  a  member  of  its  board 
of  trustees  and  for  several  years  chairman  of 
the  board,  an  active  worker  in  the  Sunday 
school,  of  which  he  was  the  first  librarian.  He 
was  raised  a  Mason  in  Upper  Lisle  Lodge,  No. 
388,  and  afterward  became  a  charter  member 
of  Western  Light  Lodge  of  Free  Masons  at 
Lisle,  New  York,  and  its  first  junior  warden 
and  a  warden  thereof,  and  then  affiliated  with 
Marathon  Lodge,  at  Marathon,  .New  York, 
and  has  been  for  many  years  a  member  of 
Cortlandville  Lodge,  No.  470;  also  a  member 
of  Cortland  Chapter,  No.  194,  Royal  Arch 
Masons,  by  affiliation  from  Ringhaniton  Chap- 
ter, No.  139,  and  is  now  a  member  of  Cortland 
Commandery,  No.  50.  Knights  Templar. 

He  married.  May  9,  1866,  Mary  .\nn  How- 
land,  born  December  23,  1840.  daughter  of  .\r- 
temas  and  Liicinda  L.  (  Raker)  Howland.  Chil- 
dren: Mary  Lida.  Elizabeth  Linncll,  Margaret 

(The   Strang   Line). 

( I  )  Daniel  L'Estrange.  or  Strang,  the  im- 
migrant ancestor,  was  born  in  Paris,  France. 
in  1656.  He  married  Charlotte,  daughter  of 
Francis  Hubert.     They  were  Huguenots,  and 

as  such  were  obliged,  upon  the  Rev(K-ation  of 
the  Edict  of  Nantes,  October  22.  i')85,  to  be- 
come refugees  and  to  flee  t(j  England.  There 
they  settled  in  London,  where  he  obtained  a 
lieutenancy  in  the  Guards  of  James,  Duke  of 
York,  then  King  of  Great  Britain.  In  1688  he 
immigrated  with  his  wife  to  America,  together 
with  other  French  Protestants,  and  settled  in 
.New  Rochelle,  New  York!  In  1697  he  re- 
moved to  the  town  of  Rye,  Westchester  county, 
New  York,  where  he  kept  a  hotel  for  a  time. 
Fkth  he  and  his  wife  died  there,  the  former  in 
1706,  the  latter  in  1722,  and  were  buried  in  the 
Episcopal  churchyard.  They  had  seven  chil- 
dren, of  whom  E)aniel,  mentioned  below,  was 

(  11  )  Daniel  (2).  snu  of  Daniel  (  i  )  Strang, 
was  born  in  England,  and  married  I'hcebe 
I'urdy.  They  had  eight  children,  of  whom 
Henry,  mentioned  below,  was  one. 

(HI)  Henry,  son  of  Daniel  12)  Strang, 
married.  1761.  Margaret,  daughter  of  Thomas 
Hazard,  of  the  Island  of  Nassau.  He  was  a 
lieutenant  or  captain  in  the  revolution  and 
had  a  brother  Joseph  who  was  a  major  in  the 
same  service.  Both  served  at  or  near  Harlem, 
New  York.  He  died  July  22,  1832,  aged 
ninety-three  years.  He  had  twelve  children, 
Thomas,  mentioned  lielow,  being  one. 

(I\')  Thomas,  son  of  Henry  Strang,  was 
born  in  1763,  and  lived  near  Crum  Pond,  in 
Westchester  county.  He  married  (  first )  Eliz- 
abeth Sammis.  and  ( second  )  Abigail  Brown. 
.Among  their  children  was  Margaret,  who  mar- 
rie  1  Reuben  Wright  (see  Wright  IV). 

(The  (_'rane  Line). 

(I)  Benjamin  Crane,  immigrant  ancestor, 
was  born  about  1630.  and  was  in  Wethersfield, 
Connecticut,  as  early  as  1655.  Ellery  B.  Crane, 
in  his  "Crane  Genealogy"  says :  "It  is  not  posi- 
tively known  when  he  came  to  Wethersfield, 
but  Hinman,  in  his  'History  of  Connecticut 
Settlers.'  seems  t(j  think  that  he  came  from 
Massachusetts,  which  statement  all  investiga- 
tions thus  far  seem  to  warrant."  On  February 
24,  1656.  he  was  grantefl  a  home  lot  of  two  and 
a  half  acres  in  the  centre  of  the  town.  He  was 
admitted  a  freeman.  May  12.  1658,  and  his 
name  appears  on  the  court  records  in  1655-56. 
He  bought  of  John  Dixon  or  Dickenson,  Sep- 
tember 14.  16(14.  land  in  the  West  Field,  and 
there  built  his  dwelling-house  and  tanneries,  on 
Mud  Lane.  The  house  was  one  of  the  six 
houses  fortified  by  town  vote  in  1704.    He  also 



had  a  grant  of  land  on  Beaver,  now  Tando's 
brook,  in  1660.  He  served  on  the  jury  in  1664, 
drew  land  in  the  allotment  of  1670,  and  pnr- 
chased  land  of  Daniel  Rose  in  1673,  and  other 
tracts  at  various  times.  In  May,  1682,  he  was 
one  of  those  who  petitioned  the  general  court 
for  liberty  to  "erect  a  plantation  in  the  Wabay- 
nassit  country"  (Windham  county).  He  car- 
ried on  his  tanning  business  about  a  mile  below 
the  village  on  the  Middletown  road,  and  the 
.spot  for  years  has  been  known  as  "Old  Crane's 
Tannery  Place."  At  his  death.  May  31,  1691, 
his  son  John  succeeded  to  the  business.  He 
married,  April  23,  1655,  Mary  liackus,  who 
died  July  8,  1717,  daughter  of  William  and 
Sarah  (Cliarles)  Backus.  Children :  Benjamin, 
born  March  i,  1656;  drowned  June  20,  1693; 
Jonathan,  December  i,  1658,  mentioned  below  ; 
Joseph,  April  i,  1661  ;  John,  April  30,  1663; 
Elijah,  16(55;  Abraham,  1668;  Jacob,  1670; 
Israel,  November  i.  1671  ;  Mary,  1673. 

(11)  Lieutenant  Jonathan  Crane,  son  of 
Benjamin  Crane,  was  born  December  i,  1658, 
died  in  Lebanon,  Connecticut,  March  12,  1735. 
He  was  one  of  the  settlers  of  Windham,  Con- 
necticut, and  at  the  first  public  meeting,  May 
18,  1691,  was  chosen,  with  three  others,  to  run 
the  town  lines.  During  that  summer  he  built 
and  set  in  operation  his  gristmill,  which  was 
on  the  site  of  what  is  now  known  as  Brig- 
ham's  Mills.  October  6,  i6gi,  he,  with  ten 
others,  petitioned  the  general  court  to  grant 
them  a  town  charter,  the  town  to  be  called 
Windham.  The  petition  was  granted  May  12, 
1692.  At  the  first  public  meeting,  June  12, 
1692,  he  was  chosen  one  of  the  "Townsmen," 
,  and  at  the  same  time  was  on  a  committee  to 
secure  a  minister.  He  held  also  various  minor 
ofifices.  In  May,  1695,  he  was  elected  ensign 
of  a  military  company  and  commissionetl  by 
the  general  court  in  October  of  that  year.  Janu- 
ary, 1695,  he  exchanged  property  with  Ser- 
geant William  Backus,  and  received  for  his 
gristmill,  a  new  dwelling-house  in  Windham, 
together  with  several  acres  of  land,  known  as 
the  "Hither  Place."  This  property  he  sold 
again  in  April  of  the  same  year.  January  30. 
1700,  he,  with  Rev.  Samuel  Whiting,  pur- 
chased a  lot  of  land  in  Windham,  which  they 
gave  to  the  town  for  a  "meeting-house  plat  or 
common."  It  was  afterwards  called  "Wind- 
ham Green,"  and  upon  it  the  first  meeting- 
house was  erected.  In  iCyc)8  he  and  Thomas 
Huntington  had  purchased,  in  behalf  of  the 
])roprict(irs  (if  W'indham,  a  tract  of  land  con- 

taining about  ten  thousand  acres,  lying  between 
Windliam  and  Norwich,  and,  in  1700,  this  tract 
was  made  over  to  him  and  Rev.  Samuel  Whit- 
ing to  lay  out  and  sell  to  settlers.  That  same 
year  he  received  permission  from  the  court  at 
Hartford  "to  keep  a  public  victualing  house 
for  the  entertainment  of  travelers  and  strang- 
ers, and  the  retailing  of  strong  drink,"  and,  in 
1703,  the  town  agreed  to  have  but  "one  ordi- 
nary. Lieutenant  Crane  to  keep  it."  He  was 
also  in  that  year  commissioned  lieutenant  by 
the  general  court.  The  following  year,  when 
the  Indian  war  broke  out  afresh,  the  military 
company  of  Windham  was  reorganized  and 
he  was  chosen  lieutenant.  He  was  exceedingly 
active  in  all  church  affairs,  and,  in  1726,  was 
chosen,  with  two  others,  to  act  with  the  dea- 
cons as  councillors  of  the  church.  June  26, 
1726,  at  the  first  court  of  common  pleas,  he 
was  one  of  the  first  set  of  jurymen  emjianelled 
in  the  county  of  Windham.  He  was  also 
deputy  to  the  general  court  from  Windham 
for  nine  years,  1701-03-05-07-14-17-18-21-22. 
July  3,  1734,  he  is  called  of  Lebanon.  He 
married  Deborah,  born  May,  1661,  died  1704, 
daughter  of  Francis  Griswold,  who  was  first 
in  Saybrook,  in  W^indsor,  in  1649,  and  in  Nor- 
wich, 1660.  He  died  June  6,  1735.  Children 
of  Jonathan  Crane:  Sarah,  born  November  16, 
1680;  Jonathan,  February  2,  1684;  John,  Octo- 
ber I,  1687;  Mary,  October  20,  1689:  Hannah, 
March  7,  1692;  Isaac,  April  6,  1694;  Joseph, 
]\Iay  17,  1696,  mentioned  below;  Elizabeth 
(twin),  February,  1698,  died  same  year ;  Deb- 
orah (twin),  February,  1698,  died  same  year; 
.\bigail,  February  15,  1700. 

(Ill)  Joseph,  son  of  Lieutenant  Jonathan 
Crane,  was  born  May  17,  1696,  in  \Vindham, 
died  .August  20,  1781.  In  1713,  when  a  new 
meeting-house  was  built  in  Windham,  he  and 
several  other  young  men  built  a  pew  for  their 
own  use.  Some  time  before  1719  he  removed 
to  Fairfield,  and  that  year  married  and  re- 
ceived property  there  from  his  father-in-law, 
deed  dated  September  8,  1725.  Later  it  ap- 
pears that  he  removed  to  Norwalk,  and  thence 
to  South  East,  Putnam  county.  New  York. 
He  located  in  the  latter  town,  about  1730.  and 
on  the  east  branch  of  the  Croton  river,  built 
"Crane's  Alill."  In  1747  he  was  chosen  high- 
way master.  He  married,  1719,  Mary,  daugh- 
ter of  Samuel ,  of  Fairfield,  born  De- 
cember 13,  1695,  died  January  9,  1766.  Chil- 
dren: Zebulon,  born  January  25,  1721,  men- 
tioned below;  Joseph,  October  2,  1722;  Mary, 



I\Iay  30,  1726;  Thaddeiis,  March  27.  1728; 
Abigail,  April  3,  1730;  Anna,  April  12,  1732; 
Stephen,  May  19,  1734;  Adah,  October  25, 

(I\  )  Zebulon,  son  of  Joseph  Crane,  was 
born  January  25,  1721.  He  married  Sarah, 
daughter  of  William  Belden,  of  Wilton,  Con- 
necticut, who  was  resident  of  Deerfield,  Mas- 
sachusetts, in  the  fall  of  1696,  at  the  time  of 
the  French  and  Indian  raid  on  that  town.  In 
1769  Mr.  Crane  removed  from  Bedford,  West- 
chester county,  New  York,  to  Judeali,  now 
\N'ashington,  Litchfield  county,  Connecticut. 
Soon  after  his  wife  and  five  children  died, 
within  two  months  of  one  another.  In  1758 
he  was  captain  of  a  military  company  in  West- 
chester county,  from  which  men  were  taken 
for  service  in  the  French  war,  for  the  pur- 
pose of  "ranging  and  scouring  the  frontier." 
Children  :  John,  born  November  24,  1742,  men- 
tioned below  ;  William,  October,  1744  ;  Zebulon, 
August  7,  1746;  Elijah,  April  i.  1748;  Sarah, 
July  12,  1750;  Mary,  October  8,  1752,  died 
young;  Belden,  November  30,  1754,  died 
young:  Samuel,  April  11,  1757:  Abigail,  May 
26,  1759;  Stephen,  April  11,  1761,  died  young; 
Anna,  August  3,  1763,  died  young ;  Seth,  March 
I,  1766,  died  young. 

(V)  John,  son  of  Zebulon  Crane,  was  born 
November  24,  1742,  died  at  Carmel,  New  York, 
June  9,  1827.  He  marrieil,  March  i,  1764, 
Tamar,  daughter  of  John  and  Hannah  Car- 
penter, of  New  Castle,  Westchester  county, 
New  York  (see  Carpenter  XIII).  A  farm 
deeded  to  Joseph  Carpenter,  an  ancestor  of 
the  above,  in  1736,  is  still  in  possession  of  the 
Crane  family.  In  1769,  with  his  wife  and  two 
small  children,  he  removed  from  New  Castle 
to  a  farm  of  two  hundred  and  fifty  acres,  situ- 
ated near  Lake  Mahopac,  and  there,  in  1772, 
he  built  the  first  frame  house  in  that  part  of 
tiie  country.  It  was  a  public  inn,  where  town 
business  was  transacted  and  town  meetings 
held.  He  held  the  office  of  justice  of  the 
peace,  and  was  associate  judge  of  the  court  of 
common  pleas,  in  Dutchess  county,  before  the 
county  was  divided,  and  also  of  Putnam  coun- 
ty, after  it  was  established.  He  served  in  the 
revolution :  Private,  Third  Company,  New 
York  Line,  March  2  to  July  15,  1777;  captain, 
Fourth  Company,  Seventh  Regiment  (Lud- 
dington's  regiment),  elected  March  12,  1776. 
His  commission,  which  he  received  from  Gov- 
ernor Clinton,  is  now  in  the  possession  of  his 
youngest  grandson,  Benjamin  T.  Crane.  Dur- 

ing  the  war  General  Charles  Scott,  with  his 
staft',  made  his  headciuarters  for  a  time  at  Johii 
Crane's  inn,  and  the  continental  troops,  in 
going  from  the  headquarters,  at  Salem,  West- 
chester, to  West  Point,  often  stopped  there. 
.•\n  interesting  story  is  told  of  one  of  his  ex- 
ploits during  the  war.  Receiving  information 
that  some  fifty  or  sixty  Tories,  enlisted  in  the 
P.ritish  army,  were  to  be  mustered  into  the 
service  on  a  certain  night  by  British  officers, 
sent  from  New  York  for  the  purpose,  he  re- 
solved to  prevent  the  muster,  and,  if  possible, 
capture  the  whole  party.  He  summoned  to 
his  aid  two  resolute  men  from  the  highlands, 
who,  armed  with  muskets  and  bayonets,  ac- 
companied him  after  dark  to  the  rendezvous 
of  the  Tories,  a  secluded  log  house,  having 
only  one  door  and  one  window.  On  arriving 
at  the  place,  he  became  assured  that  the  Tories 
and  officers  had  assembled  and  then  quietly 
staticmed  his  two  men,  one  at  the  door  and  one 
at  the  window,  and  riding  furiously  about  the 
house  in  a  loud  voice  delivered  orders  station- 
ing imaginary  troops  about  the  building.  The 
men  in  the  house  were  deceived.  When  one 
attempted  to  look  out  he  was  met  with  a 
bayonet  thrust  from  the  guard  at  the  door. 
Crane  demanded  the  surrender  of  the  party 
and  declined  to  parley.  The  Tories  gave  in 
and  the  two  guards  were  sent  into  bind  the 
prisoners.  The  rage  and  humiliation  of  the 
helpless  prisoners  may  be  imagined  wdicn  they 
disci  ivered  how  they  had  been  tricked.  .At 
the  first  town-  meeting  of  Carmel,  April  7, 
1795,  he  was  chosen  town  clerk,  and  also  com- 
missioner of  highways.  He  was  active  in 
church  work,  and  with  his  family  went  on 
horseback  from  their  home  near  Alahopac  to 
attend  service  in  the  old  log  church  near  "Tilly 
Foster  Mines,"  and  later  aided  in  the  erection 
and  support  of  the  Gilead  Presbyterian  Church, 
at  Carmel. 

He  was  an  untlinching  patriot,  and  a  notable 
man  on  account  of  his  integrity  and  superior 
business  capacity  in  the  management  of  public 
matters.  In  his  private  life  he  was  a  man  of 
great  kindness  of  heart,  a  firm  friend  and  an 
indulgent  parent.  In  person  he  was  of  medium 
size,  of  good  proportion,  with  mild  blue  eyes 
and  a  great  dignity  of  manner.  His  children 
and  grandchildren  were  endowed  with  unusual 
attainments  and  of  high  personal  character.  His 
wife  Tamar  was  born  December  i,  1747,  died 
at  Carmel,  January  i,  1823.  Children  :  Joseph, 
born  June  3.  1766:  Adah,  June  6,  1768;  Ste- 



phen,  November  i,  1770:  John,  June  6,  1773; 
Zillah,  October  3,  1775:  Nathaniel,  February 
28,  1778,  mentioned  below;  Sarah,  June  27, 
1780:  Arabella,  December  25,  1784;  Clorinda, 
October  2,  1787. 

(VI)  Nathaniel,  son  of  Captain  John  Crane, 
was  born  February  28,  1778,  died  September 
27,  1855.  He  married,  October  3.  1799,  Mar- 
tha Ann  Townsend,  born  November  12,  1783, 
died  May  i,  1825,  daughter  of  Benjamin  Town- 
send,  of  Mahopac.  Their  home  was  in  Put- 
nam county.  New  York.  He  served  in  the  war 
of  1812.  Children:  John  Arthur,  born  July 
4,  1800,  died  September  9,  1804;  Tamar  Ann, 
January  4,  1802,  died  December  17,  1825; 
James  Townsend,  May  3,  1804,  died  December 
14,  1826;  Caroline  Eliza,  June  20,  1806:  Fred- 
erick Augustus,  October  17,  1808,  died  Decem- 
ber II,  1826;  Charlotte  Louisa,  December  2"]. 
1 8 10:  Joseph  Hatfield,  September  11,  181 3, 
married  Ann  Eliza  lirown,  November,  1839, 
died  February  17,  1864;  Nathaniel  Morton, 
February  23.  iSiCi,  married  Amelia  P.  Tabor, 
May  4.  1844,  died  December  25,  1891  ;  Mary 
Elizabeth,  July  29,  1818,  married  Thomas 
Strang  Wright'  January  24,  1837  (see  Wright 
V)  ;  Augusta  Sophia,  September  12,  1821  ; 
Benjamin  Townsend,  January  24,   1824. 

(The   Carpenter  Line). 

(IX)  Richard  Carpenter,  son  of  William 
Carpenter  ( q.  v.),  was  of  Amesbury,  England, 
and  was  buried  there,  September  21,  1625.  He 
had  a  son  William,  mentioned  below. 

(X)  William,  son  of  Richard  Carpenter, 
was  the  immigrant  ancestor  of  this  branch  of 
the  family.  He  was  the  first  person  of  the 
name  who  made  permanent  settlement  in 
America.  He  sailed  from  Dartmouth,  Eng- 
land, May  I,  1635,  and  arrived  in  New  Eng- 
land, June  24,  1635,  going  first  to  Hingham 
and  then  to  Providence,  Rhode  Island,  where 
he  arriveil  April  20,  1635.  lie  was  one  of  the 
original  proprietors  of  Providence  and  one 
of  the  founders  of  the  First  Baptist  Church  in 
America,  in  1638-39.  He  soon  removed  to 
Pautuxet,  about  four  miles  south  of  Provi- 
dence, later  known  as  Cranston.  He  served 
many  years  in  the  general  court  as  deinity  and 
was  a  very  prominent  man.  He  sufifercd  in  the 
Indian  outbreak,  and,  on  January  27.  1676,  lost 
two  hundred  sheep,  fifty  head  of  cattle  and  fif- 
teen horses.  His  house  was  set  on  fire  and 
attacked  by  about  three  hundred  Indians,  but 
the   flames    were   extinguished.      Two   of    his 

household  were  killed.  He  died  September  7, 
1685.  His  will  was  datetl  February  10,  1680, 
with  codicil  March  15,  1684,  and  proved  Octo- 
ber I,  1685.  He  married,  in  England,  Eliza- 
beth, daughter  of  William  and  Christiana 
(  Peak  )  .Arnold,  born  in  Cheselbourne,  Dorset- 
shire, England.  November  23,  1611.  William 
Arnold,  her  father,  was  born  June  24,  1587, 
died  at  Providence,  Rhode  Island,  about  1676. 
Her  mother,  Christiana  (Peak)  .Arnold,  was 
the  daughter  of  Thomas  Peak.  Children :  Jo- 
seph, born  about  1635,  mentioned  below  ;  Lydia, 
born  in  Providence,  about  1638.  Born  in  Pau- 
tuxet: Ephraim,  about  1640;  Timothy,  about 
1643;  V\'illiam,  about  1645;  Priscilla,  about 
1648:  Silas,  1650;  Benjamin,  about  1653. 

(XI)  Joseph,  son  of  \\'illiam  Carpenter, 
was  born  in  England,  at  Amesbury,  in  Wilt- 
shire, about  1635.  He  came  to  New  England 
with  his  father  and  settled  first  at  Providence. 
He  married,  .April  21,  1659,  Hannah  Carpenter, 
born  at  Weymouth,  Alassachusetts,  February 
3,  1640,  daughter  of  William  Carpenter,  of 
Rehoboth,  Massachusetts.  Joseph  Carpenter 
settled  at  Warwick,  where  he  had  a  corn  mill. 
His  house  was  on  the  south  side  of  the  Pau- 
tuxet river,  at  the  wading  place  near  the  falls. 
As  early  as  1663  he  was  at  Long  Island,  to 
make  negotiations  with  the  Indians  for  the 
purchase  of  land  at  Oyster  Bay,  but  did  not 
settle  there  until  1667,  as  he  had  considerable- 
trouble  in  getting  possession  of  the  land,  where 
he  proposed  to  erect  a  sawmill  and  a  fulling 
mill.  He  built  a  house  about  1668,  at  what  is 
now  Glen  Cove,  which  continued  to  be  used  as 
a  dwelling-house  until  1835.  It  was  the  first 
house  there  and  the  site  may  still  be  seen.  His 
wife  died  about  1673:  and  he  married  (sec- 
ond) Ann,  daughter  of  Francis  and  Elizabeth 
(Luther)  Weeks.  She  was  baptized,  with  her 
brothers.  .Samuel,  John  and  Joseph,  in  the 
Dutch  church  at  New  York,  in  1647.  Her 
father,  Francis  Weeks,  was  one  of  the  five 
persons  who  was  with  Roger  Williams  in  the 
canoe  when  he  first  landed  at  Providence. 
Roger  Williams  said  of  him  that  "he  was  a 
poor  young  lad  who  came  with  them  at  the 
re(|uest  of  John  .Smith  (miller)."  As  he  was 
not  of  age,  a  ])ortion  of  land  was  set  off  for 
him  and  held  by  the  proprietors  until  he  reach- 
ed legal  age.  Me  was  an  early  settler  at  Hemp- 
stead. Long  Island,  and,  March  \~.  1637,  was 
made  t(nvnsman  there.  In  1658  he  and  his 
wife  were  heavily  fined  for  entertaining  Quak- 
ers, and  soon  after  removed  to  Oyster  Bay, 



where  he  died,  1687-88.  Letters  of  adminis- 
tration were  granted  on  the  estate  of  Josejih 
Carpenter,  July  9,  1684.  Children:  Joseph, 
born  i()to;  Daughter,  1662,  married  WilHam 
Thornicraft;  Tamsen,  1664:  WiUiam,  1666; 
Xathaniel,  1668,  mentioned  below;  Hannah, 
1672-73.  Children  of  second  wife:  .\nn,  1676; 
Benjamin,  1680;  John.  1683. 

(XII)  Xathaniel,  son  of  Joseph  Carpenter, 
was  born  in  1668,  the  first  white  child  born  at 
Mosquito  Cove,  Long  Island.  He  sold  land 
there  April  16,  1719.  and  removed  to  Xortli 
Castle,  near  Rye.  \\'estchester  county.  He 
bought  land  in  Xorth  Castle  of  Job  Wright. 
May  15.  1729.  He  died  after  1730.  Children: 
Hannah,  born  about  1691  ;  Joseph;  Robert; 
Benjamin  ;  John,  mentioned  below  ;  Anne  ;  Abi- 
gail :  Xathaniel,  and  perhaps  Samuel  and 

(XIII)  John,  son  of  Xathaniel  Carpenter, 
was  born  at  Mosquito  Cove,  about  1698.  He 
married  Hannah .  He  settled  at  Fred- 
ericksburg. Dutchess  county,  where  he  died. 
His  will  was  dated  October  31,  1777,  and 
proved  December  21,  1781.  bequeathing  to  wife 
Hannah ;  grandson  Caleb,  son  of  his  son 
Gabriel ;  grandson  Joseph,  son  of  Tamar  and 
John  Crane;  grandson  Joseph,  son  of  Sarah 
and  Henry  Lewis;  grandson  Benjamin,  son 
of  daughter  Anne.  Children:  Gabriel,  born 
1735;  Anne  or  Ame,  Xovember  25,  1738:  Jo- 
seph; Tamar,  married  John  Crane  (see  Crane 
\')  ;  Sarah. 

Conrad  Davis  was  born  in  W'ash- 
DA\TS     ington,  New  Jersey,  a  descendant 

of  one  of  the  early  settlers  of  New 
Jersey.  According  to  tradition  three  brothers 
:ame  from  Wales  and  settled  in  the  vicinity  of 
vvhat  is  now  Washington.  Conrad  Davis  was 
1  prominent  and  well-to-do  citizen.  He  con- 
ducted a  general  store,  distillery  and  hotel. 
During  the  revolution  he  furnished  supplies 
for  Washington's  troops  as  suttler  at  X'alley 
Forge  and  at  other  times,  and  he  was  compen- 
sated by  the  government  afterward  by  a  grant 
)f  six  thousand  six  hundred  acres  of  land, 
^e  is  supposed  to  have  built  the  first  bridge 
)ver  the  Delaware  river  and  the  first  road  into 
Calley  Forge,  over  which  he  carried  supplies 
o  W^ashington"s  army,  and  through  him  the 
irmy  was  saved  from  starvation.    He  married 

Weller.    They  had  a  son  Conrad,  men- 

ioned  below. 

(II)  Conrad  (2),  son  of  Conrad  ( i)  Davis, 
was  also  born  in  Washington,  New  Jeisey,  and 
he  lived  and  died  in  that  town.  He  succeeded 
to  his  father's  business  and  estate,  and  was  a 
man  of  considerable  wealth  and   standing  in 

the  community.     He  married  Weller. 

Children:  John  P..  Jacob  W. ;  Job  J.,  men- 
tioned below  ;  Edward.  Rachel.  Mary  and  Lena. 
(  HI)  Job  J.,  son  of  Conrad  (2)  Davis,  was 
born  in  \\'ashington,  New  Jersey,  in  1826, 
died  in  1895.  He  received  a  common  school 
education,  learned  the  trade  of  carpenter, 
and  engaged  in  business  as  a  contractor  and 
builder.  He  married  Susanna  P.  Watts,  of 
Paterson,  New  Jersey.  Her  father  was  a 
native  of  England.  Children:  i.  Jacob  W., 
treasurer  of  the  J.  E.  Davis  Alanufacturing 
Company  ;  married  Katherine  Fox  ;  children  : 
Charles,  Mary  and  Blanche.  2.  Rosa,  lives  at 
Washington.  Xew  Jersey.  3.  Louise,  married 
John  Christian,  of  Xew  I'.runswick.  4.  Sarah, 
married  David  Bibinger,  a  native  of  Germany. 
5.  John  E.,  mentiijned  below.  6.  (jeorge  B., 
for  a  time  vice-president  of  the  J.  E.  Davis 
Manufacturing  Company. 

(  I\')  John  Edward,  son  of  Job  J.  Davis, 
was  born  in  Washington,  New  Jersey,  May  i, 
1863,  and  was  educated  in  the  public  sch()ols 
of  his  native  town.  When  he  left  school  he 
began  to  work  in  tlie  organ  factory  of  D.  F. 
Beatty.  at  Washington,  Xew  Jersey,  and  con- 
tinued there  for  three  years.  He  was  after- 
ward employed  by  various  piano  manufac- 
turers in  New  York  City ;  Xorwich,  Xew 
York,  and  Hazelton,  Pennsylvania.  He  re- 
turned to  Washington,  and,  in  1893,  engaged 
in  the  coal  business,  in  i)artnership  with  R.  L. 
Cline.  under  the  firm  name  of  R.  L.  Cline  & 
Company.  He  was  also  in  partnership  with 
his  brother  in  the  poultry  business,  under  the 
firm  name  of  Davis  Brothers.  In  1898  he 
began  to  manufacture  piano  backs  in  Washing- 
ton, under  the  corporate  name  of  Washington 
Manufacturing  Company,  and  continued  suc- 
cessfully until  1903,  when  he  came  to  Cort- 
land, Xew  York,  and  bought  the  factory  of 
the  W'hitney  Carriage  Company,  in  which  he 
began  to  manufacture  cases  and  piano  backs. 
The  business  was  incorporated  as  the  J.  E. 
Davis  Manufacturing  Company.  The  plant 
is  located  on  East  Court  and  Pendleton  streets, 
with  offices  at  57  East  Court  street.  Piano 
cases,  backs,  trusses,  pilasters,  bridges  and 
other  parts  are  manufactured  for  piano  manu- 



facturers.  The  business  of  the  concern  lias 
grown  enormously  and  its  customers  are  found 
in  all  parts  of  the  country.  The  plant  is  one 
of  the  largest  of  its  kind,  having  floor  space 
of  one  hundred  and  ten  thousand  feet,  and  it 
is  equipjied  with  one  of  the  most  modern  and 
efficient  wood-working  plants  to  be  found  any- 
where. The  company  employs  about  three 
hundred  hands  regularly.  The  officers  of  the 
company  are:  President,  John  Edward  Davis; 
secretary,  B.  M.  Ashby  ;  treasurer,  J.  W.  Davis. 
The  facilities  of  the  company  for  economical 
and  superior  work  have  been  planned  largely 
by  the  president.  The  unseasoned  lumber 
comes  to  the  factory  in  train  loads,  and  is  un- 
loaded from  a  private  siding  at  the  factory 
and  stored  in  the  immense  kilns,  which  have  a 
capacity  of  six  hundred  thousand  feet  of  lum- 
ber, furnished  with  some  twelve  miles  of  steam 
pipes.  Sixty  carloads  of  lumber  can  be  dried 
at  one  time.  In  the  busy  season  the  company 
saws  more  than  twenty-five  thousand  feet  of 
lumber  and  produces  more  than  two  hundred 
piano  backs  and  one  hundred  piano  cases  daily. 
In  politics  Mr.  Davis  is  an  independent,  in 
religion  a  Presbyterian.  He  is  a  member  of 
Knights  of  Pythias,  and  Piano  Club  of  New 

He  married,  in  1891,  Althea  D.  Hulsizer,  of 
Asbury,  New  Jersey,  daughter  of  Thomas  Hul- 
sizer. They  have  one  daughter,  Althea  C, 
born  November  17,  1898,  at  VVashington,  New 

Joshua  Jennings,  immigrant 
JENNINGS     ancestor,   was  born  as  early 

as  1620,  in  England.  The 
first  record  of  him  in  this  country  is  that  of  his 
marriage,  at  Hartford,  December  22,  1647,  to 
Mary  Williams,  of  that  town.  In  1650  he  set- 
tled in  Fairfield  with  other  Hartford  men.  The 
tradition  of  the  family  says  that  he  landed 
first  at  what  is  now  Bridgeport,  and  went  to 
Barlow's  Plain.  "He  was  an  intelligent  and 
industrious  man,  worthy  citizen  and  maintain- 
ed an  excellent  reputation.  He  died  in  1675, 
leaving  a  good  estate  to  his  wife  and  children." 
From  him  have  descended  many  prominent 
citizens.  Green  I-'arms,  which  was  formerly 
part  of  Fairfield,  is  composed  largely  of  Jen- 
nings descendants.  "Their  name  is  associated 
with  thrift  and  prosperity;  honest,  industrious 
and  orderly  lives ;  tlomestic  in  their  habits,  or 
fond  of  home  life;  retiring,  not  seeking  pub- 

licity." They  were  also  patriotic,  as  the  records 
show,  ready  to  risk  property  and  life  in  defence 
of  their  country.  Children :  Joshua,  married 
Mary  Lyon  ;  Joseph,  married  (  first )  Abigail 
Gurney,  and  (second)  Sarah  Bulkeley;  Mich- 
ael;   John,    married    Sarah    ;    Samuel, 

mentioned  below  ;  Matthew,  married  Hannah 

Wheeler  ;  Isaac,  married Beers  ;  Mary, 

married    Curtis ;    Elizabeth,    married 


(11)  Samuel,  son  of  Joshua  Jennings,  mar- 
ried Sarah,  daughter  of  Michael  Grumman. 
He  died  in  1734,  and  his  will  was  dated  1728. 
Children:  Michael, baptized  .September 9,  1694; 
Elizabeth,  March  9,  1696;  Patience,  September 
25,  1698;  Sarah,  February  11,  1699;  Samuel, 
March  22,  1702;  Eunice,  January  21,  1705; 
Dorothy,  November  13,  1709;  Nathan,  May 
18,  1711,  mentioned  below;  Benjamin,  Septem- 
ber 20,  171 3. 

(in  )  Nathan,  son  of  Samuel  Jennings,  was 
baptized  May  18.  1711,  died  in  1757.  He  mar- 
ried   ,  and  had  children,  born  in 

I'airfield:  David,  Jabez,  Michael,  James,  Na- 
thaniel, Eliphalet,  Nathan ;  Anne,  married 
Alexander  Hamilton;  Sarah,  married  a  Air. 

( IV )  The  sons  of  Nathan  Jennings  settled  at 
Willington  and  Ellington,  Connecticut.  Accord- 
ing to  the  first  federal  census  of  1790,  an  "Em" 
Jennings,  doubtless  meant  for  one  of  the  sons, 
had  two  males  over  sixteen,  two  under  that 
age  and  three  females  in  his  family,  living  in 
Ellington.  At  Willington,  an  adjacent  town 
of  Tolland  county,  there  were  Nathaniel,  with 
three  sons  under  sixteen  and  two  females ; 
Davis,  with  two  sons  over  sixteen  and  two 
females ;  Nathan,  with  two  sons  over  sixteen, 
one  under  that  age  and  three  females  ;  Nathan- 
iel 2d,  with  two  sons  under  sixteen  and  two 
females  and  Widow  Jennings  with  one  son 
under  sixteen  and  two  females.  Some  of  these 
were  grandsons  of  Nathan. 

(V)  Oliver  Jennings,  grandson  of  Nathan 
Jennings,  was  born  at  Fairfield  or  Ellington, 
Connecticut.  He  was  a  soldier  in  the  revolu- 
tion, in  Colonel  Huntington's  regiment,  a  cor- 
poral, reported  missing  after  the  battle  of  Long 
Island,  August  27,  1776.  He  was  taken  pris- 
oner and  died  on  a  British  ])rison  ship.  Chil- 
dren: Lucinda.  Cordial  and  Oliver. 

(\T)  Cordial,  son  of  Oliver  Jennings,  was 
born  before  1776.  He  removed  to  Cornwall, 
\'erniont,    in    later    life.      He    married    Lucy 



Foote  Gunn,  of  an  old  Connecticut  family. 
Children  :  Slierben,  mentioned  below  ;  Betsey ; 
David ;  Chauncey,  born  in  Cornwall,  \'ermont. 
April  3,  181 1  :  Bradford. 

(VII)  Sherben,  son  of  Cordial  Jennings, 
was  born  in  Ellington,  Connecticut,  about  1800. 
He  married  Sabrina  Smith.  Children,  born  in 
\'erniont  or  Xew  York  state :  Cordial,  men- 
tioned below :  Clarinda,  Ebenezer,  Mary, 
Henry,  Lucinda,  William,  David  and  Adelaide. 

(VIII)  Cordial  (2),  son  of  Sherben  Jen- 
nings, was  born  in  V'ermont,  about  1820.  He 
went  to  New  York  state  with  his  parents  and 
located  in  the  town  of  Venice,  removing  after- 
ward to  Moravia,  Xew  York.  He  had  a  coiu- 
mon  school  education.  He  was  a  farmer,  hotel 
keeper,  and  dealer  in  lumber  and  produce,  an 
earnest,  capable  and  well-to-do  citizen.  He 
retired  from  active  business  some  five  years 
before  he  died.  He  was  a  Congregationalist  in 
religion.  He  was  a  Free  Mason  and  a  member 
of  the  Royal  Arch  Chapter.  He  married  Irene 
Mellen,  of  Homer,  New  York,  daughter  of 
Jeremiah  and  Fannie  (Alills)  Mellen.  Chil- 
dren of  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Jennings:  i.  Clarence 
Mills,  born  July  27,  1856,  in  Venice,  New- 
York,  a  coal  and  ice  dealer  in  Cortland  ;  mar- 
ried Elizabeth  J.  Story  and  has  a  son,  Frank 
S.,  bom  May  17,  1889.  2.  Frank  Smith,  men- 
tioned below. 

(IX)  Dr.  Frank  Smith  Jennings,  son  of 
Cordial  (2)  Jennings,  was  born  February  16, 
1859,  at  Moravia,  New  York.  He  attended 
the  public  schools  and  graduated  froiu  the 
Moravia  high  school.  He  received  his  medical 
education  at  Syracuse  University  and  the  I'ni- 
versity  of  the  City  of  New  York,  from  which 
he  was  graduated  with  the  degree  of  M.  D.,  in 
the  class  of  1880.  He  began  to  practice  medi- 
cine in  Moravia,  and  after  two  years  located 
at  Dryden,  New  York,  where  he  continued  for 
a  period  of  seventeen  years.  He  came  to  Cort- 
land in  1900,  and  since  then  has  been  in  gen- 
eral practice  in  that  town.  He  is  a  meiuber  of 
the  town,  county  and  state  medical  societies 
and  of  the  American  Medical  Association.  He 
was  postmaster  of  Dryden  during  the  Harrison 
administration.  He  is  a  member  of  Cortland- 
ville  Lodge,  No.  470,  Free  and  Accepted 
Masons.  He  is  one  of  the  vestrymen  of  the 
Protestant  Episcopal  church. 

He  married,  in  1880.  Mary  Givens,  of  Dry- 
den, daughter  of  William  R.  and  Nancy  (La- 
mont)    Givens   (see  Givens).     They  had  one 

child,  Laura,  born  June  6,  1884,  died  July  27, 
1905  ;  married  R.  F.  Smith,  of  Cortland  ;  child, 
Laura  Jennings  Smith,  born  July  27,  1905. 

(The  Givens  Line). 

( I )  Samuel  Givens,  immigrant  ancestor,  was 
born  in  Ireland,  and  brought  up  in  England. 
He  came  to  America  with  his  father,  when  a 
young  boy.  His  father's  name  is  thought  to 
have  been  Samuel.  He  fought  in  the  war  of 
the  revolution  in  1776,  when  only  sixteen  years 
of  age,  and  his  father  was  in  the  same  war. 
He  lived  in  Orange  county.  New  York,  where 
he  married  Jane  King.  He  removed  to  Dry- 
den, Tompkins  county,  New  York,  in  1804. 
He  had  a  large  grant  of  land  there  from  the 
state,  and  this  was  very  likely  given  for  serv- 
ices rendered  in  the  revolutionary  war.  Chil- 
dren :  Amos  ;  Charles,  mentioned  below  ;  Will- 
iam. Margaret,  Letty,  Sarah,  Katie  and  Jane. 

(II)  Colonel  Charles  Givens,  son  of  Sam- 
uel ( iivens,  was  liorn  in  ( )raiige  county,  New 
York,  and  came  to  Dryden,  New  York,  with 
his  parents,  when  he  was  six  years  of  age.  He 
was  colonel  in  the  New  York  state  militia, 
and  was  very  prominent  in  the  affairs  of  the 
town  of  Dryden,  being  supervisor,  and  holding 
other  offices  all  his  life,  until  he  was  obliged 
to  decline  the  nominations  offered  him.  He 
married  Laura  Kingsley.  Children  :  Thomas  ; 
William  R.,  mentioned  below;  Edward,  Lor- 
etta,  Harrison,  Charles  and  Laura. 

(III)  William  R.,  son  of  Colonel  Charles 
Givens.  was  born  in  Dryden,  Xew  York,  April 
13.  1821.  He  was  educated  in  the  common 
schools  and  at  the  old  Ithaca  .\cademy.  .Mter 
leaving  here  he  taught  school  for  twelve  years 
and  worked  on  the  farm  summers.  In  1862 
he  bought  the  Fortner  place  of  one  hundred 
and  fifty  acres,  and,  in  1865,  he  bought  the 
William  Trapp  property  of  fifty-eight  acres, 
and  a  part  of  the  Scofield  property  and  the 
Allen  property,  all  adjoining  each  other.  In 
[idlitics  he  was  a  Republican,  and  held  many 
offices  in  town,  being  a  prominent  and  re- 
spected citizen.  He  was  generous  in  support- 
ing school  and  church  affairs,  and  was  a  con- 
scientious and  well-to-do  citizen.  When  twen- 
ty-seven years  of  age  he  married  Nancy,  daugh- 
ter of  Archibald  Lamont,  of  the  Isle  of  Bute. 
Scotland.  She  was  born  in  1824,  died  May  18. 
1901.  He  died  October  22,  1892.  Children: 
.Archibald,  Ella,  Laura;  Mary,  married  Dr. 
Frank  Smith  Jennings  (see  Jennings  IX). 



Jacob  Crutts  ( formerly  spelled 
CRUTTS     Krutz)  was  one  of  the  pioneers 

in  Dryden,  New  York,  in  1800, 
from  Oxford,  New  Jersey.  He  had  a  son 

(II)  Jacob  (2),  son  of  Jacob  (i)  Crutts, 
was  born  in  Dryden,  1819,  and  died  there.  He 
was  a  miller  by  trade.  He  married  Alary  Ann 
Banfield,  who  died  in  1892,  aged  eighty-one 
years.  Children:  i.  Edwin,  born  January  31, 
1836,  died  in  191 1  ;  had  a  common  school  edu- 
cation, and  attended  high  school  at  Ithaca, 
under  Professor  S.  D.  Carr ;  married  Ellen, 
daughter  of  Solomon  Whipple,  of  Barton, 
Tioga  county.  New  York;  in  1891  he  inherited 
one  hundred  and  seventy-five  acres  of  his 
father's  estate;  in  1889  he  bought  the  Henry 
Sayle's  property  in  \'arna,  which  is  a  part  of 
Dryden,  and  also  owns,  together  with  his 
brother,  three  other  farms  and  village  propert}-, 
and  the  Varna  gristmills ;  one  of  the  largest 
farmers  in  the  town  ;  children :  Mrs.  Alice  L. 
Mix ;  Emma  L.,  married  George  Frisbie,  and 
Ella  P.,  married  Myron  English.  2.  William 
B.,  mentioned  below.  3.  Merenus.  4.  P.urt. 
deceased.    5.  Emma,  married  Charles  Whipple. 

(III)  W'^illiam  B.,  son  of  Jacob  (2)  Crutts, 
was  born  in  Dryden,  August  zy,  1838.  He  had 
a  common  school  education,  and  also  attended 
the  high  school  at  Ithaca,  under  Professor  S. 
D.  Carr.  He  owned  the  Crutts  homestead  of 
one  hundred  and  forty  acres,  which  has  been 
in  the  family  since  1800.  He  owned  other 
property,  and  was  a  farmer  and  miller  by 
trade,  running  the  Varna  gristmills,  in  com- 
pany with  his  brother.  He  died  May  20,  1891, 
mourned  by  a  large  number  of  friends,  who 
well  appreciated  his  high  character  and  great 
ability.  He  married  Olive  Bryant,  of  Ithaca, 
born  in  1849,  daughter  of  Solomon  and  Abigail 
(Freeman)  liryant.  Children:  i.  Minnie,  mar- 
ried Edwin  S.  Burr,  of  Dryden,  and  they  have 
one  child,  .Abigail.  2.  Cora.  3.  Fred,  married  Ella 
Wescott,  and  have  Pauline ;  lives  on  homestead 
in  Dryden.  4.  Lewis  Solomon,  mentioned  below. 
5.  Carrie,  married  Burt  Miller,  of  Dryden,  has 
one  son,  DeWitt.  6.  Jacob,  a  miller  in  X'arna, 
married  Mary  Emhart. 

(IV)  Lewis  Solomon,  son  of  William  B. 
Crutts,  was  born  in  Dryden,  May  13,  1870. 
He  was  educated  in  the  public  schools  of  his 
native  town,  and  during  his  boyhood  worked 
on  his  father's  farm  there,  and  in  the  mill.  He 
and  his  brother  succeeded  to  the  ownership  of 
the  mill  of  their  father  and  thev  continued  in 

the  milling  business  until  1897.  From  that 
time  to  1905  Mr.  Crutts  conducted  a  mill  at 
Varna,  New  York.  During  the  next  two  years 
he  was  engaged  in  farming.  He  came  to  Cort- 
land in  1907,  and  since  then  has  been  in  the 
milling  business  there,  and  a  dealer  in  flour, 
feed,  grain  and  hay,  farm  implements,  etc.  He 
occu])ies  a  leading  position  among  the  mer- 
chants of  this  section.  He  is  a  member  of  the 
Alethodist  Episcopal  church. 

He  married,  November  7.  1895,  Carrie  M., 
daughter  of  Ernest  and  Ida  (Nixon)  Snyder 
(see  Snyder  V).  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Crutts  have 
no  children.  They  reside  in  an  attractive  home 
at  Cortland. 

(The   Snyder   Line). 

(I)  Christopher  Snyder,  immigrant  ances- 
tor, came  to  America  in  1746-47,  and  settled 
in  Oxford,  New  Jersey.  In  the  spring  of  1801, 
he  came  from  New  Jersey,  with  his  son  Peter, 
to  the  town  of  Dryden.  and  purchased  lot  43 
of  W'illiam  (joodwin.  In  the  fall  of  1802  he 
moved  his  family  there,  coming  in  a  party  of 
thirty-two  persons,  on  a  journey  which  was 
full  of  happenings  and  lasted  eighteen  days. 
The  eastern  half  of  the  lot  fell  to  him,  and 
the  western  to  Peter.  He  had  a  son  Peter, 
and  a  daughter  who  married  George  Dart. 

(II)  Peter,  son  of  Christopher  Snyder,  was 
born  in  Oxford,  New  Jersey,  December  26, 
1752,  died  July  23,  1832.  He  was  a  soldier  in 
the  revolutionary  army,  enlisting  in  New  Jer- 
sey, and  his  flintlock  musket  was  brought  home 
and  remained  in  the  family  until  recently, 
when  it  was  sold  at  a  vendue.  In  1801  he 
came  from  New  Jersey  with  his  father,  and 
purchased  the  lot  of  \\'illiam  Goodwin.  In 
choosing  he  had  the  western  half  of  this  lot, 
and,  in  the  fall  of  1802,  he  moved  with  his 
family  and  household  goods  in  two  wagons  to 
their  new  home.  His  sons,  William,  Jolin  and 
Abraham,  drove  twenty-five  cows  the  whole 
distance.  Before  the  moving  he,  with  the  other 
men,  had  chopped  the  timber  on  six  acres,  and 
in  the  fall  had  cleared  the  land  and  sowed  it 
with  wheat,  before  they  returned  to  New  Jer- 
sey. He  later  puichased  the  whole  of  lot  42, 
six  hundred  and  forty  acres,  and  of  this  he  gave 
one  hundred  and  six  acres  to  each  of  his  sons 
and  fifty-three  to  each  of  his  daughters.  .Among 
the  party  of  thirty-two  to  move  to  Dryden 
were  Jacob  Crutts  and  wife,  Henry  Naile,  wife 
and  child,  and  Christopher  Snyder  with  his 
family.  Peter  Snyder  married  Mary  Shane, 
in  177'').     The  children  mentioned  are:  Henry. 



mentioned  below  ;  William,  John,  ami  Abra- 

( III )  Henry,  son  of  Peter  Snyder,  was  born 
May  2,  1781,  died  in  Dryden,  August  29.  1870. 
He  came  with  his  father  in  1 80 1,  and  helped 
to  clear  the  land  before  the  family  moved  to 
Dryden.  He  received  one  hundred  and  six 
acres  of  land  from  his  father,  when  it  was 
given  to  the  children.  He  married  Mary  Teeter, 
who  died  aged  ninety-two  years.  He  had  a 
son  Peter  T.,  mentioned  below. 

(I\')  Peter  T.,  son  of  Henry  Snyder,  was 
born  May  6,  1808,  in  Dryden,  died  May  I, 
1874.  He  was  a  farmer.  He  married  Ann 
Maria  Lason,  born  July  5,  1810,  died  April 
19,  1891.  He  had  a  son  F.rnest,  mentioned 

(V)  Ernest,  son  of  Peter  T.  Snyder,  was 
born  in  Dryden,  March  2,  1844.  He  had  a 
common  school  education,  and  is  a  self-edu- 
cated and  self-made  man.  His  first  business 
enterprise  was  started  in  Cortland,  New  York, 
anfl  was  a  meat  business,  which  he  conduct- 
ed until  his  father's  death.  In  1878  he  bought 
the  homestead  and  his  father's  estate,  which 
consisted  of  eighty-six  acres,  and  has  been  in 
the  family  since  iSoi.  He  is  a  man  of  influ- 
ence in  the  town  and  takes  an  active  interest 
in  school  matters.  He  is  a  man  highly  re- 
spected for  his  fine  character.  At  the  age  of 
twenty- four,  he  married  (first)  Ida,  born  De- 
cember 14,  1849,  died  April  21,  1885,  daughter 
of  \\'illiam  and  Priscilla  (Chadwick)  Nixon. 
In  1890  he  marrieil  (second)  Olive,  daughter 
of  Jacob  Seaman.  Children  by  first  wife:  i. 
Carrie  I\I.,  married  Lewis  Solomon  Crutts  (see 
Crutts  IV).  2.  Eva  AI.,  married  Leroy  Sny- 
der, of  Cortland,  New  York.  3.  Ina  P>.,  mar- 
ried Archibald  Davenport,  of  Ithaca,  New- 
York,  and  has  three  children :  Gwendolyn, 
Doris.  Kermit  E. 

The  name  of  Benson,  or  as  it  was 
BENSON  originally  spelled,  Bensingh,  is 
supposed  to  have  been  Swed- 
ish. The  first  family  of  the  name  in  America 
was  largely  identified  with  the  history  and 
landed  interests  of  the  town  of  Harlem,  now 
a  part  of  New  York  City. 

Dirck  Benson,  the  immigrant  ancestor,  came 
from  Groningen,  Holland,  and  had  lived  also  at 
Amsterdam,  where  he  married  Catalina,  daugh- 
ter of  Samson  Berck  and  Tryntie  van  Rech- 
teren.  He  came  to  tliis  country  about  1648, 
and  settled  first  in  New  Amsterdam.    Here  he 

bought  a  house  and  lot  near  the  fort,  August 
27,.  1649,  and  the  following  year,  one  on  Broad- 
wav.  On  June  29,  1654,  at  his  desire,  the 
director  and  council  allowed  him  "to  leave  this 
place  to  promote  his  own  affairs."  He  went 
to  F"ort  Orange,  where  he  built,  U])on  a  lot 
which  had  been  granted  him,  CJctober  23,  1653. 
He  was  a  carpenter  by  tra<le  and  proved  him- 
self a  worthy  and  industrious  citizen.  He 
worked  (in  the  new  church  built  in  1656,  and, 
in  1658,  loaned  the  deacons  one  hundred 
guilders.  He  died  February  12,  1659,  three 
years  later,  his  widow  marrying  Harman 
Tomasz  Hun.  Children:  Dirck,  born  1650; 
Samson,  mentioned  below;  Johannes,  1655; 
Catrina.  1657;  ]\Iaria,  1659. 

(II)  Samson,  son  of  Dirck  Benson,  was 
born  in  1652,  and  married  (first)  Tryntie  van 
Deusen,  sister  to  the  wife  of  John  van  Deu- 
scn,  who  was  the  mother  <>i  all  his  children 
but  line.  He  married  (second)  (irietie,  daugh- 
ter of  Abraham  Kermer,  and  widow  of  Cap- 
tain (acob  van  Tilburg.  Picnson  was  her  third 
husband  and  survived  her.  lie  was  a  potter 
by  trade  and  was  known  as  the  "pottebacker." 
His  pottery  has  not  been  located,  but  he  owned 
a  house  and  lot  on  Smith,  now  William  street, 
below  Maiden  Lane.  He  died  June  2,  1730. 
Children:  Catalina,  born  1675,  died  1706; 
Derick,  1677 ;  Teuwes  or  Matthew,  mentioned 
below:  Harman,  1681  ;  Samson,  1684;  Robert, 
1686:  William,  1687;  Elizabeth,  1689;  Johan- 
nes, 1692:  Helena,  1694;  Maria,  1696;  Hen- 
ricus,  1698.  Child  of  second  wife:  Catalina, 
1 707. 

(  HI )  Matthew,  son  of  Samson  (i  )  Benson, 
was  born  in  1679,  and  died  in  1721.  He  mar- 
ried, 1706,  Catrina,  daughter  of  Jonathan  Pro- 
vost. He  was  a  mason  by  trade.  Children : 
Samson,  mentioned  below :  Catharine,  born 
i7ifS;  Catalina,  1719. 

(I\')  Samson  (2),  son  of  Matthew  Ben- 
son, was  born  1713,  and  married,  1735,  Jan- 
netie  Arment.  Children:  Matthew,  born  1741 ; 
lonathan,  mentioned  below  ;  Lucas,  1746  ;  Cor- 
nelius, 1748. 

{  \' )  Jonathan,  son  of  Samson  (2)  Benson, 
was  born  in  1744,  and  appears  to  have  been 
the  Jonathan  who  settled  in  Montgomery  coun- 
ty. According  to  the  census  of  1790  he  had 
two  sons  under  sixteen  and  seven  females  in 
his  family. 

( \T )  Zacheus,  son  of  Jonathan  Benson,  it 
is  believed,  settled  in  Oneida  county.  New 
York.     He  was  a  soldier  in  the  war  of  1812. 



His  wife  Polly  died  in  1817.  They  had  sons: 
Francis,  mentioned  below,  and  Gideon,  and 
perhaps  other  children. 

(VII)  Francis,  son  of  Zacheus  Benson,  was 
born  in  Oneida  county,  New  York,  in  1806, 
and  died  in  1887,  at  the  age  of  eighty-one 
years.  He  followed  farming  all  his  active  life, 
mostly  in  Rroome  county,  New  York.  He 
married  Sally  M.  Lovejoy  and  they  had  one 
son,  James  Herbert,  mentioned  below. 

(VTII)  Dr.  James  Herbert  Benson,  son  of 
Francis  Benson,  was  born  in  Broome  county. 
New  York,  May  16,  1848.  In  his  youth  he 
worked  on  his  father's  farm  and  attended  the 
district  school.  He  received  his  medical  edu- 
cation in  the  eclectic  colleges  of  New  York 
and  Chicago,  and  began  to  practice  in  Otsego 
county,  New  York.  After  fifteen  years  there 
he  came  to  Delaware  county,  where  he  prac- 
ticed two  years,  and  then  went  to  Illinois, 
where  he  practiced  for  the  next  seven  years. 
Returning  to  his  native  state  in  1901,  he  locat- 
ed at  Cortland,  New  York,  where  he  has  since 
practiced.  Dr.  Benson  is  a  member  of  Orient 
Lodge  of  Free  Masons,  of  Delaware  county. 

He  married,  in  1870,  Delia  A.  Heath,  of 
Windsor,  Broome  county.  New  York,  daugh- 
ter of  Sylvester  Heath.  Children:  i.  Lila  J., 
married  Edward  J.  Dickson,  of  Delaware 
county,  New  York,  private  secretary  of  Dr. 
Cameron  in  the  agricultural  department,  Wash- 
ington, D.  C.  2.  Orton,  born  January  15,  1872, 
a  tobacco  dealer  at  Springfield,  Massachusetts  ; 
married  Lena  Irish,  of  Otsego  county.  New 
York,  and  had  Clarence  and  Woodruff.  3. 
Bessie  E.,  married  John  Tyler  Betts,  a  marble 
and  granite  dealer,  at  Cortland,  New  York. 

The  origin  of  this  name  is 
ECiGLESTON  remote  and  some  clue  to 
its  beginning  may  be  found 
in  the  spelling  Eaglestonc,  as  sometimes  found 
in  early  records.  It  also  appears  as  Eglestone, 
Egleston,  and  in  various  other  forms.  Previ- 
ous to  the  revolution  in  the  New  England  rec- 
ords it  appears  Egleston,  and  after  the  revolu- 
tion the  second  "g"  is  added.  It  has  been 
long  cons].)icui)us  in  the  j)rofessions  in  New 
England  and  New  York,  as  well  as  many 
other  states,  and  has  contributed  many  worthy 
citizens  in  all  sections  of  the  country. 

The  immigrant  ancestor  of  those  bearing  the 
name  in  this  country  was  born  about  1590,  in 
England,  and  came  to  Dorchester,  Massachu- 
setts, in  the  ship  "Mary  and  John,"  in   iTi^o. 

His  name  appears  with  a  great  variety  of  spell- 
ings, such  as  Begat,  Bagget,  Beget  and  Bigod. 
The  form  usually  accepted  is  the  first  above 
given.  He  was  made  a  freeman  at  Dorchester 
in  1631,  and  was  one  of  the  original  members 
of  Mr.  Warham's  church,  which  removed  from 
Dorchester  to  Windsor,  Connecticut,  in  1635. 
He  died  there  September  i,  1674,  "ner  100  yer 
ould."  It  is  evident  that  the  recorder  of  his 
death  had  no  definite  means  of  ascertaining 
the  age.  In  court  at  Hartford,  in  1645,  Begat 
Egleston  testified  that  he  was  fifty-five  years 
of  age.  His  first  wife,  Mary,  died  December 
8,  1C157.  and  he  married  (second)  Alary  Tal- 
cott,  of  Hartford,  who  survived  him.  She 
contributed  four  shillings  in  cloth  for  the  re- 
lief of  the  poor  in  other  colonies  in  1676.  Chil- 
dren, all  born  of  the  first  wife:  James  and 
Samuel  (twins),  born  in  England;  Thomas, 
Mary,  Sarah,  Rebecca,  Abigail,  Joseph  and 

(II)  James,  son  of  Begat  and  Mary  Egles- 
ton, was  born  in  England,  about  1620,  was  a 
freeman  at  Windsor,  in  1637,  and  died  Decem- 
ber I,  1679,  in  that  town.  He  was  a  soldier 
and  participated  in  the  Pequot  fight  for  which 
he  received  a  grant  of  fifty  acres  of  land  in 
1671.  About  1648  he  acquired  by  purchase  his 
first  ]Mece  of  land  in  Windsor,  formerly  the 
property  of  Samuel  .\llen,  being  the  first  south 
of  Broad  street,  and  the  road  running  east  of 
it.  In  1676  he  contributed  one  shilling  one 
pence  for  the  relief  of  the  poor  in  other 

His  death  occurred  at  the  early  age  of  fifty- 
nine  years,  after  a  very  short  illness,  and  he 
made  no  will.  His  children  at  that  time  were  all 
minors.  He  left  considerable  land  which  was 
divided  among  his  sons  by  mutual  agreement, 
August  28,  1701.  He  married  Esther,  or  Hes- 
ter, sister  of  Roger  Williams,  of  Windsor,  who 
was  early  at  Dorchester  and  returned  to  that 
town  in  1647,  or  earlier.  She  was  said  to 
have  been  the  first  white  female  child  born  in 
Hartford.  She  died  July  10,  1720.  Children: 
James,  John  :  Thomas,  mentioned  below  ;  Hes- 
ter, Nath.'uiiel,  Isaac,  .Abigail,  Deborah  and 

(III)  Thumas,  third  son  of  James  and  Hes- 
ter (Williams)  I'lgleston,  was  born  July  27, 
t66i,  in  Windsor,  where  he  died  April  6,  1732. 
He  was  a  farmer  in  that  town,  probably  on  the 
lot  north  of  St.  Cabriel's  Church,  and  his  estate 
was  valued  at  three  hundred  and  eighty-seven 
jiounds  nine  '>hillings  four  pence.     He  married 



'Grace  Hoskins,  born  July  28,  1666,  in  Wind- 
sor, died  March  27,  1739,  daughter  of  Anthony 
and  Isabel  (Brown)  Hoskins,  of  Windsor, 
granddaughter  of  John  Hoskins,  who  came  to 
Dorchester  from  England  in  1630.  Children: 
Thomas,  Grace.  Mary,  Hannah :  Jedediah, 
mentioned  below ;  Isabel ;  Deborah,  Mary, 
Mindwell,  Joseph,  Ephraim  and  Hester. 

(I\')  Jedediah,  second  son  of  Thomas  and 
Grace  (Hoskins)  Egleston,  was  born  June  11. 
1696,  in  Windsor,  where  he  was  a  farmer,  and 
died  July  15,  1766.  The  inventory  of  his  estate 
was  made  January  6,  1767,  and  it  was  admin- 
istered by  his  son  Thomas.  He  married  Sarah 
Moore,  born  September  12,  1704,  daughter  of 
John  (3)  and  Abigail  (Strong)  Aloore,  grand- 
daughter of  John  (2),  who  was  a  son  of  Dea- 
con John  ( I )  Moore,  the  last  named  a  son  of 
Thomas  Moore,  of  Dorchester,  Massachusetts. 
Children:  Sarah,  Lydia,  Grace  (died  young), 
Isabel,  Jedediah,  Thomas  (died  young),  Lois, 
Grace.  Thomas  and  Elijah. 

(  Y )  Thomas  ( 2 )  Egleston.  third  son  of 
Jedediah  and  Sarah  ( Aloore )  Egleston,  was 
born  September  26,  174(1,  in  Windsor,  and  was 
a  noted  fisherman.  \Yith  his  sons  he  owned 
the  best  fishing  place  on  the  Connecticut  river, 
north  of  Middletown.  This  was  situated  on 
the  Deerfield  lot,  four  miles  north  of  the  state 
house,  and  is  still  known  as  "Thomas  Egles- 
ton's  Fishing  Place."  In  1859  this  was  owned 
by  the  heirs  of  Timothy  Mills.  Opposite,  on 
the  west  side  of  the  street,  stands  a  brick  build- 
ing, erected  in  1760,  the  bricks  said  to  have 
been  made  by  Thomas  Egleston.  He  was  a 
revolutionary  soldier,  enlisting  June  24,  1776. 
in  Captain  Job  Couch's  company.  Colonel  Philip 
Burr  Bradley's  regiment.  This  body  was  sta- 
tioned during  the  summer  and  early  fall,  of 
that  year,  at  Bergen  Heights  and  Paulus  Hook, 
now  Jersey  City.  In  November  it  was  trans- 
ferred across  the  river  to  the  defence  of  Fort 
Washington,  where,  with  hundreds  of  others. 
Thomas  Egleston  was  captured  by  the  British 
forces,  November  16.  of  that  year.  He  mar- 
ried (first),  February  13,  1766,  Rebecca,  daugh- 
ter of  Samuel  and  Rebecca  Drake,  born  Janu- 
ary 24,  baptized  February  2,  1745,  and  died 
1775.  He  married  (second).  February  26, 
1778,  Ann  Clark.  Children,  born  of  the  first 
wife,  and  baptized  at  Windsor  :  Sarah.  Rebecca, 
Jedediah.  Elijah.  Francis.  EHhu,  Joseph  (men- 
tioned below),  Henry,  George  and  Ann. 

( VI)   Joseph  Eggleston.  fifth  son  of  Thomas 
(2)  and  Rebecca  VOrake)   Egleston,  was  bap- 

tized August  I  1.  1782,  at  the  W  intlsor  church, 
and  removed  to  Sherburne,  Chenango  county. 
New  York,  about  1808.  Some  fourteen 
vears  later,  he  settled  in  the  town  nf  Cnrt- 
iandville,  Cortland  county.  New  York,  where 
he  was  a  farmer,  and  died.  He  married. 
October  14.  1802,  Harriet  Goodrich,  of  Cole- 
brook.  Connecticut,  who  died  in  Cortland- 
ville,  1850.  Children:  1.  Joseph  Francis,  bap- 
tized at  Windsor,  July  3.  1803.  2.  Ann.  died 
voung.  3.  Fanny,  baptized  July  5,  1807,  in 
Windsor;  died  in  i8fi2,  in  Cortland.  4.  Hiram, 
resided  in  Alden.  New  York,  where  he  died 
childless.  5.  Asahel  G.,  mentioned  below.  6. 
George.  7.  Julia,  married  Cortland  Corwin, 
of  Cortland,  and  had  two  daughters.  8.  Emily, 
died  young.  9.  Delia,  married  George  Ban- 
croft, resided  in  Whitewater.  Wisconsin,  and 
had  three  children. 

(VII)  Asahel  G..  third  son  of  Joseph  and 
Harriet  (Goodrich)  Eggleston.  was  born  in 
1810,  in  Sherburne;  died  June  23,  1897.  He 
was  about  twelve  years  of  age  when  his  par- 
ents removed  to  Cortlandville.  He  always  fol- 
lowed farming  in  Cortland  county.  New  York ; 
he  had  a  large  farm,  and  was  active  up  to  the 
time  of  his  death.  He  held  various  town  and 
village  offices.  He  was  a  Presbyterian.  He 
married,  July  7.  1842,  Louise  Kenney,  born  in 
Hartford,  Connecticut,  in  1814,  died  July  i, 
1897.  daughter  of  Jabez  Kenney.  Children: 
Antoinette,  deceased ;  Josei)h  Emmett.  men- 
tioned below. 

(\TII)  Joseph  Emmett.  only  son  of  Asahel 
G.  and  Louise  (Kenney)  Eggleston.  was  born 
in  Cortland.  New  York,  November  I.  1847. 
He  received  his  education  in  the  academy  and 
State  Normal  School,  of  Cortland,  New  York ; 
studied  law  in  the  office  of  Waters  &  Waters, 
in  Cortland ;  admitted  to  New  York  state  bar 
in  1875.  and  to  United  States  courts  in  1881. 
He  practiced  law  for  a  time  in  company  with 
Mr.  Waters,  under  firm  name  of  Waters  & 
Eggleston,  and  later  was  alone  in  practice.  In 
1889  he  was  elected  county  judge  and  surro- 
gate of  Cortland  county.  New  York,  which 
office  he  has  held  ever  since.  He  is  a  director 
in  the  Second  National  Bank,  of  Cortland,  and 
trustee  of  the  State  Firemen's  Home  Associa- 
tion. He  is  a  member  of  Cortlandville  Lodge. 
Free  and  Accepted  Masons. 

He  married,  September  2,  1874.  Alta  B.. 
daughter  of  Rensselaer  R.  and  Olive  Moore, 
of  Cincinnatus.  New  York.  They  have  one 
daughter,  Aria,  a  graduate  of  the  State  Normal 



School,  at  Cortland,  also  of  the  National  Park 
Seminary,  Washington,  D.  C,  and  she  took  a 
course  at  the  Currie  Oratory  School,  of  Bos- 
ton, Massachusetts,  and  is  now  a  teacher. 

Dr.  Johannes   Mounies  de 

MONTANYE  la  Montanye  was  born  in 
OR  Saintonge,  France,  i  S95.  He 

MANTANYE  married  Rachel  Deforest, 
sister  of  Jesse  De  Forest, 
at  Leyden,  December  12,  1626.  He  came  to 
Harlem  in  1637,  took  up  Montanye  Flats,  was 
secretary  of  the  Flarlem  Colony,  and  later  was 
in  command  at  Fort  Orange  (now  Albany), 
as  vice-director,  until  i(/')4,  when  possession 
was  taken  by  the  British.  He  died  in  Holland, 
in  1670,  having  gone  there  with  Governor  Stuy- 
vesant,  after  the  British  occupation  of  New 

(H)  Jan  (or  John),  son  of  Dr.  Johannes 
Mounies  de  la  Montanye,  came  to  Harlem  soon 
after  his  father,  and  entered  business  with  \'in- 
cent  Pikes.  He  returned  to  Holland  and  mar- 
ried Peternella  Pikes  there,  about  1654.  Re- 
turned to  New  York  in  1655,  ^^d  soon  after 
settled  in  Harlem  and  took  up  Montanye  Point ; 
was  secretary  and  teacher  at  Harlem  until  his 
death,  in  1672.  His  first  wife  died  and  he 
married  (second)  Maria  Vermilye,  June  10, 

(IH)  \'incent,  son  of  Jan  or  John  Mon- 
tanye, was  born  in  Harlem,  New  York,  1657. 
He  married,  March  5,  1684,  Adriana,  daughter 
of  Jan  Thomas  Aken.  He  was  living  in  1713, 
but  died  soon  after. 

(IV)  Thomas,  son  of  Vincent  Montanye, 
born  1691,  was  shopkeeper  in  New  York;  lived 
and  died  in  Prince  street.  New  York ;  his  death 
occurring  October  12,  1761.  He  married,  No- 
vember 25.  1718,  Rebecca  Bruyn  ;  she  survived 
him;  they  had  fifteen  children. 

(V)  John  T.,  son  of  Tliomas  Montanye, 
was  born  1743 :  lived  in  New  York  on  the 
breaking  out  of  the  war  of  the  revolution.  He 
married  Mary  Blain. 

(VI)  Peter,  son  of  John  T.  Montanye,  later 
called  also  Mintonye,  born  in  New  York,  in 
1775,  with  brothers,  Isaac  and  Jacob,  came  to 
Western  New  York.  Peter  settled  in  Dryden, 
but  later  in  Sempronius,  New  York,  and  died 
there,  in  1856.    He  married . 

(VII)  William,  youngest  son  of  Peter  Mon- 
tanye, was  born  in  Dryden,  New  York,  May 
24,  1808;  died  in  Florida,  in  1880.  His  edu- 
cation  was   received   in   common   schools ;   he 

learned  the  carriage  maker's  trade  in  Dryden, 
New  York,  and  carried  on  wagon  making,  and 
later  was  a  merchant  in  Freetown.  New  York, 
up  to  1865,  when  he  removed  to  Cortland,  New 
York.  He  was  supervisor  at  Freetown  during 
the  war,  and  for  some  years  previous  was  a 
member  of  county  board  of  supervisors.  Dur- 
ing the  war  he  was  active  in  enlisting  men  for 
the  service  and  keeping  up  supplies  for  them. 
He  married  Betsey  Fuller,  daughter  of  Eleazer 
haulier,  of  Freetown,  a  descendant  of  the  Fullers 
who  came  to  Plymouth  in  the  "Mayflower." 
Here  the  name  began  to  be  "Mantanye."  Chil- 
dren :  I.  Cornelia,  married  J.  H.  Delavan,  she 
died  .August,  1907.  2.  William  Jameson,  see 
forward.  3.  .Austin  F.,  living  at  present  time. 
(VIII)  William  Jameson,  son  of  \\'illiam 
Mantanye,  was  born  at  Freetown.  Cortland 
county.  New  York,  October  17,  1843.  He 
remained  at  Freetown  until  the  civil  war.  He 
attended  the  district  school,  and  after  he  was 
twelve  years  old  worked  on  a  farm  every 
summer.  As  a  student  he  was  cjuick  to  learn, 
and  he  was  a  great  reader.  In  the  fall  of  1859, 
and  again  in  i860,  he  attended  the  Homer 
Academy,  then  one  of  the  most  famous  schools 
in  the  state.  In  the  winter  of  1860-61  he 
taught  school  in  the  lumbering  district,  on  the 
north  fork  of  the  Cowanesque,  near  Westfield, 
Tioga  county,  Pennsylvania,  where  a  brother 
uf  his  father  resided,  returning  to  farm  work 
in  the  spring,  intending  to  resume  study  at 
Homer  the  following  autumn.  Rut  the  civil 
war  broke  out  that  spring,  and,  after  the  dis- 
aster at  Bull  Run  and  on  the  call  for  three 
years  troops,  he  enlisted  in  Company  D,  Sev- 
enty-sixth New  York  Infantry,  at  the  age  of 
seventeen,  and  served  through  the  war  at  the 
front  in  the  .Army  of  the  Potomac.  He  was 
wounded  at  second  Bull  Run,  .August  29,  1862. 
but  not  seriously,  and  returned  to  his  regiment 
next  day.  .At  Gettysburg  he  was  taken  pris- 
oner, July  I,  1863,  and  paroled  on  the  field  July 
4,  but  as  the  government  held  the  parole  to  be 
illegal  he  soon  after  returned  to  his  company 
without  exchange.  In  the  fall  of  1863  he  was 
called  to  Washington  to  take  a  commission  in 
the  First  Regiment  of  the  Cnitcd  States  Color- 
ed Troops,  then  being  organized,  but  conclud- 
ing he  was  not  suited  for  the  position,  being 
then  only  nineteen  years  of  age.  he  declined  it 
and  returned  to  his  company.  In  January,  1864, 
he  reenlisted  as  a  veteran  volunteer  in  his  old 
company,  and,  in  October,  1864,  on  the  expira- 
tion of  the  term  of  the  regiment,  he  was  trans- 



ferred  to  the  One  Hundred  and  Forty-seventh 
New  York,  thence  to  the  Ninety-first  New 
York,  from  which  he  was  discharged,  July  3, 
1865,  by  reason  of  the  close  of  the  war.  Thus 
he  served  nearly  four  years,  first  in  the  I-'irst 
Army  Corps,  under  Reynolds  and  I^oubleday, 
until  that  corps  was  destroyed  at  Gettysburg, 
where  the  Seventy-si.xth  New  York,  leading 
the  Corps,  opened  the  battle  with  tlie  I^'irst 
Infantry  fire.  After  that  he  served  in  the  Fifth 
Corps,  of  which  the  remnant  of  the  old  First 
Corps  formed  the  Third  Division,  and  he  was 
present  at  the  surrender  of  Lee,  .\pril  9,  1865. 
During  his  army  service,  and  particularly  while 
in  winter  quarters,  Mr.  Mantanye  continued 
his  study  and  reading,  and  he  also  kept  a  diary 
which  has  since  been  used  by  writers  on  army 
life.  On  his  return  from  the  army,  in  1865. 
Mr.  Mantanye  came  to  Cortland,  his  father 
having  that  year  removed  to  Cortland.  He 
entered  on  the  study  of  law  with  Hon.  Arthur 
Holmes,  then  one  of  the  leading  lawyers  of 
the  county.  In  May,  1867,  he  was  admitted  to 
the  bar  at  Binghamton,  and  soon  after  com- 
menced the  practice  of  law.  which  he  has  ever 
since  continued.  Before  his  admission  he  had 
committed  the  code  of  procedure  to  memory, 
and  he  has  always  been  an  authority  on  prac- 
tice, frequently  consulted  by  other  lawyers.  In 
May,  1869,  he  removed  to  Marathon  and  open- 
ed an  office,  continuing  practice  there  until 
1888,  when  he  removed  to  Cortland,  which  has 
since  been  his  residence. 

Mr.  Mantanye  has  been  a  prominent  Repub- 
lican all  his  life,  casting  his  first  vote  for  Lin- 
coln, in  1864,  at  the  age  of  twenty-one,  send- 
ing it  from  the  front.  He  supported  Horace 
Greeley,  in  1872,  as  a  Republican  and  one  of 
the  founders  of  the  party,  still  holding  to  that 
party,  and  refusing  to  pass  over  to  the  opposite 
side,  as  so  many  did.  His  father  was  of  the 
"Free  Soil"  party  that  supported  Birney,  in 
1848,  and  John  P.  Hale,  in  1852,  and  which,  by 
the  accession  of  W'higs  in  1854-55,  became  the 
Republican  party.  In  the  first  Republican  cam- 
paign, in  1856,  though  only  thirteen  years  of 
age,  he  was  a  leader  in  a  band  of  boys  at  Free- 
town, organized  into  a  "Fremont  and  Dayton" 
marching  club,  having  a  liberty  pole  and  flag 
of  its  own  in  front  of  his  father's  wagon  works. 
The  flag  is  still  retained  as  an  interesting  relic. 
After  the  war  he  was  active  in  the  party,  fre- 
quently a  delegate  to  state  conventions,  and  a 
member  of  the  Republican  county  committee. 

and  a  popular  leader.  In  1882-83  he  was  a 
member  of  the  Republican  state  committee 
from  the  Onondaga,  Cortland  district,  and  of 
the  executive  committee  of  the  state  organiza- 
tion. He  was  never  a  seeker  for  office  for 
himself,  and  never  was  a  candidate  until  1893, 
when,  without  any  previous  canvass,  he  was 
nominated  as  a  delegate  to  the  constitutional 
convention  of  1894,  from  the  twenty-fifth  sen- 
ate district,  then  composed  of  Cortland,  Broome, 
Tioga,  Chenango  and  Delaware  counties,  and 
was  elected.  In  that  convention  he  was  promi- 
nent as  a  speaker  and  worker,  and  was  a  mem- 
ber of  the  important  committee  on  powers  and 
duties  of  the  legislature,  and  on  county  and 
town  officers.  He  introduced  some  amend- 
ments which  were  adopted  and  two  that  were 
not  finally  adopted,  but  eventually  will  be  a 
part  of  the  organic  law.  One  of  these  was  to 
make  the  term  of  office  of  governor  and  lieu- 
tenant-governor four  years,  and  make  them 
ineligible  to  election  for  the  next  succee<ling 
term.  This  was  at  first  agreed  to  in  committee, 
but  later  on  was  defeated.  The  other  was  a 
provision  for  biennial  sessions  of  the  legis- 
lature— No.  83  on  the  file.  It  was  at  first 
adopted  by  the  committee,  as  appears  by  con- 
vention document  No.  22,  but  later  a  rally  of 
the  politicians  caused  its  defeat.  In  1897  it 
was,  on  the  suggestion  of  Governor  Black,  in- 
troduced in  the  legislature  and  passed,  but 
failed  in  the  legislature  of  i8g8.  Fie  also  advo- 
cated the  amendment  as  to  employment  of 
convicts  in  penal  institutions,  forbi<lding  their 
labor  being  sold  out  to  contractors,  and  it  was 
adopted.  In  June,  1895,  ^^^'-  Mantanye  was 
appointed,  by  Governor  Morton,  as  a  member 
of  the  state  commission  of  prisons,  created  by 
the  constitution  of  1894.  with  jurisdiction  over 
all  penal  institutions,  and  having  the  duty  of 
reporting  a  svstem  for  the  employment  of  con- 
victs under  the  revised  constitution.  Mr.  Man- 
tanye was  at  once  elected  vice-president  of  the 
commission,  and  reelectefl  in  1896.  As  he  was 
the  only  member  who  had  given  the  subject 
previous  study  he  was  made  chairman  of  the 
committee  on  annual  report  to  formulate  the 
new  system.  This  he  did  in  such  a  careful  and 
reasonable  way  that  the  report  was  adopted  by 
the  commission  and  handed  to  the  legislature 
of  1896.  He  was  tiien  put  upon  the  committee 
on  legislation,  and  had  charge  of  the  drafting' 
and  introduction  of  the  proposed  laws  in  ac- 
cordance with  the  report.     These  laws  chang- 



ing  the  prison  labor  system,  with  some  amend- 
ments to  the  county  law  and  penal  code,  were 
explained  to  the  legislature  by  Mr.  Mantanye 
and  were  enacted.  By  these  laws  the  taking  of 
convicts  from  without  the  state  by  peniten- 
tiaries to  board  was  ended  and  the  different 
institutions  were  relegated  to  their  original  pur- 
poses by  requiring  felons  to  be  sent  to  the 
reformatory  and  state  prisons,  and  misdemean- 
ants to  the  jails,  penitentiaries  and  houses  of 
refuge.  The  labor  of  convicts  is  also  to  be 
utilized  in  producing  supplies  for  the  public 
institutions,  so  that  the  state  has  the  full  value 
of  the  labor  in  reduction  of  taxation,  instead 
of  selling  it  out  to  syndicates  for  small  prices 
and  thus  enabling  them  to  carry  on  a  ruinous 
competition  with  industries  of  free  labor.  The 
system  has  proved  successful,  and  is  being 
adopted  in  other  states.  Great  improvement 
was  made  in  jails,  penitentiaries  and  other 
prisons.  The  prisoners  were  classified  and 
graded  as  required  by  the  law  of  i88g,  with  a 
view  of  introilucing  the  reformatory  system  in 
the  state  prisons,  which  makes  good  citizens  of 
law  breakers,  instead  of  putting  them  into  a 
permanent  criminal  class,  as  under  the  old  sys- 
tem. Mr.  Mantanye  continued  as  chairman  of 
the  committee  on  annual  report  of  the  com- 
mission, and  drew  the  report  for  189S,  pre- 
sented to  the  legislature  of  1899.  It  was  an 
interesting  document,  giving  a  retrospect  of 
the  conditions  existing  when  the  commission 
was  appointed  and  of  the  many  improvements 
and  economies  since  inaugurated  and  carried 
on  at  the  instance  of  the  commission.  To  Mr. 
Mantanye.  more  than  to  any  other  one  person,  is 
owing  the  great  reforms  put  in  successful  oper- 
ation in  the  prison  system  of  the  state,  and 
which  are  being  copied  in  other  states  and 
countries.  Yet  he  is  modest  and  unassuming, 
claiming  no  special  credit  or  honor  for  himself, 
but  giving  it  all  to  the  commission. 

Since  1901.  when  he  retired  from  the  com- 
mission of  prisons,  he  has  devoted  his  time  to 
his  law  practice,  which  is  large,  particularly  in 
caring  for  and  settling  estates.  While  often 
consulted  in  jiarty  matters  and  having  large 
influence  he  has  retired  from  more  active  polit- 
ical work,  feeling  that  forty  years  of  activity 
has  earned  for  liim  a  rest.  Mr.  Mantanye  is  a 
member  of  the  Tioughnioga  Club;  secretary  of 
the  Association  of  the  Seventy-sixth  Regiment. 
New  York  Volunteers,  and  was  the  first  colonel 
of  the  Cortland  Encampment  of  the  ITnion 
\'ctcran  Legion,  of  which  he  is  still  a  member, 

and  a  member  of  the  Grand  Army  of  the  Re- 
public, Grover  Post,  No.  98,  Cortland,  New 

Thomas    Sherwood,    immi- 

SHERWOOD  grant  ancestor,  was  born 
in  Ipswich,  Suffolk  county, 
England,  in  1593;  died  in  October,  1655,  at 
Fairfield,  Connecticut.  He  came  to  Boston  in 
the  ship  "Frances,"  in  1634,  giving  his  age  as 
forty-eight,  and  accompanied  by  his  wife  Alice, 
aged  forty-seven,  and  children  :  Ann,  aged  four- 
teen ;  Rose,  aged  eleven ;  Thomas,  ten ;  Re- 
becca, nine.  They  resided  for  several  years  in 
Massachusetts,  but  settled  in  Fairfield  as  early 
as  1645,  and  owneil  land  there  before  1650. 
In  his  will,  dated  July  21,  1655,  he  mentions 
all  his  children.  He  married  (first)  Alice  Sea- 
brook,  (second)  Mary  Fitch.  Children:  Ann, 
born  1620;  Rose,  1623;  Thomas,  1624;  Re- 
becca, 1625  ;  Stephen  ;  Matthew,  1633  ;  Tam- 
sen :  Margery;  Ruth;  Abigail;  Mary;  Isaac. 

(II)  Thomas  (2),  son  of  Thomas  (i)  Sher- 
wood, was  born  in  England,  in  1623-24.  and 
came  with  his  parents  in  1634.  He  went  from 
Boston  to  ^\'ethersfield,  and  thence  to  Fair- 
field, where  he  settled.  He  was  admitted  a 
freeman,  at  Hartford,  October  13,  1664.  He 
was  the  first  miller  on  Mill  Run,  Fairfield.  He 
married  (first)  Sarah  Wheeler,  who  died  be- 
fore August  21,  1669,  daughter  of  Thomas 
and  Ann  Wheeler.  He  married  (second)  Ann, 
daughter  of  Benjamin  and  Mary  Turney.  He 
married  (third)  Elizabeth,  widow  of  John 
Cable  Jr.  He  married  (fourth)  Sarah  Coley, 
widow  of  Peter  Coley,  and  daughter  of  Humph- 
rey Hyde.  Children  of  first  wife;  Thomas, 
born  1654,  of  Eastchester,  New  York;  Sarah, 
married  John  Whitlock.  Children  of  second 
wife:  Mary,  married  David  Whitlock;  Benja- 
min; Samuel:  Ruth;  Hannah;  Abigail.  Chil- 
dren of  third  wife:  Isaac,  mentioned  below; 
Phebe,  married  Samuel  Bradley. 

(HI)  Isaac,  son  of  Thomas  (2)  Sherwood, 
was  born  in  Fairfield,  died  in  1748.  He  settled 
in  Norwalk,  Connecticut,  as  early  as  1690.  He 
married  Mary  .  Children:  Isaac,  men- 
tioned below  ;  Rebecca,  Elizabeth  and  John. 

(IV)  Isaac  (2),  son  of  Isaac  (t )  Sherwood, 
was  born  about  1720,  or  earlier,  in  Norwalk. 
He  married  Alary  Hayes.  1  lis  three  sons.  Jon- 
athan, Isaac  and  Samuel,  settled  in  Williams- 
town,  Massachusetts.  Some  of  the  sons  of 
Samuel  and  Isaac  were  soldiers  in  the  revolu- 
tion,     lonathan   Jr.,   evidently  called   thus  to 



distinguish  him  from  his  uncle  Jonathan,  men- 
tioned below,  died  at  Williamstown,  August  7, 
1825,  in  his  sixty-ninth  year,  and  his  wife 
Martha  died  there,  September  24,  1824,  in  her 
sixty-second  year  ;  their  gravestones  are  stand- 
ing; also  the  gravestone  of  their  daughter 
Anne,  who  died  October  19,  1813,  in  her  twen- 
ty-seventh year.  Stephen.  Timothy  and  Sam- 
uel were  soldiers  in  the  revolution  from 
Williamstown,  grandsons  of  Isaac  and  Mary 
(Hayes)  Sherwood.  Another  grandson,  James, 
married,  June  i,  1789,  at  Williamstown,  Hul- 
dah  Stratton,  and  the  marriages  of  four  grand- 
daughters are  recorded :  Mary  3d,  married,  at 
Williamstown,  February  25,  1785,  John  Mc- 
Nichols;  Polly,  married,  March  22,  1789.  Iz- 
bund  Gregory ;  Betty  Sherwood,  married,  De- 
cember 14,  1786,  Thomas  Fowler  ;  Rhoda  Sher- 
wood, married,  November  22,  1787,  at  Pownal, 
\'ermont.  Stephen  Pratt.  In  1790,  according 
to  the  first  federal  census,  the  following  sons 
and  grandsons  were  of  Williamstown :  James 
Sherwood,  with  two  males  over  sixteen,  one 
male  under  sixteen  and  three  females ;  Jona- 
than, two  males  over  sixteen,  two  under,  two 
females :  Jonathan  Jr.,  one  over  sixteen,  one 
under  and  three  females  ;  Stephen,  two  males 
over  sixteen  and  seven  females ;  Samuel,  one 
over  sixteen,  one  under  and  two  females.  Tim- 
othy, of  the  adjoining  town  of  West  Stock- 
bridge,  and  Benjamin,  of  New  Ashford,  also 
having  families  at  the  time  of  the  census,  were 
doubtless  of  this  family.  Children:  Isaac,  born 
1742,  died  at  Williamstown,  August  19,  1814, 
wife  Mary  died  October  2,  1808,  aged  seventy- 
one:  Jonathan,  mentioned  below  ;  Samuel,  died 
at  \\'illiamstown,  April  12,  1801,  aged  sixty- 
two.     Probably  others. 

(V)  Jonathan,  son  of  Isaac  (2)  Sherwood, 
was  born  in  Fairfield,  Connecticut,  in  June, 
1746.  He  settled  before  the  revolution  at 
Williamstown,  Massachusetts.  Jonathan  was 
a  soldier  in  the  revolution,  a  private  in  Cap- 
tain Samuel  Clark's  company,  Colcjnel  Benja- 
min Simond's  regiment,  of  Berkshire  county, 
and  tooiv  part  in  the  battle  near  Bennington, 
Vermont,  Au?ust  16,  1777,  and  was  engaged  in 
conveying  prisoners  to  Pittsfield,  Massachu- 
setts. He  was  corporal  of  the  same  company 
and  regiment,  September  7  to  30,  marching  to 
Pawlet,  Vermont,  by  order  of  Major-General 
Lincohi.  He  removed  from  \Mlliamstown,  in 
1798,  to  Fairfield.  Herkimer  county.  New 
York.  He  married  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Jacob 
and  Sally  (Bradley)  Leach.     Her  father  was 

descended  from  Lawrence  Leach,  born  1589,. 
surgeon  to  Edward  III.,  of  England.  Jona- 
than Sherwood  died  January  17,  1799. 

(\T)  Henry,  son  of  Jonathan  Sherwood, 
was  born  in  Williamstown,  May  16,  1777;  died 
July  8,  1831.  He  was  a  farmer  in  Fairfield, 
New  York.  He  married  Abigail  Evans.  Chil- 
dren, born  at  Fairfield,  New  York:  Henry  J., 
mentioned  below  ;  Gaylord  N.  and  Elizabeth. 

(\TI)  Henry  J.,  son  of  Henry  Sherwood, 
was  born  in  Fairfield,  New  York,  November 
II,  1817;  died  February  9,  1866,  in  Memphis, 
New  York.  He  was  a  general  merchant  at 
Memphis  and  Elbridge,  New  York.  He  mar- 
ried, August  10,  1 841,  Ann  Benham,  born  in 
Cohocton,  Steuben  county.  New  York,  July  6, 
1820,  died  August  14,  1883.  Children:  (iay- 
lord  :  Isabel ;  James  D.,  lives  in  Cortland,  mar- 
ried Anna  Rice,  and  has  a  daughter,  Sarah 
Emily :  Silas  William,  mentioned  below. 

(  VIII )  Silas  William,  son  of  Henry  J.  Sher- 
wood, was  born  in  ^lemjihis.  New  York,  Sep- 
tember 27,  1859.  He  received  a  common  school 
education,  and  was  for  a  time  in  the  wholesale 
boot  and  shoe  business  in  Syracuse,  New  York. 
He  came  to  Cortland,  New  York,  in  1878,  and 
engaged  in  the  retail  grocery  business,  in  part- 
nership with  his  brother  James  D.,  under  the 
firm  name  of  Sherwood  Brothers.  They  car- 
ried on  this  business  for  ten  years,  when  he 
retired  from'  the  firm  and  accepted  a  position 
in  the  business  office  of  H.  F.  Benton,  who 
conducted  a  lumber  business.  When  the  H.  F. 
Benton  Lumber  Company  was  incorporated, 
in  1899,  he  was  elected  treasurer  of  tlie  com- 
pany, and  has  held  that  office  since.  He  is 
active  in  public  aiTairs  in  Cortland,  and  is  presi- 
dent of  the  board  of  trade.  He  is  a  member  of 
the  Benevolent  and  Protective  Order  of  Elks. 
He  married,  August  22,  1883,  Jeannette  Cleve- 
land, daughter  of  Henry  F.  and  Caroline  Lu- 
cretia  (Putnam)  Benton  (see  Benton  VIII). 
Mr.  and  Mrs.  Sherwood  have  no  children. 

(The   Benton  Line). 

(I)  John  Benton  was  of  the  parish  of  Epp- 
ing,  county  Essex,  England,  and  was  married 
there.  May  25,  1618,  to  Mary  Southernwood. 
He  was  probably  the  son  of  Andrew  and  Maria 
Benton.  Children  :  Andrew,  baptized  October 
15,  1620,  mentioned  below:  Thomas,  baptized 
August  25,  1622;  Marie,  baptized  June  29, 
1625:  Elizabeth,  baptized  August  31,  1628," 
John,  baptized  March  10,  1639. 

(II)  Andrew   Benton,  immigrant  ancestor. 

I  lO 


was  the  son  of  John  Benton,  of  Epping,  coun- 
ty Essex,  England,  and  was  baptized  at  Epping, 
October  15,  1620.  In  tlie  apportionment  of 
land  at  Miiford,  Connecticut,  in  November, 
1639,  he  was  allotted  parcel  No.  64.  It  con- 
tained three  acres,  and  was  situated  on  the 
west  side  of  Half  Mile  Brook.  To  this  there 
was  afterwards  added  several  other  parcels  of 
land.  He  married  (first),  about  1649,  Han- 
nah, daughter  of  George  Stocking,  of  Hart- 
ford, a  first  settler  there,  in  1636.  They  united 
with  the  church  in  Miiford,  he  on  March  5, 
1648,  and  she  on  October  13,  1650,  and  were 
dismissed  to  Hartford,  March,  1666.  They 
had  removed  to  the  latter  town  as  early  as 
1662.  She  died  about  1672,  and  he  married 
(second),  probably  in  1673,  Anne,  daughter  of 
John  Cole,  "a  godly  man  of  some  public  trust." 
She  was  the  "bewitched  maid"  on  whose  ac- 
count, chiefly,  Nathaniel  Greensmith  and  his 
wife  were  hanged  for  witchcraft,  on  January 
-5-  1663.  Goffe,  the  regicide,  who  was  then 
in  hiding  at  Miiford,  writes  in  his  diary,  Feb- 
ruary 24,  that  after  the  hanging  "the  maid 
was  well,"  and  Cotton  Mather's  "Magnalia," 
in  1684,  says  of  her,  that  "she  is  restored  to 
health,  united  with  the  church,  and  living  in 
good  repute."    She  died  April  19,  1685. 

Andrew  Benton  held  various  public  offices 
in  Hartford;  fence  viewer  in  1663-64,  juror 
in  1664-67,  freeman  in  May,  1665,  antl  sup- 
pressor of  "disorders  during  public  worship" 
and  collector  of  minister's  rates  in  1667.  In 
February,  1670,  he  separated  to  the  Second 
Church,  with  his  wife,  daughter  Hannah,  and 
his  fathers-in-law.  Stocking  and  Cole.  He  died 
July  31,  1683,  and  was  buried  in  Center  Church 
cemetery,  where  his  gravestone  may  still  be 
seen.  Children,  all  e.xcept  the  youngest  born 
in  Milfortl:  John,  April  9,  1650,  died  May  24, 
1650;  Hannah,  baptized  November  23,  1651  ; 
Andrew,  baptized  August  12,  1653;  Mary, 
April  14,  1655;  John,  October  7,  1656:  Sam- 
uel, August  15,  1658;  Joseph,  1660;  Dorothy, 
probably  1662.  Children  of  second  wife,  burn 
in  Hartford:  Ebenezer.  baptized  January  4. 
1674;  Lydia,  baptized  February  13,  1676;  llan- 
nah,  baj)tized  January  26,  1679;  John,  baptized 
May  30,  1680,  died  young. 

(Ill)  Samuel,  son  (jf  .Andrew  Benton,  was 
born  August  15,  1658,  in  Miiford,  and  lived  in 
Miiford  and  Hartford,  and  for  a  time  in  Tol- 
land, Connecticut,  where  he  and  his  son  were 
first  proprietors  in  1716.  He  married,  prob- 
abh'  in   i(>y').  Sarali,  daughttr  of  William  ancl 

Sarah  Chatterton,  of  New  Haven,  born  there, 
July  19,  1661.  He  died  testate,  in  Hartford, 
April  10,  1746.  Children,  born  in  Flartford: 
Samuel,  August  8,  1680;  Sarah,  September  28, 
1685;  Hannah,  March  14,  1688:  Abigail,  De- 
cember 9,  1 691  :  Caleb,  March  i,  1694;  Daniel, 
June  25,  1696,  mentioned  below ;  Jacob,  Sep- 
tember 21,  1698  ;  Moses,  April  26,  1702  ;  Lydia, 
April  26,  1705.  His  son  Daniel's  name  appears 
in  a  petition  res]3ecting  lands  in  Coventry,  in 
1718.  Samuel  Benton,  then  living  in  Hart- 
ford, gave  a  deed  of  Tolland  lands,  in  1719,  to 
Daniel  Benton,  of  Hartford,  "his  living  son." 

( IV )  Daniel,  son  of  Samuel  I'lenton,  was 
born  June  25,  i6<)6,  lived  in  Hartford  and  Tol- 
land, died  in  Tolland.  He  united  with  the 
Second  Church,  September  21,  1718.  He  mar- 
ried, January  3,  1722,  Mary,  daughter  of  John 
Skinner,  of  Hartford.  Children,  born  in  Tol- 
land: Mary,  October  17,  1722,  died  March  16, 
1723;  Daniel,  January  6,  1724,  mentioned 
below;  William,  November  12,  1725;  Mary, 
April  9,  1727,  died  October  4,  1745;  Elijah, 
June  30,  1728;  Sarah,  May  8,  1730,  died  young  ; 
Hannah,  July  12,  1731,  died  young;  John,  June 
17,  1732,  died  young;  Siloam,  December  11, 
1733,  died  young;  Lydia,  May  2,  1735;  Abi- 
gail, November  23,  1736. 

(V' )  Daniel  (2),  son  of  Daniel  (  i)  Benton, 
was  born  in  Tolland,  January  6,  1724,  and 
spent  his  life  there.  He  married,  November 
,3,  1747,  Mary  Wheeler.  Children:  Elisha, 
born  August  9,  1748,  a  revolutionary  soMier ; 
Mary,  August  31,  1750;  Daniel,  April  29,  1752; 
Azariah,  March  39,  1754,  a  revolutionary  sol- 
dier; Hannah,  May  3,  1756,  died  October  18, 
1757;  Hannah,  February  18,  1758  ;  Jacob.  April 

22,  1760,  mentioned  below;  Nathan.  May  3, 
1764:  Silas,  June  6,  1766. 

(\T)  Jacob,  son  of  Daniel  (2)  Benton,  was 
born  April  22,  1760.  and  lived  in  Tolland.  He 
was  a  revolutionary  soldier  at  the  age  of  seven- 
teen and  saw  four  years'  service.  He  was  a 
dragoon  at  the  battle  of  Saratoga,  and  was 
present  at  the  surrender  of  Burgoyne.  October, 
1777.  He  was  pensioned  in  1818,  and  the  wit- 
nesses in  his  pension  say:  "A  man  of  veracity, 
a  fine,  honorable,  honest  man."  He  married 
(first),  March  14,  1782.  Sarah  Weston,  of 
Willington,  Connecticut.     She  died  September 

23.  1787.  He  married  ( second),  July  i,  1789, 
Sarah  Ladd,  of  Tolland,  who  survived  him. 
He  died  July  9,  1843.  Children  of  first  wife: 
.\nn,  born  February  1.  1783;  William,  .August 
-'().   1785.     Children  of  second  wife:  .\znriah. 





June  8.  1790;  Ruth,  December  8,  i/yi  :  Daniel, 
Alay  3,  1794;  Susanna,  February  19,  179O; 
Chester,  February  5,  1798,  mentioned  below; 
Jacob,  June  i,  1802. 

(VII)  Chester,  son  of  Jacob  Benton,  was 
born  at  Tolland,  Connecticut,  February  5,  1798, 
died  at  Cortland,  New  York,  November  23, 
1875.  He  moved  to  Cortland  and  w^as  a  pros- 
I)erous  farmer.  He  married,  I'^-bruary  9,  1826, 
Tirzah  I'orter  Loomis,  born  March  2"],  1804, 
died  July  18,  1887.  Children,  born  at  Cort- 
land: George  C,  born  February  7,  1827;  Al- 
phonzo  L.,  November  9,  183 1  ;  Henry  Francis, 
mentioned  below;  Melvin  P.,  March  5,  1841. 

(  \'ni )  Henry  Francis,  son  of  Chester  Ijen- 
ton,  was  born  at  Cortland,  New  York,  Febru- 
ary 3,  1837,  died  there,  April  20,  1910.  He 
spent  his  youth  on  the  homestead  on  South 
Hill,  in  Cortland,  and  he  attended  the  public 
schools  of  his  native  town.  When  he  came  of 
age  he  followed  his  brother  George  C,  who 
had  gone  west  and  was  a  lumber  merchant  in 
Chicago,  and  located  at  Bloomington,  Illinois, 
where  he  engaged  in  business,  but  after  a  year 
or  two  he  was  induced  to  return  home  by  his 
parents,  who  had  been  left  alone  on  the  farm. 
He  then  engaged  in  the  hardware  business  in 
Cortland,  in  the  firm  of  Chamberlain  &  Ben- 
ton, in  partnership  with  Norman  Chamber- 
lain. In  1866  he  sold  his  interest  in  that  firm 
and  bought  the  lumber  yard  of  John  Barnes 
and  during  the  remainder  of  his  active  life 
continued  in  the  lumber  trade.  His  business 
grew  to  large  proportions.  In  January,  1891), 
the  business  was  incorporated  as  the  H.  ]•". 
Benton  Lumber  Company.  The  other  stock- 
holders an  1  directors  were  his  son-in-law,  Silas 
W.  Sherwood,  who  had  been  associated  in 
Inisiness  with  him  for  many  years,  and  Orson 
.\.  Kinney.  Mr.  Benton  became  president  of 
the  corporation  and  retained  that  office  as  long 
as  he  lived,  though  he  withdrew  from  the 
active  management  of  the  business  to  a  large 

When  the  Second  National  l!ank  was  estab- 
lished, in  1882,  Mr.  B.enton  became  one  of  the 
first  board  of  directors  and  continued  a  di- 
rector as  long  as  he  lived.  He  was  elected  vice- 
president  in  January,  1901,  and  held  the  office 
at  the  time  of  his  death.  From  time  to  time 
he  was  interested  financially  in  various  busi- 
ness enterprises  in  Cortland.  He  was  presi- 
dent of  the  incorporated  village  of  Cortland 
one  year.  He  took  an  active  part  in  all  the 
movements  designed  to  better  conditinns  anfl 

inijirove  the  town.  He  held  the  esteem  and 
confidence  of  all  his  townsmen  and  took  rank 
among  the  most  substantial  and  reliable  men 
of  the  community.  Through  almost  his  whole 
life  he  was  a  member  of  the  Cortland  Presby- 
terian Church,  and  he  was  infiuential  and  be- 
loved in  that  society,  h'or  many  years  he  was 
sujjerintendent  of  tlie  .Sunday  school,  which 
he  had  attended  from  boyhood.  For  nearly 
forty-two  years  he  had  been  a  member  of  the 
church  session,  the  longest  service  of  any  man 
in  the  church,  and  during  all  those  years  he 
was  the  faithful  clerk  of  the  body.  He  was 
elected  clerk  for  the  first  time,  October  31, 
i8'i8.  "lie  has  been  the  deeply  consecrated 
member,  tlie  wise,  discreet  and  conservative 
counselor,  and  the  active  and  energetic  worker 
in  all  that  pertained  to  the  welfare  of  the 
chiu-ch.  Throughout  his  whole  life  he  has  been 
liberal  in  beneficence.  Wherever  there  was  a 
person  in  need  he  was  sure  to  find  a  hearty 
sympathizer  and  a  ready  helper  in  Mr.  Benton, 
though  it  was  all  so  quietly  done  that  few  ever 
heard  of  it.  In  every  way  !Mr.  Benton  will  be 
sadly  missed  in  this  community." 

He  married,  June  11,  i8fii,  Caroline  Put- 
nam, of  Cortland,  who  died  June  19,  i8i)<).  She 
was  born  November  2"].  1839,  daughter  of 
Hrmilton  and  Jeamiette  (Cleveland)  Putnam. 
Children:  r.  Jeannette  Cleveland,  married  Silas 
\V.  Sherwood  (see  Sherwood  \TII).  2.  Mary 
Putnam,  married  Charles  Wickham  Parker,  of 
Chicago  ;  children  :  Henry  Benton  Parker,  born 
June  15,  1890;  Charles  Grosvenor  Parker, 
March  14,  1896;  Caroline  Putnam  Parker,  De- 
cember 24,  1898.  3.  Carrie  Louise,  married 
Arthur  Ford  Stilson  ;  children:  Chester  Ben- 
ton, born  January  16.  i8c/i,  in  Cortland,  and 
one  child  who  died  aged  fourteen  months.  Ray- 
mond Putnam. 

The  Perkins  family  is  an  an- 
PERKINS     cient  one  in  England.  The  first 

of  the  name  of  whom  there  is 
record,  and  from  whom  the  family  is  descenrl- 
ed.  is  "Peter  Alorley,  alias  Perkins,"  who  lived 
in  the  time  of  Richard  II.,  and  was  an  officer 
in  the  household,  or  steward  of  the  court  of 
Sir  Hugh  Despenser.  about  1300.  The  name 
is  spelled  variously  Peterkins,  Parkins,  Pcrk- 
ings  and  Perkins.  Several  of  the  name  lived 
in  the  neighborhood  of  Newent,  county  Glou- 
cester, England,  and  the  immigrant  John  is 
sai'  to  have  come  from  that  part  of  England. 
(  I )   John  Perkins,  the  immigrant  ancestor, 

1  12 


was  born  in  1590,  probably  in  Xewent,  county 
Gloucester,  England.  He  sailed  from  Bristol, 
December  i,  1630,  in  the  ship  "Lion,"  William 
Pierce,  master,  with  his  wife  and  five  children. 
He  was  in  the  company  with  Rev.  Roger  Will- 
iams, and  after  a  stormy  voyage  of  sixty-seven 
days,  they  landed  at  Boston,  February  6,  1631. 
He  settled  first  in  Boston,  and  was  admitted  a 
freeman,  May  18,  1631.  He  was  one  of  a 
committee  of  four  to  settle  the  bounds  between 
Roxbury  and  Dorchester,  November  7,  1632. 
He  removed,  in  1633,  to  Ipswich,  and  had  sev- 
eral grants  of  land.  His  house  was  near  the 
river,  at  the  entrance  to  Jeffries  Neck,  on  what 
is  now  East  street.  He  was  deputy  to  the  gen- 
eral court  in  1636,  and  on  the  grand  jury  in 
1648  and  1652.    His  will  was  dated  March  28, 

1634.     He  married  Judith  -^^ — '■ .     Children: 

John,  mentioned  below  ;  Thomas,  born  in  1616 ; 
"Elizabeth,  1618;  Mary,  1620;  Jacob,  1624; 
Lydia,  1632,  baptized  at  First  Church,  Boston, 
June  3,  1632. 

(H)  John  (2),  son  of  John  (i)  Perkins, 
was  born  in  England,  in  1614,  and  came  to 
New  England  with  his  parents.  He  had  a 
grant  of  land  in  Ipswich,  in  1634,  and  other 
grants,  and  owned  an  island  called  Hog  Island. 

He    married,    about    1635,    Elizabeth    — . 

The  following  is  from  a  paper  by  Rev.  Thomas 
Cobbet :  "About  5  or  6  years  after  (an  intend- 
ed attack  upon  "Nahumkeick"  by  the  Indians) 
in  the  first  planting  of  Ipswich  ( as  a  creditable 
man  informs  me,  namely  Quartermaster  Per- 
kins) the  Tarratines  ur  Easterly  Indians  had  a 
design  to  cut  them  off  at  the  first,  when  they 
had  but  20  or  30  men,  old  and  young  belonging 
to  the  place  (and  that  instant  most  of  the  men 
had  gone  into  the  bay  about  their  occasions, 
not  hearing  there  of)  it  was  thus  one  Robin,  a 
friendly  Indian,  came  to  this  John  Perkins, 
then  a  young  man  then  living  in  a  little  hut 
upon  his  father's  island  on  this  side  of  Jeffries 
Neck,  and  told  him  that  on  such  a  Thursday 
morning,  early  they  would  come  four  Indians 
to  draw  him  to  goe  down  the  Hill  to  the  water 
side,  to  truck  with  them,  which  if  he  did,  he 
and  all  neare  him  would  be  cut  off ;  for  there 
were  40  burchencanoues,  would  lie  out  of  sight, 
in  the  brow  of  the  Hill,  full  of  Armed  Indians 
for  that  ])urpose  ;  of  this  he  forthwith  acquaints 
Mr.  John  Winthrop,  who  then  lived  there,  in 
a  howse  near  the  water,  who  advised  him  if 
such  Indians  came,  to  carry  it  ruggedly  toward 
them,  and  throated  to  shoot  them  if  they  would 
not  be  gone,  and  when  their  backs  were  turned 

to  strike  up  the  drum  he  had  with  him  besides 
his  two  nuiskets,  and  then  discharge  them  ;  that 
those  6  or  8  young  men,  who  were  in  the 
marshes  hard  by  a  mowing,  haveing  theyr  guns 
each  of  them  ready  charged,  by  them,  might 
take  the  Alarme  and  the  Indians  would  per- 
ceive theyr  plot  was  discovered  and  haste  away 
to  sea  againe ;  which  was  accordingly  so  acted 
and  tooke  like  eff'ect ;  for  he  told  me  that  pres- 
ently after  he  discovered  40  such  canoues 
sheare  off  from  under  the  Hill  and  make  as 
fast  as  they  could  to  sea.  And  no  doubt  many 
godly  hearts  were  lifted  up  to  heaven  for  de- 
liverance at  Salem  and  this  at  Ipswich." 

John  Perkins  opened  the  first  ordinary  or 
inn  in  Ipswich  and  was  chosen  cjuartermaster 
of  the  military.  He  was  one  of  several  to  sign 
a  petition,  February  16,  1681-82,  to  resist  the 
claims  of  Mason  to  a  title  to  lands  about  Glou- 
cester. He  was  engaged  in  the  coast  fisheries  and 
used  a  part  of  what  is  Little  Neck  for  curing  his 
fish,  as  early  as  1645.  He  gave  his  sons  farms 
before  his  death.  He  died  December  14,  1686, 
and  his  wife,  September  27,  1684.  Children: 
John,  born  in  1636,  died  1659;  Abraham,  1640; 
Jacob,  1646;  Luke,  1649;  Isaac,  1650;  Nathan- 
iel, 1652  ;  Samuel,  mentioned  below  ;  Thomas  ; 

(III)  Samuel,  son  of  John  (2)  Perkins, 
was  born  at  Ipswich,  in  1655,  and  married,  in 
1677,  Hannah,  daughter  of  Twift'ord  and  Han- 
nah West.  He  had  a  deed  of  land  in  Ipswich 
from  his  father,  on  which  he  had  built  a  house 
in  1674.  He  served  as  a  soldier  in  the  Xarra- 
gansett  war,  and  for  his  services  then  received 
a  portion  of  land  at  \'oluntown,  on  the  eastern 
border  of  Connecticut.  This  land  afterwards 
came  into  possession  of  his  son  Ebenezer,  who 
settled  upon  it.  Samuel  Perkins  was  a  cord- 
wainer  by  trade.  He  died  intestate  in  1700. 
His  wife  survived  him  and  was  administratrix 
of  his  estate.  Children:  Samuel,  born  Novem- 
ber 26,  1679 ;  Ebenezer,  mentioned  below  ;  Eliz- 
abeth, June  13,  16S5;  John,  May  12,  1692. 

(IV)  Ebenezer,  son  of  Samuel  Perkins,  was 
born  in  Ipswich,  February  3,  1681.  He  mar- 
ried (first),  August  14,  1710,  at  Preston,  Con- 
necticut, Hannah  Safford.  He  married  (sec- 
ond)  — .     He  was  a  farmer  by 

occupation  and  removed  from  Ipswich  to  Pres- 
ton, where  he  bought  one  hundred  and  twenty- 
three  acres  of  land,  October  27,  1714.  He 
sold  this  land  in  1716,  and  removed  to  Volun- 
town,  and  settled  on  the  land  given  his  father 
for  services  in  the  Narragansett  war.    Novem- 



ber  17,  1735,  he  sold  this  land,  and  removed 
to  Coventry,  Rhode  Island.  He  died  in  the 
latter  place,  before  1754.  Children,  recorded 
in  Preston:  Newman,  born  March  8,  171 1; 
Samuel,  May  18,  1712;  Oliver,  April  29,  1713: 
Charity,  July  4,  1714;  EUenher,  July  26,  1718; 
Lemuel,  April  2,  1720;  Ebenezer,  mentioned 
below  ;  John.  Child  of  second  wife:  Margaret. 
1720,  married,  December  26,  1751.  Levi  Adams, 
of  Canterbury,  Connecticut. 

(V)  Ebenezer  (2),  son  of  Ebenezer  (i) 
Perkins,  was  born  in  Voluntown,  Connecticut, 
July  I,  1721.  He  settled  at  Coventry,  Rhode 
Island,  and  married  there,  March  22,  1741, 
Abigail  Pratt.  Children :  Mary,  born  Septem- 
ber 28,  1742;  Hannah,  June  25,  1744;  Martha, 
November  10,  1746;  John,  menticined  bclnw: 
Ebenezer,  April  18,  1752;  Abigail,  November 
6,  1754;  Francis,  March  3,  1757;  William, 
June  12,  1761. 

(VI)  John  (3),  son  of  Ebenezer  (2)  Per- 
kins, was  born  at  Coventry,  Rhode  Island. 
January  2,  1749,  according  to  the  town  rec- 
ords, and  died  at  P)Urlington,  Otsego  county. 
New  York,  November  i,  1812.  (His  birth 
before  the  change  in  the  calendar,  in  1752, 
accounts  for  the  different  day  of  the  month 
given  as  his  birthday,  viz:  January  13).  When 
he  was  twenty  years  old  he  settled  in  Foster, 
Rhode  Island,  and,  in  1785,  removed  to  Pow- 
nal,  Vermont,  where  he  resided  for  six  years. 
He  came  to  Burlington,  New  York,  in  1794. 
and  settled  there  on  a  farm.  He  was  a  minute 
man  in  the  revolution,  in  Rhode  Island,  with 
the  rank  of  orderly  sergeant.  He  married 
Elizabeth  Harrington,  wlio  was  born  June  i. 
1749.  Children:  Sarah,  Abigail,  Elizabeth, 
Joanna  ;  Ebenezer,  mentioned  below  ;  Martha, 
Mary,  John,  Josiah,  Caleb  and  Joshua. 

(VII)  Ebenezer  (3),  son  of  John  (3)  Per- 
kins, was  born  in  Foster,  Rhode  Island,  April 
30,  1777,  and  died  in  Burlington,  New  York. 
October  28,  1 85 1.  At  the  age  of  sixteen  he 
went  with  his  parents  to  Vermont,  and  thence 
to  Piurlington,  New  York,  before  his  parents, 
cleared  land  and  built  a  house  for  the  family, 
which  came  a  year  later.     He  married  Ruth 

.    Children :  John  S.,  mentioned  below  : 

Amy,  Ebenezer,  Thomas,  Ruth  and  Truman. 

(VIII)  John  S.,  son  of  Ebenezer  (3)  Per- 
kins, was  born  in  Burlington,  Otsego  county. 
New  York,  March  22,  1796,  and  died  in  Virgil, 
New  York,  August  18,  1854.  He  was  edu- 
cated in  the  public  schools  and  from  early 
youth  followed  farming  for  a  livelihood.     In 

1820  he  came  to  Virgil,  but  two  years  later  he 
returned  to  his  native  town.  In  1833  he  set- 
tled permanently  in  Virgil,  however,  and  lived 
there  on  a  farm  during  the  rest  of  his  life.  He 
married,  March  2,  181 5,  Sally  Elster,  who 
was  born  May  4,  1797,  and  died  y\ugust  19, 
1885.  Children  :  John  Casper,  mentioned  below ; 
Ebenezer,  Thomas,  Judson  Vinton,  Amy  and 

(IX)  John  Casper,  son  of  John  S.  Perkins, 
was  born  at  Burlington,  in  1815,  and  died  at 
Virgil,  January  9,  1883.  After  attending  the 
public  schools  of  Burlington  and  Virgil,  in 
which  he  received  a  good  education,  he  taught 
school  in  Virgil  for  a  time.  His  principal  occu- 
pation in  life,  however,  was  farming,  and  he 
lived  most  of  the  time  in  Virgil.  In  his  younger 
days  he  was  active  in  the  state  militia.  Like  his 
father  and  ancestors  for  generations  before 
him,  he  was  a  zealous  and  earnest  member  of 
the  Baptist  church. 

He  married  (first)  Achsah  J.  Sessions,  born 
May  23,  1819;  (second)  Catherine  Jane  Price, 
born  September  26,  1818.  died  February  18, 
1896.  d'hild  of  first  wife:  i.  John  Horace, 
born  November  30,  1842,  a  market  gardener 
in  Cortland,  New  York,  who  married  Meliona 
Oakes,  and  has  eight  children:  Fre<I,  Frank, 
Ella.  Dell,  Grace,  Ada,  Cora  and  Hattie.  Chil- 
dren of  second  wife:  2.  Josephine,  born  Sep- 
tember 23.  1845;  married  John  Stillman,  and 
had :  Frank  B.,  Emma,  William  J.,  Earl  and 
Eva.  3.  Achsah,  born  April  20,  1848.  died 
January  19,  1849.  4.  Emma  V.,  born  January 
4,  1853,  died  May  31,  1857.  5.  William  Jay. 
mentioned  below. 

( X )  William  Jay,  son  of  John  C.  Perkins, 
was  bom  in  Virgil,  Cortland  county.  New 
York,  February  2,  1855.  He  received  his  edu- 
cation in  the  public  schools,  at  the  old  Cortland 
Academy,  and  at  the  Cortland  State  Normal 
School.  When  he  was  seventeen  years  old  he 
became  a  clerk  in  a  drug  store,  and,  three 
years  later,  was  admitted  to  partnership  by 
F.  H.  Cobb,  in  the  manufacture  of  confection- 
ery, importing  and  dealing  in  foreign  fruits, 
nuts,  tobacco,  etc.  The  firm  was  known  as 
Cobb  &  Perkins,  and  continued  with  the  ut- 
most success  until  1895,  a  period  of  twenty 
years.  In  1896  Mr.  Perkins  engaged  in  busi- 
ness as  a  druggist  in  Cortland.  When  his 
store  was  destroyed  by  fire,  in  March,  1905, 
he  decided  to  retire  from  business.  He  has 
continued  to  make  his  home  in  Cortland,  how- 
ever,  and  has  spent  much   time  in  travel  in 



this  country,  and  was  in  San  Francisco  at  the 
time  of  the  great  eartiiquake.  In  pohtics  he  is 
Republican,  and  he  has  been  a  member  of  the 
board  of  education.  He  has  followed  his  fam- 
ily in  religious  beliefs,  and  is  a  member  of 
the  Baptist  church.  For  a  number  of  years 
he  was  on  the  board  of  directors  of  the  Na- 
tional Bank  of  Cortland. 

He  married,  in  1878,  Mary  E.  Howe,  of 
Cortland,  born  October  21,  1857,  daughter  of 
Albert  and  Eliza  J.  (Simmons)  Howe.  They 
had  one  chikl,  E.  .-Mida,  died  January  19,  1891, 
aged  four  and  a  half  years. 

The  record  of  the  Jewett  family 
JEWETT  in  America  begins  with  the  set- 
tlement of  Rowley,  Massachu- 
setts. In  1638  about  sixty  families,  led  by  Rev. 
Ezekiel  Rogers,  came  from  Yorkshire,  Eng- 
land, and  began  the  settlement  of  Rowley,  early 
the  following  season.  Among  these  pioneers 
were  the  brothers,  Ma.ximilian  and  Joseph 
Jewett.  men  of  substance  from  Bradford, 
Yorkshire,  England,  and  they  were  the  ances- 
tors of  most  of  the  Jewetts  in  this  country,  a 
large  family,  which  included  many  members 
of  distinction  in  various  walks  of  life.  The  most 
widely  known  person  bearing  the  name  is  un- 
doubtedly Miss  Sarah  Orne  Jewett,  the  author, 
of  South  lierwick,  Maine.  In  ancient  records 
the  name  apjicars  as  Juet.  Juit,  Jewit,  and  in 
various  other  forms,  but  in  all  cases  the  spell- 
ing preserves  the  j^ronunciation. 

(I )  Edward  Jewett  was  a  resident  of  Brad- 
ford, in  the  West  Riding  of  Yorkshire,  Eng- 
land, where  he  was  a  clothier.  His  will  was 
dated  February  16,  1614,  and  proved  by  his 
widow,  July  12,  1615.  He  married,  in  Brad- 
ford. October  1,  1604,  Mary,  daughter  of  Will- 
iam Ta\lor.  Their  children,  baptized  in  lirad- 
ford.  were :  William,  Maximilian,  Joseph  and 
Sarah,  perhaps  others  who  died  young. 

( II )  Deacon  Maximilian  Jewett,  second  son 
and  child  of  Edward  and  Mary  (Taylor) 
Jewett,  was  ba]itized  December  31,  1609,  in 
Bradford,  England.  He  came  to  Rowley,  ^las- 
sachusetts,  with  the  Rev.  Ezekiel  Rogers,  in 
1639,  and  was  made  a  freeman  there,  May  13, 
of  the  following  year.  He  had  a  two-acre 
house  lot,  in  1643.  "u  liradford  street.  He 
was  a  leading  man  in  the  affairs  of  the  town, 
and  was  several  times  its  representative  in  the 
general  court,  having  been  also  very  early  a 
deacon  of  the  chunh.  He  was  accompanied 
on  his  journey  to  Massachusetts  by  his  wife 

.\nn,  who  was  buried  November  9,  1667,  and 
he  married  (second),  August  30,  1671,  Ellen, 
widow  of  John  Boynton.  He  died  October  19, 
1684.  His  will  is  on  file  at  Salem,  Massachu- 
setts, among  the  Essex  county  papers.  It  dis- 
poses of  a  considerable  amount  of  property, 
indicating  that  he  was  a  man  of  substance. 
His  widow  Ellen  was  married  for  the  third 
time,  June  i,  1686,  to  Daniel  Warner  Sr.,  of 
Ipswich,  whom  she  survived,  and  died  in  Row- 
ley, .August  5,  1689.  The  children  of  Maxi- 
milian Jewett,  all  by  his  first  wife,  were:  Eze- 
kiel, Hannah,  Mary,  Elizabeth,  I'aith,  Joseph, 
Sarah  (died  young),  Sarah  and  Priscilla. 

(Ill)  Two  men  named  Jewett  appear  in 
Rowley,  Massachusetts,  about  the  middle  of 
the  seventeenth  century,  and  there  is  a  persist- 
ent tradition  in  the  family  that  they  were 
nephews  of  Maximilian  and  Joseph  Jewett. 
Xumerous  transactions  on  record  indicate  that 
they  were  in  some  way  connected,  but  nothing 
can  be  discovered  to  prove  this  connection. 
They  were  sup])osed  to  have  been  sons  of  Will- 
iam Jewett,  and  to  have  followed  their  uncle  to 
this  country.  John  Jewett,  born  about  1636- 
^y.  appears  first  in  the  records  of  Rowley, 
\Iassachusetts,  April  2,  1661,  on  which  date  he 
married  Elizabeth  Cummings,  daughter  of 
Isaac  Cummings,  of  Topsfield,  Massachusetts. 
The  latter  deeded  to  John  Jewett,  a  farm  in 
Topsfield,  .-Xjiril  28,  1661,  in  consideration  of 
his  marriage  to  Cummings'  daughter.  She 
died  in  Ipswich,  July  g,  1679,  and  Jewett  mar- 
ried (second),  probably  in  Lynn,  Elizabeth 
Chadwell,  of  that  town,  widow  of  Benjamin 
Chadwell,  and  only  child  of  Joseph  Howe,  of 
Lynn.  John  Jewett  was  made  a  freeman  at 
I]wwich,  I'ebruary  21.  1676,  and  died  there 
between  October  21  and  November  29,  1708. 
His  widow  married  (third)  Deacon  Ezekiel 
Jewett.  Children  by  first  marriage:  Elizabeth, 
Hannah:  Isaac,  mentioned  below;  Abigail 
(died  young),  John,  Abigail,  David  and  Mary. 
By  second  marriage:  Daniel,  Jonathan,  Dorcas 
and  Rebecca  (twins). 

(1\')  Isaac,  eldest  son  of  John  and  Eliza- 
beth ( t'ummings  )  Jewett,  was  born  about  1665- 
67,  in  Ipswich,  where  he  was  a  blacksmith  in 
early  life.  He  settled  in  Thompson,  Connecti- 
cut (then  a  part  of  Killingly),  about  1715,  in 
which  year  he  and  his  wife  were  dismissed 
from  the  Rowley  church  to  assist  in  forming 
a  church  in  the  parish  of  Thomj)son.  In  the 
dixision  of  common  lands  at  Thompson,  No- 
\cnil)er    11.    1720,  he   received   fifty-two  acres 

NEW    \ORK. 


of  land,  and  his  son  Isaac  twelve  and  one-half 
acres.  In  the  second  division,  I^ebruary  2, 
1722,  he  received  sixty-three  acres  one  hundred 
rods  of  land.     He  married  in  Topsfield,  June 

12,  1695,  Dorcas  Hovey,  of  that  town.  Chil- 
dren: Isaac.  .Abigail;  David,  mentioned  below, 
and  Dorcas. 

(V)  David,  second  son  of  Isaac  antl  Dorcas 
(Hovey)  Jevvett.  was  born  in  Ipswich  and 
baptized  in  Rowley,  January  25,  1708.  He 
settled  in  Thompson  and  there  married,  Octo- 
ber 9.  1734,  Sarah  (or  Susannah)  Stevens. 
Their  children,  born  there,  were :  Stephen. 
mentioned  below :  .David.  Susannah  and  Jo- 

1  \  ]  )  .Stcplien,  eldest  child  of  David  and 
Sarah,  or  Susannah,  ( Stevens )  Jewett,  was 
born  October  5,  173'),  in  Thompson,  and  re- 
sided there  until  soon  after  his  marriage.  He 
was  admitted  to  the  church  in  Thompson  with 
his  wife,  and.  about  I7(xi.  removed  to  Lanes- 
boro,  Massachusetts.  He  was  a  soldier  in  the 
revolution,  serving  as  a  sergeant  in  Captain 
Asa  Barns'  company,  Colonel  Patterson's  regi- 
ment of  minute  men,  which  marched,  April  22, 
1775,  and  served  twenty-five  days.  He  again 
enlisted  under  the  same  captain.  May  17.  1775. 
in  Colonel  B.  Ruggles  Woodbridge's  regiment, 
and  served  two  months  sixteen  days.  .\  return 
of  the  same  company  dated  Se]>tember  28. 
1775,  included  the  name  of  Stephen  Jewett  as 
a  private,  and  his  order  for  a  bounty  cuat.  or 
its  equivalent,  was  dated  November  13,  1775, 
at  Cambridge.  He  was  a  private  under  the 
same  captain  and  marched  to  Manchester,  July 

13,  1777,  on  the  alarm  for  that  district.  He 
served  fifteen  days  on  this  enlistment,  and  his 
son  David  was  a  member  of  the  same  comoany. 
He  married  (first),  in  Oxford,  Massachusetts. 
March  3,  1757,  Mehetable  Harris,  tlaughter  of 
Timothy  and  Mary  (Stearns)  Harris,  of  Ox- 
ford, born  there  August  3.  1735,  died  in  Lanes- 
boro,  October  23.  1772.  He  married  (second), 
December  15.  1778,  Sarah  Hatch,  of  Lanes- 
boro.  Children  of  first  marriage :  David,  Eliz- 
abeth. Timothy,  Silence,  Joannah.  Ezekiel  and 
Roger.  Children  of  second  marriage :  Walter, 
mentioned  below:  Stephen,  born  .August  18, 
1783,  and  Alehetable.  Stejihen  Jewett  died  in 
Danbury,  Connecticut,  and  may  have  passed 
his  last  years  in  that  town.  The  family  tradi- 
tion states  that  the  son  named  below  was  born 
in  Connecticut. 

(VH)  Walter,  fifth  .son  of  Stephen  Jewett. 
and  eldest  child  of  his  second  wife.  .Sarah  I  latch, 

was  born  about  1780,  according  to  the  family 
tradition  in  Connecticut,  and  died  in  Cortland, 
New  York,  at  the  home  of  his  son,  Homer  O. 
Jewett,  March  5,  1855.  He  settled  in  Lebanon, 
Madison  count}',  New  York,  in  January.  1806, 
and,  in  1832,  removed  to  Homer,  Cortland 
county,  where  he  became  the  owner  of  a  farm, 
embracing  about  one  hundred  and  thirty  acres. 
(Jlenwood  cemetery  is  part  of  this  tract.  When 
he  settled  in  Lebanon  he  [)urchased  a  tract  of 
heavily  wooded  land,  which  he  cleared  largely 
by  his  personal  labor.  To  this  he  added  until 
he  was  the  owner  of  nearly  three  hundred 
acres.  He  built  a  schoolhouse  upon  his  land, 
where  his  own  and  neighbors'  children  received 
primary  instruction,  the  district  school  being  a 
long  distance  away.  He  was  an  industrious 
and  successful  farmer,  and  removed  to  Homer 
in  order  to  secure  better  educational  advan- 
tages for  his  children.  He  married  (first). 
May  8.  1804,  Betsey  Rockwell,  born  October 
31,  1785,  died  March  31,  1835.  He  married 
(second)  Elizabeth  Collins.  Children,  all  by 
first  marriage :  Elvira,  born  November  26, 
1805;  Mary  Scott,  August,  1807,  died  May  17, 
1833:  Laura  Maria.  May  C\  i8og;  Myron 
Starr,  May  4,  181 1  :  Minerva,  July  2,  1813; 
Diantha  Christiana,  February  14,  1815:  Ruth 
•Ann,  .April  8.  1817;  Homer  Octavius.  mention- 
ed below :  Ambrosia  Elizabeth,  Octolier  4, 
1 82 1,  died  September  12,  1832. 

(  \  HI)  Dr.  Homer  Octavius  Jewett,  second 
son  of  Walter  and  Betsey  (Rockwell)  Jewett, 
was  born  March  31,  1819.  in  Lebanon,  Madi- 
son count)'.  New  York,  and  died  January  30, 
1901.  in  Cortland,  New  York.  He  was  a  small 
boy  when  his  parents  moved  to  Homer.  He 
attended  the  conunon  schools  of  his  neighbor- 
hood and  graduated  from  Cortland  .Academy, 
at  Homer.  For  three  years  he  alternated  as 
teacher  and  student.  In  1839  he  took  up  med- 
ical instruction  in  the  office  of  Dr.  A.  B.  Ship- 
man,  at  Cortland,  and  at  the  same  time  con- 
tinued teaching,  his  labors  in  that  behalf  and 
his  studies  consuming  fifteen  hours  of  each 
day.  He  was  anxious  to  complete  his  medical 
education  and  to  earn  his  own  way,  so  labored 
industriously,  l^efore  railroads  were  in  ex- 
istence he  went  to  Ohio,  travelling  by  canal  to 
Buffalo,  and  engaged  for  a  time  in  teaching. 
Lie  then  entered  the  medical  department  of 
New  York  L'niversity,  from  which  he  was 
graduated  in  Alarch,  1843.  He  often  spoke 
in  gratitude  of  the  kindness  of  Dr.  Martyn 
Paine,    his   preceptor    in    the    university,    who 



gave  to  young  Jewett  the  use  of  his  private 
office  and  library,  thus  enabhng  him  to  com- 
plete his  medical  course  in  less  than  the  usual 
time.  For  a  short  time  he  engaged  in  practice 
with  his  former  preceptor,  Dr.  Shipman,  at 
Cortland,  and  then  settled  at  Summer  Hill, 
Cayuga  county,  New  York,  where  he  met  with 
considerable  success.  In  1849  he  settled  at 
Cortland,  where  for  fifty  years  he  was  actively 
engaged  in  the  practice  of  his  beloved  pro- 
fession. Success  in  his  chosen  calling  had 
greater  place  in  his  mind  than  its  emoluments, 
and  he  was  wont  to  treat  rich  and  poor  alike, 
regardless  of  financial  consideration.  His  rides 
over  the  roads  of  Cortland  county  were  made 
in  all  kinds  of  weather,  at  all  hours  of  the  day, 
and  much  of  his  study  was  carried  on  in 
his  carriage  or  sleigh,  while  visiting  distant 
patients.  He  was  an  admirer  of  good  horses 
and  was  often  dependent  upon  the  intelligence 
of  these  well-trained  animals  to  convey  him 
safely  through  snowdrifts  and  over  rough 
roads,  while  he  was  engaged  in  study.  Dr. 
Jewett  took  very  few  vacations,  was  known 
as  an  exceptionally  skillful  surgeon,  and  was 
considered  one  of  the  best  read  physicians  of 
the  state.  He  was  esteemed  quite  as  highly  as 
a  citizen  and  died  widely  regretted.  He  gave 
no  attention  to  political  matters,  or  other  inter- 
ests outside  of  his  profession,  finding  his  re- 
ward in  the  sense  of  duty  done.  He  was  one 
of  the  founders  of  the  State  Medical  Associa- 
tion, was  a  member  of  its  council,  vice-presi- 
dent, and  president  of  its  Third  Branch  Asso- 
ciation. He  was  a  member  of  the  Cortland 
County  Medical  Society  and  of  the  New  York 
Medico-Legal  Society.  He  was  a  frequent 
contributor  to  medical  journals,  was  accurate 
in  diagnosis  and  in  surgical  operations,  the 
family  physician  of  many  leading  families  of 
Cortland  county.  At  the  time  of  his  death  he 
was  the  oldest  practitioner  in  that  district. 

He  married,  October  i,  1850,  Matilda  El- 
mira  Ingalls,  born  July  2,  1828,  at  Summer 
Hill,  Cayuga  county.  New  York,  daughter  of 
Benjamin  Ingalls.  She  died  in  Cortland,  June 
16,  1907.  Children:  i.  Granville  Sharp  Pat- 
terson, born  July  30,  1851,  resides  on  the 
paternal  homestead  in  Cortland.  He  married 
(first),  August  23,  1882,  Anna  M.  Etheridge, 
who  died  April  5,  1898,  and  he  married  (sec- 
ond), November  26,  1903,  Nellie  A.  Lennon, 
who  died  January  31,  1908.  He  married 
(third),  August  22,  1910,  M.  Frances  McHale. 
2.  Alden  March,  mentioned  below.    3.  George 

Walter,  born  May  11,  1855,  died  at  the  age  of 
three  years  thirteen  days. 

( IX)  Alden  March,  second  son  of  Dr. 
Homer  O.  and  Matilda  E.  (Ingalls)  Jewett, 
was  born  December  21,  1852,  in  Cortland,  and 
pursued  his  studies  in  the  academy  and  State 
Normal  School,  of  that  town.  In  1871,  in  his 
nineteenth  year,  he  entered  the  employ  of  Delos 
Saunders,  a  jeweler  of  Cortland,  and  remained 
with  him  three  years,  in  the  meantime  master- 
ing the  trade.  For  the  next  eleven  years,  he 
was  employed  in  Pennsylvania,  and  returned 
to  Cortland  in  1886.  At  this  time  he  opened  a 
store  on  his  own  account,  and  since  that  date 
has  continued  upon  the  same  site.  His  uniform 
courtesy  to  patrons  and  his  shrewd  business 
management  have  brought  to  him  much  suc- 
cess, and  his  store  is  one  of  the  best  estab- 
lishments of  the  kind  in  Central  New  York. 
Mr.  Jewett  is  active  in  the  social  life  of  the 
community,  being  a  member  of  Cortlandville 
Lodge,  No.  470,  F.  and  A.  M.,  of  Cortland ; 
Cortland  Chapter,  No.  194,  R.  A.  M. ;  Central 
City  Council,  No.  13,  of  Syracuse;  and  Cort- 
land Commandery,  No.  50  K.  T.  He  is  also 
one  of  the  charter  members  of  Cortland  Lodge 
of  Perfection,  A.  A.  O.  N.  M.  S.  J.  U.  S.  A., 
and  a  member  of  Central  City  Consistory,  S. 
R.  M.,  of  Syracuse,  and  a  member  of  Kalurah 
Temple,  A.  A.  N.  M.  S.,  at  Binghamton.  He 
is  past  commander  of  Cortland  Commandery, 
and  past  thrice  potent  master  of  Cortland 
Lodge  of  Perfection.  For  many  years  he  has 
been  vestryman  in  Grace  Episcopal  Church. 

He  married,  August  2S.  1890.  Clara  Lucy 
Smith,  daughter  of  Judge  Abraham  P.  and 
Mary  E.  (Bronson)  Smith,  of  Cortland  (see 
Smith  IV).  They  have  one  daughter,  Helen 
Etheridge  Tewett,  born  June  6,  1891. 

(The  Smith  Line). 

(I)  Henry  Smith  (Henri  Schmidt)  was 
born  in  1748,  in  Germany,  and  located,  when 
a  young  man,  in  Walkill,  New  York.  He  was 
a  soldier  in  the  revolution,  serving  in  the  Sec- 
ond New  York  Regiment,  and  died  in  Killa- 
wog,  Broome  county.  New  York,  in  October, 

(II)  Abraham,  son  of  Henry  Smith,  was 
born  in  1778,  in  Coxsackie,  New  York,  and 
died  in  Virgil,  Cortland  county.  New  York,  in 
1863.  He  was  an  early  resident  of  that  town 
and  engaged  in  agriculture.  He  married  Nancy 
Hunt,  daughter  of  Dr.  Japhet  Hunt,  the  first 
white  child  born  in  Cortland  county,  in  171 1. 



(III)  Nathan,  son  of  Abraham  and  Nancy 
(Hunt)  Smith,  was  born  in  Virgil,  April  8, 
1808,  died  in  Cortland,  October,  1884;  mar- 
ried Lucy  Mallory. 

(IV)  Abram  P.,  son  of  Nathan  and  Lucy 
(Mallory)  Smith,  was  born  April  6,  1831,  in 
the  eastern  part  of  the  town  of  Virgil,  and 
died  July  4.  1897,  in  Cortland.  After  attend- 
ing the  common  schools  of  his  native  town, 
he  attended  Cortland  Academy,  at  Homer,  and 
the  State  Normal  School,  at  Albany,  from 
which  he  was  graduated  in  1853.  After  teach- 
ing one  year  at  the  head  of  the  Marathon 
schools,  he  decided  to  take  up  the  study  of  law 
and  entered  the  office  of  Hon.  Horatio  Ballard, 
in  Cortland,  with  whom  he  continued  his 
studies  until  admitted  to  practice  in  the  state 
courts,  January  8,  1856.  In  November,  of  the 
same  year,  he  was  elected  district  attorney  for 
Cortland  county,  in  which  position  he  con- 
tinued three  years,  and,  in  1859,  was  the  Re- 
publican candidate  for  county  judge.  At  the 
opening  of  the  civil  war,  he  enlisted  as  a  mem- 
ber of  the  Seventy-sixth  New  York  \'olunteer 
Infantry,  known  as  the  "Fighting  Seventy- 
sixth,"  which  was  recruited  chiefly  in  Central 
New  York.  On  the  organization  of  the  regi- 
ment he  was  commissioned  quartermaster,  with 
the  rank  of  lieutenant,  and  served  until  May, 
1862,  when  he  resigned  to  resume  his  law  prac- 
tice in  Cortland.  He  was  elected  judge  and 
surrogate  of  Cortland  county  in  1867,  and 
served  continuously  sixteen  years,  the  longest 
period  in  which  the  office  had  been  held  by  the 
same  person  up  to  that  time.  He  was  admitted 
to  practice  before  the  LTnited  States  courts, 
January  4,  1874.  Down  to  the  expiration  of 
his  term  as  judge  he  hafl  practiced  independ- 
ently, and  soon  after  admitted  to  partnership 
his  son,  David  Eugene  Smith,  and  for  one  year 
this  firm  was  in  active  practice  under  the  title 
of  A.  P.  &  D.  E.  Smith.  At  the  end  of  this 
time  the  latter  was  succeeded  by  Dorr  C. 
Smith.  In  1889  the  latter  gave  way  to  Henry 
A.  Dickinson  and  the  firm  of  Smith  &  Dickin- 
son continued  in  active  practice  until  the  death 
of  its  head.  Judge  Smith  was  noted  as  a  jury 
lawyer  and  was  occupied  in  the  trial  of  an 
enormous  number  of  cases.  As  a  judge  he 
was  clear,  firm  and  concise,  and  his  decisions 
were  rarely  called  in  question.  He  was  a  power 
in  the  councils  of  the  Republican  party,  and 
was  often  in  detuand  as  a  public  speaker,  being 
witty  and  fluent,  and  exercised  a  wide  influ- 
ence among  the  people  of  Central  New  York. 

He  compiled  a  history  of  the  Seventy-si.xth 
Regiment,  which  has  since  been  the  standard 
work  in  that  line.  He  was  a  member  of  Grover 
Post,  No.  98.  Grand  Army  of  the  Republic, 
and  was  socially  congenial  and  popular  in  the 
community.  He  was  very  helpful  to  many 
young  men  who  were  ambitious  to  make  a  start 
in  the  profession,  and  wasimiformly  kind  and 
sympathetic  with  all. 

Fie  married  (first)  Mary  Elizabeth  Bronson, 
born  May  27,  1837,  in  Virgil,  and  died  in  Cort- 
land, July  31,  1872.  He  married  (second) 
Mrs.  Ellen  P.  Stedman.  There  were  four 
children  of  the  first  marriage,  namely:  Bron- 
son, David  Eugene.  Nora  and  Clara  Lucy. 
The  first  and  third  died  in  childhood.  David 
Eugene,  born  January  i,  i860,  now  holds  the 
chair  of  mathematics  in  Columbia  College, 
New  York,  and  is  the  author  of  many  mathe- 
matical text  books.  Clara  Lucy,  born  Febru- 
ary 28.  1869,  was  married,  August  28,  1890,  to 
Alden  March  Jewett.  of  Cortland,  as  above 
noted.  She  is  an  active  member  of  the  Daugh- 
ters of  the  American  Revolution,  of  which  she 
is  a  past  regent  (see  Jewett  IX). 

George  Bates,  said  to  have  been 
B.\TES  born  in  England,  located  at  Brim- 
field,  Hampshire  county,  Massa- 
chusetts, before  1735.  He  married  at  Brim- 
field,  December  6,  1735,  Rebecca  Dick.  Chil- 
dren, born  at  Brimfield :  Mary,  October  9, 
1736:  George  Jr.,  December  23,  1737:  Samuel, 
November  9,  1738,  married  Eunice  Sherman 
and  lived  at  Brimfield :  Hepzibah,  Februarv  2, 
1741  ;  Thomas,  January  18,  1743;  Asa,  May 
20,  1745;  Lemuel,  mentioned  below;  Elisha, 
Marcli  25,  1749. 

(II)  Lemuel,  son  of  George  Bates,  was 
born  at  Brimfield,  March  4,  1747.  He  left  his 
native  town  about  1800,  and  located  in  what 
is  now  Cincinnati,  Ohio,  driving  through  the 
wilderness  with  other  pioneers,  and  he  owned 
a  hundred  acres  in  what  is  now  the  heart  of 
the  city  of  Cincinnati.  He  was  a  saddler  by 
trade,  and,  in  addition  to  his  trade,  was  a 
dealer  in  cattle,  and  operated  the  ferry  across 
the  river  to  the  Kentucky  shore.  He  was  seized 
with  malarial  fever,  like  so  many  of  the  other 
pioneers  in  this  section  of  the  country,  and 
was  obliged  to  leave  the  place.  He  stopped 
on  his  way  home,  at  Syracuse,  New  York,  and 
later  decided  to  locate  at  Homer,  New  Y'ork, 
where  he  bought  a  farm  on  which  he  spent  the 
rest  of  his  life.    He  was  a  soldier  in  the  revolu- 


tion  from  Brinifield,  sergeant  in  Captain  Eben- 
ezer  Stoddard's  company  (Second  Hampshire) 
in  1782,  and  was  engaged  in  suppressing  the 
insurgents  at  Northampton.  He  married  Faire- 
zinah  (also  given  Resinah)  Thompson,  of 
Scotch  ancestry.  She  died  at  Homer,  New 
York,  August  3,  1852,  aged  ninety-eight  years, 
Cliildren :  Sally,  born  at  Brimfield,  November 
20,  1773:  daughter.  March  24,  1776;  Joseph 
Thompson,  October  17,  1778;  Patty,  February 
5,  1781  ;  Samuel,  July  20,  1783;  Ransford, 
May  19,  1785;  Bathsheba,  November  27,  1787; 
Lemuel,  mentioned  below ;  Barbara ;  Hepsi- 
bath ;  Tabitha ;  Fairezinah,  April  ij,  1797; 
Nabby,  February  10,  1799. 

(HI)  Lemuel  (  2),  son  of  Lemuel  ( i )  Bates, 
was  born  in  lirimfield,  in  1790,  and  died  in 
Homer,  New  York,  August  29,  1882,  aged, 
according  to  his  gravestone,  ninety-one  years. 
He  was  a  young  lad  when  the  family  went 
west,  and  he  returned  with  them  to  Homer,  and 
he  followed  farming  there  all  his  active  life. 
He  married  (first)  Anna  Stephens,  who  died 
April  27.  1825,  aged  twenty-four  years;  (sec- 
ond) I'hebe  Ann  Sweet,  who  died  June  19, 
1856,  aged  fifty-one  years.  Children  of  first 
wife:  Calvin,  Stephen  S.  and  Joseph  T.  Chil- 
dren of  second  wife:  Horton  S.,  Henry;  Will- 
iam, mentioned  below ;  Augustus,  Ballard,  El- 
nora,  Nancy,  Caroline  and  Pliebe. 

(IV)  William,  son  of  Lemuel  (2)  Bates, 
was  born  in  Cortland,  New  York,  April  21, 
1831,  and  died  September  14,  1904,  aged  sev- 
enty-three. He  was  educated  in  the  public 
schtx)ls  and  learned  the  trade  of  blacksmith  in 
his  native  town,  where  he  lived  until  i860, 
when  he  removed  to  Freetown,  New  York.  He 
followed  farming  in  connection  with  his  black- 
smith business.  He  was  a  member  of  the 
lodge  of  Free  Masons,  at  Moulton,  New  York, 
and  of  the  Ba])tist  church.  He  married  (  first) 
Elvira  Woodruff,  born  in  1832,  dietl  December 
4,  1862,  daughter  of  Madison  and  Hannah 
(Russell)  W'oodruff,  of  Cortland.  He  mar- 
ried (second)  Margaret  Borthwick,  of  Free- 
town, New  York,  who  survives  him  (1911). 
Children  of  the  wife:  Eugene  Wallace, 
mentioned  below ;  Frank  W.,  died  February 
24,  1874,  aged  nineteen  years.  Children  of 
second  wife:  George,  Merton,  Martha,  Nellie 
and  Jennie. 

(V)  Eugene  Wallace,  son  of  William  Bates, 
was  born  in  Cortland,  New  York,  October  13, 
1853,  and  was  educated  there  in  the  common 

schools,  Cortlandville  Academy,  Normal  Scho(_)l 
of  Cortland,  and  took  a  commercial  course  at 
Lovett's  Commercial  College,  of  Binghamton, 
New  York.  For  three  years  after  he  left 
school  he  was  a  bookkeeper  in  Cortland,  and 
afterward  he  entered  the  employ  of  his  grand- 
father, Madison  Woodruff,  a  manufacturer  of 
pottery,  in  Cortland,  and  continued  with  him 
for  eight  years.  In  1885  he  bought  out  the 
business  of  his  employer  and  carried  it  on 
alone  for  about  six  years.  After  selling  the 
pottery  business  he  was  for  a  time  a  retail 
grocer,  but  since  1895  he  has  been  in  the  insur- 
ance and  real  estate  business  in  Cortland,  and 
has  achieved  notable  success.  From  January, 
1901,  to  January  i,  191 1,  he  was  assessor  of 
the  city.  In  religion  he  is  a  Methodist,  and 
was  on  the  board  of  trustees  of  the  Methodist 
church.  He  is  a  member  of  \esta  Lodge.  No. 
255,  of  Odd  Fellows,  of  Cortland.  In  politics 
he  is  Re])ublican. 

He  married,  in  1874,  Flla  I'almer,  born  at 
Cortlandville,  May  16,  1853,  died  November 
25,  190*1,  daughter  of  I'rosper  and  Lucy  (Still- 
man  )  Palmer,  of  Cortland.  They  had  one  son, 
I*".  .Albert  Bates,  born  in  1875,  now  a  clerk  in 
the  office  of  the  Lehigh  \'alley  Railroad  Com- 
pany, at  Cortland ;  married  Anna  Wright,  of 
Homer,  New  York,  daughter  of  Lewis  Wright, 
and  they  have  two  children :  Eugene  W.  and 
Uarlene  W.  Bates. 

Air.  E.  W.  Bates  married  (second),  Decem- 
ber 17,  1907,  Helen  O.  Brooks,  daughter  of 
James  A.  and  Ophelia  Brooks,  of  McGraw- 
ville,  New  York. 

( I\  )  Joseph  Thompson  Bates. son 
Pi.\ TES  of  Lemuel  (2)  Bates  (q.  v.),  was 
born  in  Homer,  New  York,  in 
1822,  and  is  now  living  at  L^nion,  Broome 
county.  New  York.  He  had  a  public  school 
education.  He  learned  the  trade  of  harness- 
maker,  and  for  several  years  was  emi^loyed 
as  a  journeyman  at  his  trade  in  Marathon, 
New  York.  He  came  to  Cortland,  where  he 
was  for  thirty  years  constable  and  deputy 
sherilif  of  the  county  during  part  of  that  time. 
In  1890  he  retired  from  active  business  and  for 
several  years  has  made  his  home  with  his  son 
and  daughter  in  Union.  He  has  a  wide  ac- 
quaintance throughout  Cortland  and  the  coun- 
ty, and  is  held  in  high  esteem  by  all  who  know 
him.  He  married  .Sarah  Hatfield.  Children: 
Rosetta;  .Mien;  .Anna;  Theodore  T.,  mention- 



ed  below :  Ida ;  Rev.  William,  a  Baptist  min- 
ister at  Union ;  A'lina,  lives  with  her  brother. 
Rev.  William,  at  Union. 

(V)  Theodore  Thompson,  son  of  Joseph 
Thompson  Bates,  was  born  at  Cortland.  Au- 
gust I,  1853,  and  was  educatetl  there  in  the 
common  schools.  At  the  age  of  sixteen  he  was 
apprenticed  to  the  trade  of  tinsmith  at  Homer, 
Xew  York,  and  afterward  aKo  learned  the 
trade  of  plumber  at  Cortland.  In  1882  he 
embarked  in  business  in  Cortland,  in  the  firm 
of  Bates  &  Hollister,  plumbers  and  tinsmiths, 
and  the  firm  continued  until  1885.  when  it  be- 
came Smith,  Kingsbury  &  Bates,  afterward 
Smith  &  Bates,  and  finally  T.  T.  Bates,  without 
a  partner.  In  1906  the  present  partnershi]) 
was  fcirmed,  under  the  name  of  T.  T.  Bates  & 
Son.  Mr.  Bates  has  been  very  successful  in 
business  and  is  counted  among  the  most  sub- 
stantial men  of  affairs  in  the  community.  He 
is  well  known  in  the  Masonic  fraternity,  in 
which  he  has  taken  the  thirty-second  degree. 
He  is  a  member  of  Cortlandville  Lodge,  l-"ree 
and  Accepted  Masons,  of  which  he  has  been 
worshi]iful  master:  of  Cortland  Cha])ter,  No. 
194,  Ro>al  Arch  Masons,  of  which  he  has  been 
high  priest;  of  Cortland  Commandery,  Xo.  50, 
Knights  Templar,  of  which  he  has  been  com- 
mander:  of  (Jtseningo  X'alley  Consistory,  of 
Binghamton,  and  of  Kalurah  Temple,  ^lystic 
Shrine,  of  Binghamton.  He  is  also  a  member 
of  the  Benevolent  and  Protective  Order  of 
Elks,  of  Cortland.  He  married,  in  1874. 
Theresa  C.  Carn.  of  Homer,  Xew  York,  born 
in  1855,  daughter  of  Edward  and  Mary  (  Hare  ) 
Carn.  Children,  born  in  Cortland:  .\rthur 
Earl,  mentioned  below;  Mabel  Irene,  died  in 

( \T  )  .\rthur  Earl,  .son  of  Theodore  Thom|i- 
son  Bates,  was  born  in  Cortland,  New  York. 
May  15.  1878,  and  educated  in  the  ])ul>lic 
schools  of  his  native  town  and  at  the  State 
Normal  School,  at  Cortland.  He  learned  the 
plumbing  business  in  the  employ  of  his  father. 
and,  in  igo6,  was  admitted  to  partnership. 
Since  then  the  business  has  been  conducted 
under  the  firm  name  of  T.  T.  P>ates  &  Son.  He 
is  a  member  of  Cortlandville  Lodge,  Eree  and 
Accepted  Masons ;  of  Cortland  Cha])ter,  Xo. 
194.  Royal  Arch  Masons  ;  of  Cortland  Com- 
mandery, Xo.  50,  Knights  Templar,  and  was 
raised  a  Mason,  exalted  to  chapter  and  knight- 
ed to  commanflery  by  his  father.  He  is  past 

He   married,    Eebruarv    12.    I90().   (irace   L. 

B)Ogardus,  of  near  Mason  City,  Iowa,  born 
June  26,  1885,  daughter  of  Seymour  and  Jessie 
(  Webster )  Bogardus.  Children  :  .Arthur  Sey- 
mour, born  July  2^.  1908:  Blanche  Bogardus, 
I'^eliruarv   S.   l<)tO. 

lie  fore  the  general  adoption  of 
D.V\  IS  surnames  in  Great  Britain  the 
Welsh  people  were  accustomed  to 
distinguish  those  bearing  the  same  Christian 
name  from  one  another  by  adding  the  father's 
name  with  a  possessive,  as  "Harry's,"  "David's" 
and  these  were  in  time  shortened  and  slightly 
varied,  thus  forming  the  very  fre(|uent  names 
among  those  peo])le.  of  Williams,  Jones,  Harris 
and  Davis.  The  family  whose  history  is  herein 
outlined  was  anioni^"  those  early  planted  in 
New  England,  and  has  furnished  citizens  to 
New  York  and  other  states,  who  have  been 
noted  for  energy,  probity,  ability  and  high 
moral  character.  There  were  numerous  Amer- 
ican immigrants  bearing  the  name  early  located 
in  northeast  Massachusetts.  Francis  Davis 
was  a  resident  of  An;esbury,  Massachusetts,  as 
early  as  1640.  James  Davis  was  in  Newbury 
before  that  date.  John  Davis  was  located  in 
I[)swich,  and  a  second  John  Davis  was  among 
the  early  residents  of  Newbury. 

(  I )  Dolor  Davis  was  the  ancestor  of  the 
very  numerous  family  which  has  been  down 
to  the  present  time  prominently  identified  with 
Massachusetts.  He  came  from  the  county  of 
Kent,  England,  although  undoubtedly  of  Welsh 
ancestry,  and  settled  first  at  Cambridge,  Mas- 
^achusetts.  wdiere  he  received  a  grant  of  land, 
Augu>t  4.  1634.  His  wife  and  three  children 
came  over  in  the  following  year,  accompanied 
by  her  brother.  General  Simon  Willard,  one 
of  the  fomiders  of  Concord  and  Lancaster, 
Massachusetts.  Dolor  Davis  was  a  carpenter 
and  builder  and  removed  from  Cambridge  to 
Duxburv,  where  he  was  admitted  a  freeman 
of  the  Plymouth  colony,  March  5,  1639.  He 
and  his  wife  were  dismissed  from  the  church  of 
Duxbury  and  joined  the  church  at  Barnstable, 
Massachusetts,  .\ugust  27,  1648.  He  had  a 
land  grant  in  Duxbury,  in  1640,  and  was  sur- 
veyor of  highways,  constable  and  a  member  of 
various  committees  in  Barnstable.  In  1655  he 
left  the  Plymouth  colony,  and  returning  to 
Massachusetts  purchased  one  hundred  and 
fifty  acres  of  land  in  Ci:incord.  Eleven  years 
later  he  returned  to  Barnstable,  where  he  died 
in  June.  1673.  Dolor  Davis  married  (first), 
in  England,  March  29,  1624.  Margery  Willard, 



who  was  baptized  Xovember  7,  1602,  at  Horse- 
monden,  Kent,  England,  and  died  prior  to 
1667.  She  was  the  daughter  of  Richard  Will- 
ard,  a  j'eomaii  of  Horsemonden.  His  will  made 
September  13,  1672,  mentions  his  second  wife 
Joanna,  and  states  that  his  sons,  Simon  and 
Samuel,  had  already  received  their  portions  of 
his  estate.  Children :  John,  of  Barnstable,  born 
in  England,  about  1626,  inherited  the  paternal 
homestead  ;  Mary,  born  in  England,  1631  ;  Eliz- 
abeth, born  in  England ;  Lieutenant  Simon, 
born  about  1638.  probably  in  Cambridge,  died 
in  Concord,  in  1713  ;  Samuel,  mentioned  below  : 
Ruth,  born  at  Barnstable.  March  24.  1645. 

(11)  Samuel,  third  son  of  Dolor  and  Mar- 
gery (VVillard)  Davis,  was  probably  born  in 
Concord,  Massachusetts,  in  which  town  he 
lived  and  died.  He  was  admitted  a  freeman, 
March  21,  i6go.  and  resided  in  that  part  of 
the  town  which  became  Bedford,  where  his 
homestead  has  continued  in  the  family  for 
many  generations.  It  is  located  on  the  edge 
of  the  river  meadow,  on  the  road  from  Con- 
cord to  Bedford,  and  the  gld  well,  which  is  still 
in  use.  is  believed  to  have  been  dug  by  Samuel 
Davis.  The  date  of  his  death  is  not  recorded, 
but  he  was  living  as  late  as  1714.  He  mar- 
ried (first),  January  11,  1666,  at  Lynn.  Mary 
Medow.  who  died  October  30.  17 10.  He  mar- 
ried (second).  October  18.  171 1.  Ruth  Taylor, 
who  died  August  16,  1720.  Children:  Mercy, 
died  in  her  second  year  ;  Samuel,  born  June  21. 
i6f)9,  resided  in  Bedford;  Daniel,  mentioned 
below;  Mary,  born  August  12,  1677,  married 
John  Stearns ;  Eleazer,  August  26,  1680,  re- 
sided in  Bedford;  Lieutenant  Simon,  July  9, 
1683,  was  one  of  the  most  prominent  citizens 
of  Rutland,  Massachusetts ;  Stephen,  March 
30,  1686,  resided  in  Bedford. 

(IH)  Daniel,  second  son  of  Samuel  and 
Mary  (Medow)  Davis,  was  born  March  26. 
1673.  in  Concord,  and  lived  in  that  town.  When 
tiie  new  town  of  Bedford  was  set  off,  in  1729. 
his  farm  was  included  in  that  town.  He  died 
February  10.  1741.  He  married.  July  27.  1698. 
Mary  Hubbard,  born  June  3.  1682,  daughter 
of  Jonathan  and  Hannah  (Rice)  Hubbard. 
Siie  married  (second)  Ebenezer  Staples,  of 
Mendon.  and  died  I-'ebruary  2.  1769.  Daniel 
Davis'  children:  Jonathan,  born  February  15. 
1700;  Daniel,  September  19,  1701,  lived  in 
Bedford;  Mercy,  November  11,  1703,  died  in 
her  sixth  year;  Ephraim,  January  27,  1706; 
Nathan.  March  31.  1708:  .Xmos,  April  18. 
1711;  Josiah.  July   k).   1713:   N'athaniel,  men- 

tioned below;  Mary,  April  4,  1719;  Ezra,  died 
two  months  old ;  Hannah,  diet!  thirteen  years 
old;  Mercy,  born  July  23.  1725. 

(IV)  Nathaniel,  seventh  son  of  Daniel  and 
Mary  (Hubbard)  Davis,  was  born  December 
3,  1715,  in  that  part  of  Concord,  now  Bedford, 
and  settled  in  Rutland,  Massachusetts,  where 
he  resided  several  years.  In  1763  he  was  one 
of  the  first  settlers  of  Rockingham,  Vermont, 
where  he  was  a  prominent  citizen,  being  a 
foundation  member  of  the  church  and  one  of 
the  donors  of  land  for  the  meeting-house  and 
cemetery.  He  died  there,  r)ctober  26,  1802. 
The  family  tradition  says  he  was  twice  mar- 
ried, but  record  of  only  one  marriage  can  be 
found.  This  was  in  Bedford,  April  16,  1741, 
the  bride  being  Susanna,  daughter  of  John  and 
Catherine  ( Whiting )  Lane.  She  was  born 
.April  8.  1720,  in  that  part  of  Billerica  now 
Bedford,  and  died  July  30,  1795.  One  family 
tradition  says  that  his  second  wife  was  Mary 
Lane,  born  1717.  C)nly  seven  children  are 
found  of  record,  the  first  four  born  in  Rutland. 
They  were;  Nathaniel,  died  young;  Susanna, 
born  March  26,  1743;  Hannah,  August  25, 
1745.  died  unmarried;  Levi.  May  20,  1753; 
Nathaniel,  1754,  married  Lydia  Harwood.  lived 
in  Rockingham ;  Joshua ;  John  Lane,  mention- 
ed below. 

(Y)  John  Lane,  son  of  Nathaniel  and  Sus- 
anna (Lane)  Davis,  was  born  November  8, 
1737.  possibly  in  Northfield,  Massachusetts, 
whence  the  family  tradition  says  he  removed 
to  Rockingham,  but  this  is  doubtful.  Per- 
haps he  was  born  in,  or  near  Rutland,  Massa- 
chusetts. He  was  a  soldier  of  the  revolu- 
tion and  a  ijensioner.  and  lived  in  Chester 
and  Rockingham.  X^ermont.  and  died  Decem- 
ber 29.  1839.  He  married,  in  Rockingham, 
I*"ebruary  28,  1 799.  Susanna  Lucius,  born  July, 
1762,  died  December  5.  i8(X),  in  her  ninety- 
ninth  year.  The  record  of  the  marriage  states 
that  he  was  a  resident  of  Chester  and  she  of 
Rockingham.  Children:  Ofa,  born  July  12. 
1800.  died  at  the  age  of  two  years;  John  Lane, 
mentioned  below  ;  Eri  Luther.  April  20.  1804, 
died  Se])tember  ifi.  1877;  Calvin  Emerson, 
June  15.  1806;  James  Warren.  May  4.  1809; 
Laura  A..  July  20.  t8ii  ;  Hiram  John.  August 
i(),  1813;  George,  May  3,  1815.  The  sixth  is 
not  recorded  in  Rockingham. 

(\T)  John  Lane  (2),  eldest  surviving  son 
of  John  Lane  (i)  and  Susanna  (Lucius) 
Davis,  was  born  June  2.  1802.  in  Rockingham. 
\'ermont.  died  in  Freeville.  New  York,    lanu- 



ary  15,  1886.  He  was  apprenticed  or  "bound 
out"  at  an  early  age,  to  a  "Parson"  Whiting, 
of  Rockingham,  Vermont,  with  whom  he  re- 
mained as  apprentice  boy  for  many  years, 
doing  chores,  working  on  the  grounds  and 
waiting  upon  the  master.  He  was  denied  the 
usual  advantages  given  to  New  England  boys 
in  the  w-ay  of  education,  and  was  allowed  to 
go  to  school  only  three  months  during  his  boy- 
hood. He  had  no  money  with  which  to  buy 
his  books,  but  he  tinally  procured  an  old  spell- 
ing book  and  then  quarried  out  a  slate  and 
rubbed  it  down  with  another  stone  to  give  it 
the  proper  surface.  Nevertheless  he  always 
seemed  to  be  well  educated — wrote  a  fine  hand  ; 
composed  and  spoke  grammatically ;  was  a 
natural  mathematician,  and  an  omnivorous 
reader,  and,  with  it  all,  was  blessed  with  a  very 
retentive  memory.  The  wages  of  young  men 
in  those  days  were  small,  but  he  used  to  boast 
that  between  his  twenty-first  and  twenty-fourth 
year  he  had  saved  up  the  sum  of  three  hun- 
dred dollars,  all  he  earned,  which  was  con- 
sidered a  fair  start  in  life.  He  followed  his 
sweetheart,  Mary  Boynton,  a  school  teacher, 
from  \'ermc)nt  -to  AIcLean,  New  York,  where 
he  worked  with  his  future  brother-in-law  at 
the  carpenter  trade.  During  the  early  part  of 
his  life  he  was  elected  to  the  office  of  constable, 
and  was  also  overseer  of  highways,  collector, 
etc.  He  was  noted  for  his  industry,  temper- 
ance and  public  s]Mrit.  He  was  also  a  man  of 
e.xceedingly  courteous  and  kindly  manners. 
which  he,  doubtless,  acquired  during  his  early 
training  in  New  England.  He  was  a  devoted 
Whig  and  a  constant  reader  of  the  Albany 
Weekly  Journal  and  the  New  York  Tribune. 
which,  with  him,  were  almost  household  gods. 
He  enjoyed  such  authors  as  Theodore  Parker, 
Dickens,  Thackeray  and  the  like.  His  admira- 
tion for  public  men  and  measures,  especially 
of  his  own  party,  was  always  in  evidence,  and, 
as  an  illustration  of  his  zeal,  wdien  word  was 
passed  around  that  Henry  Clay  was  to  speak 
at  the  State  Fair  at  Syracuse,  in  the  "forties," 
which  was  before  the  day  of  railroads,  this 
ardent  follower  of  the  Kentucky  statesman, 
although  at  a  busy  season  of  the  year,  drove 
from  his  home  to  Syracuse  during  the  night, 
some  fifty  miles,  reaching  the  city  in  the  morn- 
ing of  the  day  the  address  was  to  be  de- 
livered, attending  the  meeting  and  was  back 
to  his  fields  at  work  the  second  morning.  That 
trip  and  address  was  an  event  in  his  life.  He 
not  only  could  describe,  with  great  accuracy 

and  vividness,  the  appearance  of  the  noted 
orator,  but  could  repeat  almost  word  for  word 
the  address  that  he  delivered.  He  was  most 
skillful  and  thorough  in  all  his  duties  as  stock- 
man and  farmer,  and  was  most  highly  respect- 
ed by  all  his  friends  and  neighbors,  and  owned 
a  fine  farm  near  the  village  of  McLean,  New- 
York.  He  was  an  exceedingly  strong,  active 
man  until  he  was  taken  with  a  fatal  malady  at 
the  age  of  eighty-three.  He  married  Mary, 
daughter  of  Abraham  and  Betsey  (Marsh) 
Boynton,  in  1830.  Their  children  were:  Byron, 
Lucius,  Eliza,  George  B.  and  Mary.  A  me- 
morial window,  dedicated  to  him  and  his  wife, 
Mary  (Boynton)  Davis,  was  placed  in  the 
Universalist  church,  at  McLean,  by  his  family, 
in  the  year  1907. 

(  VII)  Lucius,  second  son  of  John  Lane  (2) 
and  Mary  (Boynton)  Davis,  was  born  July  30, 
1834,  in  McLean,  New  York,  and  now  (1911) 
resides  at  Cortland,  New  York.  He  was  a 
man  of  high  integrity  and  character  and  pos- 
sessed of  wonderful  fortitude  and  physical 
courage.  Many  incidents  of  his  life  would 
make  the  ground  work  of  a  thrilling  romance. 
His  early  life  around  McLean  was  uneventful. 
He  was  a  farmer  boy  until  early  in  1861.  He 
went  into  the  oil  region  of  western  Pennsyl- 
vania, just  then  developing,  and  located  at  Oil 
Creek.  His  opportunities  for  success  were  fast 
developing  when  Fort  Sumter  was  fired  on 
and  President  Lincoln  made  his  call  for  volun- 
teers. He  was  invited  to  join  an  Ohio  regi- 
ment being  raised  near  the  Pennsylvania  line, 
where  he  was  then  located,  but  preferred  to 
go  home  and  go  to  the  front  with  his  old 
friends  and  acquaintances,  who  were  then  en- 
listing. He  came  back  home  and  being  with- 
out any  political  influence  or  backing  that 
would  enable  him  to  become  an  officer,  he  en- 
listed, July,  1861,  as  a  private  in  the  Seventy- 
sixth  New  York  Volunteer  Infantry,  then  being 
organized  at  Cortland.  With  this  regiment  he 
left  for  the  front  in  January,  1862,  and  par- 
ticipated in  the  battles  of  Cedar  Mountain, 
Gainesville,  Second  Bull  Run,  South  Moun- 
tain, Antietam,  besides  minor  skirmishes,  dur- 
ing the  campaign  of  1862.  At  Gainesville  he 
was  wounded  in  the  left  breast,  a  wound  that 
would  have  been  fatal  but  for  the  fact  that  the 
bullet  was  jiartially  stopped  by  a  roll  of  blankets 
he  was  carrying  over  his  shoulder.  At  Sec- 
ond Bull  Run,  General  Doubleday's  brigade. 
of  which  the  Seventy-sixth  Regiment  was  a 
part,  was  in  an  exposed  position  in  a  ravine. 



confronted  by  a  large  part  of  tliu  Confederate 
army.  A  driver  of  an  ammunition  wagon  had 
brought  up  a  load  of  ammunition,  and  had 
been  shot,  together  with  the  lead  mule  of  the 
six  mule  team,  and  in  the  change  of  position 
this  wagon  was  between  the  two  lines  and  only 
a  short  distance  from  either,  on  a  field  being 
swe])t  constantly  by  bullets,  (jeneral  Double- 
day  riding  up  and  observing  the  position  of 
this  wagon,  and  realizing  that  he  was  about  to 
retreat  and  this  wagon  of  ammunition  would 
fall  into  the  hands  of  the  enemy,  called  for  a 
volunteer  soldier  to  go  with  a  member  of  his 
stafif  to  bring  back  that  w^agon  or  destroy  it. 
The  duty  was  one  of  great  danger  and  no  one 
could  be  blamed  for  holding  back,  but  Lucius 
Davis  stejiped  forward  and  volunteered  for  the 
service.  Leaving  his  gun  with  one  of  his  com- 
rades, he  went  with  the  officer  and  attempted 
to  bring  off  the  wagon  of  ammunition,  but 
with  the  lead  mule  killed,  the  others  were  un- 
manageable and  could  not  be  driven  or  led. 
While  engaged  in  trying  to  bring  back  the 
wagon,  the  Indlets  of  the  enemy  were  singing 
about  their  ears,  going  through  the  to])  of  the 
wag(jn  and  exposing  these  men  to  the  risk  of 
death  every  moment.  Learning  that  they  could 
not  bring  the  wagon,  they  built  a  fire  under  it, 
opened  some  boxes  of  powder  and  made  pre- 
parations to  explode  it.  The  enemv  then 
charged,  but  having  fired  the  train  the  two 
men  made  their  way  in  safety  to  their  own 
lines,  while  the  wagon  was  exploded  and  de- 
stroyed before  it  could  be  reached  by  the  Con- 
federates. .Again  on  the  same  day  when  one 
of  the  Union  batteries  had  opened  fire  on  the 
enemy  and  its  shells  were  falling  and  explod- 
ing in  this  ravine  where  the  regiment  lay  out 
of  sight.  General  Doubleday  again  called  for  a 
volunteer  to  go  up  on  the  hill  in  the  face  of 
the  Confederate  batteries'  fire,  and  give  the 
order  to  the  L'nion  battery  to  cease  firing. 
.Again  Lucius  Davis  volunteered  for  this  haz- 
ardous service,  and  made  a  run  up  the  hill,  ex- 
j)osed  to  exploding  shells  on  all  sides,  success- 
fully performed  his  mission  and  observing  that 
the  balance  of  the  army  had  retreated,  returned 
to  his  general  and  advised  him  that  his  support 
had  left  him  and  that  he  had  better  withdraw, 
which  he  did  at  once,  (ieneral  Doubleday  then 
said  to  him,  "You  are  a  brave  man. — come  to 
my  tent  to-night  and  1  will  see  what  I  can  do 
for  you."  But  in  the  retreat  there  was  no 
opportunity  to  see  the  general,  nor  did  he 
have  the  inclination  to  seek  out  jiromotion  or 

reward  for  the  service  he  had  performed. 
Nevertheless,  shortly  afterward  he  was  pro- 
moted to  be  orderly  sergeant  of  his  company 
by  the  colonel  of  the  regiment,  undoubtedly 
upon  the  recommendation  of  General  Double- 
day,  "for  bravery  and  strict  attention  to  busi- 
ness." and,  on  February  7,  1863,  he  was  com- 
missioned by  Governor  Seymour,  of  New  York, 
second  lieutenant,  with  rank  from  November 
II,  1862.  On  May  19,  1863,  he  was  commis- 
sioned first  lieutenant  in  Company  C,  Seventy- 
si.xth  Regiment,  by  Governor  Seymour,  as  a 
further  appreciation  of  his  gallantry.  At  the 
battle  of  South  ^Mountain,  which  was  fought 
largely  in  the  night,  while  on  the  firing  line,  a 
bullet  cut  the  rim  of  his  straw  hat  completely 
off  close  to  his  head.  .At  this  battle,  standing 
by  a  comrade,  IMell  Luther,  he  called  Luther's 
attention  to  a  Confederate  crawling  toward 
them  in  a  cornfield.  Luther  could  not  see  the 
approaching  enemy,  so  he  coolly  borrowed 
Luther's  gun,  took  careful  aim,  and  fired.  The 
crawling  ceased. 

In  the  campaign  of  1863  he  took  part  in  the 
battles  of  Fredericksburg,  Chancellorsville  and 
Gettysburg,  besides  other  minor  engagements. 
At  Fredericksburg  his  regiment  was  engaged 
in  throwing  up  a  fortification,  at  the  same  time 
being  exposed  to  the  fire  from  the  canon  of  a 
Confederate  battery,  and  with  the  shells  burst- 
ing around  them,  the  men  became  somewhat 
nervous  while  they  were  exj^osed.  The  canon 
were  at  such  a  distance  that  one  could  see  the 
puff  of  smoke  several  seconds  before  the  ball 
or  shell  would  reach  the  point  where  it  was 
directed.  Noticing  this  Lieutenant  Davis  told 
the  men  to  work  until  he  should  give  them 
warning:  so  standing  upon  the  exposed  en- 
trenchment, he  watched  the  batteries,  and 
when  he  saw  the  puff  of  smoke,  gave  warning 
and 'the  men  would  then  droji  into  entrench- 
ment out  of  danger,  while  he  remained  on  top 
coolly  pacing  back  and  forth,  without  taking 
any  precaution  for  his  own  safety. 

At  Gettysburg  the  Seventy-sixth  Regiment 
was  marching  in  front  of  the  First  Corps 
which  opened  the  battle,  and  Company  C,  com- 
manded by  Lieutenant  Davis,  was  marching  in 
front  of  this  regiment,  so  that  this  company 
opened  the  battle  of  Gettysburg,  firing  the 
first  shot.  They  had  marches  through  the 
town  and  deployed  in  battle  line  on  Seminary 
Ridtre.  where  in  an  open  field  they  made  a 
stand  in  the  face  of  the  advance  guard  of  the 
Confederate  armv.     A  Union  batterv.   which 



iiad  been  driven  in  from  some  advanced  posi- 
tion, came  tearing  back  through  the  Hne,  throw- 
ing the  men  of  this  company  and  the  regiment 
into  more  or  less  confusion,  but  they  were 
rallied  and  steadied  by  Lieutenant  Davis,  who 
closed  the  files  and  led  them  gallantly  into  the 
face  of  the  fire  of  the  enemy.  At  this  time, 
while  handing  a  gun  to  a  wounded  comrade, 
who  had  fallen,  and  who  was  likely  to  fall  into 
the  hands  of  the  enemy,  he  was  shot  through 
the  right  hand,  but  doing  tlfe  wound  up  with 
his  handkerchief,  and  placing  a  tourniquet  on 
his  wrist  and  fastening  it  with  a  stick,  which 
he  held  under  his  arm,  he  continued  in  com- 
mand of  his  company.  For  several  hours, 
fighting  against  tremendous  odds,  they  held 
their  line,  permitting  the  main  part  of  the 
L'nion  army  to  come  up  and  form  in  battle 
line  behind  them,  where  the  main  battle  was 
fought.  When  it  was  necessary  to  retreat 
Lieutenant  Davis  brought  his  men  back  in 
good  order  in  the  face  of  a  very  heavy  fire, 
with  men  dropping  all  around  him,  and  taking 
careful  pains,  as  guns  would  fall  from  their 
hands,  to  stop,  pick  up  the  gun  and  break  it, 
so  that  it  would  not  fall  into  the  hands  of  the 
foe.  For  a  part  of  the  distance,  when  the  fire 
was  heaviest,  and  it  appeared  that  no  man 
would  get  ofl^  in  safety,  he  marched  backward, 
•SO  that  if  he  fell  he  would  not  be  shot  in  the 

As  they  passed  through  (Gettysburg  he  took 
possession  of  a  house,  established  it  as  a  tem- 
porary hospital  and  directed  his  men  to  bring 
in  as  many  as  they  could  of  their  wounded 
comrades.  He  waited  here  until  he  saw  his 
brigade  colors  going  past,  and  then  realizing 
that  the  whole  line  was  in  retreat,  and  if  he  re- 
mained longer  he  would  be  captured,  he  gave 
some  last  directions  for  the  comfort  of  the 
wounded  soldiers  and  left  to  join  his  retreating 
comrades,  being  practically  the  last  man  to 
leave  the  city  before  it  was  occupied  by  the 

During  this  time  he  had  also  received  some 
injury  or  wound  in  his  left  leg,  below  the  knee, 
which  at  that  time  was  not  thought  to  be 
serious.  The  wound  that  he  received  in  the 
hand  before  noon,  was  not  dressed  until  after 
dark  at  night,  when  he  was  advised  by  the 
surgeon  that  his  hand  must  be  amputated.  He 
refused  to  submit  to  this  operation,  saying  that 
he  could  save  his  hand,  and  after  consulting 
his  regimental  surgeon  and  having  the  wound 
dressed  he  retired  with  some  other  officers  to 

a  farm  house,  near  R(iund  Top.  where  he 
watched  the  next  two  days  battle,  being  unable 
to  participate  and  being  compelled  to  go  with 
little  food  and  drink  and  no  care  until  after 
the  battle  was  over,  when,  with  three  other 
wounded  men,  he  employed  a  farmer  to  carry 
him  to  the  railroad  some  distance  away,  where, 
with  other  wounded,  he  got  into  a  freight  car 
and  went  to  Wilmington,  Delaware,  a  journey 
of  several  hours  without  food  and  care,  and 
was  then  transferreil  to  a  train  and  taken  to  a 
hospital  in  Philadelphia.  From  there  he  soon 
left  for  his  home,  where  he  might  be  cared  for 
by  his  mother  and  his  local  doctor,  and  was 
there  greeted  with  great  affection  by  his  family 
and  neighbors,  he  having  been  reported  in  the 
newspapers  among  those  killed  at  (Gettysburg. 
After  his  wounds  healed  he  attempted  to  re- 
turn to  the  war,  but  the  examining  surgeon 
declared  him  physically  unfit  and  reluctantly 
he  was  compelled  to  accept  a  discharge  on  No- 
vember 9,  1863.  He  subsequently  received, 
January  10,  1871.  in  consideration  of  his  dis- 
tinguished services,  a  commission  as  brevet 
major  from  Governor  Hoffman,  of  New  York. 
At  the  close  of  the  war  he  accepted  a  posi- 
tion as  superintendent  of  construction  of  tele- 
graph lines  along  the  Milwaukee  and  LaCrosse 
railroad,  in  Wisconsin.  This  was  a  country 
sparsely  settled  and  inhabited  by  a  tribe  of 
Indians,  which  caused  great  trouble  among  the 
settlers  by  thievery  and  acts  of  violence.  On 
one  occasion,  while  riding  along  the  Mississippi 
river,  on  the  Wisconsin  side,  he  stopped  over 
night  with  a  settler  who  had  a  wife  and  small 
babe.  During  the  night  the  house  was  attack- 
ed by  the  Indians,  who  broke  windows  and 
battered  down  the  door,  and  caused  the  set- 
tler, his  wife  and  Lieutenant  Davis  to  take 
refuge  in  the  loft  overhead.  In  the  darkness 
of  the  night  the  settler  was  lowered  from  the 
window  by  a  rope  taken  from  a  bed  by  Lieu- 
tenant Davis,  to  row  across  the  river  to  Win- 
ona, Minnesota,  for  help,  leaving  Lieutenant 
Davis  to  protect  the  woman  and  babe.  The 
Indians  raised  one  of  their  number  on  their 
shoulders  through  a  trap  door  in  the  floor  of 
the  loft,  but  when  he  grasped  the  sides  to  draw 
himself  up.  Lieutenant  Davis  seized  an  a.xe 
and  cut  his  fingers  oft',  causing  him  to  drop 
back.  Then  with  a  shotgun  and  a  revolver, 
which  he  had.  Lieutenant  Davis  opened  fire 
on  the  Indians  below  and  stootl  them  oft'  until 
the  settler  returned  with  help.  A  large  number 
of   Indians    were    captured    and    the    rescuers 



found  six  dead  Indians  in  the  lower  part  of 
the  cabin  who  had  been  shot  down  during  the 

He  returned  to  the  east  about  1868  and  re- 
ceived the  appointment  of  postmaster  of  the 
village  of  Marathon,  Cortland  county.  About 
1870  he  was  appointed  railway  mail  clerk  on 
the  Southern  Central  railroad,  taking  the  first 
mail  over  that  road,  and  was  subsequently 
transferred  to  a  similar  position  on  the  Erie 
railroad.  His  health  failing  in  1876  he  took 
up  farming  in  Virgil,  Cortland  county,  and  in 
the  town  of  Groton,  Tompkins  county,  until 
about  1892,  when  the  wound  in  the  left  leg, 
which  had  given  him  trouble  ever  since  the 
war,  became  so  serious  that  he  was  obliged  to 
have  the  leg  amputated  above  the  knee.  He 
then  retirecl  from  active  life,  moving  in  the 
fall  of  1892  to  Cortland,  where  he  has  since 

He  married,  September  2},,  1863,  Harriett 
Francis,  born  August  23.  1839,  in  Virgil,  New 
York,  daughter  of  Richard  and  Caroline 
(Gager)  Francis.  Children:  Leland  G.,  Row- 
land L.  and  Ralph  H. 

(V'HI)  Rowland  Lucius,  second  son  of 
Lucius  and  Harriett  (Francis)  Davis,  was 
born  July  10,  1871,  in  Dryden,  Tompkins  coun- 
ty, New  York.  His  early  life  was  spent  on  a 
farm  in  the  town  of  Virgil,  and  the  town  of 
Groton,  obtaining  a  preliminary  education  in 
the  district  schools  and  in  the  graded  school  at 
McLean.  Subsec|uently  he  attended  the  State 
Normal  School,  at  Cortland,  where  he  gradu- 
ated in  June,  1896,  and  entered  the  Cornell 
College  of  Law  the  following  September,  and 
graduated  with  the  degree  of  LL.  B.  in  June, 
1897,  having  completed  the  then  two  years 
course  in  one  year.  He  was  admitted  to  the 
bar  on  July  6,  1897,  '"I'l  began  the  practice  of 
his  profession  in  the  city  of  Cortland.  In 
1899  he  was  elected  police  justice  of  the  village 
of  Cortland,  which  office  was  subsequently 
made  that  of  city  judge,  when  Cortland  be- 
came a  city  in  1900,  in  which  year  he  was  re- 
elected, serving  until  January  i,  1903.  He 
has  continued  the  practice  of  his  profession 
in  the  city  of  Cortland,  as  a  member  of  the 
firm  of  Davis  &  Lusk.  taking  an  active  part 
in  mnnv  important  trials.  He  early  took  an 
active  interest  in  Republican  politics  in  Cort- 
land county,  and  was  secretary  of  the  Repub- 
lican county  committee  from  1898  to  1901, 
and  chairman  of  the  Republican  county  com- 
mittee in   1907-08-09,  and  has  been  frequently 

a  delegate  to  state,  judicial  and  other  district 

He  married,  June  15,  1905,  Iva  A.  Yager, 
of  Cortland,  daughter  of  Edwin  M.  and  Hattie 
(Hunt)  Yager,  born  January  2.  1883.  Their 
children  are:  Rowland  L.  (2),  born  August  3, 
1907,  and  Harriet  Iva,  May  2,  1910. 

John  Ingersoll,  immigrant 
INGERSOLL  ancestor,  was  born  in  Eng- 
'  land,  and  settled  early  at 
Hartford,  Connecticut.  Thence  he  went  to 
Northampton,  Massachusetts,  about  1655,  and 
later  to  Westfield,  but  finally  returned  to 
Northampton.  He  died  at  Westfield,  Septem- 
ber 3,  1684.  He  married  (first)  Dorothy, 
daughter  of  Thomas  Lord,  one  of  the  first  set- 
tlers of  Hartford,  about  1651.  She  died  at 
Northampton  in  January,  1657,  aged  about 
twenty-six  years.  He  married  (second)  Abi- 
gail, daughter  of  Thomas  Bascom,  one  of  the 
first  settlers  of  Windsor,  Connecticut,  where 
she  was  born  and  was  baptized  June  7,  1640. 
He  married  (third)  Mary  Hunt,  sister  of  Jon- 
athan Hunt,  of  Northampton,  about  1667. 
Mary  Hunt's  mother  was  Mary  Webster, 
daughter  of  John  Webster,  one  of  the  first 
settlers  of  Hartford,  and  fifth  governor  of  the 
colony  of  Connecticut.  Mary  Ingersoll  died 
at  Westfield.  September  i,  1690.  Children  of 
first  wife:  Hannah,  born  i6;2:  Dorothv,  1654; 
Margery,  January,  1656.  Giildren  of  second 
wife:  Abigail,  January  11,  1659;  Sarah,  Octo- 
ber 30,  1660:  Abiah.  Ausrust  24.  1663:  Hester, 
September  9,  1665.  Children  of  third  wife: 
Thomas,  Alarch  28,  1668:  John,  October  19, 
1669,  at  Westfield;  Abel,  November  11,  1671 ; 
Ebenezer,  October  15,  .1673;  Joseph,  October 
T^.  1671;:  Mary,  November  17,  1677;  Ben- 
jamin, November  15,  1679;  Jonathan,  men- 
tioned below. 

Jonathan,  son  of  John  Ingersoll.  was  born 
at  Westfield,.  May  10,  1681.  died  November 
28.  1760  ('srravestone).  In  1707  he  was  a  resi- 
dent of  ATilford.  Connecticut.  He  married,  in 
T7I2,  Sarah  Miles,  widow  of  John  Mi'es,  and 
daughter  of  Samuel  Newton,  of  Milford, 
'"•randdnusrhter  of  Robert  and  Mary  Newton. 
She  died  February  1.1,  T748,  in  the  sixty-sec- 
ond vear  of  her  atre.  Children  :  Jonathan,  men- 
tioned below;  Sarah,  born  Jime  t8.  1716,  died 
voung;  ]\Tarv,  December  14,  1718;  D.Tvid,  Sep- 
tember 4,  T72o;  Jared,  Tune  3,  1722;  Sarah. 

Rev.  Jonathan  (2)  InefersoU,  son  of  Tona- 
than  (i)  Ingersoll,  was  born  in  17T3,  at  Strat- 


12  = 

ford,  Connecticut.  He  graduated  at  Yale  Col- 
lege in  1736,  and  entered  the  ministry,  being 
licensed  by  the  Presbytery  of  New  Jersey,  at 
Elizabethtown,  February  18,  1736.  He  lived 
for  a  time  in  Newark,  New  Jersey,  and  was 
afterward  installed  as  pastor  of  the  Congre- 
gational church,  at  Ridgefield,  Connecticut, 
the  second  pastor  of  that  church.  He  was  a 
man  of  fine  mind  and  good  heart,  and  served 
his  parish  with  great  ability  and  fidelity  until 
he  (lied,  October  2,  1778,  in  the  fortieth  year 
of  his  ministry.  In  1758  he  was  chaplain  of 
the  colonial  troops  in  the  French  and  Indian 
war,  and  served  at  Lake  Champlain.  He  mar- 
ried, in  1740,  Dorcas,  daughter  of  Rev.  Joseph 
Moss,  of  Derby,  Connecticut.  She  died  No- 
vember 29,  181 1,  in  her  eighty-sixth  year.  Chil- 
dren: Sarah,  l)orn  October  28,  1741  ;  Dorcas, 
October  15,  1743;  Jonathan,  April  16,  1747; 
Mary,  December  20,  1748:  Mary  (2d)  ;  Abigail, 
May  2,  1751  ;  Joseph,  August  11,  1753;  Han- 
nah, April  9,  1756;  Esther,  August  10,  1760; 
Moss,  June  6,  1763:  Anne,  April  5,  1765. 

Jared,  brother  of  Rev.  Jonathan  (2)  Inger- 
soll,  was  born  June  3,  1722,  in  Alilford.  He 
was  graduated  from  Y'ale  College  in  1742,  and 
soon  afterward  settled  in  the  practice  of  law 
at  New  Haven.  In  1757  he  went  to  Great 
Britain  as  agent  of  the  colony,  receiving  a 
special  appointment  from  the  general  assem- 
bly of  Connecticut.  He  went  again  in  1764, 
and  was  appointed  stamp  master.  ,\t  that 
time  he  was  a  po]Hilar  and  influential  lawyer, 
but  the  indignation  against  the  .^tam])  Act  ex- 
tended to  the  official  in  charge  of  the  enforce- 
ment of  the  law  and  a  mob  assembled  and 
compelled  him  to  resign  his  office.  The  resig- 
nation was  dated  at  Wethersfield.  September 
ig,  1765.  In  1770  he  was  appointed  by  the 
Crown,  judge  of  the  vice-admiralty  court,  in 
the  middle  district  of  the  colony,  and  went  to 
Philadelphia  to  reside.  At  the  beginning  of 
the  revolution  he  returned  to  New  Haven,  and 
died  there.  He  earned  the  reputation  of  being 
one  of  the  ablest  and  most  eloquent  lawyers  of 
his  time.  He  was  of  open,  frank  and  engaging 
manner  and  very  successful  in  his  practice. 
He  married  (first)  Hannah  Whiting,  who  died 
in  1779,  daughter  of  Colonel  Whiting,  and 
granddaughter  of  Rev.  John  Whiting.  He 
married   (second),  in  1780,  Hannah  Ailing. 

(I)  Isaac  Ingersoll,  a  descendant  of  the 
Connecticut  family  mentioned  above,  was  born 
in  Connecticut.  He  settled,  after  the  revolu- 
tion, in  the  town  of  Pawling,  Dutchess  county. 

New  Y'ork,  where  he  was  living,  according  to 
the  first  federal  census  in  1790,  and  had  in  his 
family  two  males  over  sixteen,  one  under  that 
age,  and  two  females. 

(II)  Daniel  D.,  son  of  Isaac  Ingersoll,  was 
born  in  1787,  in  Connecticut,  and  removed 
with  the  family  to  New  Y'ork  state,  when  very 
young.  He  came  to  Cincinnatus,  New  York, 
about  1825,  among  the  first  settlers,  and  lived 
there  the  remainder  of  his  life.  He  died  there, 
March  8,  1857.  He  had  a  common  school  edu- 
cation and  learned  several  trades,  being  natur- 
ally skillful  with  all  sorts  of  tools.  He  was 
an  excellent  cabinet-maker,  and  an  expert  ma- 
chinist. For  many  years  he  operated  a  saw- 
mill, and  he  devised  the  first  successful  shingle- 
sawing  machine.  A  gifted  musician,  he  played 
the  violin  remarkably  well  and  made  many  ex- 
cellent violins,  He  married  Eunice  P>urton, 
born  in  1790,  died  at  Cincinnatus,  New  Y'ork, 
May  28,  1853,  daughter  of  Lewis  and  Lois 
Burton.  Children :  Stephen  Miles,  mentioned 
below,  and  Aman<Ia. 

(HI)  Stephen  Miles,  son  of  Daniel  D.  In- 
gersoll, was  born  in  Connecticut,  or  New  Y'ork, 
July  8,  1819,  and  moved  with  his  ]3arents  to 
Dutchess  county.  He  died  at  North  Pitcher, 
New  Y'ork,  May  14,  1899.  He  came  to  Cin- 
cinnatus in  childhood  with  his  parents  and  was 
educated  there  in  the  common  schools.  He 
learned  the  trade  of  painter  and  wagon  maker, 
and  for  many  years  had  a  wheelwright  and 
carriage  shop  at  Willet,  New  Y'ork.  He  lived 
some  years  in  Chenango  county,  and  later 
located  at  Taylor,  Cortland  county.  New  York. 
In  religion  he  was  a  Methodist;  in  politics  a 
Democrat.  He  married,  February  3.  1842, 
Betsey  Mericle,  of  Cincinnatus,  born  there 
May  I,  1822,  died  there  January  12,  190K 
Children:  David  Franklin,  born  February  8, 
1843.  settled  in  the  west;  Francis  Miles,  men- 
tioned below:  George  .Ylfred,  born  April  14, 
1847.  died  October  21,  1901  :  Adelbert  E.,  born 
June  18,  1849,  a  farmer  and  dealer  in  country 
produce;  Henry  DeWitt,  born  May  30,  1851,  a 
dealer  in  livestock  at  North  Pitcher,  New 

(IV)  Francis  Miles,  son  of  Stephen  Miles 
Ingersoll,  was  born  in  Willet,  New  York, 
February  22,  1845,  3id  was  educated  there  in 
the  public  schools.  He  began  to  work  in  his 
father's  carriage  shop  and  afterward  learned 
the  trade  of  carpenter,  working  at  that  trade 
until  1873,  when  he  came  to  Cortland,  New 
York,  in  the  employ  of  the  Cortland  Wagon 



•Company.  He  was  associated  with  this  con- 
•cern  in  various  important  relations  for  a  period 
of  twenty-three  years.  Since  1893  he  has  de- 
voted his  attention  to  his  private  affairs,  hav- 
ing extensive  real  estate  interests  in  Cortland 
and  elsewhere.  He  is  a  member  of  John  L. 
Lewis  Lodge,  Odd  Fellows,  of  Cortland ;  of 
the  Cortland  Encamjiment  and  Canton  Cort- 
land, and  of  Bright  Light  Rebekah  Lodge.  In 
religion  he  is  a  Congregationalist,  in  jjolitics  a 
Democrat.  He  married  (first).  1866,  Melissa 
Hinman,  of  Marathon,  died  in  1872,  daughter 
of  Lyman  Hinman.  He  married  (second), 
July  4,  1874,  Sarah  Hammond,  of  Marathon, 
daughter  of  Delos  and  Betsey  (Cleveland) 
Hammond.  Child  of  first  wife:  Lettie,  mar- 
ried John  Bowen,  of  Marathon.  Child  of  sec- 
ond wife:  Fred  ^L  D.,  born  October  23,  1877, 
employed  in  the  office  of  the  F'ilot  Generator 
Company,  in  the  Hudson  Terminal  Building, 
50  Church  street,  New  York  City ;  married 
Edith  Niyer.  of  Cortland,  and  has  one  son. 
Donald  B.,  born  July  12,  1904. 

Deacon  John  Warfield,  im- 
\\'.\RFIELD  migrant  ancestor  of  the  Mas- 
sachusetts family,  settled  first 
at  Dedhani,  and  later  at  Mendon,  Massachu- 
setts, in  1683.  He  resided  on  the  George  place, 
Mendon.  and  was  a  prominent  citizen,  deacon 
and  se.xton  of  the  church,  antl  the  first  school- 
master of  the  town.  He  married  (first)  Eliza- 
beth Sanford,  who  died  March  24,  1669;  (sec- 
ond) Pergrina ,  who  died  Ajiril  i,  1671  ; 

(third)  Hannah  Randall.  Children  of  first 
wife:  I.  John,  born  .August  20,  1662,  married 
Hannah ,  deeded  homestead  to  son  Sam- 
uel before  he  died,  providing  for  daitghter 
Mary,  and  mentioning  son  Elihu  in  the  deed. 
2.  Elizabeth.  .August  29.  i(^()S-  Children  of 
third  wife:  3.  Ithamar,  March  28,  1676  (an 
Ithamar  was  living  in  western  Massachusetts 
in  1790,  ])robably  a  grandson).     4.   Ephraim. 

October  4,  1679;  married  Hannah ,  and 

had  Samuel.  Eliphalet.  Hannah,  John,  Lydia, 
Experience.  Rachel  and  Ephraim,  as  shown  by 
the  will  of  F,li])halet  in  i74<;.  5.  Elihu,  men- 
tioned below.  6.  Mary,  at  Mendon,  .\pril  17. 
1685.     7.  Elizabeth,  March  8,  1688. 

(II )  h~lihu,  son  of  John  Warfield,  was  b"rn 
at  Dedham,  .\i)ril  27,  1682.  His  wife  Mary 
died  September  15.  1717,  and  he  married  (sec- 
ond) Sarah .   His  estate  was  distributed, 

in  1744,  to  widow  Sarah,  then  wife  of  William 
Sprague,  and  the  children,  as  follows  (by  first 

wife)  :  1.  Mary,  born  November  7,  1715;  niar- 
ritd  Jonathan  Hayward.  2.  Elizabeth,  .April 
29,  1717:  married  Eleazer  Carpenter,  of  Reho- 
both.  Children  of  second  wife:  3.  Elihu,  born 
October  24,  1722.  4.  Sarah,  October  5,  1724; 
married  John  Albee.  5.  Job,  July  7.  1726; 
married.  June  12,  1 75 1,  Huldah  Thayer. 

(III)  Josiah,  nephew  of  Elihu  \\'arfield, 
was  born  about  1720.  In  1774  Josiah  and  Job 
Warfield,  undoubtedly  cousins,  had  settled  in 
Charlemont,  Hampshire  county,  Massachu- 
setts, coming  with  other  settlers  from  Mendon 
and  vicinity  (see  "History  of  Charlemont"). 
The  names  of  his  grandchildren  indicate  a 
close  relationship  with  Elihu  Warfield.  As  he 
came  with  Job,  son  of  Elihu;  and  as  Elihu,  a 
son  of  John,  was  guardian  of  Job  when  he 
was  fourteen  years  old,  it  is  probable  that  Jo- 
siah was  son  of  John,  mentioned  above,  among 
the  children  of  the  immigrant.  The  records 
are  not  available  to  prove  his  parentage,  but 
his  place  in  the  family  is  not  to  be  doubted. 

(IV)  Joshua,  son  of  Josiah  \\'arfield,  was 
born  at  Mendon,  .April  15,  1737.  and  went  with 
his  father  to  Charlemont,  locating  in  the  por- 
tion now  known  as  the  town  of  Coleraine.  He 
was  a  soldier  in  the  revolution  from  Coleraine, 
in  Captain  Lawrence  Kemp's  comjiany,  Febru- 
ary 23  to  April  ID,  1777,  at  Ticonderoga ;  also 
a  fifer  in  Captain  .Valium  Ward's  company. 
Colonel  David  Wells'  regiment  ( Hampshire 
county),  from  September  22  to  October  18, 
1777,  and  was  at  the  taking  of  Burgoyne,  Sep- 
tember 23,  1777.  From  July  13  to  October  10, 
1780,  he  was  in  Captain  Isaac  Newton's  com- 
])any.  Colonel  S.  Murray's  regiment.  He  was 
on  a  descriptive  list  of  date,  .April  28.  1781, 
when  his  age  was  stated  as  twenty-three  years, 
liis  height  five  feet  five  inches,  and  complexion 
light,  a  farmer  by  occupation.  He  enlisted  for 
three  years,  and.  in  1782,  we  find  him  in  Cap- 
tain Noah  .Allen's  company,  Colonel  Joseph 
X'ose's  regiment,  at  Quarters  Y'ork  Hutts.  For 
five  years  or  more  he  was  almost  constantly 
in  the  army.  He  died  July  21.  1833.  He  mar- 
ried, Alarch  23.  1784.  Prudence  Buck,  born 
Novemlier  4,  1760,  died  June  7.  1833.  Chil- 
dren: I.  Betsey,  born  March  23,  1783.  2. 
(cisiah.  h>bruary  6,  1787.  3.  Sary,  November 
21,  1788.  4.  Joshua.  .August  10,  T790.  3. 
Job,  .April  21,  1792.  6.  Prudence,  .August  6, 
1794.  7.  Palmer.  May  23,  1796.  8.  Jerusha, 
June  8,  1798.  <).  Elihu.  .April  8.  1801.  10. 
Dorothea,  June  1,   1803. 

(\")   Joshua   (2),  son  of  Joslnia   (i)   War- 





field,  was  born  in  Coleraine,  August  lo,  1790, 
and  died  1870.  He  came  to  Xew  York  state 
in  1827,  and  settled  at  Groton.  Tompkins  coun- 
ty, driving  to  Albany  from  bis  former  home 
and  thence  coming  by  the  Erie  canal  to  Syra- 
cuse. Xew  York.  He  was  one  of  the  pioneers 
in  the  town  and  lived  there  the  remainder  of 
his  life.  He  married,  December  20,  181 5, 
Catherine  Thompson,  born  June  23,  1793,  died 
December  21,  1869,  daughter  of  Ste])hen 
Thompson,  who  was  a  soldier  in  the  revolu- 
tion. Children:  i.  William  Lyman,  burn  De- 
cember 2,  1816.  died  April,  1877.  2.  Thurber. 
January  29.  1818,  mentioned  below.  3.  Asa 
"H.,  December  14,  1819.  4.  Catherine.  July  29, 
1821,  died  August  22,  1845.  5-  Eliza  A..  July 
22,  1823.  6.  Samuel  N.,  December  8,  1826, 
died  September  29.  1857.  7.  Nancy,  h'ebruary 
26,  1829,  died  August  2^.  1835.  8.  I'hebe. 
born  September  3.  1836. 

(\'I)  Thurber,  son  of  Joshua  (2)  Warfield. 
was  born  in  Massachusetts,  at  Coleraine,  or 
vicinity.  January  29.  181 8.  died  at  Cortland. 
New  York.  September  17.  1900.  He  was  nine 
years  old  when  he  came  to  Xew  York  with  his 
parents,  and  he  lived  at  Groton.  Tompkins 
county,  until  1857,  and  was  educated  there  in 
the  public  schools.  All  his  life  he  was  a  farmer. 
After  1857  he  made  his  home  at  Cortland.  New 
York.  In  politics  he  was  a  Whig,  and  in  later 
years  was  a  great  admirer  and  earnest  follower 
of  Horace  Greeley,  the  great  editor  of  the 
Neiv  York  fribiinc,  from  the  time  it  was 
founr'ed  until  he  died.  The  only  time  he  voted 
anv  other  than  the  Republican  ticket,  after  the 
Republican  party  was  founded,  was  when 
Greeley  himself  was  candidate  for  President 
on  the  Democratic  ticket.  In  religion  he  was 
liberal  in  his  views  and  belonged  to  no  denomi- 
nation. He  married  (first),  November  26. 
1840,  Rhoda  Little,  born  in  Tompkins  coimty. 
September  3,  181 7,  died  July  12,  1874,  daugh- 
ter of  Rarzilla  and  Hepsibah  (Howe)  Little. 
He  married  (second)  Lucy  A.  (  Perigo )  War- 
field,  widow  of  William  L.  Warfield,  and  she 
survives  him.  Children,  all  by  first  wife:  1. 
Hepsy,  died  in  childhood.  2.  Hepsy  Catherine, 
born  November  6.  1843.  "^I'^fl  April  23.  1880; 
married,  January  i,  1861,  George  D.  Calkins, 
who  died  December  22.  1883.  3.  Elbert  Joshua, 
mentioned  below. 

(VH)  Elbert  Joshua,  son  of  Thurber  War- 
field,  was  born  in  Groton,  Tom]3kins  county. 
New  York,  March  27,  1833.  He  was  but  two 
years  old  \vhen  the  family  came  to  Cortland. 

and  he  attended  the  district  schools  there  and 
the  Cortland  Normal  School.  He  worked  at 
farming  in  his  boyhood  and  for  three  years 
after  leaving  school,  and  then  for  three  years 
engaged  in  the  manufacture  of  butter  and 
cheese.  While  in  the  west  he  learned  the  trade 
of  brick  mason  and  followed  it  for  four  years, 
returning  to  Xew  York  state  in  1882,  and  for 
a  short  time  he  was  employed  at  his  trade  in 
Syracuse.  In  1884  he  came  to  Cortland  again, 
and  in  partnership  with  D.  C.  Reers,  under  the 
firm  name  of  Beers  &  Warfield,  engaged  in  the 
business  he  has  since  followed  as  a  mason  and 
contractor.  The  firm  has  had  the  contract  for 
mason  work  on  many  of  the  business  buildings 
and  manufacturing  plants  in  the  city  of  Cort- 
land, such  as  the  great  Wickwire  plant,  the 
Cortland  Wagon  Company,  the  Garrison  Block, 
the  Cortland  House,  the  Wallace  Block.  In 
their  line  of  trade  the  members  of  this  firm 
stand  among  the  foremost  in  the  city.  Mr. 
Warfield  was  trustee  of  the  incorporated  vil- 
lage of  Cortland  for  four  years,  and  has  also 
been  on  the  board  of  fire  commissioners  and 
the  board  of  ]iolice  commissioners  of  the  city. 
He  is  a  member  of  \'esta  Lodge.  ( )dd  P'ellows. 
He  married,  (Jctober  3,  1883.  Flva  F.  Town- 
lev,  born  at  McLean.  Xew  York.  .November 
in.  i8sc).  daughter  of  Lucius  anil  (  )ctavia 
(Marsh)  Townley.  Her  father  was  born  at 
Ludlowville.  Tompkins  county.  Xew  York. 
February  7.  1822.  son  of  Smith  T<iwnley.  who 
liverl  in  Pennsylvania.  Charles  Townley.  father 
of  Smith  Townley.  was  born  in  1762.  and 
served  in  the  revolutionary  war.  Effingham 
Townley.  father  of  Charles  Townley.  was  born 
in  1729,  and  married  Jemima  Earle.  Richard 
Townley,  father  of  Effingham  Townley,  set- 
tled in  Elizabeth,  New  Jersey.  Xicholas  Town- 
ley,  father  of  Richard  Townley.  died  in  1687, 
aged  seventy-six  years.  The  ancestry  of  the 
Townley  line  in  England  has  been  traced  to 
the  year  1473.  Children  of  Mr.  and  Mrs. 
\A'arfield:  i.  Louise,  born  July  7.  1887;  mar- 
rieil.  December  13.  i^jcx).  Jose])h  F.  Twenty- 
man,  electrician  of  Cortland.  2.  Claude  Town- 
ley,  born  September  2.  1893.  ,3-  Mildred  lone, 
born  December  13.  1896. 

The  P>eers  family  a]5pears  to  have 
BEERS     originated  in  the  parish  of  West- 

cliffe.  countv  of  Kent.  England,  at 
a  place  called  Bere"s  of  lever's  Court.  William 
de  Bere.  of  liere's  Court,  was  bailiff  of  Dover 
about    1273.   and    Xicholas   de    Bere  held   the 



Manor  of  Bere's  Court  in  the  twentieth  year 
of  the  reign  of  Henry  III.  Of  this  family  was 
Roger  Byer,  or  Bere,  who  died  in  the  reign  of 
Queen  Alary.  In  1542  his  son  John  purchased 
the  Horsman  Place,  in  Dartford,  said  to  have 
been  a  mansion  of  some  note.  In  his  will, 
dated  1572,  John  Beer  founded  four  ahns- 
houses  in  Dartford,  and  devised  his  mansion 
to  his  eldest  son  Henry.  His  grandson,  Ed- 
ward Beer,  died  unmarried  in  1627,  bequeath- 
ing Horsman  Place  to  John  Twistleton,  of 

(I)  Martin  Beer,  or  Bere,  of  Rochester,  is 
the  first  ancestor  to  which  the  American  fam- 
ily can  be  traced  in  an  unbroken  line.  He  was 
living  in  Rochester,  county  Kent,  in  i486; 
married  a  daughter  of  Thomas  Nyssell,  of 
Wrotham,  England. 

(II)  John  Beer,  son  of  Martin  Beer,  or 
Bere,  married  Faith,  daughter  of  John  Roy- 
den,  of  Rochester,  and  had  James  and  Mary. 

(III)  James  Beer,  son  of  John  Beer,  mar- 
ried Dorothy,  daughter  of  John  Kingswood, 
gentleman,  of  Rochester,  and  had  two  sons, 
John  and  James. 

(IV)  John  (2)  Beer,  son  of  James  Beer, 
lived  at  Gravesend ;  married  Mary,  daughter 
of  Robert  Selby,  of  Yorkshire.  Children : 
John ;  Samuel ;  Richard,  known  as  captain, 
born  1607,  came  to  America  in  1635,  and  locat- 
ed at  Watertown,  Massachusetts,  represented 
his  town  in  the  general  court  tliirteen  years, 
commanded  a  company  in  the  Pe(|uot  war  and 
was  slain  by  Indians  near  Xorthfield,  Septem- 
ber 4,  1675  ;  James,  mentioned  below  ;  Mary. 

(V)  James  (2)  Beer,  son  of  John  (2)  Beer, 
of  Gravesend,  was  a  mariner  and  died  before 
1635.  His  widow  Hester  died  in  1635,  and  in 
the  same  year  their  two  sons,  Anthony  and 
James,  accompanied  their  uncle,  Richard  Beers, 
to  America.  James  located  in  Fairfield,  Con- 
necticut, in  1657,  and  purchased  a  house  and 
lot  in  1659,  and  another  lot  in  1661,  in  Green- 
field. He  was  admitted  a  freeman  in  1664.  He 
died  in  1694.  Anthony,  the  other  son,  is  men- 
tioned below. 

(VI)  Anthony  Beers,  from  whom  most  of 
the  Connecticut  families  of  this  surname  are 
descended,  son  of  James  (2)  Beers,  was  born 
at  Gravesend,  England.  He  came  to  Water- 
town,  Massachusetts,  with  his  uncle,  Richard 
Beers,  and  took  the  freeman's  oath  there.  May 
6,  1657.  He  then  removed  to  the  adjacent 
town  of  Roxbury,  and,  in  1658,  to  Fairfield, 
Connecticut.     He  was  a  mariner,  and  was  lost 

at  sea  in  1676,  his  widow  Elizabeth  surviving 
him.  Children :  Samuel,  born  at  Watertown, 
May  9,  1647,  died  young;  Ephraim,  July  5, 
1648;  John,  mentioned  below;  Esther,  October 
16,  1654;  Samuel,  May  2,  1657,  died  aged  four 
months;  Barnabas,  September  6,  1658;  Eliza- 
beth, April,  1661,  at  Fairfield. 

(VII)  John  (3),  son  of  Anthony  Beers, 
was  born  at  Watertown,  Massachusetts,  Janu- 
ary 20,  1652.  He  was  a  soldier  and  was  severe- 
ly wounded  in  King  Philip's  war,  December 
19-  1675,  took  part  in  the  Xarragansett  fight, 
and  died  soon  afterward.  He  joined  the  church 
at  Stratford,  Connecticut.  About  1667  he 
bought  a  house  lot,  "bounded  east  by  the  street, 
west  by  the  burying  place,  south  by  a  highway 
four  rods  wide,  and  north  on  the  common 
land."  That  highway  now  leads  to  the  Strat- 
ford Congregational  burying-ground.  He  and 
his  wife  had  but  one  child  recorded,  Samuel, 
mentioned  below. 

(VIII)  Samuel,  son  of  John  (3)  Beers, 
was  born  November  9,  1679,  "died  at  Newtown, 
March  12,  1725.  He  married,  in  1706,  Sarah, 
daughter  of  Samuel  and  Mary  (Titharton) 
Sherman,  the  latter  a  daughter  of  Daniel  and 
Jane  Titharton.  Children :  Mary,  born  July  9, 
1708,  in  Stratford;  John,  September  i,  1710; 
Samuel,  June  26,  1712;  Daniel,  November  23, 
1714;  Abraham,  at  Newtown;  Nathan,  men- 
tioned below;  Hannah,  May,  1722;  Abigail, 
April  17,  1724. 

( IX )  Nathan,  son  of  Samuel  Beers,  was 
born  at  Newtown,  Connecticut,  February  10, 
1719,  and  followed  the  trade  of  blacksmith  in 
his  native  town  and  at  Norwalk.  He  died  June 
18,  1805,  and  his  wife,  Lydia  (Hawley)  Beers, 
died  June  30,  1776,  aged  seventy-one.  Chil- 
dren :  Nathan ;  Ebenezer,  mentioned  below ; 
Samuel.  Lydia,  Hannah,  Abijah,  Ezekiel, 
Sarah,  Abigail,  Mary,  Anna  and  Esther. 

(X)  Ebenezer,  son  of  Nathan  Beers,  was 
born  about  1740,  in  Norwalk  or  vicinity.'  He 
settled  in  Minisink,  Orange  county.  New  York. 
According  to  the  census  of  1790  he  had  two 
sons  (three  males)  over  sixteen,  one  under 
sixteen  and  two  females  in  his  family. 

(XI)  A  son  of  Ebenezer  remained  in 
Orange  county.  Among  his  children  were  John  ; 
Joseph,  mentioned  below;  Irene  and  Rebecca. 

(XII)  Joseph,  son  of  Beers,  came 

from  Orange  county.  New  York,  and  settled 
in  Cortland,  New  York,  where  he  died,  aged 
sixty-seven  years.  For  many  years  he  follow- 
ed his  trade  as  brick  mason,  at  Cortland,  and 



for  about  twenty  years  he  followed  farming. 
He  married  Mehitable  Winters,  of  Long  Island, 
who  died  February  19,  1873,  aged  sixty-one 
years.  Children  :  John,  Jonas,  Elmira  ;  David 
Clark,  mentioned  below  ;  Charles  F.  and  Henry. 

(XIH)  David  Clark,  son  of  Joseph  Beers, 
was  born  in  Middletown,  Orange  county,  New 
York,  December  21,  1843,  ^"'^l  came  with  his 
parents  to  Cortlandville,  New  York,  when  he 
was  four  years  old,  and  received  a  common 
school  education  there.  He  enlisted,  October 
4,  1861,  in  Company  A,  Seventy-sixth  Regi- 
ment, New  York  Infantry,  and  served  until 
September  i,  1865,  when  his  company  was 
mustered  out,  at  the  close  of  the  civil  war.  His 
company  was  in  the  Army  of  the  Potomac,  and 
he  took  part  in  the  second  battle  of  Bull  Run, 
the  battles  of  Gettysburg,  Cedar  Moimtain, 
Chancellorsville,  and  all  the  other  engagements 
in  which  his  company  participated.  He  was 
wounded  at  Bull  Run  and  (iettysburg.  At  the 
close  of  the  term  of  his  enlistment  Mr.  Beers 
returned  to  Cortland,  learned  the  trade  of 
mason  and  worked  at  it  a  number  of  years. 
In  18S4  he  formed  a  partnership  with  E.  J. 
Warfield,  a  sketch  of  whom  appears  elsewhere 
in  this  work.  The  firm  of  Beers  &  Warfield 
prospered  from  the  first  and  has  done  a  large 
share  of  the  business  in  its  line  as  contractors 
and  builders  in  the  city  of  Cortland.  Many  of 
the  business  buildings,  mills,  factories,  hotels 
and  residences  have  been  built  by  this  firm. 
Mr.  Beers  served  the  village  corporation  for 
two  years  as  trustee,  before  Cortland  was  in- 
corporated as  a  city.  He  is  a  member  of 
Grover  Post,  Grand  Army  of  the  Republic,  of 
which  lie  is  past  commander. 

He  married,  in  1871,  Helen  M.  Wadsworth, 
born  in  Homer,  April  26,  1851,  daughter  of 
Ela  and  Amanda  (Howe)  Wadsworth  (see 
Wadsworth  VIII).  Children:  Carrie,  died  in 
childhood;  Harry,  born  January  11,  1878,  a 
mason  by  trade;  Gertrude,  died  aged  twelve 
years;  William,  born  March  22,  1884,  mar- 
ried Catherine  Dugan,  of  Binghamton,  New 
York;  Lena,  October  19,  1888.  married  John 
M.  Smith,  of  Syracuse,  New  York. 

(The    Wadsworth    Line). 

The  surname  Wadsworth  is  derived  from 
the  Anglo-Saxon  words  Waldes-worth,  mean- 
ing Wood's  Court,  and  from  very  ancient  times 
has  been  in  use  in  Yorkshire,  England,  where 
it  is  still  common.  The  surname  Walworth 
had  the  same  origin.  The  only  coat-of-arms 

of  Wadsworth  is  of  the  Yorkshire  family,  and 
is  described :  Gules,  three  fleurs-de-lis,  stalked 
and  slipped,  argent.  Two  immigrants  of  the 
family,  probably  sons  of  Thomas  Wadsworth, 
came  from  England  to  America  in  the  early 
settlement,  Christopher,  William,  mentioned 
below.  The  Bible  that  Christopher  brought 
with  him  is  still  preserved  in  the  Cowler  fam- 
ily of  Hartford.  He  settled  in  Duxbury,  Mas- 
sachusetts, and  became  a  prominent  citizen. 

(  I )  William  Wadsworth  came  with  his 
brother  Christopher  in  the  ship  "Lion,"  land- 
ing at  Boston,  Sunday,  September  16,  1632, 
after  a  voyage  of  twelve  weeks.  It  is  believed 
that  he  was  here  earlier  and  had  returned  to 
England.  He  was  born  about  1600.  He  was 
admitted  freeman  of  Massachusetts  Bay  Col-  - 
ony,  November  6,  1633.  He  settled  in  Cam- 
bridge, and  when  the  town  was  organized  was 
elected  to  the  first  board  of  selectmen,  and 
served  in  1634-35.  From  Cambridge  he  came 
to  Hartford,  Connecticut,  in  the  Hooker  com- 
pany, and  lived  there  the  remainder  of  his 
days.  He  died  in  1675.  He  was  among  the 
more  wealthy  and  substantial  proprietors  of 
the  town.  He  was  collector  in  1637;  select- 
man, 1642-47,  and  active  in  church  and  state 
affairs.  His  home  lot  was  co-extensive  with 
the  present  scjuare  bounded  by  Asylum,  Trum- 
bull and  West  Pearl  streets,  and  the  road  to 
the  river,  and  continued  in  the  family  imtil 
1773.  when  it  went  into  the  hands  of  George 
and  William  Burr,  relatives.  He  married  (sec- 
ond) Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Rev.  Samuel 
Stone.  Children  of  first  wife:  Sarah,  married 
John  Wilcox;  William,  died  in  infancy;  Mary, 
married  Thomas  Stoughton ;  John,  mentioned 
below.  Children  of  second  wife:  Elizabeth, 
1645;  Samuel,  1646;  Joseph,  captain,  immor- 
talized in  history  by  his  exploit  in  hiding  the 
colonial  charter  in  the  Charter  Oak ;  Sarah, 
1650;  Thomas,  1651  ;  Rebecca.  1656. 

(II)  John,  son  of  William  Wadsworth,  was 
born  in  Hartford.  He  was  an  early  settler  of 
Farmington,  Connecticut,  where  he  lived  until 
his  death,  in  1659.  He  was  one  of  the  most 
prosperous  and  influential  citizens.  In  1669 
of  eighty-four  taxable  estates  his  was  third, 
with  a  valuation  of  one  hundred  and  eighty- 
three  pounds.  He  was  sergeant  of  the  mili- 
tary company,  and  member  of  what  was  later 
called  the  state  senate.  He  was  present  when 
his  brother.  Captain  Joseph  Wadsworth,  con- 
cealed the  charter.  He  married  Sarah  Stanley, 
also    born    in    Hartford,    who    survived    him. 



Children :  Sarah,  born  1657 ;  Samuel.  1660, 
mentioned  below:  John,  1662;  Mercy,  1665; 
William,  1671  ;  Nathaniel  (twin),  1677;  James 
(twin),  1677;  Thomas,  if)8o;  Hezekiah,  1^183. 

(  III  )  Samuel,  son  of  John  Wadswcjrth.  was 
born  in  1060,  in  Farniington,  Connecticut.  In 
1699  and  171 1  he  represented  the  town  in  the 
general  assembly,  and,  in  1713,  he  was  a  lieu- 
tenant in  the  militia.  He  married,  at  Farming- 
ton,  in  i68y,  Hannah  Judson.  Children,  born 
at  Farniington:  Hannah.  1693:  Sarah,  1695; 
Samuel,  mentioned  below. 

( I\' )  Samuel  (  2 ),  son  of  Samuel  (  i  )  Wads- 
worth,  was  born  in  Farniington,  in  1689,  died 
there,  in  1745.  He  married  (first),  in  1728, 
Susanna  Fenn,  who  died  in  1732,  and  (sec- 
ond), in  1737,  Rebecca  Porter.  Child  of  first 
wife:  James,  born  1729.  Children  of  second 
wife:  Samuel,  mentioned  below  ;  Asa,  married, 
at  Tyringham,  Massachusetts.  February  19, 
1761,  Sarah  Hill:  Hannah. 

(\')  Samuel  (3),  son  of  Samuel  (2)  Wads- 
worth,  was  born  at  Farniington,  and  settled 
with  his  brothers  at  Tyringham.  He  was  a 
soldier  in  the  revolution,  in  Captain  Ezekiel 
Herrick's  company.  Colonel  Brown's  regiment 
(Berkshire  county),  from  Tyringham,  June 
29  to  Julv  21.  1777,  reinforcing  the  northern 
army.  lie  married  Thankful .  Chil- 
dren, born  at  Tyringham :  Reuben,  mentioned 
below:  Susanna  and  Ezekiel  (twins),  June  7, 
1767;  Silas,  May,  1770:  Sarah,  May  23  or 
June  15,  1773;  Amos  and  James,  September 
30,  1775  (twins). 

(\T)  Reuben,  son  of  Samuel  (3)  Wads- 
worth,  was  born  at  Tyringham,  Massachusetts, 
December  6,  1762,  died  in  1837.     He  married 

Rtith  .     Chililren,  born  at  Tyringham: 

Electa,  born  1784,  married  Gideon  Hobart : 
.Archibald,  mentioned  below:  Berenice,  1793; 
Sylvester;  Samuel  F..  born  1798. 

(VH)  .Archibald,  son  of  Reuben  Wads- 
worth,  was  born  at  Tyringham,  in  1787,  died 
in  1873.  He  settled  at  Homer,  New  York,  and 
became  a  prominent  and  respected  farmer  of 
that  town.  He  was  a  member  of  the  Congre- 
gational church.  He  married  Eunice  Main, 
who  (lied  in  1872,  aged  seventy-nine  years. 
Children,  born  at  Homer:  Manly,  born  1817; 
Ela,  mentioned  below ;  Waty  jane,  married 
Erastus  Goodell ;  Electa,  1831,  married  Syl- 
vester Kinney. 

(\'Ul)  Ela.  son  of  .-Xrchibald  Wadsworth, 
was  born  in  Homer,  New  York,  in  1826.  He 
was  a   f;irnuT  in  Cortland  all   his  active  life. 

He  married,  in  1847,  .\nianda  Howe.  Chil- 
dren: Alvea  A.,  born  1849,  died  1863;  Helen 
M.,  i8si,  married  David  C.  Beers  (see  Beers 
.XllI):  William  H.,  i8s2,  died  1861  :  Harvey 
F,.,  1856,  died  1858:  Myron  H.,  1858,  died 
iS(n  :  ^lary  L.,  1861,  married  George  T.  Latti- 
nier ;  Clark  H.,  1863.  married  Estella  Fierce : 
Marvin  W..  1866,  married  Xenia  Doran  ;  Mil- 
ton E.,  1869. 

The  family  of  Edgcomb  is  a 
EDCiCr)Mr>  very  old  and  distinguished 
family  in  Devonshire,  Eng- 
land, and  has  been  settled  in  the  parish  of  Mil- 
ton Abbot  from  a  remote  period.  Certain  old 
documents  relative  to  them  are  written  in  the 
Norman-F"rench,  and  in  them  the  name  ap- 
pears as  "de  Eggescombe."  In  the  mansion 
of  the  elder  family  there  is  an  inscription  on 
an  old  gateway  dated  "R.  E.."  1292.  Th.» 
name  was  derived  from  the  seat  and  is  spelled 
variously  in  old  documents  as  Eggescombe, 
F^dgescombe,  Edgecomb  and  Edgecumbe. 

(  I )  John  Edgcomb,  immigrant  ancestor, 
was  the  son  of  Nicholas  Edgecomb,  of  Plym- 
outh. England,  and  is  supposed  to  have  set- 
tled first  in  Kittery,  Maine,  as  early  as  1640. 
A  Nicholas  Edgecomb,  probably  the  father  of 
[olin,  was  instnnnental  in  establishing  a  settle- 
ment on  Casco  Bay,  and  visited  it  in  1658. 
John  Edgcomb  did  not  remain  permanently  in 
Kittery,  but  removed  to  New  London,  Con- 
necticut, where  he  settled  about  1673.  He  re- 
ceived a  grant  of  land  through  the  Connecti- 
cut assembly  in  1663.  His  estate  consisted  of 
a  "homestead  in  the  town  plot  and  two  con- 
siderable farms."  He  married  (first),  Febru- 
ary 9,  1673.  Sarah,  daugliter  of  Edward  Stal- 
li(jn.  He  married  (second)  Elizabeth,  widow 
of  Joshua  Flempstead.  Children:  John,  born 
November  14,  1675:  Sarah,  July  29,  1678: 
Joanna,  March  3,  1679 :  Nicholas,  January  2^. 
1681-82:  .Samuel,  1689;  Thomas,  mentioned 

(H)  Thomas,  son  of  John  Edgcomb,  was 
born  1694.  in  New  London,  and  settled  in 
Norwich  before  1720.  He  married  (first) 
Catherine  Copp.  He  married  (second)  Esther 
Post.  The  latter  survived  him  but  a  few 
months.  While  on  her  way  to  New  London, 
she  was  thrown  from  her  horse  and  severely 
hi'rt.  She  lived  for  two  weeks  in  great  agony, 
and  though  the  best  medical  skill  was  eni- 
jiloyed.  she  died  May  20,  1746,  at  the  age  of 
forty.      He   died    in    Norwich.    September    16, 



1745.  Children  of  first  wife:  Thomas,  died 
in  Norwich,  April  29,  1755;  John,  was  in  the 
expedition  against  Cape  Breton,  and  died  there 
after  the  surrender  in  1746,  aged  twenty:  Jon- 
athan, a  seaman  by  occupation,  taken  by  a 
Spanish  privateer  August  3,  1752,  carried  U> 
Spain,  and  imprisuned  there  for  several  months, 
he  escaped  and  reached  a  h'rench  port  in  safety, 
worked  his  passage  to  England  on  an  English 
vessel,  but  was  seized  by  a  press  gang  and 
forced  on  board  a  man-of-war;  after  a  year's 
service  he  again  escaped,  and  finally  reached 
home.  November  30,  1754,  is  said  to  have 
settled  in  \'ermont ;  Samuel,  mentioned  below. 

(III)  Samuel,  son  of  Thomas  Edgcomb, 
was  born  1730,  and  married,  ^lay  7,  1752, 
Dorothy  Smith,  of  Groton,  Connecticut.  He 
settled  there,  and  was  by  trade  a  cabinet- 
maker, also  a  farmer.  He  was  an  important 
member  of  the  society  for  the  prcjpagation  of 
the  gospel  in  foreign  parts.  He  was  deacon 
of  the  First  Presbyterian  Church,  vestryman 
or  warden  from  17(15  to  17^17,  and  a  man  of 
great  worth.  He  died  August  14,  1795,  and 
his  wife,  Januar}-  14,  1813,  aged  eiglity-four. 
Children:  Katherine.  born  March  8,  1753.  died 
March  14,  1759:  Dorothy,  December  8,  1754: 
David,  June  8,  1756;  Elizabeth,  January  15, 
1758;  Samuel,  February  28,  1760:  Gilbert. 
March  3,  1762,  mentioned  below:  Jabez.  Octo- 
ber 6,  1763:  Hannah,  May  27,  1765:  Thomas. 
June  29,  1767;  Asa,  April  14.  1772,  died  Sep- 
tember 4,  1774. 

(IV)  Gilbert,  son  of  Sanniel  ICdgcunib,  was 
born  March  3,  1762,  and  married,  June  21. 
1790,  Lucy  AUyn,  of  North  (iroton.  Connecti- 
cut, now  Ledyard.  He  removed  thence  to 
Broughton,  where  his  children  were  born.  He 
was  a  soldier  of  the  revolution,  and  enlisted 
when  only  fifteen  years  old.  He  was  with 
Washington  at  \'alley  Forge,  and  serve<l 
through  a  three  years'  campaign.  He  receiveil 
an  honorable  discharge  in  1780.  September 
6,  1781,  he  volunteered  in  defence  of  F"ort 
Griswold.  The  garrison  consisted  of  one  hun- 
dred and  sixty  men,  of  whom  eighty-four  were 
killed  on  the  spot.  The  remaining  seventy-six 
were  taken  prisoners,  placed  on  board  a  irian- 
of-war  and  carried  to  New  York.  Here  they 
were  imprisoned  in  an  old  sugar  house  until 
after  the  surrender  of  Cjeneral  Cornwallis. 
when  they  were  discharged.  In  1820  he  re- 
moved to  Cortland,  New  York.  He  was  a 
farmer  by  occupation:  a  man  of  sound  mind 
and  unyielding  will.  Children,  born  in  Brough- 

ton :  Lucy,  April  14,  1795;  Gilbert,  September 
~7-  1797;  Erastus,  October  15,  1803;  Isaac 
.\llyn,  mentioned  below. 

(\  )  Isaac  Allyn,  son  of  Gilbert  Edgcomb, 
was  born  May  12,  1806,  in  Ciroton,  died  July 
(),  i860.  He  married,  1828,  Clarissa  Wood- 
ruff, born  in  I-"armington,  Connecticut,  .\ugust 
19.  1800.  died  October  [5,  1865,  daughter  of 
(iedor  and  Sarah  (Ingham)  Woodruff.  Her 
father,  (iedor  Woodruff,  was  born  July  20, 
1761,  served  three  years  in  the  revolutionary 
war,  he  was  the  son  of  Zebulon  Woodruff, 
born  March  11,  1718.  The  latter  was  the  son 
of  Joseph,  born  in  1679,  son  of  John,  born 
1643,  son  of  Matthew  Woodruff".  Children : 
I.  Charles  A.,  born  May  9,  1829  ;  married  Mary 
J.  Tucker,  November  6,  1876;  child,  Charles 
R..  burn  Julv  25,  1882,  lived  in  Spafford,  New 
\'(irk.  2.  Frances  J.,  November  23,  1830; 
married  Irving  A.  Wheeler,  of  Stonington, 
Connecticut,  1859;  lived  in  Providence.  3. 
Sarah  T.,  June  16,  1832:  married,  in  1858, 
Gilbert  I.  Honywell :  lived  in  Homer,  New 
Viirk.  4.  Isaac,  October  16,  1834,  mentioned 
below.  5.  Martin,  June  7,  i83(>;  married,  No- 
vember 13,  i86f),  Eiuily  G.  Merritt,  a  shoe 
dealer  by  occupation,  in  Cortland:  six  chil- 
dren :  Lena  E.,  born  December  2^.  1867  :  Louis 
E.,  August  24,  1869;  J.  Cirace.,  November  23. 
1873;  ^I-  Clenn.  October  3,  1875:  AUvn  I., 
.\pril  25,  1878:  R.  Irene,  June  28,  189'!.  6. 
George  W.,  November  2^,  1840;  married  F. 
Eudell  Sc|uires,  July  9,  1872:  child,  James  E., 
born  July  9,  1873,  (lied  November  24,  1878.  7. 
Clark  A..  January  22,  1843  :  marrieil.  Novem- 
ber, i8fi8,  Atldie  Lyon;  children:  Oliver  C, 
born  1870:  Addie  A.,  July  18,  1875:  lived  in 
South  Frankfort,  Alichigan. 

(  \'I )  Isaac,  son  of  Isaac  Allyn  Edgcomb, 
was  born  in  (jroton.  New  York,  October  16, 
1834,  and  received  his  education  in  the  com- 
uKin  schools  of  liis  native  town.  In  1852  he 
came  to  Cortland.  New  York,  and  learned  the 
harness-maker's  trade.  He  continued  in  this 
business  until  1900,  when  he  retired.  He  has 
always  been  actively  identified  with  the  Meth- 
odist church,  in  Cortland,  and,  for  forty  years, 
has  been  its  steward  and  trustee.  He  married, 
March  13,  1861.  Evaline  D.,  daughter  of  Isaac 
and  Nancy  (  Peabody  )  Spencer,  born  in  X'irgil. 
New  York.  December  25.  1834.  Her  father 
was  the  son  of  Amos  Spencer,  who  married 
Dorcas  Woodcock ;  they  iiad  twelve  cliildren. 
ten  sons  and  two  daughters.  Amos  Spencer 
was  the  son  of  Thomas  Spencer,  who  was  a 



descendant  of  William  Spencer,  of  Cambridge, 
Massachusetts,  in  1631.  Both  Thomas  and 
Amos  Spencer  served  as  captains  in  the  revolu- 
tion. Child  of  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Edgcomb:  Ernest 
Isaac,  born  January  10,  1867;  he  was  educated 
in  the  State  Normal  School,  in  Cortland,  and 
graduated  in  1884;  also  at  Syracuse  Univer- 
sity, from  which  he  graduated  in  1888.  He 
then  studied  law  in  the  office  of  Nottingham 
&  Goodell,  of  Syracuse,  and  was  admitted  to 
the  bar  in  1891.  He  practices  law  in  Syracuse, 
and  is  also  professor  of  law  in  Syracuse  Uni- 
versity. He  is  at  present  attorney  for  the 
Beebe  trolley  lines,  which  run  out  of  Syracuse, 
and  surveyor  of  customs  for  the  port  of  that 
city.  For  several  terms  he  was  chairman  of 
the  board  of  supervisors  in  Syracuse,  and  offi- 
ciated as  such  when  the  new  courthouse  was 
erected,  as  well  as  member  of  the  building 
committee,  the  building  costing  $1,400,000.  He 
is  a  member  of  several  college  fraternities  and 
other  fraternal  organizations,  and  steward  in 
the  First  Methodist  Church.  He  married, 
April  20,  1898,  Grace,  daughter  of  Frank  J. 
Webb,  of  Syracuse.  They  have  one  son,  Julian 
Webb,  born  December  3,  1902. 

The  Newton  family,  which  is 
NEWTON     one  of  the  most  numerous  in 

New  England,  is  of  English 
origin,  and  was  founded  in  America  early  in 
the  colonial  period.  It  is  still  very  numerously 
represented  throughout  New  England,  and  is 
identified  with  the  best  interests  of  that  sec- 
tion, contributing  its  proportionate  share  to  its 
development  and  progress.  Representatives 
are  now  scattered  over  distant  states. 

(I)  Richard  Newton,  whose  birthplace  and 
ancestry  has  been  the  subject  of  many  years 
study  by  well  equipped  genealogists,  arrived 
in  Massachusetts  prior  to  1645,  in  which  year 
he  was  admitted  a  freeman  of  the  colony  and 
resided  for  several  years  in  Sudbury.  In  com- 
pany with  John  Howe  and  others  he  petition- 
ed for  the  settlement  of  Marlborough,  whose 
incorporation  as  a  town  they  secured  in  1666, 
and  removing  thither,  he  located  in  that  part 
of  the  town  which  was  afterwards  set  off  as 
Southborough.  He  lived  to  be  nearly  one 
hundred  years  old,  and  died  about  August  24, 
1 701.  The  Christian  name  of  his  wife  was 
cither  Anna  or  Hannah,  and  she  died  Decem- 
ber 5,  1697.  Their  children,  as  shown  by  the 
records  of  Marlborough,  were:  John,  born 
1641  ;  Moses,  1646;  Ezekiel ;  Joseph;  Hannah, 

April  13,  1654,  died  uimiarried ;  Daniel,  De- 
cember 21,  1655.    There  may  have  been  others. 

(II)  Daniel,  fifth  son  of  Richard  and  Anna 
(probably  Loker)  Newton,  was  born  Decem- 
ber 21,  1655,  probably  in  Sudbury,  and  died 
November  20,  1739,  in  Marlborough.  He  lived 
in  that  part  of  the  town  which  was  subsequent- 
ly set  off  as  Southborough.  He  married,  in 
Alarlborough,  December  30.  1679,  Susannah 
Morse,  born  January  11,  1663,  in  Watertown, 
Massachusetts,  daughter  of  Joseph  and  Sus- 
annah (Shattuck)  Morse.  Children:  i.  Dan- 
iel, mentioned  below.  2.  Benjamin,  born  May 
I,  1683;  married,  October  3,  1712,  Abigail 
Knapp,  of  Newton.  3.  Susanna,  born  Febru- 
ary 14.  1684.  4.  Isaac,  born  March  12,  1686; 
married  Sarah .  5.  Ephraim,  born  Feb- 
ruary 12,  1689;  married.  May  29,  171 1,  Chris- 
tian Ripley.  6.  Abraham,  born  Alarch  2,  1691 ; 
married,  October  20,  1709,  Rachel  Newton. 
7.  Mary,  born  July  26,  1693,  died  August  12, 
171 1.  8.  Samuel,  born  August  10,  1695,  died 
1 77 1.  9.  Nathaniel,  born  September  4.  1697. 
10.  Lydia,  born  August  24,  1699;  married,  Au- 
gust 12,  1719,  Samuel  Morse.  11.  Mary,  born 
May  10.  1702;  married,  September  i,  1725, 
Othniel  Taylor,  of  Worcester. 

(HI)  Daniel  (2),  eldest  child  of  Daniel  (i) 
and  Susanna  (  Morse)  Newton,  was  born  May 
29,  1681,  in  Marlborough,  where  he  probably 
passed  his  life.  He  married  Sarah  Hutton, 
and  they  were  the  parents  of  Daniel ;  Ezekiel. 
mentionetl  below  ;  Elizabeth  ;  William  ;  Judith, 
died  young:  Judith:  Robert,  and  Joanna. 

(IV)  Ezekiel,  second  son  of  Daniel  (2)  and 
Sarah  (Hutton)  Newton,  was  born  August 
27,  1707,  in  Marlboroug-h,  and  resided  in  South- 
borougli,  where  he  was  a  farmer.  No  record 
of  his  death  appears.  He  married,  May  31, 
1 73 1,  in  Marlborough,  Tirzah,  daughter  of 
Jonathan  and  Bethiah  (Rice)  Newton,  whose 
ancestry  is  as  follows: 

Moses,  son  of  Richard  Newton,  was  born  in 
1646,  and  resided  in  Marlborough.  October 
27,  1668,  he  married  Joanna  Larkin,  who  died 
December  25,  1713.  and,  on  April  14,  1714,  he 
married  for  his  second  wife,  Sarah  Joslin.  She 
died  November  4,  1723.  Moses  was  the  father 
of  eleven  children.  He  distinguished  himself 
in  defending  the  town  against  the  savages  dur- 
ing King  Philip's  war.  In  relation  to  this  inci- 
dent the  Rev.  Asa  Packard  wrote  the  follow- 
ing account : 

The  Sahliatli  when  Mr.  Brimsmead  was  in  sermon 
(March    20,    1676),    the    worshiping    was    somewhat 



dispersed  by  the  outcry  of  "Indians  at  the  dor." 
The  confusion  of  the  first  moment  was  instantly 
increased  by  a  fire  from  the  enemy:  but  the  God 
whom  tliey  were  worshiping  shielded  tlieir  lives  and 
limbs,  excepting  the  arms  of  one  Moses  Newton, 
who  was  carrying  an  elderly  and  infirm  woman  to 
a  place  of  safety.  In  a  few  moments  they  were 
sheltered  in  their  fort,  with  the  mutual  feelings 
peculiar  to  such  a  scene.  Their  meeting  house  and 
their  dwelling  houses  left  without  protection,  were 
burnt.  Fruit-trees  pulled  and  hacked  and  other 
valuable  effects  rendered  useless  perpetuated  the 
barbarit}'  of  the  savages  many  years  after  the 
inhabitants  returned.  The  enemy  retired  soon  after 
their  first  onset,  declining  to  risk  the  enterprise 
and  martial  prowess  of  the  young  plantation. 

Jonathan,  son  of  Moses  and  Joanna  (Lar- 
kin)  Xewton,  was  born  September  30,  1679, 
in  Marlborough,  and  married  there,  October 
26,  1708,  Bethiaii  Rice,  born  October  29,  1682, 
•daughter  of  Daniel  and  r.ethiali  (Ward)  Rice. 
Children :  Tirzali,  married  Ezekiel  Newton ; 
Jonathan,  Tabitha,  Bethiah,  Johanna,  Heph- 
ziba,  David,  Thankful,  Gideon,  Nathan  and 

Children  of  Ezekiel  and  Tirzah  (Newton) 
Newton :  Elizabeth,  born  February  19,  1832, 
in  Marlborough  ;  Alexander,  February  14, 1733  ; 
Nehemiah,  June  23,  1736;  Persis,  February 
18,  1741  ;  Ezekiel,  mentioned  below;  Daniel, 
May  20,  1749.  All  except  the  first  are  record- 
ed in  Southborough. 

(V)  Ezekiel  (2),  son  of  Ezekiel  (i)  and 
Tirzah  (Newton)  Newton,  was  born  August 
30,  1745,  in  Southborough,  and  resided  in 
Marlborough  until  1776,  or  later,  and  probably 
resided  elsewhere  thereafter.  He  was  a  private 
in  Captain  Josiah  White's  company,  of  Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel Benjamin  Flagg's  division, Colo- 
nel Samuel  Denney's  (Worcester  county)  regi- 
ment, which  marched,  August  21,  1777,  on 
alarm  and  was  turned  back.  He  is  credited 
with  five  days'  service,  including  two  days' 
( forty  miles )  march  home.  Roll  dated  Spen- 
cer. He  died  December  5,  1792,  but  this  date 
does  not  appear  on  any  public  records.  He 
probably  resided  in  Marlborough  at  the  time. 
Diligent  search  fails  to  disclose  the  tnaiden 
name  of  his  wife  Tabitha.  who  was  born  Au- 
gust 14,  1746.  Four  of  his  children  are  re- 
corded in  Marlborough :  Persis,  born  March 
16,  1771  :  Polly,  March  29,  1772;  Haven,  De- 
cember 29,  1773;  Windsor,  January  15,  1776. 
Private  records  indicate   four  other  children. 

(VI)  Ezekiel  (3),  son  of  Ezekiel   (2)  and 

Tabitha  ( )  Newton,  was  born  .\pril  12, 

1788,  in  Northborough,  and  died  February  11, 

1852,  at  Groton,  New  York.  He  was  a  shoe- 
maker by  trade  and  lived  for  some  years  in 
North  Concord,  now  Lisbon,  New  Hampshire, 
where  he  was  toll-keeper  of  the  bridge  over 
the  Ammonusuc  river.  The  present  name  of 
Lisbon  was  adopted  in  1824.  For  fifty  years 
previous  there  had  been  two  Concords  in  the 
state  of  New  Hampshire.  In  181 1  he  removed 
from  Lisbon  to  Tompkins  county.  New  York, 
and  settled  first  at  Groton  City,  New  York. 
Soon  after  removing  to  Summer  Hill,  New 
York.  He  married  in  Bolton,  Massachusetts, 
April  16,  18 10,  Rebecca  Moore,  born  January 
9,  1787,  in  that  town;  died  June  9,  1871,  in 
Cortland,  New  York.  The  record  of  his  mar- 
riage in  Bolton  calls  hitn  "Ezekial  Newton  of 
North  Concord,  New  Hampshire."  Children  : 
I.  Charles,  mentioned  below.  2.  Elihu  Reed, 
born  September  18,  181 2,  died  October  7, 
1899,  at  Wayne,  Pennsylvania.  3.  Ezekiel  A., 
born  October  25,  1814,  at  (jroton.  New  York, 
died  there,  July  9,  1859.  4.  Orissa,  born  April 
14,  1816,  at  Groton.  5.  Albert,  born  July  10, 
1817,  at  Groton,  died  December  6,  1906.  6. 
Nancy  E.,  born  April  14,  1820.  died  Novem- 
ber, 1868.  7.  Adelia  C,  born  August  13,  1822, 
died  March  10,  1897.  8.  Caroline  M.,  born 
June  13,  1824,  died  September,  1896.  9. 
George  M.,  born  August  24,  1826,  living  at 
Groton,  New  York.  10.  Andrew,  born  Sep- 
tember 10,  1828,  died  February  12,  1837. 

(VII)  Charles,  eldest  child  of  Ezekiel  (3) 
and  Rebecca  (  Moore )  Newton,  was  born  April 
23,  181 1,  in  North  Concord,  New  Hampshire, 
and  died  November  14,  1894,  in  Groton,  New 
York,  where  he  was  a  farmer.  He  married, 
June  15,  1834,  at  Summer  Hill,  New  York, 
Mary  Woolsey,  of  that  town,  born  August  i, 
1812,  died  June  2,  1891,  in  Groton.  Children: 
I.  George,  born  Alarch  19,  1835,  died  June  5, 
1857.  2.  Rebecca  Jane,  born  December  6, 
1837;  married  Myron  F.  Thomas,  of  Groton, 
New  York ;  resides  in  Pasadena.  3.  Charles 
Burdette,  born  August  16,  1840.  resides  in 
Groton.  4.  Hiratri,  born  March  Ti,  1848,  died 
May  22,  1849.  5-  W'illiani  Henry,  born  De- 
cember 29.  1850.  died  July  23,  1851.  (\.  Will- 
iam Henry,  mentioned  below. 

(VIII)  William  Henry,  son  of  Charles  and 
Mary  (Woolsey)  Newton,  was  born  Septem- 
ber 15,  1853,  in  Locke,  New  York,  and  learn- 
ed the  trade  of  carriage  trimming.  He  was 
in  the  coal  and  lumber  business  in  his  younger 
days,  in  (jroton.  New  York.  In  1883  he  locat- 
ed at  Cortland,  New  York,  where  he  engaged 



in  the  manufacture  of  carriage  goods  and  is 
still  conducting-  a  prosperous  business  at  tha: 
place.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Baptist  church. 
He  married,  June  6,  1876,  in  Groton,  Mary 
Alida  Williams,  born  June  6,  1856,  in  that 
town,  daughter  of  James  Williams,  a  native  of 
the  same  jilace,  and  Lydia  Ellen  ( Brown ) 
Williams,  born  .-Kugust  6,  1726,  daughter  of 
David  Brown,  of  Groton,  Massachusetts,  who 
was  son  of  David  Brown,  of  Plum  Hollow, 
\'ermont,  who  served  in  the  revolutionary  war. 
(IX)  Earle  Williams,  only  child  of  William 
Henry  and  Mary  A.  (Williams)  Xewton,  was 
born  February  9,  1879,  in  Groton,  New  York. 
He  was  educated  at  Cortland  Normal  School 
and  Phillips  Andover  .Academy,  graduating  in 
1899.  After  graduation  he  went  into  the  office 
of  his  father's  manufacturing  plant  until  De- 
cember I,  T<)oi,  when  he  was  taken  into  part- 
nershi])  with  his  father  at  Cortland,  and  to- 
gether they  conducted  a  business  under  the 
firm  name  of  W.  H.  Newton  &  Son.  He 
married.  June  22,  1909,  in  Colora,  Maryland, 
Anna  Moore,  born  February  16,  1883,  in  that 
town,  daughter  of  William  H.  Moore,  whose 
father  was  a  Quaker  farmer  living  at  that 
place,  and  India  S.  (Christie)  Moore,  of  Col- 
ora, Maryland. 

(The   Williams   Line). 

(i)  Deacon  William  Williams,  of  Salem, 
Massachusetts,  born  November  11,  1749,  died 
August  8,  1854.  He  married  Hiphza  Samson, 
and  they  had  ten  children. 

(2)  Benjamin,  son  of  Deacon  William  Will- 
iams, born,  Savoy,  Massachusetts,  November 
14,  1783,  died  June  2,  1872;  married,  April  6, 
1808,  Rebeckah  Morton.  He  came  to  Groton, 
New  York,  in  i8o(j.    They  had  eight  children. 

(3)  James,  son  of  Benjamin  Williams,  was 
born  in  Groton,  New  York,  April  i,  1821,  and 
died  March  26,  1899.  He  married  Lydia  Ellen 
Brown,  born  August  6,  1826.  Child:  Mary 
Alida,  born  June  6,  1856,  in  Groton,  New 
York,  married.  January  6,  1876,  William  Henry 
Newton  (see  Newton  VIII). 

William  Knox,  according  to  the 
KNOX  history  of  P.landford,  Massachu- 
setts, came  to  that  town  from  Bel- 
fast. Ireland,  in  1737.  There  was  a  large  settle- 
ment of  Scotch-Irish  in  this  town.  His  brother, 
Adam  Knox,  said  to  have  been  born  in  1719,  in 
Ulster  i^rovince,  north  of  Ireland,  settled  in 
Boston,  in  1737.   William  had  three  sons  :  John, 

mentioned   below ;   William,   and   Adam ;   and 
probably  daughters. 

( II)  John,  son  o''  William  Kno.x,  was  born 
about  1730.  and  probably  came  with  his  father 
to  l>landford.  Massachusetts.  The  name  of  his 
wife  is  not  known.  He  lived  at  Bland  ford,  evi- 
dently following  farming,  as  did  his  father. 
He  had  sons:  William:  James,  mentioned 
below:  Elijah,  and  John:  and  probably  daugh- 

(III)  Captain  James  Knox,  son  of  John 
Knox,  was  born  as  early  as  1 760.  He  was  a 
private  in  Captain  John  Ferguson's  company, 
Colonel  Timothy  Danielson's  regiment,  from 
Bland  ford,  from  April  20,  1775.  to  .\ugust. 
and  later  in  the  year.  He  was  sergeant  from 
Bland  ford,  in  Captain  .Aaron  Coe's  company. 
Lieutenant  Colonel  Timothy  Robinson's  regi- 
ment. Oliver  and  John,  sons  of  .Adam  Knox, 
were  soldiers  from  Bland  ford,  also  David,  son 
of  William.  .Afterward  James  Knox  was 
known  as  captain,  and  doubtless  held  a  com- 
mission in  the  militia  as  captain.  He  was  one 
of  the  earliest  settlers  of  the  town  of  Windsor, 
Itroome  county.  New  York,  whither  he  went 
after  the  war,  living  for  a  time,  apparently  at 
Hillside.  In  1790  he  appears  to  be  a  resident 
of  Hillside,  according  to  the  first  federal  cen- 
sus, but  he  must  have  removed  soon  to  Broome 
county,  as  the  history  states  that  he  came  there 
in  1786,  or  a  little  later.  The  same  authority 
states  that  he  was  an  officer  in  the  revolution, 
and  we  have  given  his  record  as  sergeant.  He 
may  have  had  other  service  not  appearing  on 
the  records,  which,  of  course,  are  not  complete. 
He  is  said  to  have  been  one  of  W^ashington's 
Lifeguards.  With  his  family  he  located  near 
the  north  part  of  the  valley  on  the  old  home- 
stead, latelv  owned  by  Milton  Knox,  a  descend- 
ant. He  married  Lydia  Stratton.  Children : 
lames.  Hezekiah.  Charles.  Henry,  William, 
Caleb  and  Ira,  mentioned  below. 

(IV)  Ira,  son  of  Captain  James  Knox,  was 
born  in  Windsor,  Broome  county.  New  York, 
November  17,  180T,  died  March  to,  187 1.  Edu- 
cated in  his  native  town,  he  turned  naturally  to 
the  calling  of  agriculture  and  followed  it  suc- 
cessfully. In  all  matters  pertaining  to  the  wel- 
fare of  the  community,  political  and  otherwise, 
he  was  keenly  interested,  and  he  served  in  the 
state  militia  when  a  young  man. 

He  married,  September  2,  1835,  Anna  Doo- 
little.  born  at  Colesville.  New  York,  .August 
27,  t8ii,  died  March  4,  1884.  daughter  of  Abel 
Doolittlc,  who  was  born  July  27,  1780,  and  died 



March  ii.  1868.  Her  father  married,  June  14, 
1804,  Hannah  Sage,  born  November  2(),  1778, 
died  April  i.^,  1854.  Children  of  Ira  and  Anna 
(Doohttle)  Knox:  Milton:  Stratton  Sage, 
mentioned  below ;  James. 

(\')  Hon.  Stratton  Sage  Knox,  .son  of  Ira 
Knox,  was  born  in  Colesville,  Rroome  cotmty, 
New  York,  February  5,  1843.  His  early  school- 
ing was  received  in  the  public  schools,  and  at 
Windsor  Academy.  Later,  he  sj^ent  part  of 
his  time  teaching  school  and  part  in  getting  a 
higher  education.  In  i86g  he  came  to  Cort- 
land, and  two  years  later  was  graduated  from 
the  State  Normal  School,  of  that  town.  In 
the  fall  of  1871  he  entered  upon  an  optional 
course  at  Wesleyan  I'niversity,  Middletown, 
Connecticut,  and  in  the  following  year,  left 
college  to  begin  the  study  of  law  in  the  ofifice 
of  M.  M.  Waters,  of  Cortland,  where  he  con- 
tinued until  he  was  admitted  to  the  bar,  in 
September,  1875,  at  the  general  term  in  .Schnec- 
tady.  New  Y'ork.  Before  the  close  of  the  year 
he  had  entered  intopartnership  with  M  r.  Waters 
and  the  firm  continued  until  1881,  when  Mr. 
Waters  removed  to  Syracuse.  During  the 
years  1883-89  he  was  coimty  judge  and  surro- 
gate. In  politics  he  is  a  Democrat.  In  1895 
he  was  retained  by  the  National  Hank  of  Cort- 
land, as  attorney,  having  charge  of  its  legal 
afifairs.  and,  since  1897.  he  has  been  president. 
Judge  Knox  was  a  prime  mover  in  the  plan 
to  provide  a  sewer  system  for  Cortland,  and 
he  was  appointed  on  the  first  board  of  sewer 
commissioners  in  1892,  and  has  been  president 
of  the  board  ever  since.  During  the  years 
1895-97  '"IS  was  attorney  of  the  village  corpor- 
ation, and  it  was  during  his  term  of  ofifice  that 
the  village  began  to  pave  the  streets,  and  the 
Railroad  street  ]5aving  was  done.  He  is  vice- 
president  of  the  Cortland  Savings  Rank.  He 
is  a  member  of  the  Cortlandville  Lcxlge  of 
Free  Alasons ;  of  Cortland  Chapter,  Royal 
Arch  Masons,  was  master  of  the  lodge  for  five 
years,  and  district  deputy  of  twenty-seventh 
district  for  two  years.  He  has  held  many 
positions  of  private  trust,  especially  in  the  set- 
tlement of  important  estates,  anfl  for  many 
years  has  had  one  of  the  largest  practices  in 
the  surrogate's  court  of  this  county. 

He  married,  December  23,  1873,  Myra  W., 
daughter  of  Merton  M.  and  Elizabeth  (  Bra- 
don)  W'aters.  She  died  May  8,  1905.  They 
had  no  children.  His  home  is  in  the  city  of 

The  family  of  Lusk  is  of  Scotch 
LL'SK  origin,  and  first  ajjpeared  in  Amer- 
ica in  the  early  ])art  of  the  eight- 
eenth century.  At  that  time  three  brothers  of 
the  name,  John,  Thomas  and  William,  settled 
in  Connecticut,  and  from  them  have  descend- 
ed all  of  the  name  in  that  state.  Their  history, 
however,  is  but  fragmentary,  and  is  gathered 
mostly  from  town  and  church  records  and 
gravestone  inscrijitions,  in  the  towns  of  New- 
ington,  Farmington,  New  Britain,  Enfield  and 
other  places  in  Connecticut.  From  these  sources 
we  learn  that  there  was  a  Stephen  Lusk  in 
Newington,  in  171 5,  also  a  John  Lusk,  of  New- 
ington,  about  1740,  the  latter  ajiparently  an 
earlier  settler  of  Plainfield,  Windham  county, 
Connecticut.  John's  two  brothers,  Thomas 
and  William,  the  latter  with  his  wife,  came  to 
Newington  church,  by  letter,  from  Meriden, 
Connecticut.  August  13,  1749.  General  Levi 
Lusk,  a  soldier  in  the  revolution,  is  supposed 
to  have  been  a  son  of  this  William.  All  these 
families  lived  in  that  part  of  Farmington  which 
adjoined  Newington,  and  were  ]iractically  con- 
temporary. James,  of  Farmington,  is  sup- 
posed to  have  been  a  younger  brother  of  the 
three  above  mentioned. 

( I )  John  Lusk,  immigrant  ancestor  of  this 
branch,  was  of  Plainfield,  Connecticut,  in  1740, 
and,  September  17th,  of  that  year,  received 
from  Jacob  Cibbs,  of  Wethersfield,  half  an 
acre  of  land  in  Newington.  March  19,  1743- 
46,  being  then  of  Wethersfield.  he  purchased 
four  acres  of  land,  again  in  Newington.  Later 
deeds  give  records  of  other  purchases  of  land 
by  him,  all  in  Newington,  near  the  Farming- 
ton   line.     He  married    (first)   Janet . 

who  died   at   Newington,   May  2.   1742,  aged 

thirty-three.  He  married  (  second)  Jane . 

who'died  February  3.  1788.  aged  eighty-three. 
He  died  July  24.  1788.  aged  eighty-six.  All 
three  were  buried  in  the  Newington  church- 
yard. Children  of  second  wife,  recorded  in 
Wethersfield:  William,  born  September  12, 
1744,  mentioned  below;  John,  February  20, 
1748:  Eunice,  May  9,  1730:  Samuel.  January 
29,  1752. 

(II)  William,  son  of  John  Lusk,  was  bom 
in  Wethersfield,  September  12,  1744.  He  mar- 
ried, March  30,  1769.  Elizabeth  Gibbe.  Chil- 
dren :  Chester ;  Simon ;  James,  mentioned 
below :  William. 

(HI)  James,  son  of  William  Lusk.  was  born 
1770,  died  April  24,   1808.     He  married  and 



had    children:    W'ilHam,    Frankhii,    Simon    J., 
mentioned  below. 

(IV)  Simon  J.,  son  of  James  Lusk,  was 
born  August  19,  1807,  died  July  21,  1894,  at 
Lisle,  Broome  county,  New  York.  He  was  a 
pioneer  in  the  latter  section,  to  which  he  came 
from  Connecticut,  and  was  actively  engaged 
in  farming  all  his  life.  He  was  a  vigorous  and 
powerful  Scotchman  and  eminently  fitted  for 
the  hardships  and  dangers  of  a  frontier  life. 
He  married  Rebecca  Mercereau,  born  in 
Broome  county.  April  12,  181 1,  died  Novem- 
ber II,  1893.  Children:  Cornelius  M.;  Sam- 
uel R.,  mentioned  below ;  Franklin  ;  Eliza  J., 
married  Ira  Cook;  Olive  A.,  married  Orlando 
Benedict ;  William  ;  Susan  :  James  Lanning ; 
George  A. ;  Charles. 

(V)  Samuel  R.,  son  of  Simon  J.  Lusk,  was 
born  in  Lisle,  Broome  county.  New  York,  Au- 
gust 27,  1835,  died  September  6,  1896.  In 
1862  he  enlisted  in  the  One  Hundred  and 
Thirty-seventh  Regiment,  Company  E,  and 
served  throughout  the  war.  He  was  in  the 
battles  of  Chancellorsville,  Gettysburg  and 
Lookout  Mountain.  In  the  latter  engagement 
he  was  wounded  in  the  head  and  never  fully 
recovered,  and  finally  died  from  this  wound. 
For  a  number  of  years  he  was  engaged  in  the 
grocery  business  in  Centre  Lisle,  New  York. 
He  married,  about  iS,Ci6.  Clara  M.  Root,  born 
in  Lisle,  September  7,  1847,  <l'^cl  November 
13,  1886,  daughter  of  William  and  .Anna 
(Burghardt)  Root.  Child.  Clayton  R.,  men- 
tioned below. 

(VI)  Clayton  Riley,  son  of  Samuel  R.  Lusk, 
was  born  in  Lisle,  December  21,  1872.  He 
received  his  early  education  in  the  scliools  of 
his  native  town,  later  attended  the  Cortland 
Normal  School,  from  which  he  graduated  in 
1895,  afterward  entered  Cornell  L^niversity, 
from  which  he  graduated  in  1902.  He  was 
admitted  to  the  bar  the  same  year,  and  located 
in  Cortland,  in  [lartnership  with  Rowland  L. 
Davis,  under  the  firm  name  of  Davis  &  Lusk. 
In  1904  he  was  elected  city  judge  and  served 
for  two  terms.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Phi 
Delta  Phi  fraternity,  the  Tioughnioga.  and  the 
Cortland  City  clubs,  and  of  the  Elks  and  the 
Independent  Order  of  Odd  Fellows,  of  Cort- 
land. In  religion  he  is  an  Episcopalian.  He 
married,  June  23,  1904,  Anna,  (laughter  of 
Eli  and  Grace  (Lee)  Mix.  Her  father,  Eli 
Mix,  was  born  at  Chenango  Forks.  New  York, 
in  1835,  died  in   1903.     Tie  tiiarried  Grace  F.. 

daughter  of  Samuel  and  Rhoda  Ann  (Miller) 
Lee.  He  was  the  son  of  John  Mix,  bom  at 
Chenango  Forks,  and  Henrietta  (Parsons) 
Mi.x.  John  was  the  son  of  Jesse  Bradley  Mix, 
who  was  born  in  New  Haven,  Connecticut, 
and  came  to  Chenango  Forks,  in  1816,  and 
Rebecca  (Gilbert)  Mix,  also  of  New  Haven. 
Jesse  Bradley  Mix  was  the  son  of  Nathaniel 
Mix,  born  in  New  Haven,  1796,  and  Thankful 
(Ailing)  Mi.x.  Nathaniel  Mix  was  the  son 
of  Nathaniel  Mix,  born  in  New  Haven,  1724, 
and  Sarah  (Bradley)  Mix.  Nathaniel  Mix 
was  the  son  of  Nathaniel  Mix,  born  in  New 
Haven,  1692,  died  1756,  and  Rebecca  (Lines) 
Mix,  second  wife.  Nathaniel  Mix  was  the  son 
of  Nathaniel  Mix,  born  in  New  Haven,  1651, 
died  1725,  and  Mary  (Pantry)  Mix.  Nathan- 
iel Mix  was  the  son  of  Thomas  Meeks,  or  Mix, 
who  was  the  immigrant  ancestor,  of  London, 
England,  a  member  of  the  New  Haven  colony, 
in  1643.  He  married,  in  1649,  Rebecca  Turner. 
Child  of  Clayton  R.  Lusk:  Elinor  Mix,  born 
October  14,  1908. 

W'illiam  Peck,  immigrant  ancestor, 

PECK     was  born   in  the  city  of  London, 

England,   or   its   vicinity,   in    1601, 

and  married  there,  about  1622,  Elizabeth . 

He  sailed  from  London  in  the  ship  "Hector," 
with  his  wife  and  son  Jeremiah,  and  arrived  at 
Boston,  Massachusetts,  June  26,  1637.  It  is 
])robable  that  he  came  in  the  company  of  Gov- 
ernor Eaton,  Rev.  John  Davenport  and  others, 
principally  from  London.  He  was  one  of  the 
original  proprietors  of  the  New  Haven  colony, 
in  1638.  and  his  autograph  signature  is  affixed 
to  the  fundamental  agreement  or  constitution, 
June  4,  1639.  for  the  government  of  the  infant 
colony.  October  20,  1640.  he  was  admitted  a 
freeman.  He  was  trustee,  treasurer  and  gen- 
eral business  agent  of  the  Colony  Collegiate 
School,  established  on  the  basis  of  the  Hopkins 
fund.  He  was  by  occupation  a  merchant,  and, 
from  1659  until  his  death,  a  deacon  of  the 
church  in  New  Haven.  His  name  usually  ap- 
pears on  the  records  with  the  title  of  "Mr.," 
then  a  prefix  of  respect  and  distinction.  His 
home  lot  and  dwelling-house  and  shop  were  on 
Church  street.  His  first  wife,  Elizabeth,  died 
December  5,  1683,  and  he  married  (second) 
Sarah,  widow  of  W'illiam  Holt.  He  died  Octo- 
ber 4,  1694,  and  was  interred  in  the  okl  bury- 
ing-ground  now  under  the  Center  church.  Chil- 
dren of  first  wife:  leremiah,  burn  in  London, 



1623,  mentionetl  below;  John,  Xew  Haven, 
1638:  Joseph,  New  Haven,  January,  1641; 
Elizabeth,  Xew  Haven,  April,  1643. 

(H)  Jeremiah,  son  of  William  Peck,  was 
born  in  the  city  of  London,  or  its  vicinity,  in 
1623,  and  came  to  this  country  with  his  parents 
in  1637.  He  received  a  very  good  education, 
acquired  in  part  before  he  left  London.  He 
is  said  by.  Cotton  Mather  "to  have  been  bred 
at  Harvard  College,"  but  his  name  does  not 
appear  in  the  catalogue  of  graduates.  In  the 
year  1656.  and  for  some  time  previous,  he  had 
preached  and  taught  school  at  Guilford,  and 
continued  to  <lo  so  until  i6(')0,  when  he  took 
charge  of  the  Collegiate  School,  at  Xew  Haven. 
This  was  a  colony  school,  established  by  the 
general  court  in  1659,  and  was  intended  to  fit 
young  men  for  college.  He  remained  there 
until  the  summer  of  1 66 1,  when  the  school  was 
temporarily  suspended  for  lack  of  funtls.  In 
the  autumn  of  that  year  he  was  invited  to 
preach  at  Saybrook,  Connecticut,  and,  it  is  sup- 
posed, ordained  there,  and  settled  as  a  min- 
ister, September  25,  1661.  .After  a  few  years 
there  was  some  dissatisfaction  with  his  min- 
istry and  a  misunderstanding  as  to  the  pro- 
visions of  his  agreement  of  settlement.  Al- 
though this  was  amicably  arranged  he  left  Say- 
brook  and  returned  to  Guilford,  in  1666.  He 
had  been  for  some  time,  together  with  numer- 
ous ministers  and  churches  in  the  Xew  Haven 
and  Connecticut  colonies,  decidedly  opposed 
to  the  "Half-way  Covenant,"  and  especially 
hostile  to  the  union  of  the  two  above-named 
colonies,  under  the  charter  of  Charles  II.  On 
this  account  he  decided  to  emigrate  from  the 
colony,  and,  in  1666,  removed  to  Newark,  New 
Jersey,  where  he  became  one  of  the  first  set- 
tlers. Soon  after  his  arrival  at  Newark  he 
was  settled  in  Elizabethtown,  as  the  first  min- 
ister there,  in  1669  or  1670.  In  1670,  and 
again  in  1673,  he  was  invited  by  the  people  of 
Woodbridge,  New  Jersey,  and,  in  1676,  by  the 
people  of  Greenwich,  Connecticut,  to  become 
their  minister,  but  in  both  cases  declined.  Sep- 
tember, 1678,  he  was  again  invited  to  settle  as 
a  minister  at  Greenwich,  and  removed  thither 
in  the  autumn  of  1678.  Here  he  became  the 
first  settled  minister  and  remained  until  16S9. 
when  he  resigned  on  account  of  dissatisfaction, 
caused  by  his  refusal  to  baptize  the  children  of 
non-communicants.  In  1691  he  became  the 
first  settled  minister  of  the  church  in  Water- 
bury.  Here  he  continued  until  his  death,  June 
4,  1699.     He  was  a  man  of  much  usefulness. 

both  as  a  teacher  and  minister  in  the  frontier 
settlements,  and  possessed  considerable  energy 
antl  ability. 

He  married,  November  12,  1636.  Johannah, 
daughter  of  Robert  Kitchell,  of  (iuilford,  who 
came  to  Xew  Haven  in  the  comjjany  of  Eaton, 
Davenport  and  others,  in  1638,  and  the  follow- 
ing year  settled  in  Guilford,  where  he  was  a 
prominent  man  and  one  of  the  first  planters. 
He  migrated  to  Xewark,  in  1666,  and  died 
there,  about  1672.  His  wife  died  in  Green- 
wich, in  1682.  Johannah  (Kitchell)  Peck  sur- 
vived her  husband  and  died  in  Waterbury,  in 
171 1.  Children:  Samuel,  born  January  18, 
1 659,  mentioned  below  ;  Ruth,  born  New  Haven, 
.April  3,  1661  ;  Caleb,  Saybrook.  1663:  Anne, 
Saybrook,  1665:  Jeremiah,  Newark,  1667; 
Joshua,  Elizabethtown,  1673. 

(III)  Samuel,  son  of  Jeremiah  Peck,  was 
born  at  (iuilford.  January  18,  1659.  He  re- 
moved to  Greenwich,  with  his  father,  in  1678. 
and  became  a  man  of  large  wealth  and  influ- 
ence. I'^or  fifty  years  he  was  justice  of  the 
peace,  and  held  other  important  positions  in 
Greenwich.  He  married,  November  27,  1686, 
Ruth,  daughter  of  Peter  Ferris,  of  Stamford, 
Connecticut.  Her  father  was  a  son  of  Jeffrey 
Ferris.  Children,  born  in  Greenwich :  Samuel, 
March,  1688,  mentioned  below;  Jeremiah,  De- 
cember 29,  1690;  Joseph,  May  i,  1692;  David. 
December  15,  1694;  Nathaniel,  August  15, 
16197:  Eliphalet,  1699:  Theophilus,  March, 
1702;  Peter,  about  1704;  Robert,  1706.  He 
(lied  at  Greenwich,  April  28,  1746,  and  his 
wife.  September  17,  1745,  aged  eighty-three. 
Their  gravestones  are  still  standing  in  the  old 
Greenwich  cemetery. 

(IV)  Samuel  (2),  son  of  Samuel  (i)  Peck, 
was  born  in  Alarch,  16188,  in  Greenwich.  He 
was  a  carpenter  by  trade  and  also  a  farmer. 
He  lived  in  that  part  of  Greenwich  known  as 
C)UI  Greenwich,  and  died  there,  in  December. 

1733.     He  married,  in  171 5,  Elizabeth  . 

She  survived  him.  and,  in  1735,  married  (sec- 
ond) John  Clogson,  and  removed  to  Redding. 
Connecticut,  where  she  died.  Children,  born 
in  Greenwich:  Alary.  1716:  John,  1718,  men- 
tioned below  :  Samuel,  April,  1720;  Ruth.  Janu- 
ary, 1724. 

(V)  John,  son  of  Samuel  (2)  Peck,  was 
born  in  1718,  in  Greenwich.  He  lived  in  Old 
Greenwich,  on  a  small  farm,  near  the  shore  of 
r^ong  Island  sound,  and  died  in  Greenwich, 
September,  1771.  He  married,  1741,  Sarah, 
daughter  of  John  Adams.     She  died  in  Clifton 


\E\V  YORK. 

Park,  New  York,  January  ii,  1814,  aged  nine- 
ty-five years.  Children,  born  in  Greenwich : 
John,  November  12,  1742,  mentioned  below; 
Heath,  1745  ;  Nathan,  1747  ;  Sarah,  1749  ;  Ruth, 
July  II,  1751  ;  Abijah,  April  3,  1758:  Abigail, 
September  30,  1760;  Elizabeth,  July  19,  1763. 

(VI)  John  (2),  son  of  John  (i)  Peck,  was 
born  November  12,  1742,  in  Greenwich.  He 
served  as  a  soldier  in  the  French  war ;  was  in 
the  caiiijiaign  of  1759,  and  remained  in  the 
army  until  the  treaty  of  peace  in  1763.  In 
1772  he  removed  from  Greenwich  to  that  part 
of  Great  Nine  Partners,  which  is  now  the  town 
of  Stanford,  Dutchess  county,  New  York.  Late 
in  1780  he  again  removed  to  that  part  of  Little 
Nine  Partners,  which  is  now  the  town  of 
Milan,  in  the  same  county,  where  he  lived  until 
May,  1788.  when  he  returned  to  Stanford.  In 
1792  he  removed  to  the  west  of  the  Hudson 
river,  now  the  town  of  Hunter,  Greene  county. 
New  York.  On  account  of  the  unfavorable 
climate  and  remote  situation  of  this  location, 
he  removed  again,  in  February,  1785,  to  the 
town  of  Sherburne,  Chenango  county.  New 
\  ork.  He  lived  there  and  in  the  adjoining 
town  of  Norwich  until  his  death,  in  Sherburne, 
September  19,  1819.  After  his  removal  from 
Greenwich,  in  1772,  he  lived  always  on  the 
borders  of  civilization  and  endured  all  the 
hardships  and  labors  of  frontier  life.  He  was 
one  of  the  most  enterprising  and  valuable 
pioneers  in  the  settlement,  of  the  state  of  New 
York.  His  occupation  was  that  of  a  farmer. 
He  had  but  little  education,  but  great  natural 
talents,  firmness  and  energy.  He  married, 
October,  1764,  Sarah,  daughter  of  Nathan 
Northrop,  of  Salem,  New  York.  She  was  born 
in  the  latter  place,  October  28,  1746,  died  in 
Smyrna,  New  York,  November  11,  1830.  Chil- 
dren, bom  in  Greenwich:  Samuel,  1763,  died 
1768;  Joel,  December  2,  1767;  Sarah,  Decem- 
ber I,  1769:  Mary,  October  28,  1771.  P>orn  in 
Stanford:  Phebe,  August  16,  1774:  Stephen, 
October,  1776,  died  there,  December,  1777; 
Stephen  Northrop,  May  14,  1778,  mentioned 
below;  John,  September  11,  1780.  P>orn  in 
Milan:  Nathan,  January  27,  1783;  Betsey, 
April  I,  1786. 

(VII)  Stephen  Northrop,  son  of  John  (2) 
Peck,  was  born  in  Stanford,  New  York,  May 
14,  1778.  He  was  a  farmer  by  ocupation,  and 
one  of  the  first  settlers  of  the  town  of  Solon, 
New  York.  1800.  He  died  there,  August  17, 
1874.    He  was  a  man  of  genial  characteristics. 

sound  common  sense  and  agreeable  habits,  and 
as  such  was  esteemed  by  all  who  knew  him. 
He  married  (first)  Lydia  Philips,  December 
4,  1800,  and  (second)  Clarissa  Hobart,  Octo- 
ber 3,  1849.  Children,  born  in  Solon :  Polly, 
September  22,  1801  ;  Lyman,  December  24. 
1803.  mentioned  below;  Hiram.  May  25,  1806; 
Nathan,  January  31,  i8ck);  Emily,  October  15, 
1811;  Stephen  N.,  May  13,  1814;  Piatt,  June 
II,  1817;  Smith  \\'.,  Niarch  25,  1820;  John, 
June  10,  1823;  Sally.  October  8,  1825. 

(VIII)  Lyman,  son  of  Stephen  Northrop 
Peck,  was  born  December  24,  1803,  in  Solon, 
and  died  at  Cortland,  New  York,  April  30, 
1877.  He  was  a  farmer  in  his  native  town 
during  the  major  part  of  his  active  business 
life.  After  he  retired  he  lived  in  Cortland. 
He  was  a  member  of  the  P)aptist  church,  at 
Solon.  In  politics  he  was  a  Re]niblican.  He 
married,  September  25,  1828,  Alniira  Thomp- 
son, born  October  10.  1806,  died  June  25,  1896. 
She  was  a  daughter  of  Zenas  Thompson,  of 
Scotch  ancestry,  from  one  of  the  families  that 
came  to  New  England  early.  Children:  i.  Dr. 
Northrop  J.,  a  dentist  of  Independence,  Iowa: 
died  July  16,  1888.  2.  Lyman  Jr.,  farmer  and 
justice  of  the  peace  at  Solon  ;  died  January  30, 
1887.  3.  Hon.  Rufus  T.,  mentioned  below.  4. 
Charles  Townley,  mentioned  below.  5.  Dr. 
Melvin  D.,  phvsician  and  surgeon  in  the  pen- 
sion department  at  W'ashington,  D.  C.  6.  Bur- 
dett.  dietl  in  Canada,  in  1867.  7.  Euphemia, 
died  in  infancy. 

(IX)  Hon.  Rufus  T.  Peck,  son  of  Lyman 
Peck,  was  born  in  Solon,  December  24,  1836. 
and  died  July  24,  1900.  at  .\ul)in-n.  New  York. 
His  early  education  w,as  obtained  in  the  com- 
mon schools,  and  at  the  New  York  Central 
College,  and,  for  fourteen  years,  he  was  a 
successful  school  teacher.  For  three  years  he 
was  in  business  as  a  general  merchant  in  his 
native  town.  In  the  fall  of  1874  he  was  elect- 
ed, on  the  Rejiublican  ticket,  to  the  office  of 
school  commissioner  of  the  northern  district 
of  Cortland  county,  was  reelected,  and  served 
two  terms.  He  was  nominated  again,  but  de- 
clined a  third  term.  He  read  law  in  the  office 
of  Hon.  R.  Holland  Duell,  of  Cortland,  and 
was  admitted  to  the  bar  at  the  January  term 
of  the  supreme  court,  held  at  Albany,  in  1876, 
but  he  ])racticed  law  only  in  connection  with 
his  own  business  affairs.  In  I'ebruary,  1876, 
he  became  financially  interested  in  the  jiublish- 
ing  business  of  Major  L.  11.  Evarts,  of  Phila- 

Sfte/den  .A  .9ecA 



NEW  Y(  )RK. 

1 30' 

delpliia,  and  the  firm  became  Evarts  &  Peck, 
publishers  of  many  city  and  county  histories 
in  the  L^nited  States. 

In  the  fall  of  1888  he  was  elected  assembly- 
man from  Cortland  county,  and  served  three 
terms  with  distinction,  from  1889  to  i8gi. 
None  of  his  predecessors  had  been  honored 
with  three  terms  since  the  earliest  years  of  the 
county.  \\  ith  good  reason  he  could  regard 
his  legislative  career  with  pride  ami  satisfac- 
tion. He  was  one  of  the  most  industrious  and 
energetic,  as  well  as  one  of  the  ablest  of  mem- 
bers, attending  promptly  and  faithfully  to  any 
local  business  committed  to  him,  whether  by 
his  political  friends  or  his  opponents.  ISecause 
of  his  business  training,  his  popularity  and 
great  influence  with  fellow-legislators,  he  took 
a,  position  of  leadership  in  the  assembly  and 
secured  the  jiassage  of  a  number  of  important 
bills,  among  which  may  be  mentinued  the  "dis- 
trict quota"  bill,  in  accordance  with  which  the 
school  money  was  afterward  apportioned 
among  the  school  districts  of  the  state.  He 
was  also  instrumental  in  securing  the  enact- 
ment of  the  law  making  the  first  appropriation 
for  the  State  Normal  School,  at  Cortland.  In 
1893,  while  Cortland  was  joined  with  C)non- 
daga  county  in  a  state  senatorial  district,  Mr. 
Peck  was  the  Republican  candidate  for  state 
senator,  but  was  prevented  from  taking  the 
office,  after  election,  on  account  of  the  mi.xing 
of  ballots  between  difl^erent  districts  in  Onon- 
daga county.  With  the  vote  of  the  districts 
in  which  the  wrong  ballots  were  used,  Mr. 
Peck  was  elected,  but  without  them  he  was 
defeated  and  the  court  construed  the  ballot 
law  in  such  a  way  that  the  will  of  the  ])eoplc 
was  defeated.  In  his  church  relations  Mr. 
Peck  was  a  Baj^tist,  uniting  with  that  denomi- 
nation in  early  manhood,  and  for  many  years 
trustee  of  the  First  Baptist  Church,  of  Cort- 
land. During  the  last  year  of  his  life,  his 
health  was  failing,  and  he  was  in  a  private 
sanitarium,  at  Auburn,  at  the  time  of  death. 

He  married  (first),  June  25,  1859,  Susan 
Wells,  born  August  22.  1835,  in  Kings  town- 
ship, Ontario,  Canada,  and  died  at  Cortland, 
New  York,  August  31,  1889.  He  married 
(second),  December  14.  1892,  Jeanette  Dut- 
ton,  of  Perry,  Iowa.  Children,  all  by  first 
wife:  I.  Louise  N.,  born  July  8,  i860:  mar- 
ried William  E.  Albee,  of  Minneapolis.  2. 
Arthur  R.,  born  March  28,  1862,  real  estate 
agent  and  broker  at  Syracuse,  New  York; 
married  Carrie  Aldrich,  and  has  one  son,  .\ld- 

rich  R..  born  in  1896.  3.  Frank  John,  men- 
tioned below.  4.  Fred  Ross,  born  August  28, 
1869,  a  coal  dealer  in  Syracuse,  New  York. 

(X)  Frank  John,  son  of  Hon.  Rufus  T. 
Peck,  was  born  in  Aurora,  province  of  Ontario, 
Canada,  March  15,  1864.  When  he  was  about 
a  year  old,  however,  his  parents  returned  to 
New  \''ork,  and  located  at  Solon,  Cortland 
county.  He  attentled  the  puljlic  schools  there 
and  at  Cortland,  whither  the  family  removed 
when  he  was  ten  years  old.  For  a  time  he 
was  a  student  in  the  State  Normal  School.  He 
was  in  the  employ  of  Cobb  &  Perkins,  a  whole- 
sale concern,  for  a  3'ear.  His  business  career 
really  began,  however,  in  the  National  Rank  of 
Cortland,  in  which  he  became  a  clerk  in  1882. 
His  ability  and  faithfulness  wt)n  him  promotion, 
and  he  became,  in  the  course  of  time,  the 
cashier,  a  position  he  has  filled  with  signal  suc- 
cess and  discretion  since  1889.  He  is  a  di- 
rector in  the  Cortland  National  Bank,  and 
treasurer  of  the  Warren-Tanner  Dry  Goods 
Company,  of  Cortland.  For  two  terms  he  was 
treasurer  of  the  incorporated  village  of  Cort- 
land. He  is  treasurer  of  the  Presbyterian 
church,  of  which  he  is  a  prominent  worker. 
Ill  politics  he  is  a  Republican. 

He  married,  June  10,  1894,  Annie,  daugh- 
ter of  Samuel  Keator  ( see  Keator  VIII ).  They 
have  one  child,  Susan,  iKirn  i^eiitember  22. 

( IX  )  Charles  Townley,  son  of  layman  Peck, 
was  born  in  Solon,  September  10,  1848,  died 
in  Cortland,  February  i,  1905.  He  was  edu- 
cated in  the  schools  of  Solon,  also  the  old 
academy  at  McCJrawville,  and  the  Cortland 
Normal  School.  For  several  years  he  taught 
school  in  Solon,  and  was  in  business  tiiere 
later.  He  kept  a  general  store  anrl  was  post- 
master. In  1882  he  removed  to  Cortland  and 
began  the  manufacture  of  horse  powders,  in 
which  business  he  continued  until  his  death. 
For  twii  years  he  served  as  trustee  of  the 
village  of  Cortland.  He  was  a  Republican  in 
|)olitics  and  a  member  of  the  Methodist  church. 
He  was  also  a  member  of  Cortlandville  Loilgc, 
I'Vee  and  .Accepted  Masons.  He  married,  .April 
17,  1878,  in  Washington,  D.  C,  Kate  McClel- 
land, daughter  of  John  and  Catherine  Eliza- 
beth (Hodgson)  McClelland,  of  Washington. 
Her  father,  John  McOelland,  was  born  in 
Washington,  and  died  there,  in  1885,  aged 
sixty-nine  years.  He  was  a  machinist  by  trade, 
and  had  an  iron  foundry.  He  was  the  inven- 
tor of  a  fire  plug  that  is  still  used.     In   1861 



he  was  made  captain  of  Company  D.  District 
of   Columbia    Volunteers,    and    served    in   the 
defense  of  Washington  until  relieved  by  the 
northern   troops.     In   1845   he  married   Cath- 
erme   Elizabeth   Hodgson,  who  died  in   1872, 
aged  fifty-two  years.    He  was  the  son  of  John 
McClelland,   who   was  bom   in  Londonderry, 
Ireland,  1774,  of  Scotch  parents.     He  came  to 
America  and  settled  in  Frederick,  Maryland, 
but,  m   1800.  removed  to  Washington,  where 
he  was  one  of  the  first  settlers.     He  was  a 
Presbyterian,  was  the  first  trustee  of  the  old 
church,  which  is  now  known  as  the  New  York 
Avenue    Presbyterian    Church.     He    married 
Mary  Miller,  of  Frederick,  and  after  his  mar- 
riage he  and  his  wife  started  on  horseback  on 
their  wedding  journey  for  Washington.     He 
died  in   1845.     Children  of  Charles  Townley 
Peck:     I.  Charles  Vernon,  born  in  Cortland, 
December  6,    1882,  educated   in   the  Cortland 
Normal  School,  now  a  member  of  the  Peck 
Furniture    Company,    of    Cortland;    married 
August  2-],  1908,  Josephine  E.  Pinney,  of  Ell- 
ington, Connecticut ;  one  son,  Charles  Vernon, 
born  October  31,  1909.     2.  Elizabeth  McClel- 
land, born  April  27,   1886;  married.  Ottober 
II,  1910,  Willis  A.  Schleit,  of  Syracuse,  New 
York,  assistant  salesmanager  for  Pierce,  But- 
ler &  Pierce,  of  Syracuse. 

(VIII)  John  Peck,  son  of  Stephen 
PECK     Northrop  Peck    (q.  v.),  was  born 
at  Solon,  June  10,  1823,  died  May 
21,  1888.     He  succeeded  to  the  homestead  of 
his  father  and  followed  farming  all  his  active 
years.      In   addition   he   owned   several   other 
valuable  farms  in  Solon  and  other  real  estate 
in  Cortland,  and  was  a  prosperous  and  sub- 
stantial citizen.     He  was  an  active  and  promi- 
nent member  of  the  Baptist  church.     He  mar- 
ried, July  23,  1862,  Caroline  Kinney,  born  at 
Cortland,  New  York,  April  9,  1842,  daughter 
of  Buel  and  Charlotte  Ann  (Leonard)  Kinney. 
Children:  i.  Lottie  Maria,  born  July  21    i86v 
married    (first),   February  22,    1883,   John  C.' 
Peet;  (second)    Emmett  Jennings, 'a  druggist 
of  Cortland.     2.  Linus  W.,  mentioned  below. 
3.  Miles  John,  mentioned  below.  4.  Ida  Louise, 
born    October   4,    1871  ;   married,   October   4,' 
1899,  Earl  B.  Lovell,  head  of  the  engineering 
department    of    Columbia    University,     New 
York   City.      5.    Cora    Etta,   born    March    14, 
1874;  married,  August  13,  1896,  Carlos  [.Cole- 
man, attorney  and  farmer. 

(IX)   Linus  Willard,  son  of  fohn  Peck,  was 

born  May  16,  1866,  in  Solon,  New  York,  and 
was  educated  in  the  union  schools  at  McGraw- 
ville,  and  at  the  Eastman  Business  College,  at 
Poughkeepsie,   New  York.     When  his   father 
died  in   1888,  he  succeeded  to  the  homestead, 
which  he  still  owns,  and  for  several  years  he 
carried  on  the  farm.     In  1894  he  removed  to 
Cortland,  New  York,  and  afterward,  in  part- 
nership with  his  brother,  Miles  J.   Peck,  en- 
gaged in  business  there  under  the  firm  name 
of  Peck  Brothers,  dealers  in  all  kinds  of  farm 
machinery  and  implements,  farm  wagons  and 
horse    furnishing   goods.      In    1897    the   firm 
established  a   lumber  business   in  addition  to 
the  other  lines  of  trade.     In   1902  Mr.   Peck 
withdrew   from  the  firm  and  engaged  in  the 
wholesale  lumber  trade  and  has  continued  suc- 
cessfully to  the  present  time,  with  offices  at 
Cortland.     He  has  also  extensive  farming  and 
real  estate  interests  in  Cortland  and  vicinity. 
He  is  a  member  of  the  Baptist  church,  and  is 
holding  the  office  of  deacon.     In  politics  he  is 
a  Prohibitionist.     He  married.   Tune   i,   1887, 
Jennie  L.   Smith,  born  at  Cortlandville,  New 
York.  y\pril  6.  1867,  daughter  of  Ephraim  and 
Louise  (Henderson)   Smith.     Her  father  was 
a  soldier  in  the  Union  army  in  the  civil  war,  a 
private   in   Company   A,   One    Hundred    and 
Fifty-seventh  New  York  Regiment,  and  took 
part  in  fourteen  hard-fought  engagements  and 
several  other  skirmishes.    Children  of  Mr.  and 
Mrs.   Peck:  Lena  May,  born  March  8,   1889: 
John  Carl,  February  i,  1895. 

(IX)   Miles  John,  son  of    lohn   Peck,  was 
born   in   Solon,   New  York,   RIarch    10,    1869. 
He  attended  the  district  schools  of  his  native 
town  and  the  New  York  Central  College,  at 
McGrawville,  New  York.    After  the  death  of 
his    father,   he   had    the   management   of   five 
farms  belonging  to  the  estate,  comprising  five 
hundred   and   ten   acres,   and   continued   until 
1893.  when,  owing  to  an  injury  received  in  a 
railroad  wreck  while  he  was  on  his  way  to  the 
World's  Fair  in  Chicago,  he  had  to  give  up 
farming.     For  a  time  he  represented  the  Mc- 
Cormick   farm  machinery  in  this  section  and 
carried  on  an  extensive  business  in  that  line 
for  several   years.     He   sold   sixty-three   ma- 
chines the  first  season  and  to  celebrate  his  suc- 
cess, invited  his  customers  to  a  banquet  and 
had  a  parade  with  a  brass  band.    He  was  also 
for  a  time  employed  in  the  Cortland  Foundry 
and  Machine  Company.     In  1896  he  formed  a 
partnership  with  his  brother,  Linus  W.,  under 
the  firm   name  of  Peck   Brothers.     The  firm 




began  business  February  i.  1896,  in  the  store 
at  97  Main  street,  Cortlancl,  with  a  spacious 
storehouse  in  the  rear,  deahng  in  agricultural 
machinery,  farm  implements,  wagons,  sleighs, 
horse  furnishing  goods  and  farm  supplies.  In 
1897  the  firm  engaged  also  in  the  lumber  busi- 
ness, and,  April  i,  1899,  moved  to  the  armory, 
on  Main  street.  This  building  had  a  floor 
space  of  eighty  by  two  hundred  and  twenty 
feet,  and  was  divided  into  two  departments. 
The  horse  furnishing  department,  manufactory, 
warerooms  and  office  occupied  a  space  thirty 
by  sixty,  and  the  display  rooms  for  implements, 
machinery  and  vehicles  the  remainder  of  the 
building.  The  lumber  yard  was  in  the  rear  of 
this  building.  After  ten  years  the  firm  was 
dissolved  and  Linus  W.  continued  in  the  lum- 
ber business,  while  Miles  J.  was  employed  by 
the  Equitable  Life  Insurance  Company,  of 
New  York,  for  a  time.  He  has  been  interested 
in  various  other  enterprises  and  all  of  them 
have  proved  successful.  He  bought  five  hun- 
dred acres  of  timber  land  in  Solon,  New  York, 
cleared  it  and  made  a  handsome  profit.  In 
1907  he  bought  the  Wickwire  farm  of  one 
hundred  and  seventy-two  acres,  near  the  city 
of  Cortland. 

Probably  no  dairy  in  Central  New  York  is 
attracting  more  attention  from  people  inter- 
ested in  fancy  stock  than  this.  The  farm  was 
for  years  in  possession  of  the  Wickwire 
Brothers  and  was  known  far  and  near  as  the 
"Wickwire"  farm.  It  now  enjoys  just  as  great 
prominence  as  the  "Peck"  farm,  and  it  is  an 
interesting  fact  that  at  one  time  it  was  owned 
by  Moses  Kinney,  a  greatgrandfather  of  Mr. 

Having  in  view  the  creation  of  a  model  dairy 
farm,  Mr.  Peck  began  at  once  to  rearrange 
and  enlarge  the  barns,  which  with  the  erection 
of  three  silos  gives  him  ample  room  to  carry 
on  the  dairy  business  with  the  least  possible 
expense.  With  the  buildings  in  readiness  he 
began  the  formation  of  a  dairy  that  has  become 
famous  over  a  wide  territory.  It  is  at  the  pres- 
ent time  composed  of  seventy-six  grade  Hol- 
steins,  and  the  amount  of  milk  obtained  from 
them  is  enormous,  as  will  be  seen  farther  along 
in  this  article.  The  stables  are  white  as  lime 
can  make  them,  and  they  are  kept  very  neat, 
a  feature  that  counts  for  much  in  the  disposal 
of  milk. 

Sixty-eight  cows  are  milked  and  the  amount 
they  produce  is  the  test  of  their  value.  At  the 
present   time   the   yield    from   the   sixty-eight 

cows  is  one  thousand  five  hundred  and  fifty 
(|uarts,  or  an  average  of  forty-nine  pounds  a 
clay  to  a  cow.  This  gives  a  sum  total  of  nearly 
three  thousand  three  hundred  pounds  each  day. 

Of  course  some  of  the  cows  are  greater  pro- 
ducers than  others,  and  a  few  individual  rec- 
ords will  be  interesting.  One  of  the  herd  gives 
ninety-one  pounds  a  day,  two  others  eighty- 
five  pounds  each,  and  fifteen  others  an  average 
of  seventy  pounds  each,  and  it  may  be  well  to 
state  that  only  two  milkings  are  made  in  a  day. 
Thirty  of  the  cows  produce  an  average  of  sixty 
pounds  a  day,  or  twenty-eight  forty-quart  cans. 
These  figures  seem  startling,  and  they  are 
startling  to  one  not  familiar  with  present-day 
dairying,  and  they  place  the  Peck  herd  among 
the  leading  dairies  of  the  state. 

The  amount  of  feed  consumed  by  this  dairy 
is  another  interesting  feature,  for  to  produce 
such  extraordinary  results  the  cows  must  be 
well  fed  and  watered.  In  round  numbers  the 
entire  herd  is  given  the  following  ration  daily: 
One  thousand  one  hundred  pounds  of  mixed 
grain,  one  thousand  pounds  of  cabbage,  six 
hundred  and  fifty  pounds  of  hay  and  one  thou- 
sand five  hundred  and  fifty  pounds  of  ensilage. 
The  cows  are  all  watered  in  the  stalls.  The 
milk  goes  daily  to  McGrawville,  where  it  is 
cooled  and  then  shipjied  to  New  York. 

To  keep  up  the  high  standard  of  his  dairy  Mr. 
Peck  is  continually  buying  and  selling,  and  the 
calves  he  hires  raised  to  the  age  of  three  years 
by  outside  parties  whose  land  is  not  as  valuable 
as  his  is.  He  has  customers  for  his  stock  all 
over  the  country,  and  especially  on  Long 
Island  is  the  demand  for  cows  from  "Peck's 
dairy"  very  great. 

Notwithstanding  the  large  amount  of  feed 
consumed  bv  his  stock,  Mr.  Peck  raises  an 
ample  supply  and  really  has  more  ensilage  than 
he  can  use.  Some  of  the  land  raises  fine  tim- 
othy hay,  but  instead  of  feeding  this  he  sells 
it  and  buys  alfalfa.  What  new  seeding  he 
does  is  entirely  to  clover  instead  of  timothy. 
By  rea.son  of  the  large  quantity  of  fertilizer  he 
has,  the  land  yields  heavy  crops,  and  Mr.  Peck 
buys  the  best  of  seed  obtainable.  For  instance, 
last  year  he  sent  to  Wisconsin  for  twenty-five 
bushels  of  a  species  of  heavy  yielding  oats, 
paying  fifty  dollars,  or. two  dollars  a  bushel. 
The  yield  on  nine  acres  was  eight  hundred 
bushels,  while  the  ordinary  crop  of  our  com- 
mon oats  is  about  fifty  bushels  to  the  acre. 
And  now  Mr.  Peck  is  selling  part  of  these 
oats  at  one  dollar  and  a  half  a  bushel  for  seed. 


NKW  ^■()RK^ 

Mr.  Peck  has  established  one  of  the  largest, 
if  not  the  largest,  market  of  the  highest  grade 
Holstein  cattle  in  the  state  of  New  York. 

He  is  a  member  of  Vesta  Lodge,  Independ- 
•ent  Order  of  Odd  F"ellows,  and  of  the  Baptist 
church,  and  was  sii])erintendent  of  the  First 
Baptist  Church  Sunday  school  for  five  years. 

He  married,  December  26,  1889,  (jertrude 
M.,  daughter  of  Ephraim  and  Louisa  (Hender- 
son)  Smith,  of  Cortland,  and  sister  of  his 
brother's  wife.  Children :  Elizabeth  L.,  born 
in  Solon.  1893 ;  Stanley,  died  aged  eighteen 
months;  Lawrence  (twin),  born  in  Cortland, 
December  18,  1902;  Leslie,  twin  of  Lawrence. 

Captain  James  Sands,  the  immi- 
SANDS  grant  ancestor,  is  said  to  have 
come  from  Reading,  Berkshire, 
England.  He  was  born  in  England,  in  1622. 
The  history  of  Block  Island  asserts  that  he 
was  son  of  Henry  Sands  (Saudis  or  Sandys), 
of  Boston,  the  first  of  the  name  in  this  country, 
but  it  ap])ears  more  likely  that  the  two  were 
brothers.  Henry  was  at  Rowley  in  1639,  and 
admitted  a  freeman  October  6,  1640;  returned 
to  Boston  before  1648,  when  he  assigned  a 
(|uarter  interest  in  the  ship  "Welcome"  ;  died 
in  1651.  His  first  child  was  born  in  iC)38, 
according  to  the  records. 

Captain  James  Sands  is  said  to  have  come 
first  to  Plymouth,  in  New  England.  The  his- 
tory of  Block  Island  relates  in  detail  the  story 
of  his  contract  to  build  a  house  for  the  famous 
Airs.  Anne  Hutchinson,  in  1642,  after  she  was 
exiled  from  Boston.  He  abandoned  the  job, 
after  a  threatening  visit  from  the  Indians,  and 
Mrs.  Hutchinson  and  her  entire  household 
were  slain  in  the  house  afterward.  Eastches- 
ter,  where  the  house  was  located,  could  be 
reached  by  vessel  from  Long  Island  sound. 
Sands  had  a  grant  of  land  next  the  "round 
meadow,"  in  Portsmouth,  October  5,  1643,  and 
he  bought  more  land  in  1654.  He  was  a  free- 
man in  1655,  and  a  commissioner  of  Rhode 
Island  in  1637,  but  on  account  of  illness  could 
not  serve.  He  was  one  of  the  original  settlers 
(if  lilock  Island  (or  New  Shoreham).  Rhode 
Island,  and,  in  1661,  received  Lot  Xo.  12,  in 
the  north  part  of  the  island,  in  the  first  division. 
In  1664  he  was  ordered  to  c(jme  before  the 
governor  of  Rhode  Island  to  qualify  as  con- 
stable or  conservator  of  the  ])eace  at  Block 
Island,  the  governiuent  of  whicli  Rhode  Island 
assumed.  He  was  the  first  de]iuty  to  the  gen- 
eral assembly.      In    1670  he  and   four  others 

were  appointed  to  make  a  rate  and  assess  taxes 
there.  In  1671  he  sold  his  property  at  Ports- 
mouth. During  King  Philip's  war  he  was 
assistant  warden.  .\  large  storehouse  was 
garrisoned  by  him  and  the  women  and  children 
of  the  island  gathered  there  for  safety.  Three 
French  privateers  landed  a  force  on  the  island, 
July  3,  1689,  plundered  the  inhabitants,  killed 
their  cattle,  etc.,  making  headquarters  in  the 
house  of  Sands,  "which  was  large  and  ac- 
comadable  for  their  purpose  and  not  far  from 
the  harbor."  His  will,  with  codicil,  dated  Feb- 
ruary 24,  1695.  was  proved  May  6,  1695,  his 
wife  Sarah  named  as  executrix.  To  his  chil- 
dren he  bequeathed  four  hundred  acres  of 
land,  fifty-six  head  of  cattle,  three  hundred 
sheep,  horses,  thirty  swine,  a  negro  woman, 
house,  barn,  mill  and  considerable  other  per- 
sonal estate.  His  widow  Sarah  gave  the 
negress  Hannah,  March  9,  1699,  to  her  grand- 
daughter, Sarah  Sands,  daughter  of  Eilward  ; 
the  negress  Sarah  to  granddaughter.  Catherine 
Niles;  a  negro  boy  to  grandson.  Sands  Ray- 
mond, and  a  negro  girl  Rose  to  granddaughter, 
Elizabeth  Raymond,  the  slave  girls  to  be  free  at 
the  age  of  thirty,  the  boy  at  thirty-three.  The 
widow's  will  was  dated  October  17,  1703.  and 
[proved  June  13,  1709,  bec|ueathing  considerable 
personal  property  to  children  and  grandchil- 
dren. His  gravestone  is  standing  at  Block 
Island.  He  died  March  13,  1695.  He  mar- 
ried Sarah  Walker.  In  religion  he  was  a  Bap- 
tist and  a  friend  of  Roger  Williams.  He  was 
the  first  freeman  on  the  island  and  the  fore- 
most citizen,  the  first  deputy  to  the  general 
court  and  he  ]irocured  the  citizenship  of  the 
islanders  and  ])rocured  the  to\\'n  charter.  Three 
of  his  four  sons  removed  to  Cow  Neck,  now 
Sands  Point,  on  Long  Island  on  the  sound, 
though  they  kept  their  farms  on  the  island  and 
returned  every  spring  to  shear  their  sheep. 
Children  :  i.  John,  mentioned  below.  2.  Sarah, 
married,  February  14,  1671,  Nathaniel  Niles. 
3.  Mercy,  married,  .\pril  29,  1683.  Joshua  Ray- 
mond. 4.  James,  married  Mary  Cornell ;  willed 
rights  in  (ioshen.  Orange  county.  New  York. 
5.  Samuel,  lived  at  Cow  Neck,  will  proved  in 
Rhode  Island,  1716.  6.  Edward,  born  1672, 
died  1708. 

(  II  )  John,  son  of  Captain  James  Sands,  was 
born  in  1652,  and  died  at  Cow  Neck,  Long 
Island,  .March  15,  1712:  married  Sybil  Ray, 
born  March  19,  1665,  died  December  23,  1733, 
daughter  of  Simon  and  Mary  (Thomas)  Ray. 
He    was    deputy    to   the   general   assembly   in 



1678-80-yo:  captain  in  i()8o.  and  freeman  in 
1684.  In  1696  lie  removed  from  Block  Island 
to  Cow  Xeck.  He  and  his  wife  are  buried  in 
the  famil\-  lot,  which  he  gave  for  the  jnirpose 
of  a  burial  ground.  He  bought  his  farm  at 
Cow  Neck,  in  iCk^i,  of  Richard  Cornell,  of 
Rockaway,  adjoining  the  farm  of  his  brother, 
Samuel  Sands.  Children :  John,  mentioned 
below;  Nathaniel,  liorn  1687:  Edward,  i6yi  ; 
George,  1694:  Mary,  1(197:  Catherine,  1700; 
Dorothy,  1703:  Abigail,  1708. 

(Ill)  John  (2),  son  of  Captain  John  (2) 
Sands,  was  born  in  ESlock  Island,  January  22, 
1683-84,  and  died  on  the  homestead,  Cow 
Neck,  August  15,  1763.  The  gravestones  of 
both  John  and  wife  are  preserved  in  the  Sands 
burying-ground  at  Cow  Neck.  He  lived  at 
Cow  Neck  until  ten  years  after  his  marriage 
and  then  moved  to  the  interior  of  Cow  Neck, 
where  he  lived  until  about  1733,  when  he  re- 
moved to  his  father's  homestead,  which  he 
purchased  from  his  brother  Nathaniel.  He 
married  at  .Newport,  Rhode  Island.  September 
9,  1706,  Catherine,  daughter  of  Robert  (iuth- 
rie.  She  was  born  on  Pdock  Island,  June  24, 
1690,  and  died  at  Cow  Neck,  February  10, 
1769.  His  will  was  dated  February  27,  1759, 
and  was  proved  September  30,  1763.  Chil- 
dren (authority.  Bunker's  "Long  Island  Gene- 
alogies") :  I.  John,  born  1708;  married  (first), 
in  1734,  Elizabeth  Sands;  (second),  1736,  Eliz- 
abeth Cornell.  2.  Robert,  December  26,  17 10; 
died  unmarried,  Ajjril  12,  1735.  3.  Edward, 
January  17,  1711-12;  ancestor  of  all  the  pres- 
ent families  of  this  surname  on  Block  Island. 
4.  Mary,  1715,  died  March  15,  1724.  3.  George, 
1717,  died  young  probabl}'  (not  the  George 
who  died  January  15,  1777).  6.  Anne,  March 
16,  1719;  married  (first)  Christopher  Dean; 
(second)  David  Brooks.  7.  Nathaniel,  No- 
vember 30,  1721,  died  1783:  married  Alercy 
Sands.  8.  Joshua,  March  22,  1725,  died  1787. 
9.  Simon,  July  12,  1727,  died  1782:  married 
(first)  Catherine  Tredwell,  (second)  Sarah 
Sands.  10.  ("lideon,  October  22,  1729;  married 
Mary  Sands.  11.  Mary,  born  about  1731-32; 
married  Samuel  Gifford.  12.  George,  men- 
tioned below.  13.  Benjamin,  November,  1735, 
died  1824;  married  Mary  Jackson.  (Some 
records   from  "Descent  of  Comfort  Sands"). 

(I\')  George,  son  of  John  (2)  Sands,  was 
b(.irn  .April  17,  1733,  at  Sand  I'oint,  and  died 
in  Middletown,  Delaware  county.  New  York, 
August  8,  1816.  He  married  Jemima,  daugh- 
ter of  Abel  and  Ruth   Smith.     He  settled"  at 

Middletown,  Delaware  county,  where  he  fol- 
lowed farming.  Among  his  children  was  Abel, 
mentioned  below. 

(\')  Abel,  son  of  George  Sands,  was  born 
.\pril  9,  1758,  and  died  at  Middletown,  New 
York,  June  11,  1821.  He  married  Elizabeth 
llrooks,  of  Poughkeejisie,  New  York,  and  she 
died  September  8,  1825,  aged  fifty-seven  years. 
Children:  Edward;  Isaac:  (ieorge  H.,  men- 
tioned below,  and  several  daughters. 

(  \T  )  ( ieorge  H.,  son  of  Abel  Sands,  was 
born  in  Middletown,  June  5.  1792,  and  died 
there,  February  24,  1849.  He  was  educated 
in  the  district  schools  and  followed  farming. 
He  was  also  a  general  merchant,  postmaster  of 
the  town,  and  justice  of  the  peace.  In  his 
younger  days  he  was  active  and  prominent  in 
the  state  militia,  rising  to  the  rank  of  colonel 
in  command  of  his  regiment.  He  was  espe- 
cially zealous  in  promoting  the  welfare  and 
assisting  in  the  development  of  the  town  and 
region  in  which  he  lived.  l:>y  his  first  wife, 
he  had  several  children.     He  married  (second) 

Jane,  daughter  of  Samuel  and (  Yaple) 

Smith,  born  May  4.  1817.  She  is  now  living 
with  her  son  in  Cortlan  ',  at  the  advanced  age 
of  ninety-four  years.  Children  of  second  wife: 
I.  Ellen  Jane,  living  with  her  brother,  George 
S.  Sands.  2.  George  S.  (posthumous),  men- 
tioned below.  Jane  (Smith)  Sands  married 
(second)  Chancy  Keator,  by  whom  she  had 
two  children:  Mary  .'\Iida,  deceased  wife  of 
William  J.  Walker,  and  Livia  Elizabeth,  wife 
of  Clark  Olds,  of  Erie,  Pennsylvania. 

( YII )  Hon.  George  Smith  Sands,  son  of 
George  H.  Sands,  was  born  in  Middletown, 
August  19,  1849,  and  attended  the  public 
schools  there.  Pie  was  afterward  a  student  at 
Andes  Collegiate  Institute,  Andes,  Delaware 
county,  and  Delaware  Academy,  at  Delhi,  New 
York;  in  1867-68  he  attended  the  Cortland- 
ville  .Academy,  and  in  the  winter  of  i868-6()  he 
was  employed  in  the  First  National  Bank  of 
Cortland,  whither  the  family  removed  in  April, 
1867.  The  experience  and  training  he  received 
in  the  bank  he  found  of  incalculable  value  to 
him  in  later  years.  At  the  opening  of  the 
State  Normal  School,  in  Cortland,  he  was  en- 
rolled as  one  of  the  first  students,  and  he  pur- 
sued the  classical  course  there  until  May,  1870, 
when,  deciding  to  study  law,  he  became  a  stu- 
dent in  the  office  of  M.  M.  Waters,  Esq.  In 
due  course  he  was  admitted  to  the  bar,  No- 
vember, 1873.  During  the  vacation  of  1869 
he  was  employed  in  the  large  store  of  James 



S.  Squires  &  Company.  In  1873  he  was  elect- 
ed town  clerk,  holding  the  office  for  two  years ; 
in  1876  he  was  elected  justice  of  the  peace,  and 
reelected  in  1880,  serving  for  six  years  and 
executing  the  important  duties  of  this  office  as 
magistrate  and  member  of  the  town  board  with 
fidelity  and  ability.  He  resigned  in  1883, in  order 
to  devote  his  entire  attention  to  his  practice, 
which  had  grown  rapidly  in  the  meantime.  In 
politics  Mr.  Sands  has  always  been  a  Repub- 
lican. In  1896  he  was  prominently  mentioned 
as  one  of  the  candidates  for  the  Republican 
nomination  for  justice  of  the  supreme  court, 
in  the  sixth  judicial  district.  Mr.  Sands  re- 
luctantly accepted  the  nomination  for  member 
of  assembly  at  the  convention  in  1898,  when 
the  party  was  divided  by  factional  strife,  and 
was  elected.  In  recognition  of  his  services  as 
a  wise  and  able  legislator  he  was  renominated 
the  following  year,  and  was  reelected  by  a 
united  party.  In  the  legislature  he  supported 
all  party  measures,  although  he  disagreed  with 
the  majority  of  his  party  in  some  very  import- 
ant measures  on  which  caucus  action  was  not 
taken.  As  a  member  of  the  committee  on 
codes,  claims  and  federal  relations,  he  was  re- 
quired to  devote  much  of  his  time  to  the  pre- 
liminary examination  of  proposed  laws  and  he 
became  known  as  one  of  the  few  who  gave 
such  work  conscientious  attention.  Codes  com- 
mittee stands  fourth  in  the  list  of  importance 
in  the  assembly.  In  his  second  term  he  served 
on  the  special  statutory  revision  committee, 
judiciary  and  other  important  committees.  He 
is  trustee  of  Cortland  Savings  Bank. 

Mr.  Sands  is  a  member  of  Cortlandville 
Lodge  of  Free  Masons,  No.  470;  of  Cortland 
Chapter,  No.  194,  Royal  Arch  Masons ;  and 
has  served  several  terms  as  master  of  his  lodge 
and  has  been  assistant  grand  lecturer  in  this 
district.  His  home  is  on  Main  street,  Cort- 
land.    He  is  unmarried. 

The  surname  Phelps  is  a  varia- 
PHELPS     tion  of  the  spelling  of  Phillips, 

meaning  son  of  Philip,  in  the 
case  of  the  original  ancestor  using  it.  The 
spelling  of  the  surname  has  been  varied  and  a 
number  of  different  family  names  are  traced 
to  the  same  origin.  One  family  of  the  Phelps 
claims  to  be  descended  from  the  Guelph  fam- 
ily of  Germany,  to  which  Queen  Victoria  be- 
longed, but  no  proof  in  the  records  has  been 
found  to  establish  the  claims.  Some  branches 
of  the  American  family  of  Phelps  are  descend- 

ed from  the  ancient  Phelps  family  of  Tewks- 
bury,  Gloucestershire,  England.  The  ancient 
coat-of-arms  is  described  thus :  Sable,  lion 
chained  and  rampant.  Various  branches  of 
the  family  bear  coats-of-arms  in  England. 

(I)  James  Phelps,  progenitor  of  most  of 
the  Americans  of  this  surname,  was  born  about 
1520,  and  is  supposed  to  have  been  a  brother 
of  Francis  Phylppe,  of  Nether  Tyne,  Stafford- 
shire, England.    He  married  Joan ,  who 

was  given  permission  to  administer  on  his 
estate.  May  10,  1588.  Children,  baptized  in 
the  Tewksbury  AblDcy  Church,  England :  Will- 
iam, August  4,  1 560,  mentioned  below  ;  Thomas, 
August  10,  1563;  George  (Giles),  September 
5,  1566;  Alice,  December  24,  1572,  married, 
June  21,  1595,  John  Hope;  Edward,  May  10, 
1578;  Keneline,  October  16,  1580;  Richard, 
October  16,  1583:  Robert,  July  18,  1594;  Nich- 

(II)  William,  son  of  James  Phelps,  was 
baptized  at  Tewksbury  Church,  August  4, 
1560,  died  probably  in  161 1.  He  married  Dor- 
othy   ,  who  administered  his  estate,  and 

died  in  1613.  Children,  baptized  at  Tewks- 
bury: Mary,  September  4,  1587,  died  young; 
Mary,  April  23,  1588;  Thomas,  June  24.  1590; 
Dorothy,  February  29,  1595;  William,  August 

19,  1599;  James,  July  14,  1601  ;  Elizabeth, 
May  9,  i<x)3;  George,  mentioned  below. 

(III)  George,  son  of  William  Phelps,  was 
born  at  Tewksbury,  England,  about  1606.  He 
came  to  New  England  with  his  brother  Will- 
iam, sailing  from  Plymouth,  England,  March 

20,  1630,  in  the  ship  "Mary  and  John,"  four 
hundred  tons.  Captain  Squab,  with  one  hun- 
dred and  forty  passengers;  and  landing  at  Nan- 
tasket.  now  Hull,  Massachusetts.  He  was  one 
of  the  original  thirty  settlers  at  Dorchester 
with  his  brother,  and  was  a  member  of  Rev. 
Mr.  Warham's  church.  He  had  a  grant  of  six 
acres  of  land  there,  January.  1632.  He  was 
elected  one  of  ten  men  to  order  the  affairs  of 
the  colony  for  one  year.  He  was  admitted  a 
freeman.  May  6,  1635.  In  the  fall  of  1635  he 
was  one  of  the  founders  of  Windsor,  Con- 
necticut. His  home  there  was  at  the  junction 
of  Farmington  and  Great  rivers,  the  latter 
now  the  Connecticut,  the  second  lot  south  of 
Lonmis  property,  and  a  very  desirable  farm. 
He  had  an  orchard  of  a  thousand  trees.  He 
married  (first),  in  1637,  Philury,  daughter  of 
Phili])  Randall.  Her  father  was  born  in  Eng- 
land, and  emigrated  to  New  England  in  the 
shi])  "Mary  and  John"  with  his  father.  Good- 



man  Randall,  was  in  Dorchester  in  1630,  and 
in  Windsor  in  1635.  She  was  a  member  of 
Rev.  Mr.  Warham's  church,  and  died  in  Wind- 
sor, April  29,  1648.  He  married  (second) 
Widow  Frances  Dewey,  November  16,  1648. 
Her  first  husband  was  Joseph  Clark.  He  re- 
moved to  Westfield,  Massachusetts,  in  1670, 
and  was  a  juror  at  Hartford  and  Springfield. 
His  will  is  dated  June  6,  1687.  Children  of 
first  wife,  born  at  Windsor:  Isaac,  August  26, 
1638 ;  Child,  died  1647  ;  Abraham,  January  22, 
.1641;  Child,  died  1647;  Abigail,  died  1649; 
Joseph,  born  June  24,  1647.  Children  of  sec- 
ond wife:  Jacob,  February  7,  1650,  mentioned 
below;  John,  February  15,  1651-52;  Nathaniel, 
December  9,  1653. 

(IV)  Jacob,  son  of  George  Phelps,  was  born 
in  Windsor,  February  7,  1650.  He  married, 
May  2,  1673,  Dorothy,  daughter  of  lohn  and 
Dorothy  (Lord)  Ingersoll,  born  Hartford, 
1654;  died  Westfield,  Massachusetts.  Her 
father,  John  Ingersoll,  came  from  England  to 
Hartford,  in  165 1,  and  was  of  Northampton, 
Massachusetts,  1666;  Westfield,  1668-69.  He 
married  three  times.  Dorothy  Lord  was  the 
daughter   of    Thomas    Lord,   gentleman,   and 

Dorothy  ,  of  England,  and  was  one  of 

the  first  and  most  prominent  families  of  Hart- 
ford. Jacob  Phelps  settled  in  Westfield,  and 
died  there,  October  6,  1689.  His  widow  mar- 
ried second  Mr.  Root.  Children,  born  in  West- 
field  :  Dorothy,  October  18,  1674,  died  Febru- 
ary 2,  1675 ;  Dorothy,  May  20,  1675  ;  Hannah, 
November  26,  1677;  Israel,  April  3,  1681  ; 
Benjamin,  January  8,  1683-84;  Joseph,  August 
5,  1686;  Jedediah,  mentioned  below. 

(V)  Jedediah,  son  of  Jacob  Phelps,  was 
born  m  Westfield,  December  7,  1688.  He  mar- 
ried Elizabeth  Janes,  who  died  in  Lebanon 
Connecticut,  April  10,  1757.  He  settled  in 
Lebanon,  with  three  of  his  brothers,  and  from 
1708  to  171 1  the  land  records  show  several 
purchases  of  real  estate  in  Lebanon.  He  died 
there,  February  13,  1752.  Children,  born  in 
Lebanon:  Elizabeth,  December  3,  1709;  Abi- 
gail, November  4,  1710;  Jacob,  April  16,  1713; 
Paul,  mentioned  below;  Silas,  January  27,' 
1720;  Jeremiah.  June  26,  1724;  Lucy,  June 
26,  1725;  Jedediah,  June  20,  1727. 

(VI)  Paul,  son  of  Jedediah  Phelps,  was 
born  m  Lebanon,  April  25,  1717.  He  was  a 
farmer  by  occupation,  and  settled  in  Lebanon, 
where  he  died  April  13,  1752.  He  married, 
December  11,  1740,  Jerusha,  born  in  Lebanon, 

December  6,  1720,  died  there,  March  17,  1752, 
daughter    of    William    and    Mercy    (Bailey) 
Dewey.     Children,  born  in  Lebanon :  Jemima, 
August   13,   1741;  Zerviah,  October  8,    1742; 
Jerusha,  May  29,   1744;  Lurany,  August  30, 
1746,    died   young;    Paul,    October    19,    1748, 
mentioned  below;  Lurany,  January  14,   1751. 
(VII)    Paul   (2),  son  of  Paul   (i)    Phelps, 
was  born  in  Lebanon,  October  19,  1748.     He 
married  (first)  Zerviah,  daughter  of  John  and 
Sarah    (Huntington)    Calkins.      He    married 
(second)  Theodosia  Root.     He  settled  first  in 
Lebanon,  and  after  the  death  of  his  first  wife 
removed  to   Mansfield,   Connecticut.     Thence 
he  went  to  Westfield,  Massachusetts,  and  then 
to   Pennsylvania,   where   he   died.     He  is   re- 
ferred to  in  the  will  of  his  father,  dated  No- 
vember 22,  1762.    The  Mansfield  town  records 
give  the  baptism  of  Jedediah,  October  3,  1784, 
with   the   foregoing  six   children,   "all   of  the 
household  of  Paul  and  Zerviah  Phelps."    Chil- 
dren, born  at  Lebanon:  Anna,   September   i, 
1768:  Simeon,  October  4,  1771  ;  Zerviah,  No- 
vember 16,  1773;  Elijah,  October  I,  1775.  Chil- 
dren, born  at  Westfield:  John,  May  18,  1779; 
Solomon,  April  25,    1781  ;  Jedediah,  baptized 
October  3,  1784;  Paul,  baptized  May  21,  1786, 
according  to  Mansfield  church  records,  men- 
tioned below. 

(VIII)  Paul  (3),  son  of  Paul  (2)  Phelps, 
was  born  in  Alansfield,  January  30,  1786.  He 
settled  first  in  Shaftsbury,  Vermont,  and  later 
in  Palmyra  and  Walworth,  Wayne  county, 
New  York.  He  traveled  on  the  road  with  a 
tin  peddler's  cart  for  many  years,  and  was  also 
a  farmer.  He  married,  February  21,  1809. 
Freelove  Wait,  born  October  5,  1785.  Chil- 
dren: Phebe,  born  December  29,  1809;  Per- 
milia,  August  12,  181 1  ;  Philinda,  August  9, 
1812,  married  Orswin  Shapley ;  Philo,  men- 
tioned below;  Lucy  Ann,  April  25,  1818,  mar- 
ried Wooster  Howard ;  Lyman,  December  27, 
1819;  William  Bowen,  June  14,  1822;  Arsena 
Ann,  September  24,  1825 ;  Henry  fames,  De- 
cember 5,  1827,  died  June  7,  1828." 

(IX)  Philo,  son  of  Paul  (3)  Phelps,  was 
born  September  14,  1815,  at  Shaftsbury,  Ver- 
mont, died  in  Cortland,  New  York,  September 
6,  1886.  He  is  supposed  to  have  come  to  Cort- 
land with  his  parents  when  quite  young.  He 
received  a  common  school  education,  and 
worked  for  the  Cadeys  in  Dryden,  New  York, 
for  a  number  of  years.  He  came  to  Cortland 
before  the  railroads  were  built  there,  and  did 



contract  teaming  and  trucking.  He  also  dealt 
in  butter  and  jjroduce,  which  he  took  over  the 
road  to  Albany.  Syracuse  and  Binghamton. 
He  was  actively  engaged  in  this  work  until 
within  two  years  of  his  death.  He  was  a  Re- 
publican in  politics.  He  married,  September 
I),  1837,  Rachel,  daughter  of  Royal  and  Eunice 
(  .\twater)  Shapley,  born  in  X'irgil,  New  York, 
June  2y,  1814,  died  June  17,  1892.  Children: 
I.  Andrew  S.,  born  September  2";,  1838,  soldier 
in  the  civil  war;  lives  in  Joliet,  Illinois,  manu- 
facturer. 2.  Mary  E.,  \\>r\\  8,  1840,  deceased. 
3.  William  E.,  October  21,  1841,  deceased.  4. 
.Amanda  J.,  June  5,  1843,  ^Hed  March  g,  1844. 
3.  ISyron  M.,  November  30.  1843,  with  Ijenton 
Lumber  Company,  Cortland;  married,  i8fi8, 
Nellie  Barber;  children:  Herbert  J.,  born  ( )c- 
tober  7,  1870:  Webb  Barber,  June  3,  1881, 
married  Nettie  .\.  Waldo,  daughter,  Lucy  G., 
born  March  28,  1908.  6.  Frances  A.,  October 
18,  1847,  died  September  7,  1904;  married 
(first)  Patrick  Mallory,  (second)  James  E. 
Lombard.  7.  John  Hoiuer,  mentioned  below. 
8.  Frank  A.,  l^^bruary  14,  1834,  mentioned 
below.  9.  Emily  L.,  November  6,  1838;  mar- 
ried L.  R.  Lewis. 

(X)  John  Homer,  son  of  I'hilo  I 'helps,  was 
born  in  Cortland,  August  13.  1849.  He  was 
educated  in  the  district  schools  and  at  Cortland 
Academy.  As  a  young  man  he  worked  on  a 
farm,  and  learned  the  trade  of  carpenter.  He 
worked  at  the  latter  trade  for  some  years, 
went  to  work  for  the  Benton  Lumber  Com- 
pany, of  Cortland,  in  1879,  and  has  been  with 
them  since.  He  is  the  superintendent  and 
foreman  of  the  plant,  and  a  stockholder  in  the 
company.  He  has  been  chief  engineer  of  the 
fire  department  in  Cortland  and  was  its  first 
paid  chief.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Methodist 
church.  He  married,  June  29,  1874,  Olive  L. 
Hakes,  born  in  Fabins,  New  York,  June  22, 
1 83 1,  daughter  of  Jesse  and  Catherine  (Jones) 
Hakes.  Children  :  i .  Nora,  born  March  f),  1875, 
lives  at  home.  2.  Earl  M.,  October  30,  1876, 
mentioned  below.  3.  Bertha  Lazette,  October 
18,  1882,  died  March,  1883.  4.  PVances,  Sep- 
tember 13,  1883:  married  Delmer  S.  Rowe.  of 
Cortland ;  son,  John  Phelps.  5.  Jesse  Hakes, 
mentioned  below. 

(NI)  I'larl  M.,  son  of  John  Homer  Phelps, 
was  born  in  Cortland,  October  30,  1876,  and 
was  educated  in  the  public  schools  of  Cortland, 
and  in  the  Normal  School  there.  He  also  took 
a  course  in  dairy  husbandry  at  Cornell  Uni- 
versity, and  then  went  into  the  milk  business 

in  Cortland.  He  handles  also  butter,  cheese 
and  eggs,  and  has  continued  in  the  business  for 
about  ten  years.  He  is  a  member  of  Cortland- 
ville  Lodge,  No.  470,  Free  and  .Accepted 
Masons,  of  Cortland.  In  religion  he  is  a  Meth- 
odist. He  married.  December,  1902,  Jessie 
Price,  born  in  Liverpool,  New  York,  May  24, 
1874,  daughter  of  William  Joshua  Taylor  and 
Mary  .Ann  (Leii-f)  Price.  Her  father  was 
"  born  in  Poulshot.  Wiltshire,  England,  Septem- 
ber 10,  1839,  came  to  America  in  1846,  with 
his  parents,  returned  to  England,  and,  in  1855, 
returned  to  America  again.  He  served  through 
the  civil  war  and  now  lives  in  Liverpool,  New 
York.  He  married  Mary  .Ann  Leifif,  of  Liver- 
])Ool,  New  York,  born  February  27,  1845,  died 
December  5,  1901.  Their  children  were:  Lil- 
lian, Sidney  and  Jessie.  Children  of  Earl  M. 
Phelps :  Clarion,  born  December  20,  1903 ; 
Earl  M.,  October  i.  1903;  Florence.  May  23, 
1907 ;  John  Homer,  January  22,  1909. 

(XI)  Jesse  Hakes,  son  of  John  Homer 
Phelps,  was  born  in  Cortland,  May  3,  1887. 
He  received  his  education  in  the  public  schools, 
the  Cortland  high  school  and  the  Cortlaufl 
Business  College  and  began  his  business  career 
in  the  employ  of  his  brother  in  the  dairy  and 
produce  business.  In  December,  1909,  he  en- 
tered the  insurance  business,  and,  in  January, 
lyio,  was  appointed  general  agent  of  the  North 
.American  Insurance  Company,  a  position  he 
now  holds.  He  is  a  member  of  Cortland  City 
Lodge.  Knights  of  Pythias.  In  politics  he  is 
an  indeiiendent,  and  in  religion  a  Methodist. 
He  married,  July  13,  1903,  Lillian  M.  Howard, 
born  at  Cortland,  New  A'ork,  September  23, 
1884,  daughter  of  William  .A.  and  Catherine 
(Plulbert)  Howard.  Children  :  John  Howard, 
born  February  14,  1908 ;  Olive  Katherine.  July 
8,  19 10. 

(  X  )  Frank  .Augustus,  youngest  son  of  Philo 
Phelps,  was  born  at  Cortland,  New  York,  Feb- 
ruary 14,  1834.  He  attended  the  public  schools 
of  his  native  town,  the  Cortlandvillc  .Academy 
and  the  State  Normal  School,  at  Cortland.  Dur- 
ing his  youth  he  worked  on  his  father's  farm 
and  he  learned  the  trade  of  blacksmith  when  a 
young  man.  He  was  a  clerk  for  four  years 
in  stores  at  Scranton,  Pennsylvania;  Auburn 
and  Cortland,  New  York.  For  twenty-five 
vears  he  w'as  em])loyed  in  the  H.  F.  Benton 
LumbfT  Company  mill,  manufacturing  sash 
and  blinds.  Since  1002  he  has  been  in  the 
employ  of  the  United  .States  government,  being 
a  niral  free  delivery  carrier  of  mails  from  the 



Cortland  post  office.  He  has  always  taken  a 
keen  interest  in  politics  and  has  served  the 
town  as  collector  of  taxes,  and  city  as  super- 
visor in  sixth  ward  two  terms.  He  resigned 
the  office  of  supervisor  to  accept  his  present 
office  in  the  mail  service.  He  has  heen  chair- 
man of  the  Republican  village  committee.  In 
religion  he  is  a  Baptist,  an  active  member  and 
deacon  of  the  First  Baptist  Church,  of  Cort- 
land. For  four  years  he  was  superintendent 
of  the  Sunday  school,  and  for  seven  years  a 
trustee,  most  of  that  time  being  chairman  of 
the  board.     His  home  is  in  Cortland. 

He  married.  September  y.  1874,  Harriet  Lu- 
ella  \"an  Buren,  born  in  Cortland.  Xovember 
26,  1853,  daughter  of  John  Calvin  Van  Buren, 
born  April  25.  1834,  died  May  2,  1906,  and 
Rosalthea  M.  (Chaffee)  Van  Buren, born  April 

3.  1837.  died  July  17,  1910.  Moses  \'an  Buren, 
father  of  John  Calvin  \"an  Buren,  was  born 
.April  4.  iSti.  died  June  2.  1876,  married.  Feb- 
ruary 9,  1832,  Anna  Maria  Baker,  born  March 
20,  1812,  died  Xovember  11,  1870.  Dow  \'an 
Buren,  father  of  Moses  \'an  Buren,  was  born 
March  15,  1781,  died  March  24.  1856,  married 
Maria  Gardner,  born  May  7,  1781.  died  Janu- 
ary 25,  1854.  Children  of  Mr.  and  Mrs. 
Phelps:  I.  Henry  Emmett,  born  September  29, 
1873,  a  gas  fitter  and  plumber  in  Irvington. 
Xew  Jersey:  married,  September  8,  1897,  Flor- 
ence Foote,  of  Ithaca.  New  York,  born  .April 
-?•  '879:  child,  Margaret  Beatrice,  born  Jul>' 
7.  i8<;9,  in  Cortland.  2.  Millicent  Louise,  born 
November  14.  1880:  married,  September  1. 
ic^oq.  Floyd  Eugene  McAllister,  of  the  firm 
of  John  McAllister  &  Son,  commission  mer- 
chants of  Cortland.  3.  Robert  .Arthur,  born 
November  15,  1884,  now  with  the  I'ough- 
keepsie  Light,  Heat  and  Power  Company. 
Poughkeepsie,  .Xew  York;  married.  June  2(», 
1907,  Katherine  T.  Uniacke.  of  Poughkeepsie. 

4.  Frank  Eugene,  born  April  9,  1887.  a  plumber 
by  trade :  married  Jessie  Whiting,  December 
31,  1907.  5.  Benjamin  Harrison,  born  April 
10,  1889,  lives  with  his  parents;  has  been  in  the 
government  mail  service  since  he  was  seven- 
teen, first  as  substitute  postman,  and,  since 
190S,  as  regular  carrier. 

(Ill)   William   (2)    Phelps,  son 
PHELPS     of  William  (i)   Phelps  (q.  v.), 
was  baptized  in  Tewksbury  Ab- 
bey Church,  Tewksbury,  England.  August  19, 
1599.     There  is  no  record  of  his  wife  or  date 
of  his  marriage.   He  lived  for  a  time  in  Tewks- 

bury, however,  and  his  first  child  was  born 
there.  Shortly  afterwards,  he  removed  to  one 
of  the  southern  counties,  and,  March  20,  1630, 
with  his  wife,  six  children  and  brother  George, 
emigrated  to  New  England  in  the  ship  "Mary 
and  John."  This  ship  carried  one  hundred 
and  forty  passengers,  who  had  been  organized 
into  a  church  before  sailing.  They  landed  at 
-Xantasket,  now  Hull,  Massachusetts,  May  30. 
1^130,  and  settled  in  Dorchester,  the  first  settlers 
and  founders  of  that  town.  William  Phelps 
took  an  active  jiart  in  town  affairs  and  was 
made  freeman  during  the  first  six  months.  No- 
vember 9.  1630,  he  was  one  of  a  jury  of  twelve, 
at  tiie  first  jury  trial  in  the  New  England 
colony.  September  2J.  i')3i.  he  was  chosen 
constable;  May  9,  1632,  one  of  a  committee 
of  sixteen,  chosen  by  the  colony  to  see  about 
the  raising  of  a  public  stock.  In  1635  he  was 
a  delegate  to  the  general  court.  He  was  sev- 
eral times  apjiointed.  with  others,  to  lay  out 
and  settle  the  bounrls  between  towns.  In  1635 
Rev.  Mr.  Warliam,  with  sixty  of  his  church 
in  Dorchester,  removed  to  the  settling  of  Wind- 
sor, Coimecticut.  Among  his  followers  were 
William  Phelps  and  his  family,  and  brother 
( ieorge. 

From  the  beginning,  William  Phelps  took 
a  prominent  place  in  the  town  of  Windsor, 
ajid,  March  3,  1636,  was  one  of  seven  com- 
missioners a]3pointetl  to  govern  the  new  colony, 
then  under  the  control  of  the  Massachusetts 
Company.  In  1638  the  settlers  of  Windsor, 
Wethersfield  and  Hartford  met  at  the  latter 
place,  and  adopted  a  constitution  for  the  Con- 
necticut colony,  now  declared  to  be  outside 
the  jurisdiction  of  Massachusetts.  This  docu- 
ment was  drawn  up  by  the  presiding  magis- 
trate, Roger  Ludlow,  with  the  assistance  of  the 
magistrates,  of  whom  William  Phelps  was  one. 
He  held  the  office  of  magistrate  from  1639  to 
1643,  1656  to  1662.  He  was  also  deputy  in 
1651.  Many  records  of  purchase  and  sale  of 
land  by  him  are  to  be  found  in  the  land  records 
of  Windsor.  He  was  one  of  the  most  promi- 
nent and  highly  respected  men  in  the  colonv, 
and  was  accorded  the  title  of  Mr.,  given  only 
to  people  of  distinction.  His  first  wife  died 
in  1O35.  and  he  married  (second),  in  1638, 
Mary  Dover,  one  of  the  ])assengers  on  the  ship 
"Mary  and  John,"  and  a  member  of  the  Dor- 
chester and  Windsor  church.  He  died  in 
Windsor,  July  14,  1672,  and  his  wife,  Novem- 
ber 27,  1675.  Children  of  first  wife,  born  in 
England:  Richard,  baptized  in  Tewksburv.  De- 



cember  26,  1619;  William,  born  1620;  Sarah, 
1623;  Samuel,  1625;  Nathaniel,  1627;  Joseph, 
1629.  Children  of  second  wife  :  Timothy,  born 
in  Windsor,  mentioned  below ;  Mary,  born  in 
Windsor,  March  2,  1644. 

(IV)  Lieutenant  Timothy  Phelps,  son  of 
William  (2)  Phelps,  was  born  in  Windsor, 
September  i,  1639,  died  in  17 19.  He  lived  in 
Windsor,  on  the  old  homestead,  on  land  pur- 
chased by  his  father  from  the  Indians.  He 
was  freeman,  May  2,  1664.  He  was  chosen 
lieutenant  of  the  train  band  in  Windsor,  May, 
1690,  and  captain,  May,  1696.  He  was  ap- 
pointed a  lieutenant  by  the  general  court,  in 
1709,  and  served  in  Queen  Anne's  war,  under 
Colonel  William  Whiting,  Captain  Matthew 
Allyn's  company.  He  married,  March  19, 
1661,  Mary,  daughter  of  Edward  Griswold,  of 
Killingworth,  Connecticut,  born  in  Windsor, 
baptized  October  13,  1644,  died  before  her 
husband.  Children,  born  in  Windsor:  Timo- 
thy, November  i,  1663;  Joseph,  September  27, 
1666,  mentioned  below;  William,  February  4, 
1669;  Cornelius,  April  26,  1671  ;  Mary,  Au- 
gust 14,  1673;  Samuel,  January  29,  I'^VS  •  ■^'''" 
thaniel,  January  7,  1677;  Sarah.  December  27, 
1679;  Abigail,  June  3,  1682;  Hannah,  August 
2,  1684;  Anne,  October  2,  1686:  Martha,  No- 
vember 12,  1688. 

(V)  Joseph,  son  of  Timothy  Phelps,  was 
born  in  Windsor,  September  27,  1666,  died 
August  30.  1 7 16.  He  married,  November  18, 
1686,  Sarah,  daughter  of  John  and  Phillury 
(Thrall)  Hosford,  born  in  Windsor,  Septem- 
ber 27,  1666,  died  probably  in  Hebron.  Her 
father  was  a  man  of  considerable  property  for 
those  times,  and  left  her  on  his  death,  one  hun- 
dred pounds.  Joseph  Phelps  settled  first  in 
Windsor,  but  removed  about  17 10  to  Hebron, 
where  he  owned  a  large  amount  of  land.  Chil- 
dren, born  in  Windsor:  Sarah,  August  14, 
1687;  Mary,  June  8,  1689;  Joseph,  March  16, 
1692;  Abigail,  October  15,  1693.  died  young; 
Edward,  1697 ;  Benoni,  June  24,  1699,  prob- 
ably died  young;  John,  September  20,  1703, 
mentioned  below;  Abel,  February  19,  1705; 
Daniel,  March  28,  1707;  Ichabod,  April  3, 
1708;  Jonathan,  1710;  Abigail,  December, 

(VI)  John,  son  of  Jose])h  Phelixs,  was  bom 
in  Windsor,  September  20,  1703,  died  in  Heb- 
ron, iH'bruary  10,  1769.  He  married  (first) 
Anna,  daughter  of  Obadiah  and  Mindwell 
(Phelps)  Hosford  (of  line  of  George  Phelps), 
I'ebruary   11   or   14,   1725.     She  was  born  in 

Windsor,  February  2t,,  1705,  died  in  Hebron, 
in  1740.  He  married  (second),  1742,  Mind- 
well  Hosford,  sister  of  his  first  wife.  Chil- 
dren of  first  wife,  born  in  Hebron :  Aaron, 
March  25,  1728-29,  died  April  7,  1743;  Anna, 
March  25,  1728-29;  John,  September  27,  1730, 
mentioned  below;  Sarah.  October  4,  1733; 
Amos.  May  30,  1736;  Roger,  December  24, 
1738.  Children  of  second  wife:  Aaron,  March 
31,  1743;  Mindwell,  1744;  Sarah,  March  30, 
1745;   Nathan,   1750,  died  young,  unmarried. 

(VII)  Sergeant  John  (2)  Phelps,  son  of 
John  ( I )  Phelps,  was  born  in  Hebron,  Sep- 
tember 27,  1730,  died  there.  He  served  as  a 
soldier  in  the  revolution.  Fourth  Connecticut 
Regiment,  Colonel  John  Durkee,  Captain  Hin- 
man's  company,  for  three  years.  He  was  made 
sergeant,  August  27,  1778,  discharged  March 
14,  1780.  He  was  for  a  time  under  (General 
Sullivan  in  New  York,  and  after  his  discharge 
soon  reenlisted.  He  was  a  farmer  by  occupa- 
tion and  settled  in  Hebron.  He  married,  Janu- 
ary 16,  1755.  in  Lebanon,  Deborah  Dewey, 
born  in  Lebanon,  died  in  Hebron.  Children, 
born  in  Hebron:  Anna,  November  12,  1755; 
John,  r)ctober  19,  1757;  Obadiah,  January  21. 
1759;  Jared,  October  15,  1760:  Norman,  No- 
vember 8,  1763;  Nathan,  December  31,  1765, 
mentioned  below  ;  Benjamin,  February  3,  1768; 
Dudley,  March  8,  1771  ;  Keziah,  June  10, 1773; 
Sarah,  June  10,  1778. 

(VIII)  Nathan,  son  of  Sergeant  John  (2) 
Phelps,  was  born  in  Hebron,  December  31. 
1765,  died  in  I'ecket,  Massachusetts,  Novem- 
ber 5,  1841.  He  married,  April  C),  1786,  Abi- 
gail Fuller,  born  Hebron,  November  25,  1766, 
died  in  Becket,  April  J,  1853.  She  was  a  sis- 
ter of  his  brother  Jared's  wife.  He  settled  in 
Becket.  Children,  born  in  Becket:  Cynthia, 
January  16,  1787;  Abigail,  July  19,  1789,  died 
August  18.  1791  ;  Abigail,  May  26,  1791  ; 
Alvah,  June  5,  1793,  died  August  22,  1793; 
Nathan,  August  19,  1794:  Elizabeth,  June  3, 
1797;  Harvey,  March  19,  1800;  Dudley,  June 
10,  1802,  died  .\ugust  9,  1S17;  Denise,  Octo- 
ber 5,  1804;  Benjamin,  July  14,  1807;  Alvah. 
August  2,  1810;  Gideon,  mentioned  below. 

(IX)  Gideon,  .son  of  Nathan  Phelps,  died 
in  Triangle,  New  York,  about  1871.  The  gene- 
alogy does  not  give  his  name  in  the  list  of  chil- 
dren. He  was  a  farmer  at  Triangle,  Broome 
county.  He  married  Martha  .  Chil- 
dren: Rudolphus,  Harvey,  Dudley,  Philip; 
Seth,  mentioned  below ;  Baruch. 

(X)  Seth,  son  of  Gideon  Phelps,  was  born 



in  Triangle,  August  22,  1836,  died  December 
14,  1910.  He  was  educated  in  the  district 
schools  of  his  native  town  and  afterward 
taught  school  there.  In  later  years  he  fol- 
lowed farming  for  his  occupation.  He  was  a 
member  of  the  Baptist  church  of  Triangle  and 
for  many  years  superintendent  of  its  Sunday 
school.  In  politics  he  was  a  Republican.  He 
married,  April  14,  1858,  Caroline  Brockett, 
born  May,  1836,  in  Chenango  county,  daugh- 
ter of  Willis  and  Martha  (Hubbard )  Brockett. 
Children :  Theodore,  mentioned  below  ;  Carrie, 
October  28,  1862,  married  (first)  George  Har- 
rison, of  Smithville,  New  York,  and  had  one 
child,  Rollin  T.,  married  (second)  Edward  J. 
Jones,  of  Triangle,  a  farmer ;  Eugene,  born 
March  17,  1870,  contractor,  living  in  Staten 
Island,  New  York;  Mary  D.,  twin  of  Eugene, 
a  school  teacher. 

(XI)  Theodore,  son  of  Seth  Phelps,  was 
born  in  Triangle,  Broome  county,  New  York, 
November  11,  1859.  He  attended  the  public 
and  select  schools  of  his  native  town.  He  fol- 
lowed the  lumber  business  for  three  years  in 
Broome  and  Chenango  counties,  for  nine  years 
carried  on  farming  in  Triangle,  and  for  nine 
years  was  in  the  retail  grocery  business  in 
Itaska,  Broome  county,  New  York.  In  1905 
he  came  to  Homer.  New  York,  and  since  then 
has  been  engaged  in  the  grocery  business  in 
that  town  with  abundant  success.  Since  1905 
he  has  been  postmaster  of  Little  York.  He 
married.  May  18,  1887,  Hattie  Edson,  of  Wind- 
sor, Broome  county.  New  York,  daughter  of 
Charles  and  Chloe  (Edwards)  Edson.  Chil- 
dren: Helen  E.,  born  September  23,  1890,  a 
student  of  Syracuse  University ;  Genevieve  I., 
October  18,  i893,attendingHomer  high  school. 

The  pedigree  of  this  family  traces 
ADAMS  the  ancestor,  according  to  one  ac- 
count, to  Ap  Adam,  the  father  of 
John,  or  Lord  Ap  Adam,  who  was  called  to 
parliament  by  Edward  I.,  as  Baron  of  the 
Realm,  from  1296  to  1301,  and  states  that  he 
came  out  of  the  Marches  or  Borders  of  Wales 
into  Devonshire.  This  statement  has  been  dis- 
credited by  genealogists,  though  proof  of  error 
seems  as  much  wanting  as  proof  of  correct- 
ness. If  correct,  the  lineage  includes  kings  of 
England  and  France,  and  goes  back  to  Charle- 

(I)  Henry  Aflams,  immigrant  ancestor,  was 
bom  in  England,  and  came  from  Braintree, 
England,   to   Braintree,   Massachusetts,   about 

1632-33.  He  was  allotted  forty  acres  of 
land  for  the  ten  persons  in  his  family,  Feb- 
ruary 24,  1639-40.  President  John  Adams, 
a  descendant,  believed  that  Henry  Adams 
came  from  Devonshire,  and  erected  a  monu- 
ment to  him  in  the  old  burying-ground  at 
Braintree,  now  Quincy,  with  this  inscription, 
"In  memory  of  Henry  Adams,  who  took  flight 
from  the  Dragon  persecution  in  Devonshire, 
England,  and  alighted  with  eight  sons  near 
Mount  Wallaston.  One  of  the  sons  returned 
to  England ;  and  after  taking  time  to  explore 
the  country,  four  removed  to  Medfield,  and 
two  to  Chelmsford.  C)ne  only,  Joseph,  who  lies 
here  at  his  left  hand,  remained  here — an  orig- 
inal proprietor  in  the  township  of  Braintree." 
The  monument  commemorates  "the  piety,  hu- 
mility, simplicity,  prudence,  patience,  temper- 
ance, frugality,  industry  and  perseverance"  of 
tlie  Adams  ancestors. 

President  John  Quincy  Adams,  however, 
dissented  from  the  conclusion  of  his  father 
that  Henry  Adams  was  from  Devonshire.  Sav- 
age agrees  with  the  younger  Adams  that  the 
immigrant  was  from  Braintree,  county  Essex, 
England,  and  some  of  the  sons  were  from 
Chelmsford,  in  that  county.  It  is  generally  be- 
lieved that  the  wife  of  Henry  Adams  returned 
to  luigland.  with  the  daughter  L'rsula,  and 
died  there.  Henry  Adams  died  at  Braintree, 
October  6,  1646,  and  was  buried  on  the  8th. 
In  his  will,  proved  June  8,  1647,  he  mentions 
sons  Peter,  John,  Joseph,  Edward,  Samuel, 
and  daughter  L'rsula.  Children,  born  in  Eng- 
land:  Lieutenant  Henry,  born  1604,  married, 
November  17,  1643.  in  Braintree,  Elizabeth 
Paine,  settled  in  Medfield  ;  Lieutenant  Thomas, 
1616;  Captain  Samuel,  1617;  Deacon  Jona- 
than, 1619;  Peter,  1622;  John,  about  1624; 
Joseph,  1626;  Ensign  Edward,  mentioned 

(II)  Ensign  Edward  Adams,  son  of  Henry 
Adams,  was  born  in  1630,  in  England,  and 
came  with  his  parents  to  Braintree,  Massa- 
chusetts, in  1632  or  1633.  He  settled  with 
three  other  brothers,  in  Medfield,  Massachu- 
setts. He  was  ensign  and  selectman  and  repre- 
sented the  town  in  the  general  court  in  1689- 
92-1702.  He  died  November  12,  1716,  in  Med- 
field, "the  last  of  the  original  settlers."  He 
married  (first),  1652,  Lydia,  daughter  of  Rich- 
ard and  Agnes  (Bicknell)  Rockvvood.  She 
died  March  3,  1676-77:  he  married  (second), 
1678,  Widow  Abigail  (Craft)  Ruggles.of  Rox- 
bury.  Massachusetts,  who  died  in  1707;  mar- 



ried  (third).  January  0,  1709-10,  Sarah  Tay- 
lor. Children,  born  in  Medfield:  Lydia,  born 
July  12.  1653  ;  Captain  Jonathan.  April  4.  1653  : 
John.  I'"ebruary  18.  if>57-S^-  Elias,  February 
18.  1658-39.  married  a  great-granddaughter  of 
Miles  Standish ;  Sarah.  May  29.  1660;  Lieu- 
tenant James.  January  4.  1661-62;  Henry.  Oc- 
tober 29.  1663.  mentioned  below;  Mehitable. 
March  30.  1665;  Elisha.  August  25,  1666;  Ed- 
ward, June  28.  1668;  Ijethia,  April  12,  1670, 
died  1672;  Bethia.  August  18.  1672.  died 
young ;  Abigail.  June  25,  1673,  died  young : 
Miriam,  February  26,  1676-77,  died  young. 

(Ill)  Henry  (2),  son  of  Ensign  Edward 
Adams,  was  born  October  29.  1663.  in  Med- 
field. lie  married  (first),  December  10.  1(^191. 
Patience,  daughter  of  Thomas  and  Mar)' 
(  Wight )  Ellis.  She  was  born  February  22, 
166S-69,  died  1693.  He  married  (second). 
1697-98,  in  Providence.  Rhode  Island,  Ruth 
Ellis,  sister  of  Patience,  born  October  31.  1670. 
He  married  (third)  }klrs.  Hannah  Adams,  at 
Canterbury,  Connecticut.  He  removed  first 
to  Providence,  where  he  married  his  second 
wife,  and  had  several  children  born.  Thence 
he  removed  to  Canterbury,  about  1706,  where 
he  spent  the  remainder  of  his  life.  He  died 
there.  June  22,  1749.  His  last  wife.  Hannah, 
died  Alarch  20.  1748-49.  His  will  was  made 
Sejitemher  10.  1748.  and  ])roved  July  21.  1749. 
He  be(|ueathed  to  his  wife  the  goods  she 
brought  with  her  for  her  three  daughters, 
names  his  three  sons.  David,  Solomon  and 
Ebenezer,  giving  to  the  first  mentioned  twenty 
pounds,  and  to  the  other  two.  ten  pounds  each. 
To  his  three  daughters.  Hannah  Burnap.  Ruth 
Kingaley  and  Patience,  he  gave  four  hundred 
pounds  in  bills  of  credit.  A  residue  of  his 
property  was  to  go  to  Henry  and  Jose])h.  and 
liis  son  David  and  son-in-law,  .Abraham  Bur- 
nap,  were  named  as  executors.  Children,  born 
in  Medfield,  of  first  wife:  David,  September 
3,  1692;  Hannah,  February  21,  1693-94.  Chil- 
dren of  second  wife,  born  in  Providence:  Solo- 
mon, April  23,  1699;  Henry,  October  14,  1700: 
Ruth,  Ai)ril  10,  1702;  Ebenezer  (twin),  Feb- 
ruary I  I.  1704:  Patience  (twin)  ;  Joseph,  men- 
tioned below. 

( I\' )  Joseph,  soTi  of  Henry  (2)  .Xdams. 
was  born  in  Providence.  July  28.  1706.  died  in 
New  Marlborough,  Massachusetts,  October. 
1769.  He  settled  in  New  Marlborough,  and 
was  one  of  the  five  jjcrsons  who  formed  the 
first  church  in  that  town.  He  married,  1738, 
Miriam,  daughter  of  Moses  and  Mary  (John- 

son) Cleveland,  born  January  30,  1718-19,  died 
in  New  Marlborough,  June  18,  1766.  Her 
father.  Closes  Cleveland,  had  a  brother  Aaron, 
who  was  the  father  of  Grover  Cleveland.  Her 
mother  was  Mary  (Johnson)  Cleveland,  daugh- 
ter of  Obadiah  Johnson,  of  Canterbury.  Con- 
necticut. Children,  born  in  Canterbury:  .Mary. 
September  2ji„  1738:  Aaron,  .April  14.  1741, 
died  young:  Huldah.  June  26,  1743.  jjorn  in 
•New  Marlborough:  Captain  Simon,  March  12, 
1746,  a  soldier  in  the  revolution;  Corporal 
Moses.  November  30.  1748.  mentioned  below; 
Henry.  September  30.  1750;  Sergeant  Zebe- 
diah.  July  5.  1733.  soldier  in  the  revolution; 
Alice.  December  8.  1733  ;  Joseph.  April  3.  1758. 
died  August  18.  1858;  Aaron.  July  20.  1761, 
soldier  in  the  revolution. 

(  \' )  Moses,  son  of  Joseph  Adams,  was  born 
in  New  Marlborough,  November  30.  1748.  He 
was  a  soldier  in  the  revolution,  enlisted  from 
Lenox.  Massachusetts,  corporal  in  Captain 
.'foul's  company.  .April  ig.  1773.  served  seven- 
teen days;  enlisted  May  8.  1773.  Captain  Noah 
.Allen's  company.  Colonel  Edward  Wiggles- 
worth's  regiment,  served  one  month,  one  day; 
reported  dead,  August,  1777,  at  Valley  Forge. 
He  married  .Ann  Willard,  a  sister  of  Dr.  Will- 
iam W^illard.  Children,  born  in  Lenox :  Nor- 
man, died  young  of  yellow  fever,  at  Philadel- 
phia ;  Moses,  born  about  1772-73.  mentioned 
below;  Captain  Lyman.  April  12.  1773. 

(\'l)  Moses  (2).  son  of  Moses  (i  )  Adams, 
was  born  in  Lenox,  about  1^/2-7^,  died  in 
Wayne  county.  New  York,  in  1842.  He  mar- 
ried Sylvia  Johnson,  who  died  December  5. 
1832.  aged  seventy-five,,  He  removed  from 
Lenox  to  L^nion  (now  Lisle),  Broome  county. 
New  York.  Children,  born  in  L^nion  (now 
Lisle):  Norman.  .August  10.  1794;  Charles, 
June  14.  1707;  Louisa.  March  7.  1798;  Har- 
riet. Sejitcmber  24.  1799;  Closes.  January  10. 
1802.  mentioned  below;  Edward.  Jime  30. 
1804;  George.  April  13,  1806;  Walter.  Febru- 
ary 23.  1808;  A'alentine,  February,  1810,  died 
March  11.  1811. 

(\TI)  Moses  (3).  son  of  Moses  (2)  Adams, 
was  born  in  Union  village,  town  of  Lisle.  Jan- 
uarv  ID.  1802.  died  in  Alarathon.  New  York, 
lanuarv  21,  1890.  He  was  bound  out  at  the 
age  of  eight  years,  and  lived  with  his  guardian, 
with  the  exce[)tion  of  a  few  years,  until  the 
death  of  the  latter.  He  was  left,  by  will,  the 
farm,  the  farming  utensils,  and  one-half  of  the 
stock.  He  continued  to  live  on  this  farm  and 
to  carr\-  it  on  until  1S61.  when  he  removed  to 



Marathon.  In  ])olitics  he  was  originally  a 
Whig,  but  upon  the  formation  of  the  Repub- 
lican jiarty  became  a  member  of  the  latter 
party.  He  served  as  assessor  and  supervisor 
of  his  town  for  a  number  of  years.  He  mar- 
ried, October  28,  1824,  -Vnn,  daughter  of  Moses 
Lockwood,  born  in  Pound  Ridge,  Westchester 
county.  New  York,  .\pril  6,  1803,  (Jied  in 
Marathon,  March,  1893.  Children:  Lyman, 
born  October  31,  1825.  mentioned  below  ;  Mary 
Ann,  July  24,  1828.  marrieil  Charles  Brink, 
deceased;  Eveline,  January  29,  1830,  married 
Benjamin  B.  Woodworth,  lived  in  Cortland  : 
Charles  C,  Alay  30,  1832;  Helen  A..  August 
21,  1834,  married  Edward  Dunham  Robie,  a 
retired  United  States  naval  engineer,  lives  in 
Washington.  D.  C. ;  John  O.,  April  7,  1837: 
Walter.  I'ebruarv  ').  1840,  of  Marathon.  Xew 

(\'lll)  Lyman,  son  of  Mcjses  (3)  Adams. 
was  Ijorn  in  Marathon,  C^ctober  31,  1825,  and 
received  a  common  school  education  in  the 
town  of  Lisle.  Here  he  remained  until  he  was 
twenty-two  years  old.  He  then  taught  school 
for  three  months,  and  later  went  into  a  store 
in  Broome  county  as  a  clerk,  and  also  clerked 
in  a  store  at  East  \'irgil.  At  the  end  of  a  few 
months,  in  1849.  he  returned  to  his  native 
town,  Marathon,  and  stayed  there  as  a  clerk 
for  about  five  years.  In  October,  1853.  he 
went  into  a  general  mercantile  business  with 
R.  P.  Burhans  as  partner.  At  the  end  of  a 
year  they  took  into  partnership  Anson  Peck, 
and  after  two  years  more  Mr.  Burhans  went 
out  of  the  business,  which  was  then  conducted 
under  the  firm  name  of  Peck  &  .\dams.  In 
i860  James  H.  Tripp  was  taken  into  the  firm 
and  the  name  became  Peck,  .\dams  &  Tripp. 
After  a  short  time  they  closed  out  the  business, 
and  dissolved  the  partnership.  Messrs.  .\dams 
and  Tripp  then  removed  to  Canandaigua,  New- 
York,  where  they  were  employed  in  a  bank. 
At  the  end  of  a  year  there,  they  returned  to 
Marathon,  leased  their  old  storeroom,  and  car- 
ried on  a  mercantile  business  until  1883,  when 
they  again  closed  it  out.  Before  this  they  had 
together  conducted  a  private  banking  business, 
wdiich  had  been  highly  successful,  and.  in  1883, 
set  about  organizing  a  bank,  into  which  they 
merged  their  own  banking  interests.  In  1884 
the  First  National  Bank  of  Marathon,  was 
started,  with  Mr.  Tripp  as  president,  and  Mr. 
.Adams  held  the  position  of  cashier  until  his 
death.  Mr.  Adams  distinguished  iiimself  in 
business  as  a  shrewd,  practical  and  conserva- 

tive man,  of  good  judgment  and  unquestion- 
ed integrity.  He  was  a  Republican  in  poli- 
tics, but  had  given  little  time  to  political  mat- 
ters. He  served,  however,  as  supervisor  of 
the  town  for  two  years. 

He  married  (first),  September  15,  1853. 
Ruth,  daughter  of  William  and  Lucy  ( Church) 
S(|uires,  of  Marathon,  died  January  6,  1863. 
He  married  (second),  September  11,  1865, 
Louisa  M..  daughter  of  William  L.  Denton. 
Child  of  first  wife,  born  in  Marathon:  Edgar 
L.,  .April  2J.  1857,  mentioned  below.  Child  of 
second  wife,  born  in  Marathon:  Augusta  D., 
August  15,  1873,  died  January  30,  1904,  mar- 
ried Thaddeus  R.  Clark,  of  Marathon. 

(IX)  Edgar  L..  son  of  Lyman  Adams,  was 
born  at  Marathon,  New  York,  April  27,  1857. 
He  began  his  education  in  the  public  schools 
of  his  native  tovi'n,  and,  like  many  successful 
men,  is  still  educating  himself.  The  Mara- 
thon Jndcpciuicnt  was  established  in  July,  1870, 
and  in  the  follow'ing  April  he  became  an  ap- 
prentice in  the  office  of  that  new-spaper.  In 
the  fall  of  1872  he  entered  the  emj^loy  of  his 
father's  firm  as  clerk,  but  a  mercantile  life  was 
not  attractive,  and,  in  1874,  he  returned  to  the 
office  of  the  Independent,  and  worked  in  vari- 
ous positions  until  .April,  1876,  when  he  ac- 
cepted a  position  as  local  editor  of  the  Cort- 
land Democrat,  then  owned  by  B.  B.  Jones. 
Two  months  later  he  was  called  back  to  Mara- 
thon to  take  charge  of  the  Independent,  on  ac- 
count of  the  failing  health  of  its  publisher, 
Wallace  Kelley,  and  when  the  business  was 
sold,  in  December  following,  he  continued  as 
editor  of  the  ]iaper,  in  the  employ  of  the  new 
owners,  lirooks  &  Day.  This  firm  was  suc- 
ceeded, May  I,  1878,  by  Brooks  &  .Adams,  the 
interests  of  the  jimior  partner  having  been  ac- 
quired by  Mr.  Adams,  and  with  the  exception 
lit  a  brief  period,  Mr.  xAdams  has  been  editor 
and  pr(>]:)rietor  ever  since.  For  a  time  he  was 
on  the  staiT  of  the  Syracuse  Sunday  Times, 
having  leased  the  Independent  from  1880  to 
1881.  As  a  writer,  especially  of  humorous 
paragraphs,  Mr.  Adams  has  won  a  national 
rejnitation.  The  paragrajjhs  that  brightened 
his  newspaper  week  after  week  gave  it  a  wide 
circidation  and  were  copied  extensively  in  other 
publications.  In  recent  years  the  pressure  of 
numerous  business  interests  and  public  duties 
have  restricted  his  output  as  a  writer,  but  his 
wit  is  in  evidence  from  time  to  time  in  the 
Independent  and  in  after-dinner  speeches. 

"Brick"  Pomerov.  editor  of  Pomerov's  Dem- 


ocrat,  and  a  wit  of  national  reputation,  said  of 
Mr.  Adams  in  an  article  entitled  "The  Humor- 
ous Writers  of  America"  :  "The  Cortland  Dem- 
ocrat, N.  Y.,  independent,  is  another  paper, 
whose  editor  has  sense,  wit  and  ambition,  Ed. 
L.  Adams  is  its  editor,  and  he  is  fast  making 
his  paper  noted  in  causing  people  to  inquire 
as  to  the  size  and  whereabouts  of  Marathon. 
His  paper  is  largely  quoted,  as  its  paragrajjhs 
are  unusually  pointed,  witty  and  close-fitting. 
Almost  any  man  can  write  a  long  article,  but 
it  takes  a  good  man  to  let  go,  when  he  has  said 
enough."  Mr.  Adam's  connection  with  the 
New  York  State  Press  x\ssociation  has  made 
him  widely  accjuainted  among  the  newspaper 
men  of  the  state  and  he  enjoys  the  personal 
friendship  of  many  prominent  writers.  A  con- 
temporary editor  recently  wrote  a  sketch  of 
Mr.  Adams,  in  which  he  said  :  "He  is  manifest- 
ly a  character  and  a  leader.  Everybody  loves 
Edgar,  partly  because  he  is  full  of  wit,  full  of 
ideas,  full  of  energy  and  life  and  is  an  all- 
round  good  fellow,  and  partly  because  he  is 
just  lovable.  *  *  How  Marathon  would  sur- 
vive without  Edgar  L.  Adams  is  a  problem. 
He  has  dip])ed  into  various  branches  of  liter- 
ary work — humorous,  pathetic,  political  and 
just  plain  news  items.  He  has,  we  believe,  re- 
frained from  poetry.  His  readers  can,  there- 
fore, look  back  over  his  career  and  forgive 
many  of  his  sins.  As  a  humorous  writer  he 
has  in  his  time  pleased  such  raucous  critics  as 
the  once  famous  'Brick'  I'omeroy,  who  praised 
his  humorous  work;  and,  away  along  in  the 
twenty-first  century,  we  will  say,  when  obitu- 
ary writers  or  rather  historians,  set  forth  the 
annals  of  the  truly  great  and  good,  it  is  not 
improbable  that  the  name  of  Edgar  L.  Adams 
will  shine  forth  in  letters  of  burnished  gold 
with  such  contemporary  humorists  as  George 
Ade,  Wu  Ting  Eang,  Rorge  Jailey  of  the 
Houston  Post,  Chauncey  Depew,  E.  Tracey 
Sweet  of  the  Scranton  Tribune-Republican, 
Irvin  S.  Cobb  and  others  of  the  present  day 
who  are  helping  to  brighten  life  with  their 
wit  and  wisdom.  At  even  a  still  more  remote 
period,  when  some  enterprising  mahatma  is 
pawing  around  among  the  sjiooks  in  search  of 
a  convivial  s])irit  to  drive  away  the  blues,  we 
hope  Edgar  may  be  found  in  his  little  sanctum 
in  Marathon,  buried  in  his  paper — The  Inde- 
pendent—  for  somebody  must  read  it,  you 
know.  In  the  meantime,  he  is  publishing  a 
newspaper  worth,  among  other  considerations. 

any  farmer's  cordwood  and  turnips  in  pay- 
ments of  arrears  on  subscription." 

It  is  hardly  necessary  to  add  that  the  Inde- 
pendent exerts  a  large  and  wholesome  influ- 
ence in  the  community  by  virtue  of  its  inde- 
pendent and  jniblic-spirited  policy.  He  is  vice- 
president  of  the  New  York  State  Press  Asso- 
ciation. He  has  been  a  member  of  the  Demo- 
cratic county  committee  and  often  represents 
his  party  as  delegate  to  nominating  conven- 
tions. He  was  president  of  the  village  of 
Marathon  in  1894-95.  For  sixteen  years  he  was 
a  member  and  twelve  years  secretary  of  the 
board  of  education  of  Marathon.  He  was  the 
nominee  of  his  party  for  assemblyman  in  this 
district.  He  declined  a  nomination  for  county 
treasurer  in  1893.  He  was  one  of  the  prime 
movers  in  securing  a  municipal  water  works 
and  served  on  the  original  water  commission, 
and  is  now  a  member  of  that  body. 

He  is  a  stockholder  of  the  First  National 
Bank  and  was  one  of  the  founders  and  for 
three  years  was  vice-president  of  the  Climax 
Road  Machine  Company.  He  is  a  member  of 
Marathon  Lodge,  No.  438,  Free  and  Accepted 
Masons,  of  Marathon ;  of  Cortland  Chapter. 
No.  194,  Royal  Arch  Masons ;  of  Cortland 
Commandery,  No.  50,  Knights  Templar;  of 
Katurah  Temple.  Mystic  Shrine,  of  Bingham- 
ton.  For  three  years  he  was  president  of  the 
A.  H.  Barber  Hose  Company  of  the  local  fire 
department.  He  attends  the  Presbyterian 

He  married.  May  13,  1879,  Ella  V.  Court- 
ney, born  July  21,'  1861,  of  Willet.  Cortland 
countv,  daughter  of  Ojcar  and  Carshena 
(Over)  Courtnev.    Thev  have  no  children. 

The  surname  P>enedict  is  de- 
BENEDICT     rived  from  the  Latin  bencdic- 

tus,  meaning  blessed,  used  as 
a  personal  or  baptismal  name  in  Latin  coun- 
tries, and,  in  fact,  throughout  all  Europe.  St. 
Benedict  founded  the  Romau  Catholic  Order 
of  Benedictine,  in  .\.  D.  520,  fourteen  Popes 
taking  this  name  between  574  and  1740. 

( I )  Thomas  Benedict,  immigrant  ancestor, 
was  born  in  Nottinghamshire,  England,  in 
1617.  According  to  family  traclition,  ajiparent- 
Iv  verified,  he  was  the  only  representative  of 
his  family  when  he  came  to  .America.  His  an- 
cestors, original  from  the  districts  of  France, 
and  of  Latin  ancestry,  fled  to  Germany  on  ac- 
count of  religious  persecution,  thence  to  Hoi- 



land  and  finally  settled  in  England.  He  mar- 
ried Mary  liridgum,  or  Bridghani.  who  came 
to  New  England,  in  1638,  in  the  same  ship. 
The  family  history  was  written  in  1755,  by 
Deacon  James  Benedict,  who  had  his  facts 
from  the  wife  of  the  immigrant,  viz:  "Be  it 
remembered  that  one  William  Benedict  about 
the  beginning  of  tiie  fifteenth  century  (doubt- 
less meaning  about  the  year  1500),  who  lived 
in  Xi)ttinghamshire,  England,  had  a  son  born 
unto  him  whom  he  called  William  after  his 
own  name  (an  only  son)  and  this  William, 
the  second  of  the  name,  had  also  an  only  son 
whom  he  called  William,  and  this  third  W'ill- 
iam  had  in  the  year  1617  one  only  child  whom 
he  called  Thomas  and  this  Thomas'  mother 
dying,  his  father  married  the  widow  Bridgum. 
Now  this  Thomas  was  put  out  an  ajjprentice 
to  a  weaver  who  afterwards  in  his  twenty-first 
year  came  over  to  New  England  together  with 
his  sister-in-law  (step-sister)  Mary  Bridgum. 
Afterwards  said  Thomas  was  joined  in  mar- 
riage with  Mary  Bridgum.  After  they  had 
lived  some  time  in  the  Bay  parts  ( Massachu- 
setts) they  removed  to  Southold,  Long  Island, 
where  were  born  unto  them  five  sons  and  four 
daughters,  whose  names  were  Thomas,  John, 
Samuel,  James,  Daniel,  Betty.  Mary.  Sarah  and 
Rebecca.  From  thence  they  removed  to  a 
farm  belonging  to  the  town  called  Hassama- 
mac.  where  they  lived  some  time.  Then  they 
removed  to  Jamaica  on  said  island  where 
Thomas  their  eldest  son  took  to  wife  Mary 
Messenger  of  that  town.  And  last  of  all  they 
removed  to  Norwalk,  Fairfield  county,  Con- 
necticut, with  all  their  family  where  they  all 
married."  The  generations  are  given  down  to 
the  time  of  writing,  March  14,  1755,  by  James 
Benedict,  of  Ridgefield,  Connecticut. 

Traces  of  Thomas  Benedict  are  found  on 
the  records  at  Jamaica.  December  12.  1662, 
when  he  was  appointed  to  lay  out  the  south 
meadows  and  was  voted  a  home  lot.  He 
served  on  other  committees  and  held  various 
■offices.  He  was  appointed  magistrate,  March 
20,  1663,  by  Peter  Stuyvesant,  the  Dutch  gov- 
ernor of  New  Amsterdam.  In  the  same  year 
he  signed  the  petition  for  annexation  to  Con- 
necticut. He  was  lieutenant  of  the  town,  De- 
cember 3,  1663;  was  a  grantee  of  Elizabeth- 
town.  February  8,  1665,  he  was  appointed 
■one  of  the  two  delegates  from  Jamaica  to  a 
general  meeting  of  Long  Island  towns  in  New 
York.  This  is  thought  to  be  the  first  English 
legislative  body  convened  in  New  Y'ork.   April 

7,  1665,  he  was  appointed  lieutenant  of  the 
foot  company  of  Jamaica.  After  coming  to 
Connecticut  he  was  town  clerk  of  Norwalk, 
1665,  and  reappointed  the  following  year.  He 
continued  to  hold  this  office  until  1674,  and 
after  an  interval  of  three  years,  was  again 
appointed.  The  records,  in  his  own  handwrit- 
ing, are  still  preserved,  and  are  legible  and 
properly  attested  by  his  own  signature.  He 
was  selectman  for  seventeen  years,  ending  in 
1688.  As  early  as  1669  he  was  a  freeman: 
representative  to  the  general  assembly  in  1670, 
and  again  in  1675.  In  May,  1684,  he  and  three 
others  were  appointed  by  the  general  court  to 
plant  a  town  at  Pa(|uiage.  This  town  was 
later,  1687,  called  Danbury.  "His  good  sense 
and  general  intelligence,  some  scientific  knowl- 
edge and  his  skill  as  a  ]ienman,  made  him  their 
recourse  when  pa])ers  were  to  be  drafted, 
lands  to  be  surveyed,  and  apportioned  or  dis- 
putes to  be  arbitrated.  It  is  evident  that  very 
general  respect  for  his  judgment  prevailed, 
and  that  trust  in  his  integrity  was  equally 
general  and  implicit."  It  is  highly  probable 
that  he  was  concerned  in  establishing  the 
church  both  at  Southold  and  Huntington,  and 
was  also  identified  with  the  founding  of  the 
first  Presbyterian  church  in  America,  at  Ja- 
maica, in  1662.  He  was  deacon  of  the  Nor- 
walk church  during  the  last  years  of  his  life. 
His  will  was  executed  February  28,  1689-90. 
Of  his  household  James  Benedict  wrote: 
"Thomas  Benedict  and  Mary,  his  wife,  who 
walked  in  the  midst  of  their  house  with  a  per- 
fect heart.  They  were  strict  observers  of  the 
Lord's  day  from  even  to  even."  Many  of  his 
descendants  followed  in  the  office  of  deacon  of 
the  church.  "The  savor  of  his  piety,  as  well 
as  his  venerable  name,  has  been  transmitted 
through  a  long  line  of  deacons  and  other  godly 
descendants  to  the  seventh  generation."  Chil- 
dren :  Thomas,  died  November  20,  1688-89  '< 
John  :  Samuel,  mentioned  below  ;  James  ;  Dan- 
iel;  Elizabeth,  married  John  Slauson ;  Mary, 
married  John  Olmsted ;  Sarah,  married  James 
Beebe ;  Rebecca,  married  Dr.  Samuel  Wood. 
( II)  Samuel,  son  of  Thomas  P>enedict,  lived 
with  his  father  until  after  his  removal  to  Nor- 
walk, Connecticut.  He  married  diere  (first) 
name  unknown.  He  married  (second),  July 
7.  1678,  Rebecca,  daughter  of  Thomas  An- 
drews, of  Fairfield,  Connecticut.  In  the  fall 
of  1684  and  the  following  spring,  he  with  sev- 
eral others,  mostly  connections  of  the  Benedict 
family,    purchased    land    of    the    Indians    and 

J  54 


made  the  first  settlement  at  Danbury.  "They 
soon  built  a  little  church,  only  forty  feet  by 
thirty;  when  its  frame  was  raised  every  person 
in  the  town  was  present  and  sat  together  on 
the  sills."  Samuel  Benedict,  who  had  been  a 
deacon  when  living  in  Norwalk,  was  also  first 
deacon  of  this  church.  In  the  patent  of  Dan- 
bur}',  granted  by  the  general  assembly.  May, 
1702,  he  is  named  as  patentee.  His  will,  made 
at  Danbury,  April  15,  1718,  was  recorded 
March  20,  1719.  Children:  Joanna,  born  Oc- 
tober 22.  1673;  Samuel.  March  5,  1C175 ; 
Thomas,  March  27,  1679;  Nathaniel,  mention- 
ed below:  Abraham,  June  21,  i()8i  ;  Rebecca, 
married,  June  18,  1712,  Samuel  Piatt;  Esther. 

(III)  Nathaniel,  son  of  Samuel  Benedict, 
made  his  will  January  19,  1767,  and  it  was 
proved  December  11,  1767.  It  mentions  wife 
Sarah,  sons  Isaac  and  Nathaniel,  also  grand- 
son John,  of  Cornwall.  The  inventory  of  his 
estate  amounted  to  two  hundred  and  twenty- 
one  pounds  three  shillings  seven  pence.  Chil- 
dren: John;  Isaac,  born  in  1719,  menlioncd 
below;  Nathaniel;  Samuel,  1726. 

(IV)  Isaac,  son  of  Nathaniel  Benedict,  was 
born  in  1719,  and  married  Mary  Videtto,  of 
Danbury,  who  died  November  2,  1803.  He 
died  September  15,  18 13,  at  Monterey,  Alassa- 
chusetts.  He  bought  land  in  Tyringiiam,  Mas- 
sachusetts, in  1772,  but  was  living  in  Danbury. 
when  he  made  his  will,  August  3,  1801.  Chil- 
dren: Abigail,  September  30,  1745:  Abel,  men- 
tioned below;  Mary,  November  21,  1750;  Sam- 
uel, July  29,  1753  ;  Priscilla,  July  6,  1755  ;  Eliz- 
abeth, February  3,  1761  ;  Rebecca,  November 
20,  177 1. 

(V)  Abel,  son  of  Isaac  lienedict,  was  born 
October  i,  1748,  and  married  Hannah,  daugh- 
ter of  Hezekiah  and  Hannah  (Judd)  Benedict. 
Hezekiah  Benedict  was  the  son  of  James, 
grandson  of  James,  and  great-grandson  of 
Thomas  Benedict.  He  was  a  royalist  in  the 
revolution,  moved  to  Schoharie  coimty,  about 
1775-76,  and  died  there.  Hannah,  wife  of 
Abel  Benedict,  was  born  T747,  and  died  De- 
cember 28,  1799.  Abel  Benedict  was  a  lieu- 
tenant in  the  revolution.  He  lived  at  Mon- 
terey, and  died  there,  December  20,  1819.  Chil- 
dren: Mary,  died  young;  Hannah,  married 
Sereno   Dwight,   of   Aurelius;    Lucy,   married 

Pearce,  of  I'ompey;  Jemima,  married 

Stephen,  son  of  Gilbert  Ijenedict ;  Phebe,  died 
yoimg;  Clarissa,  married  Ethel,  son  of  Na- 
thaniel Bt'nedict ;  Isaac,  born  May  29,  1775; 
Abel,  mentiiined  below. 

(\T)  Abel  (2).  son  of  Abel  (i)  Benedict, 
was  born  February  11,  1777,  and  married,  Sep- 
tember 5,  1799,  Betsey,  daughter  of  Samuel 
W'adsworth,  who  died  June  4,  1840.  He  died 
.November  25,  1824,  at  Cortian<l,  New  York. 
Children:  Laura,  born  September  1,  1800;  Al- 
bert, November  4,  1802 ;  Eliza,  September  22, 
1804,  died  October  15,  1815;  Horace,  men- 
tioned below;  Luke,  January  14,  1809;  Julia, 
July  17,  181 1  ;  William,  May  16,  1813,  died 
May  13,  1814;  Oren,  April  20,  1816,  died  No- 
vember, 1824:  Orilla,  April  20,  1816;  Cieorge 
\V.,  November  28,  1818:  Rensselaer  D.,  Janu- 
ary ^o,  1821,  died  March,  i8()i  ;  Almon  F., 
October  8,  1824. 

(  \  II )  Horace,  son  of  Abel  (2)  Benedict, 
was  born  October  21,  1806,  married,  F^ebruary 
I,  1844,  Nancy  L.,  born  1826,  daughter  of 
Levi  Bonney.  He  lived  in  Cortlandville,  New 
York.  Children :  Archibald  W.,  born  August 
20,  184s:  Byron  A.,  mentioned  below;  Lovina 
.\I..  May  10,  1848;  Orilla,  July  23,  1849; 
Emma  M..  July  13,  1851  ;  Elmer  IL,  June  18. 
i8f)i.  died  February  17,  1862:  Irving  A.. 
March  8,  1863. 

(  \  HI)  Byron  .\lmon,  son  of  Horace  Bene- 
dict, was  born  in  Cortlandville,  Cortland  coun- 
ty. New  York,  October  11,  1846,  and  died  at 
Cortlantl,  -March  16,  1908.  He  attended  the 
public  schools  and  Cortland  Academy,  and  was 
graduated  from  Hamilton  College,  .\fter 
leaving  college  he  began  the  study  of  law  in  the 
office  of  Judge  W.  H.  Shankland  and  was  ad- 
mitted to  the  bar.  He  became  the  junior  part- 
ner in  the  well-known  law  firm  of  Duell  & 
P>enedict,  wdiich  continued  until  the  death  of 
Judge  Duell,  after  which  he  was  alone  in  prac- 
tice at  Cortland.  During  the  six  years  jjrior 
to  his  death,  he  also  had  an  office  in  Syracuse, 
but  continued  to  reside  in  Cortland.  Twice  he 
was  elected  district  attorney  of  Cortland  coun- 
ty, and  for  many  years  he  was  one  of  the 
leaders  of  the  bar.  In  addition  to  his  law- 
business  he  was  interested  financially  in  vari- 
ous enterprises  and  ac(|uired  large  holdings 
in  real  estate.  He  was  a  director  and  attorney 
of  the  Cortland  National  I5ank  and  one  of  the 
promoters  .'uid  owners  of  the  o])era  house  in 
Cortland.  In  religion  he  was  a  Presbyterian. 
While  in  college  he  was  a  member  of  the  Theta 
Delta  Chi  fraternity,  of  Hamilt(jn. 

He  married,  in  1870,  .\nna  T.  Clapp,  of 
Hartford,  Connecticut,  born  Se])tember  22, 
1847,  daughter  of  Aaron  and  Priscilla  S. 
(Ilurlhurt)    Cla])]).      Her   father  was  born   in 

y,  ^r    /^Z^^^-TAJ^^^^/- 

MCW   V(  )RK 


Nortlianipton,  Massachusetts,  and  was  de- 
scended from  one  of  the  most  prominent  of 
the  early  colonial  families  of  Drirchester.  Mas- 
sachusetts, his  grandfather,  Thomas  Clapp, 
being  one  of  the  presidents  of  Yale  College. 
Children:  I.  Bessie,  born  November  13,  1879: 
married,  July  30,  1902,  William  H.  Mctiraw. 
of  Cortland,  of  the  firm  of  McGraw  &  Elliott, 
druggists;  cliild :  Harvey  Benedict  McGraw, 
born  June  20,  1904.  2.  Harriet  Priscilla.  born 
January  30,  i8c86;  married,  December  20,  1908, 
Levi  Richard  Chase,  a  lawyer,  of  Cortland,  and 
ex-district  attorney.  3-  Florence  .A.,  died  in 

The  name  Hulbert  is  spelled 
HULRERT     in    different    ways,    Hulbert, 

Hulburt,  Hulbut,  Hurlbut,  be- 
ing among  those  most  commonly  used.  The 
coat-of-arms  of  the  English  family  is:  Quar- 
terly argent  and  sable,  in  the  sinister  chief  and 
de.xter  base,  each  a  lion  rampant,  or,  over  all 
a  bend  gules,  charged  with  the  amulets  of  the 

(I)  Thomas  Hulbert,  or  Hurlbut,  came  to 
America  early,  and  was  a  soldier  under  Lionel 
Gardiner  in  the  fight  at  Saybrook,  Connecticut, 
in  1635.  It  is  supposed  that  he  came  with 
Gardiner  in  a  fishing  vessel,  July  10,  1635.  In 
an  encounter  with  the  Pequot  Indians,  in  1637, 
he  was  wounded  by  an  arrow,  almost  through 
the  thigh.  An  account  of  this  skirmish  was 
left  in  a  manuscript  by  Lionel  Gardiner,  he 
being  urged  to  w-rite  it,  as  he  said,  by  Robert 
Chapman.  Thomas  Hulbert  and  Major  Mason. 
They  were  a  company  of  ten  men  and  were 
attacked  by  about  a  hundred  Indians,  whom 
they  successfully  held  off  until  they  reached 
their  homes.  Thomas  Hulbert  was  a  black- 
smith by  trade,  and  after  the  Pequot  war  estab- 
lished himself  in  Wethersfield,  Connecticut, 
where  he  was  one  of  the  early  settlers.  He 
was  clerk  of  the  train  band  in  1640,  deputy  to 
the  general  court,  grand  juror,  and  constable 
in  1644.  He  had  grants  of  land  in  Wethers- 
field, for  his  services  in  the  Indian  wars.  It 
is  said  that  the  house  occupied,  in  1888,  by 
Miss  Harriet  Mitchell,  in  Wethersfield,  was 
on  the  site  of  his  house.     He  married  Sarah 

.  Children  :  Thomas  ;  John,  born  March 

8,  1642:  Samuel;  Joseph;  Stephen,  mentioned 
below ;  Cornelius. 

(II)  Stephen,  son  of  Thomas  Hulbert,  was 
born  in  Wethersfield,  Connecticut,  about  1649. 
He  was  twice  married.     .According  to  one  au- 

thority, he  married.  December  12,  1678,  Doro- 
thy   ,  and  acciirding  to  another,  he  mar- 
ried, on  the  same  ilate,  Pliebe .  He  is  sup- 
posed to  have  been  a  mechanic  by  occupation. 
He  was  granted  by  the  town  of  Wethersfield, 
February  2^.  1694,  "a  jiiece  of  land  8  feet  in 
breadth,  70  feet  in  length,  flanking  upon  his 
nwn  lot  next  his  house  to  set  a  shop  upon." 
There  is  nu  recurd  nf  his  death  nor  of  the 
deaths  of  either  of  his  wives.  Children  (if 
.Stephen  and  Dorothy,  the  first  four  born  in 
Wethersfield:  .Stephen,  Se]5tember  17,  1679; 
Thomas,  January  2^.  1681,  mentioned  below  r 
Joseph,  July  10,  1683;  I'.enjamin,  October  29, 
"1685:  Pl"ui)e.  .\ugust'2,  1688;  Dorothy,  March 
5,  1690. 

(HI)  Thomas  (  2 ),  son  of  Stephen  Hulbert, 
was  born  in  Wethersfield,  January  23,  i(58i. 
He  was  a  farmer  by  occupation  and  spent  his 
life  in  his  native  town.  He  married.  January 
II,  1703,  Rebecca,  daughter  of  John  Meekins. 
of  Wethersfield,  or  East  Hartford,  and  grand- 
daughter of  the  immigrant,  John  Biddle,  of 
Hartford.  He  died  April  10,  1761.  His  will 
was  dated  November  19,  1755,  and  left  one- 
third  of  the  estate  to  his  wife  during  her  life. 
Children,  born  in  Wethersfield :  Stephen,  Feb- 
ruary 3.  1706;  Hannah,  March  8,  1708;  John, 
October  i,  1710;  Rebecca.  January  12,  1713; 
Thomas,  February  19,  171 5;  Amos,  .\pril  14. 
1717:  Elijah,  December  9,  1719;  Elizabeth. 
1721  ;  Timothy,  mentioned  below. 

( I\' )  Timothy,  son  of  Thomas  ( 2 )  Hulbert, 
was  born  in  Wethersfield,  January  16,  1723. 
He  was  a  farmer  by  occupation  and  lived  in  his 
native  town.  He  owned  also  land  in  Glaston- 
bury, Connecticut,  wdiich  he  had  received  from 
his   father's   estate.      He   married,   C)ctober   5, 

1737,  Sarah  Clark.  Both  his  name  and  that 
of  his  wife  a])pear  in  the  catalogue  of  Wethers- 
field church,  1758.    He  died  August,  1773,  and 

his  widow  married   (second)   Collins, 

and    ( third  )    ' Chamberlain.     Children, 

born    in    Wethersfield :    Timothy,    August    12, 

1738,  mentioned  below  ;  Titus,  April  15,  1760; 
Sarah.  January  7,  1762:  Philip,  .September  30, 
1764,  died  Xovember  30,  1766;  Ruth,  Novem- 
ber 22.  1766;  Philip,  January  7,  ijCnj. 

(V )  Timothy  (2),  son  of  Timothy  (i) 
Hulbert,  was  born  in  Wethersfield,  .August  12. 
1758.  He  learned  the  trade  of  carpenter,  but 
was  afterwards  a  farmer.  He  lived  in  Pitts- 
field,  where  he  applied  to  be  exempt  from 
church  taxation.  He  died  July  12,  1838.  He 
married  (first),  March  7,  1784,  Mary  Robbins. 



born  in  Pittsfield,  January  13,  1765,  died  there 
June  4,  1809.  He  married  (second),  March, 
181 1,  OHve  Caldwell,  born  in  Pittsfield,  died 
there,  October  16,  1855,  or  1856.  Children, 
born  in  Pittsfield:  Elizabeth,  December  14, 
1784:  Stephen,  July  31,  1786;  Mary,  January 
17,  1788;  Timothy,  October  2,  1789,  mentioned 
below;  Huldah,  September  11,  1791 ;  Sarah, 
June  14,  1793,  died  June  27,  1793;  Sarah 
(twin),  September  16,  1794;  Polly  (twin), 
died  September  17,  1794:  Oren,  October  26, 
1796;  Julia  Ann,  August  13,  1798;  William 
Hayes,  November  ii,  1800:  Laura  Maria, 
March  5,  1803;  Royal  Alonzo,  July  17,  1804; 
Jerome  P)Onaparte,  August,  1806. 

(VI)  Timothy  (3),  son  of  Timothy  (2) 
Hulbert,  was  born  in  Pittsfield,  October  2, 
1789.  About  1810  he  removed  to  Truxton, 
New  York,  where  he  lived  until  his  death, 
May  20,  1848.  He  was  a  carpenter  and  joiner 
by  trade,  and  did  a  wonderful  amount  of  busi- 
ness. Much  of  his  handiwork  in  those  lines 
has  remained  until  to-day  as  a  witness  of  his 
careful  workmanship  and  honest  efforts.  He 
became  the  owner  of  a  large  farm  and  attain- 
ed prominence  and  high  standing  in^  his  com- 
munity. During  his  younger  years  he  organ- 
ized a  military  company,  of  which  he  was 
made  captain.  His  commission,  dated  April 
8,  1822,  was  signed  by  Governor  DeWitt  Clin- 
ton, and  his  company  was  assigned  to  the  One 
Hundred  and  Twenty-fourth  Regiment,  state 
militia.  In  politics  he  was  a  Democrat  of  an 
uncompromising  type,  and  an  ardent  supporter 
of  his  party  at  all  times.  He  represented  his 
town  on  the  board  of  supervisors  for  years, 
and  was  once  a  candidate  for  the  nomination 
of  member  of  assembly.  In  religion  he  was  a 
Methodist,  and  trustee  of  the  local  society. 
He  married,  February  i,  1817,  Mehitabel 
Miner,  of  West  Bloomfiekl,  New  York,  born 
July  20,  1797.  He  had  six  sons,  all  of  whom 
were  in  the  produce  business ;  two  located  in 
New  York  (I'ity,  where  they  were  large  pro- 
<luce  dealers  and  exporters,  and  the  other  four 
scattered  throughout  the  state,  buying  and 
raising  produce.  Children  :  Emily  Eliza,  born 
March  24,  1818;  William,  December  26,  1819; 
Pauline,  March  9,  1822,  died  August  29.  1823; 
Lafayette,  June  29,  1824,  mentioned  below; 
Jerome,  February  23,  1827,  mentioned  below; 
George  Allen,  September  27,  1829,  mentioned 
below:  Marvin  Miner,  November  7,  1832;  Ed- 
win Murray,  Jainiary  2,  1836. 

(\'n)    Lafayette,  son  of  Timothy  (3)  Hul- 

bert, was  born  in  Truxton,  New  York,  June 
29,  1824.  He  was  a  produce  dealer  and  ex- 
porter in  New  York  City,  and  was  associated 
with  his  brother  William.  He  carried  on  busi- 
ness there  as  late  as  1863.  He  married  Helen 
Miner,  of  Jersey  City,  New  Jersey.  Children: 
Ernest  M.,  mentioned  below ;  Marvin  Miner, 
born  June  i,  i860,  died  January  26,  1861  ; 

(VIII)  Ernest  M.,  son  of  Lafayette  Hul- 
bert. was  born  in  New  York  City,  in  1854,  died 
in  Cortland,  New  York,  September  20,  1905. 
He  attended  the  schools  of  New  York  City, 
also  Holbrook  Military  School  on  the  Hudson, 
and  Peekskill  Military  School.  He  prepared 
for  West  Point,  but  on  account  of  his  father's 
death,  was  obliged  to  give  it  up.  He  removed 
to  Cortland  and  went  into  the  hardware  busi- 
ness with  William  Newkirk.  Later  he  became 
engaged  in  the  manufacture  of  window  screens 
with  W.  J.  Greenman.  He  had  besides  e.xten- 
sive  real  estate  interests  in  Cortland,  and  dur- 
ing the  later  years  of  his  life  was  retired  from 
active  life.  He  was  a  member  of  the  Presby- 
terian church.  He  married  Ella  Roe,  daughter 
of  Jerome  and  Mary  (Roe)  Hulbert  (see  Hul- 
bert VII).  Child,  Louis  Roe,  mentioned  below. 

(IX)  Louis  Roe,  son  of  Ernest  M.  Hul- 
bert, was  born  in  Cortland,  New  York,  April 
17,  1 881.  He  attended  the  Cortland  Normal 
School,  Cascadilla  Preparatory  School,  and 
Williams  College,  Williamstown,  Massachu- 
setts. After  finishing  his  college  course,  he 
entered  the  manufacturing  plant  of  his  father 
in  Cortland.  In  January,  1910,  he  began  the 
manufacture  of  slioes  in  Cortland  in  company 
with  H.  R.  Rice,  under  the  firm  name  of  Rice- 
Hulbert  Shoe  Company.  He  is  a  member  of 
the  Presbyterian  church.  He  married,  June, 
1906,  Irene,  daughter  of  William  and  Esther 
(Jennings)  Hout.  They  have  one  son,  Ernest 
Hout,  born  August,  1907. 

(VII)  Jerome,  son  of  Timothy  (3)  Hul- 
bert, was  born  February  23,  1827,  in  Truxton, 
New  York.  He  received  a  common  school 
education,  and  afterwards  learned  the  trade  of 
harness-maker.  He  did  not,  however,  con- 
tinue that  occupation  for  any  length  of  time, 
but,  in  1855,  entered  the  wholesale  produce 
business  with  four  of  his  brothers.  He  re- 
mained in  this  latter  business  throughout  his 
life  and  was  eminently  successful  in  it.  In 
politics  he  was  a  Republican,  nuich  interested 
in  the  cause  of  good  government,  and  radically 
o[i]i()sed  to  the  rule  of  party  bosses.    He  never 



sought  office,  however.  In  religion  he  was  a 
Presbyterian,  and  a  very  active  member  of  that 
church.  For  years  he  was  the  superintendent 
of  the  Sunday  school,  also  president  of  the 
Young  Men's  Christian  Association.  He  was 
a  man  of  rare  attainments,  and  held  in  the 
highest  respect  by  all  who  knew  him.  In  his 
business  relations  he  united  keen  judgment, 
strict  integrity  and  an  unusual  sense  of  jus- 
tice. In  his  home  life  he  was  loyal  and  most 
indulgent  to  the  members  o_f  his  family.  He 
was  public  spirited  and  always  ready  to  take 
up  any  work  which  would  contribute  to  the 
prosperity  and  welfare  of  his  town.  He  lived 
the  greater  part  of  his  life  in  Marathon.  He 
married  Mary,  daughter  of  Sylvester  Roe  (see 
Roe  VI).  He  died  in  Marathon,  December 
17,  1884.  Child,  Ella  Roe,  married  Ernest  M. 
Hulbert  (see  Hulbert  \III). 

(\'II)  George  .Allen,  son  of  Timothy  (3) 
Hulbert,  was  born  September  2~,  1829,  in 
Truxton,  New  York.  He  attended  the  local 
schools,  and,  in  1851,  entered  Cortlandville 
Academy  to  prepare  for  Yale  College.  He 
did  not,  however,  enter  college,  but  instead 
commenced  the  study  of  law  in  the  office  of 
Judge  Daniel  Hawks,  then  county  judge  and 
surrogate  of  Cortland  county.  He  continued 
his  study  of  law  in  the  offices  of  H.  &  K.  L. 
Ballard,  at  Cortland,  and  with  Hon.  Charles 
Mason,  justice  of  the  supreme  court  of  Hamil- 
ton, Madison  county.  For  advanced  legal  study 
he  spent  a  year  at  the  law  school,  at  Ballston 
Spa,  Saratoga  county,  and  finished  his  course 
at  the  Albany  Law  School.  In  1834  he  was  ad- 
mitted to  the  bar  and  began  the  practice  of  his 
profession  in  Hornellsville,  Steuben  county. 
After  spending  fourteen  months  in  that  city 
he  removed  to  Chicago,  Illinois,  where  he  en- 
tered the  office  of  John  H.  Kedzie  and  re- 
mained about  a  year.  He  then  returned  to  the 
east,  and  became  engaged  in  a  mercantile  busi- 
ness in  Onondaga  county.  In  1864  he  re- 
moved to  Marathon,  New  York,  and  with 
four  of  his  brothers  entered  the  wholesale  pro- 
duce business,  under  the  name  of  William  Hul- 
bert &  Brothers,  with  headquarters  in  New 
York  City.  He  and  his  brother  Jerome  had 
charge-  of  the  purchasing  at  Marathon.  The 
firm  prospered  and  they  became  leaders  in  the 
butter  and  cheese  business  in  New  York  City. 
They  continued  for  thirty  years,  and  each 
brother  accumulated  a  fine  fortune.  After  the 
death  of  Jerome,  George  Allen  Hulbert  dis- 
continued the  produce  business  and  resumed 

the  practice  of  law,  which  he  continued  imtil 
his  death. 

In  politics  he  was  a  Democrat  of  the  Stephen 
A.  Douglas  type,  and  throughout  the  civil  war 
was  a  strong  Unionist.  Though  he  never 
sought  office,  he  was  found  to  be  a  safe  and 
disinterested  assistant  in  party  councils  and 
served  for  many  years  on  town  and  county 
committees.  He  was  at  one  time  one  of  the 
supervisors  of  the  town  and  was  justice  of 
the  peace  for  twenty-three  years.  He  was  also 
notary  public.  During  his  term  of  office  the 
honesty  and  justice  of  his  decisions  were  never 
c|uestioned,  and  the  dignity  with  which  he 
presided  over  his  court,  and  the  order  which 
he  insisted  upon  in  it,  tended  to  raise  the 
standard  of  the  office  in  the  county  at  large. 
He  was  a  man  of  more  than  ordinary  ability 
and  of  high  attainments,  honorable  and  straight- 
forward in  all  his  dealings,  of  excellent  busi- 
ness instincts,  and  possessed  of  the  confidence 
of  his  fellow-citizens.  He  was  keenly  inter- 
ested in  the  improvement  of  the  village  of 
Marathon,  and  added  much  to  its  architectural 
beauty  by  the  erection  of  several  buildings, 
notably,  in  1886,  a  three-story  business  block 
on  Main  street.  The  ground  floor  of  this 
building  is  devoted  to  stores,  the  second  to 
offices,  and  the  third  to  a  public  hall,  equipped 
with  a  stage  and  scenery.  The  use  of  this  hall 
has  been  free  for  all  public  entertainments.  In 
1898  he  also  erected  one  of  die  handsomest 
residences  in  the  village.  Besides  these  build- 
ings he  has  also  improved  other  dwellings  in 
the  town.  In  religion  he  was  a  Methodist  and 
an  ardent  worker  in  that  church. 

He  married  Mary,  daughter  of  Richard  and 
Mary  (Hinkley)  Smith,  born  in  Fabius,  New 
York.  Her  father,  Richard  Smith,  was  from 
New  Bedford,  Massachusetts,  and  in  his  day 
was  a  well-known  sea  captain.  He  was  born 
in  Dublin,  Ireland.  Her  mother,  Mary  (Hink- 
ley) Smith,  was  born  in  Barnstable,  Cape  Cod, 
Massachusetts.  Mrs.  Hulbert  is  one  of  the 
best  musicians  in  Central  New  York,  and  was 
for  several  years  organist  of  the  Methodist 
church  in  Marathon.  She  has  continued  her 
husband's  plans  for  improving  the  property 
and  adding  to  the  prosperity  and  appearance 
of  the  village.  Mr.  Hulbert  died  March  12, 

(The  Roe  Line). 

(Ill)  Nathaniel  (2)  Roe,  son  of  Nathaniel 
(i)  Roe  (q.  v.),  was  born  in  1700,  and  died  in 
1789.      He   married    Elizabeth    Phillips,   born 



1702,  dic-d  1788.  Children:  I'hillijjs :  James, 
inentioned  Ijelow ;  Xathaniel.  William.  Han- 
nah, Elizabeth,  Sarah,  Deborah. 

(I\')  James,  son  of  Xathaniel  [2)  Roe,  was 
born  in  Kingston,  New  York,  April  4,  1744. 
He  was  a  soldier  in  the  revolution.  He  mar- 
ried, October  19,  1770,  Elizabeth  Elting.  Chil- 
dren :  James,  Elizabeth ;  John  Elting,  men- 
tioned below ;  Sylvester,  Ann,  William,  Na- 
thaniel, Rachel ;  Peter,  grandfather  of  the 
author,  E.   I'.  Roe. 

(V)  John  Elting,  son  of  James  Roe,  was 
born  in  Kingston,  in  1774.  He  married  and 
among  his  children  was  Sylvester,  mentioned 

(VI)  Sylvester,   son   of   John    Elting   Roe, 

was  born  in  180 1.     He  married , 

and  among  their  children  was  Mary,  born 
18^1,   married    lerome   Hulbert    (see    Hulbert 

vfi).  ■ 

Thomas  Charnick  Glover,  of  an 
GLO\'ER     ancient    English    family,    lived 
and   died    in    Lancashire,   Eng- 
land, leaving  sons  Thomas,  mentioned  below. 
and  Charnick. 

{II)  Thomas,  son  of  Thomas  Charnick 
Glover,  was  born  in  Lancashire.  England, 
about  1760.  He  came  to  this  country  at  the 
age  of  eighteen  years  with  his  brother  Char- 
nick, and  at  the  close  of  the  revolutionary  war 
settled  in  Schoharie  county.  New  York,  among 
the  pioneers,  and  followed  farming  there  dur- 
ing the  remainder  of  his  life.  He  had  three 
sons,  Henry,  John  and  Jacob,  and  four  daugh- 

(IV)  Henry,  grandson  vi  Thomas  (dover, 
was  born  at  .Sharon,  Schoharie  county.  New 
York,  September  rg,  181 1,  died  at  Troups- 
burg.  New  York,  March  28,  1865.  He  married 
Eliza  McDowell,  born  at  (l)tego,  Otsego  county. 
New  York.  March  i,  1814,  died  Eebruary  3, 
1887,  at  St.  Paul.  Minnesota.  Children:  i. 
Charles,  born  May  14.  1835 ;  married  Ruth 
Morey.  2.  Jeanette,  September  i.  1836.  died 
January  14.  1873;  married  William  J.  I.oucks. 
3.  Margaret,  February  18,  1838;  married 
Alonzo  H.  Haxton.  4.  Martha,  November  23. 
1839;  married  William  Chase.  5.  Henry,  April 
8,  1840,  mentioned  below.  6.  Matilda,  April 
22,  1843;  married  R.  Mcl^lroy.  7.  Lucy  Ann. 
October  16,  1844;  married  Sanuiel  Olmstead. 
8.  George  W..  December  13,  1845:  married 
Harriet  Tiffany.  <>.  William.  Se])tember  23. 
1847,  died  .September  18,  1887;  married  Delia 

Holt,  a  widow.  10.  Maryetta,  November  4, 
183 1  ;  married  Lafayette  Stowe;  she  died  about 
one  year  after  marriage. 

(  \' )  Henry  (2).  son  of  Henry  (I)  Glover, 
was  born  at  Skaneateles  Junction,  Onondaga 
county.  New  York.  April  8.  1840.  He  re- 
ceived his  education  in  the  public  schools.  In 
his  younger  days  he  lived  in  Te.xas  Valley, 
Cortland  county.  New  York,  and  followed 
lumbering.  For  the  past  forty-four  years, 
however,  he  has  made  his  home  in  the  town  of 
Lisle,  Broome  county.  New  York,  and  has 
followed  farming.  He  is  a  staunch  Democrat 
and  has  served  as  deputy  sheriff.  He  married 
Mary  Loesa,  born  December  7,  1848.  died 
April  17,  191 1,  daughter  of  Joseph  Sparrow, 
who  came  of  a  prominent  Cape  Cod.  Massa- 
chusetts, family.  Her  mother  was  Azubah 
(  Close  )  Sparrow.  Children  :  i.  Clyde  \'.,  born 
June  II,  1878,  died  November  28,  1879.  2. 
F.  Ray.  born  .November  8,  1880,  engaged  in 
the  poultry  business  at  Lisle,  New  York ;  mar- 
ried Grace  L.  Glezen.  3.  Harold  Jay,  men- 
tioned below. 

(  \'l  )  Harold  Jay.  son  of  Henry  (2)  Glover, 
was  born  in  Lisle.  liroome  county.  New  York, 
March  29,  1883.  He  attended  the  public 
schools  of  his  native  town  and  graduated  from 
the  Lisle  high  school  and  from  the  Lowell 
Piusiness  College,  at  Hinghamton,  New  York. 
He  began  the  study  of  law  in  the  office  of 
.\ttorney  Paige,  of  Lisle,  and  began  his  law 
course  in  the  Law  School  of  Syracuse  L^niver- 
sity.  f'ecause  of  his  health  he  was  compelled 
to  give  up  his  studies  at  the  university,  and.  in 
February.  1906.  he  entered  the  office  of  Milo 
C.  Paige.  He  was  admitted  to  the  bar  in  Oc- 
tober, 1903,  and  remained  as  law  clerk  in  the 
office  of  Air.  Paige  for  a  short  time.  He  came 
to  Marathon,  New  York,  in  February,  1909, 
and  opened  an  office.  Since  then  he  has  been 
in  general  practice  in  that  town,  and  he  also 
has  an  insurance  business  in  connection  with 
his  legal  ])ractice.  In  politics  he  is  a  Demo- 
crat and  he  has  been  the  nominee  of  his  party 
for  asseiubhnian  in  the  district,  which  com- 
prises Piroome  county.  He  is  member  of  the 
State   Par  .\ssociation. 

"He  beareth  gules  two  chev- 
P.\R.SO.\'S     rons    ermine    between    three 

eagles  displayed  or:  Piy  the 
name  of  Parsons.  Crest :  An  eagle's  head 
erased  at  the  thigh,  standing  on  a  leopard's 
head — guK's."     .Such   is   the  distinction   which 

NEW  Y(  )RK. 


Charles  I.,  in  1634,  bestowed  upon  his  faithful 
subject,  Sir  Thomas  Parsons,  hart.,  of  Great 
Milton,  or  Great  Torrington,  the  immediate 
ancestor  of  the  founder  of  the  family  of  tliat 
surname  in  America,  and  himself  a  descendant 
of  an  English  family  of  great  antiquity,  dating 
to  Walter  Parsons,  of  Mulso,  Ireland,  1290. 
and  back  of  him  in  England  to  the  time  of  the 
Conquest,  for  the  Parsons  of  Ireland  went 
there  from  h^ngland. 

Cornet  Joseph  Parsons,  son  of  Sir  Thomas 
Parsons,  bart..  and  said  to  have  been  an  officer 
in  the  English  army,  sailed  from  Gravesend. 
England.  July  4.  1635.  in  the  barque  "Trans- 
port." Edward  Walker,  master,  for  Boston, 
and  next  appears  with  William  Pynchon"s  col- 
ony of  planters  who  founded  a  settlement  at 
Agawam.  now  Springfield,  Massachusetts,  in 
the  year  1636.  On  July  15,  of  the  same  year, 
his  name  a]i])ears  as  witness  to  a  deed  of 
cession  from  the  Indians  of  the  Connecticut 
valley  to  Pynchon"s  company,  conveying  to 
them  all  the  lands  in  the  region  of  Springfield, 
for  the  "consideration  of  eighteen  yards  of 
wampum.  18  coats.  18  hatchets,  18  hoes  and 
[8  knives":  but  the  consideratidu  was  fair, 
for  William  was  a  just  man  and  they  who  com- 
prised his  comjiany  of  planters  were  all  just 
and  honorable  men  and  none  others  were  ad- 
mitted inhabitants  of  his  plantation.  Cornet 
Joseph  Parsons  was  born  in  (jreat  Torrington. 
near  Exeter,  Devonshire,  England,  and  on  his 
voyage  to  New  England  was  accompanied  b\' 
his  brother  llenjamin  and  others  of  the  family, 
but  it  is  with  him  and  his  descendants  that  we 
treat  ])articularly  in  these  annals.  lie  was  a 
man  of  considerable  imjKirtance  in  the  planta- 
tion at  /\gawam  and  Springfield,  and.  in  1642. 
he  was  one  of  the  founders  of  the  new  planta- 
tion at  Northam])tiin  and  cjue  of  the  first  pur- 
chasers of  Indian  lands  there  in  i')43.  He  was 
a  fur  trader  and  had  the  sole  right  of  barter 
and  traffic  in  furs  in  the  valley,  fijr  which 
right  he  paid  annually  the  sum  of  twelve 
pounds.  He  accumulated  a  large  estate  in 
lands  and  goods.  He  died  October  g,  1683. 
1  le  married,  November  2(S,  1646.  Mary,  daugh- 
ter of  Thomas  and  Margaret  (  Eord  )  Pliss.  of 
Hartford.  Connecticut.  Children:  [oseph.  lx>rn 
Novemljer.  1647:  I'enjamin.  1649.  tiled  same 
year:  John.  August  14,  1650;  Samuel,  January 
-?!•  1653,  settled  in  Durham.  Connecticut: 
Ebenezer.  May  i,  1655,  killed  by  Indians  in 
King  Philip's  war,  September  8,  1675  ;  Jona- 
than, June  6,  1657  ;  David,  April  30.  1659,  died 

yi.iung:  Mary.  June  jj,  1661,  accused  with  the 
heresy  of  witchcraft  and  tried  before  the  court 
of  assistants,  Poston.  May  13.  1692,  and  ac- 
c|uitted  iif  the  charge:  Hannah,  .August  I, 
iri()3  :  Abigail,  September  3,  1666.  married  John 
Cotton :  Hester.  December  24,   1672. 

(  I )  Timothy  Parsons,  a  descendant  of  Cor- 
net Josqjh  Parsons,  was  born  April  7,  t8oi. 
died  in  the  village  of  Maine,  New  York,  April 
18.  1877.  He  came  to  the  above-mentioned 
village  in  1837.  from  Otsego  county.  New 
\"nrk.  and  lived  there  most  of  his  life.  He  was 
a  farmer  and  wagon  maker  by  trade.  He  mar- 
ried. May  24.  1821.  Deborah  Knott,  born  May 
17.  1805.  died  March  i.  1881.  Children: 
Eunice  Amanda,  born  May  16,  1822,  died 
March  3,  1879:  married  Abe  Curtiss ;  Delos 
Timothy.  Octtiber  5,  1823,  died  young:  Will- 
iam Albert:  .Sally,  Eebruary  5.  1827.  died  Eeb- 
ruary  15.  191 1  :  Henry,  deceased:  Walter,  de- 
ceased: Maria,  deceased:  Melissa,  married  M. 
I).  Newton,  lives  in  Downey,  California:  Eva, 
October  24.  1847.  married  h'rank  M,  Perry, 
lives  at   Whitney's  Point.  New  York. 

(  11  I  William  Albert,  son  of  Timothy  F'ar- 
sons.  «as  Ixirn  in  Butternuts,  Otsego  county. 
New  York.  May  i.  1825.  died  July  12,  1905. 
He  removed  with  his  parents  to  the  town  of 
Maine.  Broome  county.  New  York,  when 
twelve  years  of  age.  He  received  a  common 
school  education  and  became  a  farmer.  He 
was  actively  engaged  in  farming  for  about 
forty  years,  but  during  the  later  years  of  his 
life  was  retired.  He  also  had  a  sawmill.  In 
politics  he  was  at  first  a  Republican,  and  later 
a  strong  Prohibitionist.  In  religion  he  was  a 
F!a[)tist.  as  were  all  of  his  family.  He  mar- 
ried. January  2",  1848.  Cynthia  ]\Iaria.  daugh- 
ter of  Adin  and  Emily  L.  (  North)  Ross,  liorn 
in  Candor.  Tioga  county.  December  28.  1830. 
died  March  30,  1904.  Children:  i.  Clarence 
.A.,  born  June  3.  1849:  married,  in  1872,  .Ade- 
laide M.  I'oole.  of  Oswego,  New  York :  is  a 
court  stenographer  in  the  I'nited  States  court, 
and  lives  at  413  West  One  Hundred  and  Fifty- 
fourth  street.  New  York  City  :  children  :  Harry 
K.,  deceased  :  Charles  E.,  Grace  Isabelle,  Clar- 
ence A..  Eva  Louise.  Robert  M..  Florence  Ade- 
laide. 2.  M.  Eva.  born  June  22.  1853.  "i  teacher 
in  Ilion.  New  York.  3.  Minnie  R..  born  De- 
cember 3.  1861.  died  July  21,.  1891  :  married 
Andrew  J.  Doughty.  4.  Son.  born  May  15. 
1864.  f1ied  in  infancy.  5.  Bert  Ross,  men- 
tioned below. 

(Ill)    Bert    Ross,    son    of    William    Albert 



Parsons,  was  born  in  Carolina,  Tompkins 
county.  New  York,  August  2,  1872,  and  was 
educated  in  the  schools  of  his  native  town,  the 
Candor  Free  Academy,  and  the  Waverly  high 
school.  After  leaving  school  he  was  for  sev- 
eral years  a  bookkeeper.  In  1894-95  he  began 
the  study  of  medicine  in  the  office  of  Dr. 
Gamble,  of  Waverly,  and,  in  1896,  entered  the 
Eclectic  Medical  Institute,  Cincinnati,  Ohio, 
from  wdiich  he  graduated  in  1899.  He  then  re- 
turned to  New  York  and  passed  a  successful 
examination  in  the  University  of  the  State  of 
New  York.  In  August,  1899,  he  removed  to 
Marathon,  New  York,  and  commenced  the 
practice  of  his  profession.  He  has  made  his 
liome  there  since.  He  has  been  coroner  of 
Cortland  for  nine  years.  He  is  a  member  of 
the  Cortland  County  and  State  Medical  soci- 
eties. He  is  also  a  member  of  the  Independ- 
ent Order  of  Odd  Fellows ;  the  Free  and  Ac- 
cepted Masons,  of  Marathon,  also  of  sev- 
eral college  fraternities.  In  politics  he  is  a  Re- 
publican, and  in  religion  a  Methodist.  He 
married,  October  4,  1899,  Rosabelle  Springer, 
of  Tioga  county,  daughter  of  George  and  Ruth 
Elizabeth  (Stevens)  Springer.  Children:  Harry 
D.,  born  March  8,  1904;  Russell  G.,  Septem- 
ber 25,  1907. 

John  Fish,  immigrant  ancestor,  is 
FISH     believed  to  have  come  to  this  country 

as  early  as  1637,  and  to  have  settled 
first  in  Lynn,  Massachusetts.  In  1655  he  was 
located  in  New  London,  Connecticut,  and  be- 
tween the  above-mentioned  dates,  lived  prob- 
ably in  Stratford,  Connecticut.  He  had  a  home 
lot  and  about  six  acres  of  land  there,  which  he 
sold,  September  29,  1655,  to  John  Willcockson. 
The  location  of  this  lot  is  shown  on  a  map 
drawn  by  Rev.  Benjamin  L.  .Swan,  and  print- 
ed in  tlie  "Hawley  Recor<l,"  page  432,  where 
it  is  marked  as  belonging  to  John  Willcockson. 
The  same  year,  he  removed  to  New  London, 
and  remained  there  for  a  short  time.  In  1668 
he  had  lived  in  Stonington,  Connecticut,  long 
enough  to  become  an  inhabitant  of  that  town. 
This  required  a  two  years'  residence.  At  that 
time  he  was  one  of  the  forty-three  inhabitants 
to  whom  a  house  lot  was  granted.  His  allot- 
ment was  No.  5,  and  was  retained  by  him 
during  his  life.  August  6,  1674,  he  was  act- 
ing town  clerk  at  a  town  meeting.  In  1675  he 
was  one  of  three  hundred  volunteers  from 
Connecticut,  in  King  Philip's  war,  and,  in 
1700,  received  for  his  services  a  grant  of  land 

in  the  town  of  Voluntown,  which  had  been  set 
aside  for  the  Indian  war  volunteers.  As  he 
had  then  been  dead  for  a  number  of  years,  the 
grant  came  into  the  possession  of  his  son  Sam- 
uel, who  in  his  will  divided  it  between  his  own 
sons,  Moses  and  Aaron.  It  is  still  owned  by 
their  descendants. 

August  22,  1679,  John  Fish  was  chosen  and 
unanimously  voted  school-master  for  the  town 
of  Stonington,  to  instruct  children  in  reading, 
writing,  arithmetic  and  grammar.  December 
5,  1680,  he  was  admitted  a  member  of  the  Con- 
gregational church  of  Stonington.  He  was  a 
land  surveyor  and  laid  out  many  of  the  public 
grants  of  Stonington.  In  this  work  his  brother- 
in-law,  Gershom  Palmer,  was  associated  with 
him  during  the  years  1680-81.  By  grant  and 
purchase,  he  became  proprietor  of  consider- 
able tracts  of  land  in  Groton  and  Stonington 
and  other  neighboring  towns.  He  married 
(first) Eland,  who'  belonged  to  an  an- 
cient and  honorable  family  of  Yorkshire,  Eng- 
land. August  25,  1681,  he  married  Widow- 
Hannah  (Palmer)  (Hewitt)  Sterry.  She  was 
a  daughter  of  Walter  and  Rebecca  (Short) 
Palmer,  and  married,  April  26,  1659,  Captain 
Thomas  Hewitt,  who  was  a  sea-faring  man. 
and  never  returned  from  one  of  his  voyages. 
In  1670  she  petitioned  the  general  court  for 
permission  to  marry  again,  and,  on  December 
2"],  1 67 1,  married  (second)  Roger  Sterry.  The 
latter  died  before  1680,  and  she  married 
(third),  as  above  stated,  John  Fish.  Children 
of  John  Fish,  all  by  first  wife:  John;  Jona- 
than ;  Samuel,  bom  1656,  mentionetl  below : 
Mary.  The  records  of  the  Congregational 
church  at  Stonington  ^how  the  baptisms  of 
Samuel,  Mary  and  John,  March  13,  1680,  all 
of  whom  were  adults  at  that  time. 

(II)  Samuel,  son  of  John  Fish,  was  born  in 
1656,  accortling  to  his  gravestone  record,  it  is 
supposed  in  New  London,  and  died  February 
27.  1733-  He  was  a  soldier  in  King  Philip's 
war,  and  received,  in  1700,  as  a  return  for  his 
military  service,  a  grant  of  land  in  Voluntown. 
This  grant   he  afterwards  bequeathed   to  his 

son  Samuel.   He  married  (first)  Sarah , 

who  died  December  11,  1722,  aged  sixty-two 
years.  He  married  (second)  Widow  Dorothy 
(Wheeler)  Smith.  Both  he  and  his  first  wife 
arc  buried  in  the  old  Packer  burying-ground  in 
Groton,  Connecticut.  Children:  Samuel,  bap- 
tized April  18,  1695,  mentioned  below;  Mary, 
baptized  April  18,  1695 ;  David,  baptized  April 
18,  1695,  married,  March  30,  1721,  Grace  Pal- 

NEW  \0\<K. 


nier;  Margaret,  baptized  April  i8,  1695,  mar- 
ried Gideon  Cobb :  John,  baptized  November 
8,  1696,  married,  July  19,  1726,  Esther  John- 
son, died  July  4,  1782. 

(III)  Samuel  (2),  son  of  Samuel  (i)  Fish, 
was  baptized  April  18,  1695,  died  January  20, 

1724.     He  married  Sarah .     Children: 

Captain  John,  born  about  1712;  Captain  Dan- 
iel, 1714;  Sarah,  married Morse:  Eliz- 
abeth, married Rose  ;  Samuel,  mention- 
ed below ;  Jane,  married  Rev.  Timothy  Wight- 

(IV)  Samuel  (3),  son  of  Samuel  (2)  Fish, 
was  born  about  1720,  at  Stonington.  The  rec- 
ords of  his  family  are  not  available,  but  it  is 
thought  that  he  was  the  father  of  Elias,  men- 
tioned below.  In  1790,  according  to  the  first 
federal  census,  there  were  ten  families  of  Fish 
in  New  London  county.  Aaron  and  Sprague 
Fish  were  neighbors :  Samuel,  John  and  John 
Jr.  lived  in  the  same  vicinity,  and  Nathan  and 
Sands.  The  size  of  the  families  and  ages  of 
children  indicate  that  Nathan,  Ambrose  and 
Aaron  were  probably  a  generation  older  than 
the  others.  John,  John  Jr.,  Samuel,  Ebenezer, 
Sands,  Sprague  and  Elias  had  no  sons  over 
sixteen  years  in  their  families.  Elias  is  men- 
tioned below. 

(V)  Elias,  son  or  nephew  of  Samuel  (3) 
Fish,  born  1760-65,  had  one  son  under  sixteen 
and  two  females  in  his  family,  in  1790.  The 
names  next  his  on  the  census,  which  was  evi- 
dently taken  according  to  residence,  were  those 
of  Joseph  Holley  and  Increase  Stoddard.  He 
was  a  sea-faring  man,  and  followed  the  sea  for 
many  years,  also  working  at  the  trade  of  ship- 
carpenter.  In  later  life  he  settled  in  Otsego 
county,  New  York,  where,  after  farming  some 
years,  he  died.  Children :  Samuel,  Gurdon, 
Jerry,  Eldridge ;  Laura,  born  1803,  married 
Dr.  Gerrit  P.  Judd,  son  of  Dr.  Elnathan  Judd, 
of  Paris,  New  York,  and  they  lived,  for  many 
years,  as  missionaries  in  Honolulu,  Hawaiian 
Islands:  Sybil,  married  James  Tracy. 

(VI)  Eldridge,  son  of  Elias  Fish,  was  born 
November  22,  1798;  died  October  10,  1865,  in 
Cortland  county,  New  York.  He  lived  at 
Schuyler  Lake,  Otsego  county.  New  York,  and 
at  Solon.  He  was  a  lay  preacher,  or  exhorter, 
in  the  Methodist  Episcopal  church,  an  earnest 
Abolitionist,  and  a  man  of  strong  convictions 
and  strict  piety.  He  followed  farming  for  a 
vocation.  He  married,  August  27,  1821,  Bet- 
sey Taft,  born  at  Schuyler  Lake,  August  11, 
1800,    died    May,    1871,    daughter    of    Daniel 

Taft,  a  descendant  of  Robert  Taft,  of  Mendon, 
Worcester  county,  Massachusetts,  from  whom 
President  Taft  also  descends.  Children:  i. 
Prosper  W.,  born  July  26,  1822,  died  in  Cali- 
fornia, August  16,  1901.  2.  Eunice,  born  Sep- 
tember 8,  1824,  died  October,  1861.  3.  Laura, 
born  September  9,  1826,  died  May,  1898.     4. 

Bessie,  born  183 1  ;  married  Barnett.   5. 

Edwin  R.,  born  March  4,  1835,  died  in  the 
service  in  the  civil  war,  November  3,  1863.  6. 
Susan  A.,  born  July  9,  1838.  died  January  8, 
1S99.    7.  James  Elias,  mentioned  below. 

(\TI)  Rev.  James  Elias  Fish,  son  of  Eld- 
ridge Fish,  was  born  in  Solon,  Cortland  county. 
New  York,  August  28,  1842.  He  attended  the 
[Hiblic  schools  at  Solon  and  McGrav\'ville,  and 
then  studied  for  the  ministry.  From  1888  to 
1896  he  was  engaged  in  evangelistic  work,  and, 
in  the  meantime,  studied,  in  order  to  prepare 
for  the  ministry,  and,  in  1897,  was  ordained  in 
the  Congregational  church,  at  Lester,  Broome 
county.  New  York.  He  was  pastor  of  the  Con- 
gregational church,  at  Lester,  until  October  21, 
1901,  and  since  then  he  has  supplied  churches 
at  Lapeer,  Cincinnatus,  Whitney's  P'oint  and 
Cortland.  New  York.  He  was  one  of  the  first 
to  volunteer  in  response  to  the  call  of  Presi- 
dent Lincoln,  at  the  beginning  of  the  civil  war, 
and,  September  9,  1861,  he  was  mustered  into 
the  service,  in  Company  A,  Tenth  New  York 
Cavalry.  His  regiment  was  attached  to  the 
Army  of  the  Potomac,  and  he  took  part  in  the 
battles  of  Fredericksburg,  Brandy  Station,  Mid- 
dleburg.  Gettysburg,  and  others  of  importance. 
He  was  discharged  for  disability,  in  October, 


Air.  Pish  studied  medicine  for  two  years 
and  a  half,  when  a  young  man,  and  afterward 
he  continued  his  experiments,  until  he  perfect- 
ed the  formula,  which,  for  the  past  thirty 
years,  he  has  had  on  the  market  under  the 
trade  name  of  Wormwood  Ointment.  The 
business  of  manufacturing  the  proprietary 
article  has  become  one  of  the  leading  industries 
of  the  town  of  Marathon,  and  the  product  has 
a  large  sale  in  all  parts  of  the  country,  and 
testimonials  of  its  worth  have  been  received 
from  many  diliferent  states.  Mr.  Fish  is  a 
member  of  Hiram  Clark  Post,  No.  154,  Grand 
Army  of  the  Republic,  of  Marathon.  In  poli- 
tics he  is  an  independent. 

He  married  (first),  February  3,  1864,  Alice 
E.  May,  born  August  2.  1845,  fl'^"^'  February 
2,  1886,  daughter  of  Joseph  and  Catherine 
(Rose)    May.     He  married   (second),  March 



27.  1888,  Mattie  L.  Pierce,  of  Hamilton,  Madi- 
son county.  New  York,  daughter  of  William 
and  Charlotte  ( Waj- )  Pierce,  of  Otselic  Cen- 
ter, Chenango  county.  Children  of  first  wife: 
I.  Edwin,  born  February  10,  1865,  resides  in 
Ijuffalo;  married  limma  Kern,  and  has  two 
children — Alice  and  Alva.  2.  Frederick  U.. 
born  P'ebruary  21,  1867,  an  artist,  lives  at 
Canastota.  New  York;  married  Lizzie  Harri- 
son, daughter  of  Rev.  George  Harrison,  and 
has  one  child — Earl.  3.  X'innie,  born  May  4, 
1876;  married  Charles  Morgan,  of  Toledo, 
Ohio,  son  of  (ieneral  Morgan:  child — Charles 
Morgan.  4.  P.essie,  born  .\ugust  28,  1882: 
married  Arthur  Stolberg :  no  children. 

The  name  Bouton  is  of  French 
BOUTON     origin,  and  from  1350,  for  two 

centuries,  the  court  records  of 
France  abound  with  the  name.  Nicholas  Bou- 
ton, who  bore  the  title  of  Coimt  Chanilly, 
Baron  Montague  de  Naton.  was  born  about 
1580,  and  was  the  father  of  Harard  and  John, 
twins,  and  Noel,  all  of  whom  were  Huguenots 
and  refugees  during  the  persecutions  of  the 
Protestants  by  the  Catholics.  Noel  afterwards 
returned  to  France,  where  he  distinguished 
himself,  and  was  subsequently  made  Marshal 
of  all  I'Vance. 

(I)  Tohn  Bouton,  immigrant  ancestor,  sail- 
ed from  Gravesend,  England,  July,  1635,  and 
landed  in  Boston,  Massachusetts,  in  December 
of  that  year.  He  was  then  aged  twenty.  He 
lived  first  in  Boston,  then  in  Watertown,  and 
early  in  the  settlement  of  Hartford,  Coimecti- 
cut,  removed  there.  In  1651  he  removed  again 
to  Norwalk,  Connecticut,  where  he  became  an 
influential  citizen.  In  1671,  and  for  several 
years  after,  he  was  a  representative  in  the 
general  court  of  Connecticut,  and  held  other 

offices  in  Norwalk.     He  married  Alice , 

who  survived  him,  and  married  (second)  Mat- 
thew Marvin,  as  his  second  wife.  Her  will 
was  dated  December  i,  1680,  and  mentioned 
her  son,  John  Bouton ;  daughters,  Bridget  Kel- 
logg, Abigail  Bouton.  Rachel  .Smith,  and  grand- 
children, Ruth  and  Rachel  Piouton,  and  Sarah 
Brinsmcad.  Among  their  children  were :  John, 
mentioned  below;  Richard,  born  about  if'3(), 
died  in  Norwalk,  June  27,  1665,  married  Ruth 

;  liridgct,  born  about  1642,  marrieil,  in 

1660,  Daniel  Kellogg,  lived  in  Stockbridge. 

(II)  John  (2),  son  of  John  (i)  ISouton, 
married   (first)   .Abigail,  daughter  of  Mattliew 

Marvin,  by  a  first  wife.  She  was  born  at 
Hartford,  about  1640,  and  was  living  in  1680, 
when  she  was  mentioned  in  the  will  of  her  step- 
mother, .Alice  Marvin,  formerly  wife  of  John 
I'outon  (  I ).  Hemarried  (  second)  MarySteven- 
son.  He  lived  in  Norwalk.  His  will  was  dated 
December  25,  ijof),  and  he  died  between  that 
date  and  February  18,  1706-07.  In  his  will  he 
mentioned  wife  Mary,  sons  John,  Matthew, 
Joseph,  Thomas,  Richard  and  daughters  Rachel, 
.\bigail,  Mary  and  Elizabeth.  Children,  born  in 
Norwalk:  John,  September  30,  1659,  mention- 
ed below  ;  Matthew,  December  24.  1661  :  Rachel. 
December  16,  1667;  Abigail,  April  1.  1670; 
Mary,  May  26,  1671  :  Joseph,  about  1674: 
Thomas,  about  1676:  Elizabeth,  1679:  Rich- 
ard, 1680. 

(Ill)  John  (3),  son  of  John  (2)  Bouton, 
was  born  in  Norwalk,  September  30,  1659, 
died  before  January  2,  1704-05.  His  estate 
was  divided  November  21,  1705.  among  "six 
children  living."  The  si.xth  was  probably  Dan- 
iel. Matthew,  his  brother,  and  John,  his  son. 
were  administrators.  He  settled  in  Norwalk, 
where  he  c)wned  land  jointly  with  his  brother 
Matthew,  which  he  sold,  January  25,  1693. 
The  town  records  of  Danbury  show  that  he 
owned  land  there,  and  those  of  New  Canaan 
that   he    was   among   the   constituents   of   the 

Society    of   that   place.      He   married    

Children :  John,  over  twenty-one  at 

time  of  inventory,  married  Sarah,  daughter  of 
Jakin  Gregory,  mentioned  in  his  grandfather's 
will:  Abigail,  born  1689:  Mary,  1692;  Na- 
thaniel, 1695:  Eleazer,  1701-02;  Daniel,  1705. 

(IV)  Nathaniel,  son  of  John  (3)  Bouton, 
was  born  in  Norwalk,  J695.  He  was  one  of 
the  constituents  of  New  Canaan.  In  his  will, 
dated  1775,  he  makes  no  mention  of  his  son 
John  and  daughter  Rebecca,  who  probably  died 
before  that  date.     He  married  (first)  Hannah 

;    (second)    Mary .      Children, 

born  in  New  Canaan :  Flannah,  November  24. 
1721:  .Abigail,  February  28.  1723;  Nathaniel, 
September  6,  1726;  Samuel,  April  11,  1730; 
Jehiel,  February  17,  1732:  Mary,  November 
II.  1734:  John,  July  23,  1737;  Daniel,  October 
24,  1740:  Rebecca,  1742. 

(\')  Nathaniel  (2),  son  of  Nathaniel  (1) 
P.outon.  was  born  in  New  Canaan,  September 
6,  1726.  He  married  (first),  April  13,  1755, 
Lydia  Penoyer,  born  .April  15,  1724.  He  mar- 
ried (second)  Rachel  Kellogg,  of  Norwalk. 
Children  of  first  wife:  Nathaniel,  baptized 
.September  7,  1756:  James,  bajitizcd  December 





y^e^i^^  cy^'^y/7?u^C^-4v..:^.4^'tdyA^ 


M^i^^^.  WM^ud^. 



4,  1757;  Lydia.  baptized  May,  1761,  married 
Elnathan  Weed  (see  Weed  V)  ;  Mary,  bap- 
tized October  2,  1763.  Children  of  second 
wife:  Enos,  born  February  2-j ,  1770;  Nathan- 
iel, born  Poundridge,  New  York,  1778;  James, 
born  Poundridge,  married  Abby  Baker ;  Eli- 
asaph,  born  Poundridge,  married  Polly  Slau- 
son  ;  Daughter,  married  Samuel  Young  ;  Eliza, 
born  Poundridge ;  Rachel,  born  ]\)undridge, 
married  Simeon  Luce. 

(TIk-    Weed    Line). 

(I)  Jonas  Weed,  immigrant  ancestor,  came 
from  England  in  the  company  of  Sir  Richard 
Saltonstall,  in  1630,  and  settled  first  at  Water- 
town,  Massachusetts.  He  was  admitted  a  free- 
man. May  18,  1631,  and  was  dismissed  from 
the  church  at  Watertown  to  that  at  Wethers- 
field,  Connecticut.  March  24.  1636.  He  set- 
tled about  1642,  in  Stamford,  Connecticut.  His 
will  was  dated  November  16,  1672,  and  his 
inventory  was  dated  June,  1676.  He  bequeath- 
ed to  his  children :  John,  Daniel,  Jonas,  Sam- 
uel and  four  daughters.  Children :  John,  mar- 
ried Joanna  Westcoat.  and  Hved  in  Stam- 
ford :  Daniel,  mentioned  below  ;  Jonas,  mar- 
ried r)ethia  Hawley  ;  Samuel ;  Mary,  married 
Ceorge  Abbott;  Dorcas,  married  James 
Wright;  Hannah,  married  Benjamin  Hovt ; 

(H)  Daniel,  son  of  Jonas  Weed,  was  born 
about  1650,  probably  at  Stamford.  He  lived 
in  Stamford  and  in  the  adjacent  town  of  Rye, 
Westchester  county,  New  York,  where,  before 
his  death,  according  to  probate  records,  he  had 
been  living  for  twenty  years.  He  died  No- 
vember 29,  1697,  and  the  probate  records  give 
the  ages  of  the  children  in  1698,  from  which 
their  dates  of  birth  are  computed,  viz :  Sarah, 
born  November  18,  1675;  Abraham,  August 
18,  1680;  Daniel,  mentioned  below:  Ebenezer, 
October  22,  1692  ;  Nathaniel,  October  22,  1696. 
(HI)  Daniel  (2),  son  of  Daniel  (i)  Weed, 
was  born  March  19,  1685,  according  to  the 
probate  records,  which  state  that  he  was  thir- 
teen years  old,  March  19.   i6g8.     He  married 

Elizabeth .  Children,  born  in  Stamford: 

Ekiniel.  November  12,  1709;  Elizabeth,  Febru- 
ary 16,  1711-12;  Hezekiah,  September,  171 5; 
Reuben,  mentioned  below ;  Deborah,  May  2, 
1724;  Nehemiah. 

(IV)  Reuben,  .son  of  Daniel  (2)  Weed, 
was  born  at  Stamford,  October,  1717.  He 
married  there,  June  28,  1738,  Lydia  Hawley. 
Qiildren,  born  at  Stamford:  Reuben,   Febru- 

ary 3,  1740;  Abigail,  December  3,  1741  ;  John, 
March  21,  1742-43;  Eliphalet,  April  28,  1745; 
Lydia,  December  31,  1749;  Sarah,  February 
23-  1755  :  Elnathan,  mentioned  below. 

( \' )  Elnathan,  son  of  Reuben  Weed,  was 
born  at  Stamford,  Connecticut,  April  14,  1758, 
died  April  11,  1844.  He  removed  to  Pound- 
ridge, Westchester  county.  New  York,  and 
served  in  the  American  army  in  the  revolu- 
tionary war.  He  married  Lydia  Bouton,  of 
Poundridge  (see  Bouton  V).  She  was  bom 
March  26,  1761.  Children:  Jared,  born  April 
8,  1783;  Stephen,  mentioned  below;  Betsey, 
April  30,  1788;  Sally  Hoyt,  October  12,  1790; 
Elnathan,  November  11,  1792;  Abigail,  Octo- 
ber 30,  1796;  Samuel,  December  14,  1799; 
Mary  Anna,  January  12,  1801  ;  Louisa,  March 
7,  1803;  Joseph  W.,  July  19,  1806. 

(VI)  Stephen,  son  of  Elnathan  Weed,  was 
born  September  8,  1785,  died  August  9,  1859. 
He  married,  about  1805,  Julia  Waring.  Chil- 
dren:  Diantha,  married  William  Doubleday: 
Julia  .\nn,  married  Charles  VV.  Sanford;  Har- 
riet, married  \Villiam  Boyd  ;  Betsey,  mention- 
ed below  ;  Waring,  married  Mary  Ayers  ;  Alex- 
anler,  married  Jennie  Cowan  ;  Mary  Louisa. 

(VII)  Betsey,  daughter  of  Stephen  Weed, 
was  born  March  3,  1813.    She  married,  Febru- 
ary 3,  1840,  Rev.  Samuel  Webster  Bush,  who 
was  born  in  1806,  in  Fairfax  county,  Virginia, 
and  was  brought  up  in  Albany,  New  York,  in 
the  Webster   family,  and  was  educated  there 
in   the   public   schools.      He   studied   law   and 
after  he   was  admitted   to  the  bar,  practiced 
for   a    few   years.      He   decided,   however,   to 
enter  the  ministry  and  took  up  the  study  of 
theology  at  the  Auburn  Theological  Seminary. 
Flis  finst  pastorate  was  at  Binghamton,  New 
York,  in  charge  of  the  Congregational  church. 
Subsequently   he    was   pastor   at    Skaneateles, 
New  York,  where  he  was  located   for  seven 
years ;    at    Norwich,    New    York,    where    he 
preached  three   years ;  at   Cooperstown,   New 
York,    eight   years.      Afterwards   he    returned 
to  Binghamton,  and  during  the  last  years  of 
his  life  was  chaplain  of  the  Inebriate  Asylum 
there.      He   died   at    Binghamton,   March   20, 
1877.     Of  great  scholarly  and  literary  attain- 
ments, Mr.  Bush  had  a  most  winning  person- 
ality   and    devout    pious    character,    and    was 
greatly  beloved  by  his  parishioners. 

Children:  Julia  Charlotte  Bush,  born  April 

13,  1842,  now  residing  in  Binghamton;  Mary 
Louisa  Bush,  born  January  18,1844,  flied  July 

14.  1881  ;  Frances  Bush,  born   May  30,   1850, 



resides  in  Binghamton  ;  Arthur  Sanford  Web- 
ster Bush,  born  April  29,  1859,  resides  in 

The  Hilton  family  is  of  old  Eng- 
HILTON     lish    origin.      The    first    of    the 

name  in  this  country  were  two 
brothers,  William,  mentioned  below,  and  Ed- 
ward, who  came  over  from  London  with  Mr. 
David  Thompson,  in  1623,  to  begin  a  planta- 
tion at  Piscataqua.  The  place  of  settlement 
was  at  Dover  Neck,  seven  miles  from  Ports- 
mouth, in  the  limits  of  New  Hampshire.  They 
were  all  fishmongers  by  trade,  and  were  sent 
over  not  only  to  fish,  but  also  to  plant  vine- 
yards, discover  mines,  etc.  Exhaustive  search 
of  the  records  of  the  Fishmongers'  Company, 
of  London,  by  Charles  H.  Pope,  in  1907,  failed 
to  reveal  the  names  of  the  three  men,  but  a  tax 
roll  of  London,  made  in  1641,  brought  to  light 
by  Mr.  Gerald  Fothergill  (see  "New  Eng. 
Reg.,"  Ixi),  gives  the  name  of  Edward  Hilton 
in  the  list  of  fishmongers,  with  the  memo- 
randum "Newe  England"  after  it.  This  indi- 
cates that  Edward  had  certainly  been  in  busi- 
ness in  London  and  had  continued  the  sale  and 
shipment  of  fish  to  a  recent  date.  No  trace 
of  his  native  parish  or  his  ancestry  have  been 
found.  He  was  the  leader  of  the  little  planta- 
tion, and  received  the  patent  for  the  land — the 
Squamscott  Patent — as  it  was  called,  includ- 
ing what  is  now  known  as  Dover,  Durham, 
Stratham,  and  parts  of  Newington  and  Cjreen- 
land,  etc.  The  council  for  New  England  "for 
and  in  consideration  that  Edward  Hilton  and 
his  Associates  hath  already  sundry  servants 
to  plant  in  New  England  at  a  point  called  by 
the  natives  Wecanacohunt  otherwise  Hilton's 
Point,  lying  some  two  leagues  from  the  mouth 
of  the  river  Piscatacjuack  *  *  where  they  have 
already  built  some  houses  and  planted  cornc. 
And  for  that  he  doth  fiu-ther  intend  by  Divine 
Assistance  to  transport  thither  more  people 
and  cattle  *  *  *  a  work  which  may  especially 
tend  to  the  propagation  of  Religion  and  to  the 
great  Increase  of  Trade  *  *  convey  to  him 
all  that  part  of  the  River  Pascataquack  call- 
ed or  known  by  the  name  of  Wecanacohunt  or 
Hilton's  Point  *  *  with  the  south  side  of 
the  River  and  three  miles  into  the  Maine  land 
by  all  the  breadth  aforesaid,"  etc.  Possession 
was  given  in  the  name  of  the  Council  by  Cap- 
tain Thomas  Wiggin  and  others,  July  7,  163 1. 
(Suj).  Court  files,  New  Eng.  Reg.,  xxiv.,  264). 
Part  of  this  land  was  sold  to  individual  set- 

tlers, part  to  the  Lords  Say  and  Brook  and 
some  to  New  England  gentlemen.  Edward 
Hilton  settled  in  Exeter,  after  some  time,  and 
signed  the  petition  of  its  inhabitants  in  the 
year  1642.  That  same  year,  he  was  appointed 
by  the  Massachusetts  Bay  Government  one  of 
the  local  justices  of  the  court,  sitting  with  the 
magistrates  on  the  highest  questions  and  act- 
ing by  themselves  in  cases  not  beyond  certain 
limits.  On  account  of  this  office,  the  general 
court  held  him  to  be  exempt  from  taxation,  in 
1669.  He  filled  other  important  offices  and 
was  highly  honored  in  the  colonies.  In  1653, 
he  had  a  grant  of  lanH  com]:)rising  the  whole 
village  of  Newfields,  wdiich  was  made  to  him 
in  return  for  his  setting  up  a  sawmill,  and  a 
considerable  part  of  this  later  grant  has  re- 
mained to  this  day  in  the  possession  of  his 
descendants.  He  was  selectman  of  Exeter 
from  1645  nearly  every  year  up  to  1652.  In 
1657,  he  was  one  of  the  committee  of  two 
from  that  town  to  meet  the  committee  from 
Dover  to  settle  the  bounds  between  the  two 
towns.  He  has  been  called  "The  Father  of 
New  Hampshire."  He  died  early  in  1671. 
The  name  of  his  first  wife  is  unknown.  He 
married  (second)  Jane,  daughter  of  Hon.  Alex- 
ander Shepley. 

A  possible  clue  to  the  ancestry  of  Hilton  is 
found  m  the  record  of  a  suit  brought  in  the 
Piscata(|ua  court  by  William  Hilton,  April  4, 
1642,  respecting  a  payment  to  "Mr.  Richard 
Hilton  of  Norwich  (  Northwich)."  Mr.  H.  F. 
Waters  found  a  record  at  Wotten-undcr-edge. 
Gloucestershire,  England,  of  the  baptism  of  a 
child  of  Richard  Hilton,  "coming  out  of  New 

(I)  William  Hilton,  immigrant  ancestor,  of 
this  branch,  and  brother  of  Edward,  came  from 
London  to  Plymouth,  Massachusetts,  in  the 
"Fortune,"  November  11,  1621.  Soon  after 
his  arrival,  he  wrote  a  letter  of  great  historical 
and  personal  interest,  published  by  Captain 
John  Smith  in  his  "New  England  Trialls,"  in 
the  edition  of  1622.  His  wife  and  two  children 
followed  him  in  the  "Anne,"  July  or  August, 
1623,  but  their  names  are  not  known.  In  the 
allotment  of  land,  1623,  he  received  one  acre, 
and  his  wife  and  children  three  acres.  He 
was  in  Plymouth  in  1624,  but  as  his  name  does 
not  appear  in  the  list  of  those  present  at  the 
division  in  1627,  it  is  probable  that  he  had  re- 
moved before  that  date,  to  the  settlements  on 
the  Piscataqua.  July  7,  1631,  he  was  one  of 
the   witnesses   to   the   livery   of   seizin   to   his 

.Jrf/,ar  Ff.  W.   -^Ud 



brother  Edward,  of  the  lands  embraced  in  the 
Squamscott  of  Hilton's  Patent,  dated  March 
12,  1629-30.  December  4,  1639,  he  was  grant- 
ed land  on  the  other  side  of  the  river,  and, 
February  3,  1640,  it  was  agreed  at  Exeter,  that 
"Mr.  William  Hilton  is  to  enjoy  those  marshes 
in  Oyster  River  which  formerly  he  had  pos- 
session of  and  still  are  in  his  possession."  He 
was  made  freeman,  Alay  19,  1642,  antl  that 
same  year,  had  a  grant  of  land  of  twenty  acres, 
at  Dover.  In  1644,  he  was  deputy  to  the  gen- 
eral court  at  Boston  from  Dover.  About  this 
time,  he  removed  to  Kittery  Point,  Maine.  At 
a  court  held  at  Gorgeana,  June  27,  1648,  he 
was  licensed  to  keep  the  ordinary  at  the  mouth 
of  the  F'iscataqua,  and  also  to  run  a  ferry.  He 
removed  to  York,  alj<jut  165 1,  and,  November 
22,  1652,  when  the  Massachusetts  Commission- 
ers arrived  there  to  receive  the  submission  of 
the  inhabitants  he  was  one  of  the  fifty  persons 
who  acknowledged  themselves  subject  to  the 
government  of  Massachusetts  Bay  and  took 
the  oath  of  freemen.  At  a  town  meeting,  held 
at  York,  December  8,  1652,  it  was  ordered  that 
he  should  have  the  use  of  the  ferry  for  twenty- 
one  years.  He  was  selectman.  1652-53-54,  and 
had  grants  of  land  from  the  town,  July  4,  1653, 
and  June  4,   1654.     His  first  wife  was  Anne 

,  who  came  over  in  1623.   It  is  supposed 

that  he  had  a  second  wife,  Frances,  who,  after 
his  death,  married  Richard  White.  He  died 
1655  or  1656,  and  letters  of  administration 
were  granted  June  30,  1656,  to  Richard  White. 
His  children  were:  William,  mentioned  below, 
and  periiaps  others. 

(II)  William  (2),  son  of  William  (i)  Hil- 
ton, lived  in  York.  He  had  a  grant  of  land 
from  the  town,  August  25,  1679,  and  others,  at 
later  dates.  He